CN104612152A - Pile frame and installation method of pile frame - Google Patents

Pile frame and installation method of pile frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104612152A
CN104612152A CN201510021701.8A CN201510021701A CN104612152A CN 104612152 A CN104612152 A CN 104612152A CN 201510021701 A CN201510021701 A CN 201510021701A CN 104612152 A CN104612152 A CN 104612152A
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China
Prior art keywords
oil cylinder
hinged
fuselage
telescopic
telescopic oil
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Granted
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CN201510021701.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104612152B (en
Inventor
钱奂云
陈梓林
史筱晖
李海舰
邓超
刘进学
曾素
张峰
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Sunward Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Sunward Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510021701.8A priority Critical patent/CN104612152B/en
Publication of CN104612152A publication Critical patent/CN104612152A/en
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Publication of CN104612152B publication Critical patent/CN104612152B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/02Placing by driving
    • E02D7/06Power-driven drivers
    • E02D7/14Components for drivers inasmuch as not specially for a specific driver construction
    • E02D7/16Scaffolds or supports for drivers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2250/00Production methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a pile frame and an installation method of the pile frame. The crawler-type pile frame mainly comprises a chassis (1) with a crawler walking device, a machine body (2), a stand column (3), a slant support (4) and a power hydraulic system (5). One end of a linear frame (6) and one end of a jacking oil cylinder (7) are hinged to the machine body (2). The slant support (4), the linear frame (6) and the jacking oil cylinder (7) are hinged to one point to be hinged to the stand column (3) and the machine body (2). Two or more oil cylinders move in a combined mode to carry out mast erecting, and a user does not need to drive a pulley set in a winching mode to carry out mast erecting and also does not need a crane. According to the crawl-type pile frame, the whole mast erecting process is safe, stable, simple and efficient.

Description

A kind of pile frame and mounting method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pile frame, particularly relate to a kind of pile frame without the need to carrying out self-support mast by extraneous strength, the invention still further relates to the mounting method of this pile frame.
Background technology
Pile frame is requisite a kind of plant equipment in construction foundation working, and the foundation construction machineries such as various pile driver, auger, all will hang and be arranged on pile frame and construct; Crawler pile frame is the one in all kinds of pile frame, and it carries out position in crawler travel mode and moves, and has flexible feature, is thus widely used in construction foundation working.Crawler belt pile frame is generally primarily of compositions such as chassis, fuselage, column, bearing diagonal and dynamic hydraulic systems, due to its column longer (general 20 ~ 40 meters), when long distance transition transport, need column movable mast to dismantle, behind new place, vertical mast is installed again again.Therefore, the movable mast of crawler belt pile frame vertical post stands mast operation is an important step in crawler belt pile frame installation process.This kind of (" piling machinery " chapter 5 published as China Machine Press is delivered) crawler belt pile frame and mounting method thereof be known has following several at present:
The first is for using crane less important work, founds a kind of crawler pile frame of mast with vertical mast elevator band running block.First select suitable crane, main crane hangs the earrings on column assembly, notice that the stand of crane is wanted suitably (being recommended in the appropriate location, right side of machine), whipline is placed in the opposition side of main crane and first hangs the support bar (being recommended as Left-side support bar) of this side.(referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6).
Main crane upwards promotes column, starts vertical frame elevator simultaneously, slowly strains vertical frame wire rope thereupon, ensures that vertical frame elevator is synchronous with crane.When column winches to more than 45 °, start to enable vertical frame elevator and slowly initiatively draw column, main crane is servo-actuated synchronous with it, when column rise to become about 75 ~ 80 ° with level time, the braking of vertical frame elevator, stop vertical frame.Connect support bar oil cylinder oil pipe, with whipline, the ball cup of the support bar that plays is aimed at permanent position, stretch out telescopic oil cylinder piston rod, with bolt, telescopic oil cylinder ball cup is fixed to installation site, then take off whipline suspension hook to leave for another time of machine and do same operation, the support bar of opposite side is installed.After two telescopic oil cylinder ball cups install, take off main hoist lifting hook, vertical frame elevator is still braking halted state, uses support bar oil cylinder instead and shrinks continuation vertical frame; By the contraction of operation left and right sidesing post oil cylinder, whole pile frame is pulled up to 90 ° of duties.
When adopting said method to found mast, not only need two cranes, also need the work of vertical mast elevator, dismounting bearing diagonal, vertical mast process is complicated and cost is high.
The second is a kind of crawler pile frame utilizing elevator band running block to found mast.This pile frame, need at pading plate under machine before vertical mast, ensures place safety and be applicable to vertical mast around.The front and back supporting leg of pile frame is opened completely and stretched out, improves the stability of machine.With moderate rotation, vertical mast elevator handle is pulled back at leisure.Start vertical columns erected.Pull-up, to playing the abundant stressed stopping of frame tensioning wire rope, checks whether each connector, connecting steel wire ropes, the collar, bearing pin etc. are solid and reliable.Brake after making column pull-up 100-200mm, whether reliably observe braking, can frame be played several times continuously.Column rises and is raised to 78 ° ~ 82 °, and luffing elevator handle is returned to neutral position.Install diagonal brace, diagonal brace installs rear operation left and right diagonal brace oil cylinder (note making the action basic synchronization of left and right oil cylinder, otherwise can damage column, may cause overturning of car load time serious) button, is adjusted to vertically by column.(vertical mast process can see Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6), without the need to using crane).
When adopting said method to found mast, first the column quality of this pile frame can not be too large, otherwise only cannot reach self-support mast with elevator; Secondly, elevator is utilized to stand mast safety inadequate.
The third is for when vertical mast height is less, and a group oil cylinder can be adopted to carry out/vertical mast the operation of falling of vertical mast.Column, oil cylinder and fuselage are hinged to a large triangle, utilize the verticality of the contraction adjusting post of oil cylinder.(referring to Fig. 7).Adopt this kind of mode to found the pile frame of mast, its stem height can not be too high, and fulcrum is lower, and stability is not high.
Therefore, solve simple to operate when large-scale pile frame founds mast and safety height is in the art problem demanding prompt solution.
Summary of the invention
First technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of mast and vertical pile frame that mast process is simple, safety is high of being able to support oneself.
Second technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide the mounting method that vertical mast process is simple, safety is high of this pile frame.
In order to solve above-mentioned first technical problem, pile frame provided by the invention, comprise column, fuselage and bearing diagonal, column is hinged on the front end of fuselage, at least one end of described bearing diagonal is provided with first to be had initiatively or the stretching device of passive Telescopic, one end and the described column of described bearing diagonal are hinged, the fuselage of one end respectively with described that one end of one cabinet frame and second has the stretching device of active or passive Telescopic is hinged, fuselage is provided with lockhole, described bearing diagonal, the other end that the other end of one cabinet frame and described second has the stretching device of active or passive Telescopic is all hinged with a hinge hole, bearing pin can described hinge hole is locked with described lockhole together with.
One end and the carriage of described bearing diagonal are hinged, described carriage be free to slide on the guide rail of described column and can with bearing pin by locked for described carriage on described column.
One end of a described cabinet frame and the front end otic placode of described fuselage hinged, described second have initiatively or one end of stretching device of passive Telescopic and the rear end otic placode of described fuselage hinged, described lockhole is located at the middle part of described fuselage.
The first described stretching device with active or passive Telescopic of one end of described bearing diagonal is the first telescopic oil cylinder, and the hinge hole of one end all with described of the first described telescopic oil cylinder is hinged.
One end of a described cabinet frame and the front end otic placode of fuselage hinged, described second have initiatively or one end of stretching device of passive Telescopic and the middle part otic placode of described fuselage hinged, described lockhole is located at the rear end of described fuselage.
Described first of one end of described bearing diagonal have initiatively or the stretching device of passive Telescopic be the second telescopic oil cylinder and the second described telescopic oil cylinder and described column hinged, the first described stretching device with active or passive Telescopic of the other end of bearing diagonal is the first telescopic oil cylinder, and one end and the described hinge hole of the first described telescopic oil cylinder are hinged.
One end of a described cabinet frame and the front end otic placode of fuselage hinged, described second have initiatively or one end of stretching device of passive Telescopic and the middle part otic placode of described fuselage hinged, described lockhole is located at the rear end of described fuselage.
Described first of one end of described bearing diagonal have initiatively or the stretching device of passive Telescopic be the second telescopic oil cylinder and the second described telescopic oil cylinder and described carriage hinged, the first described stretching device with active or passive Telescopic of the other end of described bearing diagonal is the first telescopic oil cylinder, and one end and the described hinge hole of the first described telescopic oil cylinder are hinged.
Described first stretching device and described second with active or passive Telescopic has initiatively or the stretching device of passive Telescopic is telescopic oil cylinder, and described telescopic oil cylinder is the composite oil cylinder of multi-stage expansion.
In order to solve above-mentioned second technical problem, the mounting method of the pile frame originally provided, during vertical mast, elevating ram shrinks, when reaching restriction position, also be bearing diagonal, the hinge of a cabinet frame and elevating ram three is when moving to the permanent position of the lockhole of fuselage, after fixing together with hinge hole is locked with lockhole with bearing pin, elevating ram is in locking state, then regulates telescopic oil cylinder thus move column to plumbness smoothly; Or, first shrink telescopic oil cylinder, when it reaches capacity position, shrink elevating ram, when the hinge of bearing diagonal, a cabinet frame and elevating ram three moves to the permanent position of the lockhole of fuselage, after fixing together with hinge hole is locked with lockhole with bearing pin, elevating ram is in locking state, then regulates telescopic oil cylinder, makes column reach plumbness; During movable mast, then contrary with above-mentioned action.
Adopt pile frame and the mounting method thereof of technique scheme, bearing diagonal, a cabinet frame, elevating ram three are articulated with a bit, and can be fixed on fuselage.The bearing diagonal other end is hinged on column, and can slide on column slide rail, and one end of bearing diagonal or two ends are telescopic oil cylinder, can control bearing diagonal and extend and shrink, time slip in its one end on column slide rail, fix at extreme position bearing pin.The elevating ram other end is hinged on fuselage, and elevating ram freely swings with this fixing hinge, and extending with shrink thus control the swing of bearing diagonal and a cabinet frame.During vertical mast, elevating ram shrinks, when reach limit position time, be also bearing diagonal, the hinge of a cabinet frame and elevating ram three be when moving to the permanent position of fuselage, after bearing pin is fixing, elevating ram is in locking state, then regulates telescopic oil cylinder thus can move column to plumbness smoothly.Or, first shrink telescopic oil cylinder, when it reaches capacity position, shrink elevating ram, when the hinge of bearing diagonal, a cabinet frame and elevating ram three moves to the permanent position of fuselage, after bearing pin is fixing, elevating ram is in locking state, then regulates telescopic oil cylinder, makes column reach plumbness.
Advantage of the present invention is: simply, without the need to adopting other auxiliary machineries, can reduce vertical mast cost, also without the need to founding mast with elevator, stability is high for structure and operating process.
In sum, the present invention is a kind of mast and vertical crawler pile frame that mast process is simple, safety is high of being able to support oneself.Its mounting method is a kind of simple to operate and stability is high one founds mast mode, increases the efficiency of machine operation while can effectively reducing cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The accompanying drawing forming a part of the present invention is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and schematic description and description of the present invention, for explaining the present invention, does not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is that existing pile frame utilizes the vertical mast schematic diagram such as elevator, whipline.
Fig. 2 is that pile frame shown in Fig. 1 founds mast process first step schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is that pile frame shown in Fig. 1 founds mast process second step schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is that pile frame shown in Fig. 1 founds mast process the 3rd step schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is that pile frame shown in Fig. 1 founds mast process the 4th step schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is that pile frame shown in Fig. 1 founds mast process the 5th step schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 is that existing pile frame utilizes a group oil cylinder to found the schematic diagram of mast.
Fig. 8 is the first crawler pile frame structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is that the first crawler pile frame of the present invention founds mast process first step schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is that the first crawler pile frame of the present invention founds mast process second step schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is that the first crawler pile frame of the present invention founds mast process the 3rd step schematic diagram.
Figure 12 is the second crawler pile frame structural representation of the present invention.
Figure 13 is that the second crawler pile frame of the present invention founds mast process first step schematic diagram.
Figure 14 is that the second crawler pile frame of the present invention founds mast process second step schematic diagram.
Figure 15 is that the second crawler pile frame of the present invention founds mast process the 3rd step schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1:
See Fig. 8, comprise the chassis 1 with crawler unit, fuselage 2, column 3, bearing diagonal 4 and dynamic hydraulic system 5, column 3 is hinged on the front end of fuselage 2, one end of one cabinet frame 6 and the front end otic placode of fuselage 2 hinged, and can freely swing around this pin joint, one end of elevating ram 7 and the rear end otic placode of fuselage 2 hinged and can freely swing around this pin joint, one end and the column 3 of bearing diagonal 4 are hinged, or one end of bearing diagonal 4 and carriage 8 hinged, carriage 8 is free to slide on the guide rail of column 3, can with bearing pin by carriage 8 and column 3 locked, the other end of bearing diagonal 4 is the first telescopic oil cylinder 10, the middle part of fuselage 2 is provided with lockhole 12, first telescopic oil cylinder 10, the other end of one cabinet frame 6 and the other end of elevating ram 7 are all hinged with a hinge hole 11, bearing pin can hinge hole 11 is locked with lockhole 12 together with.
See Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10 and Figure 11, utilize the flexible of elevating ram 7, the swing of a cabinet frame 6 can be driven, driven the action of column 3 by bearing diagonal 4.The angle of the flexible then adjustable upright column 3 of the first telescopic oil cylinder 10.During vertical mast, elevating ram 7 shrinks, when reaching restriction position, also be that the hinge of bearing diagonal 4, cabinet frame 6 and elevating ram 7 three is when moving to the permanent position of lockhole 12 at the middle part of fuselage 2, after fixing together with hinge hole 11 is locked with lockhole 12 with bearing pin, elevating ram 7 is in locking state, then regulates the first telescopic oil cylinder 10 thus can move column 3 to plumbness smoothly.Or, first shrink the first telescopic oil cylinder 10, when it reaches capacity position, shrink elevating ram 7, when the hinge of bearing diagonal 4, cabinet frame 6 and elevating ram 7 three moves to the permanent position of lockhole 12 at the middle part of fuselage 2, after fixing together with hinge hole 11 is locked with lockhole 12 with bearing pin, elevating ram 7 is in locking state, then regulates the first telescopic oil cylinder 10, makes column 3 reach plumbness.During movable mast, then contrary with above-mentioned action.
Embodiment 2:
See Figure 12, include the chassis 1 of crawler unit, fuselage 2, column 3, bearing diagonal 4 and dynamic hydraulic system 5, column 3 is hinged on the front end of fuselage 2, one end of one cabinet frame 6 and the front end otic placode of fuselage 2 hinged, and can freely swing around this pin joint, one end of elevating ram 7 and the middle part otic placode of fuselage 2 hinged and can freely swing around this pin joint, one end and the column 3 of bearing diagonal 4 are hinged, or one end of bearing diagonal 4 is the second telescopic oil cylinder 9 and the second telescopic oil cylinder 9 is hinged with carriage 8, carriage 8 is free to slide on the guide rail of column 3, can with bearing pin by carriage 8 and column 3 locked, the other end of bearing diagonal 4 is the first telescopic oil cylinder 10, the rear end of fuselage 2 is provided with lockhole 12, first telescopic oil cylinder 10, the other end of one cabinet frame 6 and the other end of elevating ram 7 are all hinged with a hinge hole 11, bearing pin can hinge hole 11 is locked with lockhole 12 together with.
See Figure 12, Figure 13, Fig. 9 and Figure 15, utilize the flexible of elevating ram 7, the swing of a cabinet frame 6 can be driven, driven the action of column 3 by bearing diagonal 4.The angle of the flexible then adjustable upright column 3 of the first telescopic oil cylinder 10 and the second telescopic oil cylinder 9.During vertical mast, second telescopic oil cylinder 9 shrinks, when reaching restriction position, shrink elevating ram 7, during lockhole 12 permanent position that the rear end making the hinge of bearing diagonal 4, cabinet frame 6 and elevating ram 7 three move to fuselage 2 is provided with, after fixing together with hinge hole 11 is locked with lockhole 12 with bearing pin, elevating ram 7 is in locking state, then regulates the first telescopic oil cylinder 10 thus can move column 3 to plumbness smoothly.During movable mast, then contrary with above-mentioned action.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.Such as: the upper end of the bearing diagonal 4 of embodiment 1 is hinged with carriage 8 after also can setting up the second telescopic oil cylinder 9 of embodiment 2, and it is not limited to telescopic oil cylinder, it can be have initiatively or the stretching device of passive Telescopic; Telescopic oil cylinder of the present invention also can be can the composite oil cylinder of multi-stage expansion.

Claims (10)

1. a pile frame, comprise column (3), fuselage (2) and bearing diagonal (4), column (3) is hinged on the front end of fuselage (2), it is characterized in that: at least one end of described bearing diagonal (4) is provided with first to be had initiatively or the stretching device of passive Telescopic, one end and the described column (3) of described bearing diagonal (4) are hinged, the fuselage (2) of one end respectively with described that one end of one cabinet frame (6) and second has the stretching device of active or passive Telescopic is hinged, fuselage (2) is provided with lockhole (12), described bearing diagonal (4), the other end that the other end of one cabinet frame (6) and described second has the stretching device of active or passive Telescopic is all hinged with a hinge hole (11), bearing pin can described hinge hole (11) is locked with described lockhole (12) together with.
2. pile frame according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: one end and the carriage (8) of described bearing diagonal (4) are hinged, described carriage (8) be free to slide on the guide rail of described column (3) and can with bearing pin by locked for described carriage (8) on described column (3).
3. pile frame according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: one end of a described cabinet frame (6) and the front end otic placode of described fuselage (2) hinged, described second have initiatively or one end of stretching device of passive Telescopic and the rear end otic placode of described fuselage (2) hinged, described lockhole (12) is located at the middle part of described fuselage (2).
4. pile frame according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the first described stretching device with active or passive Telescopic of one end of described bearing diagonal (4) is the first telescopic oil cylinder (10), and the hinge hole (11) of one end all with described of described the first telescopic oil cylinder (10) is hinged.
5. pile frame according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: one end of a described cabinet frame (6) and the front end otic placode of fuselage (2) hinged, described second have initiatively or one end of stretching device of passive Telescopic and the middle part otic placode of described fuselage (2) hinged, described lockhole (12) is located at the rear end of described fuselage (2).
6. pile frame according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the first described stretching device with active or passive Telescopic of one end of described bearing diagonal (4) is the second telescopic oil cylinder (9) and described the second telescopic oil cylinder (9) is hinged with described column (3), the first described stretching device with active or passive Telescopic of the other end of bearing diagonal (4) is the first telescopic oil cylinder (10), and one end and the described hinge hole (11) of described the first telescopic oil cylinder (10) are hinged.
7. pile frame according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: one end of a described cabinet frame (6) and the front end otic placode of fuselage (2) hinged, described second have initiatively or one end of stretching device of passive Telescopic and the middle part otic placode of described fuselage (2) hinged, described lockhole (12) is located at the rear end of described fuselage (2).
8. pile frame according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the first described stretching device with active or passive Telescopic of one end of described bearing diagonal (4) is the second telescopic oil cylinder (9) and described the second telescopic oil cylinder (9) is hinged with described carriage (8), the first described stretching device with active or passive Telescopic of the other end of described bearing diagonal (4) is the first telescopic oil cylinder (10), and one end and the described hinge hole (11) of described the first telescopic oil cylinder (10) are hinged.
9. pile frame according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the described first stretching device and described second with active or passive Telescopic has initiatively or the stretching device of passive Telescopic is telescopic oil cylinder, and described telescopic oil cylinder is the composite oil cylinder of multi-stage expansion.
10. the method for pile frame according to claim 1 is installed, it is characterized in that: during vertical mast, elevating ram shrinks, when reaching restriction position, also be bearing diagonal, the hinge of a cabinet frame and elevating ram three is when moving to the permanent position of the lockhole of fuselage, after fixing together with hinge hole is locked with lockhole with bearing pin, elevating ram is in locking state, then regulates telescopic oil cylinder thus move column to plumbness smoothly; Or, first shrink telescopic oil cylinder, when it reaches capacity position, shrink elevating ram, when the hinge of bearing diagonal, a cabinet frame and elevating ram three moves to the permanent position of the lockhole of fuselage, after fixing together with hinge hole is locked with lockhole with bearing pin, elevating ram is in locking state, then regulates telescopic oil cylinder, makes column reach plumbness; During movable mast, then contrary with above-mentioned action.
CN201510021701.8A 2015-01-16 2015-01-16 A kind of pile frame and mounting method thereof Active CN104612152B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510021701.8A CN104612152B (en) 2015-01-16 2015-01-16 A kind of pile frame and mounting method thereof
KR1020177009904A KR101894388B1 (en) 2015-01-16 2015-03-17 File frame and mounting method thereof
JP2017537437A JP6483268B2 (en) 2015-01-16 2015-03-17 Pile frame and assembly method thereof
PCT/CN2015/074364 WO2016112585A1 (en) 2015-01-16 2015-03-17 Pile frame and mounting method thereof

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KR (1) KR101894388B1 (en)
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CN109083146A (en) * 2017-06-13 2018-12-25 日本车辆制造株式会社 The column of piling machine and the setting setting method of diagonal brace
CN109720988A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-05-07 中交四航局江门航通船业有限公司 A kind of pile frame hanging method

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CN109083146B (en) * 2017-06-13 2021-04-02 日本车辆制造株式会社 Method for vertically setting upright post and inclined strut of pile driver
CN109720988A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-05-07 中交四航局江门航通船业有限公司 A kind of pile frame hanging method

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JP6483268B2 (en) 2019-03-13
KR20170057331A (en) 2017-05-24
WO2016112585A1 (en) 2016-07-21
JP2018504539A (en) 2018-02-15
KR101894388B1 (en) 2018-09-04

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