CN102691429A - Planting and breeding-integrated greenhouse and use method thereof - Google Patents

Planting and breeding-integrated greenhouse and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102691429A
CN102691429A CN2012102002515A CN201210200251A CN102691429A CN 102691429 A CN102691429 A CN 102691429A CN 2012102002515 A CN2012102002515 A CN 2012102002515A CN 201210200251 A CN201210200251 A CN 201210200251A CN 102691429 A CN102691429 A CN 102691429A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
booth
cultivating
breeding
greenhouses
raising shed
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Pending
Application number
CN2012102002515A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘建君
Original Assignee
李嘉
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Application filed by 李嘉 filed Critical 李嘉
Priority to CN2012102002515A priority Critical patent/CN102691429A/en
Publication of CN102691429A publication Critical patent/CN102691429A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention relates to a novel planting and breeding-integrated greenhouse and a use method thereof. The novel planting and breeding-integrated greenhouse comprises at least three conjoined greenhouses, wherein the greenhouses are communicated with one another, breeding greenhouses and planting greenhouses are distributed with one another at intervals, the upper parts of the breeding greenhouses are provided with melon and fruit rattan plant climbing frames, and the bottoms of the breeding greenhouses are paved with fermenting bed cushion materials. The use method of the integrated greenhouse comprises the following steps of: putting animals on the fermenting bed cushion materials of the breeding greenhouses, planting the plants in the planting greenhouses, and manually collecting the excreta of the animals to be taken as the fertilizer of the plants in the greenhouse within short distance, wherein the room temperature of the greenhouse and the temperature in shallow layers underground the planting greenhouses can be adjusted by the temperature generated by the self heating of the animals and the fermentation reaction of the fermenting beds. The melon and fruit rattan plants can be densely planted on the melon and fruit rattan plant climbing frames. According to the novel planting and breeding-integrated greenhouse and the use method of the novel planting and breeding-integrated greenhouse provided by the invention, the metabolites generated when the plants grow can be mutually used, so that the green organic agriculture can be basically realized.

Description

Plant cultivating one booth and method for using thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural booth and method for using thereof, particularly a kind of cenospecies cultivating one booth and method for using thereof.
Background technology
A kind of visual plant of booth in agricultural production.Present most booth purposes is single, only carries out proportion of crop planting or animal-breeding separately.In the proportion of crop planting canopy, the oxygen that photosynthesis produces in the plant growing can not utilize; And in the animal-breeding canopy, the carbon dioxide that produces in the growth of animal can only be discharged through draft type.In addition, the excreta that produces in the growth of animal activity, its composition are rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur, iron and other trace elements, also can only excreta be given off booth with manual type.These two kinds independently the booth pattern metabolite that animals and plants produce in work is produced all can't be in canopy trans-utilization, various materials can't be realized circulation in the canopy, and need a large amount of manpowers externally discharge the discarded object that produces in the activity in production.
Also have a kind of three dimensional-planting-breeding booth on the market, above raising shed, increase a plurality of plant rack-layers, but be not easy to plant is applied fertilizer behind the planting area frame height, and the carbon dioxide that animal produces overweights air, be unfavorable for the absorption of plant carbon dioxide.In the actual production activity, the plant solar radiation that is in lower floor in a plurality of plant rack-layers is limited, and growth must be restricted.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the fully technical problem of recycle of existing booth animals and plants metabolite, the present invention provides a kind of kind of cultivating one booth and method for using thereof, can realize the effective recycle of animals and plants metabolite in the booth.
A kind of kind of cultivating one booth of the present invention comprises at least three conjoined green houses, it is characterized in that booth interconnects, and raising shed is spaced apart with the plantation canopy, and raising shed top is provided with melon and fruit rattan plant climbing frame, and fermenting bed padding is laid in the raising shed bottom.
Described a kind of kind of cultivating one booth is characterized in that said raising shed bottom level and fermenting bed padding thickness variable.
Said kind of cultivating one booth is characterized in that the top is provided with automatic temperature-controlled skylight, and the side is provided with automatic temperature-controlled side volume window.
Said kind of cultivating one booth, ground is provided with device for collecting rain water around it is characterized in that, and device for collecting rain water links to each other with reservoir.
The method for using of a kind of kind of cultivating one booth; With plant growing in the plantation canopy in; Raising shed adopts the fermentation bed technology, and animal is placed on the raising shed fermenting bed padding, regularly collects to move to raising shed behind the animal excrements plant is applied fertilizer; Raising shed can be taked the bottom level that adapts to according to the long-term average temperature in this area; Temperature is spent when 25 spend by Celsius-10, takes the raising shed bottom level to be raised to 30cm on the ground gradually by underground 100cm, places the fermenting bed padding thickness on the raising shed bottom to be reduced to 20cm by 90cm gradually; Adjust the booth room temperature with this and maintain Celsius 10 and spend between 30 degree, the temperature maintenance in the plant shed underground shallow-layer is spent between 5 degree Celsius 0.
The method for using of described a kind of kind of cultivating one booth is characterized in that intensive plantation melon and fruit rattan plant on the melon and fruit rattan plant climbing frame.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1) kind cultivating one booth has realized that the oxygen that plant produces can improve the inner oxygen content of booth in respiration; Oxygen-enriched environment is that growth of animal provides good living environment, and the carbon dioxide that produces in the animal metabolism simultaneously provides the source of the carbon dioxide in the plant respiration again for the plant in the booth.
2) be rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur, iron and other trace elements in the excreta of animal in the raising shed; Just can transfer to the fertilizer of plantation canopy through carrying out the short distance transportation with manual type behind the collection excreta as plant growing; Planting plant in the canopy simultaneously can regularly gather in the crops to animal greenfeed is provided; Bring into play the mutual benefit effect of animal and plant growth, realized green organic agricultural.
3) control raising shed fermenting bed padding thickness can be adjusted the temperature in booth room temperature and the plant shed underground shallow-layer.Can reduce fermenting bed padding thickness when greenhouse temperature is higher than the animal and plant growth optimum temperature or roll up the window heat radiation through the automatic temperature-controlled side in temperature automatically controlled skylight and both sides; Can be when temperature is low through animal from the temperature adjustment booth room temperature of body heating and the generation of fermentation bed fermentation reaction and the temperature in the underground shallow-layer, the temperature of having avoided cold district to occur in booth temperature inversion and the underground shallow-layer is crossed low frostbite root system of plant.
4) made full use of raising shed upper space plantation melon and fruit rattan plant; Melon and fruit rattan plant growing density is big and be rich in moisture; Hydrone has good blocking effect to infrared radiation; Can block the sun-fever radiation daytime, and the thermal-radiating diffusion in ground of can slowing down evening reduces difference variation in the booth; Melon and fruit rattan plant can produce economic benefit simultaneously, has accomplished the booth maximizing the benefits.
5) plant the cultivating one booth and be provided with device for collecting rain water all around, can collect,, really realize water-saving agriculture for animal and plant provides water resource to booth top and sleet, dew all around.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the sketch map of warm regional breeding one booth.
Fig. 2 is the sketch map of cold district kind cultivating one booth.
Wherein, raising shed 1, plantation canopy 2, fermenting bed padding 3, melon and fruit rattan plant 4, temperature automatically controlled skylight 5, automatic temperature-controlled side volume window 6, operating corridor 7, device for collecting rain water 8.

Claims (6)

1. kind cultivating one booth; Comprise at least three conjoined green houses, it is characterized in that booth interconnects, raising shed (1) and plantation canopy (2) are spaced apart; Raising shed (1) top is provided with melon and fruit rattan plant climbing frame (4), and fermenting bed padding (7) is laid in the raising shed bottom.
2. a kind of kind of cultivating one booth as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said raising shed (1) bottom level and fermenting bed padding (7) thickness variable.
3. a kind of kind of cultivating one booth as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said kind of cultivating one booth top is provided with automatic temperature-controlled skylight (5), and the side is provided with automatic temperature-controlled side volume window (6).
4. a kind of kind of cultivating one booth as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said kind of cultivating one booth is provided with device for collecting rain water (8) in ground all around, and device for collecting rain water (8) links to each other with reservoir.
5. the method for using of a kind cultivating one booth; With plant growing in plantation canopy (2); Raising shed (1) adopts the fermentation bed technology, and animal is placed on the raising shed fermenting bed padding (7), regularly collects to move to raising shed (2) behind the animal excrements plant is applied fertilizer; Raising shed can be taked the bottom level that adapts to according to the long-term average temperature in this area; Temperature is spent when 25 spend by Celsius-10, takes the raising shed bottom level to be raised to 30cm on the ground gradually by underground 100cm, places fermenting bed padding (7) thickness on the raising shed bottom to be reduced to 20cm by 90cm gradually; Adjust the booth room temperature with this and maintain Celsius 10 and spend between 30 degree, the temperature maintenance in the plant shed underground shallow-layer is spent between 5 degree Celsius 0.
6. the method for using of a kind of kind of cultivating one booth as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that upward intensive plantation melon and fruit rattan plant of melon and fruit rattan plant climbing frame (4).
CN2012102002515A 2012-06-18 2012-06-18 Planting and breeding-integrated greenhouse and use method thereof Pending CN102691429A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012102002515A CN102691429A (en) 2012-06-18 2012-06-18 Planting and breeding-integrated greenhouse and use method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012102002515A CN102691429A (en) 2012-06-18 2012-06-18 Planting and breeding-integrated greenhouse and use method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102691429A true CN102691429A (en) 2012-09-26

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102907339A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-02-06 东南大学 Ecological chicken house, and fabrication method of digestion treatment section of ecological chicken house
CN103053304A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-04-24 象山县农业技术推广中心 Agricultural circulating planting method
CN103168704A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-06-26 哈尔滨工业大学 Energy-saving and environmental-friendly type quaternity ecological greenhouse
CN103477917A (en) * 2013-08-23 2014-01-01 博兴县国丰高效生态循环农业开发有限公司 Closed ventilation system of integrated greenhouse and pig stable
CN104719172A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-06-24 绵阳瑞丰中升农业科技有限公司 Green livestock cultivation system and method
CN104770243A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-07-15 中国农业科学院草原研究所 Vegetable cultivation system capable of utilizing cow dung fermentation heat
CN105850775A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-08-17 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Chick raising room
CN110495331A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-11-26 山东农业大学 A kind of facility breeding combination ecological circulation method

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CN2489578Y (en) * 2001-06-21 2002-05-08 许克俭 Mechanical program controlled greenhouse for planting crop and raising fowls
CN1515143A (en) * 2003-01-07 2004-07-28 深圳市丰河环境工程技术有限公司上海 Agricultural equipment for clean cultivation and nuisance-free planting
KR100834312B1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-06-02 정지원 Circulating stable
CN102134923A (en) * 2010-10-29 2011-07-27 许铁民 Multilayer stereo planting and breeding method and greenhouse

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2489578Y (en) * 2001-06-21 2002-05-08 许克俭 Mechanical program controlled greenhouse for planting crop and raising fowls
CN1515143A (en) * 2003-01-07 2004-07-28 深圳市丰河环境工程技术有限公司上海 Agricultural equipment for clean cultivation and nuisance-free planting
KR100834312B1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-06-02 정지원 Circulating stable
CN102134923A (en) * 2010-10-29 2011-07-27 许铁民 Multilayer stereo planting and breeding method and greenhouse

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
吴金山: "《发酵床养鸡技术》", 31 December 2011, 河南科学技术出版社 *
广西助农畜牧科技有限公司: "活力发酵床养猪垫料管理技术", 《农村新技术》 *

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102907339A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-02-06 东南大学 Ecological chicken house, and fabrication method of digestion treatment section of ecological chicken house
CN102907339B (en) * 2012-09-25 2014-02-26 东南大学 Fabrication method of digestion treatment section of ecological chicken house
CN103053304B (en) * 2012-12-19 2014-11-26 象山县农业技术推广中心 Agricultural circulating planting method
CN103053304A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-04-24 象山县农业技术推广中心 Agricultural circulating planting method
CN103168704B (en) * 2013-04-02 2014-12-17 哈尔滨工业大学 Greenhouse planting and cultivating method
CN103168704A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-06-26 哈尔滨工业大学 Energy-saving and environmental-friendly type quaternity ecological greenhouse
CN103477917A (en) * 2013-08-23 2014-01-01 博兴县国丰高效生态循环农业开发有限公司 Closed ventilation system of integrated greenhouse and pig stable
CN103477917B (en) * 2013-08-23 2015-11-25 博兴县国丰高效生态循环农业开发有限公司 The closure ventilating system of a kind of greenhouse and pig matting integral type
CN104770243B (en) * 2015-03-13 2017-07-14 中国农业科学院草原研究所 A kind of vegetable growing system of utilization cattle manure heat
CN104770243A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-07-15 中国农业科学院草原研究所 Vegetable cultivation system capable of utilizing cow dung fermentation heat
CN104719172A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-06-24 绵阳瑞丰中升农业科技有限公司 Green livestock cultivation system and method
CN104719172B (en) * 2015-04-16 2017-03-15 绵阳瑞丰中升农业科技有限公司 A kind of green domestic animal cultivating system and cultural method
CN105850775A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-08-17 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Chick raising room
CN105850775B (en) * 2016-05-10 2020-01-31 台州中知英健机械自动化有限公司 Chicken raising room
CN110495331A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-11-26 山东农业大学 A kind of facility breeding combination ecological circulation method

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Application publication date: 20120926

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