CN201467711U - Vibrating type fruit tree harvester - Google Patents

Vibrating type fruit tree harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201467711U
CN201467711U CN2009201403076U CN200920140307U CN201467711U CN 201467711 U CN201467711 U CN 201467711U CN 2009201403076 U CN2009201403076 U CN 2009201403076U CN 200920140307 U CN200920140307 U CN 200920140307U CN 201467711 U CN201467711 U CN 201467711U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit tree
hydraulic
tractor
vibration head
hanger bracket
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009201403076U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汤智辉
孟祥金
沈从举
贾首星
周艳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Machinery Equipment Research Institute Xinjiang Academy Of Land Reclaimable Sciences
Original Assignee
Machinery Equipment Research Institute Xinjiang Academy Of Land Reclaimable Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Machinery Equipment Research Institute Xinjiang Academy Of Land Reclaimable Sciences filed Critical Machinery Equipment Research Institute Xinjiang Academy Of Land Reclaimable Sciences
Priority to CN2009201403076U priority Critical patent/CN201467711U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201467711U publication Critical patent/CN201467711U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a vibrating type fruit tree harvester supporting a tractor of above 29.4kw (40hp). The vibrating type fruit tree harvester is suspended at the rear part of the tractor at three points and comprises a frame, a fruit tree shaking device and a hydraulic control system. The fruit tree shaking device is installed at the rear part of the frame, comprises a retractable supporting arm, a supporting casing, a T-shaped shaft sleeve, a vibrating head suspension bracket and a jaw-type vibrating head, and can carry out horizontal fruit harvesting operation relative to the advancing direction of the tractor. The hydraulic control system adopts a multi-way reversing valve control loop. The driving force of the hydraulic control system is supplied by the power output shaft PTO of the tractor. A hydraulic oil cylinder and a motor used to control all parts of the fruit tree shaking device to act are controlled by a multi-way reversing valve. The utility model has the advantages that the structure is compact and light, the vibrating type fruit tree harvester is particularly suitable for harvesting operation of a low and thick-planting orchard, the fruit harvesting efficiency is high and the operation is easy. The working principle of the vibrating type fruit tree harvester is that the jaw-type vibrating head clamps the trunk of a fruit tree, and the power transmission shaft of the tractor transmits power to the jaw-type vibrating head to drive the built-in eccentric wheel slewing gear of the vibrating head to push and shake the fruit tree to vibrate down fruits.

Description

A kind of oscillatory type fruit tree harvester
Affiliated technical field the utility model relates to a kind of orchard harvesting equipment, is a kind of oscillatory type fruit tree harvester specifically.
Background technology orchard harvest operation is a most important link in the orchard production overall process.Current, abroad some developed countries are except that apple, pears, and the orchard results adopt mechanization basically, wherein jolting method is the machine mining method of using at most, promptly catch trunk,, be applicable to most of dry fruits of gathering, nut and partly eat fruit raw by vibrating, shaking to cause drop fruit by metal hand.The efficient height of its mechanical harvesting, saving labour compare with artificial results, can raise labour productivity 4~11 times.And in China, the technology and equipment of fruit tree mechanical harvesting still belongs to blank, and fruit tree results are main to be relied on and manually pluck with hand getting and auxiliary by simple tool, and labour intensity is big, the amount of labour used is many, accounts for about 50% of the amount of labour used in the production process of orchard, and results efficient is generally low; From existing product structure, more advanced aid also only is semi-automatic, multiduty high fruit tree fruit picker, and the overall technology level is lower, all is manually control in operation.
Summary of the invention for improve fruit tree gather efficient, save the labour, realize the mechanization fruit picking, the utility model provides a kind of and the oscillatory type fruit tree harvester above tractor of 29.4kw (40hp), this machine advantages of compact and light structure, suit especially at the fruit picking operation of the orchard of short dense planting, fruit picking efficient height and easy operating.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopted is: complete machine is made up of frame, fruit tree jolting device and hydraulic control system, adopts and be not less than the connected mode that articulates behind the tractor of 29.4kw.Fruit tree jolting device is installed in the frame rear portion, link to each other with frame by hinged, the action of its clamping and jolting fruit tree is operated by hydraulic control system, and the tractor direction of advance is carried out horizontal fruit picking operation relatively, and hydraulic control system adopts the multiple directional control valve control loop.
Above-mentioned frame comprises hanger bracket, supporting leg, splined shaft bearing block assembly, hydraulic oil pipe support, hydraulic pump gripper shoe, its splined shaft bearing block assembly is welded on the hanger bracket front end cross beam, splined shaft one end on the bearing block links to each other with the tractor dynamic power power transmission shaft, one end links to each other with the hydraulic pump power transmission shaft, to guarantee the hydraulic pump running steadily.
Above-mentioned fruit tree jolting device comprises telescopic boom, supporting sleeve, T oblique crank Z cover, vibration head hanger bracket and jaw type vibration head, and its supporting sleeve one end is laterally hinged with on the frame rear end crossbeam, and an end is supported and controlled it by a lifting hydraulic jack and moves up and down; The telescopic boom edge is enclosed within the supporting sleeve, is provided with a push-and-pull hydraulic jack between supporting sleeve and telescopic boom, is slided in flexible straight-arm front and back in supporting sleeve; The vibration head hanger bracket is hinged on telescopic arm foremost by T oblique crank Z cover, is provided with a transverse hydraulic oil cylinder between telescopic arm and T oblique crank Z cover, can make the elevating movement up and down of vibration head hanger bracket; Between vibration head hanger bracket and T oblique crank Z cover, be provided with a vertical hydraulic jack, can make vibration head hanger bracket left and right sides yaw motion; The jaw type vibration head is parallel to be suspended under the vibration head hanger bracket, which is provided with hydraulic jack and a hydraulic motor that drives built-in eccentric wheel slew gear motion that a manipulation clamp opens and closes.
Above-mentioned hydraulic control system comprises hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor, hydraulic jack, multiple directional control valve, choke valve, hydraulic oil container, hydraulic oil pipe and joint etc., the driving force of hydraulic control system is supplied with by tractor motive power output shaft PTO, drive the hydraulic pump works of hydraulic oil container below by linking to each other with splined shaft on the bearing block, hydraulic pump links to each other with multiple directional control valve, control each hydraulic jack and hydraulic motor action by multiple directional control valve, multiple directional control valve is installed on the tractor rear drive sprocket protective cover in driver left side, so that driver's operation control valve handle.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: earlier with jaw type vibration head clamping trunk, give the jaw type vibration head by tractor motive power output shaft PTO transferring power then, the built-in eccentric wheel slew gear of driving vibration head pushes away and shakes fruit tree, makes fruit shake.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: articulate behind this machine and the tractor, it is convenient to install; Compact integral structure is convenient to the orchard operation; People of driver just can operate this machine, and mobility is good, fruit picking speed is fast, and the mechanical oscillation of harvester can not destroy trees; Effectively mechanically actuated has replaced artificial harvesting, thereby saves the labour, improves results efficient.
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing for description of drawings.
Fig. 1 is the front view of the utility model oscillatory type fruit tree harvester structure.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the utility model oscillatory type fruit tree harvester structure.
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1 mid frame, fuel tank and hydraulic pump.
1. jaw type vibration head among the figure, 2. vibration head hanger bracket, 3. transverse hydraulic oil cylinder, 4. support arm sleeve pipe, 5. push-and-pull hydraulic jack, 6. telescopic boom, 7. lifting hydraulic jack, 8. supporting leg, 9. hydraulic pump, 10. hydraulic pump gripper shoe, 11. frame hanger brackets, 12. the hydraulic oil pipe support, 13. hydraulic motors, 14. clamps open and close hydraulic jack, 15. vertical hydraulic jack, 16.T oblique crank Z cover, 17. hydraulic oil containers, 18. bearing block, 19. splined shafts, 20. multiple directional control valves.
Embodiment as shown in the figure, complete machine by frame hanger bracket (11) be not less than the tractor of 29.4kw after articulate, four supporting legs (8) are installed in bottom the hanger bracket (11).Support arm sleeve pipe (4) one ends of fruit tree jolting device are laterally hinged with on the end floor beam of frame hanger bracket (11) back, the other end is supported by the lifting hydraulic jack (7) on the frame hanger bracket (11), the action of this oil cylinder can make support arm sleeve pipe (4) raise or reduction around pin joint, and fruit tree jolting device is whole to raise or reduction thereby make; Telescopic boom (6) edge is enclosed within the support arm sleeve pipe (4), by the action of push-and-pull hydraulic jack (5) make telescopic boom (6) support arm sleeve pipe (4) in before and after slip; Vibration head hanger bracket (2) is hinged on telescopic boom (6) foremost by T oblique crank Z cover (16), under the effect of transverse hydraulic oil cylinder (3), vibration head hanger bracket (2) can be around T oblique crank Z cover (16) pitching up and down ± 45 °, under the effect of vertical hydraulic jack (15), vibration head hanger bracket (2) can be around T oblique crank Z cover (16) left and right sides deflection ± 45 °; Jaw type vibration head (1) is parallel to be suspended under this hanger bracket (2), jaw type vibration head (1) can move up and down with support arm sleeve pipe (4), can move forward and backward with telescopic boom (6), with hanger bracket (2) pitching up and down, left and right sides yaw motion, a plurality of direction motions of jaw type vibration head (1) can guarantee that itself and trunk or limb clamping meet at right angles.The effect of jaw type vibration head (1) is clamping trunk or limb and vibration is passed to fruit tree, a nonequilibrium eccentric wheel slew gear is arranged in its clamp housing, drive and vibrate by the outer hydraulic motor (13) of housing, the switching of vibration head clamp is handled by hydraulic jack (14), but the fruit tree of 8~20 centimetres of clamping tree-walks.Above-mentioned hydraulic jack and hydraulic motor all operations are controlled by the multiple directional control valve in the hydraulic control system (20), its driving force is supplied with by the tractor dynamic power power transmission shaft, hydraulic pump (9) work that drives hydraulic oil container (17) below by linking to each other with splined shaft (19) on the bearing block (18), hydraulic pump (9) is installed on the gripper shoe (10) on the frame hanger bracket (11), links to each other with hydraulic oil container (17), multiple directional control valve (20).

Claims (3)

1. oscillatory type fruit tree harvester, form by frame, fruit tree jolting device and hydraulic control system, it is characterized in that: this machine trifilar suspension is after being not less than the 29.4kw tractor, the relative tractor direction of advance of fruit tree jolting device laterally is installed on the frame, comprises telescopic boom, supporting sleeve, T oblique crank Z cover, vibration head hanger bracket and jaw type vibration head; Hydraulic control system adopts the multiple directional control valve control loop.
2. oscillatory type fruit tree harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that: supporting sleeve one end of fruit tree jolting device is laterally hinged with on the frame rear end crossbeam, and the other end is supported by a lifting hydraulic jack on the frame; The telescopic boom edge is enclosed within the supporting sleeve, is provided with a push-and-pull hydraulic jack between supporting sleeve and telescopic boom; The vibration head hanger bracket is hinged on telescopic arm foremost by T oblique crank Z cover, between telescopic arm and T oblique crank Z cover, be provided with one and make the vibration head hanger bracket transverse hydraulic oil cylinder of elevating movement up and down, between vibration head hanger bracket and T oblique crank Z cover, be provided with a vertical hydraulic jack that makes vibration head hanger bracket left and right sides yaw motion; The jaw type vibration head is parallel to be suspended under the vibration head hanger bracket, which is provided with hydraulic jack and a hydraulic motor that drives built-in eccentric wheel slew gear vibration that a manipulation clamp opens and closes; Above-mentioned hydraulic jack and hydraulic motor all operations are controlled by multiple directional control valve.
3. oscillatory type fruit tree harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on the crossbeam of frame hanger bracket front end, be welded with a splined shaft bearing block assembly, splined shaft one end on the bearing block links to each other with the tractor dynamic power power transmission shaft, and an end links to each other with the hydraulic pump power transmission shaft.
CN2009201403076U 2009-07-04 2009-07-04 Vibrating type fruit tree harvester Expired - Fee Related CN201467711U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201403076U CN201467711U (en) 2009-07-04 2009-07-04 Vibrating type fruit tree harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201403076U CN201467711U (en) 2009-07-04 2009-07-04 Vibrating type fruit tree harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201467711U true CN201467711U (en) 2010-05-19

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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CN (1) CN201467711U (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101982039A (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-03-02 南通市广益机电有限责任公司 Fruit picking machine
CN102246636A (en) * 2011-06-15 2011-11-23 浙江农林大学 Portable walnut picking device
CN102349395A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-02-15 马俊贵 Oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester
CN102668816A (en) * 2012-05-09 2012-09-19 中南林业科技大学 Vibratory picking head for picking oil-tea camerallia fruits
CN102718174A (en) * 2012-07-03 2012-10-10 新疆农垦科学院 Orchard self-propelled lifting operation platform
ES2390550A1 (en) * 2010-09-06 2012-11-14 Antonio De Lara Cruz Vibration equipment for the collection of olives and other fruits (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN103250522A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-08-21 石河子大学 Fruit harvester
CN104094734A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-15 中南林业科技大学 Vibration pickup head and vibration and amplitude adjusting method for oscillating type vibration pickup head
CN106385978A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 机械科学研究院浙江分院有限公司 Energy-saving vibrating portable picking machine
CN106416623A (en) * 2016-10-15 2017-02-22 北京林业大学 Vehicle-mounted vibration excitation type picking arm for fresh soapberry fruit
CN108040598A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-05-18 张正 A kind of multi-functional agriculture picking vehicle
CN112088654A (en) * 2020-10-26 2020-12-18 中南林业科技大学 Fruit harvester
CN112205165A (en) * 2020-09-17 2021-01-12 昆明理工大学 Handheld coffee fruit picking machine

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2390550A1 (en) * 2010-09-06 2012-11-14 Antonio De Lara Cruz Vibration equipment for the collection of olives and other fruits (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN101982039A (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-03-02 南通市广益机电有限责任公司 Fruit picking machine
CN102246636B (en) * 2011-06-15 2014-01-15 浙江农林大学 Portable walnut picking device
CN102246636A (en) * 2011-06-15 2011-11-23 浙江农林大学 Portable walnut picking device
CN102349395A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-02-15 马俊贵 Oscillatory dry fruit and nut harvester
CN102668816A (en) * 2012-05-09 2012-09-19 中南林业科技大学 Vibratory picking head for picking oil-tea camerallia fruits
CN102718174B (en) * 2012-07-03 2014-07-16 新疆农垦科学院 Orchard self-propelled lifting operation platform
CN102718174A (en) * 2012-07-03 2012-10-10 新疆农垦科学院 Orchard self-propelled lifting operation platform
CN103250522A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-08-21 石河子大学 Fruit harvester
CN104094734A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-15 中南林业科技大学 Vibration pickup head and vibration and amplitude adjusting method for oscillating type vibration pickup head
CN106385978A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 机械科学研究院浙江分院有限公司 Energy-saving vibrating portable picking machine
CN106385978B (en) * 2016-08-31 2019-03-29 机械科学研究院浙江分院有限公司 The energy saving portable picking machine of vibration-type
CN106416623A (en) * 2016-10-15 2017-02-22 北京林业大学 Vehicle-mounted vibration excitation type picking arm for fresh soapberry fruit
CN106416623B (en) * 2016-10-15 2018-06-01 北京林业大学 A kind of vehicle-mounted excitation type soapberry fresh fruit Picker arm
CN108040598A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-05-18 张正 A kind of multi-functional agriculture picking vehicle
CN112205165A (en) * 2020-09-17 2021-01-12 昆明理工大学 Handheld coffee fruit picking machine
CN112205165B (en) * 2020-09-17 2021-08-24 昆明理工大学 Handheld coffee fruit picking machine
CN112088654A (en) * 2020-10-26 2020-12-18 中南林业科技大学 Fruit harvester

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100519

Termination date: 20140704

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model