WO2018210180A1 - Cutting apparatus - Google Patents

Cutting apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018210180A1
WO2018210180A1 PCT/CN2018/086415 CN2018086415W WO2018210180A1 WO 2018210180 A1 WO2018210180 A1 WO 2018210180A1 CN 2018086415 W CN2018086415 W CN 2018086415W WO 2018210180 A1 WO2018210180 A1 WO 2018210180A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
disposed
axis
rod
moving
feeding
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PCT/CN2018/086415
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘�文
Original Assignee
东莞市光博士激光科技股份有限公司
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Priority claimed from CN201710343591.6 external-priority
Application filed by 东莞市光博士激光科技股份有限公司 filed Critical 东莞市光博士激光科技股份有限公司
Priority to ROA201900622A priority Critical patent/RO134050A2/en
Priority to BR112019015111-7A priority patent/BR112019015111A2/en
Publication of WO2018210180A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018210180A1/en

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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06HMARKING, INSPECTING, SEAMING OR SEVERING TEXTILE MATERIALS
    • D06H7/00Apparatus or processes for cutting, or otherwise severing, specially adapted for the cutting, or otherwise severing, of textile materials

Abstract

A cutting apparatus comprises: a material feeding device; a material feeding port, a cutting workstation and a product collection workstation that are sequentially disposed in a material feeding direction of the material feeding device; a gantry (21) provided with at least one cutter holder (4) in a suspended manner for mounting a cutting tool. A moving device for driving the cutter holder (4) to move in a 3D space is disposed between the gantry (21) and the cutter holder (4). A material drawing and pressing device and a material fixing and pressing device are disposed sequentially in the material feeding direction between a feed inlet and the cutting workstation.

Description

一种切割机Cutting machine 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及布料切割设备,特别涉及一种切割机。 The present invention relates to a cloth cutting apparatus, and more particularly to a cutting machine.
背景技术Background technique
随着社会的不断发展,使用自动化的切割设备对棉布、牛仔布、毛毡等布料进行切割或切割,可以大大的提高布料的加工精度和生产效率,现有的布料切割设备中大多是激光切割和机械切割,激光切割对厚实的或多层布料切割的质量不够理想,激光切割会产生大量的烟雾造成厂房内的空气污染,同时激光切割会造成布料切割的边缘产生碳化物从而影响布料切割的质量,而现有的机械切割机切割效率较慢,同时在切割过程中因布料受到刀具的影响容易起皱,导致布料放料不够平顺,进一步的降低了机械切割的精确度。With the continuous development of society, the use of automated cutting equipment to cut or cut cotton, denim, felt and other fabrics can greatly improve the processing precision and production efficiency of the fabric. Most of the existing fabric cutting equipment is laser cutting and Mechanical cutting, laser cutting is not ideal for cutting thick or multi-layer fabrics. Laser cutting can generate a lot of smoke and cause air pollution in the factory. At the same time, laser cutting will cause carbides on the edges of the fabric to affect the quality of fabric cutting. However, the existing mechanical cutting machine has a slow cutting efficiency, and at the same time, the cloth is easily wrinkled due to the influence of the tool during the cutting process, which leads to the material discharging is not smooth, further reducing the precision of the mechanical cutting.
技术问题technical problem
本发明的目的在于克服现有技术的不足,提供一种切割机。It is an object of the present invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and to provide a cutting machine.
技术解决方案Technical solution
为实现上述目的,本发明提供的技术方案为:一种切割机,包括机架以及设置在机架上的送料装置;所述机架上沿着送料装置的送料方向依次设置进料口、切割工位和产品收集工位,所述机架在切割工位上方设置龙门架,所述龙门架吊装有至少一个用于安装刀具的刀座,所述龙门架与刀座之间设置有带动刀座在三维空间内移动的移动装置,所述进料口和切割工位之间沿送料方向依次设置牵引压料装置和固定压料装置。In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution provided by the present invention is: a cutting machine comprising a frame and a feeding device disposed on the frame; the frame is arranged with a feeding port and cutting along the feeding direction of the feeding device. a work station and a product collection station, the frame is provided with a gantry above the cutting station, the gantry crane is equipped with at least one tool holder for mounting a tool, and a driving knife is arranged between the gantry frame and the tool holder A moving device that moves in a three-dimensional space, between the feeding port and the cutting station, a traction die device and a fixed die device are sequentially disposed along the feeding direction.
进一步阐述方案,所述送料装置包括送料底座、设置在送料底座上的输送带以及设置在输送带两端的从动轴,所述设置在进料口处的从动轴两端与送料底座之间设置有输送带拉紧件,所述进料口外侧设置有的无动力滚筒;所述送料底座在切割工位下方设置有固定布料的吸附固定装置,所述吸附固定装置包括上表面开制有的吸附孔的吸附板、设置在吸附板内部的负压腔以及与负压腔相通的气道,所述负压腔由多个相互独立的子负压腔组成,所述子负压腔与气道之间设置有电磁控制阀门,气道连接有抽气管,抽气管在机架上方设置抽气机连接口来外接抽气机。Further illustrated, the feeding device includes a feeding base, a conveyor belt disposed on the feeding base, and a driven shaft disposed at both ends of the conveyor belt, the two ends of the driven shaft disposed at the feeding port and the feeding base a belt tensioning member is disposed, and the power supply drum is disposed outside the feeding port; the feeding base is provided with an adsorption fixing device for fixing the cloth under the cutting station, and the adsorption fixing device comprises an upper surface An adsorption plate of the adsorption hole, a negative pressure chamber disposed inside the adsorption plate, and an air passage communicating with the negative pressure chamber, the negative pressure chamber being composed of a plurality of independent sub-negative pressure chambers, the sub-negative pressure chamber and An electromagnetic control valve is arranged between the air passages, and an air suction pipe is connected to the air passage. The air suction pipe is provided with an air extractor connection port above the rack to externally connect the air extractor.
进一步阐述方案,所述产品收集工位外侧设置有废料回收装置,所述废料回收装置包括输送带边罩、废料秆座、废料秆滑轨以及架设在废料秆座上的废料秆,两个所述输送带边罩对称固定在位于废料回收装置处的从动轴的两端,所述废料秆沿着平行从动轴轴向设置在两个输送带边罩之间,所述废料杆滑轨固接在输送带边罩上,所述废料杆座和废料秆滑轨滑动连接。Further clarifying the solution, the waste collection device is disposed outside the product collection station, and the waste recovery device comprises a conveyor belt side cover, a waste stalk seat, a waste stalk slide rail, and a waste stalk erected on the waste stalk seat, two The conveyor belt side cover is symmetrically fixed at both ends of the driven shaft at the waste recovery device, and the scrap straw is disposed axially between the two conveyor belt side covers along the parallel driven shaft, the scrap rod slide rail It is fixed on the conveyor belt side cover, and the waste rod seat and the scrap straw sliding rail are slidably connected.
进一步阐述方案,所述送料底座在进料口和切割工位之间沿着输送带的送料方向设置有引导架,所述固定压料装置固定在引导架靠近切割工位的一端,所述牵引压料装置沿着引导架在进料口和固定压料装置之间移动,所述送料底座内设置有驱动牵引压料装置的牵引电机;所述固定压料装置包括平行设置的第一压杆和固定杆、设置在固定杆两端的固定支架,所述第一压杆设置在垂直送料方向上,所述固定杆与引导架固定,所述固定支架上设置有驱动第一压杆的气缸。Further, the feeding base is provided with a guiding frame between the feeding port and the cutting station along the feeding direction of the conveyor belt, and the fixed pressing device is fixed at one end of the guiding frame near the cutting station, the traction The pressing device moves along the guiding frame between the feeding port and the fixed pressing device, wherein the feeding base is provided with a traction motor for driving the traction and pressing device; the fixed pressing device comprises a first pressing bar arranged in parallel And a fixing rod, a fixing bracket disposed at two ends of the fixing rod, the first pressing rod is disposed in a vertical feeding direction, the fixing rod is fixed to the guiding frame, and the fixing bracket is provided with a cylinder for driving the first pressing rod.
进一步阐述方案,所述牵引压料装置包括平行设置的第二压杆和移动杆、设置在移动杆两端的移动杆支架,所述移动杆与引导架滑动连接,所述移动杆支架设置有驱动第二压杆的气缸,输送带从进料口输送到切割工位的布料依次从第二压杆和移动杆之间、第一压杆和固定杆之间穿过,所述牵引电机和移动杆之间通过同步带驱动连接。Further illustrated, the traction and pressing device includes a second pressing rod and a moving rod disposed in parallel, a moving rod bracket disposed at two ends of the moving rod, the moving rod is slidably connected with the guiding frame, and the moving rod bracket is provided with a driving The cylinder of the second pressing rod, the cloth conveyed from the feeding port to the cutting station is sequentially passed between the second pressing rod and the moving rod, between the first pressing rod and the fixed rod, the traction motor and the moving The rods are connected by a timing belt drive.
进一步阐述方案,所述移动装置包括X轴移动组件、Y轴移动组件和升降装置,所述X轴移动组件包括设置在龙门架上的X轴导轨、X轴丝杆以及X轴驱动电机,所述龙门架垂直送料方向固定在机架上,所述龙门架的两端设置有与机架固装的龙门架安装板,所述X轴丝杆套设有与X轴驱动电机通过同步带驱动连接的丝杆螺母;所述Y轴移动组件在X轴驱动电机和X轴丝杆的驱动下沿着X轴导轨移动;所述龙门架在X轴丝杆的两端设置有弹性防撞件。Further illustrating the solution, the mobile device includes an X-axis moving assembly, a Y-axis moving assembly, and a lifting device, the X-axis moving assembly including an X-axis guide, an X-axis screw, and an X-axis driving motor disposed on the gantry. The vertical feeding direction of the gantry is fixed on the frame, and the gantry mounting plate fixed to the frame is disposed at both ends of the gantry, and the X-axis screw sleeve is driven by the X-axis driving motor through the synchronous belt a connected screw nut; the Y-axis moving assembly is moved along the X-axis guide rail under the driving of the X-axis driving motor and the X-axis screw; the gantry is provided with elastic anti-collision members at both ends of the X-axis screw .
进一步阐述方案,所述Y轴移动组件包括移动座以及设置在移动座上的第一滑块、Y轴导轨、Y轴驱动电机、Y轴丝杆,所述X轴驱动电机固装在移动座上,所述丝杆螺母安装在移动座上,所述第一滑块和X轴导轨滑动连接,所述升降装置在Y轴驱动电机和Y轴丝杆的驱动下沿着Y轴导轨移动。Further, the Y-axis moving assembly includes a moving seat and a first slider, a Y-axis guide rail, a Y-axis driving motor, and a Y-axis screw disposed on the moving seat, and the X-axis driving motor is fixed on the moving seat. The screw nut is mounted on the movable seat, the first slider and the X-axis guide are slidably connected, and the lifting device is moved along the Y-axis guide under the driving of the Y-axis driving motor and the Y-axis screw.
进一步阐述方案,所述升降装置包括安装座以及设置在安装座上的第二滑块和升降驱动组件,所述第二滑块与Y轴导轨滑动连接,所述升降驱动组件由升降驱动电机和竖直设置的导杆组成,所述刀座在升降驱动电机的驱动下沿着导杆移动,所述刀座上设置有刀具夹持件和驱动刀具转动的转动电机。Further illustrated, the lifting device includes a mounting seat and a second slider and a lifting drive assembly disposed on the mounting seat, the second sliding block is slidably coupled to the Y-axis guide rail, and the lifting drive assembly is driven by the lifting motor and A vertically disposed guide rod is moved along the guide rod driven by the lift drive motor, and the cutter holder is provided with a cutter holder and a rotary motor for driving the cutter to rotate.
进一步阐述方案,所述龙门架和移动座都为铸件,所述铸件为铸铁件或铸钢件。Further clarifying the solution, the gantry and the moving seat are both castings, and the castings are cast iron pieces or cast steel pieces.
进一步阐述方案,所述机架在切割工位的上方设置有投影预览装置,所述投影预览装置为投影仪。Further illustrating the solution, the rack is provided with a projection preview device above the cutting station, and the projection preview device is a projector.
有益效果Beneficial effect
其一,通过牵引压料装置将布料和输送带夹紧一起运移,使得布料在运移的过程中不会发生错位,同时通过固定压料装置将布料紧紧的压在输送带上,保证布料切割的一致性和精确性,解决了布料切割容易错位的问题。Firstly, the cloth and the conveyor belt are clamped together by the traction and pressing device, so that the cloth does not be misaligned during the transportation process, and the cloth is tightly pressed on the conveyor belt by the fixed pressing device to ensure that the cloth is tightly pressed on the conveyor belt. The consistency and precision of the cloth cutting solves the problem that the cloth cutting is easy to be misaligned.
其二,使用机械刀具对厚实的或多层布料进行切割,提高这类布料的切割质量,夹持在两个刀座上的刀具在各种移动装置的驱动下单独对布料进行异步切割,提高布料切割的效率。Second, the use of mechanical tools to cut thick or multi-layer fabrics to improve the cutting quality of such fabrics, the cutters clamped on the two holders are driven asynchronously by the various moving devices to improve the fabric. The efficiency of cloth cutting.
其三,结构布局合理,设备维修更方便,通过投影仪,可以提前预览切割的图案,提高切割的精确度。Thirdly, the structure layout is reasonable, and the equipment maintenance is more convenient. Through the projector, the cutting pattern can be previewed in advance, and the cutting precision is improved.
其四,采用铸件作为龙门架和移动座,降低因刀座和移动装置的重量对龙门架造成的形变量,从而提高切割大精度。Fourthly, the casting is used as the gantry and the movable seat to reduce the deformation of the gantry caused by the weight of the seat and the moving device, thereby improving the cutting precision.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明立体结构示意图。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
图2是图1另一视图方向的结构示意图。Figure 2 is a schematic view showing the structure of another view of Figure 1.
图3是移动装置以及刀座的结构示意图。3 is a schematic structural view of a mobile device and a blade holder.
图4是图3另一视图方向的结构示意图。Figure 4 is a schematic view showing the structure of another view of Figure 3.
图5是部分移动装置以及刀座的结构示意图。Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of a part of the moving device and the holder.
图6是送料装置的结构示意图。Figure 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of a feeding device.
图7是牵引压料装置和固定压料装置的结构示意图。Figure 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of a traction die device and a fixed die device.
图8是废料回收装置的结构示意图。Figure 8 is a schematic view showing the structure of a waste recovery device.
图中:1、机架;21、龙门架;22、X轴导轨;23、龙门架安装板;24、防撞件;25、X轴驱动电机;26、X轴丝杆;27、丝杆螺母;3、移动座;31、Y轴驱动电机;32、第一滑块;4、刀座;41、安装座;42、升降驱动组件;43、第二滑块;51、送料底座;52、输送带;53、无动力滚筒;54、输送带拉紧件;55、抽气管;61、第一压杆;62、固定杆;63、固定支架;64、第二压杆;65、移动杆;66、移动杆支架;67、牵引电机;68、引导架;7、废料回收装置;71、输送带边罩;72、废料杆座;73、废料杆;74、废料秆滑轨;8、投影仪;9、抽风机连接口。In the figure: 1, frame; 21, gantry; 22, X-axis guide; 23, gantry mounting plate; 24, anti-collision parts; 25, X-axis drive motor; 26, X-axis screw; 27, screw Nut; 3, moving seat; 31, Y-axis driving motor; 32, first slider; 4, knife seat; 41, mounting seat; 42, lifting drive assembly; 43, second slider; 51, feeding base; , conveyor belt; 53, no power roller; 54, conveyor belt tensioning member; 55, suction pipe; 61, first pressure bar; 62, fixed rod; 63, fixed bracket; 64, second pressure bar; Rod; 66, moving rod bracket; 67, traction motor; 68, guide frame; 7, waste recycling device; 71, conveyor belt side cover; 72, waste rod seat; 73, scrap rod; 74, scrap straw slide; , projector; 9, exhaust fan connection.
本发明的最佳实施方式BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
参照附图1至附图8介绍本发明的具体实施方式。Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to Figs. 1 to 8.
如图1-8所示,一种切割机,包括机架1以及设置在机架1上的送料装置;机架1上沿着送料装置的送料方向依次设置进料口、切割工位和产品收集工位,产品收集工位外侧设置有废料回收装置7,机架1在切割工位上方设置龙门架21,龙门架21吊装有两个用于安装刀具的刀座4,龙门架21与刀座4之间设置有带动刀座4在三维空间内移动的移动装置,进料口和切割工位之间沿送料方向依次设置牵引压料装置和固定压料装置。机架1在切割工位的上方设置有投影预览装置,投影预览装置为投影仪8。As shown in FIG. 1-8, a cutting machine includes a frame 1 and a feeding device disposed on the frame 1. The frame 1 is provided with a feeding port, a cutting station and a product in sequence along the feeding direction of the feeding device. The collection station is provided with a waste recovery device 7 outside the product collection station. The frame 1 is provided with a gantry 21 above the cutting station, and the gantry 21 is provided with two holders 4 for mounting the cutter, the gantry 21 and the knife. A moving device for moving the knife seat 4 in the three-dimensional space is disposed between the seat 4, and a traction and a fixed pressing device are sequentially disposed between the feeding port and the cutting station along the feeding direction. The frame 1 is provided with a projection preview device above the cutting station, and the projection preview device is a projector 8.
如图6所示,送料装置包括送料底座51、设置在送料底座51上的输送带52以及设置在输送带52两端的从动轴,设置在进料口处的从动轴两端与送料底座51之间设置有输送带拉紧件54,进料口外侧设置有的无动力滚筒53;送料底座51在切割工位下方设置有固定布料的吸附固定装置,吸附固定装置包括上表面开制有的吸附孔的吸附板、设置在吸附板内部的负压腔以及与负压腔相通的气道,吸附孔和负压腔相通,负压腔由多个相互独立的子负压腔组成,气道与各个子负压腔之间分别设置有独立控制的电磁控制阀门,气道连接有抽气管55,抽气管55在机架1上方设置抽气机连接口9来外接抽气机。As shown in FIG. 6, the feeding device includes a feeding base 51, a conveying belt 52 disposed on the feeding base 51, and a driven shaft disposed at both ends of the conveying belt 52, and both ends of the driven shaft and the feeding base disposed at the feeding opening A conveyor belt tensioning member 54 is disposed between the 51, and a powerless roller 53 is disposed outside the feeding port. The feeding base 51 is provided with an adsorption fixing device for fixing the cloth below the cutting station, and the adsorption fixing device includes an upper surface. The adsorption plate of the adsorption hole, the negative pressure chamber disposed inside the adsorption plate, and the air passage communicating with the negative pressure chamber, the adsorption hole and the negative pressure chamber are in communication, and the negative pressure chamber is composed of a plurality of independent sub-negative pressure chambers, and the gas An independently controlled electromagnetic control valve is disposed between the channel and each of the sub-negative pressure chambers, and an air suction pipe 55 is connected to the air passage. The air suction pipe 55 is provided with an air extractor connection port 9 above the frame 1 to externally connect the air extractor.
如图8所示,废料回收装置7包括输送带边罩71、废料秆座、废料秆滑轨74以及架设在废料秆座上的废料秆,两个输送带边罩71对称固定在位于废料回收装置7处的从动轴的两端,废料秆沿着平行从动轴轴向设置在两个输送带边罩71之间,废料杆73滑轨固接在输送带边罩71上,废料杆73座72和废料秆滑轨74滑动连接。As shown in FIG. 8, the waste recovery device 7 includes a conveyor belt side cover 71, a waste stalk seat, a waste stalk slide rail 74, and a waste stalk erected on the waste stalk seat. The two conveyor belt side hoods 71 are symmetrically fixed at the waste recycling. At both ends of the driven shaft at the device 7, the scrap stalk is disposed axially between the two conveyor belt side covers 71 along the parallel driven shaft, and the scrap rod 73 slide rail is fixed to the conveyor belt side cover 71, the waste rod The 73 seat 72 is slidably coupled to the scrap stalk rail 74.
如图6-7所示,送料底座51在进料口和切割工位之间沿着输送带52的送料方向设置有引导架68,固定压料装置固定在引导架68靠近切割工位的一端,牵引压料装置沿着引导架68在进料口和固定压料装置之间移动,送料底座51内设置有驱动牵引压料装置的牵引电机67;固定压料装置包括平行设置的第一压杆61和固定杆62、设置在固定杆62两端的固定支架63,第一压杆61设置在垂直送料方向上,固定杆62与引导架68固定,固定支架63上设置有驱动第一压杆61的气缸。As shown in FIG. 6-7, the feeding base 51 is provided with a guiding frame 68 along the feeding direction of the conveyor belt 52 between the feeding port and the cutting station, and the fixed pressing device is fixed at one end of the guiding frame 68 near the cutting station. The traction and pressing device moves along the guiding frame 68 between the feeding port and the fixed pressing device, and the feeding base 51 is provided with a traction motor 67 for driving the traction and pressing device; the fixed pressing device includes the first pressure arranged in parallel a rod 61 and a fixing rod 62, a fixing bracket 63 disposed at two ends of the fixing rod 62, the first pressing rod 61 is disposed in a vertical feeding direction, the fixing rod 62 is fixed to the guiding frame 68, and the fixing bracket 63 is provided with a driving first pressing rod 61 cylinders.
如图6-7所示,牵引压料装置包括平行设置的第二压杆64和移动杆65、设置在移动杆65两端的移动杆支架66,移动杆65与引导架68滑动连接,移动杆支架66设置有驱动第二压杆64的气缸,输送带52从进料口输送到切割工位的布料依次从第二压杆64和移动杆65之间、第一压杆61和固定杆62之间穿过,牵引电机67和移动杆65之间通过同步带驱动连接。As shown in FIG. 6-7, the traction and pressing device includes a second pressing rod 64 and a moving rod 65 disposed in parallel, and a moving rod bracket 66 disposed at two ends of the moving rod 65. The moving rod 65 is slidably connected with the guiding frame 68, and the moving rod is moved. The bracket 66 is provided with a cylinder for driving the second pressing rod 64. The cloth conveyed from the feeding port to the cutting station by the conveying belt 52 is sequentially from between the second pressing rod 64 and the moving rod 65, the first pressing rod 61 and the fixing rod 62. Between the traction motor 67 and the moving rod 65 is connected by a timing belt drive.
如图3-5所示,移动装置包括X轴移动组件、Y轴移动组件和升降装置,X轴移动组件包括设置在龙门架21上的X轴导轨22、X轴丝杆26以及X轴驱动电机25,龙门架21垂直送料方向固定在机架1上,龙门架21的两端设置有与机架1固装的龙门架安装板23,X轴丝杆26套设有与X轴驱动电机25通过同步带驱动连接的丝杆螺母27;Y轴移动组件在X轴驱动电机25和X轴丝杆26的驱动下沿着X轴导轨22移动;龙门架21在X轴丝杆26的两端设置有弹性防撞件24。As shown in FIGS. 3-5, the mobile device includes an X-axis moving assembly, a Y-axis moving assembly, and a lifting device. The X-axis moving assembly includes an X-axis guide 22, an X-axis screw 26, and an X-axis drive disposed on the gantry 21. The motor 25 and the gantry 21 are fixed in the vertical feeding direction on the frame 1. The two ends of the gantry 21 are provided with a gantry mounting plate 23 fixed to the frame 1, and the X-axis screw 26 is sleeved with the X-axis driving motor. 25 screw nut 27 connected by a timing belt drive; the Y-axis moving assembly is moved along the X-axis guide 22 by the X-axis drive motor 25 and the X-axis screw 26; the gantry 21 is on the X-axis screw 26 The end is provided with an elastic bumper 24.
如图3-5所示,Y轴移动组件包括移动座3以及设置在移动座3上的第一滑块32、Y轴导轨、Y轴驱动电机31、Y轴丝杆,X轴驱动电机25固装在移动座3上,丝杆螺母27安装在移动座3上,第一滑块32和X轴导轨22滑动连接,升降装置在Y轴驱动电机31和Y轴丝杆的驱动下沿着Y轴导轨移动。As shown in FIG. 3-5, the Y-axis moving assembly includes a moving base 3, a first slider 32 disposed on the moving base 3, a Y-axis guide rail, a Y-axis driving motor 31, a Y-axis screw, and an X-axis driving motor 25. Mounted on the moving base 3, the screw nut 27 is mounted on the moving base 3, the first sliding block 32 and the X-axis guide 22 are slidably connected, and the lifting device is driven by the Y-axis driving motor 31 and the Y-axis screw The Y-axis guide moves.
如图5所示,升降装置包括安装座41以及设置在安装座41上的第二滑块43和升降驱动组件42,第二滑块43与Y轴导轨滑动连接,升降驱动组件42由升降驱动电机和竖直设置的导杆组成,刀座4在升降驱动电机的驱动下沿着导杆移动,刀座4上设置有刀具夹持件和驱动刀具转动的转动电机。龙门架21和移动座3都为铸件,铸件为铸铁件。As shown in FIG. 5, the lifting device includes a mounting seat 41 and a second slider 43 and a lifting drive assembly 42 disposed on the mounting seat 41. The second slider 43 is slidably coupled to the Y-axis rail, and the lifting drive assembly 42 is driven by the lifting and lowering. The motor is composed of a vertically arranged guide rod 4, and the knife holder 4 is moved along the guide rod by the driving of the lifting drive motor. The knife holder 4 is provided with a cutter clamping member and a rotating motor for driving the cutter to rotate. Both the gantry 21 and the moving base 3 are castings, and the castings are cast iron pieces.
在进料口的外侧需要配设放置布料的布料架,将布料架中的布料经过进料口的无动力滚筒53后到牵引压料装置中被第二压杆64和移动杆65夹紧在输送带52上,牵引压料装置将布料和输送带52夹紧一起运移,牵引压料装置即作为切割机送料的牵引,又对布料进行移动的压料,避免布料在运移的过程中错位,布料运移到固定压料装置下被第一压杆61压紧,牵引压料装置回位到进料口进行下一进料步骤,刀座4上夹持有切割刀具,切割工位上的两个切割刀具在移动装置的驱动下对切割工位的布料分别单独进行切割,在切割工位上的布料通过吸附固定装置吸附在切割工位上,通过电磁控制阀门来控制各个子负压腔与气道的连通,切割机根据刀座的位置自动控制刀座正下方的子负压腔与气道连通,达到布料的吸附固定自动跟随刀座移动的效果,减少能源的浪费,当切割完后,牵引压料装置将后续的布料继续运移到切割工位上,切割完的废布料通过在废料杆73收卷回收。A cloth rack on which the cloth is placed is disposed outside the feed port, and the cloth in the cloth rack is passed through the unpowered drum 53 of the feed port and then clamped to the traction and pressing device by the second pressure rod 64 and the moving rod 65. On the conveyor belt 52, the traction and pressing device clamps and transports the cloth and the conveyor belt 52 together, and the traction and pressing device acts as a traction for feeding the cutting machine, and the material is moved to press the material to avoid the cloth in the process of transportation. Displaced, the fabric is transported to the fixed pressing device and pressed by the first pressing rod 61, and the pulling and pressing device is returned to the feeding port for the next feeding step, and the cutting tool is clamped on the knife seat 4, and the cutting station is The two cutting tools on the cutting device respectively cut the fabric of the cutting station under the driving of the moving device, and the cloth on the cutting station is adsorbed on the cutting station by the adsorption fixing device, and each sub-negative is controlled by the electromagnetic control valve. The pressure chamber communicates with the air passage, and the cutting machine automatically controls the sub-negative pressure chamber directly under the knife seat to communicate with the air passage according to the position of the knife seat, so as to achieve the effect of the adsorption and fixation of the cloth automatically following the movement of the knife seat, thereby reducing energy waste. After the cutting, the pulling and pressing device continuously transports the subsequent fabric to the cutting station, and the cut waste fabric is recovered by winding the scraping rod 73.
以上所述并非对本发明的技术范围作任何限制,凡依据本发明技术实质,对以上的实施例所作的任何修改、等同变化与修饰,均仍属于本发明的技术方案的范围内。The above description is not intended to limit the technical scope of the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent changes and modifications to the above embodiments are still within the scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.
本发明的实施方式Embodiments of the invention
在此处键入本发明的实施方式描述段落。The description paragraphs of the embodiments of the present invention are entered here.
工业实用性Industrial applicability
本发明是一种切割机,通过牵引压料装置将布料和输送带夹紧一起运移,使得布料在运移的过程中不会发生错位,同时通过固定压料装置将布料紧紧的压在输送带上,保证布料切割的一致性和精确性,解决了布料切割容易错位的问题。因此,具有工业实用性。The invention relates to a cutting machine which clamps and transports a cloth and a conveyor belt together by a pulling and pressing device, so that the cloth does not be misaligned during the moving process, and the cloth is tightly pressed by the fixed pressing device. On the conveyor belt, the consistency and accuracy of the cloth cutting are ensured, and the problem that the cloth cutting is easily misplaced is solved. Therefore, it has industrial applicability.
序列表自由内容Sequence table free content
在此处键入序列表自由内容描述段落。Type the sequence table free content description paragraph here.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种切割机,其特征在于,包括机架以及设置在机架上的送料装置;所述机架上沿着送料装置的送料方向依次设置进料口、切割工位和产品收集工位,所述机架在切割工位上方设置龙门架,所述龙门架吊装有至少一个用于安装刀具的刀座,所述龙门架与刀座之间设置有带动刀座在三维空间内移动的移动装置,所述进料口和切割工位之间沿送料方向依次设置牵引压料装置和固定压料装置。A cutting machine, comprising: a rack and a feeding device disposed on the rack; the rack is provided with a feeding port, a cutting station and a product collecting station in sequence along the feeding direction of the feeding device, The gantry is provided above the cutting station, and the gantry crane is equipped with at least one tool holder for mounting a tool, and a moving device for moving the tool holder in a three-dimensional space is arranged between the gantry frame and the tool holder A pulling and pressing device and a fixed pressing device are sequentially disposed between the feeding port and the cutting station along the feeding direction.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种切割机,其特征在于,所述送料装置包括送料底座、设置在送料底座上的输送带以及设置在输送带两端的从动轴,所述设置在进料口处的从动轴两端与送料底座之间设置有输送带拉紧件,所述进料口外侧设置有的无动力滚筒;所述送料底座在切割工位下方设置有固定布料的吸附固定装置,所述吸附固定装置包括上表面开制有的吸附孔的吸附板、设置在吸附板内部的负压腔以及与负压腔相通的气道,所述负压腔由多个相互独立的子负压腔组成,所述子负压腔与气道之间设置有控制阀门。A cutting machine according to claim 1, wherein said feeding means comprises a feeding base, a conveyor belt disposed on the feeding base, and a driven shaft disposed at both ends of the conveyor belt, said setting being at the inlet a conveyor belt tensioning member is disposed between the two ends of the driven shaft and the feeding base, and the power feeding roller is disposed outside the feeding port; the feeding base is provided with an adsorption fixing device for fixing the cloth below the cutting station. The adsorption fixing device comprises an adsorption plate with an adsorption hole formed on the upper surface, a negative pressure chamber disposed inside the adsorption plate, and an air passage communicating with the negative pressure chamber, wherein the negative pressure chamber is composed of a plurality of independent sub-children The negative pressure chamber is composed of a control valve disposed between the sub-negative pressure chamber and the air passage.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种切割机,其特征在于,所述产品收集工位外侧设置有废料回收装置,所述废料回收装置包括输送带边罩、废料秆座、废料秆滑轨以及架设在废料秆座上的废料秆,两个所述输送带边罩对称固定在位于废料回收装置处的从动轴的两端,所述废料秆沿着平行从动轴轴向设置在两个输送带边罩之间,所述废料杆滑轨固接在输送带边罩上,所述废料杆座和废料秆滑轨滑动连接。A cutting machine according to claim 2, wherein a waste recovery device is disposed outside the product collection station, and the waste recovery device comprises a conveyor belt side cover, a waste straw seat, a waste straw slide rail, and a erection machine. In the waste stalk on the waste stalk, two of the conveyor belt side hoods are symmetrically fixed at both ends of the driven shaft at the waste recovery device, and the waste stalk is disposed axially along the parallel driven shaft in two conveying Between the belt edge covers, the waste rod slide rail is fixed on the conveyor belt side cover, and the waste rod seat and the waste straw slide rail are slidably connected.
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的一种切割机,其特征在于,所述送料底座在进料口和切割工位之间沿着输送带的送料方向设置有引导架,所述固定压料装置固定在引导架靠近切割工位的一端,所述牵引压料装置沿着引导架在进料口和固定压料装置之间移动,所述送料底座内设置有驱动牵引压料装置的牵引电机;所述固定压料装置包括平行设置的第一压杆和固定杆、设置在固定杆两端的固定支架,所述第一压杆设置在垂直送料方向上,所述固定杆与引导架固定,所述固定支架上设置有驱动第一压杆的气缸。A cutting machine according to claim 2, wherein said feeding base is provided with a guiding frame between the feeding port and the cutting station along the feeding direction of the conveyor belt, and the fixed pressing device is fixed at The guiding frame is adjacent to one end of the cutting station, and the traction and pressing device moves along the guiding frame between the feeding port and the fixed pressing device, wherein the feeding base is provided with a traction motor for driving the traction and pressing device; The fixed pressing device comprises a first pressing rod and a fixing rod arranged in parallel, a fixing bracket disposed at two ends of the fixing rod, the first pressing rod is disposed in a vertical feeding direction, and the fixing rod is fixed with the guiding frame, the fixing A cylinder for driving the first pressing rod is disposed on the bracket.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种切割机,其特征在于,所述牵引压料装置包括平行设置的第二压杆和移动杆、设置在移动杆两端的移动杆支架,所述移动杆与引导架滑动连接,所述移动杆支架设置有驱动第二压杆的气缸,输送带从进料口输送到切割工位的布料依次从第二压杆和移动杆之间、第一压杆和固定杆之间穿过,所述牵引电机和移动杆之间通过同步带驱动连接。A cutting machine according to claim 4, wherein said pulling and pressing device comprises a second pressing rod and a moving rod arranged in parallel, a moving rod holder disposed at both ends of the moving rod, said moving rod and guiding a sliding connection, the moving rod bracket is provided with a cylinder for driving the second pressing rod, and the conveying belt is conveyed from the feeding port to the cutting station, and the cloth is sequentially from the second pressing rod and the moving rod, the first pressing rod and the fixing Between the rods, the traction motor and the moving rod are connected by a timing belt drive.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的一种切割机,其特征在于,所述移动装置包括X轴移动组件、Y轴移动组件和升降装置,所述X轴移动组件包括设置在龙门架上的X轴导轨、X轴丝杆以及X轴驱动电机,所述龙门架垂直送料方向固定在机架上,所述龙门架的两端设置有与机架固装的龙门架安装板,所述X轴丝杆套设有与X轴驱动电机通过同步带驱动连接的丝杆螺母;所述Y轴移动组件在X轴驱动电机和X轴丝杆的驱动下沿着X轴导轨移动;所述龙门架在X轴丝杆的两端设置有弹性防撞件。A cutting machine according to claim 1, wherein said moving means comprises an X-axis moving assembly, a Y-axis moving assembly and a lifting device, said X-axis moving assembly comprising an X-axis guide disposed on the gantry The X-axis screw and the X-axis driving motor are fixed to the frame in a vertical feeding direction, and the two ends of the gantry are provided with a gantry mounting plate fixed to the frame, the X-axis screw a threaded rod nut coupled to the X-axis drive motor via a timing belt drive; the Y-axis moving assembly is moved along the X-axis guide rail driven by the X-axis drive motor and the X-axis lead screw; the gantry is at X Elastic bumpers are provided at both ends of the shaft.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的一种切割机,其特征在于,所述Y轴移动组件包括移动座以及设置在移动座上的第一滑块、Y轴导轨、Y轴驱动电机、Y轴丝杆,所述X轴驱动电机固装在移动座上,所述丝杆螺母安装在移动座上,所述第一滑块和X轴导轨滑动连接,所述升降装置在Y轴驱动电机和Y轴丝杆的驱动下沿着Y轴导轨移动。A cutting machine according to claim 6, wherein said Y-axis moving assembly comprises a moving seat and a first slider, a Y-axis guide, a Y-axis drive motor, and a Y-axis screw disposed on the movable seat The X-axis driving motor is fixed on the moving seat, the screw nut is mounted on the moving seat, the first sliding block is slidably connected with the X-axis guide rail, and the lifting device drives the motor and the Y-axis in the Y-axis The screw is driven to move along the Y-axis guide.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的一种切割机,其特征在于,所述升降装置包括安装座以及设置在安装座上的第二滑块和升降驱动组件,所述第二滑块与Y轴导轨滑动连接,所述升降驱动组件由升降驱动电机和竖直设置的导杆组成,所述刀座在升降驱动电机的驱动下沿着导杆移动,所述刀座上设置有刀具夹持件和驱动刀具转动的转动电机。A cutting machine according to claim 7, wherein said lifting device comprises a mounting seat and a second slider and lifting drive assembly disposed on the mounting seat, said second slider sliding with the Y-axis guide Connected, the lift drive assembly is composed of a lift drive motor and a vertically disposed guide rod, the cutter base is moved along a guide rod driven by a lift drive motor, and the cutter holder is provided with a cutter clamp and a drive The rotating motor that rotates the tool.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的一种切割机,其特征在于,所述龙门架和移动座都为铸件,所述铸件为铸铁件或铸钢件。A cutting machine according to claim 8, wherein said gantry and said moving seat are both castings, said castings being cast iron or cast steel.
  10. 根据权利要求1-9任意一项所述的一种切割机,其特征在于,所述机架在切割工位的上方设置有投影预览装置,所述投影预览装置为投影仪。A cutting machine according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the frame is provided with a projection preview device above the cutting station, and the projection preview device is a projector.
PCT/CN2018/086415 2017-05-16 2018-05-11 Cutting apparatus WO2018210180A1 (en)

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ROA201900622A RO134050A2 (en) 2017-05-16 2018-05-11 Cutting machine
BR112019015111-7A BR112019015111A2 (en) 2017-05-16 2018-05-11 CUTTING MECHANISM

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EP3699351A1 (en) * 2019-02-19 2020-08-26 Comelz S.p.A. Apparatus for cutting of sheet material with enhanced cutting heads' displacement system
CN113547649A (en) * 2021-08-06 2021-10-26 南通固邦数控机床有限公司 Graphite deep and long hole machine tool and machining method thereof
CN114351438A (en) * 2021-12-15 2022-04-15 安徽金九鼎复合材料有限公司 Device for accurately cutting glass fiber biaxial fabric
CN114654539A (en) * 2022-03-11 2022-06-24 南京林业大学 Accurate cutting device of intelligence furniture board
CN115083994A (en) * 2022-07-21 2022-09-20 凯瑞电子(诸城)有限公司 Adjustable parallel seal welding clamp for surface mounting of ceramic shell

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EP3699351A1 (en) * 2019-02-19 2020-08-26 Comelz S.p.A. Apparatus for cutting of sheet material with enhanced cutting heads' displacement system
WO2020169459A1 (en) 2019-02-19 2020-08-27 Comelz S.P.A. Apparatus for cutting of sheet material with enhanced cutting heads' displacement system
CN111472163A (en) * 2020-06-01 2020-07-31 金银河 Garment factory tailoring equipment with stacking mechanism
CN113547649A (en) * 2021-08-06 2021-10-26 南通固邦数控机床有限公司 Graphite deep and long hole machine tool and machining method thereof
CN114351438A (en) * 2021-12-15 2022-04-15 安徽金九鼎复合材料有限公司 Device for accurately cutting glass fiber biaxial fabric
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CN115083994A (en) * 2022-07-21 2022-09-20 凯瑞电子(诸城)有限公司 Adjustable parallel seal welding clamp for surface mounting of ceramic shell
CN115083994B (en) * 2022-07-21 2022-10-25 凯瑞电子(诸城)有限公司 Adjustable parallel seal welding clamp for surface mounting of ceramic shell

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