CN102138509A - Vegetable greenhouse floating on eutrophic water - Google Patents

Vegetable greenhouse floating on eutrophic water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102138509A
CN102138509A CN2011100777632A CN201110077763A CN102138509A CN 102138509 A CN102138509 A CN 102138509A CN 2011100777632 A CN2011100777632 A CN 2011100777632A CN 201110077763 A CN201110077763 A CN 201110077763A CN 102138509 A CN102138509 A CN 102138509A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
buoyancy tank
greenhouse
longeron
floating
vegetables
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011100777632A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈雨彤
陈蜀乔
Original Assignee
昆明理工大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 昆明理工大学 filed Critical 昆明理工大学
Priority to CN2011100777632A priority Critical patent/CN102138509A/en
Publication of CN102138509A publication Critical patent/CN102138509A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention provides a vegetable greenhouse floating on eutrophic water, which can grow aquatic vegetables and improve water. The greenhouse ribs of the vegetable greenhouse floating on the eutrophic water are formed by fixedly connecting greenhouse arch-shaped cross beams, greenhouse longitudinal beams and greenhouse secondary longitudinal beams in a crossed manner. Buoyancy packs are filled with beverage bottles and are connected with one another by connecting plates to form the base of the floating vegetable greenhouse. A greenhouse covering film is covered on the greenhouse ribs, the lower end of the greenhouse covering film is fixed on the buoyancy packs by fixed pressing plates, and the buoyancy packs are provided with fixing anchors to prevent the greenhouse from drifting. A plurality of planting floating plates are placed on the water surface in the floating greenhouse, and aquatic vegetable seeds or seedlings are planted in conical holes in the floating plates. The structure of the vegetable greenhouse floating on the eutrophic water is simple in structure and low in cost and can grow aquatic vegetables, and therefore is worthy of promotion.

Description

The floating green house of vegetables of a kind of eutrophication water
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of green house of vegetables, particularly a kind of green house of vegetables that floats on the eutrophication water belongs to field of agricultural production technologies.
Background technology
Body eutrophication ---Refer to that nutriments such as nitrogen, phosphorus enter water body in a large number, make the vigorous propagation of algae and plankton, thereby destroy the phenomenon of water ecology balance.With lake, reservoir human being's production and life are had the greatest impact.This eutrophication phenomenon occurs in landlocked water bodys such as lake can form wawter bloom (claiming spray again); Occur in the ocean and can form red tide (claiming red tide again).The general at present eutrophication indexes that adopts is: the water body nitrogen content is greater than 0.2~0.3mg/L, phosphorus content is greater than 0.01~0.02mg/L, and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is greater than 10mg/L, total number of bacteria (fresh water, pH7~9) reach 105/mL, chlorophyll a (sign of algal grown amount) is greater than 10mg/m3.The harm of body eutrophication is: 1. consume dissolved oxygen, cause the aquatile mortality; 2. algae excessive propagation can block the paddle hole of the fish gill and shellfish, influences their respiration; In some alginite and metabolite contain biotoxin, cause fish, mussel poisoning pathology or death.As chain knee ditch algae ---Saxitoxin; 4. the generation odor compound makes water body distribute bad smell; 5. destroy environmental landscape outward appearance colour generation, feculence, generation bad smell, influence view; 6. water body bogginess has deposition; 7. harm is supplied water.How to administer water body, the comprehensive utilization eutrophication water, turning waste into wealth is a problem demanding prompt solution.Thereby be necessary to invent a kind of green house of vegetables that floats on the eutrophication water, be used to administer water body, and obtain income.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind ofly can plant out aquatic vegetable, improves the water body quality simultaneously, floats on the green house of vegetables on the eutrophication water.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: this booth is by annular buoyancy tank 10, be fixed in many upright fixed muffles 6 on the annular buoyancy tank along the border, tail end inserts in the upright fixed muffle and forms the many bowst girders 1 of greenhouse bracket, longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17, be placed on the coverlay 21 on the greenhouse bracket, and one or more plantation kickboard 8 that is positioned on the water surface that annular buoyancy tank inner ring surrounds constitutes, (available fixation clip helps to fasten) is fixed on the annular buoyancy tank 10 in the bottom of booth coverlay 21, and plantation kickboard 8 is provided with a plurality of tapers hole 9 that plants vegetables.Upright fixed muffle 6 fixing on buoyancy tank 10 can adopt common modes such as welding or bolt connection; The quantity of upright fixed muffle 6, bowst girder 1, longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17 is determined according to the actual size size of booth, is guaranteed that the intensity of the greenhouse frame of its formation gets final product; Plantation kickboard 8 can be buoyant structures such as cystosepiment, plank, the quantity of plate is determined according to the actual size size of booth, being convenient to manual operation gets final product, the little moment of booth size is one, can be divided into polylith when size is big, the plant vegetables quantity in hole of taper on it also is decided according to the actual requirements, and guarantees that vegetables have enough growing spaces to get final product.
Upright fixed muffle 6 has the sleeve geometrical clamp 5 that they are clamped with the socket place of bowst girder 1, longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17, and bowst girder 1 has the bundling belt 4 that they are fixing or is connected and fixed folder 3 with the infall of longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17; Annular buoyancy tank 10 constitutes the base of floating green house of vegetables, it is by casing and be loaded on wherein a plurality of beverage bottle 13(or foamed material) and the top board 12 that is placed on the casing constitute, the inboard of top board 12 also can be equipped with the band installing hole, be used to overlap the elastomeric layer (can be foamed plastics, flexible plastic, rubber layer etc.) of solid beverage bottle 13; The donought body structure that ring-type buoyancy tank 10 can connect to form for overall structure or a plurality of separated small-sized buoyancy tank (can by connections such as connecting bolt or connection cord, junction button, connecting plates), also have the inlet of coming in and going out on the annular buoyancy tank 10 for ship, the porch is equipped with removable or the movable buoyancy tank 23(and the buoyancy tank main part hinge that reset or link, can open or reset, be convenient to plant vegetables or come in and go out when receiving dish).Annular has been fastened one or more mooring anchors 15 through anchor line 14 on the buoyancy tank 10, is used at the fixing booth of water.
During use, assemble floating booth with associated components on the water body of eutrophication earlier, throw next or a plurality of mooring anchors 15, mooring anchor 15 sinks to mud 16 bottoms, prevents that booth from drifting about.According to putting into corresponding plantation kickboard 8 in the booth, the seedling of aquatic vegetable 7 is implanted kickboard bellmouth 9 get final product then.Bateau can be drawn in the plantation family, opens the movable buoyancy tank 23 that is placed on the porch, enters by inlet and looks after in the booth and harvested vegetable.
That the floating green house of vegetables of these vegetables eutrophication water has is simple in structure, use cost is low, can utilize advantages such as eutrophication water plantation aquatic vegetable, is worth large tracts of land to be promoted.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural section schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of facing of the present invention;
Among the figure: 1-booth bowst girder, 2-booth longeron, 3-is connected and fixed folder, the 4-bundling belt, 5-sleeve geometrical clamp, the upright fixed muffle of 6-, the 7-aquatic vegetable, the 8-kind is planted kickboard, 9-kickboard bellmouth, the 10-buoyancy tank, the 11-fixing brace bar, 12-buoyancy tank top board, the 13-beverage bottle, the 14-anchor line, the 15-mooring anchor, 16-mud, the secondary longeron of 17-booth, 18-joint pin hold-down nut, 19-joint pin bolt, the 20-connecting plate, 21-booth coverlay, 22-coverlay fixation clip, the movable buoyancy tank of 23-inlet.
Embodiment
The present invention is further elaborated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, but summary of the invention of the present invention is not limited to described scope.
Embodiment one: as Figure 1-3, this booth is by annular buoyancy tank 10, be fixed in 10 upright fixed muffles 6 on the annular buoyancy tank along the border, tail end inserts in the upright fixed muffle and forms 1,1 longeron 2 of 3 bowst girders and 2 secondary longerons 17 of greenhouse bracket, be placed on the coverlay 21 on the greenhouse bracket, and 18 plantation kickboards 8 that are positioned on the water surface that annular buoyancy tank inner ring surrounds constitute, and plantation kickboard 8 is a cystosepiment.The bottom of booth coverlay 21 is fixed on the annular buoyancy tank 10, helps to fasten with fixation clip, and plantation kickboard 8 is provided with 24 tapers hole 9 that plants vegetables.The upright fixedly employing welding manner of fixed muffle 6 on buoyancy tank 10.
Upright fixed muffle 6 has the sleeve geometrical clamp 5 that they are clamped with the socket place of bowst girder 1, longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17, and the infall of bowst girder 1 and longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17 has they are fixedly coupled geometrical clamp 3.Annular buoyancy tank 10 constitutes the base of floating green house of vegetables, it is by casing and be loaded on 120 beverage bottles 13 wherein and the top board 12 that is placed on the casing constitutes, the inboard of top board 12 also can be equipped with the band installing hole, be used to overlap the elastomeric layer of solid beverage bottle 13, and elastomeric layer is.Ring-type buoyancy tank 10 is integrally-built donought body structure, connect by the connecting bolt mode), also have the inlet of coming in and going out on the annular buoyancy tank 10 for ship, movable buoyancy tank 23 removable or that reset is equipped with in the porch, it is that hinge is connected with the buoyancy tank main part, can open or reset.Annular has been fastened 4 mooring anchors 15 through anchor line 14 on the buoyancy tank 10, is used at the fixing booth of water.
During use, assemble floating booth in advance by above-mentioned requirements and step on the water body of eutrophication earlier, throw next or a plurality of mooring anchors 15, mooring anchor 15 sinks to the mud bottom, prevents that booth from drifting about.Put into corresponding plantation kickboard 8 according to the booth inner area then, the seedling of aquatic vegetable is implanted kickboard bellmouth 9 get final product.Bateau can be drawn in the plantation family, opens the buoyancy tank 23 that is placed on inlet, and the inlet that is provided with by base enters to be looked after in the booth and harvested vegetable.
Embodiment two: as Figure 1-3, this booth is by annular buoyancy tank 10, be fixed in 12 upright fixed muffles 6 on the annular buoyancy tank along the border, tail end insert in the upright fixed muffle and 4 bowst girders 1,1 of forming greenhouse bracket with longeron 2 and 2 secondary longerons 17, be placed on the coverlay 21 on the greenhouse bracket, and 24 plantation kickboards 8 that are positioned on the water surface that annular buoyancy tank inner ring surrounds constitute, and plantation kickboard 8 is a plank.The bottom of booth coverlay 21 is fixed on the annular buoyancy tank 10, and plantation kickboard 8 is provided with 20 tapers hole 9 that plants vegetables.The upright fixedly employing bolt connecting mode of fixed muffle 6 on buoyancy tank 10.
Upright fixed muffle 6 has the sleeve geometrical clamp 5 that they are clamped with the socket place of bowst girder 1, longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17, and bowst girder 1 has the bundling belt 4 that they are fixing with the infall of longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17.Annular buoyancy tank 10 constitutes the base of floating green house of vegetables, and it is by casing and be loaded on 2 blocks of foamed materials wherein and the top board 12 that is placed on the casing constitutes.Ring-type buoyancy tank 10 is the donought body structure that 16 separated small-sized buoyancy tanks connect to form, connect by connection cord, junction button, also have the inlet of coming in and going out on the annular buoyancy tank 10 for ship, movable buoyancy tank 23 removable or that reset is equipped with in the porch, itself and buoyancy tank main part link, and can open or reset.Annular has been fastened 3 mooring anchors 15 through anchor line 14 on the buoyancy tank 10, is used at the fixing booth of water.
Embodiment three: as Figure 1-3, the technical solution of the utility model is: this booth is by annular buoyancy tank 10, be fixed in the upright fixed muffle 6 of 8 on the annular buoyancy tank along the border, tail end inserts in the upright fixed muffle and forms 1,1 longeron 2 of 2 bowst girders and 2 secondary longerons 17 of greenhouse bracket, be placed on the coverlay 21 on the greenhouse bracket, and the monoblock plantation kickboard 8 that is positioned on the water surface that annular buoyancy tank inner ring surrounds constitutes, and plantation kickboard 8 is a plastic plate.The bottom of booth coverlay 21 is fixed on the annular buoyancy tank 10, and plantation kickboard 8 is provided with 160 tapers hole 9 that plants vegetables.The upright fixedly employing welding connecting mode of fixed muffle 6 on buoyancy tank 10.
Upright fixed muffle 6 has the sleeve geometrical clamp 5 that they are clamped with the socket place of bowst girder 1, longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17, and bowst girder 1 has the bundling belt 4 that they are fixing with the infall of longeron 2 and secondary longeron 17.Annular buoyancy tank 10 constitutes the base of floating green house of vegetables, it is by casing and be loaded on 8 beverage bottles 13 wherein and the top board 12 that is placed on the casing constitutes, the inboard of top board 12 also can be equipped with the band installing hole, be used to overlap the elastomeric layer of solid beverage bottle 13, and elastomeric layer is a rubber layer.Ring-type buoyancy tank 10 is the donought body structure that 10 separated small-sized buoyancy tanks connect to form, and connects by connecting plate.Also have the inlet of coming in and going out for ship on the annular buoyancy tank 10, movable buoyancy tank 23 removable or that reset is equipped with in the porch.Annular has been fastened 2 mooring anchors 15 through anchor line 14 on the buoyancy tank 10, is used at the fixing booth of water.

Claims (4)

1. floating green house of vegetables of eutrophication water, it is characterized in that: this booth is by annular buoyancy tank (10), be fixed in the many upright fixed muffles (6) on the annular buoyancy tank along the border, tail end inserts in the upright fixed muffle and forms the many bowst girders (1) of greenhouse bracket, longeron (2) and secondary longeron (17), be placed on the coverlay (21) on the greenhouse bracket, and one or more plantation kickboard (8) that is positioned on the water surface that annular buoyancy tank inner ring surrounds constitutes, the bottom of booth coverlay (21) is fixed on the annular buoyancy tank (10), annular buoyancy tank (10) is gone up and have been fastened one or more mooring anchors (15) through anchor line (14), and plantation kickboard (8) is provided with a plurality of tapers hole (9) that plants vegetables.
2. the floating green house of vegetables of eutrophication water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: upright fixed muffle (6) has the sleeve geometrical clamp (5) that they are clamped with the socket place of bowst girder (1), longeron (2) and secondary longeron (17), and bowst girder (1) has the bundling belt (4) that they are fixing or is connected and fixed folder (3) with the infall of longeron (2) and secondary longeron (17).
3. according to claim 1, the floating green house of vegetables of 2 described eutrophication waters, it is characterized in that: annular buoyancy tank (10) is by casing and be loaded on a plurality of beverage bottles (13) wherein and the top board (12) that is placed on the casing constitutes, and the inboard of top board (12) also can be equipped with the band installing hole, be used to overlap the elastomeric layer of solid beverage bottle (13).
4. the floating green house of vegetables of eutrophication water according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the donought body structure that ring-type buoyancy tank (10) can connect to form for overall structure or a plurality of separated small-sized buoyancy tank, also have on annular buoyancy tank (10) confess into inlet, inlet buoyancy tank (23) removable or that reset is equipped with in the porch.
CN2011100777632A 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Vegetable greenhouse floating on eutrophic water CN102138509A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102613059A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 常熟南师大发展研究院有限公司 Water culture disc with handle
CN102613027A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-08-01 广西红树林研究中心 Automatic lifting thermal insulation shed for raising seedlings of mangrove plants on mud flat
CN104255426A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-07 王祥丽 Water planting box
CN105432368A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-30 中国农业大学 Greenhouse flood resisting device
CN110733610A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-01-31 武汉理工大学 combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002001387A (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-01-08 Kankyo Sokutei Service:Kk Water purification equipment
CN101610985A (en) * 2006-12-28 2009-12-23 有限会社奥罗拉文化交流社 Utilize the purification of water quality function of each kind of plant, microorganism, comprehensively improve the water purification system in eutrophication pollution waters
CN101715711A (en) * 2008-10-09 2010-06-02 杭州丁山洋农业开发有限公司 Method for growing pollution-free water vegetable
CN101720616A (en) * 2009-11-21 2010-06-09 惠州市水产科学技术研究所 Water-surface cultivation method and water-surface cultivation device used by same
CN201602038U (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-10-13 孟翔麟 Hydrophilous plant water culture device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002001387A (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-01-08 Kankyo Sokutei Service:Kk Water purification equipment
CN101610985A (en) * 2006-12-28 2009-12-23 有限会社奥罗拉文化交流社 Utilize the purification of water quality function of each kind of plant, microorganism, comprehensively improve the water purification system in eutrophication pollution waters
CN101715711A (en) * 2008-10-09 2010-06-02 杭州丁山洋农业开发有限公司 Method for growing pollution-free water vegetable
CN101720616A (en) * 2009-11-21 2010-06-09 惠州市水产科学技术研究所 Water-surface cultivation method and water-surface cultivation device used by same
CN201602038U (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-10-13 孟翔麟 Hydrophilous plant water culture device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102613059A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 常熟南师大发展研究院有限公司 Water culture disc with handle
CN102613059B (en) * 2012-03-31 2013-03-20 常熟南师大发展研究院有限公司 Water culture disc with handle
CN102613027A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-08-01 广西红树林研究中心 Automatic lifting thermal insulation shed for raising seedlings of mangrove plants on mud flat
CN104255426A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-07 王祥丽 Water planting box
CN105432368A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-30 中国农业大学 Greenhouse flood resisting device
CN105432368B (en) * 2015-11-30 2019-02-26 中国农业大学 A kind of greenhouse flood fighting flood device
CN110733610A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-01-31 武汉理工大学 combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform

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Application publication date: 20110803

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