CN102187920A - Method for preparing gold-flower Puer tea by inoculating fungus microorganisms - Google Patents

Method for preparing gold-flower Puer tea by inoculating fungus microorganisms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102187920A
CN102187920A CN2011101701490A CN201110170149A CN102187920A CN 102187920 A CN102187920 A CN 102187920A CN 2011101701490 A CN2011101701490 A CN 2011101701490A CN 201110170149 A CN201110170149 A CN 201110170149A CN 102187920 A CN102187920 A CN 102187920A
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tea
golden flower
puer tea
growing dim
flower
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牛乃秀
彭雪萍
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牛乃秀
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Abstract

The invention provides a method for preparing gold-flower Puer tea by inoculating fungus microorganisms. The method is characterized in that: by the means of inoculating mixed fungi which are mainly eurotium cristatum and adding a fermentation promoter, the blooming of the Puer tea is realized, and the gold-flower Puer tea with gold flowers is prepared. In the production process of the Puer tea, besides of the non-dominant bacteria of the eurotium cristatum, the dominant bacteria including the Puer tea such as aspergillus niger, penicillium notatum, rhizopus and microzyme are also inoculated; and in addition, the fermentation promoter is also added, so that not only the bacteria can be quickly bred, but also the operation and control are convenient; and the tea leaves are fermented and uniformly aged and stable in quality. The gold-flower Puer tea prepared by the method has the advantages that: the beneficial effects of the Puer tea and the eurotium cristatum are perfectly combined; the tea is red, thick and bright and has pure aroma and a mellow taste; other health-care effects are further improved; and the quality is improved in essence compared with traditional Puer tea.

Description

A kind of inoculated fungi microbe is made the method for golden flower Pu'er tea
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of golden flower Pu'er tea preparation method, being specially a kind of is the method that main mixed fungus microorganism is made the golden flower Pu'er tea by the diffusing capsule bacterium of inoculation coronoid process, belongs to the Pu'er tea processing technique field.
Background technology
Pu'er tea, one of black tea of bar shaped is made with the bright leaf of big-leaf species in yunnan, because of the southern regions of the Yunnan Province, tealeaves that South-West Yunnan is produced are all collecting and distributing in Pu'er county in history, so name with Pu'er.Pu'er tea not only soup look ruddy is bright, and taste returns sweet, the pure and strong agalloch eaglewood of smell, but also have clearing heat and detoxicating, promote the production of body fluid to quench thirst, the warm stomach that is good for the stomach produces refreshing effect to the mind, multiple efficacies such as reducing blood lipid, norcholesterol, fat-reducing, anticancer, anti-cancer, it is healthy that long-term drinking is of value to, and is rare health quality goods.According to different processing methods, often the Pu'er tea branch is made a living two kinds of tea and ripe tea.Give birth to tea through complete, knead, air dry, steaming is molded and get, then can natural maturity after the natural ageing more than at least 5 years; Ripe tea is with solar dried green tea, through behind about 50~60 days ground pile-fermentation, again through thorough cut, dry, pack and stack the ageing and getting of continuing to store in a warehouse.No matter be to give birth to tea or ripe tea, the storage digestion time is long more, and its quality is good more, and taste is got over agalloch eaglewood, and reserve value is high more.Grow golden flower in Aged Pu 'er Tea tea party very of a specified duration, the Pu'er tea of this golden flower of growing shows as mouthfeel on quality more dulcification is sliding sweet refreshing, and the soup look redder is gorgeous bright, can eliminate rapidly and produce several years difficult " the heap flavors " that loose in thick blue or green flavor and the fermentation.According to another discovering that the real golden flower of Pu'er tea is a kind of aspergillus cristatus, but may be because the Pseudomonas under this aspergillus cristatus does not belong to dominant bacteria in Pu'er tea after fermentation process, the Pu'er tea that therefore can grow golden flower is extremely rare, and its value is also considerable.The probability why Pu'er tea grows golden flower is lower, trace it to its cause is or not superiority bacteria spp in Pu'er tea because can grow the golden flower bacterium (coronoid process loose capsule bacterium) of golden flower, and traditional Pu'er tea preparation method is not suitable for the loose growth of capsule bacterium of coronoid process, so Pu'er tea is difficult to grow golden flower.Be that the method that main mixed fungus microorganism is made the golden flower Pu'er tea rarely has report at present by the inoculation coronoid process capsule bacterium that looses.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome existing Pu'er tea can not grow dim, and is main mixed fungus microorganism by capsule bacterium that Pu'er tea artificial infection coronoid process is loose, and changes traditional Pu'er tea manufacture craft condition and produces the golden flower Pu'er tea, effectively improves the quality of Pu'er tea.
The preparation method of described golden flower Pu'er tea is specific as follows:
1, solar dried green tea is put into closed container,, get the tea base of water content 28% by steam moisture regain 10~30min;
2, the tea base is placed high-pressure sterilizing pot behind the heat temperature raising, be warming up to 100 ℃ of decatize 30min;
3, get the diffusing capsule bacterium mixed bacteria of coronoid process of 0.05 of stem tea~80 ‰ weight ratios, other gets the fermentation accelerant of mixed bacteria 0.05~5 ‰, is dissolved in together in the pure water, obtains strain liquid, evenly sprays strain liquid then on the process tea base of decatize;
4, behind the tea base inoculation bacterial classification, carry out pile-fermentation, 50~90 ℃ of wet stack temperatures, time 1~20h;
5, the tea base that will carry out wet heap moves to the chamber of growing dim, and guarantees that the tea base is moisture 15~35%, 20~40 ℃ of the indoor temperatures of growing dim, humidity 60~90%.At any time observe the situation of growing dim in the process of growing dim, and adjust humidity or keep the skin wet, finish through 6~15 days processes of growing dim according to the situation of growing dim;
6, with the golden flower Pu'er tea that is up to the standards, the warehouse that moves to ventilation, drying, free from extraneous odour after screening, compacting carries out air dry, turning in 5~6 days once, when tea body moisture<10% can be packed.
The diffusing capsule bacterium (Eurotium cristatum) of the bacterial classification coronoid process that described the present invention adopts, black-koji mould (Asper gillus niger), Penicillium notatum (Penieillium), rhizopus (Rhizopus), saccharomycete are commercial product, and its mass ratio is as follows:
Described fermentation accelerant of the present invention can for the Tween-20 of food-grade, Tween-40, Tween-60, Tween-80, rhamnolipid, phosphatide, APG etc. one or more.
The present invention has following outstanding advantage and good effect:
1, the present invention has realized growing dim of Pu'er tea by the method that inoculation coronoid process in the Pu'er tea production process looses the capsule bacterium, has prepared the long golden flower Pu'er tea that golden flower is arranged, and has effectively improved the quality of Pu'er tea.
2, the present invention in the Pu'er tea production process except the non-dominant bacteria coronoid process of inoculation in the Pu'er tea capsule bacterium that looses, Pu'er tea dominant bacterias such as black-koji mould, Penicillium notatum, rhizopus, saccharomycete have also been inoculated, in addition and added fermentation accelerant, bacterial classification is bred fast, and easy operating and control, make tealeaves fermentation, ageing even, stay in grade.
3, the golden flower Pu'er tea that makes of the present invention, with loose perfect fusion of beneficial functional of capsule bacterium of Pu'er tea and coronoid process, liquor color red dense bright, fragrance is pure, mouthfeel is mellow, has further improved its health-care efficacy.
The specific embodiment
Below be that embodiment will further be described invention, but the present invention do not produced any restriction.
Embodiment 1:
1, solar dried green tea is put into closed container,, get the tea base of water content 28% by steam moisture regain 10min;
2, the tea base is placed high-pressure sterilizing pot behind the heat temperature raising, be warming up to 100 ℃ of decatize 30min.
3, according to the diffusing capsule bacterium 60% of coronoid process; Saccharomycete 25%; Black-koji mould 5%; Rhizopus 5%; Penicillium notatum 5% is got the diffusing capsule bacterium mixed bacteria of coronoid process of 0.05 ‰ weight ratio of stem tea, and other gets the Tween-60 of mixed bacteria 0.05 ‰, and they are dissolved in the pure water together, obtains strain liquid, evenly sprays strain liquid then on the process tea base of decatize.
4, behind the tea base inoculation bacterial classification, carry out pile-fermentation, 60 ℃ of wet stack temperatures, time 20h.
5, the tea base that will carry out wet heap moves to the chamber of growing dim, and guarantees that the tea base is moisture 15%, 20 ℃ of the indoor temperatures of growing dim, humidity 90%.At any time observe the situation of growing dim in the process of growing dim, and adjust humidity or keep the skin wet, finish through 15 days processes of growing dim according to the situation of growing dim.
6, with the golden flower Pu'er tea that is up to the standards, the warehouse that moves to ventilation, drying, free from extraneous odour after screening, compacting carries out air dry, turning in 5~6 days once, when tea body moisture<10% can be packed.
Embodiment 2:
1, solar dried green tea is put into closed container,, get the tea base of water content 28% by steam moisture regain 10min;
2, the tea base is placed high-pressure sterilizing pot behind the heat temperature raising, be warming up to 100 ℃ of decatize 30min.
3, according to the diffusing capsule bacterium 40% of coronoid process; Saccharomycete 45%; Black-koji mould 5%; Rhizopus 5%; Penicillium notatum 5% is got the diffusing capsule bacterium mixed bacteria of coronoid process of 15 ‰ weight ratios of stem tea, and other gets the rhamnolipid of mixed bacteria 0.5 ‰, and they are dissolved in the pure water together, obtains strain liquid, evenly sprays strain liquid then on the process tea base of decatize.
4, behind the tea base inoculation bacterial classification, carry out pile-fermentation, 70 ℃ of wet stack temperatures, time 10h.
5, the tea base that will carry out wet heap moves to the chamber of growing dim, and guarantees that the tea base is moisture 25%, 30 ℃ of the indoor temperatures of growing dim, humidity 70%.At any time observe the situation of growing dim in the process of growing dim, and adjust humidity or keep the skin wet, finish through 10 days processes of growing dim according to the situation of growing dim.
6, with the golden flower Pu'er tea that is up to the standards, the warehouse that moves to ventilation, drying, free from extraneous odour after screening, compacting carries out air dry, turning in 5~6 days once, when tea body moisture<10% can be packed.
Embodiment 3:
1, solar dried green tea is put into closed container,, get the tea base of water content 28% by steam moisture regain 10min;
2, the tea base is placed high-pressure sterilizing pot behind the heat temperature raising, be warming up to 100 ℃ of decatize 30min.
3, according to the diffusing capsule bacterium 50% of coronoid process; Saccharomycete 25%; Black-koji mould 5%; Rhizopus 10%; Penicillium notatum 10% is got the diffusing capsule bacterium mixed bacteria of coronoid process of 60 ‰ weight ratios of stem tea, and other gets the APG of mixed bacteria 2 ‰, and they are dissolved in the pure water together, obtains strain liquid, evenly sprays strain liquid then on the process tea base of decatize.
4, behind the tea base inoculation bacterial classification, carry out pile-fermentation, 90 ℃ of wet stack temperatures, time 6h.
5, the tea base that will carry out wet heap moves to the chamber of growing dim, and guarantees that the tea base is moisture 35%, 40 ℃ of the indoor temperatures of growing dim, humidity 75%.At any time observe the situation of growing dim in the process of growing dim, and adjust humidity or keep the skin wet, finish through 6 days processes of growing dim according to the situation of growing dim.
6, with the golden flower Pu'er tea that is up to the standards, the warehouse that moves to ventilation, drying, free from extraneous odour after screening, compacting carries out air dry, turning in 5~6 days once, when tea body moisture<10% can be packed.

Claims (4)

1. the method that inoculated fungi microbe is made the golden flower Pu'er tea is characterized in that by the diffusing capsule bacterium of inoculation coronoid process be main mixed fungus microorganism, adds fermentation accelerant and obtains the golden flower Pu'er tea.
2. inoculated fungi microbe according to claim 1 is made the method for golden flower Pu'er tea, it is characterized in that this golden flower Pu'er tea makes by following operation:
A, solar dried green tea is put into closed container, by steam moisture regain 10~30min, the tea base of water content 28%;
B, the tea base is placed high-pressure sterilizing pot behind the heat temperature raising, be warming up to 100 ℃ of decatize 30min;
C, the coronoid process of getting 0.05 of the stem tea~80 ‰ weight ratios capsule bacterium mixed bacteria that looses, other gets the fermentation accelerant of mixed bacteria 0.05~5 ‰, is dissolved in together in the pure water, obtains strain liquid, then through evenly spraying strain liquid on the tea base of decatize;
Behind d, the tea base inoculation bacterial classification, carry out pile-fermentation, 50~90 ℃ of wet stack temperatures, time 1~20h;
E, the tea base that will carry out wet heap move to the chamber of growing dim, and guarantee that the tea base is moisture 15~35%, 20~40 ℃ of the indoor temperatures of growing dim, humidity 60~90%.At any time observe the situation of growing dim in the process of growing dim, and adjust humidity or keep the skin wet, finish through 6~15 days processes of growing dim according to the situation of growing dim;
F, with the golden flower Pu'er tea that is up to the standards, the warehouse that moves to ventilation, drying, free from extraneous odour after screening, compacting carries out air dry, turning in 5~6 days once, when tea body moisture<10% can be packed.
3. according to the method for the described inoculated fungi microbe making of claim 1 golden flower Pu'er tea, the diffusing capsule bacterium of the bacterial classification coronoid process that the present invention adopts, black-koji mould, Penicillium notatum, rhizopus, saccharomycete are commercial product, and its mass ratio is as follows:
4. make the method for golden flower Pu'er tea according to the described inoculated fungi microbe of claim 1, the fermentation accelerant that the present invention adopts can for the Tween-20 of food-grade, Tween-40, Tween-60, Tween-80, rhamnolipid, phosphatide, APG etc. one or more.
CN2011101701490A 2011-06-23 2011-06-23 Method for preparing gold-flower Puer tea by inoculating fungus microorganisms Pending CN102187920A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102424798A (en) * 2011-11-19 2012-04-25 云南大学 Method for fast separating microbes in Puer ripe tea
CN102640816A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-22 咸阳泾渭茯茶有限公司 Method for artificially making golden flower loose Fu tea
CN103918813A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-07-16 郭景龙 National bouquet golden camellia tea and method for preparing national bouquet golden camellia tea
CN104206573A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-17 谢达国 Production method for organic miraflor black compressed tea
CN104222393A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-24 张聪聪 Organic miraflor dark green loose tea preparing method
CN105394232A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-16 咸阳泾渭茯茶有限公司 Miniature compressed tea processing method
CN105707304A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-06-29 云南六大茶山茶业股份有限公司 Method for inoculating microbial agent in batches for processing Pu-erh tea
CN106954698A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-07-18 吕宣翰 A kind of puerh tea zymotechnique
CN107047840A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-08-18 普洱知味茶厂有限责任公司 A kind of method of the high-quality and efficient fermentation of puerh tea
CN107080008A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-08-22 云南农业大学 A kind of natural pile fermentation of golden flower Pu'er cooked teas loose tea is grown dim method
CN107183235A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-09-22 朱向东 A kind of preparation method of novel puer tea
CN107258967A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-10-20 昆明七彩云南庆沣祥茶业股份有限公司 A kind of method of exogenous biology enzyme composite bacteria fermentation of pu'er tea
CN107319035A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-07 昊展快乐茶文化(珠海横琴)有限公司 A kind of storage technique of Pu'er tea
CN107691709A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-02-16 申国庆 A kind of method that instant dark tea is prepared using microorganism fluid two-step fermentation
CN107892625A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-04-10 青岛三福有机复合肥料有限公司 A kind of selenium-rich environment-friendlybio-organic bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108118021A (en) * 2016-11-29 2018-06-05 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Complete microbial growth promoters and its application of nitrifying process
CN108935801A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-07 蒋文忠 A kind of method of production and technique of golden flower puer tea
CN109007111A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-12-18 云南中茶茶业有限公司 A kind of Pu'er tea storage silo and storage method
CN109393079A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-03-01 湖南中茶茶业有限公司 A kind of loose tea fungus growing process of Camellia nitidissima
CN110100915A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-08-09 西咸新区茯茶镇茶业有限公司 A method of Fu tea is prepared using Lapsang souchong

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102424798A (en) * 2011-11-19 2012-04-25 云南大学 Method for fast separating microbes in Puer ripe tea
CN102640816A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-22 咸阳泾渭茯茶有限公司 Method for artificially making golden flower loose Fu tea
CN102640816B (en) * 2012-05-14 2014-02-12 咸阳泾渭茯茶有限公司 Method for artificially making golden flower loose Fu tea
CN103918813A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-07-16 郭景龙 National bouquet golden camellia tea and method for preparing national bouquet golden camellia tea
CN104206573A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-17 谢达国 Production method for organic miraflor black compressed tea
CN104222393A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-24 张聪聪 Organic miraflor dark green loose tea preparing method
CN104206573B (en) * 2014-10-11 2016-04-06 谢达国 The preparation method of black tea compressed tea is spent in organic Milan
CN105394232A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-16 咸阳泾渭茯茶有限公司 Miniature compressed tea processing method
CN105707304A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-06-29 云南六大茶山茶业股份有限公司 Method for inoculating microbial agent in batches for processing Pu-erh tea
CN108118021B (en) * 2016-11-29 2020-11-10 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Microbial growth promoter for completing nitration process and application thereof
CN108118021A (en) * 2016-11-29 2018-06-05 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Complete microbial growth promoters and its application of nitrifying process
CN107047840A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-08-18 普洱知味茶厂有限责任公司 A kind of method of the high-quality and efficient fermentation of puerh tea
CN106954698A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-07-18 吕宣翰 A kind of puerh tea zymotechnique
CN107258967A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-10-20 昆明七彩云南庆沣祥茶业股份有限公司 A kind of method of exogenous biology enzyme composite bacteria fermentation of pu'er tea
CN107080008A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-08-22 云南农业大学 A kind of natural pile fermentation of golden flower Pu'er cooked teas loose tea is grown dim method
CN107183235B (en) * 2017-07-21 2021-04-27 朱向东 Method for preparing novel Pu' er tea
CN107183235A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-09-22 朱向东 A kind of preparation method of novel puer tea
CN107319035A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-07 昊展快乐茶文化(珠海横琴)有限公司 A kind of storage technique of Pu'er tea
CN107319035B (en) * 2017-08-17 2019-10-25 昊展快乐茶文化(珠海横琴)有限公司 A kind of storage technique of Pu'er tea
CN107691709A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-02-16 申国庆 A kind of method that instant dark tea is prepared using microorganism fluid two-step fermentation
CN107892625A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-04-10 青岛三福有机复合肥料有限公司 A kind of selenium-rich environment-friendlybio-organic bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108935801A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-07 蒋文忠 A kind of method of production and technique of golden flower puer tea
CN109007111A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-12-18 云南中茶茶业有限公司 A kind of Pu'er tea storage silo and storage method
CN109007111B (en) * 2018-07-13 2021-08-31 云南中茶茶业有限公司 Pu' er tea storage bin and storage method
CN109393079A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-03-01 湖南中茶茶业有限公司 A kind of loose tea fungus growing process of Camellia nitidissima
CN110100915A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-08-09 西咸新区茯茶镇茶业有限公司 A method of Fu tea is prepared using Lapsang souchong

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Application publication date: 20110921