WO2017045625A1 - Pile frame and method of using and mounting same - Google Patents

Pile frame and method of using and mounting same Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017045625A1
WO2017045625A1 PCT/CN2016/099087 CN2016099087W WO2017045625A1 WO 2017045625 A1 WO2017045625 A1 WO 2017045625A1 CN 2016099087 W CN2016099087 W CN 2016099087W WO 2017045625 A1 WO2017045625 A1 WO 2017045625A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
column
frame
cylinder
telescopic
pin
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PCT/CN2016/099087
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钱奂云
陈梓林
史筱晖
邓超
李海舰
刘进学
曾素
张峰
朱振新
Original Assignee
山河智能装备股份有限公司
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Application filed by 山河智能装备股份有限公司 filed Critical 山河智能装备股份有限公司
Priority to JP2018532501A priority Critical patent/JP6498361B2/en
Priority to KR1020187006162A priority patent/KR102038877B1/en
Publication of WO2017045625A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017045625A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/02Placing by driving
    • E02D7/06Power-driven drivers
    • E02D7/14Components for drivers inasmuch as not specially for a specific driver construction
    • E02D7/16Scaffolds or supports for drivers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D13/00Accessories for placing or removing piles or bulkheads, e.g. noise attenuating chambers
    • E02D13/04Guide devices; Guide frames
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2250/00Production methods

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a pile frame, and more particularly to a pile frame which can be erected by itself without the aid of auxiliary equipment other than the machine.
  • the present invention also relates to a method of installing and installing the pile frame.
  • the pile frame is an indispensable mechanical equipment in the construction of the foundation of the building. All kinds of mechanical equipment such as pile driver, pile hammer and drilling machine are to be hung and installed on the pile frame for construction; when the pile frame is classified by walking mode At the time, it is mainly divided into two types: the walking type pile frame and the crawler type pile frame; however, regardless of the type of pile frame, the structure is generally mainly composed of a chassis, a fuselage, a column, an inclined support and a power system; The diagonal support is long. In the case of long-distance transitions, etc., it is necessary to disassemble and disassemble the column and the oblique support before transporting.
  • the first type of pile frame such as the crawler type pile frame published in the fifth chapter of "Pile Work Machinery” published by Machinery Industry Press: the pile frame needs to collapse the column 3' and the oblique support 4' during the transition. After disassembly, the vehicle is transported separately, and the new site is reinstalled.
  • the disadvantage is that the crane does not only need the crane and the hoist to participate in the operation at the same time, but also the auxiliary operation device is complicated, the operation is difficult, the efficiency is low, and the cost is high.
  • the distance H between the fulcrum of the pile frame 4' on the fuselage 2' and the distance L from the fulcrum to the column 3' are wide, and the fulcrum is hinged to the rear leg 2d which is in direct contact with the ground. 'Up, and the height position Y is low (see Figure 1, Figure 2), which makes the stability and safety of the whole machine better.
  • a second pile frame such as the technical solution of a pile frame disclosed in the patent 201510021701.8: the pile frame mainly comprises: a chassis 1' with a crawler walking device, a fuselage 2', a column 3', and an inclined support with a telescopic cylinder 4 ', a letter frame 5a', a lifting cylinder 5b'; one end of the oblique support 4' is hinged to the column 3', one end of the bracket 5a' and the lifting cylinder 5b' are respectively hinged to the fuselage 2'; The other end of the support 4', the inline frame 5a' and the lifting cylinder 5b' are hinged at one place, and the expansion and collapse of the cylinder are performed by the telescopic movement; the advantage is that the auxiliary equipment such as a crane and a winch is not required to participate.
  • the operation can be carried out without complicated auxiliary working devices, and the operation is simple, saving manpower, material resources and time; but the disadvantages are: the distance Ha of the oblique support 4' between the fulcrums on the fuselage 2', and the fulcrum to The distance La of the column 3' is smaller than the corresponding distances H and L of the first type of pile frame, and the height position Ya of the fulcrum is higher than the height position Y of the first type pile frame, and the support away from the ground ( See Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4) to make the stability of the whole machine clear Significantly lower than the first type of pile frame.
  • the object of the present invention is to provide a pile frame and a method for using the same, which can realize the simple and convenient self-standing vertical collapse of the large pile frame, the vertical column and the oblique support can be transported integrally without disassembly, and at the same time ensure the reasonable support structure of the pile post. Thereby reducing the use cost, improving work efficiency, improving the stability and safety of the whole machine.
  • a pile frame includes: a movable chassis, a fuselage, a column, a diagonal support, and a herringbone frame.
  • the movable chassis can be moved in a walking manner or a crawler type; the front body is provided with a front bracket, a front leg, an intermediate hinge seat, a retractable rear leg, an operation room and a power system.
  • the column is composed of a lower column and an upper column, the column is provided with a guide rail and a sliding device, and the lower column is further provided with a lifting device, the lower end of the column is hinged with the front bracket on the fuselage; the sliding device is on the guide rail of the column
  • the upper portion is freely slidable and can be hinged and fixed to the column by means of a pin shaft respectively;
  • the oblique support is composed of a support rod and a telescopic device and a telescopic cylinder respectively coupled to the two ends of the support, and one end of the oblique support is hinged on the sliding device of the column The other end is hinged on the frame of the herringbone frame, so that the column is in a three-point support state; the her
  • the utility model is characterized in that: an expansion connector is arranged on the cylinder of the telescopic cylinder of the oblique support, and a movable connection seat is also hinged on the telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder, and a bracket of the herringbone frame is further provided with a movable bracket.
  • the group of transition joints and transition joints B, the horizontally and longitudinally extendable rear legs of the fuselage are also provided with a set of fixed joints, and the telescopic cylinders of the oblique supports can be hinged in one word by means of the extension connectors and the pins.
  • the transition joint of the frame is connected to the bottom; the movable joint on the telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder can be coupled to the transition joint of the bracket by means of the pin, or can be coupled to the horizontal and vertical of the fuselage.
  • the fixed connecting seat of the telescopic rear leg is connected to the bottom; the movable joint on the telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder can be coupled to the transition joint of the bracket by means of the pin, or can be coupled to the horizontal and vertical of the fuselage.
  • the above-mentioned pile frame installation method has the following steps:
  • the chassis, fuselage, lower column, diagonal support and herringbone frame of the pile frame are transported to the construction site in a non-disassembled state; at this time, the movable connecting seat on the telescopic rod of the obliquely supporting telescopic cylinder is supported by a pin and a The transition joint on the bracket is fixedly coupled; the sliding device is coupled to the lower pillar by means of a pin.
  • the telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder is contracted, and the column is then hoisted upward by the hinge point of the front bracket.
  • the telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder projects outwardly with the movable connecting seat thereon until the movable connecting seat on the telescopic rod is aligned with the fixed connecting seat on the retractable rear leg, and the telescopic cylinder is used by using the pin shaft.
  • the movable connecting seat on the telescopic rod is coupled with the fixed connecting seat on the telescopic rear leg.
  • the telescopic rod of the telescopic cylinder of the oblique support contracts, and the column then rotates with the hinge point of the front bracket as the axis to continue to rise upward until it reaches a vertical state of 90 degrees with the ground; the lifting cylinder of the herringbone shrinks.
  • the holder is fixed to the set position, and the herringbone frame is fixed on the middle hinge seat of the fuselage by means of the pin shaft. At this point, the pile frame is completed from the stand-up operation.
  • the large-sized pile frame realizes the self-supporting and squatting operation, which is simple and convenient to operate, safe and reliable to use, and can greatly improve work efficiency;
  • the standing and dumping of the large pile frame does not require the use of auxiliary machines and devices such as a hoist and a crane to participate in the operation, which can greatly reduce the use cost of personnel and equipment;
  • the column and the oblique support can be transported as a whole without disassembly, thereby reducing the use cost of personnel and equipment and improving work efficiency;
  • the movable connecting seat on the telescopic rod of the inclined support telescopic cylinder of the pile frame can be hinged on the rear leg directly contacting the ground.
  • the lateral distance Hc between the fulcrums of the pile frame and the longitudinal distance Lc of the fulcrum to the column are sufficiently wide, and the fulcrum height position Yc is low (see Figs. 5 and 6), thereby improving the stability of the whole machine and Safety and reliability.
  • Figure 1 is a front elevational view of a first type of pile frame of the prior art.
  • Figure 2 is an A-direction view of the first type of pile frame shown in Figure 1.
  • Figure 3 is a front elevational view of a prior art second pile frame.
  • Figure 4 is a B-direction view of the second pile frame shown in Figure 3.
  • Fig. 5 is a front elevational view showing the pile frame of the first embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 6 is a C-direction view of the pile frame shown in Figure 5.
  • Figure 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of the present invention in a transport state.
  • Fig. 8 is a view showing a state in which the upper column is hoisted in the assembled state of the present invention.
  • Fig. 9 is a view showing a state in which the upper column and the lower column are connected in the assembled state of the present invention.
  • Fig. 10 is a view showing a state in which the slide device slides in the assembled state of the present invention.
  • Fig. 11 is a view showing a state in which the angle between the pole and the floor is ⁇ when the assembled state is in the assembled state, and the movable joint is not connected to the fixed joint.
  • Figure 12 is an enlarged view of the direction of Figure 11D.
  • Fig. 13 is an enlarged view of the direction of Fig. 11D after the fourth pin is pulled out.
  • Fig. 14 is a view showing a state in which the angle between the upright and the ground in the assembled state is ⁇ , and the movable joint is connected to the fixed joint.
  • Figure 15 is an enlarged view of the direction of Figure 14E.
  • Figure 16 is a view showing a state in which the present invention moves from an assembled state to an operating state.
  • Figure 17 is a schematic view showing the structure of the working state of the present invention.
  • Embodiment 1 A pile frame
  • a pile frame includes a movable chassis 1, a fuselage 2, a column 3, a diagonal support 4, and a herringbone frame 5.
  • the movable chassis 1 can be moved in a walking manner or a crawler type; the body 2 is provided with a front bracket 2a, a front leg 2b, an intermediate hinge 2c, and a retractable rear leg 2d.
  • the operation chamber 2e and the power system 2f; the column 3 is composed of a lower column 3a and an upper column 3b.
  • the column 3 is provided with a guide rail 3c and a sliding device 3d.
  • the lower column 3a is further provided with a lifting device 3e, and the lower end of the column 3
  • the front bracket 2a of the fuselage 2 is hinged;
  • the sliding device 3d is slidable on the rail 3c of the pillar 3, and can be hinged and fixed to the pillar 3 by the second pin 3f and the third pin 3g, respectively;
  • the inclined support 4 is composed of a support rod 4a and a telescopic device 4b and a telescopic cylinder 4c respectively coupled to the two ends of the support rod 4a.
  • One end of the oblique support is hinged on the sliding device 3d of the column 3, and the other end is hinged to the herringbone frame 5.
  • the upper frame 5a has a three-point support state; the herringbone frame 5 is composed of a bracket 5a and a lifting cylinder 5b hinged at one end, and a hinge point of the bracket 5a and the lift cylinder 5b.
  • the portion can also be fixed to the intermediate hinge 2c of the body 2 by means of the first pin 2g, a word
  • the other end of the lift cylinder 5a and 5b are respectively hinged at the front and the rear fuselage 2.
  • the utility model is characterized in that: the cylinder 4d of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the oblique support 4 is further provided with an overhanging connector 4e, and a telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the oblique support 4 is also hinged with a movable connecting seat 4g, a herringbone frame
  • the upper frame 5a of the 5 is further provided with a set of transition joints 5c and transition joints 5d, and the horizontally and longitudinally extendable rear legs 2d of the fuselage 2 are further provided with a set of fixed joints 2h, oblique supports 4
  • the telescopic cylinder 4c can be hinged to the transition joint B5d of the bracket 5a by means of the overhanging connector 4e and the pin 5e; the movable joint 4g on the telescopic rod 4f of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder 4c can be supported by the pin 4h
  • the coupling is fixed to the transition piece 5c
  • Embodiment 2 A method of installing and installing a pile frame.
  • the installation method of the above-mentioned pile frame has the following steps:
  • the chassis of the pile frame 1, the fuselage 2, the lower column 3a, the inclined support 4 and the herringbone frame 5 are integrally transported to the construction site in a non-disassembled state; at this time, the activity on the telescopic rod 4f of the obliquely supporting telescopic cylinder 4c is obliquely supported.
  • the connecting seat 4g is coupled to the transition connecting seat 5c on the inline frame 5a by means of the pin 4h; the sliding device 3d is coupled to the lower column 3a by means of the third pin 3g; see FIG.
  • the upper column 3b that has been transported to the construction site is lifted by the hanging device 3e of the lower column 3a, and the upper column 3b is lifted to the installation position by the movement of the chassis 1, and placed horizontally on the gantry 6; .
  • the lower column 3a is adjusted to a horizontal state by the extending operation of the lift cylinder 5b of the erect frame 5, and the lower column 3a is aligned with the upper column 3b by the movement of the chassis 1; and the sliding device 3d is The third pin 3g for fixing and fixing the lower column 3a is pulled out to release the fixing constraint; see FIG.
  • the pin connector 5e is used to hinge and fix the overhang connector 4e on the cylinder 4d of the telescopic cylinder 4c and the transition connector 5d on the inline frame 5a, and then the movable connecting seat 4g of the telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c is fixed.
  • the pin 4h fixedly coupled with the transitional connecting seat 5c on the inline frame 5a is pulled out and released between the two; see FIG.
  • the telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the diagonal support 4 projects outwardly together with the movable connecting seat 4g thereon until the movable connecting seat 4g on the telescopic rod 4f and the fixed connecting seat 2h on the telescopic rear leg 2d Positively, the movable connecting seat 4g on the telescopic cylinder telescopic rod 4f is coupled with the fixed connecting seat 2h on the telescopic rear leg 2d by using the pin 4h; see FIG.
  • the telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the inclined support 4 is contracted, and the column 3 is then rotated upward with the hinge point of the front bracket 2a as an axis to reach a vertical state of 90 degrees with the ground; the herringbone frame
  • the lifting cylinder 5b of the 5 is contracted to bring the herringbone 5 to the set position, and the herringbone frame 5 is fixed to the intermediate hinge 2c of the body 2 by means of the first pin 2g, and thus the pile frame is completed from the stand-up operation. ; See Figure 16, Figure 17.

Abstract

Provided is a pile frame, comprising a base plate (1), a machine body (2), an upright post (3), a diagonal strut (4) and an A-shaped bracket (5). The diagonal strut (4) is provided with a protruding connector (4e) and a movable connecting base (4g). The A-shaped bracket (5) is provided with a first transition connecting base (5c) and a second transition connecting base (5d). A retractable rear leg (2d) of the machine body (2) is provided with a fixed connecting base (2h). Further provided is a method of using and mounting the pile frame.

Description

一种桩架及其使用安装方法Pile frame and installation method thereof 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及一种桩架,特别是涉及一种无需借助本机以外的辅助设备即可自行立桅倒桅的桩架,本发明还涉及该桩架的使用安装方法。The present invention relates to a pile frame, and more particularly to a pile frame which can be erected by itself without the aid of auxiliary equipment other than the machine. The present invention also relates to a method of installing and installing the pile frame.
背景技术Background technique
桩架是建筑基础施工中必不可少的一种机械设备,各种打桩机、桩锤、钻孔机等机械装备,均要悬挂和安装在桩架上进行施工;当桩架以行走方式分类时,主要分为步履式桩架和履带式桩架两种;但不论何种桩架,其结构一般主要由底盘、机身、立柱、斜支撑和动力系统等组成;由于桩架的立柱和斜支撑较长,在长距离转场等场合,都需要倒桅后将立柱及斜支撑等拆卸解体后才能运输,到新的场地后需要再重新安装立柱及斜支撑并立桅后才能进入使用状态;因此,桩架的立柱及斜支撑的解体安装、立桅倒桅作业,是桩架使用过程中的一个重要环节。The pile frame is an indispensable mechanical equipment in the construction of the foundation of the building. All kinds of mechanical equipment such as pile driver, pile hammer and drilling machine are to be hung and installed on the pile frame for construction; when the pile frame is classified by walking mode At the time, it is mainly divided into two types: the walking type pile frame and the crawler type pile frame; however, regardless of the type of pile frame, the structure is generally mainly composed of a chassis, a fuselage, a column, an inclined support and a power system; The diagonal support is long. In the case of long-distance transitions, etc., it is necessary to disassemble and disassemble the column and the oblique support before transporting. After the new site, it is necessary to re-install the column and the oblique support and stand up before entering the state of use. Therefore, the disassembly and installation of the column and the diagonal support of the pile frame and the vertical collapse operation are an important part in the use of the pile frame.
目前这类被公知的桩架及倒桅立桅方法主要有以下几种:At present, the well-known pile frames and inverted squatting methods are mainly as follows:
第一种桩架,如机械工业出版社出版的《桩工机械》第五章发表的一种履带式桩架:该种桩架在转场时需要将立柱3’及斜支撑4’倒桅拆卸后分体运输,到新的场地后再重新安装立桅;其缺点是:倒桅立桅作业不仅需要起重机及卷扬机同时参加作业,而且辅助作业装置复杂、操作难度大、效率低、成本高;其优点是:桩架的斜支撑4’在机身2’上支点间的距离H、以及支点到立柱3’的距离L都很宽,而且支点铰接在与地面直接接触的后支腿2d’上,且高度位置Y低(见图1、图2),使整机的稳定性及作业安全性较好。The first type of pile frame, such as the crawler type pile frame published in the fifth chapter of "Pile Work Machinery" published by Machinery Industry Press: the pile frame needs to collapse the column 3' and the oblique support 4' during the transition. After disassembly, the vehicle is transported separately, and the new site is reinstalled. The disadvantage is that the crane does not only need the crane and the hoist to participate in the operation at the same time, but also the auxiliary operation device is complicated, the operation is difficult, the efficiency is low, and the cost is high. The advantages are: the distance H between the fulcrum of the pile frame 4' on the fuselage 2' and the distance L from the fulcrum to the column 3' are wide, and the fulcrum is hinged to the rear leg 2d which is in direct contact with the ground. 'Up, and the height position Y is low (see Figure 1, Figure 2), which makes the stability and safety of the whole machine better.
第二种桩架,如专利201510021701.8公开的一种桩架的技术方案:桩架主要包括:有履带行走装置的底盘1’、机身2’、立柱3’、设有伸缩油缸的斜支撑4’、一字架5a’、举升油缸5b’;斜支撑4’的一端铰接于立柱3’上、一字架5a’和举升油缸5b’的一端分别铰接于机身2’上;斜支撑4’、一字架5a’和举升油缸5b’三者的另一端铰接于一处,利用油缸的伸缩动作进行立桅和倒桅;其优点是:无需借助起重机及卷扬机等辅助设备参加作业、无需复杂的辅助作业装置即可进行立桅倒桅,操作简单、节省人力、物力和时间;但其缺点是:斜支撑4’在机身2’上支点间的距离Ha、以及支点到立柱3’的距离La都比上述第一种桩架的相应距离H及L要小,而支点的高度位置Ya又都比第一种桩架的高度位置Y要高、且远离地面的支撑(见图1、图2、图3、图4),使整机的稳定性明显低于第一种桩架。A second pile frame, such as the technical solution of a pile frame disclosed in the patent 201510021701.8: the pile frame mainly comprises: a chassis 1' with a crawler walking device, a fuselage 2', a column 3', and an inclined support with a telescopic cylinder 4 ', a letter frame 5a', a lifting cylinder 5b'; one end of the oblique support 4' is hinged to the column 3', one end of the bracket 5a' and the lifting cylinder 5b' are respectively hinged to the fuselage 2'; The other end of the support 4', the inline frame 5a' and the lifting cylinder 5b' are hinged at one place, and the expansion and collapse of the cylinder are performed by the telescopic movement; the advantage is that the auxiliary equipment such as a crane and a winch is not required to participate. The operation can be carried out without complicated auxiliary working devices, and the operation is simple, saving manpower, material resources and time; but the disadvantages are: the distance Ha of the oblique support 4' between the fulcrums on the fuselage 2', and the fulcrum to The distance La of the column 3' is smaller than the corresponding distances H and L of the first type of pile frame, and the height position Ya of the fulcrum is higher than the height position Y of the first type pile frame, and the support away from the ground ( See Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4) to make the stability of the whole machine clear Significantly lower than the first type of pile frame.
发明内容 Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种桩架及其使用安装方法,可实现大型桩架简单便捷地自行立桅倒桅、立柱与斜支撑无需解体即可整体运输,同时确保桩架立柱支撑结构合理,从而降低使用成本、提升工作效率、提高整机稳定性和安全可靠性。The object of the present invention is to provide a pile frame and a method for using the same, which can realize the simple and convenient self-standing vertical collapse of the large pile frame, the vertical column and the oblique support can be transported integrally without disassembly, and at the same time ensure the reasonable support structure of the pile post. Thereby reducing the use cost, improving work efficiency, improving the stability and safety of the whole machine.
本发明的目的是由下述技术方案实现的:The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
一种桩架包括:可移动的底盘、机身、立柱、斜支撑和人字架。A pile frame includes: a movable chassis, a fuselage, a column, a diagonal support, and a herringbone frame.
所述可移动底盘的移动方式可以是步履式的也可以是履带式的;所述机身上设置有前支架、前支腿、中间铰座、可伸缩的后支腿、操作室和动力系统;所述立柱由下部立柱和上部立柱构成,立柱上设置有导轨和滑动装置,下部立柱还设置有吊物装置,立柱的下端与机身上的前支架铰接;所述滑动装置在立柱的导轨上可自由滑动,并能分别借助销轴铰接及固定在立柱上;所述斜支撑由支撑杆和分别联接在支撑两端的伸缩装置及伸缩油缸构成,斜支撑的一端铰接在立柱的滑动装置上,另一端铰接在人字架的一字架上,使立柱呈三点支撑状态;所述人字架由一端铰接在一起的一字架和举升油缸构成,一字架和举升油缸的铰接点部位还可以借助销轴固定在机身的中间铰座上,一字架和举升油的另一端分别铰接在机身的前部和后部。The movable chassis can be moved in a walking manner or a crawler type; the front body is provided with a front bracket, a front leg, an intermediate hinge seat, a retractable rear leg, an operation room and a power system. The column is composed of a lower column and an upper column, the column is provided with a guide rail and a sliding device, and the lower column is further provided with a lifting device, the lower end of the column is hinged with the front bracket on the fuselage; the sliding device is on the guide rail of the column The upper portion is freely slidable and can be hinged and fixed to the column by means of a pin shaft respectively; the oblique support is composed of a support rod and a telescopic device and a telescopic cylinder respectively coupled to the two ends of the support, and one end of the oblique support is hinged on the sliding device of the column The other end is hinged on the frame of the herringbone frame, so that the column is in a three-point support state; the herringbone frame is composed of a frame and a lifting cylinder hinged at one end, a frame and a lifting cylinder. The hinge point portion can also be fixed to the intermediate hinge seat of the fuselage by means of a pin shaft, and the other ends of the inline frame and the lift oil are respectively hinged at the front and the rear of the fuselage.
其特征在于:斜支撑的伸缩油缸的缸筒上还设有一个外伸连接器,斜支撑的伸缩油缸的伸缩杆上还铰接有一个活动连接座,人字架的一字架上还设有一组过渡连接座甲和过渡连接座乙,机身的可横向及纵向伸缩的后支腿上还设有一组固定连接座,斜支撑的伸缩油缸借助外伸连接器和销轴可以铰接在一字架的过渡连接座乙上;斜支撑的伸缩油缸的伸缩杆上的活动连接座借助销轴可以联接固定在一字架的过渡连接座甲上、也可以联接固定在机身的可横向及纵向伸缩的后支腿的固定连接座上。The utility model is characterized in that: an expansion connector is arranged on the cylinder of the telescopic cylinder of the oblique support, and a movable connection seat is also hinged on the telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder, and a bracket of the herringbone frame is further provided with a movable bracket. The group of transition joints and transition joints B, the horizontally and longitudinally extendable rear legs of the fuselage are also provided with a set of fixed joints, and the telescopic cylinders of the oblique supports can be hinged in one word by means of the extension connectors and the pins. The transition joint of the frame is connected to the bottom; the movable joint on the telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder can be coupled to the transition joint of the bracket by means of the pin, or can be coupled to the horizontal and vertical of the fuselage. The fixed connecting seat of the telescopic rear leg.
上述桩架使用安装方法具有以下步骤:The above-mentioned pile frame installation method has the following steps:
1、桩架的底盘、机身、下部立柱、斜支撑和人字架在非解体状态下整体运输到施工场地;此时,斜支撑伸缩油缸的伸缩杆上的活动连接座借助销轴与一字架上的过渡连接座甲联接固定;滑动装置借助销轴与下部立柱联接固定。1. The chassis, fuselage, lower column, diagonal support and herringbone frame of the pile frame are transported to the construction site in a non-disassembled state; at this time, the movable connecting seat on the telescopic rod of the obliquely supporting telescopic cylinder is supported by a pin and a The transition joint on the bracket is fixedly coupled; the sliding device is coupled to the lower pillar by means of a pin.
2、使用下部立柱的吊物装置将已运到施工场地的上部立柱吊起,借助底盘的移动将上部立柱吊运到安装位置、水平放置在台架上。2. Lift the upper column that has been transported to the construction site using the hanging device of the lower column. The upper column is lifted to the installation position by the movement of the chassis and placed horizontally on the gantry.
3、利用人字架的举升油缸的伸出动作,将下部立柱调整至水平状态,并利用底盘的移动将下部立柱与上部立柱对正连接;并将滑动装置与下部立柱联接固定用的销轴拔出解除固定约束。3. Using the extension movement of the lifting cylinder of the herringbone frame, adjusting the lower column to the horizontal state, and using the movement of the chassis to align the lower column with the upper column; and connecting the sliding device to the lower column for fixing the pin The shaft is pulled out to release the fixed constraint.
4、将机身上的前支腿支撑到地面,将后支腿横向伸出到设定位置、并纵向伸出支撑到地面;斜支撑的伸缩装置及伸缩油缸的伸缩杆向外伸出,立柱上的滑动装置随之沿导轨滑动至设定位置,用销轴将滑动装置与立柱铰接固定。4. Supporting the front leg on the fuselage to the ground, extending the rear leg laterally to the set position, and extending longitudinally to the ground; the telescopic support of the oblique support and the telescopic rod of the telescopic cylinder protrude outward. The sliding device on the column then slides along the guide rail to the set position, and the sliding device is hingedly fixed to the column by the pin shaft.
5、斜支撑的伸缩油缸的伸缩杆收缩、立柱随之以与前支架的铰接点为轴心旋转向上起升。 5. The telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder is contracted, and the column is then hoisted upward by the hinge point of the front bracket.
6、其特征在于,还具有以下步骤:6. It is characterized in that it also has the following steps:
①、当斜支撑的伸缩油缸的伸缩杆收缩到设定位置时,立柱向上起升到设定角度β,斜支撑的伸缩油缸的缸筒上的外伸连接器与一字架上的过渡连接座乙也已对正并处于衔接状态。1. When the telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder is contracted to the set position, the column is lifted up to the set angle β, and the overhanging connector on the cylinder of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder is connected with the transition on the bracket Block B has also been aligned and in a connected state.
②、使用销轴将伸缩油缸的缸筒上的外伸连接器与一字架上的过渡连接座乙铰接固定,之后将伸缩油缸的伸缩杆的活动连接座与一字架上过渡连接座甲联接固定的销轴拔出、解除两者间的约束。2. Use the pin shaft to hinge the extension connector on the cylinder of the telescopic cylinder to the transition joint B on the bracket, and then connect the movable joint of the telescopic rod of the telescopic cylinder to the transitional bracket on the bracket. The pin that is fixed by the joint is pulled out and the constraint between the two is released.
③、斜支撑的伸缩油缸的伸缩杆与其上的活动连接座一起向外伸出,直至伸缩杆上的活动连接座与可伸缩后支腿上的固定连接座对正、使用销轴将伸缩油缸伸缩杆上的活动连接座与可伸缩后支腿上的固定连接座联接固定。3. The telescopic rod of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder projects outwardly with the movable connecting seat thereon until the movable connecting seat on the telescopic rod is aligned with the fixed connecting seat on the retractable rear leg, and the telescopic cylinder is used by using the pin shaft. The movable connecting seat on the telescopic rod is coupled with the fixed connecting seat on the telescopic rear leg.
④、将伸缩油缸的缸筒上的外伸连接器与一字架上的过渡连接座乙联接固定的销轴拔出解除两者的约束。4. Pull out the extension of the overhanging connector on the cylinder of the telescopic cylinder and the connecting joint of the transitional joint on the inline frame to remove the constraint.
⑤、斜支撑的伸缩油缸的伸缩杆收缩、立柱随之以与前支架的铰接点为轴心旋转继续向上起升、直至达到与地面成90度的垂直状态;人字架的举升油缸收缩,使人字架至设定位置,并借助销轴将人字架固定在机身的中间铰座上,至此,桩架自立桅作业完成。5. The telescopic rod of the telescopic cylinder of the oblique support contracts, and the column then rotates with the hinge point of the front bracket as the axis to continue to rise upward until it reaches a vertical state of 90 degrees with the ground; the lifting cylinder of the herringbone shrinks. The holder is fixed to the set position, and the herringbone frame is fixed on the middle hinge seat of the fuselage by means of the pin shaft. At this point, the pile frame is completed from the stand-up operation.
7、桩架的倒桅作业按以上步骤的相反顺序进行。7. The stacking operation of the pile frame is carried out in the reverse order of the above steps.
本发明的桩架有如下积极效果及优点:The pile frame of the invention has the following positive effects and advantages:
1、按照本发明,大型桩架实现了操作简单便捷、使用安全可靠的自行立桅及倒桅,可大幅提升工作效率;1. According to the invention, the large-sized pile frame realizes the self-supporting and squatting operation, which is simple and convenient to operate, safe and reliable to use, and can greatly improve work efficiency;
2、按照本发明,大型桩架的立桅及倒桅无需采用卷扬机和起重机等辅助机器及装置参与作业,可大幅降低人员及设备的使用成本;2. According to the present invention, the standing and dumping of the large pile frame does not require the use of auxiliary machines and devices such as a hoist and a crane to participate in the operation, which can greatly reduce the use cost of personnel and equipment;
3、按照本发明,大型桩架转场运输时,立柱与斜支撑无需解体即可整体运输,即可降低人员和设备使用成本、又可提高工作效率;3. According to the invention, when the large pile frame is transferred and transported, the column and the oblique support can be transported as a whole without disassembly, thereby reducing the use cost of personnel and equipment and improving work efficiency;
4、按照本发明,在实现桩架整体运输和自行立桅及倒桅的前提下,桩架的斜支撑伸缩油缸伸缩杆上的活动连接座可铰接在与地面直接接触的后支腿上,使桩架的斜支撑在机身上支点间的横向距离Hc以及支点到立柱的纵向距离Lc足够宽大,而且支点高度位置Yc低(见图5、图6),从而提高了整机稳定性和安全可靠性。4. According to the present invention, under the premise of realizing the overall transportation of the pile frame and self-standing and squatting, the movable connecting seat on the telescopic rod of the inclined support telescopic cylinder of the pile frame can be hinged on the rear leg directly contacting the ground. The lateral distance Hc between the fulcrums of the pile frame and the longitudinal distance Lc of the fulcrum to the column are sufficiently wide, and the fulcrum height position Yc is low (see Figs. 5 and 6), thereby improving the stability of the whole machine and Safety and reliability.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是现有技术的第一种桩架的主视图。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a front elevational view of a first type of pile frame of the prior art.
图2是图1所示第一种桩架的A向视图。 Figure 2 is an A-direction view of the first type of pile frame shown in Figure 1.
图3是现有技术的第二种桩架的主视图。Figure 3 is a front elevational view of a prior art second pile frame.
图4是图3所示第二种桩架的B向视图。Figure 4 is a B-direction view of the second pile frame shown in Figure 3.
图5是本发明的实施例1,桩架的主视图。Fig. 5 is a front elevational view showing the pile frame of the first embodiment of the present invention.
图6是图5所示桩架的C向视图。Figure 6 is a C-direction view of the pile frame shown in Figure 5.
图7是本发明在运输状态的结构示意图。Figure 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of the present invention in a transport state.
图8是本发明在组装状态时上部立柱吊装的状态图。Fig. 8 is a view showing a state in which the upper column is hoisted in the assembled state of the present invention.
图9是本发明在组装状态时上部立柱与下部立柱连接的状态图。Fig. 9 is a view showing a state in which the upper column and the lower column are connected in the assembled state of the present invention.
图10是本发明在组装状态时滑动装置滑动的状态图。Fig. 10 is a view showing a state in which the slide device slides in the assembled state of the present invention.
图11是本发明在组装状态时立杆与地面的夹角为β时且活动连接座未与固定连接座连接的状态图。Fig. 11 is a view showing a state in which the angle between the pole and the floor is β when the assembled state is in the assembled state, and the movable joint is not connected to the fixed joint.
图12是图11D向的放大图。Figure 12 is an enlarged view of the direction of Figure 11D.
图13是在第四插销拔出后图11D向的放大图。Fig. 13 is an enlarged view of the direction of Fig. 11D after the fourth pin is pulled out.
图14是本发明在组装状态时立杆与地面的夹角为β时的状态图且活动连接座与固定连接座连接的状态图。Fig. 14 is a view showing a state in which the angle between the upright and the ground in the assembled state is β, and the movable joint is connected to the fixed joint.
图15是图14E向的放大图。Figure 15 is an enlarged view of the direction of Figure 14E.
图16是本发明由组装状态向工作状态运动的状态图。Figure 16 is a view showing a state in which the present invention moves from an assembled state to an operating state.
图17是是本发明工作状态的结构示意图。Figure 17 is a schematic view showing the structure of the working state of the present invention.
其中,上述附图包括以下附图标记:Wherein, the above figures include the following reference numerals:
1’、底盘;2’、机身;2d’、后支腿;3’、立柱;4’、斜支撑;5a’、一字架;5b’、举升油缸;1、底盘;2、机身;2a、前支架;2b、前支腿;2c、中间铰座;2d、后支腿;2e、操作室;2f、动力系统;2h、固定连接座;3、立柱;3a、下部立柱;3b、上部立柱;3c、导轨;3d、滑动装置;3e、吊物装置;3f、第二销轴;3g、第三销轴;4、斜支撑;4a、支撑杆;4b、伸缩装置;4c、伸缩油缸;4d、缸筒;4e、外伸连接器;4f、伸缩杆;4g、活动连接座;5、人字架;5a、一字架;5b、举升油缸;5c、过渡连接座甲;5d、过渡连接座乙;5e、销轴。1', chassis; 2', fuselage; 2d', rear legs; 3', column; 4', oblique support; 5a', a frame; 5b', lift cylinder; 1, chassis; 2a, front bracket; 2b, front leg; 2c, intermediate hinge; 2d, rear leg; 2e, operation room; 2f, power system; 2h, fixed connection; 3, column; 3a, lower column; 3b, upper column; 3c, guide rail; 3d, sliding device; 3e, lifting device; 3f, second pin; 3g, third pin; 4, oblique support; 4a, support rod; 4b, telescopic device; 4c , telescopic cylinder; 4d, cylinder; 4e, overhang connector; 4f, telescopic rod; 4g, movable joint; 5, herringbone; 5a, a frame; 5b, lift cylinder; 5c, transition joint A; 5d, transition joint B; 5e, pin.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面结合附图及实施例,对本发明作进一步说明。The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
实施例1:一种桩架Embodiment 1: A pile frame
参见图5、图6、图11、图12、图13、图14、图15。 See Figure 5, Figure 6, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13, Figure 14, and Figure 15.
一种桩架包括:可移动的底盘1、机身2、立柱3、斜支撑4和人字架5。A pile frame includes a movable chassis 1, a fuselage 2, a column 3, a diagonal support 4, and a herringbone frame 5.
所述可移动底盘1的移动方式可以是步履式的也可以是履带式的;所述机身2上设置有前支架2a、前支腿2b、中间铰座2c、可伸缩的后支腿2d、操作室2e和动力系统2f;所述立柱3由下部立柱3a和上部立柱3b构成,立柱3上设置有导轨3c和滑动装置3d,下部立柱3a还设置有吊物装置3e,立柱3的下端与机身2上的前支架2a铰接;所述滑动装置3d在立柱3的导轨3c上可自由滑动,并能分别借助第二销轴3f、第三销轴3g铰接及固定在立柱3上;所述斜支撑4由支撑杆4a和分别联接在支撑杆4a两端的伸缩装置4b及伸缩油缸4c构成,斜支撑的一端铰接在立柱3的滑动装置3d上,另一端铰接在人字架5的一字架5a上,使立柱3呈三点支撑状态;所述人字架5由一端铰接在一起的一字架5a和举升油缸5b构成,一字架5a和举升油缸5b的铰接点部位还可以借助第一销轴2g固定在机身2的中间铰座2c上,一字架5a和举升油缸5b的另一端分别铰接在机身2的前部和后部。The movable chassis 1 can be moved in a walking manner or a crawler type; the body 2 is provided with a front bracket 2a, a front leg 2b, an intermediate hinge 2c, and a retractable rear leg 2d. The operation chamber 2e and the power system 2f; the column 3 is composed of a lower column 3a and an upper column 3b. The column 3 is provided with a guide rail 3c and a sliding device 3d. The lower column 3a is further provided with a lifting device 3e, and the lower end of the column 3 The front bracket 2a of the fuselage 2 is hinged; the sliding device 3d is slidable on the rail 3c of the pillar 3, and can be hinged and fixed to the pillar 3 by the second pin 3f and the third pin 3g, respectively; The inclined support 4 is composed of a support rod 4a and a telescopic device 4b and a telescopic cylinder 4c respectively coupled to the two ends of the support rod 4a. One end of the oblique support is hinged on the sliding device 3d of the column 3, and the other end is hinged to the herringbone frame 5. The upper frame 5a has a three-point support state; the herringbone frame 5 is composed of a bracket 5a and a lifting cylinder 5b hinged at one end, and a hinge point of the bracket 5a and the lift cylinder 5b. The portion can also be fixed to the intermediate hinge 2c of the body 2 by means of the first pin 2g, a word The other end of the lift cylinder 5a and 5b are respectively hinged at the front and the rear fuselage 2.
其特征在于:斜支撑4的伸缩油缸4c的缸筒4d上还设有一个外伸连接器4e,斜支撑4的伸缩油缸4c的伸缩杆4f上还铰接有一个活动连接座4g,人字架5的一字架5a上还设有一组过渡连接座甲5c和过渡连接座乙5d,机身2的可横向及纵向伸缩的后支腿2d上还设有一组固定连接座2h,斜支撑4的伸缩油缸4c借助外伸连接器4e和销轴5e可以铰接在一字架5a的过渡连接座乙5d上;斜支撑的伸缩油缸4c的伸缩杆4f上的活动连接座4g借助销轴4h可以联接固定在一字架5a的过渡连接座甲5c上、也可以联接固定在机身2的可横向及纵向伸缩的后支腿2d的固定连接座2h上。The utility model is characterized in that: the cylinder 4d of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the oblique support 4 is further provided with an overhanging connector 4e, and a telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the oblique support 4 is also hinged with a movable connecting seat 4g, a herringbone frame The upper frame 5a of the 5 is further provided with a set of transition joints 5c and transition joints 5d, and the horizontally and longitudinally extendable rear legs 2d of the fuselage 2 are further provided with a set of fixed joints 2h, oblique supports 4 The telescopic cylinder 4c can be hinged to the transition joint B5d of the bracket 5a by means of the overhanging connector 4e and the pin 5e; the movable joint 4g on the telescopic rod 4f of the obliquely supported telescopic cylinder 4c can be supported by the pin 4h The coupling is fixed to the transition piece 5c of the bracket 5a, and may also be coupled to the fixed joint 2h of the rear leg 2d of the body 2 which is laterally and longitudinally expandable.
实施例2:一种桩架的使用安装方法。Embodiment 2: A method of installing and installing a pile frame.
参见图7、图8、图9、图10、图11、图12、图13、图14、图15、图16、图17。7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , and 17 .
上述桩架的使用安装方法具有以下步骤:The installation method of the above-mentioned pile frame has the following steps:
1、桩架的底盘1、机身2、下部立柱3a、斜支撑4和人字架5在非解体状态下整体运输到施工场地;此时,斜支撑伸缩油缸4c的伸缩杆4f上的活动连接座4g借助销轴4h与一字架5a上的过渡连接座甲5c联接固定;滑动装置3d借助第三销轴3g与下部立柱3a联接固定;见图7。1. The chassis of the pile frame 1, the fuselage 2, the lower column 3a, the inclined support 4 and the herringbone frame 5 are integrally transported to the construction site in a non-disassembled state; at this time, the activity on the telescopic rod 4f of the obliquely supporting telescopic cylinder 4c is obliquely supported. The connecting seat 4g is coupled to the transition connecting seat 5c on the inline frame 5a by means of the pin 4h; the sliding device 3d is coupled to the lower column 3a by means of the third pin 3g; see FIG.
2、使用下部立柱3a的吊物装置3e将已运到施工场地的上部立柱3b吊起,借助底盘1的移动将上部立柱3b吊运到安装位置、水平放置在台架6上;见图8。2. The upper column 3b that has been transported to the construction site is lifted by the hanging device 3e of the lower column 3a, and the upper column 3b is lifted to the installation position by the movement of the chassis 1, and placed horizontally on the gantry 6; .
3、利用人字架5的举升油缸5b的伸出动作,将下部立柱3a调整至水平状态,并利用底盘1的移动将下部立柱3a与上部立柱3b对正连接;并将滑动装置3d与下部立柱3a联接固定用的第三销轴3g拔出解除固定约束;见图9。3. The lower column 3a is adjusted to a horizontal state by the extending operation of the lift cylinder 5b of the erect frame 5, and the lower column 3a is aligned with the upper column 3b by the movement of the chassis 1; and the sliding device 3d is The third pin 3g for fixing and fixing the lower column 3a is pulled out to release the fixing constraint; see FIG.
4、将机身2上的前支腿2b支撑到地面,将后支腿2d横向伸出到设定位置、并纵向伸出支撑到地面;斜支撑4的伸缩装置4b及伸缩油缸4c的伸缩杆4f向外伸出,立柱3上的滑动装置3d随之沿导轨3c滑动至设定位置,用第二销轴3f将滑动装置3d与立柱3铰接固定;见图10。 4. Supporting the front leg 2b on the fuselage 2 to the ground, extending the rear leg 2d laterally to the set position, and extending longitudinally to the ground; the telescopic device 4b of the diagonal support 4 and the telescopic expansion and contraction of the telescopic cylinder 4c The rod 4f projects outward, and the sliding device 3d on the column 3 is slid along the guide rail 3c to the set position, and the sliding device 3d is hingedly fixed to the column 3 by the second pin shaft 3f;
5、斜支撑4的伸缩油缸4c的伸缩杆4f收缩、立柱3随之以与前支架2a的铰接点为轴心旋转向上起升;见图11。5. The telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the inclined support 4 is contracted, and the upright 3 is then lifted upward with the hinge point of the front bracket 2a as an axis; FIG.
6、其特征在于,还具有以下步骤:6. It is characterized in that it also has the following steps:
①、当斜支撑4的伸缩油缸4c的伸缩杆4f收缩到设定位置时,立柱3向上起升到设定角度β,斜支撑4的伸缩油缸4c的缸筒4d上的外伸连接器4e与一字架5a上的过渡连接座乙5d也已对正并处于衔接状态;见图11、图12。1. When the telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the inclined support 4 is contracted to the set position, the upright 3 is lifted up to the set angle β, and the overhang connector 4e on the cylinder 4d of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the oblique support 4 The transition joint B 5d on the upper frame 5a is also aligned and in an engaged state; see Figs. 11 and 12.
②、使用销轴5e将伸缩油缸4c的缸筒4d上的外伸连接器4e与一字架5a上的过渡连接座乙5d铰接固定,之后将伸缩油缸4c的伸缩杆4f的活动连接座4g与一字架5a上过渡连接座甲5c联接固定的销轴4h拔出、解除两者间的约束;见图13。2. The pin connector 5e is used to hinge and fix the overhang connector 4e on the cylinder 4d of the telescopic cylinder 4c and the transition connector 5d on the inline frame 5a, and then the movable connecting seat 4g of the telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c is fixed. The pin 4h fixedly coupled with the transitional connecting seat 5c on the inline frame 5a is pulled out and released between the two; see FIG.
③、斜支撑4的伸缩油缸4c的伸缩杆4f与其上的活动连接座4g一起向外伸出,直至伸缩杆4f上的活动连接座4g与可伸缩后支腿2d上的固定连接座2h对正、使用销轴4h将伸缩油缸伸缩杆4f上的活动连接座4g与可伸缩后支腿2d上的固定连接座2h联接固定;见图14。3. The telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the diagonal support 4 projects outwardly together with the movable connecting seat 4g thereon until the movable connecting seat 4g on the telescopic rod 4f and the fixed connecting seat 2h on the telescopic rear leg 2d Positively, the movable connecting seat 4g on the telescopic cylinder telescopic rod 4f is coupled with the fixed connecting seat 2h on the telescopic rear leg 2d by using the pin 4h; see FIG.
④、将伸缩油缸4c的缸筒4d上的外伸连接器4e与一字架5a上的过渡连接座乙5d联接固定的销轴5e拔出解除两者的约束;见图15。4. Pulling out the extension connector 4e on the cylinder 4d of the telescopic cylinder 4c and the pin 5e fixedly connected to the transition joint B5 on the inline frame 5a to remove the constraint of both; see FIG.
⑤、斜支撑4的伸缩油缸4c的伸缩杆4f收缩、立柱3随之以与前支架2a的铰接点为轴心旋转继续向上起升、直至达到与地面成90度的垂直状态;人字架5的举升油缸5b收缩,使人字架5至设定位置,并借助第一销轴2g将人字架5固定在机身2的中间铰座2c上,至此,桩架自立桅作业完成;见图16、图17。5. The telescopic rod 4f of the telescopic cylinder 4c of the inclined support 4 is contracted, and the column 3 is then rotated upward with the hinge point of the front bracket 2a as an axis to reach a vertical state of 90 degrees with the ground; the herringbone frame The lifting cylinder 5b of the 5 is contracted to bring the herringbone 5 to the set position, and the herringbone frame 5 is fixed to the intermediate hinge 2c of the body 2 by means of the first pin 2g, and thus the pile frame is completed from the stand-up operation. ; See Figure 16, Figure 17.
7、桩架的倒桅作业按以上步骤的相反顺序进行。7. The stacking operation of the pile frame is carried out in the reverse order of the above steps.
结合上述实施例,对本发明进行了说明,但通过对上述桩架的部件结构和组合方式作一些适当的改变,对使用安装方法及其步骤的细节作一些适当的调整,就可以在本发明的范围内,派生出各种不同的桩架及其相应的使用安装方法。 The present invention has been described in connection with the above embodiments, but by making some appropriate changes to the component structure and combination of the above-mentioned pile frames, some appropriate adjustments can be made to the details of the mounting method and the steps thereof, and the present invention can be Within the scope, a variety of different pile frames and their corresponding installation methods are derived.

Claims (3)

  1. 一种桩架,包括可移动的底盘(1)、机身(2)、立柱(3)、斜支撑(4)和人字架(5);所述可移动底盘(1)的移动方式可以是步履式的也可以是履带式的;所述机身(2)上设置有前支架(2a)、前支腿(2b)、中间铰座(2c)、可横向及纵向伸缩的后支腿(2d)、操作室(2e)和动力系统(2f);所述立柱(3)由下部立柱(3a)和上部立柱(3b)构成,立柱(3)上设置有导轨(3c)和滑动装置(3d),下部立柱(3a)还设置有吊物装置(3e),立柱(3)的下端与机身(2)上的前支架(2a)铰接;所述滑动装置(3d)在立柱(3)的导轨(3c)上可自由滑动,并能分别借助第二销轴(3f)、第三销轴(3g)铰接及固定在立柱(3)上;所述斜支撑(4)由支撑杆(4a)和分别联接在支撑杆(4a)两端的伸缩装置(4b)及伸缩油缸(4c)构成,斜支撑的一端铰接在立柱(3)的滑动装置(3d)上,另一端铰接在人字架(5)的一字架(5a)上,使立柱(3)呈三点支撑状态;所述人字架(5)由一端铰接在一起的一字架(5a)和举升油缸(5b)构成,一字架(5a)和举升油缸(5b)的铰接点部位还可以借助第一销轴(2g)固定在机身(2)的中间铰座(2c)上,一字架(5a)和举升油缸(5b)的另一端分别铰接在机身(2)的前部和后部,A pile frame comprising a movable chassis (1), a fuselage (2), a column (3), a diagonal support (4) and a herringbone frame (5); the movable chassis (1) can be moved It is a walking type or a crawler type; the body (2) is provided with a front bracket (2a), a front leg (2b), an intermediate hinge seat (2c), and a rear leg that can be laterally and longitudinally extended and retracted. (2d), an operation room (2e) and a power system (2f); the column (3) is composed of a lower column (3a) and an upper column (3b), and the column (3) is provided with a guide rail (3c) and a sliding device (3d), the lower column (3a) is further provided with a hanging device (3e), the lower end of the column (3) is hinged with the front bracket (2a) on the body (2); the sliding device (3d) is at the column ( 3) The guide rail (3c) is freely slidable and can be hinged and fixed to the column (3) by means of the second pin (3f) and the third pin (3g) respectively; the oblique support (4) is supported by The rod (4a) and the telescopic device (4b) and the telescopic cylinder (4c) respectively coupled to the two ends of the support rod (4a), one end of the oblique support is hinged on the sliding device (3d) of the column (3), and the other end is hinged at On the frame (5a) of the herringbone frame (5), the column (3) is in a three-point support state; the herringbone frame (5) ) consisting of a bracket (5a) hinged at one end and a lifting cylinder (5b), and the hinge point of the bracket (5a) and the lifting cylinder (5b) can also be fixed by means of the first pin (2g) On the intermediate hinge (2c) of the body (2), the other ends of the bracket (5a) and the lift cylinder (5b) are respectively hinged at the front and the rear of the body (2).
    其特征在于:所述斜支撑(4)的伸缩油缸(4c)的缸筒(4d)上还设有一个外伸连接器(4e),斜支撑(4)的伸缩油缸(4c)的伸缩杆(4f)上还铰接有一个活动连接座(4g);所述人字架(5)的一字架(5a)上还设有一组过渡连接座甲(5c)和过渡连接座乙(5d);所述机身(2)的可横向及纵向伸缩的后支腿(2d)上还设有一组固定连接座(2h)。The utility model is characterized in that: the cylinder (4d) of the telescopic cylinder (4c) of the oblique support (4) is further provided with an overhanging connector (4e) and a telescopic rod of the telescopic cylinder (4c) of the oblique support (4). (4f) is also hinged with a movable connecting seat (4g); the strut (5a) of the herringbone frame (5) is further provided with a set of transition joints (5c) and transition joints (5d). A set of fixed connecting seats (2h) is further disposed on the laterally and longitudinally extendable rear legs (2d) of the body (2).
  2. 权利要求1所述的桩架,其特征在于:所述斜支撑(4)的伸缩油缸(4c)借助外伸连接器(4e)和销轴(5e)可以铰接在一字架(5a)的过渡连接座乙(5d)上;所述斜支撑(4)的伸缩油缸(4c)的伸缩杆(4f)上的活动连接座(4g)借助销轴(4h)可以联接固定在一字架(5a)的过渡连接座甲(5c)上、也可以联接固定在机身(2)的可横向及纵向伸缩的后支腿(2d)的固定连接座(2h)上。The pile frame according to claim 1, characterized in that the telescopic cylinder (4c) of the oblique support (4) can be hinged to a frame (5a) by means of an overhanging connector (4e) and a pin (5e). The transition joint B (5d); the movable joint (4g) on the telescopic rod (4f) of the telescopic cylinder (4c) of the inclined support (4) can be coupled and fixed in a frame by means of a pin (4h) ( The transition joint armor (5c) of 5a) may also be coupled to a fixed joint (2h) of the rear leg (2d) of the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction of the fuselage (2).
  3. 一种桩架的使用安装方法,根据权利要求1至3之一所述桩架,包括如下步骤:A method of installing and installing a pile frame, according to any one of claims 1 to 3, comprising the steps of:
    a、桩架的底盘(1)、机身(2)、下部立柱(3a)、斜支撑(4)和人字架(5)在非解体状态下整体运输到施工场地;斜支撑伸缩油缸(4c)的伸缩杆(4f)上的活动连接座(4g)借助第四销轴(4h)与一字架(5a)上的过渡连接座甲(5c)联接固定;滑动装置(3d)借助第三销轴(3g)与下部立柱(3a)联接固定;a. The chassis (1), the fuselage (2), the lower column (3a), the inclined support (4) and the herringbone frame (5) of the pile frame are transported integrally to the construction site in a non-disassembled state; the inclined support telescopic cylinder ( 4c) The movable connecting seat (4g) on the telescopic rod (4f) is fixedly coupled with the transition connecting seat arm (5c) on the inline bracket (5a) by means of the fourth pin shaft (4h); the sliding device (3d) The three pin (3g) is fixedly coupled with the lower column (3a);
    b、使用下部立柱(3a)的吊物装置(3e)将已运到施工场地的上部立柱(3b)吊起,借助底盘(1)的移动将上部立柱(3b)吊运到安装位置,水平放置在台架(6)上;b. Lift the upper column (3b) that has been transported to the construction site using the lifting device (3e) of the lower column (3a), and lift the upper column (3b) to the installation position by the movement of the chassis (1). Placed on the gantry (6);
    c、利用人字架(5)的举升油缸(5b)的伸出动作,将下部立柱(3a)调整至水平状态,并利用底盘(1)的移动将下部立柱(3a)与上部立柱(3b)对正连接;并将滑动装置(3d)与下部立柱(3a)联接固定用的第三销轴(3g)拔出解除固定约束;c. Using the lifting action of the lifting cylinder (5b) of the herringbone frame (5), the lower column (3a) is adjusted to a horizontal state, and the lower column (3a) and the upper column are moved by the movement of the chassis (1) ( 3b) aligning the connection; and the third pin (3g) for fastening the sliding device (3d) and the lower column (3a) is pulled out to release the fixing constraint;
    d、将机身(2)上的前支腿(2b)支撑到地面,将后支腿(2d)横向伸出到设定位置、并纵向伸出支撑到地面;斜支撑(4)的伸缩装置(4b)及伸缩油缸(4c)的伸缩杆(4f)向外伸出,立柱(3)上的滑动装置(3d)随之沿导轨(3c)滑动至设定位置,用第二销轴(3f)将滑动装置(3d)与立柱(3)铰接固定; d. Support the front leg (2b) on the fuselage (2) to the ground, extend the rear leg (2d) laterally to the set position, and extend longitudinally to the ground; the telescopic support (4) The telescopic rod (4f) of the device (4b) and the telescopic cylinder (4c) protrudes outward, and the sliding device (3d) on the column (3) slides along the guide rail (3c) to the set position, and the second pin shaft is used. (3f) hingedly fixing the sliding device (3d) to the column (3);
    e、斜支撑(4)的伸缩油缸(4c)的伸缩杆(4f)收缩,立柱(3)在斜支撑(4)的带动下以前支架(2a)的铰接点为轴心旋转向上起升;e, the telescopic rod (4f) of the telescopic cylinder (4c) of the oblique support (4) is contracted, and the hinge (3) is driven by the oblique support (4), and the hinge point of the bracket (2a) is pivoted upward and upward;
    其特征在于:还包括如下步骤:It is characterized in that it further comprises the following steps:
    f、当斜支撑(4)的伸缩油缸(4c)的伸缩杆(4f)收缩到设定位置时,立柱(3)向上起升到设定角度β,斜支撑(4)的伸缩油缸(4c)的缸筒(4d)上的外伸连接器(4e)与一字架(5a)上的过渡连接座乙(5d)也已对正并处于衔接状态;使用第五销轴(5e)将伸缩油缸(4c)的缸筒(4d)上的外伸连接器(4e)与一字架(5a)上的过渡连接座乙(5d)铰接固定,之后将伸缩油缸(4c)的伸缩杆(4f)的活动连接座(4g)与一字架(5a)上过渡连接座甲(5c)联接固定的第四销轴(4h)拔出、解除两者间的约束;f. When the telescopic rod (4f) of the telescopic cylinder (4c) of the inclined support (4) is contracted to the set position, the column (3) is lifted up to the set angle β, and the telescopic cylinder of the oblique support (4) (4c) The overhanging connector (4e) on the cylinder (4d) and the transitional joint B (5d) on the inline (5a) are also aligned and in an engaged state; using the fifth pin (5e) The overhanging connector (4e) on the cylinder (4d) of the telescopic cylinder (4c) is hingedly fixed to the transition joint B (5d) on the inline bracket (5a), and then the telescopic rod of the telescopic cylinder (4c) is 4f) The movable connecting seat (4g) is connected with the fourth pin shaft (4h) fixed by the transition connecting seat armor (5c) on the inline frame (5a), and the constraint between the two pins is removed;
    g、斜支撑(4)的伸缩油缸(4c)的伸缩杆(4f)与其上的活动连接座(4g)一起向外伸出,直至伸缩杆(4f)上的活动连接座(4g)与后支腿(2d)上的固定连接座(2h)对正,使用第四销轴(4h)将伸缩油缸伸缩杆(4f)上的活动连接座(4g)与可伸缩后支腿(2d)上的固定连接座(2h)联接固定;g, the telescopic rod (4f) of the telescopic cylinder (4c) of the oblique support (4) projects outward together with the movable joint (4g) thereon until the movable joint (4g) on the telescopic rod (4f) and the rear The fixed connection seat (2h) on the leg (2d) is aligned, and the fourth pin (4h) is used to connect the movable joint (4g) on the telescopic cylinder telescopic rod (4f) with the retractable rear leg (2d). The fixed connection seat (2h) is fixedly connected;
    h、将伸缩油缸(4c)的缸筒(4d)上的外伸连接器(4e)与一字架(5a)上的过渡连接座乙(5d)联接固定的第五销轴(5e)拔出解除两者的约束;h. Pull the overhanging connector (4e) on the cylinder (4d) of the telescopic cylinder (4c) and the fifth pin (5e) fixed to the transition joint B (5d) on the inline (5a) Release the constraints of both;
    i、斜支撑(4)的伸缩油缸(4c)的伸缩杆(4f)收缩、立柱(3)在斜支撑(4)的带动下以前支架(2a)的铰接点为轴心旋转继续向上起升、直至达到与地面成90度的垂直状态;人字架(5)的举升油缸(5b)收缩,使人字架(5)至初始位置,并借助第一销轴(2g)将人字架(5)固定在机身(2)的中间铰座(2c)上,至此,桩架自立桅作业完成;i. The telescopic rod (4f) of the telescopic cylinder (4c) of the oblique support (4) is contracted, and the column (3) is driven by the oblique support (4). The hinge point of the bracket (2a) is rotated by the shaft and continues to rise upward. Until it reaches a vertical angle of 90 degrees with the ground; the lifting cylinder (5b) of the herringbone frame (5) contracts, bringing the herringbone frame (5) to the initial position, and using the first pin shaft (2g) to carry the characters The frame (5) is fixed on the intermediate hinge seat (2c) of the body (2), and the pile frame is completed from the stand-up operation;
    j、桩架的倒桅作业按以上步骤的相反顺序进行。 j. The stacking operation of the pile frame is carried out in the reverse order of the above steps.
PCT/CN2016/099087 2015-09-14 2016-09-14 Pile frame and method of using and mounting same WO2017045625A1 (en)

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CN105089053B (en) 2017-02-01
JP6498361B2 (en) 2019-04-10

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