CN102205481B - Method for automatically forming encircling plate of refrigerator - Google Patents

Method for automatically forming encircling plate of refrigerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102205481B
CN102205481B CN2011100226358A CN201110022635A CN102205481B CN 102205481 B CN102205481 B CN 102205481B CN 2011100226358 A CN2011100226358 A CN 2011100226358A CN 201110022635 A CN201110022635 A CN 201110022635A CN 102205481 B CN102205481 B CN 102205481B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
coaming plate
refrigerator
processed
die
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011100226358A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102205481A (en
Inventor
胡德云
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安徽鲲鹏装备模具制造有限公司
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Priority to CN2011100226358A priority Critical patent/CN102205481B/en
Publication of CN102205481A publication Critical patent/CN102205481A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102205481B publication Critical patent/CN102205481B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for automatically forming an encircling plate of a refrigerator. A plate is sequentially processed according to the following steps: loading the plate, punching I, rolling, punching II, flanging, dividing the plate, bending, moving the plate, positioning welding, discharging, and receiving the plate. An electric control system of each single unit is controlled by using a PLC (programmable logic controller), thereby realizing the automatic forming of the encircling plate of the refrigerator. The working efficiency is greatly increased.

Description

A kind of refrigerator coaming plate automatic forming method

Technical field

The present invention relates to the sheet-metal formed field, specially refer to refrigerator coaming plate automatic forming.

Background technology

Refrigerator is produced on a large scale and is used in China, and refrigerator coaming plate of the prior art is formed by connecting by connector by forward and backward plate and four blocks of independent plates of left and right plate respectively, and four blocks of plates are made respectively, install respectively, workman's operation sequence is many, and inefficiency is unfavorable for large-scale production.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of refrigerator coaming plate forming method, a kind of forming method of efficient, automated production refrigerator coaming plate particularly is provided.

For achieving the above object, the present invention by the following technical solutions: a kind of refrigerator coaming plate automatic forming method may further comprise the steps:

Step 1, plate is delivered on the power transmission line through the feeder sucker;

Step 2, plate is finished roller through bicker I and is pricked the die-cut of limit otch and aperture position;

Step 3 is processed through roller mill through the plate that step 2 is processed, and a side of plate is grown the limit roller be bundled into type 90 degree;

Step 4 is finished the die-cut of round and large and small square hole through the plate that step 3 is processed through bicker II;

Step 5, flanger are used for flange and the rushing of part louvre of bicker II institute punching position and turn over;

Step 6, bender are used for the four roads bending of the plate of processing through step 5 curved, form coaming plate;

Step 7, material moving machine tool hand is transferred to the positioning welding place to the coaming plate of processing through step 6;

Step 8, positioning welding positions shaping and welding to coaming plate;

Step 9, the coaming plate that the discharging manipulator will weld is transferred to receiver;

Step 10, receiver are accepted the coaming plate that has welded, and are transferred to assigned address;

More than the electric-control system of the unit that uses of each step adopt PLC control.

The optimal way of refrigerator coaming plate automatic forming method of the present invention is: shunt through depiler through the plate that described step 5 is processed, the plate after the shunting carries out respectively step 6, seven, eight, nine, ten processing.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is: by refrigerator coaming plate forming method disclosed by the invention, can realize the automation of producing, thereby increase work efficiency.Because the time of bending welding is compared with the step of front, and is long, when automated production, produce the inconsistent problem of beat, optimal way employing depiler is shunted plate, thereby has realized the continuity of whole production line, has further improved production efficiency.

Other advantages of the present invention, target and feature will be set forth to a certain extent in the following description, and to a certain extent, based on being apparent to those skilled in the art to investigating hereinafter, perhaps can obtain from the practice of the present invention instruction.Target of the present invention and other advantages can realize and obtain by specifically noted structure in following specification and the accompanying drawing.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is refrigerator coaming plate form wire equipment configuration block diagram;

Fig. 2 is refrigerator coaming plate form wire equipment front view;

Fig. 3 is refrigerator coaming plate form wire equipment top view;

The specific embodiment

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

One, material loading

The course of work of feeder 20 is: the plate that will be deposited on the material loading trolley 1 picks up plate to certain altitude by Suction cup assembly 3, then is discharged on the power transmission line 2 by carrying support body 4 to be sent to, and by cylinder plate is carried out the side location.

The height of the plate on the material loading trolley 1 is 0-300mm, and material loading trolley 1 is provided with the magnetic feeding distribution mechanism.By the manual drive turnover, walk at the guide rail that two working faces are positioned at more than the plane on the material loading trolley 1 online body direction.

Suction cup carrier moves up and down by air cylinder driven, moves horizontally by motor reducer to drive, and totally 12 overlap suckers, and per 2 groups of suckers are joined a vacuum transmitter.The sucker position is adjustable, can select the open and close sucker to inhale vacuum state according to plate size length.

Power transmission line 2 is used for finishing the initial alignment on the online body of plate, simultaneously plate is sent into subsequent handling.After plate was discharged into the cylinder conveyor surface, the side positioning cylinder was pushed plate to side location, and the exhaust hood auto-returned puts in place.The roller conveyor discharging opening is provided with the extra quality checkout gear of electronic type, as the faults such as extra quality occur, and plate stops to send into next procedure automatically, prevents from damaging die cutting die and follow-up special plane.

Two, die-cut I

Bicker I30 is used for roller and pricks the die-cut of each otch of limit and aperture position, comprises the die-cut mould bases 7 of C type, belt conveyor 5, positioner 6, waste material collection device 8, base 9.

The die-cut mould bases of C type arranges 12 covers according to the requirement of product, oriented side 8 covers, adjust side 4 covers, on the width, the oriented side mould bases is fixed, and adjusts side and can manually adjust, on the length direction, the front end mould bases is fixed, and all the other can manually be adjusted relatively, and each adjustment unit all flexible positioner is located fast.

The installation of die cutting die is adopted and is from changed up the quick change mold mechanism, with above-mentioned mould bases interface consistent size, according to product requirement how secondary die cutting die is set, and indivedual moulds are with as required and are selected punching, and all die changes of this section adopt doggy style.

Plate is carried and is adopted band sliver flat belt to carry, and divides into magnetic absorption mechanism, frequency control, and product is carried reliable and stable.

Location and side location before and after positioner 6 contains, each cover is located in front and back, is installed in respectively on the front and back ends mould bases, and the Pneumatic elevation structure is adopted in prelocalization, and the front selection structure of level is adopted in rear location, and side is orientated gulde edge as and is fixed, the horizontal sliding of opposite side cylinder.

Waste material collection device 8 arranges the waste material drawer at each mould bases and carries out single collection.

Base 9 adopts shaped steel to be welded, machine-shaping after destressing is processed.

Three, rolling

Roller mill 40 is used for the long limit of the side roller of plate is bundled into type 90 degree, comprises gear case assembly 11, rolling wheel 10, support 12.

Roller mill adopts the array briquetting roller to finish roll forming, and adopts and hang the rolling wheel structure, uses motor reducer to drive, and carries out variable frequency regulating speed control.

Briquetting roller adopts bearing steel to make, and quenching reaches HRC56-62.

Support 12 and gear-box adopt Welding Structure, and annealed processing, possess higher rigidity and intensity.

In the roller mill entry and exit input and output material guidance set is set.

Four, die-cut II

Bicker II50 is used for the die-cut of whole rounds and large and small square hole, comprises the die-cut mould bases of C type, belt conveyor, positioner, waste material collection device, base.

The die-cut mould bases of C type requires to arrange 5 covers according to arranging of product, and 3 covers are placed on gulde edge, and 2 covers are placed on the adjustment limit and are used for the die-cut of motor-driven hole.Be respectively applied to the punching in controller hole, press hole.On the width, the die-cut mould bases in motor-driven hole can manually be adjusted, and all the other mould bases are fixed.On the length direction, the front end mould bases is fixed, and all the other can manually be adjusted relatively, and adjustment member all flexible positioner is located fast.

The installation of die cutting die is adopted and is from changed up the quick change mold mechanism.

Five, flange

Flange and rushing of all louvres that flanger 60 is used for bicker II institute punching position are turned over, and comprise C type flange mould bases 13, belt conveyor, positioner, base.

C type flange mould bases 13 arranges 13 covers according to product requirement, is respectively applied to the flange of all louvres, controller hole, press hole and pan.On the width, mould bases is fixed, and on the length direction, the front end mould bases is fixed, and all the other can manually be adjusted relatively, and flexible positioner is located fast.

Six, sub-material

Depiler 70 is used for the both sides shunting of plate, so that the feeding of two cover bending bonding machines to be provided, comprises belt conveyor line 15, sub-material Suction cup assembly 14.

Two of belt conveyor lines are accepted with the main line body for one side by side, and another splits online body one side, all adopts motor reducer to drive.

14 effects of sub-material Suction cup assembly are that the plate that the main line body has more is transplanted on the side line body, work on.

Its structure is with the material loading part.

Seven, bending

Bender 80 is curved for the four roads bending of plate, places side by side, comprises bending unit, clamping device 16, belt conveyor, positioner, base.

Bending unit two covers adopt cantilever mechanism, the symmetrical installation, but spacing centering is adjusted automatically by servomotor.Every cover bending unit adopts air cylinder driven binder and bending, after finishing slubbing and curving type, carries out the curved moulding in two roads by the servomotor automatic displacement, and displacement stroke is different according to product, by the touch-screen parameters.

Clamping device 16 adopts the air cylinder driven material folding, plate invariant position when guaranteeing the die orifice displacement.

Plate is carried and is adopted band sliver flat belt to carry, and divides into magnetic absorption mechanism, frequency control, and product is carried reliable and stable.

Positioner contains prelocalization, rear location and side location, all adopts air cylinder driven.

Support adopts shaped steel to be welded, and processes through destressing.

Eight, move material

Material moving machine tool hand 90 is used for the bending squab panel is moved to bonding machine 100 by bender, and every bender disposes one, comprises both sides clamping device 19, horizontal clamping device 18, lowering or hoisting gear 17, shifting apparatus 21, frame.

Both sides clamping device 19 is used for clamping the coaming plate both sides, adopts cylinder to promote pinion and rack, drives fixedly plate of gripper.

Horizontal clamping device 18 is used for the coaming plate top after the clamping bending, and structure is with the both sides clamping device, and it is indeformable to guarantee that coaming plate moves.

Lowering or hoisting gear 17 adopts all clamping device liftings of motor-driven, is convenient to horizontal transfer.

Frame adopts planer type structure, across bender, slope and positioning welding connect material.

Nine, positioning welding

Positioning welding 100 is used for location and the welding of bending coaming plate, and every bender disposes one, comprises welding unit, positioner 22.

Welding unit adopts cantilevered roll welding structure, satisfies the welding needs of large specification product.

Positioner 22 is used for accepting the coaming plate after the bending, and utilizes the external pneumatic material pressing device to carry out automatic school shape, fixing, to guarantee after the coaming plate welding accurately size.

Ten, discharging

Discharging manipulator 110 is used for the discharging of welding squab panel, and every bonding machine disposes one, comprises air-leg, lowering or hoisting gear.

Air-leg one cover is installed in the welding unit side, by the horizontal discharging of air cylinder driven.

Lowering or hoisting gear adopts the air cylinder driven lifting.

11, connect material

Receiver 120 is used for accepting the coaming plate behind the welding fabrication, adopts the slope roller path structure.Receiver is without driving power, and outlet arranges stop gauge.

12, pneumatic system

Pneumatic system adopts minute gas mode of concentrating, and total source of the gas mouth arranges device for drying and filtering, and is dry, clean to guarantee air.Pneumatic system comprises triplet, magnetic valve, vacuum unit and pipeline.

13, hydraulic system

Hydraulic pressure system altogether disposes three cover Hydraulic Stations, disposes respectively bicker I, bicker II, flanger.Hydraulic Station comprises fuel tank, filter, hydraulic pump, hydraulic valve, cooling device.Hydraulic oil container has circulating cooling system, and cooling water adopts industrial running water.

14, electric-control system

Electric-control system adopts PLC control, and each special plane can be distinguished separately control, realizes separately manually, automatically produces, and on line is carried out automatic streamline production completely simultaneously.

Bus is established a main control cabinet, and main cabinet can promptly stop line, and each special plane is established a button box simultaneously, respectively special plane is carried out manually, automatically controls, and have scram button that each special plane is carried out emergency shutdown.

Explanation is at last, above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, other modifications that those of ordinary skills make technical scheme of the present invention or be equal to replacement, only otherwise break away from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. refrigerator coaming plate automatic forming method is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
Step 1, plate is delivered on the power transmission line through the feeder sucker;
Step 2, plate is finished the die-cut of rolling limit otch and aperture position through bicker I;
Step 3 is processed through roller mill through the plate that step 2 is processed, with the long limit of side rolling and forming 90 degree of plate;
Step 4 is finished the die-cut of round and large and small square hole through the plate that step 3 is processed through bicker II;
Step 5, flanger are used for flange and the rushing of part louvre of bicker II institute punching position and turn over;
Step 6, bender are used for the four roads bending of the plate of processing through step 5 curved, form coaming plate;
Step 7, material moving machine tool hand is transferred to the positioning welding place to the coaming plate of processing through step 6;
Step 8, positioning welding positions shaping and welding to coaming plate;
Step 9, the coaming plate that the discharging manipulator will weld is transferred to receiver;
Step 10, receiver are accepted the coaming plate that has welded, and are transferred to assigned address;
More than the electric-control system of the unit that uses of each step adopt the PLC centralized Control.
2. refrigerator coaming plate automatic forming method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, shunts through depiler through the plate that described step 5 is processed, and the plate after the shunting carries out respectively described step 6, seven, eight, nine, ten processing.
CN2011100226358A 2011-01-20 2011-01-20 Method for automatically forming encircling plate of refrigerator CN102205481B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100226358A CN102205481B (en) 2011-01-20 2011-01-20 Method for automatically forming encircling plate of refrigerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100226358A CN102205481B (en) 2011-01-20 2011-01-20 Method for automatically forming encircling plate of refrigerator

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CN102205481A CN102205481A (en) 2011-10-05
CN102205481B true CN102205481B (en) 2013-04-03

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103008449A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-04-03 滁州市鑫隆机电有限公司 Full-automatic production line for forming liner of commercial refrigerator
CN103212623B (en) * 2012-12-10 2015-04-15 安徽省科昌机械制造有限公司 Inner container automatic forming machine
CN103522064B (en) * 2013-09-29 2016-02-03 中国航空动力机械研究所 Plate bead cutter and Sheet Metal Processing method
CN105269320B (en) * 2015-10-10 2017-11-14 济南职业学院 A kind of sheet processing system
CN106424326B (en) * 2016-08-24 2018-10-30 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line
CN107081572A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-22 滁州艾普机电科技有限公司 A kind of automatic forming method of refrigerator coaming plate
CN108057796B (en) * 2017-11-24 2019-09-20 安徽鲲鹏装备模具制造有限公司 A kind of freezer liner preparation method
CN110216424B (en) * 2019-06-13 2020-06-19 烟台卡斯凯特金属制品股份有限公司 Box welding production line and production method
CN110340675A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-10-18 滁州尚诺自动化设备有限公司 A kind of Machine Room bottom plate front and back stiffening plate production equipment and process
CN110548994A (en) * 2019-08-16 2019-12-10 大族激光科技产业集团股份有限公司 Laser tailor-welding equipment and method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6006789A (en) * 1995-08-25 1999-12-28 Kawasaki Steel Corporation Method of preparing a steel pipe, an apparatus thereof and a steel pipe
CN101754624A (en) * 2008-12-19 2010-06-23 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Metal shell body and forming method thereof
CN101875170A (en) * 2009-04-28 2010-11-03 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Production method and production system of container door panel

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100622442B1 (en) * 2006-03-02 2006-09-12 이영우 Hanger manufacturing method and hanger manufacture system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6006789A (en) * 1995-08-25 1999-12-28 Kawasaki Steel Corporation Method of preparing a steel pipe, an apparatus thereof and a steel pipe
CN101754624A (en) * 2008-12-19 2010-06-23 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Metal shell body and forming method thereof
CN101875170A (en) * 2009-04-28 2010-11-03 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Production method and production system of container door panel

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