WO2022041763A1 - Device for removing oil and dirt from housing parts and working method - Google Patents

Device for removing oil and dirt from housing parts and working method Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022041763A1
WO2022041763A1 PCT/CN2021/087188 CN2021087188W WO2022041763A1 WO 2022041763 A1 WO2022041763 A1 WO 2022041763A1 CN 2021087188 W CN2021087188 W CN 2021087188W WO 2022041763 A1 WO2022041763 A1 WO 2022041763A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
steam
fixedly installed
lifting
cleaning
assembly
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2021/087188
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王积相
鲍锦超
Original Assignee
南京灵雀智能制造有限公司
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Application filed by 南京灵雀智能制造有限公司 filed Critical 南京灵雀智能制造有限公司
Publication of WO2022041763A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022041763A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B2230/00Other cleaning aspects applicable to all B08B range
    • B08B2230/01Cleaning with steam

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the field of casing parts cleaning equipment, in particular to a casing part grease removal equipment and a working method.
  • the housing parts of existing motors and other driving devices are provided with a plurality of mounting holes or mounting grooves inside and outside.
  • the lubricating grease on the shell parts is mixed with the dust in the air and the waste in the production workshop to form grease with a certain viscosity.
  • the shell is usually cleaned manually or the shell is immersed in the same In the cleaning tank where a large amount of grease dissolving agent is placed, but this method often produces a large amount of industrial waste water, which contradicts the environmental protection purpose of promoting industrial production, and cannot thoroughly clean the small holes inside the shell, which affects the refurbishment of the product. Rate.
  • a shell parts grease removal equipment suitable for the waste shell parts recycling industry, including:
  • the chassis body the cleaning station fixedly installed on the chassis body, the transmission line running through the chassis body and below the cleaning station, the X-ray detection device disposed in the chassis body and communicating with the control system, and the fixed installation on the chassis body Lower grease trap.
  • the cleaning station includes: a gantry bracket assembly fixedly installed in the chassis body, a steam spray gun fixedly installed on both sides of the gantry bracket, a water pipe communicating with the steam generating device and fixedly inserted into the gantry bracket The two sides are communicated with the steam spray gun, the jacking device fixedly installed at the bottom of the transmission line, and the protective cover sleeved on the outside of the gantry bracket; the two sides of the protective cover are provided with grating sensors.
  • the gantry bracket assembly includes: four support legs fixedly installed on the chassis body, a beam fixedly installed on the support legs, an X-axis screw assembly disposed on the beam, and a drive mounted on the The base on the X-axis screw assembly;
  • One side of the base is fixedly installed with a lifting device; the base is also provided with a Y-axis sliding table assembly; the lifting device is clamped on the Y-axis sliding table assembly, and the bottom of the lifting device is installed with a first Clean components.
  • the jacking device includes: a plurality of jacking cylinders fixedly arranged on the chassis body, and a second cleaning assembly installed at the power output end of the jacking cylinder; the power of the jacking cylinder drives the first The second cleaning assembly is moved up and down on the transmission line.
  • the lifting device a lifting cylinder fixedly installed on the base, a connecting seat fixedly connected to the output rod of the lifting cylinder and inserted through the other end of the base, a clamping claw assembly arranged on the connecting seat, and a lifting screw that is rotatably installed on one side of the bottom of the connecting seat; one end of the bottom of the lifting screw is fixedly connected to the first cleaning component; a bearing seat is provided at the installation place of the lifting screw and the connecting seat;
  • the bottom is also provided with a drive motor; the bottom of the lift screw is sleeved with the outward gear ring, and the power output end of the drive motor is provided with a transmission gear adapted to the lift screw ring gear, and then the power of the drive motor drives the transmission The gear rotates, which in turn drives the lifting screw to rotate on the bearing seat of the connecting seat.
  • the first cleaning assembly includes: a circular base frame fixedly connected to the bottom of the lifting screw, five slide rail frames arranged on the circular base frame and arranged in a ring around the center of the Connect the five sector plates on the slide rail, screw on the lead screw nut on the lifting screw, and a hinge rod hinged between the outer side of the lead screw nut and the sector plate; the inside of the sector plate is provided with a steam inlet pipe; The steam inlet pipe is provided with a plurality of nozzles; and during the rotation of the lifting screw, the rotating force drives the screw nut to perform up and down movements on the lifting screw, and the screw nut drives the lifting screw during the movement.
  • the hinge rod pulls the fan-shaped plate to slide on the slide rail frame, thereby realizing zooming among the five fan-shaped plates; the maximum diameter of the circumscribed circle of the extension track of the five fan-shaped plates is smaller than the distance between the clamping jaw assemblies.
  • the second cleaning assembly includes: a steam base fixedly installed on the output end of the jacking cylinder, a gas supply branch pipe fixedly installed on the steam base, and a steam spray pipe connected to the steam supply pipe; the steam supply pipe is connected to the steam pipe through the gas pipe.
  • the steam generating device is communicated, the air pipe is provided with a solenoid valve, and the solenoid valve is electrically connected with the controller in the control system.
  • the clamping jaw assembly includes a driving part fixedly mounted on the connecting seat, and a plurality of arc-shaped jaws drivingly connected to the driving part;
  • the driving components include: a double-headed cylinder fixedly installed on the connecting seat, two sets of slide rails fixedly installed on the connecting seat and parallel to the double-headed cylinder, and a clamping claw connecting rod fixedly installed at the output end of the double-headed cylinder;
  • the clamping jaw link is clamped on the slide rail and moves on the slide rail under the driving of the double-headed cylinder, thereby driving the arc-shaped claws connected at both ends of the clamping jaw link to move synchronously, driving the two sets of symmetrically installed arc-shaped claws to face each other.
  • the motion clamps the shell parts.
  • the bottom of the steam spray gun is provided with a hydraulic lift seat, and the output end of the hydraulic lift seat is fixedly connected to the air outlet end of the steam spray gun, and the angle of the spray gun nozzle can be adjusted.
  • the shell parts transmitted by the X-ray detection device on the shield are subjected to perspective detection, and the oil and dirt distribution inside and outside the shell parts are inspected and evaluated.
  • the control system controls the transmission line to pause, and at the same time controls the X-axis according to the size and position of the shell parts.
  • Y-axis and Z-axis transmission devices are adjusted in three directions, and the lifting device drives the jaw assembly to lower to clamp the casing parts on the transmission line;
  • the driving motor drives the transmission gear to rotate, and then drives the lifting screw to rotate on the connecting seat; and then during the rotation of the lifting screw, the rotating force drives the screw nut to move up and down on the lifting screw.
  • the hinge rod is driven to pull the sector plate to slide on the slide rail frame, thereby realizing the scaling between the five sector plates; the diameter of the circumscribed circle of the scaled trajectory is greater than the minimum side length of the shell part ;
  • the control system controls the opening of the steam generating device, and sends high-temperature steam to the steam access pipe in the first cleaning assembly through the air supply branch pipe, and the high-temperature steam is sprayed downward from the nozzles on the fan-shaped plate;
  • the second cleaning assembly is located on several tops Driven by the lift cylinder, it moves upwards, so that the steam nozzle passes through the gap of the transmission line and moves upwards close to the inside of the shell, thereby cleaning the inside of the shell;
  • the steam spray gun on both sides of the shield is adjusted by the hydraulic lift seat according to the size and position of the screw, so that the nozzle and the outer surface of the shell parts form an angle, and then the shell parts are cleaned with high pressure steam from multiple directions.
  • the grease on the surface and inside of the housing falls into the grease collecting device.
  • the X-ray detection device is used to replace the human to identify the cleanliness of the screw, so that the control system can control the rotation speed of the jaw assembly and the access time of the high-temperature gas in the cleaning component, and realize the batch cleaning of the shell parts automatically and unmanned.
  • FIG. 1 is an overall schematic diagram of the oil scale removing equipment for housing parts of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the device for removing grease and dirt from the housing parts of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the Y-axis slide assembly of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the lifting device of the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the first cleaning assembly of the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the jaw assembly of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a view of Embodiment 1 of the circular base frame of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is a view of Embodiment 2 of the circular base frame of the present invention.
  • Figure 9 is a schematic view of the installation of the steam spray gun of the present invention.
  • the casing parts of existing motors and other drive devices are provided with a plurality of mounting holes or mounting grooves inside and outside, and the surfaces of the mounting holes and the mounting grooves are provided with threads for easy installation. Therefore, during the long-term use of the shell parts, the lubricating grease on the shell parts, the dust in the air, and the waste in the production workshop are mixed into grease with a certain viscosity.
  • the shell is cleaned manually or the shell is immersed in a cleaning tank with a large amount of grease dissolving agent, but this method often produces a large amount of industrial waste water, which is contrary to the environmental protection purpose of promoting industrial production, and cannot be used for the small size of the shell. Thorough cleaning of the hole parts will affect the refurbishment pass rate of the product.
  • a device for removing grease and dirt from housing parts includes: a chassis body 1 , a cleaning mechanism 2 , a gantry bracket assembly 20 , a support leg 200 , a beam 201 , an X-axis screw assembly 202 , and a base 203 , lifting device 204, lifting cylinder 2040, connecting seat 2041, lifting screw 2042, screw nut 2043, drive motor 2044, transmission gear 2045, ring gear 2046, shield 21, Y-axis slide assembly 22, first cleaning assembly 23.
  • Two cleaning components 26 steam base 260 , gas supply branch pipe 261 , steam nozzle 262 , lifting cylinder 27 , transmission line 3 , grease collecting device 4 , steam generating device 5 , gas pipe 6 , steam spray gun 7 , hydraulic lifting seat 70 .
  • the bottom of the chassis body 1 is provided with a plurality of supporting components, the chassis body 1 is made of aluminum alloy material, the cleaning station 2 is fixedly installed inside the chassis body 1, and the transmission line 3 runs through the chassis body 1 and is located in the cleaning station 2. Below, the grease collecting device 4 is fixedly installed under the chassis body 1 . Furthermore, the cleaning station 2 can perform detection and cleaning operations on the casing parts transmitted on the transmission line 3, so as to realize the automatic cleaning of the casing parts.
  • the cleaning station 2 in the present invention includes: a gantry bracket assembly 20 fixedly installed in the chassis body 1, a steam spray gun 7 fixedly installed on both sides of the gantry bracket, and The water pipe connected to the steam generating device 5 is fixedly inserted on both sides of the gantry bracket and communicated with the steam spray gun 7, the jacking device at the bottom of the retransmission line is fixedly installed, and the shield 21 sleeved on the outside of the gantry bracket; the shield 21 Equipped with X-ray detection device. It is possible to detect and analyze the oil dirt inside the housing parts.
  • the gantry bracket assembly 20 is installed above the transmission line 3 so that the air jets of the steam spray gun 7 correspond to the housing parts on the transmission line 3 .
  • the grating sensors provided on both sides of the shield 21 can detect the size and running position of the parts, and send the detection data to the control system.
  • the adjustment device in the X, Y and Z axis directions is set on the gantry bracket to achieve the adjustment of multiple sizes and shapes of shell parts.
  • the gantry bracket assembly 20 includes: four support legs 200 fixedly installed on the chassis body 1, a beam 201 fixedly installed on the support legs 200, an X-axis screw assembly 202 disposed on the beam 201, And the base 203 installed on the X-axis screw assembly 202;
  • the X-axis lead screw assembly 202 includes a first servo motor (not shown) fixedly installed on one end of the beam 201 , the output end of the first servo motor is drive-connected, and a lead screw fixed on the beam 201 , the beam 201
  • the top of the base 203 is provided with a slide rail, the bottom of the base 203 is provided with a slider that is clamped with the slide rail, and the base 203 is connected with the lead screw, and the power of the first servo motor drives the base through the X-axis lead screw assembly 202.
  • the seat 203 realizes adjustment in the X-axis direction.
  • a lifting device 204 is fixedly installed on one side of the base 203; the base 203 is also provided with a Y-axis slide assembly 22; the Y-axis slide assembly 22 includes: slide rails arranged at both ends of the base 203, The cylinder mounting plate clamped on the slide rail, the second servo motor fixedly connected to the cylinder mounting plate, and the rack fixedly mounted on the bottom of the slide rail; the transmission connection of the output end of the second servo motor is adapted to the rack.
  • the matching transmission gear, and then the second servo motor rotating force drives the transmission gear to move on the rack, and then adjusts the position of the cylinder mounting plate along the Y-axis direction on the slide rail.
  • the lifting device 204 is clamped on the Y-axis slide assembly 22 , and the bottom of the lifting device 204 is installed with the first cleaning assembly 23 .
  • the lifting device 204 a lifting cylinder 2040 fixedly installed on the cylinder mounting plate of the base 203, a connecting seat 2041 fixedly connected to the output rod of the lifting cylinder 2040 and inserted through the other end of the base 203, a clip arranged on the connecting seat 2041
  • the claw assembly 24, and the lifting screw 2042 rotatably installed on the bottom side of the connecting seat 2041; the bottom end of the lifting screw 2042 is fixedly connected to the first cleaning assembly 23; the installation place of the lifting screw 2042 and the connecting seat 2041
  • the transmission gear 2045 adapted to the ring gear 2046 of the 2042, and then the power of the driving motor 2044 drives the transmission gear 2045 to rotate, and then drives the lift screw 2042 to rotate
  • the first cleaning component 23 includes: a circular base frame 230 fixedly connected to the bottom of the lifting screw 2042 , five slide rail frames 231 arranged on the circular base frame 230 and annularly arranged around the center of the circle, five sector plates 232 on the clamping rail, screwed on the lift screw 2042 on the screw nut 2043, and
  • the hinge rod 233 is hinged between the outer side of the screw nut 2043 and the fan-shaped plate 232; the interior of the fan-shaped plate 232 is provided with a steam inlet pipe; the steam inlet pipe is provided with a plurality of nozzles 234;
  • the rotational force drives the lead screw nut 2043 to move up and down on the lift screw 2042.
  • the lead screw nut 2043 drives the hinge rod 233 to pull the sector plate 232 on the slide rail frame 231. Sliding, thereby realizing the scaling between the five sector-shaped plates 232 ; the maximum diameter of the circumscribed circle of the extending trajectory of the five sector-shaped plates 232 is smaller than the distance between the clamping jaw assemblies 24 . Further, the fan-shaped plate 232 shrinks and adjusts according to the size of the parts, so as to meet the requirements of different shell parts in the same batch, and there is no need to stop for adjustment and cleaning.
  • the lifting device includes: a plurality of lifting cylinders 27 fixed on the chassis body 1 , and a second cleaning assembly 26 installed at the power output end of the jacking cylinder 27 ; the power of the jacking cylinder 27 drives the second cleaning assembly 26 to move up and down on the transmission line 3 .
  • the second cleaning assembly 26 includes: a steam base 260 fixedly installed on the output end of the jacking cylinder 27, a gas supply branch pipe 261 fixedly installed on the steam base 260, and a steam nozzle 262 connected to the steam supply pipe; the The steam supply pipe is communicated with the steam generating device 5 through the gas pipe 6, and the gas pipe 6 is provided with a solenoid valve, and the solenoid valve is electrically connected with the controller in the control system.
  • the control system controls the solenoid valve to open, and then steam cleans the passing shell parts, so that the dissolved greasy dirt falls into the greasy dirt collection device 4;
  • the clamping jaw assembly 24 includes a driving part 240 fixedly mounted on the connecting seat 2041 , and a plurality of arc-shaped claws 241 drivingly connected to the driving part 240 ;
  • the driving part 240 includes: the driving part 240 is fixedly installed on the connecting seat 2041
  • the bottom of the steam spray gun 7 is provided with a hydraulic lift seat 70 . , the hydraulic lift seat 70 .
  • the output end of the steam spray gun is fixedly connected to the air outlet end of the steam spray gun 7, and the angle of the spray gun nozzle can be adjusted.
  • the first cleaning component 23 and the second cleaning component 26 are opened at the same time, and act in opposite directions, so that the jetted air flows in a staggered manner, increasing the impact on the transmission line 3 and the shield 21. The grease is completely removed.
  • the shell parts are placed on the transmission line 3 and the way is that the openings go down through the cleaning station one by one; the shell parts transmitted by the X-ray detection device on the shield 21 are subjected to perspective detection, and the grease distributed inside and outside the shell parts is detected.
  • the control system controls the transmission line 3 to suspend, and at the same time controls the transmission device in the three directions of X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis to adjust according to the size and position of the housing parts, the lifting device 204 drives the gripper assembly 24 to descend to the transmission line 3 After the clamping jaw assembly 24 is closed, the driving motor 2044 drives the transmission gear 2045 to rotate, and then drives the lifting screw 2042 to rotate on the connecting seat 2041; and then during the rotation of the lifting screw 2042, the rotational force The lead screw nut 2043 is driven to move up and down on the lift screw 2042.
  • the hinge rod 233 is driven to pull the sector plate 232 to slide on the slide rail frame 231, thereby realizing five sector plates 232.
  • the diameter of the circumscribed circle of the scaled trajectory is greater than the minimum side length of the shell part;
  • the control system controls the steam generator 5 to open, and delivers high temperature to the steam inlet pipe in the first cleaning component 23 through the gas supply branch pipe 261 Steam, high-temperature steam is sprayed downward from the nozzles 234 on the fan-shaped plate 232;
  • the second cleaning assembly 26 moves upward under the driving of several lifting cylinders 27, so that the steam nozzle 262 moves upward through the gap of the transmission line 3 Close to the inside of the casing, and then clean the inside of the casing;
  • the steam spray guns 7 on both sides of the shield 21 are located on the hydraulic lifting seat 70 according to the size and position of the screw. Under the adjustment, the nozzle and the outer surface of the shell parts form an angle, and then the shell parts are cleaned with high pressure steam from multiple directions, so that the grease
  • the invention uses saturated steam under the action of super high temperature and high pressure to dissolve the oily particles on the surface to be cleaned, and vaporize them, so that the surface cleaned by the saturated steam can reach an ultra-clean state; at the same time, the supersaturated steam can effectively cut into the Clean the small voids and holes inside the housing.
  • the steam spraying device By setting the steam spraying device on the four sides of the transmission line 3, the cleaning efficiency of the special-shaped casing is increased, and the cleaning production line is enlarged; the X-ray detection device is used to replace the human to identify the cleanliness of the screw, so that the control system can control the clamping jaw group.
  • the rotation speed and the access time of the high-temperature gas in the cleaning component are fully automatic and unmanned to realize batch cleaning of the shell parts.

Abstract

Disclosed are a device for removing oil and dirt from housing parts and a working method, the device comprising: a case body (1), a cleaning station (2) fixedly installed on the case body (1), a conveying line (3) that penetrates the case body (1) and that is located below the cleaning station (2), an X-ray detection apparatus that is disposed in the case body (1) and that communicates with a control system, and an oil and dirt collecting apparatus (4) fixedly installed below the case body. The cleaning station (2) comprises a gantry support assembly (20) fixedly installed in the case body (1), steam spray guns (7) fixedly installed on two sides of a gantry support, a water pipe which communicates with a steam generating apparatus, a jacking apparatus which is fixedly inserted into the two sides of the gantry support to communicate with the steam spray guns and which is fixedly installed at the bottom portion of the conveying line, and a protective cover (21) sleevingly connected to the exterior of the gantry support. The device uses saturated steam under the action of an over-high temperature and high pressure, and the over-saturated steam may be effectively cut into small gaps and holes in the interior of a housing for cleaning.

Description

一种壳体零件油垢清除设备及工作方法A kind of shell parts grease removal equipment and working method 技术领域technical field
本发明属于壳体零件清洁设备领域,尤其是一种壳体零件油垢清除设备及工作方法。 The invention belongs to the field of casing parts cleaning equipment, in particular to a casing part grease removal equipment and a working method.
背景技术Background technique
现有的电机及其它驱动装置的壳体零件的内部和外部开设有多个安装孔或安装槽,安装孔和安装槽中表面设有便于安装的螺纹,因此壳体零件在长期的使用过程,适配壳体零件上的润滑油脂与空气中的灰尘,以及生产车间中的废屑混合成具有一定黏度的油垢,在废旧壳体零件回收组装时通常采用人工清洗壳体或者将壳体同一浸泡在放置有大量油脂溶解剂的清洗池中,但是这种方法常常产生大量的工业废水,与促进工业生产的环保宗旨抵触,且无法对壳体内部细小的孔件进行彻底清洗影响产品的翻新合格率。The housing parts of existing motors and other driving devices are provided with a plurality of mounting holes or mounting grooves inside and outside. The lubricating grease on the shell parts is mixed with the dust in the air and the waste in the production workshop to form grease with a certain viscosity. When the waste shell parts are recycled and assembled, the shell is usually cleaned manually or the shell is immersed in the same In the cleaning tank where a large amount of grease dissolving agent is placed, but this method often produces a large amount of industrial waste water, which contradicts the environmental protection purpose of promoting industrial production, and cannot thoroughly clean the small holes inside the shell, which affects the refurbishment of the product. Rate.
技术问题technical problem
提供一种壳体零件油垢清除设备及工作方法,以解决现有技术存在的上述问题。Provided are an equipment and a working method for removing grease and dirt from housing parts, so as to solve the above problems existing in the prior art.
技术解决方案technical solutions
一种壳体零件油垢清除设备,适用于废旧壳体零件回收产业,包括:A shell parts grease removal equipment, suitable for the waste shell parts recycling industry, including:
机箱本体,固定安装在机箱本体上的清洗工位,贯穿在机箱本体且位于清洗工位下方的传输线,设置在机箱本体中的且与控制系统通信的X射线检测装置,以及固定安装在机箱本体下方油垢收集装置。The chassis body, the cleaning station fixedly installed on the chassis body, the transmission line running through the chassis body and below the cleaning station, the X-ray detection device disposed in the chassis body and communicating with the control system, and the fixed installation on the chassis body Lower grease trap.
在进一步的实施例中,所述清洗工位包括:固定安装在机箱本体中的龙门支架组件,固定安装在龙门支架两侧的蒸汽喷枪,与蒸汽发生装置连通的水管且固定穿插在龙门支架的两侧与蒸汽喷枪连通,固定安装在传输线底部的顶升装置,以及套接在龙门支架外部的护罩;所述护罩的两侧设有光栅传感器。In a further embodiment, the cleaning station includes: a gantry bracket assembly fixedly installed in the chassis body, a steam spray gun fixedly installed on both sides of the gantry bracket, a water pipe communicating with the steam generating device and fixedly inserted into the gantry bracket The two sides are communicated with the steam spray gun, the jacking device fixedly installed at the bottom of the transmission line, and the protective cover sleeved on the outside of the gantry bracket; the two sides of the protective cover are provided with grating sensors.
在进一步的实施例中,所述龙门支架组件包括:固定安装在机箱本体上的四个支撑腿,固定安装在支撑腿上的横梁,设置在横梁上的X轴丝杠组件,以及传动安装在X轴丝杠组件上的基座;In a further embodiment, the gantry bracket assembly includes: four support legs fixedly installed on the chassis body, a beam fixedly installed on the support legs, an X-axis screw assembly disposed on the beam, and a drive mounted on the The base on the X-axis screw assembly;
所述基座的一侧固定安装升降装置;所述基座上还设有Y轴滑台组件;所述升降装置卡接在Y轴滑台组件上,所述升降装置的底部安装有第一清洁组件。One side of the base is fixedly installed with a lifting device; the base is also provided with a Y-axis sliding table assembly; the lifting device is clamped on the Y-axis sliding table assembly, and the bottom of the lifting device is installed with a first Clean components.
在进一步的实施例中,所述顶升装置包括:固定设置在机箱本体上的多个顶升气缸,以及安装在顶升气缸动力输出端的第二清洁组件;所述顶升气缸的动力带动第二清洁组件在传输线上进行升降运动。In a further embodiment, the jacking device includes: a plurality of jacking cylinders fixedly arranged on the chassis body, and a second cleaning assembly installed at the power output end of the jacking cylinder; the power of the jacking cylinder drives the first The second cleaning assembly is moved up and down on the transmission line.
在进一步的实施例中,所述升降装置:固定安装在基座上的升降气缸,固定连接在升降气缸输出杆且穿插过基座另一端的连接座,设置在连接座上的夹爪组件,以及转动安装在连接座底部一侧的升降丝杠;所述升降丝杠的底部一端固定连接第一清洁组件;所述升降丝杠与连接座的安装处设有轴承座;所述连接座的底部还设有驱动马达;所述升降丝杠的底部套接向外的齿圈,所述驱动马达的动力输出端设有升降丝杠齿圈适配的传动齿轮,进而驱动马达的动力带动传动齿轮转动,进而驱动升降丝杠在连接座轴承座上转动。In a further embodiment, the lifting device: a lifting cylinder fixedly installed on the base, a connecting seat fixedly connected to the output rod of the lifting cylinder and inserted through the other end of the base, a clamping claw assembly arranged on the connecting seat, and a lifting screw that is rotatably installed on one side of the bottom of the connecting seat; one end of the bottom of the lifting screw is fixedly connected to the first cleaning component; a bearing seat is provided at the installation place of the lifting screw and the connecting seat; The bottom is also provided with a drive motor; the bottom of the lift screw is sleeved with the outward gear ring, and the power output end of the drive motor is provided with a transmission gear adapted to the lift screw ring gear, and then the power of the drive motor drives the transmission The gear rotates, which in turn drives the lifting screw to rotate on the bearing seat of the connecting seat.
在进一步的实施例中,所述第一清洁组件包括:固定连接在升降丝杠底部的圆形基架,设置在圆形基架上的且围绕圆心环形排布的五个滑轨架,卡接滑轨上的五个扇形板,螺接在升降丝杠上丝杠螺母,以及铰接在丝杠螺母外侧和扇形板之间的铰接杆;所述扇形板的内部设有蒸汽接入管;所述蒸汽接入管上的开设有多个喷嘴;进而升降丝杠转动的过程中,转动力带动丝杠螺母在升降丝杠上进行上下方向的升降运动,所述丝杠螺母运动过程中带动铰接杆拉动扇形板在滑轨架上滑动,进而实现五个扇形板之间的缩放;所述五个扇形板伸展轨迹外切圆的最大直径小于夹爪组件之间的间距。In a further embodiment, the first cleaning assembly includes: a circular base frame fixedly connected to the bottom of the lifting screw, five slide rail frames arranged on the circular base frame and arranged in a ring around the center of the Connect the five sector plates on the slide rail, screw on the lead screw nut on the lifting screw, and a hinge rod hinged between the outer side of the lead screw nut and the sector plate; the inside of the sector plate is provided with a steam inlet pipe; The steam inlet pipe is provided with a plurality of nozzles; and during the rotation of the lifting screw, the rotating force drives the screw nut to perform up and down movements on the lifting screw, and the screw nut drives the lifting screw during the movement. The hinge rod pulls the fan-shaped plate to slide on the slide rail frame, thereby realizing zooming among the five fan-shaped plates; the maximum diameter of the circumscribed circle of the extension track of the five fan-shaped plates is smaller than the distance between the clamping jaw assemblies.
所述第二清洁组件包括:固定安装在顶升气缸输出端的蒸汽底座,固定安装在蒸汽底座上的供气支管,以及连接在供汽管上的蒸汽喷管;所述供汽管通过气管与蒸汽发生装置连通,所述气管上设有电磁阀,所述电磁阀与控制系统中的控制器电联。The second cleaning assembly includes: a steam base fixedly installed on the output end of the jacking cylinder, a gas supply branch pipe fixedly installed on the steam base, and a steam spray pipe connected to the steam supply pipe; the steam supply pipe is connected to the steam pipe through the gas pipe. The steam generating device is communicated, the air pipe is provided with a solenoid valve, and the solenoid valve is electrically connected with the controller in the control system.
在进一步的实施例中,所述夹爪组件包括,固定安装在连接座上的驱动部件,以及传动连接在驱动部件上的多个弧形爪; In a further embodiment, the clamping jaw assembly includes a driving part fixedly mounted on the connecting seat, and a plurality of arc-shaped jaws drivingly connected to the driving part;
所述驱动部件包括:固定安装在连接座上的双头气缸,固定设置在连接座上且与双头气缸平行的两组滑轨,以及固定安装在双头气缸输出端的夹爪连杆;所述夹爪连杆卡接在滑轨上在双头气缸的带动下在滑轨上移动,进而带动连接在夹爪连杆两端的弧形爪同步运动,带动两组对称安装的弧形爪相对运动对壳体零件进行夹取。The driving components include: a double-headed cylinder fixedly installed on the connecting seat, two sets of slide rails fixedly installed on the connecting seat and parallel to the double-headed cylinder, and a clamping claw connecting rod fixedly installed at the output end of the double-headed cylinder; The clamping jaw link is clamped on the slide rail and moves on the slide rail under the driving of the double-headed cylinder, thereby driving the arc-shaped claws connected at both ends of the clamping jaw link to move synchronously, driving the two sets of symmetrically installed arc-shaped claws to face each other. The motion clamps the shell parts.
在进一步的实施例中,所述蒸汽喷枪的底部设有液压举升座,所述液压举升座的输出端固定连接蒸汽喷枪的出气端,可对喷枪喷口的角度进行调整。In a further embodiment, the bottom of the steam spray gun is provided with a hydraulic lift seat, and the output end of the hydraulic lift seat is fixedly connected to the air outlet end of the steam spray gun, and the angle of the spray gun nozzle can be adjusted.
在进一步的实施例中,包括如下工作步骤:In a further embodiment, the following steps are included:
S1、将壳体零件摆放在传输线上且摆放方式为开口向下逐一经过清洗工位;S1. Place the shell parts on the transmission line and place them in such a way that the openings go down through the cleaning stations one by one;
S2、护罩上的X射线检测装置传输过来的壳体零件进行透视检测,对壳体零件内外分布的油垢进出检测评估,控制系统控制传输线暂停,且同时根据壳体零件的尺寸位置控制X轴、Y轴以及Z轴三个方向的传动装置进行调整,升降装置带动夹爪组件下降对传输线的上的壳体零件进行夹取;S2. The shell parts transmitted by the X-ray detection device on the shield are subjected to perspective detection, and the oil and dirt distribution inside and outside the shell parts are inspected and evaluated. The control system controls the transmission line to pause, and at the same time controls the X-axis according to the size and position of the shell parts. , Y-axis and Z-axis transmission devices are adjusted in three directions, and the lifting device drives the jaw assembly to lower to clamp the casing parts on the transmission line;
S3、夹爪组件闭合后驱动马达带动传动齿轮转动,进而驱动升降丝杠在连接座上转动;进而升降丝杠转动的过程中,转动力带动丝杠螺母在升降丝杠上进行上下方向的升降运动,所述丝杠螺母运动过程中带动铰接杆拉动扇形板在滑轨架上滑动,进而实现五个扇形板之间的缩放;缩放的轨迹外切圆的直径大于壳体零件的最小边长;S3. After the clamping jaw assembly is closed, the driving motor drives the transmission gear to rotate, and then drives the lifting screw to rotate on the connecting seat; and then during the rotation of the lifting screw, the rotating force drives the screw nut to move up and down on the lifting screw. During the movement of the lead screw nut, the hinge rod is driven to pull the sector plate to slide on the slide rail frame, thereby realizing the scaling between the five sector plates; the diameter of the circumscribed circle of the scaled trajectory is greater than the minimum side length of the shell part ;
S4、控制系统控制蒸汽发生装置开启,通过供气支管向第一清洁组件中的蒸汽接入管输送高温蒸汽,高温蒸汽从扇形板上的喷嘴中向下喷发;第二清洁组件在若干个顶升气缸的带动下向上运动,使得蒸汽喷管从传输线的缝隙中穿过向上运动靠近壳体内部,进而对壳内部进行清洁;S4. The control system controls the opening of the steam generating device, and sends high-temperature steam to the steam access pipe in the first cleaning assembly through the air supply branch pipe, and the high-temperature steam is sprayed downward from the nozzles on the fan-shaped plate; the second cleaning assembly is located on several tops Driven by the lift cylinder, it moves upwards, so that the steam nozzle passes through the gap of the transmission line and moves upwards close to the inside of the shell, thereby cleaning the inside of the shell;
S5、护罩两侧的蒸汽喷枪根据螺杆的尺寸及位置在液压举升座的调整下,使喷口与壳体零件外部面形成夹角,进而从多个方向对壳体零件进行高压蒸汽清洁使壳体表面和内部的油垢掉落至油垢收集装置中。S5. The steam spray gun on both sides of the shield is adjusted by the hydraulic lift seat according to the size and position of the screw, so that the nozzle and the outer surface of the shell parts form an angle, and then the shell parts are cleaned with high pressure steam from multiple directions. The grease on the surface and inside of the housing falls into the grease collecting device.
有益效果beneficial effect
1、采用过高温高压作用下的饱和蒸汽,对被清洗表面的油渍物颗进行溶解,并将其汽化蒸发,能让饱和蒸汽清洗过的表面达到超净态;同时,过饱和蒸汽可以有效切入壳体内部的细小空隙以及孔缝中进行清洁。1. Use saturated steam under the action of super high temperature and high pressure to dissolve the oily particles on the surface to be cleaned, and vaporize them, so that the surface cleaned by saturated steam can reach an ultra-clean state; at the same time, supersaturated steam can effectively cut in Clean the small voids and holes inside the housing.
2、通过在传输线四个方面设置蒸汽喷发装置,加大对异形壳体的清洗效率的提升,扩大清洗产线;2. By setting up steam spraying devices in four aspects of the transmission line, the cleaning efficiency of the special-shaped shell is increased, and the cleaning production line is expanded;
3、采用X射线检测装置代替人识别螺杆的清洁度,进而使得控制系统控制夹爪组价转动速度和清洁组件中高温气体的接入时间,全自动无人化实现对壳体零件批量清洁。3. The X-ray detection device is used to replace the human to identify the cleanliness of the screw, so that the control system can control the rotation speed of the jaw assembly and the access time of the high-temperature gas in the cleaning component, and realize the batch cleaning of the shell parts automatically and unmanned.
附图说明Description of drawings
图1是本发明壳体零件油垢清除设备的整体示意图。FIG. 1 is an overall schematic diagram of the oil scale removing equipment for housing parts of the present invention.
图2是本发明壳体零件油垢清除设备的结构示意图。FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the device for removing grease and dirt from the housing parts of the present invention.
图3是本发明Y轴滑台组件的结构示意图。FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the Y-axis slide assembly of the present invention.
图4是本发明升降装置的结构示意图。FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the lifting device of the present invention.
图5是本发明第一清洁组件的结构示意图。FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the first cleaning assembly of the present invention.
图6是本发明夹爪组件的结构示意图。FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the jaw assembly of the present invention.
图7是本发明圆形基架的实施例1图。FIG. 7 is a view of Embodiment 1 of the circular base frame of the present invention.
图8是本发明圆形基架的实施例2图。FIG. 8 is a view of Embodiment 2 of the circular base frame of the present invention.
图9是本发明蒸汽喷枪的安装示意图。Figure 9 is a schematic view of the installation of the steam spray gun of the present invention.
附图标记为:机箱本体1、清洗机构2、龙门支架组件20、支撑腿200、横梁201、X轴丝杠组件202、基座203、升降装置204、升降气缸2040、连接座2041、升降丝杠2042、丝杠螺母2043、驱动马达2044、传动齿轮2045、齿圈2046、护罩21、Y轴滑台组件22、第一清洁组件23、圆形基架230、滑轨架231、扇形板232、铰接杆233、喷嘴234、夹爪组件24、驱动部件240、双头气缸2400、夹爪连杆2401、弧形爪241、第二清洁组件26、蒸汽底座260、供气支管261、蒸汽喷管262、顶升气缸27、传输线3、油垢收集装置4、蒸汽发生装置5、气管6、蒸汽喷枪7、液压举升座70。Reference numerals are: chassis body 1, cleaning mechanism 2, gantry bracket assembly 20, support legs 200, beam 201, X-axis screw assembly 202, base 203, lifting device 204, lifting cylinder 2040, connecting seat 2041, lifting wire Rod 2042, lead screw nut 2043, drive motor 2044, transmission gear 2045, ring gear 2046, shield 21, Y-axis slide assembly 22, first cleaning assembly 23, circular base frame 230, slide rail frame 231, sector plate 232, hinge rod 233, nozzle 234, jaw assembly 24, driving part 240, double-headed air cylinder 2400, jaw link 2401, arc jaw 241, second cleaning assembly 26, steam base 260, air supply branch pipe 261, steam Nozzle 262 , jacking cylinder 27 , transmission line 3 , grease collecting device 4 , steam generating device 5 , gas pipe 6 , steam spray gun 7 , hydraulic lifting seat 70 .
本发明的实施方式Embodiments of the present invention
在下文的描述中,给出了大量具体的细节以便提供对本发明更为彻底的理解。然而,对于本领域技术人员而言显而易见的是,本发明可以无需一个或多个这些细节而得以实施。在其他的例子中,为了避免与本发明发生混淆,对于本领域公知的一些技术特征未进行描述。In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a more thorough understanding of the present invention. It will be apparent, however, to one skilled in the art that the present invention may be practiced without one or more of these details. In other instances, some technical features known in the art have not been described in order to avoid obscuring the present invention.
废旧壳体零件回收产业中,申请人发现现有的电机及其它驱动装置的壳体零件的内部和外部开设有多个安装孔或安装槽,安装孔和安装槽中表面设有便于安装的螺纹,因此壳体零件在长期的使用过程,适配壳体零件上的润滑油脂与空气中的灰尘,以及生产车间中的废屑混合成具有一定黏度的油垢,在废旧壳体零件回收组装时通常采用人工清洗壳体或者将壳体同一浸泡在放置有大量油脂溶解剂的清洗池中,但是这种方法常常产生大量的工业废水,与促进工业生产的环保宗旨抵触,且无法对壳体内部细小的孔件进行彻底清洗影响产品的翻新合格率。In the recycling industry of waste casing parts, the applicant found that the casing parts of existing motors and other drive devices are provided with a plurality of mounting holes or mounting grooves inside and outside, and the surfaces of the mounting holes and the mounting grooves are provided with threads for easy installation. Therefore, during the long-term use of the shell parts, the lubricating grease on the shell parts, the dust in the air, and the waste in the production workshop are mixed into grease with a certain viscosity. The shell is cleaned manually or the shell is immersed in a cleaning tank with a large amount of grease dissolving agent, but this method often produces a large amount of industrial waste water, which is contrary to the environmental protection purpose of promoting industrial production, and cannot be used for the small size of the shell. Thorough cleaning of the hole parts will affect the refurbishment pass rate of the product.
如图1至图9所示的一种壳体零件油垢清除设备,包括:机箱本体1、清洗机构2、龙门支架组件20、支撑腿200、横梁201、X轴丝杠组件202、基座203、升降装置204、升降气缸2040、连接座2041、升降丝杠2042、丝杠螺母2043、驱动马达2044、传动齿轮2045、齿圈2046、护罩21、Y轴滑台组件22、第一清洁组件23、圆形基架230、滑轨架231、扇形板232、铰接杆233、喷嘴234、夹爪组件24、驱动部件240、双头气缸2400、夹爪连杆2401、弧形爪241、第二清洁组件26、蒸汽底座260、供气支管261、蒸汽喷管262、顶升气缸27、传输线3、油垢收集装置4、蒸汽发生装置5、气管6、蒸汽喷枪7、液压举升座70。As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 9 , a device for removing grease and dirt from housing parts includes: a chassis body 1 , a cleaning mechanism 2 , a gantry bracket assembly 20 , a support leg 200 , a beam 201 , an X-axis screw assembly 202 , and a base 203 , lifting device 204, lifting cylinder 2040, connecting seat 2041, lifting screw 2042, screw nut 2043, drive motor 2044, transmission gear 2045, ring gear 2046, shield 21, Y-axis slide assembly 22, first cleaning assembly 23. Circular base frame 230, slide rail frame 231, sector plate 232, hinge rod 233, nozzle 234, jaw assembly 24, driving part 240, double-headed cylinder 2400, jaw link 2401, arc jaw 241, Two cleaning components 26 , steam base 260 , gas supply branch pipe 261 , steam nozzle 262 , lifting cylinder 27 , transmission line 3 , grease collecting device 4 , steam generating device 5 , gas pipe 6 , steam spray gun 7 , hydraulic lifting seat 70 .
其中机箱本体1的底部设有多个支撑组件,机箱本体1采用铝合金材料制成,清洗工位2固定安装在机箱本体1的内部,传输线3贯穿在机箱本体1且位于清洗工位2的下方,油垢收集装置4固定安装在机箱本体1下方。进而清洗工位2可对传输线3上传送来的壳体零件进行检测和清洗操作,实现壳体零件的全自动清洗。The bottom of the chassis body 1 is provided with a plurality of supporting components, the chassis body 1 is made of aluminum alloy material, the cleaning station 2 is fixedly installed inside the chassis body 1, and the transmission line 3 runs through the chassis body 1 and is located in the cleaning station 2. Below, the grease collecting device 4 is fixedly installed under the chassis body 1 . Furthermore, the cleaning station 2 can perform detection and cleaning operations on the casing parts transmitted on the transmission line 3, so as to realize the automatic cleaning of the casing parts.
相对于传统的采用高压水枪喷淋的清洗结构,本发明中所述清洗工位2包括:固定安装在机箱本体1中的龙门支架组件20,固定安装在龙门支架两侧的蒸汽喷枪7,与蒸汽发生装置5连通的水管且固定穿插在龙门支架的两侧与蒸汽喷枪7连通,固定安装再传输线底部的顶升装置,以及套接在龙门支架外部的护罩21;所述护罩21上设有X射线检测装置。可对壳体零件内部的油垢情况做出检测分析,龙门支架组件20安装在传输线3的上方,使得蒸汽喷枪7的喷气口与传输线3上的壳体零件相应。护罩21的两侧设有的光栅传感器可对零件的尺寸以及运行的位置进行检测,并将检测数据发送至控制系统。Compared with the traditional cleaning structure using high-pressure water gun spraying, the cleaning station 2 in the present invention includes: a gantry bracket assembly 20 fixedly installed in the chassis body 1, a steam spray gun 7 fixedly installed on both sides of the gantry bracket, and The water pipe connected to the steam generating device 5 is fixedly inserted on both sides of the gantry bracket and communicated with the steam spray gun 7, the jacking device at the bottom of the retransmission line is fixedly installed, and the shield 21 sleeved on the outside of the gantry bracket; the shield 21 Equipped with X-ray detection device. It is possible to detect and analyze the oil dirt inside the housing parts. The gantry bracket assembly 20 is installed above the transmission line 3 so that the air jets of the steam spray gun 7 correspond to the housing parts on the transmission line 3 . The grating sensors provided on both sides of the shield 21 can detect the size and running position of the parts, and send the detection data to the control system.
考虑到在清洗过程中的待清洗螺杆壳体零件的形状和口径不一,所述采用在龙门支架上设置X、Y以及Z轴方向的调整装置以达到对多个尺寸以及形状大小壳体零件的清洗调整,所述龙门支架组件20包括:固定安装在机箱本体1上的四个支撑腿200,固定安装在支撑腿200上的横梁201,设置在横梁201上的X轴丝杠组件202,以及传动安装在X轴丝杠组件202上的基座203;Considering the different shapes and calibers of the screw shell parts to be cleaned during the cleaning process, the adjustment device in the X, Y and Z axis directions is set on the gantry bracket to achieve the adjustment of multiple sizes and shapes of shell parts. The gantry bracket assembly 20 includes: four support legs 200 fixedly installed on the chassis body 1, a beam 201 fixedly installed on the support legs 200, an X-axis screw assembly 202 disposed on the beam 201, And the base 203 installed on the X-axis screw assembly 202;
所述X轴丝杠组件202包括固定安装在横梁201一端的第一伺服电机(未图示),传动连接第一伺服电机输出端,以及固定安装在横梁201上的丝杠,所述横梁201的顶部设有滑轨,所述基座203的底部设有与滑轨卡接的滑块且基座203与丝杠传动连接,进而第一伺服电机的动力经过X轴丝杠组件202带动基座203实现X轴方向的调整。The X-axis lead screw assembly 202 includes a first servo motor (not shown) fixedly installed on one end of the beam 201 , the output end of the first servo motor is drive-connected, and a lead screw fixed on the beam 201 , the beam 201 The top of the base 203 is provided with a slide rail, the bottom of the base 203 is provided with a slider that is clamped with the slide rail, and the base 203 is connected with the lead screw, and the power of the first servo motor drives the base through the X-axis lead screw assembly 202. The seat 203 realizes adjustment in the X-axis direction.
所述基座203的一侧固定安装升降装置204;所述基座203上还设有Y轴滑台组件22;所述Y轴滑台组件22包括:设置在基座203两端的滑轨,卡接在滑轨上的气缸安装板,固定连接在气缸安装板上的第二伺服电机,以及固定安装在滑轨底部的齿条;所述第二伺服电机的输出端传动连接与齿条适配的传动齿轮,进而第二伺服电机转动力带动传动齿轮在齿条上移动,进而调整气缸安装板在滑轨上沿着Y轴方向的位置调整。A lifting device 204 is fixedly installed on one side of the base 203; the base 203 is also provided with a Y-axis slide assembly 22; the Y-axis slide assembly 22 includes: slide rails arranged at both ends of the base 203, The cylinder mounting plate clamped on the slide rail, the second servo motor fixedly connected to the cylinder mounting plate, and the rack fixedly mounted on the bottom of the slide rail; the transmission connection of the output end of the second servo motor is adapted to the rack. The matching transmission gear, and then the second servo motor rotating force drives the transmission gear to move on the rack, and then adjusts the position of the cylinder mounting plate along the Y-axis direction on the slide rail.
所述升降装置204卡接在Y轴滑台组件22上,所述升降装置204的底部安装有第一清洁组件23。The lifting device 204 is clamped on the Y-axis slide assembly 22 , and the bottom of the lifting device 204 is installed with the first cleaning assembly 23 .
所述升降装置204:固定安装在基座203气缸安装板上的升降气缸2040,固定连接在升降气缸2040输出杆且穿插过基座203另一端的连接座2041,设置在连接座2041上的夹爪组件24,以及转动安装在连接座2041底部一侧的升降丝杠2042;所述升降丝杠2042的底部一端固定连接第一清洁组件23;所述升降丝杠2042与连接座2041的安装处设有轴承座;所述连接座2041的底部还设有驱动马达2044;所述升降丝杠2042的底部套接向外的齿圈2046,所述驱动马达2044的动力输出端设有升降丝杠2042齿圈2046适配的传动齿轮2045,进而驱动马达2044的动力带动传动齿轮2045转动,进而驱动升降丝杠2042在连接座2041轴承座上转动。The lifting device 204: a lifting cylinder 2040 fixedly installed on the cylinder mounting plate of the base 203, a connecting seat 2041 fixedly connected to the output rod of the lifting cylinder 2040 and inserted through the other end of the base 203, a clip arranged on the connecting seat 2041 The claw assembly 24, and the lifting screw 2042 rotatably installed on the bottom side of the connecting seat 2041; the bottom end of the lifting screw 2042 is fixedly connected to the first cleaning assembly 23; the installation place of the lifting screw 2042 and the connecting seat 2041 There is a bearing seat; the bottom of the connecting seat 2041 is also provided with a driving motor 2044; the bottom of the lifting screw 2042 is sleeved with the outward ring gear 2046, and the power output end of the driving motor 2044 is provided with a lifting screw The transmission gear 2045 adapted to the ring gear 2046 of the 2042, and then the power of the driving motor 2044 drives the transmission gear 2045 to rotate, and then drives the lift screw 2042 to rotate on the bearing seat of the connecting seat 2041.
考虑到壳体零件的大小及形状不一,所以采用一种可随零件尺寸形状调整的喷淋装置;所述第一清洁组件23包括:固定连接在升降丝杠2042底部的圆形基架230,设置在圆形基架230上的且围绕圆心环形排布的五个滑轨架231,卡接滑轨上的五个扇形板232,螺接在升降丝杠2042上丝杠螺母2043,以及铰接在丝杠螺母2043外侧和扇形板232之间的铰接杆233;所述扇形板232的内部设有蒸汽接入管;所述蒸汽接入管上的开设有多个喷嘴234;进而升降丝杠2042转动的过程中,转动力带动丝杠螺母2043在升降丝杠2042上进行上下方向的升降运动,所述丝杠螺母2043运动过程中带动铰接杆233拉动扇形板232在滑轨架231上滑动,进而实现五个扇形板232之间的缩放;所述五个扇形板232伸展轨迹外切圆的最大直径小于夹爪组件24之间的间距。进而扇形板232随着零件的尺寸进行收缩调整,满足同一批次不同壳体零件的需求,无需停机调整清洗。Considering the different sizes and shapes of the shell parts, a spray device that can be adjusted according to the size and shape of the parts is adopted; the first cleaning component 23 includes: a circular base frame 230 fixedly connected to the bottom of the lifting screw 2042 , five slide rail frames 231 arranged on the circular base frame 230 and annularly arranged around the center of the circle, five sector plates 232 on the clamping rail, screwed on the lift screw 2042 on the screw nut 2043, and The hinge rod 233 is hinged between the outer side of the screw nut 2043 and the fan-shaped plate 232; the interior of the fan-shaped plate 232 is provided with a steam inlet pipe; the steam inlet pipe is provided with a plurality of nozzles 234; During the rotation of the lever 2042, the rotational force drives the lead screw nut 2043 to move up and down on the lift screw 2042. During the movement of the lead screw nut 2043, it drives the hinge rod 233 to pull the sector plate 232 on the slide rail frame 231. Sliding, thereby realizing the scaling between the five sector-shaped plates 232 ; the maximum diameter of the circumscribed circle of the extending trajectory of the five sector-shaped plates 232 is smaller than the distance between the clamping jaw assemblies 24 . Further, the fan-shaped plate 232 shrinks and adjusts according to the size of the parts, so as to meet the requirements of different shell parts in the same batch, and there is no need to stop for adjustment and cleaning.
在实际使用过程中,壳体零件内部的深度不一,所以设计一个在传输线3上随意改变喷射高度清洗装置;所述顶升装置包括:固定设置在机箱本体1上的多个顶升气缸27,以及安装在顶升气缸27动力输出端的第二清洁组件26;所述顶升气缸27的动力带动第二清洁组件26在传输线3上进行升降运动。In the actual use process, the depth inside the shell parts is different, so a cleaning device is designed to change the spray height on the transmission line 3 at will; the lifting device includes: a plurality of lifting cylinders 27 fixed on the chassis body 1 , and a second cleaning assembly 26 installed at the power output end of the jacking cylinder 27 ; the power of the jacking cylinder 27 drives the second cleaning assembly 26 to move up and down on the transmission line 3 .
所述第二清洁组件26包括:固定安装在顶升气缸27输出端的蒸汽底座260,固定安装在蒸汽底座260上的供气支管261,以及连接在供汽管上的蒸汽喷管262;所述供汽管通过气管6与蒸汽发生装置5连通,所述气管6上设有电磁阀,所述电磁阀与控制系统中的控制器电联。当X射线检测装置检测到具有油垢的壳体零件通过时,控制系统控制电磁阀开启,进而对经过的壳体零件进行蒸汽清洁,使溶解的油垢掉落至油垢收集装置4中;The second cleaning assembly 26 includes: a steam base 260 fixedly installed on the output end of the jacking cylinder 27, a gas supply branch pipe 261 fixedly installed on the steam base 260, and a steam nozzle 262 connected to the steam supply pipe; the The steam supply pipe is communicated with the steam generating device 5 through the gas pipe 6, and the gas pipe 6 is provided with a solenoid valve, and the solenoid valve is electrically connected with the controller in the control system. When the X-ray detection device detects the passage of the shell parts with greasy dirt, the control system controls the solenoid valve to open, and then steam cleans the passing shell parts, so that the dissolved greasy dirt falls into the greasy dirt collection device 4;
所述夹爪组件24包括,固定安装在连接座2041上的驱动部件240,以及传动连接在驱动部件240上的多个弧形爪241;所述驱动部件240包括:固定安装在连接座2041上的双头气缸2400,固定设置在连接座2041上且与双头气缸2400平行的两组滑轨,以及固定安装在双头气缸2400输出端的夹爪连杆2401;所述夹爪连杆2401卡接在滑轨上在双头气缸2400的带动下在滑轨上移动,进而带动连接在夹爪连杆2401两端的弧形爪241同步运动,带动两组对称安装的弧形爪241相对运动对壳体零件进行夹取。The clamping jaw assembly 24 includes a driving part 240 fixedly mounted on the connecting seat 2041 , and a plurality of arc-shaped claws 241 drivingly connected to the driving part 240 ; the driving part 240 includes: the driving part 240 is fixedly installed on the connecting seat 2041 The double-headed cylinder 2400, two sets of slide rails that are fixedly arranged on the connecting seat 2041 and parallel to the double-headed cylinder 2400, and the gripper connecting rod 2401 fixedly installed at the output end of the double-headed cylinder 2400; It is connected to the slide rail and moves on the slide rail under the driving of the double-headed air cylinder 2400, which in turn drives the arc-shaped claws 241 connected at both ends of the clamping claw link 2401 to move synchronously, and drives the two sets of symmetrically installed arc-shaped claws 241 to move relative to each other. Shell parts are clamped.
所述蒸汽喷枪7的底部设有液压举升座70。,所述液压举升座70。的输出端固定连接蒸汽喷枪7的出气端,可对喷枪喷口的角度进行调整。The bottom of the steam spray gun 7 is provided with a hydraulic lift seat 70 . , the hydraulic lift seat 70 . The output end of the steam spray gun is fixedly connected to the air outlet end of the steam spray gun 7, and the angle of the spray gun nozzle can be adjusted.
进一步的对于残留在传输线3的的油垢,第一清洁组件23和第二清洁组件26同时开启,反向作用,进而使喷出的气流交错作用,加大对传输线3和护罩21上迸溅的油垢进行彻底清除。Further, for the grease remaining on the transmission line 3, the first cleaning component 23 and the second cleaning component 26 are opened at the same time, and act in opposite directions, so that the jetted air flows in a staggered manner, increasing the impact on the transmission line 3 and the shield 21. The grease is completely removed.
工作原理如下:It works as follows:
壳体零件摆放在传输线3上且摆放方式为开口向下逐一经过清洗工位;护罩21上的X射线检测装置传输过来的壳体零件进行透视检测,对壳体零件内外分布的油垢进出检测评估,控制系统控制传输线3暂停,且同时根据壳体零件的尺寸位置控制X轴、Y轴以及Z轴三个方向的传动装置进行调整,升降装置204带动夹爪组件24下降对传输线3的上的壳体零件进行夹取;夹爪组件24闭合后驱动马达2044带动传动齿轮2045转动,进而驱动升降丝杠2042在连接座2041上转动;进而升降丝杠2042转动的过程中,转动力带动丝杠螺母2043在升降丝杠2042上进行上下方向的升降运动,所述丝杠螺母2043运动过程中带动铰接杆233拉动扇形板232在滑轨架231上滑动,进而实现五个扇形板232之间的缩放;缩放的轨迹外切圆的直径大于壳体零件的最小边长;控制系统控制蒸汽发生装置5开启,通过供气支管261向第一清洁组件23中的蒸汽接入管输送高温蒸汽,高温蒸汽从扇形板232上的喷嘴234中向下喷发;第二清洁组件26在若干个顶升气缸27的带动下向上运动,使得蒸汽喷管262从传输线3的缝隙中穿过向上运动靠近壳体内部,进而对壳内部进行清洁;护罩21两侧的蒸汽喷枪7根据螺杆的尺寸及位置在液压举升座70。的调整下,使喷口与壳体零件外部面形成夹角,进而从多个方向对壳体零件进行高压蒸汽清洁使壳体表面和内部的油垢掉落至油垢收集装置4中。The shell parts are placed on the transmission line 3 and the way is that the openings go down through the cleaning station one by one; the shell parts transmitted by the X-ray detection device on the shield 21 are subjected to perspective detection, and the grease distributed inside and outside the shell parts is detected. In and out detection and evaluation, the control system controls the transmission line 3 to suspend, and at the same time controls the transmission device in the three directions of X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis to adjust according to the size and position of the housing parts, the lifting device 204 drives the gripper assembly 24 to descend to the transmission line 3 After the clamping jaw assembly 24 is closed, the driving motor 2044 drives the transmission gear 2045 to rotate, and then drives the lifting screw 2042 to rotate on the connecting seat 2041; and then during the rotation of the lifting screw 2042, the rotational force The lead screw nut 2043 is driven to move up and down on the lift screw 2042. During the movement of the lead screw nut 2043, the hinge rod 233 is driven to pull the sector plate 232 to slide on the slide rail frame 231, thereby realizing five sector plates 232. The diameter of the circumscribed circle of the scaled trajectory is greater than the minimum side length of the shell part; the control system controls the steam generator 5 to open, and delivers high temperature to the steam inlet pipe in the first cleaning component 23 through the gas supply branch pipe 261 Steam, high-temperature steam is sprayed downward from the nozzles 234 on the fan-shaped plate 232; the second cleaning assembly 26 moves upward under the driving of several lifting cylinders 27, so that the steam nozzle 262 moves upward through the gap of the transmission line 3 Close to the inside of the casing, and then clean the inside of the casing; the steam spray guns 7 on both sides of the shield 21 are located on the hydraulic lifting seat 70 according to the size and position of the screw. Under the adjustment, the nozzle and the outer surface of the shell parts form an angle, and then the shell parts are cleaned with high pressure steam from multiple directions, so that the grease on the surface and inside of the shell falls into the grease collecting device 4 .
本发明采用过高温高压作用下的饱和蒸汽,对被清洗表面的油渍物颗进行溶解,并将其汽化蒸发,能让饱和蒸汽清洗过的表面达到超净态;同时,过饱和蒸汽可以有效切入壳体内部的细小空隙以及孔缝中进行清洁。通过在传输线3四个方面设置蒸汽喷发装置,加大对异形壳体的清洗效率的提升,扩大清洗产线;采用X射线检测装置代替人识别螺杆的清洁度,进而使得控制系统控制夹爪组价转动速度和清洁组件中高温气体的接入时间,全自动无人化实现对壳体零件批量清洁。The invention uses saturated steam under the action of super high temperature and high pressure to dissolve the oily particles on the surface to be cleaned, and vaporize them, so that the surface cleaned by the saturated steam can reach an ultra-clean state; at the same time, the supersaturated steam can effectively cut into the Clean the small voids and holes inside the housing. By setting the steam spraying device on the four sides of the transmission line 3, the cleaning efficiency of the special-shaped casing is increased, and the cleaning production line is enlarged; the X-ray detection device is used to replace the human to identify the cleanliness of the screw, so that the control system can control the clamping jaw group. The rotation speed and the access time of the high-temperature gas in the cleaning component are fully automatic and unmanned to realize batch cleaning of the shell parts.
以上结合附图详细描述了本发明的优选实施方式,但是,本发明并不限于上述实施方式中的具体细节,在本发明的技术构思范围内,可以对本发明的技术方案进行多种等同变换,这些等同变换均属于本发明的保护范围。The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, the present invention is not limited to the specific details of the above-mentioned embodiments. Within the scope of the technical concept of the present invention, various equivalent transformations can be made to the technical solutions of the present invention, These equivalent transformations all belong to the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. 一种壳体零件油垢清除设备,其特征在于,包括: A device for removing grease and dirt from shell parts, characterized in that it includes:
    机箱本体,固定安装在机箱本体上的清洗工位,贯穿在机箱本体且位于清洗工位下方的传输线,设置在机箱本体中的且与控制系统通信的X射线检测装置,以及固定安装在机箱本体下方油垢收集装置;所述清洗工位包括:固定安装在机箱本体中的龙门支架组件,固定安装在龙门支架两侧的蒸汽喷枪,与蒸汽发生装置连通的水管且固定穿插在龙门支架的两侧与蒸汽喷枪连通,固定安装在传输线底部的顶升装置,以及套接在龙门支架外部的护罩;所述护罩的两侧设有光栅传感器。The chassis body, the cleaning station fixedly installed on the chassis body, the transmission line running through the chassis body and below the cleaning station, the X-ray detection device disposed in the chassis body and communicating with the control system, and the fixed installation on the chassis body The lower grease collection device; the cleaning station includes: a gantry bracket assembly fixedly installed in the chassis body, a steam spray gun fixedly installed on both sides of the gantry bracket, and a water pipe connected to the steam generating device and fixedly inserted on both sides of the gantry bracket A jacking device connected to the steam spray gun and fixedly installed at the bottom of the transmission line, and a shield sleeved on the outside of the gantry bracket; grating sensors are arranged on both sides of the shield.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种壳体零件油垢清除设备,其特征在于,所述龙门支架组件包括:固定安装在机箱本体上的四个支撑腿,固定安装在支撑腿上的横梁,设置在横梁上的X轴丝杠组件,以及传动安装在X轴丝杠组件上的基座; The device for removing grease and dirt from housing parts according to claim 1, wherein the gantry bracket assembly comprises: four support legs fixedly installed on the chassis body, and a beam fixedly installed on the support legs, arranged on The X-axis screw assembly on the beam, and the base on which the transmission is mounted on the X-axis screw assembly;
    所述基座的一侧固定安装升降装置;所述基座上还设有Y轴滑台组件;所述升降装置卡接在Y轴滑台组件上,所述升降装置的底部安装有第一清洁组件。One side of the base is fixedly installed with a lifting device; the base is also provided with a Y-axis sliding table assembly; the lifting device is clamped on the Y-axis sliding table assembly, and the bottom of the lifting device is installed with a first Clean components.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种壳体零件油垢清除设备,其特征在于,所述顶升装置包括:固定设置在机箱本体上的多个顶升气缸,以及安装在顶升气缸动力输出端的第二清洁组件;所述顶升气缸的动力带动第二清洁组件在传输线上进行升降运动。 The device for removing grease and dirt from housing parts according to claim 1, wherein the jacking device comprises: a plurality of jacking cylinders fixedly arranged on the casing body, and a first cylinder mounted on the power output end of the jacking cylinder. Two cleaning components; the power of the lifting cylinder drives the second cleaning component to perform lifting motion on the transmission line.
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的一种壳体零件油垢清除设备,其特征在于,所述升降装置:固定安装在基座上的升降气缸,固定连接在升降气缸输出杆且穿插过基座另一端的连接座,设置在连接座上的夹爪组件,以及转动安装在连接座底部一侧的升降丝杠;所述升降丝杠的底部一端固定连接第一清洁组件;所述升降丝杠与连接座的安装处设有轴承座;所述连接座的底部还设有驱动马达;所述升降丝杠的底部套接向外的齿圈,所述驱动马达的动力输出端设有升降丝杠齿圈适配的传动齿轮,进而驱动马达的动力带动传动齿轮转动,进而驱动升降丝杠在连接座轴承座上转动。 The device for removing oil and dirt from housing parts according to claim 2, wherein the lifting device is a lifting cylinder fixedly installed on the base, and a lifting cylinder that is fixedly connected to the output rod of the lifting cylinder and penetrates through the other end of the base. a connecting seat, a clamping claw assembly arranged on the connecting seat, and a lifting screw rotatably installed on one side of the bottom of the connecting seat; one end of the bottom of the lifting screw is fixedly connected to the first cleaning component; the lifting screw is connected to the connecting seat There is a bearing seat at the installation place; the bottom of the connecting seat is also provided with a driving motor; the bottom of the lifting screw is sleeved with the outward gear ring, and the power output end of the driving motor is provided with a lifting screw ring gear The adapted transmission gear, and then the power of the driving motor drives the transmission gear to rotate, and then drives the lifting screw to rotate on the bearing seat of the connecting seat.
  5. 根据权利要求2所述的一种壳体零件油垢清除设备,其特征在于,所述第一清洁组件包括:固定连接在升降丝杠底部的圆形基架,设置在圆形基架上的且围绕圆心环形排布的五个滑轨架,卡接滑轨上的五个扇形板,螺接在升降丝杠上丝杠螺母,以及铰接在丝杠螺母外侧和扇形板之间的铰接杆;所述扇形板的内部设有蒸汽接入管;所述蒸汽接入管上的开设有多个喷嘴;进而升降丝杠转动的过程中,转动力带动丝杠螺母在升降丝杠上进行上下方向的升降运动,所述丝杠螺母运动过程中带动铰接杆拉动扇形板在滑轨架上滑动,进而实现五个扇形板之间的缩放;所述五个扇形板伸展轨迹外切圆的最大直径小于夹爪组件之间的间距。 The device for removing grease and dirt from housing parts according to claim 2, wherein the first cleaning component comprises: a circular base frame fixedly connected to the bottom of the lifting screw, a circular base frame disposed on the circular base frame and Five slide rail racks arranged in a ring around the center of the circle, five fan-shaped plates on the slide rail, screwed on the lead screw nut on the lifting screw, and hinged rod hinged between the outer side of the screw nut and the fan-shaped plate; The inside of the fan-shaped plate is provided with a steam inlet pipe; the steam inlet pipe is provided with a plurality of nozzles; and during the rotation of the lifting screw, the rotating force drives the screw nut to move up and down on the lifting screw. During the movement of the lead screw nut, the hinge rod is driven to pull the sector plate to slide on the slide rail frame, thereby realizing the scaling between the five sector plates; the maximum diameter of the circumscribed circle of the extension track of the five sector plates less than the spacing between the jaw assemblies.
  6. 所述第二清洁组件包括:固定安装在顶升气缸输出端的蒸汽底座,固定安装在蒸汽底座上的供气支管,以及连接在供汽管上的蒸汽喷管;所述供汽管通过气管与蒸汽发生装置连通,所述气管上设有电磁阀,所述电磁阀与控制系统中的控制器电联。The second cleaning assembly includes: a steam base fixedly installed on the output end of the jacking cylinder, a gas supply branch pipe fixedly installed on the steam base, and a steam spray pipe connected to the steam supply pipe; the steam supply pipe is connected to the steam pipe through the gas pipe. The steam generating device is communicated, the air pipe is provided with a solenoid valve, and the solenoid valve is electrically connected with the controller in the control system.
  7. 根据权利要求3所述的一种壳体零件油垢清除设备,其特征在于,所述夹爪组件包括,固定安装在连接座上的驱动部件,以及传动连接在驱动部件上的多个弧形爪; A device for removing grease and dirt from housing parts according to claim 3, wherein the clamping jaw assembly comprises a driving member fixedly mounted on the connecting seat, and a plurality of arc-shaped claws drivingly connected to the driving member ;
    所述驱动部件包括:固定安装在连接座上的双头气缸,固定设置在连接座上且与双头气缸平行的两组滑轨,以及固定安装在双头气缸输出端的夹爪连杆;所述夹爪连杆卡接在滑轨上在双头气缸的带动下在滑轨上移动,进而带动连接在夹爪连杆两端的弧形爪同步运动,带动两组对称安装的弧形爪相对运动对壳体零件进行夹取。The driving components include: a double-headed cylinder fixedly installed on the connecting seat, two sets of slide rails fixedly installed on the connecting seat and parallel to the double-headed cylinder, and a clamping claw connecting rod fixedly installed at the output end of the double-headed cylinder; The clamping jaw link is clamped on the slide rail and moves on the slide rail under the driving of the double-headed cylinder, thereby driving the arc-shaped claws connected at both ends of the clamping jaw link to move synchronously, driving the two sets of symmetrically installed arc-shaped claws to face each other. The motion clamps the shell parts.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的一种壳体零件油垢清除设备,其特征在于,所述蒸汽喷枪的底部设有液压举升座,所述液压举升座的输出端固定连接蒸汽喷枪的出气端,可对喷枪喷口的角度进行调整。 The device for removing oil dirt from housing parts according to claim 1, wherein a hydraulic lift seat is provided at the bottom of the steam spray gun, and the output end of the hydraulic lift seat is fixedly connected to the air outlet end of the steam spray gun, The angle of the spray gun nozzle can be adjusted.
  9. 基于权利要求1所述的一种壳体零件油垢清除设备的工作方法,其特征在于,包括如下工作步骤: The working method of a housing part grease removal device according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises the following working steps:
    S1、将壳体零件摆放在传输线上且摆放方式为开口向下逐一经过清洗工位;S1. Place the shell parts on the transmission line and place them in such a way that the openings go down through the cleaning stations one by one;
    S2、护罩上的X射线检测装置传输过来的壳体零件进行透视检测,对壳体零件内外分布的油垢进出检测评估,控制系统控制传输线暂停,且同时根据壳体零件的尺寸位置控制X轴、Y轴以及Z轴三个方向的传动装置进行调整,升降装置带动夹爪组件下降对传输线的上的壳体零件进行夹取;S2. The shell parts transmitted by the X-ray detection device on the shield are subjected to perspective detection, and the oil and dirt distribution inside and outside the shell parts are inspected and evaluated. The control system controls the transmission line to pause, and at the same time controls the X-axis according to the size and position of the shell parts. , Y-axis and Z-axis transmission devices are adjusted in three directions, and the lifting device drives the jaw assembly to lower to clamp the casing parts on the transmission line;
    S3、夹爪组件闭合后驱动马达带动传动齿轮转动,进而驱动升降丝杠在连接座上转动;进而升降丝杠转动的过程中,转动力带动丝杠螺母在升降丝杠上进行上下方向的升降运动,所述丝杠螺母运动过程中带动铰接杆拉动扇形板在滑轨架上滑动,进而实现五个扇形板之间的缩放;缩放的轨迹外切圆的直径大于壳体零件的最小边长;S3. After the clamping jaw assembly is closed, the driving motor drives the transmission gear to rotate, and then drives the lifting screw to rotate on the connecting seat; and then during the rotation of the lifting screw, the rotating force drives the screw nut to move up and down on the lifting screw. During the movement of the lead screw nut, the hinge rod is driven to pull the sector plate to slide on the slide rail frame, thereby realizing the scaling between the five sector plates; the diameter of the circumscribed circle of the scaled trajectory is greater than the minimum side length of the shell part ;
    S4、控制系统控制蒸汽发生装置开启,通过供气支管向第一清洁组件中的蒸汽接入管输送高温蒸汽,高温蒸汽从扇形板上的喷嘴中向下喷发;第二清洁组件在若干个顶升气缸的带动下向上运动,使得蒸汽喷管从传输线的缝隙中穿过向上运动靠近壳体内部,进而对壳内部进行清洁;S4. The control system controls the opening of the steam generating device, and sends high-temperature steam to the steam access pipe in the first cleaning assembly through the air supply branch pipe, and the high-temperature steam is sprayed downward from the nozzles on the fan-shaped plate; the second cleaning assembly is located on several tops Driven by the lift cylinder, it moves upwards, so that the steam nozzle passes through the gap of the transmission line and moves upwards close to the inside of the shell, thereby cleaning the inside of the shell;
    S5、护罩两侧的蒸汽喷枪根据螺杆的尺寸及位置在液压举升座的调整下,使喷口与壳体零件外部面形成夹角,进而从多个方向对壳体零件进行高压蒸汽清洁使壳体表面和内部的油垢掉落至油垢收集装置中。S5. The steam spray gun on both sides of the shield is adjusted by the hydraulic lift seat according to the size and position of the screw, so that the nozzle and the outer surface of the shell parts form an angle, and then the shell parts are cleaned with high pressure steam from multiple directions. The grease on the surface and inside of the housing falls into the grease collecting device.
PCT/CN2021/087188 2020-08-25 2021-04-14 Device for removing oil and dirt from housing parts and working method WO2022041763A1 (en)

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