WO2022077803A1 - 并联自动老化生产线 - Google Patents

并联自动老化生产线 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022077803A1
WO2022077803A1 PCT/CN2021/073934 CN2021073934W WO2022077803A1 WO 2022077803 A1 WO2022077803 A1 WO 2022077803A1 CN 2021073934 W CN2021073934 W CN 2021073934W WO 2022077803 A1 WO2022077803 A1 WO 2022077803A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
linear
parallel
propulsion
conveying
lifting
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2021/073934
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
王国强
刘占飞
邵尤富
Original Assignee
东莞市冠佳电子设备有限公司
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Publication of WO2022077803A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022077803A1/zh

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/02Belt- or chain-engaging elements
    • B65G23/04Drums, rollers, or wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/22Arrangements or mountings of driving motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R31/00Arrangements for testing electric properties; Arrangements for locating electric faults; Arrangements for electrical testing characterised by what is being tested not provided for elsewhere

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of aging production lines, in particular to a parallel automatic aging production line.
  • the existing aging and testing stations all rely on manual operations, occupying a lot of human resources, and there is a potential safety hazard for personnel to suffer work-related injuries. Moreover, the products are held and placed in the aging and testing stations for many times, which limits the improvement of production capacity, which is not only low in efficiency but also in products. The quality is unstable and cannot meet the needs of mass product testing.
  • a parallel automatic aging production line is provided.
  • a parallel automatic aging production line comprising a feeding mechanism, a first palletizing robot connected to the feeding mechanism, a first test frame located on one side of the first palletizing robot, a first palletizing robot connected to the A discharging mechanism of a palletizing robot, a first parallel line connected to the feeding mechanism, a second palletizing robot connected to the first parallel line, a second test frame located on one side of the second palletizing robot, connected to the first parallel line
  • the second parallel line of two palletizing robots comprising a feeding mechanism, a first palletizing robot connected to the feeding mechanism, a first test frame located on one side of the first palletizing robot, a first palletizing robot connected to the A discharging mechanism of a palletizing robot, a first parallel line connected to the feeding mechanism, a second palletizing robot connected to the first parallel line, a second test frame located on one side of the second palletizing robot, connected to the first parallel line
  • the second parallel line of two palletizing robots comprising a feeding mechanism, a first palletizing robot connected to the feeding mechanism
  • the present invention adopts the parallel mode.
  • the feeding mechanism is connected by the parallel line, and the products can be fed into two sets of pipelines in parallel at the same time.
  • the feeding mechanism receives the product feeding, the product is transported to the palletizing robot.
  • the palletizing robot feeds the product to the test rack to test the product.
  • Two groups of robots and test racks can realize automatic detection and parallel testing. The degree of automation is high and no manual operation is required.
  • the product is taken out by the palletizing robot. It is placed in the discharge mechanism, and the discharge mechanism can discharge material at any position through the second parallel connection according to the situation, saving manpower and material resources and improving stability.
  • a feeding mechanism a first palletizing robot connected to the feeding mechanism, a first test frame located on one side of the first palletizing robot, a discharging mechanism connected to the first palletizing robot, and a
  • the overall work efficiency is high, and the parallel mode realizes automatic alternate work to ensure work efficiency.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic top view of the structure of the aging production line of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the working principle of the aging production line of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the feeding mechanism and the first parallel line of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic diagram of part A in FIG. 3 .
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the discharging mechanism and the second parallel line of the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of B in FIG. 5 .
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the first palletizing robot of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is an enlarged schematic view of C in FIG. 7 .
  • FIG. 9 is an enlarged schematic view of D in FIG. 8 .
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of the first linear transportation line of the present invention.
  • Figure 11 is a schematic diagram of the connection structure of the linear transport rack and the linear transport drive wheel.
  • feeding mechanism 100 feeding support 110, feeding conveying support 120, feeding conveying roller 130, feeding conveying belt 140, feeding conveying motor 150, feeding conveying positioning seat 160, first stacking Robot 200, first linear transportation line 210, first linear transportation base 211, first linear transportation guide rail 212, first linear transportation transmission seat 213, first linear transportation rack 214, first arc-shaped The tooth slot 214a, the first linear transportation motor 215, the first linear transportation driving wheel 216, the first wheel body 216a, the first driving slot 216b, the first driving shaft 216c, the first lifting and conveying device 220, the first lifting bracket 221, the first lifting guide rail 222, the first lifting transmission seat 223, the first lifting screw 224, the first lifting motor 225, the first propulsion drive device 230, the first propulsion bracket 231, the first propulsion fluent strip 232, the first The linear propulsion module 233, the first linear propulsion guide rail 233a, the first linear propulsion screw 233b, the first linear propulsion motor 233c, the first propulsion assembly
  • a parallel automatic aging production line includes a feeding mechanism 100 , a first palletizing robot 200 connected to the feeding mechanism 100 , and a first test frame located on one side of the first palletizing robot 200 . 300.
  • the discharge mechanism 400 connected to the first palletizing robot 200, the first parallel line 500 connected to the feeding mechanism 100, the second palletizing robot 600 connected to the first parallel line 500, located in the second palletizing robot
  • the second test rack 700 on one side of the 600 is connected to the second parallel line 800 of the second palletizing robot 600 .
  • the feeding mechanism 100 includes a feeding support 110 , a feeding conveying support 120 installed on the feeding support 110 , a plurality of groups of feeding conveying rollers 130 installed on the feeding conveying support 120 ,
  • the feeding conveyor belts 140 of several feeding conveying rollers 130 and the feeding conveying motor 150 for driving the feeding conveying rollers 130 are provided.
  • the positioning seat 160 includes a feeding conveying positioning cylinder and a feeding conveying positioning wheel that is driven and connected to the driving end of the feeding conveying positioning cylinder.
  • the feeding conveying motor 150 is used to drive the feeding conveying roller 130 to drive the feeding conveyor belt 140 to drive.
  • the feeding and conveying positioning seat 160 can be used for conveying and positioning, so as to position the product during the conveying process.
  • the discharging mechanism 400 includes a discharging support 410, a discharging conveying support 420 installed on the discharging support 410, a plurality of sets of discharging conveying rollers 430 installed on the discharging conveying support 420, A discharge conveyor belt 440 of a plurality of discharge conveyor rollers 430, and a discharge conveyor motor 450 for driving the discharge conveyor rollers 430.
  • the discharge conveyor bracket 420 is installed with a discharge conveyor positioning seat 460.
  • the positioning seat 460 includes a discharging and conveying positioning cylinder and a discharging and conveying positioning wheel which is driven and connected to the driving end of the discharging and conveying positioning cylinder. In the discharge conveying, the conveying positioning seat is also set for the positioning of the conveying, and the structure is reliable.
  • the first palletizing robot 200 includes a first linear conveying line 210 , a first lifting and conveying device 220 transmitted on the first linear conveying line 210 , and a first lifting and conveying device 220 .
  • the first propulsion driving device 230; the second palletizing robot 600 includes a second linear conveying line, a second elevating conveying device transmitted on the second linear conveying line, and a second propulsion driving device transmitted in the second elevating conveying device;
  • the two groups of palletizing robots have the same structure, and are also used for large-scale linear transportation through a linear transportation line.
  • the lifting and conveying device cooperates with the propulsion drive device to put the placement slots for different layers into the product, which are connected by push-in method. reliable.
  • the first linear transportation line 210 includes two sets of parallel first linear transportation bases 211 , first linear transportation guide rails 212 mounted on the first linear transportation bases 211 , and first linear transportation guide rails 212 .
  • the driving end of the linear transportation motor 215 is provided with a first linear transportation driving wheel 216 to engage with the first linear transportation rack 214;
  • the second linear transportation line includes two sets of parallel second linear transportation bases installed on the second linear transportation The second linear transportation guide rail of the base, the second linear transportation transmission base driven on the second linear transportation guide rail, the second linear transportation rack mounted on the second linear transportation base, and the second linear transportation transmission seat installed on the second linear transportation transmission base.
  • a linear transport motor the driving end of the second linear transport motor is provided with a second linear transport drive wheel to engage with the second linear transport rack; in the working process, the linear transport drive wheel is driven by the linear transport motor to cooperate with the linear transport rack Under the action of transmission, the linear transport transmission seat is driven along the linear transport guide rail, and the overall transmission stability is good, the precision is high, and the controllability is strong.
  • the first lifting and conveying device 220 includes a first lifting bracket 221 installed on the first linear transport transmission base 213 , a first lifting guide rail 222 installed on the first lifting bracket 221 , and a first lifting transmission driven by the first lifting guide rail 222 .
  • the lift motor 225; the second lift conveying device includes a second lift bracket mounted on the second linear transport transmission base, a second lift rail mounted on the second lift bracket, a second lift transmission base driven on the second lift rail, an erection A second lifting screw connected to the second lifting bracket and connected to the second lifting transmission base, and a second lifting motor mounted on the second linear transport transmission base and drivingly connected to the second lifting screw; the lifting screw is driven by the lifting motor Drive the lift transmission base to lift and drive along the lift guide rail, with high transmission precision and good stability.
  • the first propulsion driving device 230 includes a first propulsion bracket 231 installed on the first lift transmission base 223 , a first propulsion fluent bar 232 installed on both sides of the first propulsion bracket 231 , and a first straight line installed on the first propulsion bracket 231 .
  • the linear propulsion module 233 and the first propulsion assembly 234 installed on the first linear propulsion module 233;
  • the first linear push screw 233b on one side, the first linear push motor 233c for driving the first linear push screw 233b, the first push assembly 234 is transmitted to the first linear push guide rail 233a and is connected with the first linear push guide rail 233a.
  • the first linear push screw 233b is connected, and the first push assembly 234 includes a first push frame 234a, a first push down cylinder 234b mounted on the first push frame 234a, and a first push down cylinder 234b that is drivingly connected to the first push down cylinder 234b
  • the first lower pressing plate 234c and the first positioning shaft 234d installed on the first lower pressing plate 234c
  • the second propulsion driving device includes a second propulsion bracket installed on the second lifting transmission base, and a second propelling bracket installed on both sides of the second propulsion bracket Two propulsion strips, a second linear propulsion module mounted on the second propulsion bracket, and a second propulsion assembly mounted on the second linear propulsion module
  • the second linear propulsion module includes a second linear propulsion guide rail, located on the first A second linear advancing screw on one side of the two linear advancing guide rails, a second linear advancing motor for driving the second linear advancing screw, the second driving component is transmitted on the second linear advancing guide rail and is connected with the second
  • the first linear transportation rack 214 is provided with a plurality of first arc-shaped tooth slots 214a, and the first arc-shaped tooth slots 214a are gradually expanded from the inside to the outside;
  • the first linear transportation drive wheel 216 includes The first wheel body 216a, the first driving grooves 216b circumferentially formed in the first wheel body 216a, and a plurality of groups of first driving shafts 216c evenly distributed in the first driving grooves 216b.
  • the first arc-shaped tooth slots 214a are matched; the second linear transport rack is provided with a plurality of second arc-shaped tooth slots, and the second arc-shaped tooth slots are gradually expanded from the inside to the outside; the second straight line
  • the transport driving wheel includes a second wheel body, a second driving groove circumferentially opened in the second wheel body, and several groups of second driving shafts evenly distributed in the second driving groove, the diameter of the second driving shaft is the same as the diameter of the second driving shaft.
  • Arc-shaped tooth slot matching; the drive shaft is matched with the arc-shaped tooth slot to realize the transmission, which has stronger wear resistance, longer service life and effectively reduces friction compared with the direct gear meshing transmission.
  • the drive shaft adopts SKD11 quenching treatment
  • the rear surface is then chrome-plated, and lubricating oil is added during the transmission process to maximize wear resistance and stability.
  • the reference numerals of the lower positions of the second palletizing robot 600 are omitted.
  • Both the first test rack 300 and the second test rack 700 are provided with a plurality of placement slots, and the placement slots are used for placing and testing the products, so as to realize stacking discharging.
  • the first parallel line 500 includes a first parallel linear module 510 and first parallel guide rails 520 connected to both sides of the first parallel linear module 510 , and the feeding mechanism is installed on the first parallel linear module 510 .
  • the parallel linear modules 510 are driven along the first parallel guide rail 520.
  • the first parallel line 500 is connected with a first parallel transfer and conveying seat 530 and a second parallel transfer and conveying seat 540.
  • the first parallel transfer and conveying seat 530 extends to For the first palletizing robot 200
  • the second parallel transfer and conveying base 540 extends to the second palletizing robot 600
  • the second parallel line 800 includes a second parallel linear module 810 connected to the second parallel linear module 810
  • the second parallel guide rails 820 on both sides, the discharging mechanism is installed on the second parallel linear module 810 and drives along the second parallel guide rails 820.
  • the second parallel line 800 is connected with a third parallel transfer conveying seat 830 and a Four parallel transfer conveyors 840 , the third parallel transfer conveyor 830 extends to the first palletizing robot 200 , the fourth parallel transfer conveyor 840 extends to the second palletizing robot 600 , and the first parallel transfer conveyor 530
  • the structures of the second parallel transfer and conveying seat 540, the third parallel transfer and conveying seat 830 and the fourth parallel transfer and conveying seat 840 are the same as the feeding mechanism.
  • the present invention adopts a parallel mode, and the feeding mechanism 100 is connected by a parallel line, so that two sets of pipelines can be connected in parallel to feed the product.
  • the feeding mechanism 100 receives the product, the product is transported to the palletizing robot.
  • the product is fed to the test rack to test the product.
  • Two sets of robots and test racks can realize automatic detection and parallel testing.
  • the degree of automation is high, and manual operation is not required.
  • the discharging mechanism 400 discharges the material at any position through the second parallel connection according to the situation, which saves manpower and material resources and improves the stability.
  • a feeding mechanism 100 a feeding mechanism 100 , a first palletizing robot 200 connected to the feeding mechanism 100 , a first test rack 300 located on one side of the first palletizing robot 200 , and an outlet connected to the first palletizing robot 200 are provided.
  • the feeding mechanism 400, the first parallel line 500 connected to the feeding mechanism 100, the second palletizing robot 600 connected to the first parallel line 500, the second test rack 700 located on the side of the second palletizing robot 600, and the The second parallel line 800 of the second palletizing robot 600 adopts two groups of test racks and two groups of palletizing robots to pick up and put products into the test racks for testing.
  • the overall work efficiency is high, and the parallel mode realizes automatic alternation. work to ensure work efficiency.

Abstract

一种并联自动老化生产线,包括入料机构(100)、连接于入料机构的第一码垛机器人(200)、位于第一码垛机器人一侧的第一测试架(300)、连接于第一码垛机器人的出料机构(400)、连接于入料机构的第一并联线(500)、连接于第一并联线的第二码垛机器人(600)、位于第二码垛机器人一侧的第二测试架(700)、连接于第二码垛机器人的第二并联线(800)。该生产线采用两组的测试架、两组的码垛机器人配合将产品抓取放入至测试架进行测试,整体工作效率高,并联方式实现自动交替工作,以保证工作效率。

Description

并联自动老化生产线
相关申请的交叉引用。
本申请要求于2020年10月15日提交中国专利局,申请号为2020111035300,发明名称为“并联自动老化生产线”的中国专利申请的优先权,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。
技术领域
本发明涉及老化生产线技术领域,特别是涉及一种并联自动老化生产线。
背景技术
随着社会的发展,人们对电子产品的质量要求越来越高,为了提高电子产品的出厂质量,在出厂前需要对电子产品进行老化测试。现有技术中,对电子产品进行老化测试时,进料时一般通过手工将上个工位的 产品通过皮带传送的测试流程,其中所有老化及测试环节均由人工来操作,先是由作业人员逐一将产品放到老化治具形成老化电子件,然后将老化电子件放入老化测试架的老化放置位内进行老化,老化完成后再将老化电子件人工取出进行的进行各种性能的测试,测试完成后出料时,逐一将老化电子件放回皮带并运送到下一个工位。
技术问题
现有的老化以及测试工位都靠人工操作,占用大量人力资源,存在人员发生工伤的安全隐患,而且产品在老化及测试工位拿放多次,限制了产能的提高,不仅效率低而且产品质量不稳定,无法满足大批量的产品测试需求。
技术解决方案
根据本申请的各种实施例,提供一种并联自动老化生产线。
本发明所采用的技术方案是:一种并联自动老化生产线,包括入料机构、连接于入料机构的第一码垛机器人、位于第一码垛机器人一侧的第一测试架、连接于第一码垛机器人的出料机构、连接于入料机构的第一并联线、连接于第一并联线的第二码垛机器人、位于第二码垛机器人一侧的第二测试架、连接于第二码垛机器人的第二并联线。
本发明的一个或多个实施例的细节在下面的附图和描述中提出。本发明的其它特征、目的和优点将从说明书、附图以及权利要求书变得明显。
有益效果
相比传统的老化生产线,本发明采用并联方式,通过并联线连接入料机构,可同时并联两组的流水线将产品送入,当入料机构收到产品入料后将产品输送至码垛机器人,码垛机器人将产品送料到测试架上对产品进行测试,两组机器人和测试架,可实现自动化检测并列测试,自动化程度高,不需要人工操作,完成测试后通过码垛机器人将产品取料放置到出料机构,出料机构根据情况通过第二并连线在任意位置出料,节省人力物力,提升稳定性。具体是,设置了入料机构、连接于入料机构的第一码垛机器人、位于第一码垛机器人一侧的第一测试架、连接于第一码垛机器人的出料机构、连接于入料机构的第一并联线、连接于第一并联线的第二码垛机器人、位于第二码垛机器人一侧的第二测试架、连接于第二码垛机器人的第二并联线,通过采用两组的测试架、两组的码垛机器人配合将产品抓取放入至测试架进行测试,整体工作效率高,并联方式实现自动交替工作,以保证工作效率。
附图说明
为了更好地描述和说明这里公开的那些发明的实施例和/或示例,可以参考一幅或多幅附图。用于描述附图的附加细节或示例不应当被认为是对所公开的发明、目前描述的实施例和/或示例以及目前理解的这些发明的最佳模式中的任何一者的范围的限制。
图1 为本发明老化生产线的俯视结构示意图。
图2 为本发明老化生产线的工作原理示意图。
图3 为本发明入料机构和第一并联线的结构示意图。
图4 为图3中A处放大示意图。
图5 为本发明出料机构和第二并联线的结构示意图。
图6 为图5中B处放大示意图。
图7 为本发明第一码垛机器人的结构示意图。
图8 为图7中C处放大示意图。
图9 为图8中D处放大示意图。
图10 为本发明的第一直线运输线的结构示意图。
图11 为直线运输齿条与直线运输驱动轮的连接结构示意图。
附图标记说明:入料机构100、入料支架110、入料输送支架120、入料输送辊130、入料输送带140、入料输送电机150、入料输送定位座160、第一码垛机器人200、第一直线运输线210、第一直线运输底座211、第一直线运输导轨212、第一直线运输传动座213、第一直线运输齿条214、第一圆弧形齿槽214a、第一直线运输电机215、第一直线运输驱动轮216、第一轮体216a、第一驱动槽216b、第一驱动轴216c、第一升降输送装置220、第一升降支架221、第一升降导轨222、第一升降传动座223、第一升降丝杆224、第一升降电机225、第一推进驱动装置230、第一推进支架231、第一推进流利条232、第一直线推进模组233、第一直线推进导轨233a、第一直线推进丝杆233b、第一直线推进电机233c、第一推动组件234、第一推动架234a、第一推动下压气缸234b、第一下压板234c、第一定位轴234d、第一测试架300、出料机构400、出料支架410、出料输送支架420、出料输送辊430、出料输送带440、出料输送电机450、出料输送定位座460、第一并联线500、第一并联直线模组510、第一并联导轨520、第一并联转移输送座530、第二并联转移输送座540、第二码垛机器人600、第二测试架700、第二并联线800、第二并联直线模组810、第二并联导轨820、第三并联转移输送座830、第四并联转移输送座840。
本发明的实施方式
为了便于理解本发明,下面将参照相关附图对本发明进行更全面的描述。附图中给出了本发明的较佳实施例。但是,本发明可以以许多不同的形式来实现,并不限于本文所描述的实施例。相反地,提供这些实施例的目的是使对本发明的公开内容的理解更加透彻全面。
需要说明的是,当元件被称为“固定于”另一个元件,它可以直接在另一个元件上或者也可以存在居中的元件。当一个元件被认为是“连接”另一个元件,它可以是直接连接到另一个元件或者可能同时存在居中元件。
除非另有定义,本文所使用的所有的技术和科学术语与属于本发明的技术领域的技术人员通常理解的含义相同。本文中在本发明的说明书中所使用的术语只是为了描述具体的实施例的目的,不是旨在于限制本发明。
如图1~图11所示,一种并联自动老化生产线,包括入料机构100、连接于入料机构100的第一码垛机器人200、位于第一码垛机器人200一侧的第一测试架300、连接于第一码垛机器人200的出料机构400、连接于入料机构100的第一并联线500、连接于第一并联线500的第二码垛机器人600、位于第二码垛机器人600一侧的第二测试架700、连接于第二码垛机器人600的第二并联线800。
参阅图3~图4所示,入料机构100包括入料支架110、安装于入料支架110的入料输送支架120、安装于入料输送支架120的若干组入料输送辊130、传输于若干入料输送辊130的入料输送带140、及用于驱动入料输送辊130的入料输送电机150,所述入料输送支架120安装有入料输送定位座160,所述入料输送定位座160包括入料输送定位气缸及驱动连接于入料输送定位气缸驱动端的入料输送定位轮,具体是,通过入料输送电机150用于驱动入料输送辊130带动入料输送带140传动,在传动过程中用于带动产品输送,而设置入料输送定位座160可用于输送定位作用,以便对产品输送过程中进行定位。
参阅图5~图6所示,出料机构400包括出料支架410、安装于出料支架410的出料输送支架420、安装于出料输送支架420的若干组出料输送辊430、传输于若干出料输送辊430的出料输送带440、及用于驱动出料输送辊430的出料输送电机450,所述出料输送支架420安装有出料输送定位座460,所述出料输送定位座460包括出料输送定位气缸及驱动连接于出料输送定位气缸驱动端的出料输送定位轮,出料机构400与入料机构100结构相同,同样是用于产品输送,传动方向相反,用于出料输送,同样设置输送定位座用于输送的定位使用,结构可靠。
参阅图7~图11所示,第一码垛机器人200包括第一直线运输线210、传输于第一直线运输线210的第一升降输送装置220,及传输于第一升降输送装置220的第一推进驱动装置230;第二码垛机器人600包括第二直线运输线、传输于第二直线运输线的第二升降输送装置,及传输于第二升降输送装置的第二推进驱动装置;两组的码垛机器人结构相同,同样是通过直线运输线用于大范围的直线运输,升降输送装置配合推进驱动装置用于将针对不同层的放置槽放入产品,采用推入方式连接,结构可靠。
第一直线运输线210包括两组并列的第一直线运输底座211、安装于第一直线运输底座211的第一直线运输导轨212、传动于第一直线运输导轨212的第一直线运输传动座213、安装于第一直线运输底座211的第一直线运输齿条214、及安装于第一直线运输传动座213的第一直线运输电机215,所述第一直线运输电机215驱动端设置有第一直线运输驱动轮216与第一直线运输齿条214啮合;第二直线运输线包括两组并列的第二直线运输底座、安装于第二直线运输底座的第二直线运输导轨、传动于第二直线运输导轨的第二直线运输传动座、安装于第二直线运输底座的第二直线运输齿条、及安装于第二直线运输传动座的第二直线运输电机,所述第二直线运输电机驱动端设置有第二直线运输驱动轮与第二直线运输齿条啮合;在工作过程中,是通过直线运输电机驱动直线运输驱动轮配合直线运输齿条进行传动,在传动作用下,使得直线运输传动座沿直线运输导轨传动,整体传动稳定性好,精度高,可控性强。
第一升降输送装置220包括安装于第一直线运输传动座213的第一升降支架221、安装于第一升降支架221的第一升降导轨222、传动于第一升降导轨222的第一升降传动座223、架设于第一升降支架221并与第一升降传动座223连接的第一升降丝杆224、安装于第一直线运输传动座213并与第一升降丝杆224驱动连接的第一升降电机225;第二升降输送装置包括安装于第二直线运输传动座的第二升降支架、安装于第二升降支架的第二升降导轨、传动于第二升降导轨的第二升降传动座、架设于第二升降支架并与第二升降传动座连接的第二升降丝杆、安装于第二直线运输传动座并与第二升降丝杆驱动连接的第二升降电机;通过升降电机驱动升降丝杆带动升降传座沿升降导轨升降传动,传动精度高,稳定性好。
第一推进驱动装置230包括安装于第一升降传动座223的第一推进支架231、安装于第一推进支架231两侧的第一推进流利条232、安装于第一推进支架231的第一直线推进模组233、安装于第一直线推进模组233的第一推动组件234;所述第一直线推进模组233包括第一直线推进导轨233a、位于第一直线推进导轨233a一侧的第一直线推进丝杆233b、用于驱动第一直线推进丝杆233b的第一直线推进电机233c,所述第一推动组件234传动于第一直线推进导轨233a并与第一直线推进丝杆233b连接,所述第一推动组件234包括第一推动架234a、安装于第一推动架234a的第一推动下压气缸234b、驱动连接于第一推动下压气缸234b的第一下压板234c、安装于第一下压板234c的第一定位轴234d;第二推进驱动装置包括安装于第二升降传动座的第二推进支架、安装于第二推进支架两侧的第二推进流利条、安装于第二推进支架的第二直线推进模组、安装于第二直线推进模组的第二推动组件;所述第二直线推进模组包括第二直线推进导轨、位于第二直线推进导轨一侧的第二直线推进丝杆、用于驱动第二直线推进丝杆的第二直线推进电机,所述第二推动组件传动于第二直线推进导轨并与第二直线推进丝杆连接,所述第二推动组件包括第二推动架、安装于第二推动架的第二推动下压气缸、驱动连接于第二推动下压气缸的第二下压板、安装于第二下压板的第二定位轴;通过直线推进电机驱动直线推进丝杆带动推动组件直线传动,采用流利条结构可用于产品导向的送料,设置推动组件的作用是将产品固定,由于设置下压气缸配合定位轴将产品固定,也方便对产品的插拔。
第一直线运输齿条214上开设有若干第一圆弧形齿槽214a,所述第一圆弧形齿槽214a由内到外逐渐扩大设置;所述第一直线运输驱动轮216包括第一轮体216a、环向开设于第一轮体216a的第一驱动槽216b及均布于第一驱动槽216b的若干组第一驱动轴216c,所述第一驱动轴216c直径与所述第一圆弧形齿槽214a匹配;第二直线运输齿条上开设有若干第二圆弧形齿槽,所述第二圆弧形齿槽由内到外逐渐扩大设置;所述第二直线运输驱动轮包括第二轮体、环向开设于第二轮体的第二驱动槽及均布于第二驱动槽的若干组第二驱动轴,所述第二驱动轴直径与所述第二圆弧形齿槽匹配;通过驱动轴配合圆弧形齿槽实现传动,相比直接用齿轮啮合的传动耐耗性更强,使用寿命更长,有效减少摩擦,而一般驱动轴采用SKD11淬火处理后表面再镀铬处理,在传动过程中加入润滑油,即可最大程度的加强耐耗性和稳定性。补充说明,由于第二码垛机器人600与第一码垛机器人200的结构完全相同,故省略了第二码垛机器人600下位的附图标记。
第一测试架300和第二测试架700均设置有若干放置槽,通过放置槽用于将产品的放置测试,实现码垛式放料。
参阅图2~图6所示,第一并联线500包括第一并联直线模组510、接位于第一并联直线模组510两侧的第一并联导轨520,所述入料机构安装于第一并联直线模组510并沿第一并联导轨520传动,所述第一并联线500连接有第一并联转移输送座530和第二并联转移输送座540,所述第一并联转移输送座530延伸至第一码垛机器人200,所述第二并联转移输送座540延伸至第二码垛机器人600;所述第二并联线800包括第二并联直线模组810、接位于第二并联直线模组810两侧的第二并联导轨820,所述出料机构安装于第二并联直线模组810并沿第二并联导轨820传动,所述第二并联线800连接有第三并联转移输送座830和第四并联转移输送座840,所述第三并联转移输送座830延伸至第一码垛机器人200,所述第四并联转移输送座840延伸至第二码垛机器人600,第一并联转移输送座530、第二并联转移输送座540、第三并联转移输送座830和第四并联转移输送座840结构均与入料机构相同。
本发明采用并联方式,通过并联线连接入料机构100,可同时并联两组的流水线将产品送入,当入料机构100收到产品入料后将产品输送至码垛机器人,码垛机器人将产品送料到测试架上对产品进行测试,两组机器人和测试架,可实现自动化检测并列测试,自动化程度高,不需要人工操作,完成测试后通过码垛机器人将产品取料放置到出料机构400,出料机构400根据情况通过第二并连线在任意位置出料,节省人力物力,提升稳定性。具体是,设置了入料机构100、连接于入料机构100的第一码垛机器人200、位于第一码垛机器人200一侧的第一测试架300、连接于第一码垛机器人200的出料机构400、连接于入料机构100的第一并联线500、连接于第一并联线500的第二码垛机器人600、位于第二码垛机器人600一侧的第二测试架700、连接于第二码垛机器人600的第二并联线800,通过采用两组的测试架、两组的码垛机器人配合将产品抓取放入至测试架进行测试,整体工作效率高,并联方式实现自动交替工作,以保证工作效率。
以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的几种实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对本发明专利范围的限制。应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种并联自动老化生产线,包括入料机构、连接于入料机构的第一码垛机器人、位于第一码垛机器人一侧的第一测试架、连接于第一码垛机器人的出料机构、连接于入料机构的第一并联线、连接于第一并联线的第二码垛机器人、位于第二码垛机器人一侧的第二测试架、连接于第二码垛机器人的第二并联线。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的并联自动老化生产线,其特征在于:所述入料机构包括入料支架、安装于入料支架的入料输送支架、安装于入料输送支架的若干组入料输送辊、传输于若干入料输送辊的入料输送带、及用于驱动入料输送辊的入料输送电机,所述入料输送支架安装有入料输送定位座,所述入料输送定位座包括入料输送定位气缸及驱动连接于入料输送定位气缸驱动端的入料输送定位轮。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的并联自动老化生产线,其特征在于:所述第一码垛机器人包括第一直线运输线、传输于第一直线运输线的第一升降输送装置,及传输于第一升降输送装置的第一推进驱动装置;
    所述第一直线运输线包括两组并列的第一直线运输底座、安装于第一直线运输底座的第一直线运输导轨、传动于第一直线运输导轨的第一直线运输传动座、安装于第一直线运输底座的第一直线运输齿条、及安装于第一直线运输传动座的第一直线运输电机,所述第一直线运输电机驱动端设置有第一直线运输驱动轮与第一直线运输齿条啮合;
    所述第一升降输送装置包括安装于第一直线运输传动座的第一升降支架、安装于第一升降支架的第一升降导轨、传动于第一升降导轨的第一升降传动座、架设于第一升降支架并与第一升降传动座连接的第一升降丝杆、安装于第一直线运输传动座并与第一升降丝杆驱动连接的第一升降电机。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的并联自动老化生产线,其特征在于:所述第一推进驱动装置包括安装于第一升降传动座的第一推进支架、安装于第一推进支架两侧的第一推进流利条、安装于第一推进支架的第一直线推进模组、安装于第一直线推进模组的第一推动组件;所述第一直线推进模组包括第一直线推进导轨、位于第一直线推进导轨一侧的第一直线推进丝杆、用于驱动第一直线推进丝杆的第一直线推进电机,所述第一推动组件传动于第一直线推进导轨并与第一直线推进丝杆连接,所述第一推动组件包括第一推动架、安装于第一推动架的第一推动下压气缸、驱动连接于第一推动下压气缸的第一下压板、安装于第一下压板的第一定位轴。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的并联自动老化生产线,其特征在于:所述第一直线运输齿条上开设有若干第一圆弧形齿槽,所述第一圆弧形齿槽由内到外逐渐扩大设置;所述第一直线运输驱动轮包括第一轮体、环向开设于第一轮体的第一驱动槽及均布于第一驱动槽的若干组第一驱动轴,所述第一驱动轴直径与所述第一圆弧形齿槽匹配。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的并联自动老化生产线,其特征在于:所述第一测试架和第二测试架均设置有若干放置槽;
    所述出料机构包括出料支架、安装于出料支架的出料输送支架、安装于出料输送支架的若干组出料输送辊、传输于若干出料输送辊的出料输送带、及用于驱动出料输送辊的出料输送电机,所述出料输送支架安装有出料输送定位座,所述出料输送定位座包括出料输送定位气缸及驱动连接于出料输送定位气缸驱动端的出料输送定位轮。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的并联自动老化生产线,其特征在于:所述第一并联线包括第一并联直线模组、接位于第一并联直线模组两侧的第一并联导轨,所述入料机构安装于第一并联直线模组并沿第一并联导轨传动,所述第一并联线连接有第一并联转移输送座和第二并联转移输送座,所述第一并联转移输送座延伸至第一码垛机器人,所述第二并联转移输送座延伸至第二码垛机器人;所述第二并联线包括第二并联直线模组、接位于第二并联直线模组两侧的第二并联导轨,所述出料机构安装于第二并联直线模组并沿第二并联导轨传动,所述第二并联线连接有第三并联转移输送座和第四并联转移输送座,所述第三并联转移输送座延伸至第一码垛机器人,所述第四并联转移输送座延伸至第二码垛机器人。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的并联自动老化生产线,其特征在于:所述第二码垛机器人包括第二直线运输线、传输于第二直线运输线的第二升降输送装置,及传输于第二升降输送装置的第二推进驱动装置;
    所述第二直线运输线包括两组并列的第二直线运输底座、安装于第二直线运输底座的第二直线运输导轨、传动于第二直线运输导轨的第二直线运输传动座、安装于第二直线运输底座的第二直线运输齿条、及安装于第二直线运输传动座的第二直线运输电机,所述第二直线运输电机驱动端设置有第二直线运输驱动轮与第二直线运输齿条啮合;
    所述第二升降输送装置包括安装于第二直线运输传动座的第二升降支架、安装于第二升降支架的第二升降导轨、传动于第二升降导轨的第二升降传动座、架设于第二升降支架并与第二升降传动座连接的第二升降丝杆、安装于第二直线运输传动座并与第二升降丝杆驱动连接的第二升降电机。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的并联自动老化生产线,其特征在于:所述第二推进驱动装置包括安装于第二升降传动座的第二推进支架、安装于第二推进支架两侧的第二推进流利条、安装于第二推进支架的第二直线推进模组、安装于第二直线推进模组的第二推动组件;所述第二直线推进模组包括第二直线推进导轨、位于第二直线推进导轨一侧的第二直线推进丝杆、用于驱动第二直线推进丝杆的第二直线推进电机,所述第二推动组件传动于第二直线推进导轨并与第二直线推进丝杆连接,所述第二推动组件包括第二推动架、安装于第二推动架的第二推动下压气缸、驱动连接于第二推动下压气缸的第二下压板、安装于第二下压板的第二定位轴。
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的并联自动老化生产线,其特征在于:所述第二直线运输齿条上开设有若干第二圆弧形齿槽,所述第二圆弧形齿槽由内到外逐渐扩大设置;所述第二直线运输驱动轮包括第二轮体、环向开设于第二轮体的第二驱动槽及均布于第二驱动槽的若干组第二驱动轴,所述第二驱动轴直径与所述第二圆弧形齿槽匹配。
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