WO2020232963A1 - Smart irrigation control system, and control method therefor - Google Patents

Smart irrigation control system, and control method therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020232963A1
WO2020232963A1 PCT/CN2019/112405 CN2019112405W WO2020232963A1 WO 2020232963 A1 WO2020232963 A1 WO 2020232963A1 CN 2019112405 W CN2019112405 W CN 2019112405W WO 2020232963 A1 WO2020232963 A1 WO 2020232963A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
irrigation
data
module
valve
irrigation equipment
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2019/112405
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李艳
陈华
Original Assignee
Li Yan
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Li Yan filed Critical Li Yan
Priority to BR112021023176A priority Critical patent/BR112021023176A2/en
Publication of WO2020232963A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020232963A1/en
Priority to ZA2021/09247A priority patent/ZA202109247B/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/007Metering or regulating systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0089Regulating or controlling systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00 characterised by the use of electric means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the field of smart agriculture, and particularly relates to a smart irrigation control system and a control method thereof.
  • Agriculture is generally divided into two models for research: facility agriculture and field farming agriculture.
  • smart agriculture also proposes different automatic and smart irrigation methods and devices based on the two models of smart facility agriculture and smart field farmland agriculture.
  • There are many automated management methods and devices for smart facility agriculture but based on the hardware construction of the national high-efficiency water-saving irrigation pipe network system, it is suitable for the automated and intelligent management methods of field farmland agriculture for growing food and cash crops. And the device is almost blank.
  • the solenoid valve used in the existing agricultural automatic irrigation system can only perform two operations of "full open” and “full close”, and is not suitable for irrigation of agricultural fields.
  • the existing automated irrigation system for facility agriculture requires underground wires or poles to supply power to it, which is very inconvenient and impractical in the field of cultivated land.
  • the first objective of the present invention is to provide a smart irrigation control system, through which automatic control of water, fertilizer and medicine integrated irrigation is realized, without the need to manually open valves on site, saving time and effort, saving water, and avoiding water hammer in underground well valves
  • irrigation management has been improved and the efficiency of irrigation management has been significantly improved.
  • the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
  • a smart irrigation control system which is characterized by: comprising a data acquisition module, a data receiving module, a central processing module, an irrigation equipment management module, an irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and a feedback data module,
  • the data collection module is used to collect irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data, and send the collected data to the data receiving module;
  • the data receiving module is used to transfer the received data Send to the central processing module;
  • the central processing module is used to receive the data sent by the data sending module, classify, analyze, judge, and process the data to form irrigation requirements or according to manual input instructions (manual intervention can be used to control irrigation equipment, workers can use intelligent
  • the terminal controls the irrigation equipment at any time) to form irrigation requirements, and issue the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module;
  • the irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation requirements, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
  • the terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment controls the corresponding intelligent control irrigation actuator to execute corresponding actions according to the received irrigation instruction to irrigate, fertilize, and apply the field;
  • the feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment to the data collection module.
  • the feedback data module also sends the working status data of the irrigation equipment to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module sends the working status data to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module forwards the data to the central processing module.
  • the central processing module determines whether the irrigation equipment is normal.
  • the feedback data module sends the working status data of the irrigation equipment to the data acquisition module every set time (for example, feedback once every 15 minutes), so that it can quickly determine whether the irrigation equipment is working and eliminate the trouble when it takes time; the working status data includes voltage , Pressure, flow, heart rate, etc.
  • the irrigation equipment data includes the number, model, name, location, etc. of each irrigation equipment;
  • the crop data includes pictures of crop growth (whether there are insects, whether they are dry, the height of the crop, etc.);
  • the soil data includes soil surface temperature and humidity, Soil underground temperature and humidity, soil compaction, soil nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, pH value, and insect eggs;
  • the surrounding environment data includes air temperature and humidity, sunlight exposure, etc.;
  • the operation land data includes operations Data such as the number of acres of land, the slope of the surface, the grouping of the operating land, and the crop yield.
  • the valve data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data can be automatically collected by the corresponding sensors, or can be manually entered in the background after the detection by the corresponding detection instrument, so the data collection module can also be called It is a module for collecting data from irrigation equipment/manual background input data.
  • soil surface temperature and humidity, soil underground temperature and humidity, etc. can be collected by temperature and humidity sensors, air temperature and humidity can be collected by temperature and humidity sensors, and surrounding weather data can also be manually entered. As long as it can achieve various data collection.
  • the irrigation equipment includes various valves, large head filters, water storage sedimentation tanks and various pipelines.
  • the valves include main valves, fertilizer control valves, drug control valves, underground well valves, semi-stop valves and surface valves.
  • the water storage sedimentation tank is connected to the main valve through a pipeline, the main valve is connected to the large-head filter through the pipeline, and the large-head filter is connected to multiple underground well valves through the pipeline.
  • the underground well valves are connected in series with zero or more stop valves through the pipeline.
  • Multiple surface valves, fertilizer control valve and drug control valve are connected to the pipeline connecting the large-head filter and the underground well valve, or connected to the pipeline between the large-head filter and the water storage sedimentation tank.
  • the feedback data module sends the working status of the large header filter to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module forwards it to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module forwards it to the central processing module.
  • the central processing module judges according to the working status of the large header filter Whether the big head filter needs to be cleaned, if it needs cleaning, send an automatic cleaning command to the irrigation equipment management module, the irrigation equipment management module forwards the automatic cleaning command to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal execution module controls the automatic cleaning of the big head filter .
  • the working state of the large-head filter includes normal, blocked, closed, and open states.
  • the central processing module classifies, analyzes, judges and processes the data to form irrigation requirements specifically as follows:
  • the central processing module first classifies the received data, and classifies it according to irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data; then combines the classified data with the stored setting data for analysis, judgment, and After the treatment, the irrigation requirements are formed.
  • the irrigation requirements include whether irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application are required, where irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application are needed, and what is the amount of irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application. For example: A. When the humidity in the soil air is lower or higher than the set value, the central processing module alarms and automatically sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module, whether to switch the terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment; B.
  • the central processing module alarms and automatically sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module, whether to switch the terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment; C.
  • the central processing module alarms and automatically sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module, whether to switch the irrigation equipment terminal execution module.
  • the irrigation instruction includes which valve is executed, the valve opening and closing degree, the opening and closing state, and the opening time.
  • the execution data includes the operating opening and closing degree, opening and closing state and execution time of each valve, as well as the sleep wake-up setting time and so on.
  • the feedback data module also sends the operating voltage value of the irrigation equipment to the data receiving module, which forwards the data receiving module to the central processing module, and the central processing module determines whether the operating voltage is normal. To prevent the occurrence of irrigation accidents.
  • the above-mentioned smart irrigation control system is a software system of the IoT irrigation system, and is used to control the smart irrigation actuator of the hardware system of the IoT irrigation system.
  • the second objective of the present invention is to realize precise control of the opening and closing degree of each valve, and to realize automatic adjustment of the opening and closing degree of the valve from 0 to 360°.
  • the data collection module also needs to collect the water pressure in the pipeline. Therefore, it is necessary to install a water pressure detection device on the water inlet or outlet pipe of each valve to detect the water pressure in the pipeline, and to detect the water pressure in the pipeline.
  • the water pressure is sent to the data acquisition module, and the data acquisition module is sent to the central processing module.
  • the central processing module compares the received water pressure with the rated water pressure of the pipeline to determine whether the rated water pressure is reached, and if not, then Send a continuous adjustment command to the irrigation equipment management module. If it is reached, then send a stop adjustment command to the irrigation equipment management module.
  • the irrigation equipment management module will issue the corresponding command to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal execution module will act according to the received Order to continue to issue action instructions to the intelligent control irrigation actuator to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stop adjusting the opening and closing degree of each valve.
  • the irrigation equipment terminal execution module will act according to the received Order to continue to issue action instructions to the intelligent control irrigation actuator to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stop adjusting the opening and closing degree of each valve.
  • the surface valve opening and closing degree can be controlled by 0-360°.
  • the intelligent control irrigation actuator can be connected with two-way, three-way, Multi-way valves such as four-way and five-way valves can realize water output control in all outlet directions. Since water can be controlled in multiple directions, the number of surface valves and the number of intelligently controlled irrigation actuators can be reduced, which can greatly save costs.
  • the third object of the present invention is to provide a smart irrigation control method.
  • the specific steps of the method are:
  • Step 1 The data collection module sends the collected irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data to the data receiving module;
  • Step 2 The data receiving module sends the received irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data to the central processing module;
  • Step 3 The central processing module classifies, analyzes, judges, and processes the received data to form irrigation requirements, and sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module;
  • Step 4 The irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation request or dormancy request, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
  • Step 5 The terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment controls the corresponding intelligent control irrigation actuator according to the received irrigation instruction, and executes the corresponding actions to perform irrigation, pesticide application, and fertilization.
  • Step 6 The feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment to the data acquisition module, which sends the data acquisition module to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module to the central processing module.
  • the central processing module compares and judges based on the execution data and issues the corresponding shutdown
  • the instruction is sent to the irrigation equipment management module, and the irrigation equipment management module sends it to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module to control the corresponding intelligent control irrigation actuator to end the corresponding action and stop irrigation, pesticide application, and fertilization.
  • Step 5 is specifically: there is an irrigation command in the irrigation command to control the main valve to open, and also to control the corresponding underground valve and surface valve to open.
  • the underground valve and surface valve that do not need to be opened are in a dormant state and closed; especially wake up
  • the underground well valve shall be opened and closed step by step in multiple positions until the underground well valve is fully opened.
  • the opening and closing degree of the underground well valve must also be closed step by step.
  • the step-by-step adjustment setting work of increasing and decreasing is essentially to delay the opening and closing of the underground well valve. Doing so will certainly avoid accidents such as water hammer and pipe burst in underground pipe network facilities.
  • step 5 after each valve is opened, the water pressure detection device detects the water pressure in the pipeline and sends the detected water pressure to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module sends the data acquisition module to the data reception module, and the data reception module forwards it to the central processing module ,
  • the central processing module compares and judges with the rated water pressure, and sends a command to continue or stop adjustment to the irrigation equipment management module according to the judgment result.
  • the irrigation equipment management module forwards it to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal execution module receives The command continues to control the intelligent control irrigation actuator to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stop adjusting the valve opening and closing degree.
  • the present invention has the following beneficial effects:
  • the present invention collects irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data through the data collection module, and sends these data to the central processing module for classification, analysis, judgment, and processing to form irrigation requirements.
  • Irrigation requirements form irrigation instructions.
  • the irrigation equipment will execute whether to irrigate, apply pesticides, fertilize, and how long to irrigate, apply pesticides, and fertilize those places.
  • Dormant commands are issued without irrigation, pesticides, or fertilization. After the execution is completed, it will automatically shut down and execute the sleep command.
  • the invention can realize automatic irrigation, pesticide application and fertilization of farmland, and it is well-founded irrigation, pesticide application and fertilization, which is not only suitable for the growth of crops, but also does not cause waste of medicine, fertilizer, water and electricity.
  • irrigation, pesticide application and fertilization which is not only suitable for the growth of crops, but also does not cause waste of medicine, fertilizer, water and electricity.
  • farmers There is no need for farmers to go to the underground well to manually open the underground well valve switch during their own rotation irrigation time, which saves time and effort.
  • the automatic control of water, fertilizer and medicine integrated irrigation is realized.
  • the invention obtains the optimal irrigation water quota, fertilizer supply value and plant protection early warning value in the land with different organic matter ratios for grains and economic crops in different growth periods.
  • the present invention installs water pressure detection devices on the water inlet and outlet pipes of the surface valve to detect the water pressure in the pipeline, and send the detected water pressure to the data acquisition module, and the data acquisition module to the central processing unit Module, the central processing module compares the received water pressure with the rated water pressure of the pipeline to determine whether the rated water pressure is reached, and if it does not reach the rated water pressure, it sends a continuous adjustment command to the irrigation equipment management module.
  • the equipment management module issues a stop adjustment command, and the irrigation equipment management module issues the corresponding command to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module.
  • the irrigation equipment terminal execution module continues to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stops adjusting the valve opening and closing degree according to the received command.
  • the valve can be controlled at 0-360° opening and closing, and when equipped with multi-way valves such as three-way and five-way valves, the control mechanism of the valve can be reduced, and it can be 2 Reduce equipment cost by 4 times, and increase irrigation management area by 2 or 4 times.
  • the present invention can count the number of acres, output, fertilizers (use of chemical fertilizers and organic fertilizers), chemical and biological expenses for plant protection and other changes in production materials of a certain crop in field farmland agricultural production areas.
  • Regulation, the local government guides the planting structure of agricultural product varieties and provides data support for agricultural production; the collected soil moisture allows agricultural producers to scientifically arrange production activities; analyzes and summarizes the biological data and structure of biological fertilizers and biopharmaceuticals.
  • the comparative analysis of the statistical results of fertilizers and chemical pesticides provides a data basis for farmers to reduce expenditure and increase income while quantifying the restoration and improvement of green ecological agriculture.
  • the invention can control the irrigation equipment to be awakened when it needs to be used, and to sleep when it is not needed, so as to minimize the consumption of electric energy.
  • the flow value of water, fertilizer, medicine and other fluid media calculate the number of water supply and fertilizer, medicine and other values of the crop in each growth period or each period, so as to accurately count and calculate the crop in each period.
  • the scientific water requirement for irrigation and the different fertilizer requirement and biological drug dosage, and the corresponding water fee, fertilizer fee and chemical fee can also be calculated.
  • the irrigation equipment data collected by the data collection module of the present invention includes the number, model, name, location, power, etc. of each irrigation equipment;
  • the crop data includes crop growth pictures (whether there are insects, whether they are dry, the height of the crop, etc.);
  • the soil data includes soil surface temperature and humidity, soil underground temperature and humidity, soil compaction, soil nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and insect eggs;
  • the surrounding environment data includes air temperature and humidity, sun exposure, etc.;
  • the operation land data includes data such as the number of acres of the operation land, the surface slope, the grouping of the operation land, and the crop yield.
  • the valve is driven by the present invention to open and close from 0 to 360, which can be applied to the simultaneous irrigation management system of multiple irrigation terminal equipment of one spout belt in the vertical and horizontal groups, and it is also suitable for multiple spout belts. Irrigation management systems with different combinations of horizontal and vertical irrigation terminal equipment.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the arrangement structure of irrigation equipment of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the processing flow of each functional module of the present invention.
  • Figure 3 is a time sequence diagram of fertilization, pesticide application, and irrigation according to the present invention.
  • Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of the relationship between valve opening and closing degree and water pressure value
  • Figure 5 is a control flow chart of the present invention.
  • Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, and Fig. 9 together constitute a flow chart for the implementation of the irrigation equipment of the present invention. 9The first step.
  • Figure 10 is a schematic diagram of the structure of an intelligent control irrigation actuator used in conjunction with a five-way valve.
  • Reference numeral 101 water storage sedimentation tank, 102, main valve, 103, large head filter, 104, fertilizer control valve, 105, drug control valve, 106, underground well valve, 107, surface valve, 201, data acquisition module , 202, data receiving module, 203, central processing module, 204, irrigation equipment management module, 205, irrigation equipment terminal execution module, 206, feedback data module.
  • first group first group
  • second group second group
  • third group a side
  • b side second side
  • c side d side
  • the indicated orientation or positional relationship is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, which is only for the convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description.
  • the actual implementation includes but not limited to these directions or positions, and therefore cannot be understood as a limitation of the present invention. It cannot be understood as indicating or implying relative importance.
  • Irrigation system the rated time of irrigation for each period of crops, such as 6 hours of irrigation in this period.
  • a water storage sedimentation tank 101 is set near the field, and then arranged in the field through a pipeline.
  • the main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, and chemical control valve 105 are arranged on the pipeline, and multiple underground well valves 106 and multiple A surface valve 107.
  • a large-head filter 103 is arranged on the outlet pipe of the main valve 102, and the fertilizer control valve 104 and the drug control valve 105 are arranged on the outlet pipe of the large-head filter 103.
  • the surface valve 107 is a three-way or five-way valve. In this embodiment, a five-way valve is used as an example for introduction.
  • One port of the five-way valve is used as the water inlet, and the other four-way valve is used as the water outlet, respectively a, b, c, and d ends.
  • the inlet and outlet ends of the surface valve 107 are equipped with water pressure detection devices (not shown in the figure) for detecting the water pressure and water flow entering and leaving the surface valve.
  • the purpose of the intelligent irrigation system provided by the present invention is to realize the integrated intelligent control of irrigation, fertilization and pesticide application without manual participation, saving time and effort, and at the same time, it can control the opening and closing degree of surface valves from 0-360 degrees, and can realize surface valves Multi-directional control of water output and water output, detection of water pressure in pipelines, automatic adjustment of valve opening and closing, automatic irrigation in fields with different slopes and complex slopes without pipe bursting, adjusting the water pressure in the entire irrigation pipe network Consistent, so as to achieve uniform irrigation and improve irrigation efficiency.
  • the present invention provides a smart irrigation system, which includes the following functional modules:
  • It includes a data acquisition module 201, a data receiving module 202, a central processing module 203, an irrigation equipment management module 204, an irrigation equipment terminal execution module 205, and a feedback data module 206,
  • the data collection module is used for collecting irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data, and sending the collected data to the data receiving module;
  • the data receiving module is used to send the received data to the central processing module
  • the central processing module is used to receive the data sent by the data sending module, classify, analyze, judge, and process the data to form irrigation requirements, and issue the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module;
  • the irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation requirements, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
  • the irrigation equipment terminal execution module controls the corresponding intelligent control irrigation executor according to the received irrigation instruction, and the intelligent control irrigation executor executes the corresponding actions to irrigate, fertilize, and apply the field;
  • the feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment terminal to the data collection module.
  • the irrigation equipment data includes the number, model, name, location, voltage, current, etc. of each irrigation equipment;
  • the crop data includes a picture of crop growth (whether there are insects, whether it is dry, the height of the crop, etc.);
  • the soil data includes soil Surface temperature and humidity, soil and underground temperature and humidity, soil compaction, soil nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and insect eggs;
  • the surrounding environment data includes air temperature and humidity, sunlight exposure, etc.;
  • the operation land data includes Data such as the number of acres of operation land, surface slope, grouping of operation land, and crop yield.
  • the valve data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data can be automatically collected by the corresponding sensors, or can be manually entered in the background after the detection by the corresponding detection instrument, so the data collection module can also be called It is a module for collecting data from irrigation equipment/manual background input data.
  • soil surface temperature and humidity, soil underground temperature and humidity, etc. can be collected by temperature and humidity sensors, air temperature and humidity can be collected by temperature and humidity sensors, and surrounding weather data can also be manually entered. As long as it can realize various data collection.
  • the irrigation equipment includes various valves, large-head filters, water storage sedimentation tanks, water pressure detection devices and various connecting pipelines.
  • the valves include main valves, fertilizer control valves, drug control valves, underground well valves, semi-stop valves and Surface valve.
  • the central processing module classifies, analyzes, judges and processes the data to form irrigation requirements specifically as follows:
  • the central processing module first classifies the received data, and classifies it according to irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data; then combines the classified data with the stored setting data for analysis, judgment, and After the treatment, the irrigation requirements are formed.
  • the irrigation requirements include whether irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application are required, where irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application are needed, and what is the amount of irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application.
  • the irrigation instruction includes which valve is executed, the valve opening and closing degree, the opening and closing state, and the opening time.
  • the execution data includes the opening and closing degree, opening and closing state, and execution time of the valve.
  • the feedback data module also sends the operating voltage value of the irrigation equipment to the data receiving module, which forwards the data receiving module to the central processing module, and the central processing module determines whether the operating voltage is normal. To prevent the occurrence of irrigation accidents.
  • the second objective of the present invention is to realize precise control of the opening and closing degree of each valve, and to realize automatic adjustment of the opening and closing degree of the valve from 0 to 360°.
  • the data acquisition module also needs to collect the water pressure in the pipeline. Therefore, it is necessary to install a water pressure detection device on the inlet and outlet pipes of each valve to detect the water pressure in the pipeline and to detect the water pressure in the pipeline.
  • the water pressure is sent to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module is sent to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module is sent to the central processing module.
  • the central processing module compares the received water pressure with the rated water pressure of the pipeline to determine whether When the rated water pressure is reached, if it is not reached, the continuous adjustment command will be sent to the irrigation equipment management module. If it is reached, the stop adjustment command will be sent to the irrigation equipment management module.
  • the irrigation equipment management module will issue the corresponding command to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module. , The terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment continues to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stops adjusting the valve opening and closing degree according to the received command.
  • the central processing module 203 of the present invention can determine whether the soil is lacking water after analyzing the soil surface temperature, soil surface moisture, soil underground temperature, soil underground moisture, and N, P, and K data sent from the data collection module 201 , Lack of fertilizer, lack of medicine, lack of N, lack of P, lack of K. If irrigation or fertilization or application of chemicals is not required, there is no need to send a request to the irrigation equipment management module 204. If irrigation or fertilization or application of chemicals is required, this module Responsible for sending corresponding demands for irrigation, fertilization, or pesticide application to the irrigation equipment management module 204;
  • the central processing module 203 of the present invention can determine whether the soil is lacking water after analyzing the soil surface temperature, soil surface moisture, soil underground temperature, soil underground moisture, and N, P, and K data sent from the data collection module 201 , Lack of fertilizer, lack of medicine, lack of N, lack of P, lack of K, and can determine the main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, and drug control valve 105 according to the specific data of water shortage and the difference in water consumption at each growth stage of the crop.
  • the corresponding opening and closing degree of surface valve 107 can save water and irrigate evenly;
  • the central processing module 203 of the present invention analyzes the water pressure data sent from the data acquisition module 201, and can determine the main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, drug control valve 105, batch valve 107, batch Valve 108 and batch valve 109 are correspondingly opened and closed to prevent the occurrence of pipe bursting and pipe disconnection;
  • the central processing module 203 of the present invention after analyzing the pressure data sent from the data acquisition module 201, can determine the delayed opening time and closing time of the underground well valve 106, so as to avoid the water caused by the excessive opening pressure of the underground well valve.
  • the central processing module 203 of the present invention can send to the data collection module 204 a request for regular cleaning of the large first filter 103 at a specified time, to keep the filter clean and prevent impurities from blocking the irrigation terminal equipment and causing irrigation failure.
  • the irrigation equipment management module 204 if it does not receive a new request from the central processing module 203, it is responsible for issuing a sleep-on instruction to the irrigation terminal execution data module 205 to enable the main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, and medicine control valve 105.
  • the underground well valve 106 and the surface valve continue to sleep. If a new request from the central processing module 203 is received, a wake-up command will be issued to the irrigation terminal equipment execution module 205 according to the request to wake up the main valve 102 and the fertilizer control valve 104
  • the medicine control valve 105, the underground well valve 106, and the surface valve 107 enter the working state.
  • the irrigation equipment management module 204 sends a sleep instruction to the irrigation terminal equipment execution module 205 to make the main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, and medicine
  • the control valve 105, the underground well valve 106, and the surface valve 107 enter the dormant state.
  • This step can make the irrigation terminal equipment enter the dormant state according to instructions during the time period when it does not need to work, and wake up and enter the working state when it needs to work to save electrical energy.
  • the present invention can also add a communication module to upload all data to the server.
  • the server is connected to the user terminal, and the user can view the irrigation data at any time, or perform corresponding control through the terminal.
  • the present invention also provides a control method of the above system, as shown in Fig. 5:
  • Step 1 The data collection module sends the collected irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data to the data receiving module;
  • Step 2 The data receiving module sends the received irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data to the central processing module;
  • Step 3 The central processing module classifies, analyzes, judges, and processes the received data to form irrigation requirements, and sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module;
  • Step 4 The irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation request or dormancy request, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
  • Step 5 The terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment controls the corresponding irrigation equipment to perform corresponding actions according to the received irrigation instruction, and perform irrigation, pesticide application, and fertilization;
  • Step 6 The feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment to the data acquisition module, which sends the data acquisition module to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module to the central processing module.
  • the central processing module compares and judges based on the execution data and issues the corresponding shutdown
  • the instruction is sent to the irrigation equipment management module, which is sent to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module to control the corresponding irrigation equipment to end the corresponding actions, and stop irrigation, pesticide application, and fertilization.
  • step 5 after the underground well valve and the surface valve are opened, the water pressure detection device detects the water pressure in the pipeline, and sends the detected water pressure to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module sends it to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module forwards it
  • the central processing module compares and judges with the rated water pressure, and according to the judgment result, sends a command to continue or stop adjustment to the irrigation equipment management module, which forwards the irrigation equipment management module to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal executes
  • the module continues to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stops adjusting the valve opening and closing degree according to the received command.
  • the valve opening and closing gear is controlled according to the water pressure, which can realize the intelligent adjustment of the 0-360 degree opening and closing degree, which is more scientific, and irrigates uniformly without pipe bursting and improves irrigation efficiency.
  • Irrigation instruction output in the irrigation equipment management module start to wake up the main valve, the first group of underground well valves and surface valves, confirm whether to wake up, if not wake up, repeat the wake up until wake up; then wake up the cost control valve and drug control valve, confirm Yes, all wake up, if there is no wake up, repeat wake up until wake up; set the working opening and closing degree of the first group of underground well valves and surface valves; check whether the working opening and closing degree of each valve is in place, if not in place, continue to issue instructions, if open and close Is in place to issue instructions to open the underground well valve is in place, if it is to proceed to the next step, if continue to issue instructions; the first group of valves (five-way valve) on side a executes the irrigation system to start irrigation, and detects the water pressure and sends it to the central processor Perform comparison and judgment, and then adjust the valve a side opening and closing degree until it opens to the maximum opening and closing position without bursting the tube, and then start the fertilization sequence (
  • the second group of underground well valves 106 are awakened and executed in multiple stages
  • the opening and closing of the first group of underground well valves 106 is opened and closed step by step until the underground well valve is fully opened, and then the first group of underground well valves 106 is closed with a stepwise decreasing opening and closing degree until the underground well valve is completely closed.
  • the order of group irrigation can be executed, so that multiple groups of irrigation and selective irrigation can be completed.
  • an intelligent control irrigation actuator is used in conjunction with a five-way valve, which can manage an irrigation area of about 30 acres, which is four to six times the original irrigation area. If used for irrigating cash crops, it can reach 50 About acres.
  • the irrigation actuator operates on the four nozzles A, B, C, and D according to the rotation irrigation system.
  • the managed irrigation area is twice that of the three-generation irrigation system.
  • the investment in the construction of the underground pipeline network is one-half of the investment in the original pipeline network, that is, the national investment in high-efficiency water-saving irrigation construction is reduced by half the human, material and financial resources.
  • the economic benefits are huge, and the country, society, and farmers have benefited.

Abstract

A smart irrigation control system, an irrigation apparatus, and a control method therefor. The smart irrigation control system comprises: a data acquisition module (201), a data receiving module (202), a central processing module (203), an irrigation apparatus management module (204), an irrigation apparatus terminal execution module (205), and a feedback data module (206). The data acquisition module (201) is used to acquire and send related data to the data receiving module (202). The data receiving module (202) sends the received data to the central processing module (203) to be processed and form an irrigation request. The central processing module (203) sends the irrigation request to the irrigation apparatus management module (204). The irrigation apparatus forms an irrigation instruction, and sends the irrigation instruction to the irrigation apparatus terminal execution module (205). The irrigation apparatus terminal execution module (205) controls the corresponding irrigation apparatus to execute a corresponding operation. The feedback data module (206) sends feedback of the irrigation apparatus terminal execution data to the data acquisition module (201). The invention achieves water-, fertilizer-, and pesticide-integrated automatic irrigation control, thereby eliminating the need of manually opening valves, and saving time and labor.

Description

一种智慧灌溉控制系统及其控制方法Intelligent irrigation control system and control method thereof 技术领域Technical field
本发明属于智慧农业领域,尤其涉及一种智慧灌溉控制系统及其控制方法。The invention belongs to the field of smart agriculture, and particularly relates to a smart irrigation control system and a control method thereof.
背景技术Background technique
农业一般划分为两个模型来研究:设施农业与大田耕地农业。相应地智慧农业也按智慧设施农业与智慧大田耕地类农业这两个模型提出不同的自动化、智能化灌溉方法与装置。智慧设施类农业存在着很多自动化管理方法与装置,但对于在国家高效节水灌溉管网系统的硬件建设基础上,适合种植粮食作物与经济作物的大田耕地类农业的自动化、智能化的管理方法与装置几乎是空白。Agriculture is generally divided into two models for research: facility agriculture and field farming agriculture. Correspondingly, smart agriculture also proposes different automatic and smart irrigation methods and devices based on the two models of smart facility agriculture and smart field farmland agriculture. There are many automated management methods and devices for smart facility agriculture, but based on the hardware construction of the national high-efficiency water-saving irrigation pipe network system, it is suitable for the automated and intelligent management methods of field farmland agriculture for growing food and cash crops. And the device is almost blank.
现实中的情况是,节水灌溉实行轮灌制度,轮灌制度下的农民的轮灌时间要求十分具体和严格,农民在自已的轮灌时间内要到地下井与半截止阀井内手动开启地下井阀与半截止阀开关,还要手动依次开启地上的多个阀门。实际大田现场灌溉中,大田土地都不是完全平整的,而是有不同的坡度,高低不一,梯田、山坡地、林区、景区绿化、沙漠绿化地带等都属于这种地形。对于大田灌溉,为了避免因水压过大造成爆管,浇灌完一侧田地,先要打开阀门浇另外一侧田地,然后关闭浇灌好的一侧阀门。因北方农田面积比较大,而且坡度不一,所以,会产生不同的水压,为避免水锤、爆管、脱管等现象的发生,农民只能用脚连续踩压地表软管,凭经验手动调整阀门开合度,这种人工开启阀门的方式费时、费力、费水而且灌溉管理工作效率低下。实际灌溉管理工作中,人工调节一道出水桩带的20个阀门需耗时约40分钟,按灌溉制度灌溉完成一侧后,需要灌溉完成另一侧,又需耗时40分钟,这样调整的过程中,必会出现因耗时而浪费水。The reality is that water-saving irrigation implements a rotation irrigation system. The farmers’ rotation time requirements under the rotation irrigation system are very specific and strict. The farmers must go to the underground wells and the semi-stop valve wells to manually open the underground during their own rotation irrigation time. The well valve and the semi-stop valve are switched on and off, and multiple valves on the ground must be opened manually. In actual field irrigation, the field land is not completely level, but has different slopes and heights. Terraces, mountain slopes, forest areas, scenic green areas, and desert green areas all belong to this type of terrain. For field irrigation, in order to avoid pipe bursts caused by excessive water pressure, after watering one field, first open the valve to water the other field, and then close the valve on the other side. Due to the relatively large area of farmland in the north and the different slopes, different water pressures will be generated. To avoid water hammer, pipe bursting, pipe dropping, etc., farmers can only use their feet to continuously press the surface hoses. Manually adjust the valve opening and closing degree. This manual valve opening method is time-consuming, labor-intensive, water-consuming and inefficient in irrigation management. In the actual irrigation management work, it takes about 40 minutes to manually adjust the 20 valves of a water outlet pile belt. After one side is irrigated according to the irrigation schedule, the other side needs to be irrigated, which takes another 40 minutes. This adjustment process In the process, water will be wasted due to time-consuming.
现有的农业自动化灌溉系统采用的电磁阀仅能进行“全开”和“全关”两种操作,并不适合用于农业大田物联网灌溉。另外一方面,现有的设施农业的自动化灌溉系统需要地下埋线或者架设线杆对其供电,这在大田耕地是很不方便、不实用。The solenoid valve used in the existing agricultural automatic irrigation system can only perform two operations of "full open" and "full close", and is not suitable for irrigation of agricultural fields. On the other hand, the existing automated irrigation system for facility agriculture requires underground wires or poles to supply power to it, which is very inconvenient and impractical in the field of cultivated land.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的第一目的是提供一种智慧灌溉控制系统,通过该控制系统,实现对水肥药一体灌溉自动控制,不需要人工去现场开启阀门,省时省力省水,规避地下井阀水锤现象发生与管网爆管等生产事故,灌溉管理工作得以完善,灌溉管理工作效率明显提高。The first objective of the present invention is to provide a smart irrigation control system, through which automatic control of water, fertilizer and medicine integrated irrigation is realized, without the need to manually open valves on site, saving time and effort, saving water, and avoiding water hammer in underground well valves In the occurrence of production accidents such as pipe bursts in the pipe network, irrigation management has been improved and the efficiency of irrigation management has been significantly improved.
为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采用的技术方案是:In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
一种智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于:包括数据采集模块、数据接收模块、中央处理模块、 灌溉设备管理模块、灌溉设备终端执行模块和反馈数据模块,A smart irrigation control system, which is characterized by: comprising a data acquisition module, a data receiving module, a central processing module, an irrigation equipment management module, an irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and a feedback data module,
所述数据采集模块用于采集灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据,并将采集到的数据发送给数据接收模块;所述数据接收模块用于将接收到的数据发送给中央处理模块;The data collection module is used to collect irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data, and send the collected data to the data receiving module; the data receiving module is used to transfer the received data Send to the central processing module;
所述中央处理模块用于接收数据发送模块发送过来的数据,对数据进行分类、分析、判断、处理后形成灌溉要求或者根据人工输入的指令(可以人工进行干预,控制灌溉设备,工人可以通过智能终端随时对灌溉设备进行控制)形成灌溉要求,并将灌溉要求下发给灌溉设备管理模块;The central processing module is used to receive the data sent by the data sending module, classify, analyze, judge, and process the data to form irrigation requirements or according to manual input instructions (manual intervention can be used to control irrigation equipment, workers can use intelligent The terminal controls the irrigation equipment at any time) to form irrigation requirements, and issue the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module;
所述灌溉设备管理模块根据接收到的灌溉要求形成灌溉指令,并将灌溉指令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块;The irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation requirements, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
所述灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的灌溉指令控制相应的智控灌溉执行器执行相应的动作,对田地进行灌溉、施肥、施药;The terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment controls the corresponding intelligent control irrigation actuator to execute corresponding actions according to the received irrigation instruction to irrigate, fertilize, and apply the field;
所述反馈数据模块将灌溉设备的执行数据反馈给数据采集模块。The feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment to the data collection module.
所述反馈数据模块还要将灌溉设备的工作状态数据给发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块将工作状态数据发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块转发给中央处理模块,中央处理模块判断灌溉设备是否正常。反馈数据模块每隔设定的时间将灌溉设备的工作状态数据发送给数据采集模块(例如每隔15分钟反馈一次),这样可以快速判定灌溉设备是否可工作,用时排除患;工作状态数据包括电压、压力、流量、心跳频率等。The feedback data module also sends the working status data of the irrigation equipment to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module sends the working status data to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module forwards the data to the central processing module. The central processing module determines whether the irrigation equipment is normal. The feedback data module sends the working status data of the irrigation equipment to the data acquisition module every set time (for example, feedback once every 15 minutes), so that it can quickly determine whether the irrigation equipment is working and eliminate the trouble when it takes time; the working status data includes voltage , Pressure, flow, heart rate, etc.
所述灌溉设备数据包括各个灌溉设备的编号、型号、名称、位置等;所述作物数据包括作物长势图片(是否有虫,是否干枯,作物高度等);所述土壤数据包括土壤地表温湿度、土壤地下温湿度、土壤板结度、土壤中氮、磷、钾等营养成分、ph值以及虫卵等情况;所述周围环境数据包括空气温湿度、阳光照射度等;所述作业土地数据包括作业土地的亩数、地表坡度、作业土地分组、作物产量等数据。所述阀门数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据可以通过相应的传感器自动进行采集,也可以通过人工利用相应的检测仪器进行检测后人工后台录入,所以数据采集模块也可以称之为灌溉设备采集数据/人工后台录入数据模块。如,土壤地表温湿度、土壤地下温湿度等可通过温湿度传感器采集,空气温湿度可通过温湿度传感器采集,也可人工录入周围气象数据。只要能够实现各种数据采集即可。The irrigation equipment data includes the number, model, name, location, etc. of each irrigation equipment; the crop data includes pictures of crop growth (whether there are insects, whether they are dry, the height of the crop, etc.); the soil data includes soil surface temperature and humidity, Soil underground temperature and humidity, soil compaction, soil nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, pH value, and insect eggs; the surrounding environment data includes air temperature and humidity, sunlight exposure, etc.; the operation land data includes operations Data such as the number of acres of land, the slope of the surface, the grouping of the operating land, and the crop yield. The valve data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data can be automatically collected by the corresponding sensors, or can be manually entered in the background after the detection by the corresponding detection instrument, so the data collection module can also be called It is a module for collecting data from irrigation equipment/manual background input data. For example, soil surface temperature and humidity, soil underground temperature and humidity, etc. can be collected by temperature and humidity sensors, air temperature and humidity can be collected by temperature and humidity sensors, and surrounding weather data can also be manually entered. As long as it can achieve various data collection.
所述灌溉设备包括各个阀门、大首部过滤器、蓄水沉淀池以及各个管道,所述阀门包括主阀、肥控阀、药控阀、地下井阀、半截止阀和地表阀。蓄水沉淀池通过管道与主阀相 连,主阀通过管道与大首部过滤器相连,大首部过滤器通过管道与多个地下井阀相连,地下井阀通过管道串联零个、一个以上截止阀与多个地表阀,肥控阀与药控阀连接在大首部过滤器与地下井阀相连的管道上,或者连接在大首部过滤器与蓄水沉淀池的管道上。The irrigation equipment includes various valves, large head filters, water storage sedimentation tanks and various pipelines. The valves include main valves, fertilizer control valves, drug control valves, underground well valves, semi-stop valves and surface valves. The water storage sedimentation tank is connected to the main valve through a pipeline, the main valve is connected to the large-head filter through the pipeline, and the large-head filter is connected to multiple underground well valves through the pipeline. The underground well valves are connected in series with zero or more stop valves through the pipeline. Multiple surface valves, fertilizer control valve and drug control valve are connected to the pipeline connecting the large-head filter and the underground well valve, or connected to the pipeline between the large-head filter and the water storage sedimentation tank.
所述反馈数据模块将大首部过滤器的工作状态发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块转发给数据接收模块,数据接收模块转发给中央处理模块,中央处理模块根据大首部过滤器的工作状态,判断大首部过滤器是否需要清洗,如果需要清洗则发出自动清洗命令给灌溉设备管理模块,灌溉设备管理模块将自动清洗命令转发给灌溉设备终端执行模块,灌溉设备终端执行模块控制大首部过滤器自动清洗。The feedback data module sends the working status of the large header filter to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module forwards it to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module forwards it to the central processing module. The central processing module judges according to the working status of the large header filter Whether the big head filter needs to be cleaned, if it needs cleaning, send an automatic cleaning command to the irrigation equipment management module, the irrigation equipment management module forwards the automatic cleaning command to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal execution module controls the automatic cleaning of the big head filter .
所述大首部过滤器的工作状态包括正常、堵塞、关闭、开启状态。The working state of the large-head filter includes normal, blocked, closed, and open states.
所述中央处理模块对数据进行分类、分析、判断和处理形成灌溉要求具体为:The central processing module classifies, analyzes, judges and processes the data to form irrigation requirements specifically as follows:
中央处理模块首先对接收到的数据进行分类,按照灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据进行分类;然后将分类后的数据结合存储的设定数据进行分析、判断、处理后,形成灌溉要求,灌溉要求包括是否需要进行灌溉、施肥、施药,什么地方需要灌溉、施肥、施药,灌溉、施肥、施药的量是多少等。例如:A.当土壤空气中的湿度低于或高于设定值时,中央处理模块报警自动将灌溉要求下发给灌溉设备管理模块,是否开关灌溉设备终端执行模块;B.当地表温湿度值高于设定时,中央处理模块报警自动将灌溉要求下发给灌溉设备管理模块,是否开关灌溉设备终端执行模块;C.当N、P、K等相关肥元素数据低于或高于设定值时,中央处理模块报警自动将灌溉要求下发给灌溉设备管理模块,是否开关灌溉设备终端执行模块。The central processing module first classifies the received data, and classifies it according to irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data; then combines the classified data with the stored setting data for analysis, judgment, and After the treatment, the irrigation requirements are formed. The irrigation requirements include whether irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application are required, where irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application are needed, and what is the amount of irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application. For example: A. When the humidity in the soil air is lower or higher than the set value, the central processing module alarms and automatically sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module, whether to switch the terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment; B. Local surface temperature and humidity When the value is higher than the setting, the central processing module alarms and automatically sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module, whether to switch the terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment; C. When the N, P, K and other related fertilizer element data are lower or higher than the setting When the value is set, the central processing module alarms and automatically sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module, whether to switch the irrigation equipment terminal execution module.
所述灌溉指令包括哪个阀门执行,阀门开合度、开合状态、开启时间等。The irrigation instruction includes which valve is executed, the valve opening and closing degree, the opening and closing state, and the opening time.
所述执行数据包括各个阀门的工作开合度、开合状态和执行时间以及休眠唤醒设置时间等。The execution data includes the operating opening and closing degree, opening and closing state and execution time of each valve, as well as the sleep wake-up setting time and so on.
所述反馈数据模块还要将灌溉设备的工作电压值发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块转发给中央处理模块,中央处理模块判断工作电压是否正常。以防止灌溉事故的发生。The feedback data module also sends the operating voltage value of the irrigation equipment to the data receiving module, which forwards the data receiving module to the central processing module, and the central processing module determines whether the operating voltage is normal. To prevent the occurrence of irrigation accidents.
上述智慧灌溉控制系统是物联网灌溉系统的软件系统,是用来控制物联网灌溉系统的硬件系统的智控灌溉执行器的。The above-mentioned smart irrigation control system is a software system of the IoT irrigation system, and is used to control the smart irrigation actuator of the hardware system of the IoT irrigation system.
本发明的第二目的是实现对各个阀门的开合度进行精确控制,实现阀门开合度0-360°的自动调节。The second objective of the present invention is to realize precise control of the opening and closing degree of each valve, and to realize automatic adjustment of the opening and closing degree of the valve from 0 to 360°.
为了实现该目的,数据采集模块还要采集管道内的水压,因此,需要在各个阀的进水管或者出水管上安装水压检测装置,用于检测管道内的水压,并将检测到的水压发送给数 据采集模块,数据采集模块再发送给中央处理模块,中央处理模块将接收到的水压与管道的额定的水压进行比对,判断是否达到额定的水压,如果未达到则向灌溉设备管理模块发出继续调节命令,如果达到,则向灌溉设备管理模块发出停止调节命令,灌溉设备管理模块将对应的命令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块,灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的命令继续向智控灌溉执行器下发动作指令从而调节阀门开合度或者停止调节各个阀门开合度。在不爆管的前提下尽量调大阀门的开合度,使得灌溉管网内的水压一致,均匀灌溉,提高灌溉效率。In order to achieve this purpose, the data collection module also needs to collect the water pressure in the pipeline. Therefore, it is necessary to install a water pressure detection device on the water inlet or outlet pipe of each valve to detect the water pressure in the pipeline, and to detect the water pressure in the pipeline. The water pressure is sent to the data acquisition module, and the data acquisition module is sent to the central processing module. The central processing module compares the received water pressure with the rated water pressure of the pipeline to determine whether the rated water pressure is reached, and if not, then Send a continuous adjustment command to the irrigation equipment management module. If it is reached, then send a stop adjustment command to the irrigation equipment management module. The irrigation equipment management module will issue the corresponding command to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal execution module will act according to the received Order to continue to issue action instructions to the intelligent control irrigation actuator to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stop adjusting the opening and closing degree of each valve. Under the premise of not bursting the pipe, try to adjust the opening and closing degree of the valve as much as possible, so that the water pressure in the irrigation pipe network is consistent, and the irrigation is even, and the irrigation efficiency is improved.
由于可以实现智控灌溉执行器(安装在各个阀门上)0-360°的工作行程从而对地表阀开合度进行0-360°控制,可以在智控灌溉执行器上连接二通、三通、四通、五通等多通阀门,能够实现各个出口方向的出水量控制。由于可以控制多个方向出水,就可以减少地表阀的数量以及智能控制灌溉执行器的数量,可大大节约成本。Since the 0-360° working stroke of the intelligent control irrigation actuator (installed on each valve) can be realized, the surface valve opening and closing degree can be controlled by 0-360°. The intelligent control irrigation actuator can be connected with two-way, three-way, Multi-way valves such as four-way and five-way valves can realize water output control in all outlet directions. Since water can be controlled in multiple directions, the number of surface valves and the number of intelligently controlled irrigation actuators can be reduced, which can greatly save costs.
本发明的第三目的是提供一种智慧灌溉控制方法,该方法具体步骤为:The third object of the present invention is to provide a smart irrigation control method. The specific steps of the method are:
步骤1,数据采集模块将采集到的灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据发送给数据接收模块; Step 1. The data collection module sends the collected irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data to the data receiving module;
步骤2,数据接收模块将接收到的灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据发送给中央处理模块;Step 2: The data receiving module sends the received irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data to the central processing module;
步骤3,中央处理模块将接收到的数据进行分类、分析、判断、处理后形成灌溉要求,并将灌溉要求下发给灌溉设备管理模块;Step 3: The central processing module classifies, analyzes, judges, and processes the received data to form irrigation requirements, and sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module;
步骤4,灌溉设备管理模块根据接收到的灌溉要求或者是休眠要求形成灌溉指令,并将灌溉指令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块;Step 4: The irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation request or dormancy request, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
步骤5,所灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的灌溉指令控制相应的智能控制灌溉执行器,执行相应的动作,进行灌溉、施药、施肥。Step 5: The terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment controls the corresponding intelligent control irrigation actuator according to the received irrigation instruction, and executes the corresponding actions to perform irrigation, pesticide application, and fertilization.
步骤6,反馈数据模块将灌溉设备的执行数据反馈给数据采集模块,数据采集模块发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块发送给中央处理模块,中央处理模块根据执行数据进行比较判断,发出相应的关闭指令给灌溉设备管理模块,灌溉设备管理模块发送给灌溉设备终端执行模块控制对应的智能控制灌溉执行器结束相应动作,停止灌溉、施药、施肥。Step 6. The feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment to the data acquisition module, which sends the data acquisition module to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module to the central processing module. The central processing module compares and judges based on the execution data and issues the corresponding shutdown The instruction is sent to the irrigation equipment management module, and the irrigation equipment management module sends it to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module to control the corresponding intelligent control irrigation actuator to end the corresponding action and stop irrigation, pesticide application, and fertilization.
步骤5具体为:灌溉指令中有灌溉指令,控制主阀打开,还要控制对应的地井下阀和地表阀打开,不需要打开的地井下阀和地表阀则处于休眠状态,关闭;尤其是唤醒地下井阀后、执行灌溉制度时,对地下井阀执行多档位逐级递增开合度开启,直至地下井阀完全开启,关闭地下井阀时也一定要执行多档位逐级递减开合度关闭,直至地下井阀完全关闭,递增递减的逐级调节设置工作实质是延时开关地下井阀,这样做一定会规避地下管网设施的水 锤、爆管等事故。灌溉指令中有施肥指令,则打开肥控阀,否则控制肥控阀休眠,处于关闭状态;灌溉指令中有施药指令,则打开药控阀,否则控制药控阀休眠,处于关闭状态。 Step 5 is specifically: there is an irrigation command in the irrigation command to control the main valve to open, and also to control the corresponding underground valve and surface valve to open. The underground valve and surface valve that do not need to be opened are in a dormant state and closed; especially wake up After the underground well valve and when the irrigation system is executed, the underground well valve shall be opened and closed step by step in multiple positions until the underground well valve is fully opened. When the underground well valve is closed, the opening and closing degree of the underground well valve must also be closed step by step. Until the underground well valve is completely closed, the step-by-step adjustment setting work of increasing and decreasing is essentially to delay the opening and closing of the underground well valve. Doing so will certainly avoid accidents such as water hammer and pipe burst in underground pipe network facilities. If there is a fertilization instruction in the irrigation instruction, open the fertilizer control valve, otherwise the control fertilizer control valve is dormant and in a closed state; if there is a fertilizer instruction in the irrigation instruction, the drug control valve is opened, otherwise the control drug control valve is dormant and in a closed state.
步骤5中,各个阀打开后,水压检测装置检测管道内的水压,并将检测到的水压发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块转发给中央处理模块,中央处理模块与额定的水压进行对比判断,根据判断结果发出继续调节或者停止调节的命令给灌溉设备管理模块,灌溉设备管理模块转发给灌溉设备终端执行模块,灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的命令继续控制智能控制灌溉执行器来调节阀门开合度或者停止调节阀门开合度。In step 5, after each valve is opened, the water pressure detection device detects the water pressure in the pipeline and sends the detected water pressure to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module sends the data acquisition module to the data reception module, and the data reception module forwards it to the central processing module , The central processing module compares and judges with the rated water pressure, and sends a command to continue or stop adjustment to the irrigation equipment management module according to the judgment result. The irrigation equipment management module forwards it to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal execution module receives The command continues to control the intelligent control irrigation actuator to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stop adjusting the valve opening and closing degree.
与现有技术相比,本发明具有以下有益效果:Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following beneficial effects:
1、本发明通过数据采集模块采集到灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据,将这些数据发送给中央处理模块进行分类、分析、判断、处理后形成灌溉要求,根据灌溉要求形成灌溉指令,灌溉设备根据灌溉指令执行是否进行灌溉、施药、施肥以及给那些地方进行灌溉、施药、施肥以及持续多长时间,不需要进行灌溉、施药、施肥就发出休眠命令,执行完成后自动关闭,执行休眠命令。这样通过本发明能够实现农田的自动灌溉、施药、施肥,而且是有根据的灌溉、施药、施肥,不仅适合作物的生长,也不会造成药物、肥料、水和电能的浪费。不需要农民在自已的轮灌时间内要到地下井手动开启地下井阀开关,省时省力。实现了对水肥药一体灌溉自动控制。通过本发明获得了粮食、经济作物在不同有机质比的土地里,不同生长期阶段里最佳灌溉水方额、肥料供给值、植保预警值。1. The present invention collects irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data through the data collection module, and sends these data to the central processing module for classification, analysis, judgment, and processing to form irrigation requirements. Irrigation requirements form irrigation instructions. According to the irrigation instructions, the irrigation equipment will execute whether to irrigate, apply pesticides, fertilize, and how long to irrigate, apply pesticides, and fertilize those places. Dormant commands are issued without irrigation, pesticides, or fertilization. After the execution is completed, it will automatically shut down and execute the sleep command. In this way, the invention can realize automatic irrigation, pesticide application and fertilization of farmland, and it is well-founded irrigation, pesticide application and fertilization, which is not only suitable for the growth of crops, but also does not cause waste of medicine, fertilizer, water and electricity. There is no need for farmers to go to the underground well to manually open the underground well valve switch during their own rotation irrigation time, which saves time and effort. The automatic control of water, fertilizer and medicine integrated irrigation is realized. The invention obtains the optimal irrigation water quota, fertilizer supply value and plant protection early warning value in the land with different organic matter ratios for grains and economic crops in different growth periods.
2、本发明在地表阀的进水管和出水管上安装水压检测装置,用于检测管道内的水压,并将检测到的水压发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块再发送给中央处理模块,中央处理模块将接收到的水压与管道的额定的水压进行比对,判断是否达到额定的水压,如果未达到则向灌溉设备管理模块发出继续调节命令,如果达到,则向灌溉设备管理模块发出停止调节命令,灌溉设备管理模块将对应的命令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块,灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的命令继续调节阀门开合度或者停止调节阀门开合度。在不爆管的前提下尽量调大阀门的开合度,提高灌溉效率。不需要用脚连续踩压地表软管,凭经验手动调整阀门开合度,对地下井内的阀体进行远程延时开启与关闭,解决了地下管网的水锤、爆管等有害物理性农业生产事故;支持阀门0-360°开合度控制,可以控制出水量,以解决大田灌溉的地下地表管网内的水压因地势高低不平形成压差后,会造成地下主水管与地表管爆管、脱管、灌溉不均等生产事故,从而节省劳动力、提高劳动效率;阀门能够0-360°开合度控制,配上三通与五通等多通阀后,可减少阀门的控制机构,可以成2倍4倍的降低设备成 本,同时成2倍或4倍的提升灌溉管理面积。2. The present invention installs water pressure detection devices on the water inlet and outlet pipes of the surface valve to detect the water pressure in the pipeline, and send the detected water pressure to the data acquisition module, and the data acquisition module to the central processing unit Module, the central processing module compares the received water pressure with the rated water pressure of the pipeline to determine whether the rated water pressure is reached, and if it does not reach the rated water pressure, it sends a continuous adjustment command to the irrigation equipment management module. The equipment management module issues a stop adjustment command, and the irrigation equipment management module issues the corresponding command to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module. The irrigation equipment terminal execution module continues to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stops adjusting the valve opening and closing degree according to the received command. Under the premise of not bursting the pipe, try to increase the opening and closing of the valve to improve the irrigation efficiency. There is no need to press the surface hose continuously with your feet, and manually adjust the valve opening and closing degree based on experience, and remotely delay opening and closing the valve body in the underground well, which solves the harmful physical agricultural production such as water hammer and pipe burst in the underground pipe network. Accident; support valve 0-360° opening and closing degree control, can control the water output, to solve the problem of the pressure difference in the underground surface pipe network for field irrigation. After the pressure difference is formed due to the uneven terrain, the underground main water pipe and the surface pipe will burst, Production accidents such as pipe disconnection and uneven irrigation, thereby saving labor and improving labor efficiency; the valve can be controlled at 0-360° opening and closing, and when equipped with multi-way valves such as three-way and five-way valves, the control mechanism of the valve can be reduced, and it can be 2 Reduce equipment cost by 4 times, and increase irrigation management area by 2 or 4 times.
3、本发明可以统计出大田耕地类农业生产区某种作物的作业亩数、产量、肥料(化肥、有机肥使用情况)、植保用化学类生物类费用等等生产资料变化情况,为国家宏观调控、当地政府指导农业产品品种种植结构和农业生产提供数据支撑;采集的土壤墒情息可以让农业生产者科学地安排生产活动;分析汇总生物肥、生物药剂的草药生物数据与结构,与化学类肥料、化学类农药的统计结果对比分析,为农民节支增收量化的同时,恢复提高绿色生态农业找到数据依据。3. The present invention can count the number of acres, output, fertilizers (use of chemical fertilizers and organic fertilizers), chemical and biological expenses for plant protection and other changes in production materials of a certain crop in field farmland agricultural production areas. Regulation, the local government guides the planting structure of agricultural product varieties and provides data support for agricultural production; the collected soil moisture allows agricultural producers to scientifically arrange production activities; analyzes and summarizes the biological data and structure of biological fertilizers and biopharmaceuticals. The comparative analysis of the statistical results of fertilizers and chemical pesticides provides a data basis for farmers to reduce expenditure and increase income while quantifying the restoration and improvement of green ecological agriculture.
4、本发明能控制灌溉设备在需要使用时被唤醒,不需要使用时休眠,最大程度降低了电能的消耗。水、肥、药等流体介质(比如:流量仪)的流量值,统计出作物各个生长期或每一期水的供水方数与肥、药等数值,从而精确统计、计算出作物在每期灌溉的科学需水量与不同的需肥量与生物药剂量,另外还可计算相应的水费、肥费与药剂费。4. The invention can control the irrigation equipment to be awakened when it needs to be used, and to sleep when it is not needed, so as to minimize the consumption of electric energy. The flow value of water, fertilizer, medicine and other fluid media (for example: flow meter), calculate the number of water supply and fertilizer, medicine and other values of the crop in each growth period or each period, so as to accurately count and calculate the crop in each period The scientific water requirement for irrigation and the different fertilizer requirement and biological drug dosage, and the corresponding water fee, fertilizer fee and chemical fee can also be calculated.
5、本发明数据采集模块采集的灌溉设备数据包括各个灌溉设备的编号、型号、名称、位置、功率等;所述作物数据包括作物长势图片(是否有虫,是否干枯,作物高度等);所述土壤数据包括土壤地表温湿度、土壤地下温湿度、土壤板结度、土壤中氮、磷、钾等营养成分以及虫卵等情况;所述周围环境数据包括空气温湿度、阳光照射度等;所述作业土地数据包括作业土地的亩数、地表坡度、作业土地分组、作物产量等数据。通过这些数据的分析、处理,能够最合理的判断出作物所需要的水分、营养成分以及用药等,更加科学的进行作物管理,有利于作物生长。5. The irrigation equipment data collected by the data collection module of the present invention includes the number, model, name, location, power, etc. of each irrigation equipment; the crop data includes crop growth pictures (whether there are insects, whether they are dry, the height of the crop, etc.); The soil data includes soil surface temperature and humidity, soil underground temperature and humidity, soil compaction, soil nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and insect eggs; the surrounding environment data includes air temperature and humidity, sun exposure, etc.; The operation land data includes data such as the number of acres of the operation land, the surface slope, the grouping of the operation land, and the crop yield. Through the analysis and processing of these data, it is possible to determine the most reasonable water, nutrients, and medications required by the crops, and more scientifically perform crop management, which is beneficial to crop growth.
6、通过本发明驱动阀门进行0-360开合,可适用于一条出水桩带的多个灌溉终端设备的纵向分组、横向分组的同时灌溉管理制度,也同时适用于数条出水桩带的多个灌溉终端设备的横向与纵向的不同组合方式的灌溉管理制度。6. The valve is driven by the present invention to open and close from 0 to 360, which can be applied to the simultaneous irrigation management system of multiple irrigation terminal equipment of one spout belt in the vertical and horizontal groups, and it is also suitable for multiple spout belts. Irrigation management systems with different combinations of horizontal and vertical irrigation terminal equipment.
附图说明Description of the drawings
图1为本发明灌溉设备布置结构示意图;Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the arrangement structure of irrigation equipment of the present invention;
图2为本发明各功能模块处理流程框图;Figure 2 is a block diagram of the processing flow of each functional module of the present invention;
图3为本发明进行施肥、施药、灌水时序图;Figure 3 is a time sequence diagram of fertilization, pesticide application, and irrigation according to the present invention;
图4为阀门开合度与水压值关系原理示意图;Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of the relationship between valve opening and closing degree and water pressure value;
图5为本发明控制流程图;Figure 5 is a control flow chart of the present invention;
图6、图7、图8、图9共同组成为本发明灌溉设备执行流程图,图6最后一步接图7第一步,图7最后一步接图8第一步,图8最后一步接图9第一步。Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, and Fig. 9 together constitute a flow chart for the implementation of the irrigation equipment of the present invention. 9The first step.
图10为一台智控灌溉执行器与五通阀配套使用的结构示意图。Figure 10 is a schematic diagram of the structure of an intelligent control irrigation actuator used in conjunction with a five-way valve.
附图标记101、蓄水沉淀池,102、主阀,103、大首部过滤器,104、肥控阀,105、药控阀,106、地下井阀,107、地表阀,201、数据采集模块,202,数据接收模块,203、中央处理模块,204、灌溉设备管理模块,205、灌溉设备终端执行模块,206、反馈数据模块。 Reference numeral 101, water storage sedimentation tank, 102, main valve, 103, large head filter, 104, fertilizer control valve, 105, drug control valve, 106, underground well valve, 107, surface valve, 201, data acquisition module , 202, data receiving module, 203, central processing module, 204, irrigation equipment management module, 205, irrigation equipment terminal execution module, 206, feedback data module.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步的描述,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,并不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域的普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的其他所用实施例,都属于本发明的保护范围。The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the embodiments. The described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, not all the embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, other embodiments obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without creative work shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
本发明的描述中,需要说明的是,术语“第一组”、“第二组”、“第三组”、“a侧”、“b侧”、“c侧”、“d侧”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,仅为了便于描述本发明和简化描述,实际实施中包括但不限于这些方向或者位置,因此不能理解为对本发明的限制,也不能理解为指示或者暗示相对重要性。In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "first group", "second group", "third group", "a side", "b side", "c side", "d side", etc. The indicated orientation or positional relationship is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, which is only for the convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description. The actual implementation includes but not limited to these directions or positions, and therefore cannot be understood as a limitation of the present invention. It cannot be understood as indicating or implying relative importance.
灌溉制度:作物每一期灌溉的额定时长,比如本期灌溉时长6小时。Irrigation system: the rated time of irrigation for each period of crops, such as 6 hours of irrigation in this period.
如图1所示,在田地附近设置蓄水沉淀池101,然后通过管道布置在田地里,在管道上布置主阀102、肥控阀104和药控阀105,多个地下井阀106和多个地表阀107。然后在主阀102的出口管道上布置大首部过滤器103,肥控阀104和药控阀105布置在大首部过滤器103出口管道上。地表阀107为三通或者五通阀,本实施例以五通阀为例进行介绍,五通阀一通作为进水端,另外四通作为出水端,分别为a、b、c、d端。地表阀107的进口端和出口端均安装水压检测装置(图中未示出),用于检测进出地表阀的水压和水流量。As shown in Figure 1, a water storage sedimentation tank 101 is set near the field, and then arranged in the field through a pipeline. The main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, and chemical control valve 105 are arranged on the pipeline, and multiple underground well valves 106 and multiple A surface valve 107. Then a large-head filter 103 is arranged on the outlet pipe of the main valve 102, and the fertilizer control valve 104 and the drug control valve 105 are arranged on the outlet pipe of the large-head filter 103. The surface valve 107 is a three-way or five-way valve. In this embodiment, a five-way valve is used as an example for introduction. One port of the five-way valve is used as the water inlet, and the other four-way valve is used as the water outlet, respectively a, b, c, and d ends. The inlet and outlet ends of the surface valve 107 are equipped with water pressure detection devices (not shown in the figure) for detecting the water pressure and water flow entering and leaving the surface valve.
本发明提供的智慧灌溉系统其目的是实现灌溉、施肥、施药一体化智能控制,不需要人工参与,省时省力,同时还能对地表阀进行0-360度开合度控制,能够实现地表阀多方向出水以及出水量的控制,对管道内水压检测,自动调节阀门的开合度,在坡度不一,坡度复杂的田地自动灌溉的同时不会爆管,调节整个灌溉管网内的水压一致,从而实现均匀灌溉提高灌溉效率。The purpose of the intelligent irrigation system provided by the present invention is to realize the integrated intelligent control of irrigation, fertilization and pesticide application without manual participation, saving time and effort, and at the same time, it can control the opening and closing degree of surface valves from 0-360 degrees, and can realize surface valves Multi-directional control of water output and water output, detection of water pressure in pipelines, automatic adjustment of valve opening and closing, automatic irrigation in fields with different slopes and complex slopes without pipe bursting, adjusting the water pressure in the entire irrigation pipe network Consistent, so as to achieve uniform irrigation and improve irrigation efficiency.
具体来讲:Specifically:
本发明提供了一种智慧灌溉系统,该智慧灌溉系统包括如下功能模块:The present invention provides a smart irrigation system, which includes the following functional modules:
包括数据采集模块201、数据接收模块202、中央处理模块203、灌溉设备管理模块204、灌溉设备终端执行模块205和反馈数据模块206,It includes a data acquisition module 201, a data receiving module 202, a central processing module 203, an irrigation equipment management module 204, an irrigation equipment terminal execution module 205, and a feedback data module 206,
所述数据采集模块用于采集灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据,并将采集到的数据发送给数据接收模块;The data collection module is used for collecting irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data, and sending the collected data to the data receiving module;
所述数据接收模块用于将接收到的数据发送给中央处理模块;The data receiving module is used to send the received data to the central processing module;
所述中央处理模块用于接收数据发送模块发送过来的数据,对数据进行分类、分析、判断、处理后形成灌溉要求,并将灌溉要求下发给灌溉设备管理模块;The central processing module is used to receive the data sent by the data sending module, classify, analyze, judge, and process the data to form irrigation requirements, and issue the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module;
所述灌溉设备管理模块根据接收到的灌溉要求形成灌溉指令,并将灌溉指令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块;The irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation requirements, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
所述灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的灌溉指令控制相应的智能控制灌溉执行器,智能控制灌溉执行器执行相应的动作,对田地进行灌溉、施肥、施药;The irrigation equipment terminal execution module controls the corresponding intelligent control irrigation executor according to the received irrigation instruction, and the intelligent control irrigation executor executes the corresponding actions to irrigate, fertilize, and apply the field;
所述反馈数据模块将灌溉设备终端的执行数据反馈给数据采集模块。The feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment terminal to the data collection module.
所述灌溉设备数据包括各个灌溉设备的编号、型号、名称、位置、电压、电流等;所述作物数据包括作物长势图片(是否有虫,是否干枯,作物高度等);所述土壤数据包括土壤地表温湿度、土壤地下温湿度、土壤板结度、土壤中氮、磷、钾等营养成分以及虫卵等情况;所述周围环境数据包括空气温湿度、阳光照射度等;所述作业土地数据包括作业土地的亩数、地表坡度、作业土地分组、作物产量等数据。所述阀门数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据可以通过相应的传感器自动进行采集,也可以通过人工利用相应的检测仪器进行检测后人工后台录入,所以数据采集模块也可以称之为灌溉设备采集数据/人工后台录入数据模块。如,土壤地表温湿度、土壤地下温湿度等可通过温湿度传感器采集,空气温湿度可通过温湿度传感器采集,也可人工录入周围气象数据。只要能够实现各种数据采集即可。The irrigation equipment data includes the number, model, name, location, voltage, current, etc. of each irrigation equipment; the crop data includes a picture of crop growth (whether there are insects, whether it is dry, the height of the crop, etc.); the soil data includes soil Surface temperature and humidity, soil and underground temperature and humidity, soil compaction, soil nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and insect eggs; the surrounding environment data includes air temperature and humidity, sunlight exposure, etc.; the operation land data includes Data such as the number of acres of operation land, surface slope, grouping of operation land, and crop yield. The valve data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data can be automatically collected by the corresponding sensors, or can be manually entered in the background after the detection by the corresponding detection instrument, so the data collection module can also be called It is a module for collecting data from irrigation equipment/manual background input data. For example, soil surface temperature and humidity, soil underground temperature and humidity, etc. can be collected by temperature and humidity sensors, air temperature and humidity can be collected by temperature and humidity sensors, and surrounding weather data can also be manually entered. As long as it can realize various data collection.
所述灌溉设备包括各个阀门、大首部过滤器、蓄水沉淀池、水压检测装置以及各个连接管道,所述阀门包括主阀、肥控阀、药控阀、地下井阀、半截止阀和地表阀。The irrigation equipment includes various valves, large-head filters, water storage sedimentation tanks, water pressure detection devices and various connecting pipelines. The valves include main valves, fertilizer control valves, drug control valves, underground well valves, semi-stop valves and Surface valve.
所述中央处理模块对数据进行分类、分析、判断和处理形成灌溉要求具体为:The central processing module classifies, analyzes, judges and processes the data to form irrigation requirements specifically as follows:
中央处理模块首先对接收到的数据进行分类,按照灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据进行分类;然后将分类后的数据结合存储的设定数据进行分析、判断、处理后,形成灌溉要求,灌溉要求包括是否需要进行灌溉、施肥、施药,什么地方需要灌溉、施肥、施药,灌溉、施肥、施药的量是多少等。The central processing module first classifies the received data, and classifies it according to irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data; then combines the classified data with the stored setting data for analysis, judgment, and After the treatment, the irrigation requirements are formed. The irrigation requirements include whether irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application are required, where irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application are needed, and what is the amount of irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application.
所述灌溉指令包括哪个阀门执行,阀门开合度、开合状态、开启时间等。The irrigation instruction includes which valve is executed, the valve opening and closing degree, the opening and closing state, and the opening time.
所述执行数据包括阀门的开合度、开合状态和执行时间等。The execution data includes the opening and closing degree, opening and closing state, and execution time of the valve.
所述反馈数据模块还要将灌溉设备的工作电压值发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块转发给中央处理模块,中央处理模块判断工作电压是否正常。以防止灌溉事故的发生。The feedback data module also sends the operating voltage value of the irrigation equipment to the data receiving module, which forwards the data receiving module to the central processing module, and the central processing module determines whether the operating voltage is normal. To prevent the occurrence of irrigation accidents.
本发明的第二目的是实现对各个阀门的开合度进行精确控制,实现阀门开合度0- 360°的自动调节。The second objective of the present invention is to realize precise control of the opening and closing degree of each valve, and to realize automatic adjustment of the opening and closing degree of the valve from 0 to 360°.
为了实现该目的,数据采集模块还要采集管道内的水压,因此,需要在各个阀的进水管和出水管上安装水压检测装置,用于检测管道内的水压,并将检测到的水压发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块再发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块再发送给中央处理模块,中央处理模块将接收到的水压与管道的额定的水压进行比对,判断是否达到额定的水压,如果未达到则向灌溉设备管理模块发出继续调节命令,如果达到,则向灌溉设备管理模块发出停止调节命令,灌溉设备管理模块将对应的命令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块,灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的命令继续调节阀门开合度或者停止调节阀门开合度。In order to achieve this purpose, the data acquisition module also needs to collect the water pressure in the pipeline. Therefore, it is necessary to install a water pressure detection device on the inlet and outlet pipes of each valve to detect the water pressure in the pipeline and to detect the water pressure in the pipeline. The water pressure is sent to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module is sent to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module is sent to the central processing module. The central processing module compares the received water pressure with the rated water pressure of the pipeline to determine whether When the rated water pressure is reached, if it is not reached, the continuous adjustment command will be sent to the irrigation equipment management module. If it is reached, the stop adjustment command will be sent to the irrigation equipment management module. The irrigation equipment management module will issue the corresponding command to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module. , The terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment continues to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stops adjusting the valve opening and closing degree according to the received command.
本发明中央处理模块203,在对数据采集模块201中发来的土壤地表温度、土壤地表湿度、土壤地下温度、土壤地下湿度及N、P、K数据进行分析后,可判断出土壤是否缺水、缺肥、缺药、缺N、缺P,缺K,如果不需灌溉或施肥、施药,则不需要向灌溉设备管理模块204发出要求,如果需要灌溉或施肥、施药,则本模块负责向灌溉设备管理模块204发出相应的或灌溉、或施肥、或施药等需求;The central processing module 203 of the present invention can determine whether the soil is lacking water after analyzing the soil surface temperature, soil surface moisture, soil underground temperature, soil underground moisture, and N, P, and K data sent from the data collection module 201 , Lack of fertilizer, lack of medicine, lack of N, lack of P, lack of K. If irrigation or fertilization or application of chemicals is not required, there is no need to send a request to the irrigation equipment management module 204. If irrigation or fertilization or application of chemicals is required, this module Responsible for sending corresponding demands for irrigation, fertilization, or pesticide application to the irrigation equipment management module 204;
本发明中央处理模块203,在对数据采集模块201中发来的土壤地表温度、土壤地表湿度、土壤地下温度、土壤地下湿度及N、P、K数据进行分析后,可判断出土壤是否缺水、缺肥、缺药、缺N、缺P,缺K,并且可根据缺水的具体数据和作物各生长阶段用水量的不同,判定出主阀102、肥控阀104、药控阀105、地表阀107相应的开合度,以节约用水、均匀灌溉;The central processing module 203 of the present invention can determine whether the soil is lacking water after analyzing the soil surface temperature, soil surface moisture, soil underground temperature, soil underground moisture, and N, P, and K data sent from the data collection module 201 , Lack of fertilizer, lack of medicine, lack of N, lack of P, lack of K, and can determine the main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, and drug control valve 105 according to the specific data of water shortage and the difference in water consumption at each growth stage of the crop. The corresponding opening and closing degree of surface valve 107 can save water and irrigate evenly;
本发明中央处理模块203,在数据采集模块201中发来的水压力数据进行分析后,可根据图4判断出图1主阀102、肥控阀104、药控阀105、批量阀门107、批量阀门108、批量阀门109相应开合度,以防止爆管、脱管等现象的发生;The central processing module 203 of the present invention analyzes the water pressure data sent from the data acquisition module 201, and can determine the main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, drug control valve 105, batch valve 107, batch Valve 108 and batch valve 109 are correspondingly opened and closed to prevent the occurrence of pipe bursting and pipe disconnection;
本发明中央处理模块203,在对数据采集模块201中发来的压力数据进行分析后,可确定地下井阀106的延时开启时间和关闭时间,避免因地下井阀瞬间开启压力过大造成水锤现象的发生;在对数据采集模块201中发来的水流量数据进行计算后,可统计出任意时间段内的灌溉用水量数据;The central processing module 203 of the present invention, after analyzing the pressure data sent from the data acquisition module 201, can determine the delayed opening time and closing time of the underground well valve 106, so as to avoid the water caused by the excessive opening pressure of the underground well valve. The occurrence of the hammer phenomenon; after calculating the water flow data sent from the data collection module 201, the irrigation water consumption data in any period of time can be counted;
本发明中央处理模块203,可按规定时间向数据采集模块204发出定时清洗大首部过滤器103的要求,保持过滤器的清洁,防止杂质堵塞灌溉终端设备发生灌溉故障。The central processing module 203 of the present invention can send to the data collection module 204 a request for regular cleaning of the large first filter 103 at a specified time, to keep the filter clean and prevent impurities from blocking the irrigation terminal equipment and causing irrigation failure.
本发明中灌溉设备管理模块204,如果未接收到中央处理模块203发出的新的要求,就负责向灌溉终端执行数据模块205发出继续休眠指令,使主阀102、肥控阀104、药控阀105、地下井阀106、地表阀持续休眠状态,如果接收到中央处理模块203发来的新的要 求,则根据要求发出唤醒指令给灌溉终端设备执行模块205,唤醒主阀102、肥控阀104、药控阀105、地下井阀106、地表阀107,进入工作状态,工作完成后,灌溉设备管理模块204向灌溉终端设备执行模块205发出休眠指令,使主阀102、肥控阀104、药控阀105、地下井阀106、地表阀107进入休眠状态,这个步骤,可以使灌溉终端设备在不需要工作的时间段时按指令进入休眠状态,需要工作时唤醒进入工作状态,以节约电能维持工作用电;In the present invention, the irrigation equipment management module 204, if it does not receive a new request from the central processing module 203, it is responsible for issuing a sleep-on instruction to the irrigation terminal execution data module 205 to enable the main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, and medicine control valve 105. The underground well valve 106 and the surface valve continue to sleep. If a new request from the central processing module 203 is received, a wake-up command will be issued to the irrigation terminal equipment execution module 205 according to the request to wake up the main valve 102 and the fertilizer control valve 104 The medicine control valve 105, the underground well valve 106, and the surface valve 107 enter the working state. After the work is completed, the irrigation equipment management module 204 sends a sleep instruction to the irrigation terminal equipment execution module 205 to make the main valve 102, fertilizer control valve 104, and medicine The control valve 105, the underground well valve 106, and the surface valve 107 enter the dormant state. This step can make the irrigation terminal equipment enter the dormant state according to instructions during the time period when it does not need to work, and wake up and enter the working state when it needs to work to save electrical energy. Work electricity
本发明也可以增加一个通信模块,将所有数据上传给服务器,服务器在连接用户终端,用户可以随时查看灌溉数据,也可以通过终端进行相应的控制。The present invention can also add a communication module to upload all data to the server. The server is connected to the user terminal, and the user can view the irrigation data at any time, or perform corresponding control through the terminal.
本发明还提供了上述系统的控制方法,具体如图5所示:The present invention also provides a control method of the above system, as shown in Fig. 5:
步骤1,数据采集模块将采集到的灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据发送给数据接收模块; Step 1. The data collection module sends the collected irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data to the data receiving module;
步骤2,数据接收模块将接收到的灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据发送给中央处理模块;Step 2: The data receiving module sends the received irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data to the central processing module;
步骤3,中央处理模块将接收到的数据进行分类、分析、判断、处理后形成灌溉要求,并将灌溉要求下发给灌溉设备管理模块;Step 3: The central processing module classifies, analyzes, judges, and processes the received data to form irrigation requirements, and sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module;
步骤4,灌溉设备管理模块根据接收到的灌溉要求或者是休眠要求形成灌溉指令,并将灌溉指令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块;Step 4: The irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation request or dormancy request, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
步骤5,所灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的灌溉指令控制相应的灌溉设备执行相应的动作,进行灌溉、施药、施肥;Step 5: The terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment controls the corresponding irrigation equipment to perform corresponding actions according to the received irrigation instruction, and perform irrigation, pesticide application, and fertilization;
步骤6,反馈数据模块将灌溉设备的执行数据反馈给数据采集模块,数据采集模块发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块发送给中央处理模块,中央处理模块根据执行数据进行比较判断,发出相应的关闭指令给灌溉设备管理模块,灌溉设备管理模块发送给灌溉设备终端执行模块控制对应的灌溉设备结束相应动作,停止灌溉、施药、施肥。Step 6. The feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment to the data acquisition module, which sends the data acquisition module to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module to the central processing module. The central processing module compares and judges based on the execution data and issues the corresponding shutdown The instruction is sent to the irrigation equipment management module, which is sent to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module to control the corresponding irrigation equipment to end the corresponding actions, and stop irrigation, pesticide application, and fertilization.
步骤5中,地下井阀和地表阀打开后,水压检测装置检测管道内的水压,并将检测到的水压发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块转发给中央处理模块,中央处理模块与额定的水压进行对比判断,根据判断结果发出继续调节或者停止调节的命令给灌溉设备管理模块,灌溉设备管理模块转发给灌溉设备终端执行模块,灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的命令继续调节阀门开合度或者停止调节阀门开合度。如图4所示,根据水压对阀门进行开合度档位的控制,能够实现0-360度开合度智能调节,更加科学,在不爆管的前提下均匀灌溉,提高灌溉效率。In step 5, after the underground well valve and the surface valve are opened, the water pressure detection device detects the water pressure in the pipeline, and sends the detected water pressure to the data acquisition module, the data acquisition module sends it to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module forwards it To the central processing module, the central processing module compares and judges with the rated water pressure, and according to the judgment result, sends a command to continue or stop adjustment to the irrigation equipment management module, which forwards the irrigation equipment management module to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal executes The module continues to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stops adjusting the valve opening and closing degree according to the received command. As shown in Figure 4, the valve opening and closing gear is controlled according to the water pressure, which can realize the intelligent adjustment of the 0-360 degree opening and closing degree, which is more scientific, and irrigates uniformly without pipe bursting and improves irrigation efficiency.
如图6-图9所示,为本发明进行灌溉、施肥、施药的流程介绍,具体为:As shown in Figure 6-9, it is an introduction to the process of irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application according to the present invention, specifically:
灌溉设备管理模块中灌溉指令输出,开始唤醒主阀、第一组地下井阀和地表阀,确认是否唤醒,如果没有唤醒进行重复唤醒,直到唤醒为止;然后唤醒费控阀和药控阀,确认是都唤醒,如果没有唤醒进行重复唤醒,直到唤醒为止;设置第一组地下井阀与地表阀的工作开合度;检查各阀工作开合度是否到位,如果没有到位继续下发指令,如果开合到位下发指令开启地下井阀是否到位,如果是进行下一步,如果都继续下发指令;第一组阀(五通阀)的a侧执行灌溉制度开始灌溉,检测水压发送给中央处理器进行比较判断,然后调节阀a侧开合度,直到在不爆管的前提下开到最大开合度位置,然后开始执行施肥时序(有必要施肥时)、施药时序(有必要施药时),a侧施肥施药灌溉结束后,需要进行b侧灌溉时,按照a侧阀开合度逐个下发开合指令开启阀b侧,按照a侧执行顺序执行,完成b侧施肥施药灌溉后,如果需要c侧灌溉时,按照b侧阀开合度逐个下发开合指令开启阀c侧,按照b侧执行顺序执行,完成c侧施肥施药灌溉后,如果需要d侧灌溉时按照c侧阀开合度逐个下发开合指令开启阀d侧,按照c侧执行顺序执行,完成d侧施肥施药灌溉,如果需要第二组灌溉,则唤醒第二组地下井阀106,并对其执行多档位逐级递增开合度开启,直至地下井阀完全开启,然后对第一组地下井阀106执行多档位逐级递减开合度关闭,直至地下井阀完全关闭,第二组地表阀按照第一组灌溉的顺序执行即可,这样就可以完成多组灌溉,以及选择性灌溉。Irrigation instruction output in the irrigation equipment management module, start to wake up the main valve, the first group of underground well valves and surface valves, confirm whether to wake up, if not wake up, repeat the wake up until wake up; then wake up the cost control valve and drug control valve, confirm Yes, all wake up, if there is no wake up, repeat wake up until wake up; set the working opening and closing degree of the first group of underground well valves and surface valves; check whether the working opening and closing degree of each valve is in place, if not in place, continue to issue instructions, if open and close Is in place to issue instructions to open the underground well valve is in place, if it is to proceed to the next step, if continue to issue instructions; the first group of valves (five-way valve) on side a executes the irrigation system to start irrigation, and detects the water pressure and sends it to the central processor Perform comparison and judgment, and then adjust the valve a side opening and closing degree until it opens to the maximum opening and closing position without bursting the tube, and then start the fertilization sequence (when it is necessary to fertilize) and the application sequence (when it is necessary to apply), After side a fertilization and fertilization irrigation is completed, when side b needs to be irrigated, the opening and closing instructions of side a valve are issued one by one to open side b, and the execution order of side a is executed. After side b fertilization and irrigation, if When side c irrigation is needed, open and close valve c one by one according to the degree of valve opening and closing of side b, and execute the order of side b execution. After completion of side c fertilization and irrigation, if side d irrigation is required, follow c side valve opening The degree of opening and closing instructions is issued one by one to open the valve d side, and execute in the order of execution on the c side to complete the d side fertilization and pesticide irrigation. If the second group of irrigation is required, the second group of underground well valves 106 are awakened and executed in multiple stages The opening and closing of the first group of underground well valves 106 is opened and closed step by step until the underground well valve is fully opened, and then the first group of underground well valves 106 is closed with a stepwise decreasing opening and closing degree until the underground well valve is completely closed. The order of group irrigation can be executed, so that multiple groups of irrigation and selective irrigation can be completed.
如图10所示,一台智控灌溉执行器与五通阀配套使用,可管理灌溉面积30亩左右,是原来灌溉面积的四倍到6倍,如果用于灌溉林木经济作物,可达50亩左右。As shown in Figure 10, an intelligent control irrigation actuator is used in conjunction with a five-way valve, which can manage an irrigation area of about 30 acres, which is four to six times the original irrigation area. If used for irrigating cash crops, it can reach 50 About acres.
工作原理:灌溉执行器按轮灌制度对A、B、C、D四个管口进行作业。Working principle: The irrigation actuator operates on the four nozzles A, B, C, and D according to the rotation irrigation system.
地表铺设:左侧铺A与B出水管,A是D管长度的2倍,A侧管粗线代表滴管连于A管左半个软管上。D侧细线代表滴管连于出水管。这种做法的技术效果与经济效果:Surface laying: On the left, there are outlet pipes A and B. A is twice the length of pipe D. The thick line on the side pipe of A represents that the dropper is connected to the left half of the hose of pipe A. The thin line on the D side represents the dropper connected to the outlet pipe. The technical and economic effects of this approach:
1、管理灌溉面积是三代灌溉系统的2倍。1. The managed irrigation area is twice that of the three-generation irrigation system.
2、地下管道网建设投入是原有管道网投入的二分之一,即国家高效节水灌溉建设投入减少一半的人力物力财力投入,经济效益巨大,国家、社会、农民三方均受益。2. The investment in the construction of the underground pipeline network is one-half of the investment in the original pipeline network, that is, the national investment in high-efficiency water-saving irrigation construction is reduced by half the human, material and financial resources. The economic benefits are huge, and the country, society, and farmers have benefited.
如果对300万亩平坦耕地进行高效节水灌溉,按亩投入1000元计算,计投入36亿元,使用该方法则只需投入18亿元,那么节省出的资金又可实现自动化灌溉面积1000万亩,效益巨大。If the efficient water-saving irrigation is carried out on 3 million mu of flat cultivated land, the investment is calculated based on the investment of 1,000 yuan per mu, and the total investment is 3.6 billion yuan. Using this method, only 1.8 billion yuan will be invested, and the saved funds can realize automatic irrigation area of 10 million yuan. Mu, huge benefits.

Claims (18)

  1. 一种智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于包括数据采集模块、数据接收模块、中央处理模块、灌溉设备管理模块、灌溉设备终端执行模块和反馈数据模块,A smart irrigation control system, which is characterized by comprising a data acquisition module, a data receiving module, a central processing module, an irrigation equipment management module, an irrigation equipment terminal execution module and a feedback data module,
    所述数据采集模块用于采集灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据,并将采集到的数据发送给数据接收模块;The data collection module is used for collecting irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data, and sending the collected data to the data receiving module;
    所述数据接收模块用于将接收到的数据发送给中央处理模块;The data receiving module is used to send the received data to the central processing module;
    所述中央处理模块用于接收数据发送模块发送过来的数据,对数据进行分类、分析、判断、处理后形成灌溉要求或者根据人工输入的指令形成灌溉要求,并将灌溉要求下发给灌溉设备管理模块;The central processing module is used to receive the data sent by the data sending module, classify, analyze, judge, and process the data to form irrigation requirements or form irrigation requirements according to manual input instructions, and issue the irrigation requirements to irrigation equipment management Module
    所述灌溉设备管理模块根据接收到的灌溉要求形成灌溉指令,并将灌溉指令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块;The irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation requirements, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
    所述灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的灌溉指令控制相应的智控灌溉执行器执行相应的动作。The irrigation equipment terminal execution module controls the corresponding intelligent control irrigation actuator to execute corresponding actions according to the received irrigation instructions.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述反馈数据模块将灌溉设备的执行数据反馈给数据采集模块。The smart irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment to the data collection module.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述反馈数据模块还要将灌溉设备的工作状态数据发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块将工作状态数据发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块转发给中央处理模块,中央处理模块判断灌溉设备是否正常。The smart irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the feedback data module also sends the working status data of the irrigation equipment to the data collection module, and the data collection module sends the working status data to the data receiving module. The receiving module forwards to the central processing module, and the central processing module determines whether the irrigation equipment is normal.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据通过相应的传感器进行采集。The smart irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data are collected by corresponding sensors.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述灌溉设备数据包括各个灌溉设备的编号、型号、名称、位置、电压、电流。The smart irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the irrigation equipment data includes the number, model, name, location, voltage, and current of each irrigation equipment.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述作物数据包括作物长势图片,所述作物图片的具体内容包括作物是否有虫,是否干枯和作物高度。The smart irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the crop data includes a crop condition picture, and the specific content of the crop picture includes whether the crop has insects, whether it is dry, and the height of the crop.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述土壤数据包括土壤地表温湿度、土壤地下温湿度、土壤板结度、土壤中氮、磷和钾的营养成分以及土壤中的虫卵情况。The intelligent irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the soil data includes soil surface temperature and humidity, soil underground temperature and humidity, soil compaction degree, nutrients of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the soil, and pests in the soil. Egg condition.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述周围环境数据包括空气温湿度和阳光照射度。The smart irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the ambient environment data includes air temperature and humidity and sunlight exposure.
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述作业土地数据包括作业土地的亩数、地表坡度、作业土地分组、作物产量数据。The smart irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the operation land data includes the number of acres of the operation land, the surface slope, the grouping of the operation land, and the crop yield data.
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述灌溉指令包括具体阀门的 执行,阀门的开合度、开合状态以及开启时间。The smart irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the irrigation instruction includes the execution of a specific valve, the opening and closing degree of the valve, the opening and closing state, and the opening time.
  11. 根据权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统,其特征在于,所述智控灌溉执行器的工作行程为0-360°,所述智控执行器控制各个阀门的开合度调节范围为0-360°。The intelligent irrigation control system according to claim 1, wherein the working stroke of the intelligent control irrigation actuator is 0-360°, and the adjustment range of the opening and closing degree of each valve controlled by the intelligent control actuator is 0-360 °.
  12. 一种适用于如权利要求1所述的智慧灌溉控制系统的灌溉设备,其特征在于,所述灌溉设备包括阀门、大首部过滤器、蓄水沉淀池以及管道,所述阀门包括主阀、肥控阀、药控阀、地下井阀、半截止阀和地表阀,蓄水沉淀池通过管道与主阀相连,主阀通过管道与大首部过滤器相连,大首部过滤器通过管道与多个地下井阀相连,地下井阀通过管道串联多个地表阀;肥控阀与药控阀连接在大首部过滤器与地下井阀相连的管道上或者肥控阀与药控阀连接在大首部过滤器与蓄水沉淀池连接的管道上。An irrigation equipment suitable for the smart irrigation control system of claim 1, wherein the irrigation equipment includes a valve, a large-head filter, a water storage sedimentation tank, and a pipeline, and the valve includes a main valve, fertilizer Control valve, drug control valve, underground well valve, semi-stop valve and surface valve. The water storage sedimentation tank is connected to the main valve through a pipeline. The main valve is connected to the large first filter through the pipeline. The large first filter is connected to multiple underground The well valve is connected, and the underground well valve is connected in series with multiple surface valves through the pipeline; the fertilizer control valve and the chemical control valve are connected to the pipeline connecting the large first filter and the underground well valve, or the fertilizer control valve and the chemical control valve are connected to the large first filter On the pipeline connected to the water storage sedimentation tank.
  13. 根据权利要求12所述的智慧灌溉控制系统的灌溉设备,其特征在于,所述灌溉设备还包括一个及以上的半截止阀,所述地下井阀通过管道串联所述半截止阀。The irrigation equipment of the smart irrigation control system according to claim 12, wherein the irrigation equipment further comprises one or more half-stop valves, and the underground well valve is connected in series with the half-stop valves through a pipeline.
  14. 根据权利要求12所述的智慧灌溉控制系统的灌溉设备,其特征在于,所述反馈数据模块将大首部过滤器的工作状态数据发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块转发给数据接收模块,数据接收模块转发给中央处理模块,中央处理模块根据大首部过滤器的工作状态,判断大首部过滤器是否需要清洗,如果需要清洗则发出自动清洗命令给灌溉设备管理模块,灌溉设备管理模块将自动清洗命令转发给灌溉设备终端执行模块,灌溉设备终端执行模块控制大首部过滤器自动清洗。The irrigation equipment of the smart irrigation control system according to claim 12, wherein the feedback data module sends the working status data of the large first filter to the data collection module, and the data collection module forwards to the data receiving module, and the data receiving The module is forwarded to the central processing module. The central processing module judges whether the large first filter needs cleaning according to the working status of the large first filter. If cleaning is needed, it sends an automatic cleaning command to the irrigation equipment management module, and the irrigation equipment management module will automatically clean the command It is forwarded to the terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment, and the terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment controls the automatic cleaning of the large first filter.
  15. 根据权利要求12所述的一种智慧灌溉控制系统的灌溉设备,其特征在于,所述灌溉设备的阀上安装水压检测装置,用于检测管道内的水压,并将检测到的水压发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块再发送给中央处理模块,中央处理模块将接收到的水压与管道的额定的水压进行比对,判断是否达到额定的水压,如果未达到则向灌溉设备管理模块发出继续调节阀开合度的命令,如果达到,则向灌溉设备管理模块发出停止调节命令,灌溉设备管理模块将对应的命令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块,灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的命令继续向智控灌溉执行器下发动作指令从而调节阀门开合度或者停止调节阀门开合度。The irrigation equipment of an intelligent irrigation control system according to claim 12, wherein a water pressure detection device is installed on the valve of the irrigation equipment to detect the water pressure in the pipeline, and to compare the detected water pressure Send it to the data acquisition module, and then the data acquisition module to the central processing module. The central processing module compares the received water pressure with the rated water pressure of the pipeline to determine whether the rated water pressure is reached, and if not, it will send it to the irrigation The equipment management module sends out a command to continue adjusting the valve opening and closing degree. If it reaches, it sends a stop adjustment command to the irrigation equipment management module. The irrigation equipment management module issues the corresponding command to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal execution module receives The received command continues to issue action instructions to the intelligent control irrigation actuator to adjust the valve opening and closing degree or stop adjusting the valve opening and closing degree.
  16. 一种智慧灌溉控制方法,其特征在于:该方法具体步骤为:A smart irrigation control method, characterized in that: the specific steps of the method are:
    步骤1,数据采集模块将采集到的灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据发送给数据接收模块;Step 1. The data collection module sends the collected irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data and operating land data to the data receiving module;
    步骤2,数据接收模块将接收到的灌溉设备数据、作物数据、土壤数据、周围环境数据和作业土地数据发送给中央处理模块;Step 2: The data receiving module sends the received irrigation equipment data, crop data, soil data, surrounding environment data, and operating land data to the central processing module;
    步骤3,中央处理模块将接收到的数据进行分类、分析、判断、处理后形成灌溉要求,并将 灌溉要求下发给灌溉设备管理模块;Step 3: The central processing module classifies, analyzes, judges, and processes the received data to form irrigation requirements, and sends the irrigation requirements to the irrigation equipment management module;
    步骤4,灌溉设备管理模块根据接收到的灌溉要求或者是休眠要求形成灌溉指令,并将灌溉指令下发给灌溉设备终端执行模块;Step 4: The irrigation equipment management module forms an irrigation instruction according to the received irrigation request or dormancy request, and issues the irrigation instruction to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module;
    步骤5,所灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的灌溉指令控制相应的灌溉设备执行相应的动作,进行灌溉、施药、施肥;Step 5: The terminal execution module of the irrigation equipment controls the corresponding irrigation equipment to perform corresponding actions according to the received irrigation instruction, and perform irrigation, pesticide application, and fertilization;
    步骤6,反馈数据模块将灌溉设备的执行数据反馈给数据采集模块,数据采集模块发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块发送给中央处理模块,中央处理模块根据执行数据进行比较判断,发出相应的关闭指令给灌溉设备管理模块,灌溉设备管理模块发送给灌溉设备终端执行模块控制对应的灌溉设备结束相应动作。Step 6. The feedback data module feeds back the execution data of the irrigation equipment to the data acquisition module, which sends the data acquisition module to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module to the central processing module. The central processing module compares and judges based on the execution data and issues the corresponding shutdown The instruction is sent to the irrigation equipment management module, and the irrigation equipment management module sends it to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module to control the corresponding irrigation equipment to end the corresponding action.
  17. 根据权利要求16所述的一种智慧灌溉控制方法,其特征在于:所述步骤5具体为:灌溉指令中有灌溉指令,控制主阀打开,还要控制对应的地下井阀、半截止阀和地表阀打开,不需要打开的地下井阀、半截止阀和地表阀则处于休眠状态,关闭;灌溉指令中有施肥指令,则打开肥控阀,否则控制肥控阀休眠,处于关闭状态;灌溉指令中有施药指令,则打开药控阀,否则控制药控阀休眠,处于关闭状态。A smart irrigation control method according to claim 16, characterized in that: the step 5 is specifically: there is an irrigation command in the irrigation command, controlling the main valve to open, and also controlling the corresponding underground well valve, semi-stop valve and The surface valve is open. Underground well valves, semi-stop valves and surface valves that do not need to be opened are in a dormant state and closed; if there is a fertilization instruction in the irrigation command, open the fertilizer control valve, otherwise the control fertilizer control valve is dormant and closed; irrigation If there is a medicine application instruction in the instruction, open the medicine control valve, otherwise the control medicine control valve is dormant and closed.
  18. 根据权利要求17所述的一种智慧灌溉控制方法,其特征在于:所述步骤5中,各个阀门打开后,水压检测装置检测管道内的水压,并将检测到的水压发送给数据采集模块,数据采集模块发送给数据接收模块,数据接收模块转发给中央处理模块,中央处理模块与额定的水压进行对比判断,根据判断结果发出继续调节或者停止调节的命令给灌溉设备管理模块,灌溉设备管理模块转发给灌溉设备终端执行模块,灌溉设备终端执行模块根据接收到的命令继续向智控灌溉执行器下发动作指令从而调节各个阀门开合度或者停止调节阀门开合度。A smart irrigation control method according to claim 17, characterized in that: in said step 5, after each valve is opened, the water pressure detection device detects the water pressure in the pipeline, and sends the detected water pressure to the data The data acquisition module sends the data acquisition module to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module forwards the data to the central processing module. The central processing module compares and judges with the rated water pressure, and sends a command to continue or stop the adjustment to the irrigation equipment management module according to the judgment result. The irrigation equipment management module is forwarded to the irrigation equipment terminal execution module, and the irrigation equipment terminal execution module continues to issue action instructions to the intelligent control irrigation actuator according to the received command to adjust the opening and closing degree of each valve or stop adjusting the opening and closing degree of the valve.
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