CN102265762A - Method for introducing gas, supplying water and replenishing nutrition in greenhouse and structure thereof - Google Patents

Method for introducing gas, supplying water and replenishing nutrition in greenhouse and structure thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102265762A
CN102265762A CN2010101946597A CN201010194659A CN102265762A CN 102265762 A CN102265762 A CN 102265762A CN 2010101946597 A CN2010101946597 A CN 2010101946597A CN 201010194659 A CN201010194659 A CN 201010194659A CN 102265762 A CN102265762 A CN 102265762A
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China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
ventilation
nutrients
infiltrating irrigation
supplements
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Pending
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CN2010101946597A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆振冈
曹建华
黄世铭
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陆振冈
曹建华
黄世铭
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Application filed by 陆振冈, 曹建华, 黄世铭 filed Critical 陆振冈
Priority to CN2010101946597A priority Critical patent/CN102265762A/en
Publication of CN102265762A publication Critical patent/CN102265762A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for introducing gas, supplying water and replenishing nutrition in a greenhouse and a structure thereof. The method comprises the following steps of: a, ditching: digging a plurality of trenches on the ground after preparing soil of the greenhouse, and imbedding liquid microbial agents and organic matrixes in the trenches to form an organic matrix rotten reactor; b, laying pipes: embedding infiltrating irrigation pipeline systems in the organic matrix rotten reactor and covering soil on the infiltrating irrigation pipeline systems; c, planting: planting crops on the soil; and d, replenishing and adjusting: introducing gas, replenishing liquid or adjusting environment factors through infiltrating irrigation pipelines so as to satisfy the rotten conversion of the organic matrix rotten reactor and growth needs of the crops. The greenhouse constructed according to the steps has the advantage of providing an environment for the crops to grow more easily.

Description

Greenhouse ventilation feedwater and the method and the structure thereof that supplement the nutrients
Technical field
The invention relates to a kind of greenhouse ventilation, feedwater of booth and method and the structure thereof that supplements the nutrients, the plantation production that is suitable for using fruit tree, vegetables, Chinese herbal medicine and the vanilla class in soil depletion and severe cold area greenhouse especially.
Background technology
For crops, using fertilizer to replenish soil nutrient is common crop yield mode to satisfy the crop growth demand, and common chemical fertilizer belongs to the short-term fertilizer of quick-acting, have advantages such as easy to use, that effect is rapid, only can provide fixing nutrient component when it is applied to soil, for example potassium chloride only provides chlorion and potassium ion.But use chemical fertilizer for a long time, easily make the plant nutrition unbalanced supply-demand, also may cause groundwater contamination, environmental ecology is damaged.
Microbial manure then belongs to the long-term fertilizer of slow, except reducing the using of a large amount of chemical fertilizer, also has and can reduce the soil deterioration, improves advantages such as soil structure.Microbial manure is meant and contains certain living microorganism powdery or aqueous preparation, when being applied to crop and soil, except the effect that can improve crop absorption nutrient, also can replenish useful micro organism quantity, make soil keep good ecotope, and the heat that is produced in the fermentation process also can increase the tolerance to cold of crops.
With Chinese northern area is example, and severe cold often makes crops can't satisfy this season supply requirement very long winter.Many in the past by storage as the mode of supplying vegetables winter, so this kind mode except that the transportation grade expends considerable, the quality of vegetables also very easily is affected.Be solution winter vegetable problem, but some areas establish the greenhouse of culturing vegetable, but still be defeated by the powerful influence of weather vegetable growth.Also therefore, plant in plant such as the abominable regional vegetables and fruits of environmental condition, Chinese herbal medicines, easily because of cold its growth rate that influences.
At present, using microbe is in the biological straw nuclear reactor art of green house, and its method is ditching, lay organic substrate, spill microorganism fungus kind, earthing, water, burrowing on the soil of bioreactor is main planting type.Yet this method has temperature in the plastic greenhouse, soil table to heat instability, and the bioreactor upper vent hole stops up easily, cause that air, moisture, liquid microbial preparation, nutrient solution, insect inhibitor etc. replenish to be difficult for etc. shortcoming, cause the organic substance aerobic fermentation in the bioreactor incomplete, make soil temperature raising poor effect, gas concentration lwevel instability and become thoroughly decomposed incomplete.As desire to make the bioreactor aerobic fermentation more efficient, microorganism formulation kind and the growth of microorganism environment that is fit to, all can make the movable fully and breeding of microorganism, fermentation and the decomposition that also can strengthen organic substrate are become thoroughly decomposed, and temperature, gas concentration lwevel and the nutrient of soil are increased.Therefore how to continue to replenish microorganism, moisture, nutrient and improve throughput, become the present using microbe method of becoming thoroughly decomposed and needed locating of improvement badly with the organic substrate that the improves bioreactor transformation efficiency that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
The inventor is because every disappearance that traditional green house bioreactor technology is derived, method and structure thereof that phase can provide the ventilation of a kind of greenhouse, feedwater and supplement the nutrients, be to grind think of, design team's system with great concentration, to provide the plantation family to use, desire to grind the utility model motivation person of wound for the present invention with popular.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is in the greenhouse ventilation, the feedwater that provide a kind of effective promotion organic substance to become thoroughly decomposed degree and the fine adjustment soil and the climatic environment factor and the method that supplements the nutrients.
Secondary objective of the present invention is providing a kind of improve temperature and greenhouse ventilation, the feedwater of soil temperature, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient and plant immune stimulus and the method that supplements the nutrients in the green house.
Another object of the present invention, provide a kind of can constant liquid make-up and throughput regulation and control organic substrate reactor conversions, intertillage turning the structure of becoming thoroughly decomposed of becoming thoroughly decomposed with the greenhouse ventilation, feedwater and the extra-nutrition that help crop growth.
A further object of the present invention is providing a kind of gas concentration lwevel that increases to promote photosynthesis to reach with microbial metabolic products stimulating plant immune system, and then is reducing the structure of greenhouse ventilation, feedwater, additional microorganism and the nutrition of agricultural chemicals and fertilizer use.
Another purpose of the present invention is providing a kind of greenhouse ventilation, feedwater in conjunction with sensing type microcomputer system and plant growth lamp and the method that supplements the nutrients to control organic substance become thoroughly decomposed degree and the fine adjustment soil and the climatic environment factor to see through automatic sensing.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention comprises the following step: a, trench digging: dig in ground behind the whole ground, greenhouse and establish the multiple tracks groove, liquid microbial preparation and organic substrate are inserted in the groove formation organic substrate reactor that becomes thoroughly decomposed; B, pipe laying: in becoming thoroughly decomposed reactor, above-mentioned organic substrate buries the infiltrating irrigation pipeline underground, and mulching soil thereon; C, plantation: crops are planted on soil; And d, replenish and regulate: see through the ventilation of infiltrating irrigation pipeline, liquid make-up or regulate envirment factor and transform and different crop growth demands to meet organic substrate the becoming thoroughly decomposed of reactor of becoming thoroughly decomposed.Greenhouse according to the above-mentioned steps construction is to have the advantage that makes the easier growth of crops.
The method of the ventilation of aforesaid greenhouse, feedwater and extra-nutrition, this organic substrate be, fowl and animal excrement surplus for stalk, straw, wood chip, bark, mud, lake, rivers and creeks subsoil, kitchen wherein any.
The ventilation of aforesaid greenhouse, feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients, this liquid be for water, the aqueous solution, liquid microbial preparation, liquid fertilizer, trace element water-soluble liquid, insect inhibitor or absorb water the macromolecule aqueous solution wherein any.
The ventilation of aforesaid greenhouse, feedwater and the structure that supplements the nutrients, this water pump be see through infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system transmission water, the aqueous solution, liquid microbial preparation, liquid fertilizer, trace element water-soluble liquid, insect inhibitor or absorb water the macromolecule aqueous solution wherein any.
The ventilation of aforesaid greenhouse, feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients, the thickness of soil that is covered on this infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system is preferable with 10~30cm.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, greenhouse of the present invention ventilation, feedwater and the structure that supplements the nutrients, comprise: a high-pressure pump, a water pump and an infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system, this infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system is provided with a person in charge, this is responsible for, and an end sees through control valve and high-pressure pump, water pump link, this is responsible for the flowmeter of holding in addition in conjunction with an adjusting infiltrating irrigation piping flow, be responsible for terminal simultaneously in conjunction with a plug, again, this is responsible between flowmeter and plug is to have at least one infiltrating irrigation pipe, this infiltrating irrigation pipe front end utilizes joint to be connected with the person in charge, and its end then is combined with plug.
The structure of the ventilation of aforesaid greenhouse, feedwater and extra-nutrition, this infiltrating irrigation pipe be for vitrified-clay pipe, dirt pipe, pipe of concrete, metal tube, plastic cement pipe and rubber tube wherein any.
The ventilation of aforesaid greenhouse, feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients, be further (to control computer in being meant and to see through programmable logic controller (PLC) (Programmable logiccontrollers with the sensor microcomputer system, PLC) reach immediately monitoring, warning system and the instant decision-making of artificial intelligence with automation control with temperature, humidity, carbonic acid gas, oxygen and pH inductor (sensor)) and the plant growth lamp device link to each other, to be more conducive to control organic substrate become thoroughly decomposed degree, fine adjustment soil and the climatic environment factor.
The present invention compared to the outstanding advantage of prior art is:
1, infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system is embedded in organic substrate and becomes thoroughly decomposed in the reactor, this infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system spreads liquid or the gas by high-pressure pump, water pump provided, with ventilation, feedwater and supply nutrient, help the organic substrate reactor conversion of becoming thoroughly decomposed of becoming thoroughly decomposed, to satisfy the growth demand of crops.
2, meeting produces the metabolite that heat, carbonic acid gas and inducing plant produce immune resistance in fermentation process of this conversion of becoming thoroughly decomposed, except that improving temperature in the booth, surface temperature, reaching the increase gas concentration lwevel to carry out photosynthesis.
3, liquid microbial preparation, liquid fertilizer, trace element water-soluble liquid, insect inhibitor or the suction macromolecule aqueous solution etc. can be added in the nutrient solution in addition, diffuse to the organic substrate reactor that becomes thoroughly decomposed, conversion to see through the infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system so that organic substrate becomes thoroughly decomposed more fast or effectively.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a block flow diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the action schematic diagram of structure of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
The a-trench digging; The b-pipe laying; The c-plantation; D-replenishes and regulates; The 10-high-pressure pump; The 20-water pump; 30-infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system; 301-is responsible for; The 302-control valve; The 303-flowmeter; The 304-joint; 305-infiltrating irrigation pipe; The 306-plug; The 307-plug.
Embodiment
With specific embodiment the present invention is further described below:
Please join Fig. 1, greenhouse ventilation, feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients include following steps:
A, trench digging: dig in ground behind the whole ground, greenhouse and establish the multiple tracks groove, and liquid microbial preparation and organic substrate are inserted in the groove formation organic substrate reactor that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
B, pipe laying: in becoming thoroughly decomposed reactor, above-mentioned organic substrate buries the infiltrating irrigation pipeline underground, and mulching soil thereon;
C, plantation: crops are planted on soil; And
D, replenish and regulate: see through the ventilation of infiltrating irrigation pipeline, liquid make-up or regulate envirment factor and become thoroughly decomposed and transform and the crop growth demand to meet the organic substrate reactor that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
This organic substrate is surplus including but not limited to: stalk, straw, wood chip, bark, mud, lake, rivers and creeks subsoil, kitchen, fowl and animal excrement any.
The greenhouse ventilation of using the above-mentioned steps construction to go out, feedwater and the structure that supplements the nutrients, consist predominantly of: a high-pressure pump 10, one water pump 20 and an infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system 30, this infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system 30 is to be provided with one to be responsible for 301, this is responsible for 301 1 ends and sees through Y type control valve 302 and high-pressure pump 10 and water pump 20 bindings, this is responsible for 301 flowmeters of holding in addition in conjunction with an adjusting piping flow 303, be responsible for 301 ends simultaneously in conjunction with a plug 306, again, this person in charge 301 is combined with at least one infiltrating irrigation pipe 305 between flowmeter 303 and plug 306, these infiltrating irrigation pipe 305 front ends utilize joint 304 to be connected with the person in charge 301, these infiltrating irrigation pipe 305 ends then are combined with plug 307, as shown in Figure 2, this infiltrating irrigation pipe 305 is a vitrified-clay pipe, the dirt pipe, pipe of concrete, metal tube, in plastic cement pipe or the rubber tube any.
This person in charge 301 is provided with 10 infiltrating irrigation pipes 305 in the embodiment of the invention, the cultivating soil in this greenhouse is offered the groove of respective amount, and organic substrate inserted among each road groove, the organic substrate of present embodiment is to be stalk, to form the organic substrate reactor that becomes thoroughly decomposed, the organic substrate of again each infiltrating irrigation pipe 305 being inserted each road groove becomes thoroughly decomposed in the stalk layer of reactor, on becoming thoroughly decomposed reactor and infiltrating irrigation pipe 305, organic substrate covers the soil of 10~30cm, on soil, plant crops again, and utilize high-pressure pump 10 to regulate throughput in the soil horizon, 20 on this water pump is for providing liquid, and this nutrient solution is to be water, the aqueous solution, the liquid microbial preparation, liquid fertilizer, trace element water-soluble liquid, the insect inhibitor or the suction macromolecule aqueous solution any.Mat infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system 30 is sprayed liquid microorganism formulation simultaneously, straw produces nutrient supply soil cultivation crops through microbial fermentation, in the fermentation process of whole straw, can produce heat energy and reach the effect that heats, moreover, also can improve carbonic acid gas output in the fermentation process, promote photosynthesis.Organic substance after decomposing not only can be used as the usefulness of plant nutrition, and root system of plant plant immune excitor substance also can be provided, and strengthens the immunocompetence of crops own, and agricultural chemicals is used in opposing pathogenic bacterial infection and then minimizing.
In another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the booth straw that carries out with greenhouse ventilation, feedwater and the structure of the extra-nutrition elevated temperature test that becomes thoroughly decomposed.In the present embodiment, the greenhouse is after ventilating two hours every day, and the scope that greenhouse temperature increases is 1~10 ℃, and the preferably is 2~8 ℃, and better person is 3~5.8 ℃; And be embedded with the soil of infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system, and after ventilating two hours every day, the scope that soil temperature increases is 1~6 ℃, the preferably is 1.7~2.4 ℃.
The ventilation of aforesaid greenhouse, feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients, be further (to control computer in being meant and to see through programmable logic controller (PLC) (Programmable logiccontrollers with the sensor microcomputer system, PLC) reach immediately monitoring, warning system and the instant decision-making of artificial intelligence with automation control with temperature, humidity, carbonic acid gas, oxygen and pH inductor (sensor)) and the plant growth lamp device link to each other, to be more conducive to control organic substance become thoroughly decomposed degree, fine adjustment soil and the climatic environment factor.
The above, it only is preferred embodiment mode of the present invention, be not in order to limit interest field of the present invention, any this area know the knowledgeable usually, after considering the technical descriptioon that the present invention as above discloses in light of actual conditions, carry out not rewriting, modification departing from the technology of the present invention spirit, or the impartial design variation of being done according to claim scope of the present invention such as, the technology that all should be this case contains.

Claims (9)

1. a greenhouse ventilation is fed water and the method that supplements the nutrients, and it is characterized in that, comprises the following step:
A, trench digging: dig in ground behind the whole ground, greenhouse and establish the multiple tracks groove, and organic substrate inserted form the organic substrate reactor that becomes thoroughly decomposed in the groove;
B, pipe laying: in becoming thoroughly decomposed reactor, above-mentioned organic substrate buries the infiltrating irrigation pipeline underground, and mulching soil thereon;
C, plantation: crops are planted on soil; And
D, replenish and regulate: see through the ventilation of infiltrating irrigation pipeline, liquid make-up or regulate envirment factor and become thoroughly decomposed and transform and the crop growth demand to meet the organic substrate reactor that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
2. greenhouse according to claim 1 ventilation feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients is characterized in that, this organic substrate is that stalk, straw, wood chip, bark, mud, lake, rivers and creeks subsoil, kitchen are surplus, in the fowl and animal excrement any.
3. greenhouse according to claim 1 ventilation feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients, it is characterized in that, this liquid be in water, the aqueous solution, liquid microbial preparation, liquid fertilizer, trace element water-soluble liquid, insect inhibitor, the suction macromolecule aqueous solution any.
4. greenhouse according to claim 1 ventilation feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients is characterized in that, this envirment factor be oxygen concentration, gas concentration lwevel, soil temperature, pH-value, greenhouse temperature wherein any.
5. greenhouse according to claim 1 ventilation feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients is characterized in that this soil temperature adjustable range is to be 1~6 ℃, and greenhouse temperature adjustable range is to be 1~10 ℃.
6. greenhouse according to claim 1 ventilation feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients is characterized in that irritating the soil that is covered on the pipeline in this pipe laying step is 10~30cm.
7. greenhouse according to claim 1 ventilation feedwater and the method that supplements the nutrients, it is characterized in that, replenishing and regulating of d step further links to each other with sensor microcomputer system and plant growth lamp device, to control organic substance become thoroughly decomposed degree, fine adjustment soil and the climatic environment factor.
8. a greenhouse ventilation is fed water and the structure that supplements the nutrients, it is characterized in that, comprise: a high-pressure pump, a water pump and an infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system, this infiltrating irrigation pipe-line system is provided with a person in charge, this is responsible for, and an end sees through control valve and high-pressure pump, water pump link, this is responsible for the flowmeter of holding in addition in conjunction with an adjusting piping flow, be responsible for terminal simultaneously in conjunction with a plug, again, this is responsible between flowmeter and plug is to have at least one infiltrating irrigation pipe, this infiltrating irrigation pipe front end utilizes joint to be connected with the person in charge, and its end then is combined with plug.
9. greenhouse according to claim 8 ventilation feedwater and the structure that supplements the nutrients is characterized in that, this infiltrating irrigation pipe be in vitrified-clay pipe, dirt pipe, pipe of concrete, metal tube, plastic cement pipe and the rubber tube any.
CN2010101946597A 2010-06-07 2010-06-07 Method for introducing gas, supplying water and replenishing nutrition in greenhouse and structure thereof Pending CN102265762A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783384A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-11-21 高军 Crop rhizospheric soil conditioning system and conditioning method thereof
CN103535249A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-29 重庆示展科技发展中心 Organic-soil bletilla planting farm
CN103535251A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-29 重庆示展科技发展中心 Sealwort and grape complex organic farm
CN103535250A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-29 重庆示展科技发展中心 Pinelia ternata and grape organic planting composite farm
CN103535252A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-29 重庆示展科技发展中心 Compound organic-soil planting farm
CN103583328A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Pinellia ternate and tomato organic composite farm
CN103583203A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Organic-soil tomato farm
CN103583349A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Organic bletilla striata and tomato composite farm
CN106069619A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-11-09 刘德民 Slight irrigation underground heat with straw agricultural crop straw as carrier and ventilation water-saving system
CN106105695A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 中国农业科学院农业经济与发展研究所 Heliogreenhouse water-saving fertilizer-saving infiltration irrigation technology
CN106258142A (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-01-04 上海环垦生态科技股份有限公司 Fruit tree water-fertilizer integral fertilizing method
CN106489700A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-03-15 山东旺盛园林股份有限公司 A kind of cutting propagation seedbed

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783384A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-11-21 高军 Crop rhizospheric soil conditioning system and conditioning method thereof
CN103535249A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-29 重庆示展科技发展中心 Organic-soil bletilla planting farm
CN103535251A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-29 重庆示展科技发展中心 Sealwort and grape complex organic farm
CN103535250A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-29 重庆示展科技发展中心 Pinelia ternata and grape organic planting composite farm
CN103535252A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-29 重庆示展科技发展中心 Compound organic-soil planting farm
CN103583328A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Pinellia ternate and tomato organic composite farm
CN103583203A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Organic-soil tomato farm
CN103583349A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Organic bletilla striata and tomato composite farm
CN106069619A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-11-09 刘德民 Slight irrigation underground heat with straw agricultural crop straw as carrier and ventilation water-saving system
CN106105695A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 中国农业科学院农业经济与发展研究所 Heliogreenhouse water-saving fertilizer-saving infiltration irrigation technology
CN106258142A (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-01-04 上海环垦生态科技股份有限公司 Fruit tree water-fertilizer integral fertilizing method
CN106489700A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-03-15 山东旺盛园林股份有限公司 A kind of cutting propagation seedbed

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