CN101381986B - Snow ice clear away car for railway - Google Patents

Snow ice clear away car for railway Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101381986B
CN101381986B CN2008101211273A CN200810121127A CN101381986B CN 101381986 B CN101381986 B CN 101381986B CN 2008101211273 A CN2008101211273 A CN 2008101211273A CN 200810121127 A CN200810121127 A CN 200810121127A CN 101381986 B CN101381986 B CN 101381986B
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China
Prior art keywords
ice
jackshaft
snow
working shaft
vehicle frame
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2008101211273A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101381986A (en
Inventor
胡磊
郑银香
张水波
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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Priority to CN2008101211273A priority Critical patent/CN101381986B/en
Publication of CN101381986A publication Critical patent/CN101381986A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101381986B publication Critical patent/CN101381986B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a railroad ice and snow cleaning vehicle. The vehicle comprises a vehicle frame, front wheels and rear wheels, wherein the front wheels and the rear wheels are arranged on the vehicle frame through a front wheel shaft and a rear wheel shaft, respectively; an ice and snow cleaning device, a symmetric salt scattering device and a power device are also arranged on the vehicle frame; in operation, a solar wheel does backhoe circular motion; a perching knife scoops up ice and snow of the outer side of the rail; industrial salt is scattered in a region where the ice and snow is scooped up through the symmetric salt scattering device so as to prevent the ice and snow from coagulating; thick ice in a turnout zone of the inner side of the rail is smashed through an air pick; and ice blocks shattered by the air pick are swept to the middle of the rail by a sweeping wheels brush. The invention provides the railroad ice and snow cleaning vehicle, can realize integrated treatment of ice breaking, cleaning and slat scattering, has complete function of ice and snow cleaning, saves energy, can prevent the ice and snow from coagulating and has high automation degree.

Description

Snow ice clear away car for railway
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of snow ice clear away car for railway, be mainly used in the accumulated ice Snowremoval in rail track switch zone.
Background technology
Have accumulated snow on the railway of the north yet, but can not change, and amount can be very not big, can evaporate very soon even changed, can not stay ponding, glaciation near rail yet.Accumulated snow is thick especially on the one hand in south, and a lot of places there were not pin.The more important thing is these snow melts Cheng Shui, because humidity is high, the glaciation soon of these water, on in layer covering near the rail, some place has 10 cm thicks unexpectedly, and train frictional force on the ice face is very little, nature will skid, even oversteps the limit, and is quite dangerous.
Because the China railways circuit is long, dispatch a car often, and present railway is artificial except that the snow and ice mode substantially, the inefficiency that manually removes the snow, labour intensity is big, and the workman often needs operation all through the night, and mode digs the ice and snow of track switch the inside by hand.
In mid or late January, 08 continuous several heavy snow, cause Chinese transportation main artery Beijing-Guangzhou Railway south section to be obstructed.Particularly,, must guarantee that track switch is icing along with traffick increases during spring transportation.Train transportation will guarantee safety, most critical be that station track track switch is not frozen by ice and snow.In case be frozen in, can't operate conversion, just mean Beijing-Kowloon Railway Line, military nine lines transportation interruption, the Ferry Status of system-wide will further worsen.
Chinese patent 200620130124.2 has disclosed a kind of railroad turnout snow blower, comprises the blast fan that fuel tank, blowtorch, electronic striking device, blowtorch fuel feed pump, underframe, pressure tank and air outlet are connected with blowtorch.Below the underframe roller devices of being convenient to move can be set, also the device of being convenient to take on the back of the body can be set on underframe.Use this device can improve the speed that clears the snow, improve the combustion rate of fuel, energy conservation reduces use cost; Roller devices can make things convenient for moving of snow blower.The deficiency that this device exists is: adopt the mode of snow melt ice-melt to remove track switch ice and snow, the fuel energy of consumption is more; Failing to prevent and treat ice and snow simultaneously condenses; Function singleness is removed the ice and snow poor effect.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems referred to above of prior art, the invention provides a kind ofly can realize opening ice, cleaning, the integrated processing of salting, remove the ice and snow complete function, energy-conservation, can prevent and treat ice and snow and condense, the snow ice clear away car for railway that automaticity is high.
A kind of snow ice clear away car for railway is characterized in that: comprise vehicle frame, front-wheel, trailing wheel, described front-wheel, trailing wheel are contained on the vehicle frame by front axle, hind axle respectively, and ice-snow clearing device, symmetrical salt-dusting device, power set also are housed on the described vehicle frame;
Described ice-snow clearing device comprises first working shaft, first jackshaft and second working shaft that are contained in front axle the place ahead, and described first working shaft and front axle are in transmission connection, and the two ends of first working shaft are equipped with sun gear, are evenly equipped with perching knife on the described sun gear; Described first jackshaft and front axle are in transmission connection, and drive bevel gear is equipped with at the two ends of first jackshaft, and the driven wheel of differential that cooperates with described drive bevel gear is equipped with in the upper end of described second working shaft, and the wheel brush of sweeping the floor is equipped with in the lower end of second working shaft; Bracing frame also is equipped with in described vehicle frame top, support frame as described above tilts the pneumatic pick of slip is installed, the front end of pneumatic pick is aimed at the switch area of rail inboard, and described pneumatic pick is described sun gear and described sweeping the floor between the wheel brush, and described length of sweeping the floor the wheel brush extends to described switch area;
Described symmetrical salt-dusting device comprises the base that is contained on the vehicle frame, described base is put on the shelf and is provided with the passage body, the top of described passage body has charging aperture, there is discharging opening both sides, described charging aperture is corresponding with the outlet of the funnel that is contained in passage body top, vibrating motor is equipped with in the below of described funnel, and the passage body that is positioned at the charging aperture below is equipped with the wheel rotor of salt being guided into discharging opening from charging aperture; Described impeller is contained in the passage body by the 3rd working shaft, and described the 3rd working shaft is in transmission connection by swing mechanism and hind axle;
Described power set comprise main power machines and gear, and described main power machines is drive motors or internal combustion engine, and described main power machines forms the power of supplying with car body, ice-snow clearing device, symmetrical salt-dusting device by gear.
As preferably: described swing mechanism comprises second jackshaft that is contained in the vehicle frame top, described second jackshaft and rear vehicle shaft chain drive, the affixed prejudicially rotating disk of one end of described second jackshaft, the hinged crank in the center of described rotating disk, the hinged slide block of the other end of crank, described slide block can slide up and down to be arranged in the take-up housing, and the other end of slide block hinged is socketed in the rocking bar on described the 3rd working shaft, and described take-up housing is fixed on the described passage body.
Perhaps, described swing mechanism comprises second jackshaft that is contained in the vehicle frame top, described second jackshaft and rear vehicle shaft chain drive, the vertically affixed connecting rod of one end of described second jackshaft, the hinged crank of the other end of described connecting rod, the hinged slide block of the other end of crank, described slide block can slide up and down to be arranged in the take-up housing, the other end of slide block hinged one is socketed in the rocking bar on described the 3rd working shaft, and described take-up housing is fixed on the described passage body.
Further, the bore of described discharging opening extends to the rail inboard by the rail outside.
Preferably, described vibrating motor is a DC vibration motor.
Further, the 3rd jackshaft is housed also on the described vehicle frame, described the 3rd jackshaft is connected by gear drive with front axle, described the 3rd jackshaft and the described first working shaft chain drive, described the 3rd jackshaft also with the described first jackshaft chain drive.
Technical conceive of the present invention is: sun crop rotation backhoe circular motion, perching knife scoops up the ice and snow in the rail outside, by symmetrical salt-dusting device Nacl is spread to the ice and snow district of rail inboard in the rail outside, can prevent that ice and snow from condensing, knock the thick ice of the inboard switch area of rail by pneumatic pick, the ice cube that is smashed by the pneumatic pick wheel brush of being swept the floor is swept in the middle of the rail.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: (1) complete function, realized opening ice, cleaning, the antifreeze integrated processing of salting; (2) continuity of operation is good, the automaticity height, and the operation acts of car load can be carried out simultaneously; (3) with respect to the mode that adopts the snow melt ice-melt, more energy-conservation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is one of perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is two of a perspective view of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one
With reference to Fig. 1-3: a kind of snow ice clear away car for railway, comprise vehicle frame 1, front-wheel 2, trailing wheel 3, described front-wheel 2, trailing wheel 3 are contained on the vehicle frame 1 by front axle, hind axle respectively, and ice-snow clearing device, symmetrical salt-dusting device, power set also are housed on the described vehicle frame;
Described ice-snow clearing device, comprise first working shaft 4, first jackshaft 5 and second working shaft 6 that are contained in front axle the place ahead, described first working shaft 4 is in transmission connection with front axle, and the two ends of first working shaft 4 are equipped with sun gear 7, are evenly equipped with perching knife 8 on the described sun gear 7; Described first jackshaft 5 is in transmission connection with front axle, and drive bevel gear 9 is equipped with at the two ends of first jackshaft 5, and the lower end that driven wheel of differential 10, the second working shafts 6 that cooperate with described drive bevel gear 9 are equipped with in the upper end of described second working shaft 6 is equipped with the wheel of sweeping the floor and is brushed 11; Bracing frame 12 also is equipped with in described vehicle frame top, the pneumatic pick 13 that support frame as described above 12 tilts slip is installed, the front end of pneumatic pick is aimed at the switch area of rail inboard, described pneumatic pick 13 is described sun gear and described sweeping the floor between the wheel brush, and described length of sweeping the floor wheel brush 11 extends to described switch area.
Described symmetrical salt-dusting device comprises the base 14 that is contained on the vehicle frame, described base 14 is put on the shelf and is provided with passage body 15, the top of described passage body 15 has charging aperture, there is discharging opening both sides, described charging aperture is corresponding with the outlet of the funnel 16 that is contained in passage body top, DC vibration motor is equipped with in the below of described funnel, and the passage body that is positioned at the charging aperture below is equipped with the wheel rotor of salt being guided into discharging opening from charging aperture; Described impeller is contained in the passage body 15 by the 3rd working shaft 17, and described the 3rd working shaft 17 is in transmission connection by swing mechanism and hind axle;
Described power set comprise main power machines and gear, and described main power machines is above motor or an internal combustion engine of 1KW, and described main power machines forms the power of supplying with car body, ice-snow clearing device, symmetrical salt-dusting device by gear.
Described swing mechanism comprises second jackshaft 18 that is contained in the vehicle frame top, described second jackshaft 18 and rear vehicle shaft chain drive, the affixed prejudicially rotating disk 19 of one end of described second jackshaft 18, the hinged crank 20 in the center of described rotating disk 19, the hinged slide block 21 of the other end of crank, described slide block 21 can slide up and down to be arranged in the take-up housing 22, and the other end of slide block hinged is socketed in the rocking bar 23 on described the 3rd working shaft 17, and described take-up housing 22 is fixed on the described passage body.The active section of described the 3rd working shaft 17 is square, and the square opening of coupling is arranged on the described rocking bar 23.The 3rd working shaft 17 is driven by rocking bar 23 and swings back and forth, and rocking bar slides on the 3rd working shaft.
The bore of described discharging opening extends to the rail inboard by the rail outside.
The 3rd jackshaft 24 also is housed on the described vehicle frame, and described the 3rd jackshaft 24 is connected by gear drive with front axle, described the 3rd jackshaft 24 and 4 chain drive of described first working shaft, described the 3rd jackshaft 24 also with 5 chain drive of described first jackshaft.
Described car body drives power and adopts the four-wheel drive mode, and there is chain drive in the front and back wheel shaft.
In the present embodiment, sun crop rotation backhoe circular motion, perching knife scoops up the ice and snow in the rail outside, by symmetrical salt-dusting device Nacl is spread to the ice and snow district of rail inboard in the rail outside, can prevent that ice and snow from condensing, knock the thick ice of the inboard switch area of rail by pneumatic pick, the ice cube that is smashed by the pneumatic pick wheel brush of being swept the floor is swept in the middle of the rail.
During operation, at first, each preoperation inspection sun gear is brushed, swept the floor, and wheel is brushed and whether pneumatic pick can work, and as cisco unity malfunction, keeps in repair or changes; Then, Nacl is poured in the funnel, the people is seated in car body central authorities, opens direct current vibration motor switch, pneumatic pick operating switch, and motor or internal combustion engine start to advance; At last, manually knock with the accumulated ice of pneumatic pick to rail track switch.
Embodiment two
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment one is: the vertically affixed connecting rod of an end of described second jackshaft, the hinged described crank of the other end of described connecting rod.Other structures of present embodiment and implementation and embodiment one are identical.

Claims (7)

1. snow ice clear away car for railway, it is characterized in that: comprise vehicle frame, front-wheel, trailing wheel, described front-wheel, trailing wheel are contained on the vehicle frame by front axle, hind axle respectively, and ice-snow clearing device, symmetrical salt-dusting device, power set also are housed on the described vehicle frame;
Described ice-snow clearing device comprises first working shaft, first jackshaft and second working shaft that are contained in front axle the place ahead, and described first working shaft and front axle are in transmission connection, and the two ends of first working shaft are equipped with sun gear, are evenly equipped with perching knife on the described sun gear; Described first jackshaft and front axle are in transmission connection, and drive bevel gear is equipped with at the two ends of first jackshaft, and the driven wheel of differential that cooperates with described drive bevel gear is equipped with in the upper end of described second working shaft, and the wheel brush of sweeping the floor is equipped with in the lower end of second working shaft; Bracing frame also is equipped with in described vehicle frame top, support frame as described above tilts the pneumatic pick of slip is installed, the front end of pneumatic pick is aimed at the switch area of rail inboard, and described pneumatic pick is described sun gear and described sweeping the floor between the wheel brush, and described length of sweeping the floor the wheel brush extends to described switch area;
Described symmetrical salt-dusting device comprises the base that is contained on the vehicle frame, described base is put on the shelf and is provided with the passage body, the top of described passage body has charging aperture, there is discharging opening both sides, described charging aperture is corresponding with the outlet of the funnel that is contained in passage body top, vibrating motor is equipped with in the below of described funnel, the passage body that is positioned at the charging aperture below is equipped with the wheel rotor of salt being guided into discharging opening from charging aperture, described impeller is contained in the passage body by the 3rd working shaft, and described the 3rd working shaft is in transmission connection by swing mechanism and hind axle;
Described power set comprise drive motors or internal combustion engine.
2. snow ice clear away car as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described swing mechanism comprises second jackshaft that is contained in the vehicle frame top, described second jackshaft and rear vehicle shaft chain drive, the affixed prejudicially rotating disk of one end of described second jackshaft, the hinged crank in the center of described rotating disk, the hinged slide block of the other end of crank, described slide block can slide up and down to be arranged in the take-up housing, the other end of slide block hinged one is socketed in the rocking bar on described the 3rd working shaft, and described take-up housing is fixed on the described passage body.
3. snow ice clear away car as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described swing mechanism comprises second jackshaft that is contained in the vehicle frame top, described second jackshaft and rear vehicle shaft chain drive, the vertically affixed connecting rod of one end of described second jackshaft, the hinged crank of the other end of described connecting rod, the hinged slide block of the other end of crank, described slide block can slide up and down to be arranged in the take-up housing, the other end of slide block hinged one is socketed in the rocking bar on described the 3rd working shaft, and described take-up housing is fixed on the described passage body.
4. as claim 2 or 3 described snow ice clear away cars, it is characterized in that: the bore of described discharging opening extends to the rail inboard by the rail outside.
5. snow ice clear away car as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: described vibrating motor is a DC vibration motor.
6. snow ice clear away car as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the 3rd jackshaft also is housed on the described vehicle frame, described the 3rd jackshaft is connected by gear drive with front axle, described the 3rd jackshaft and the described first working shaft chain drive, described the 3rd jackshaft also with the described first jackshaft chain drive.
7. snow ice clear away car as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that: described drive motors or internal combustion engine form the power of supplying with car body, ice-snow clearing device, symmetrical salt-dusting device by gear.
CN2008101211273A 2008-09-28 2008-09-28 Snow ice clear away car for railway Expired - Fee Related CN101381986B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008101211273A CN101381986B (en) 2008-09-28 2008-09-28 Snow ice clear away car for railway

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008101211273A CN101381986B (en) 2008-09-28 2008-09-28 Snow ice clear away car for railway

Publications (2)

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CN101381986A CN101381986A (en) 2009-03-11
CN101381986B true CN101381986B (en) 2010-12-08

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104369165B (en) * 2014-11-23 2016-03-16 福建省闽南建筑工程有限公司 A kind of pneumatic pick for excavating architectural engineering rock foundation draws hole support frame
CN107326856B (en) * 2016-04-29 2020-05-19 黄始征 Machine tool integrating ice breaking, snow removing and floor sweeping functions
CN106351168A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-01-25 广西大学 Rail snow sweeper
CN108425339A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-08-21 邱小林 A kind of road and bridge accumulated snow auxiliary removing equipment
CN110042794B (en) * 2019-05-08 2021-03-12 南京铁道职业技术学院 Novel multifunctional railway snow removing device
CN110528450B (en) * 2019-09-19 2021-05-07 绍兴艾弗笛尼智能科技有限公司 Railway track snow cleaning device
CN110438933B (en) * 2019-09-20 2021-02-19 邵宝峰 Track deslagging device of track type paver for cement concrete pavement
CN110878544A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-03-13 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Multi-gauge railway steel rail rotary cleaning device
CN112593523B (en) * 2020-12-23 2022-05-27 嘉兴骏升机械股份有限公司 Snow removing device for train track maintenance
CN113062256A (en) * 2021-02-24 2021-07-02 丁江涛 Highway maintenance shovel snow device with ice breaking and automatic salt that spills

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Granted publication date: 20101208

Termination date: 20130928