CN102349395A - Oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester - Google Patents

Oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102349395A
CN102349395A CN2011103306373A CN201110330637A CN102349395A CN 102349395 A CN102349395 A CN 102349395A CN 2011103306373 A CN2011103306373 A CN 2011103306373A CN 201110330637 A CN201110330637 A CN 201110330637A CN 102349395 A CN102349395 A CN 102349395A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
oscillatory
nut
vibrating
hydraulic motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011103306373A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马俊贵
马俊福
马思远
Original Assignee
马俊贵
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 马俊贵 filed Critical 马俊贵
Priority to CN2011103306373A priority Critical patent/CN102349395A/en
Publication of CN102349395A publication Critical patent/CN102349395A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/26Devices for shaking trees or shrubs; Fruit catching devices to be used therewith

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of fruit harvest from fruit trees, and in particular to a machine for dry fruit (walnuts, Amygdalus communis L. and red dates) and nut harvest, belonging to the technical field of farm machinery. The oscillatory fruit and nut harvester is mainly composed of a driver cabin, an automatically travelling chassis, an extension arm, an oscillatory device, a hydraulic motor and a capture hand. The oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester is characterized in that the capture hand is hydraulically controlled to fix the tree trunk, and the hydraulic motor in the oscillatory device rotates rapidly to drive the capture hand into high-frequency vibration, thereby driving a branch to shake, and finally causing dry fruit or nuts to fall off the branch; and therefore the oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester disclosed by the invention has the advantages of high fruit picking rate, no harm to fruit, trunks and wattles, automatic travelling and the like, thereby alleviating labor intensity.

Description

Oscillatory type is done, the nut reaping machine
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to woods and really gather in the crops the field, relate in particular to a kind of machinery that dried, nut (walnut, Ba Danmu, red date etc.) are gathered in the crops, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
(2) technical background
Along with China; The particularly fast development of Xinjiang industry of planting forest or fruit tress; The process of industry of planting forest or fruit tress plantation industrialization, scale is also quickened day by day; Especially the industry pattern of farming of woods fruit also changes taking place; Some advantage area that is planted in of characteristic woods fruit has formed scale; But walnut, Ba Danmu, red date etc. are done, the results of nut still rely on manpower with the hands to pluck; Efficient is low; Labour intensity is big; Have a strong impact on and hindered the process that woods is really planted industrialization; Along with the continuous expansion of woods fruit cultivated area, the trend that has been inevitable is plucked in mechanization.
(3) summary of the invention
The technical problem that will solve of the present invention provides a kind ofly can satisfy that existing walnut, Ba Danmu, red date etc. are done, the fruit picking rate of nut demand is high, do not hinder fruit, do not hinder trunk and branch and have the harvest machinery of automatic walking function.To set bar through hydraulic control extracting hand and fix, the hydraulic motor high-speed rotation in the vibrating device drives and grasps the hand dither, shakes thereby drive branch, and dried, nut on the branch are come off, and has alleviated people's labour intensity greatly.
In order to realize above-mentioned purpose, the present invention realizes through following technical scheme: oscillatory type is done, the nut reaping machine is mainly by driver's cabin, walk chassis, extension arm, vibrating device, hydraulic motor, extracting hand etc. are formed automatically.Said driver's cabin is installed on the automatic walking chassis, is being equiped with extension arm on the walking chassis automatically, and described vibrating device is connected with extension arm through three universal hingings; Two of HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM vibrating device front ends grasp opening with closed of hand; Be equiped with hydraulic motor along two different directions in the described vibrating device; The hydraulic motor of two different directions installings drives vibrating device all around dither when high-speed rotation; Because vibrating device is connected with extension arm through universal hinging, so vibrating device can not influence the stationarity of whole facility in vibration processes.
Technique effect of the present invention is: realized that 1. mechanized harvest is done, nut, alleviated orchard worker's labour intensity, improved economic benefit greatly; 2. reaping machine can effectively be walked between fruit tree; 3. vibrating device can be realized efficient fruit picking under the situation of not hindering really, not hindering trunk and branch.
(4) description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is that oscillatory type is done, the structural representation of nut reaping machine.
Accompanying drawing 2 is vertical views.
(5) embodiment
Legend: 1-driver's cabin; The 2-frame; The 3-chassis of walking automatically; The 4-extension arm; The 5-vibrating device; The 6-hydraulic motor; The 7-universal hinging; 8-grasps hand.
Like Fig. 1, shown in 2, oscillatory type is done, the nut reaping machine mainly by driver's cabin 1, automatically walk chassis 3, frame 2, extension arm 4, vibrating device 5, hydraulic motor 7, grasp hand 8 etc. and form.Said driver's cabin 1, frame 2 are installed on the automatic walking chassis 3, are being equiped with extension arm 4 on the walking chassis 3 automatically, and described vibrating device 5 is connected with extension arm 4 through three universal hingings 7; Two of HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM vibrating device 5 front ends grasp opening with closed of hand 8; Be equiped with hydraulic motor 6 along two different directions in the described vibrating device 5; The hydraulic motor 6 of two different directions installings drives vibrating device 5 all around dithers when high-speed rotation; Because vibrating device 5 is connected with extension arm 4 through universal hinging 7, so vibrating device 5 can not influence the stationarity of whole facility in vibration processes.
During work; When doing, during nut harvester row to correct position, being elongated to through driver's cabin 1 push-button control system control extension arm 4 and grasping the position that hand 8 can be caught trunk, vibrating device 5 all around dithers; Shake thereby drive branch, dried, nut on the branch are come off.

Claims (5)

  1. An oscillatory type do, the nut reaping machine, it is characterized in that complete machine mainly by driver's cabin (1), automatically walk chassis (3), frame (2), extension arm (4), vibrating device (5), hydraulic motor (7), grasp hand (8) etc. and form.
  2. 2. oscillatory type according to claim 1 is done, the nut reaping machine, it is characterized in that being equiped with extension arm (4) on the walking chassis (3) automatically.
  3. 3. oscillatory type according to claim 1 is done, the nut reaping machine, it is characterized in that vibrating device (5) is connected with extension arm (4) through three universal hingings (7).
  4. 4. oscillatory type according to claim 1 is done, the nut reaping machine, it is characterized in that being equiped with hydraulic motor (6) along two different directions in the vibrating device (5).
  5. 5. oscillatory type according to claim 1 is done, the nut reaping machine, it is characterized in that vibrating device (5) front end has two to grasp hand (8).
CN2011103306373A 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester Pending CN102349395A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103306373A CN102349395A (en) 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103306373A CN102349395A (en) 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102349395A true CN102349395A (en) 2012-02-15

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011103306373A Pending CN102349395A (en) 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102349395A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2829170A1 (en) 2013-07-23 2015-01-28 Mehmet Celik Harvest machine for olive and similar fruits with adjustable fruit resonance vibration frequency
CN106258221A (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-01-04 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of fruit lossless results vibration device
CN108040607A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-05-18 扬州大学 One planting fruit-trees recovering device
CN109328787A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-02-15 吴开英 A kind of short trees accumulated snow in gardens shakes off equipment
CN113261429A (en) * 2021-06-23 2021-08-17 安徽农业大学 Intelligent walnut picking vehicle

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2049589B1 (en) * 1991-09-20 1996-12-01 Cooperativa Andaluza Electrome TREE VIBRATING MACHINE.
CN201243498Y (en) * 2008-07-08 2009-05-27 新疆农垦科学院农机研究所 Vibration type machine for picking fruit tree
CN201467711U (en) * 2009-07-04 2010-05-19 新疆农垦科学院机械装备研究所 Vibrating type fruit tree harvester
CN101982039A (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-03-02 南通市广益机电有限责任公司 Fruit picking machine
CN202374718U (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-08-15 马俊贵 Vibrating-type dry fruit and nut harvester

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2049589B1 (en) * 1991-09-20 1996-12-01 Cooperativa Andaluza Electrome TREE VIBRATING MACHINE.
CN201243498Y (en) * 2008-07-08 2009-05-27 新疆农垦科学院农机研究所 Vibration type machine for picking fruit tree
CN201467711U (en) * 2009-07-04 2010-05-19 新疆农垦科学院机械装备研究所 Vibrating type fruit tree harvester
CN101982039A (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-03-02 南通市广益机电有限责任公司 Fruit picking machine
CN202374718U (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-08-15 马俊贵 Vibrating-type dry fruit and nut harvester

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2829170A1 (en) 2013-07-23 2015-01-28 Mehmet Celik Harvest machine for olive and similar fruits with adjustable fruit resonance vibration frequency
CN106258221A (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-01-04 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of fruit lossless results vibration device
CN108040607A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-05-18 扬州大学 One planting fruit-trees recovering device
CN109328787A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-02-15 吴开英 A kind of short trees accumulated snow in gardens shakes off equipment
CN113261429A (en) * 2021-06-23 2021-08-17 安徽农业大学 Intelligent walnut picking vehicle

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20120215

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)