WO2014047755A1 - Chain connector assembly machine - Google Patents

Chain connector assembly machine Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2014047755A1
WO2014047755A1 PCT/CN2012/001657 CN2012001657W WO2014047755A1 WO 2014047755 A1 WO2014047755 A1 WO 2014047755A1 CN 2012001657 W CN2012001657 W CN 2012001657W WO 2014047755 A1 WO2014047755 A1 WO 2014047755A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
pair
cam
grooves
loading
riveting
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PCT/CN2012/001657
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何汉朝
何治富
黄浩
卢日才
Original Assignee
太仓椿盟链传动有限公司
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Priority to CN201210364360.0A priority Critical patent/CN102847867B/en
Priority to CN201210364360.0 priority
Application filed by 太仓椿盟链传动有限公司 filed Critical 太仓椿盟链传动有限公司
Publication of WO2014047755A1 publication Critical patent/WO2014047755A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21LMAKING METAL CHAINS
    • B21L9/00Making chains or chain links, the links being composed of two or more different parts, e.g. drive chains
    • B21L9/02Making chains or chain links, the links being composed of two or more different parts, e.g. drive chains of roller-chain or other plate-link type
    • B21L9/06Sorting, feeding, assembling, riveting, or finishing parts of chains

Abstract

A chain connector assembly machine comprising a driver apparatus (1), a working turntable (2), a pin feeder apparatus (3), an outer-piece feeder apparatus (4), a piece assembly apparatus (5), a round riveting apparatus (6), and a control apparatus (10). The round riveting apparatus (6) comprises a first round riveting apparatus (61) and a second round riveting apparatus (62). The driver apparatus is connected to the working turntable. The working turntable has arranged evenly at the outside thereof 12 pairs of grooves. The pin feeder apparatus is connected to the first pair of grooves (71), the outer-piece feeder apparatus and the piece assembly apparatus are connected to the third pair of grooves (73), the first round riveting apparatus is connected to the sixth pair of grooves (76), the second round riveting apparatus is connected to the ninth pair of grooves (79), and a finished product outlet is provided at the eleventh pair of grooves. The control apparatus controls the driver apparatus, the pin feeder apparatus, the outer-piece feeder apparatus, the piece assembly apparatus, the first round riveting apparatus, and the second round riveting apparatus. The chain connector assembly machine allows for increased reliability and movement synchronicity during production, thus preventing losses incurred during production.

Description

一种链条接头装配机 技术领域 本发明涉及链条生产领域, 特别是涉及一种全自动, 智能化的链条接 头装配机。 背景技术 链条是一种重要的基础产品, 由于兼有轮传动和带传动的特点, 在农 业机械、 汽车、 摩托车、 石油化工、 冶金矿山及纺织造纸等领域都得到了 广泛应用。 近年来, 随着我国经济建设的快速发展, 以及国外发达国家产 业结构的转移, 我国链条产业遇到了前所未有的发展机遇。 与此同时, 为 适应国内、 国外链条市场的需求变化, 我国链条行业不断调整产业结构, 坚持走技术创新的发展道路, 加大新产品开发力度和提高制链的技术水 平。 但是, 由于我国链条产业起点比较低, 整个行业的技术水平与发达国 家相比还具有一定差距。 目前, 我国链条行业从材料改制到链条装配, 普 遍存在装配水平较低的问题, 大多数企业的设备自动化程度不高, 劳动生 产效率低, 产品精度不高, 部分工序还在靠手工操作。 由于装配水平的低 下,不仅直接影响了行业的经济效益和产品质量,而且大大削弱了高、精、 尖产品的开发能力, 阻碍了行业的发展。  TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to the field of chain production, and in particular to a fully automatic and intelligent chain joint assembly machine. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Chains are an important basic product. Due to the combination of wheel drive and belt drive, they are widely used in agricultural machinery, automobiles, motorcycles, petrochemicals, metallurgical mines, textiles and papermaking. In recent years, with the rapid development of China's economic construction and the shifting of the industrial structure of foreign developed countries, China's chain industry has encountered unprecedented opportunities for development. At the same time, in order to adapt to the changes in domestic and foreign chain markets, China's chain industry has continuously adjusted its industrial structure, adhered to the development path of technological innovation, increased the intensity of new product development and improved the technological level of the chain. However, due to the relatively low starting point of China's chain industry, the technical level of the entire industry still has a certain gap compared with developed countries. At present, China's chain industry has changed from material restructuring to chain assembly. The problem of low assembly level is common. Most enterprises have low equipment automation, low labor productivity, low product precision, and some processes are still operated by hand. Due to the low level of assembly, it not only directly affects the economic benefits and product quality of the industry, but also greatly weakens the development capability of high-quality, sophisticated and sophisticated products, hindering the development of the industry.
在链条生产领域, 装配好的链条经过铆压、 上油、 切断等工序后, 是 一段段的链条, 在投入运用在传动领域前, 需要把该段链条首尾连接, 也 就是用一个活动接头进行连接, 然后再用一个弹簧卡片卡住该活动接头, 形成一根完整的链条。  In the field of chain production, after the assembled chain is subjected to riveting, oiling, cutting and other processes, it is a segment of the chain. Before being put into the transmission field, the chain needs to be connected end to end, that is, with a movable joint. Connect, then use a spring card to catch the movable joint to form a complete chain.
通常,生产这个活动接头是用人工装配、铆压完成的,生产效率极低, 且由于人工操作对熟练度掌握不同, 导致质量很不稳定, 而且人工装配铆 压的危险性很高, 操作人员在进行装配和铆压时, 稍不注意就会对自身造 成损害, 因此, 现在的装配铆压生产中, 伤害事故时有发生, 不仅会影响 企业的正常生产运作, 而且由于操作人员的人身伤害而造成的工伤, 其后 续支出对企业来讲也是一个很大的隐患。 因此, 为了解决上述现状, 开发 一种生产安全、 效率高, 质量好、 稳定性高的链条接头的全自动设备, 是 本行业技术人员努力研发的方向。 发明内容 Usually, the production of this movable joint is completed by manual assembly and riveting, the production efficiency is extremely low, and the quality is very unstable due to the different mastery of manual operation, and the risk of manual assembly riveting is high, the operator When assembling and riveting, you will make your own Damage, therefore, in the current assembly riveting production, injury accidents occur, not only affect the normal production operations of the enterprise, but also the work-related injuries caused by the operator's personal injury, the subsequent expenditure is also very Big hidden dangers. Therefore, in order to solve the above situation, the development of a fully automatic equipment for producing chain joints with high safety, high efficiency, good quality and high stability is a direction that technicians in the industry are striving for. Summary of the invention
为解决上述技术问题, 本发明的目的是提供一种全自动, 智能化的链 条接头装配机。 为实现上述发明目的, 本发明所采用的技术方案是:  In order to solve the above technical problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a fully automatic and intelligent chain joint assembling machine. In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
一种链条接头装配机, 包括驱动装置、 工作转盘、 送销轴装置、 送外 片装置、 装片装置、 圆铆装置和控制装置, 所述圆铆装置包括第一圆铆装 置和第二圆铆装置; 所述驱动装置与工作转盘相连接, 所述工作转盘外侧均匀设置有 12 对凹槽, 所述送销轴装置与第一对凹槽相连, 所述送外片装置和装片装置 与第三对凹槽相连, 所述第一圆铆装置与第六对凹槽相连, 所述第二圆铆 装置与第九对凹槽相连, 所述第十一对凹槽处设置有成品出口; 所述控制装置控制驱动装置, 送销轴装置, 送外片装置, 装片装置, 第一圆铆装置和第二圆铆装置。  A chain joint assembling machine, comprising a driving device, a working turntable, a pin feeding shaft device, an outer sheet feeding device, a loading device, a round riveting device and a control device, the round riveting device comprising a first round riveting device and a second circle a rivet device; the driving device is connected to the working turntable, the working turntable is evenly disposed with 12 pairs of grooves on the outer side, and the pin feeding shaft device is connected with the first pair of grooves, and the sending and receiving device and the loading device are The third pair of grooves are connected, the first round riveting device is connected to the sixth pair of grooves, the second round riveting device is connected to the ninth pair of grooves, and the eleventh pair of grooves are provided with the finished product outlet The control device controls the driving device, the pin feed shaft device, the outer sheet feeding device, the loading device, the first round riveting device and the second round riveting device.
进一步地, 所述驱动装置包括电机和间歇分割器, 所述间歇分割器的 输入轴与电机的主轴通过同步带连接,所述间歇分割器的输出轴与工作转 盘的中心连接, 所述间歇分割器为 12等分的间歇分割器; 所述电机的主轴上还安装有送销轴凸轮,送外片凸轮,第一装片凸轮, 第二装片凸轮, 圆铆凸轮和停机凸轮, 所述送销轴凸轮, 送外片凸轮, 第 一装片凸轮, 第二装片凸轮, 圆铆凸轮和停机凸轮分别对应安装有各自的 感应器, 所述感应器与控制装置相连。 进一步地,所述送销轴装置包括振动盘,所述振动盘具有两个出料口, 所述两个出料口分别连接一个落销轴管,所述落料轴管一侧设置有由送销 轴液压缸推动的推送模块, 所述推送模块处安装有推送模块感应器, 所述 推送模块感应器和送销轴液压缸与控制装置相连; Further, the driving device includes a motor and an intermittent splitter, and an input shaft of the intermittent splitter is connected to a main shaft of the motor through a timing belt, and an output shaft of the intermittent splitter is connected to a center of the work turntable, and the intermittent splitting The device is a 12-divided intermittent splitter; the spindle of the motor is further provided with a feed pin cam, an outer cam, a first loading cam, a second loading cam, a circular rivet cam and a stopping cam, The feed pin cam, the outer die cam, the first die cam, the second die cam, the round rivet cam and the stop cam are respectively provided with respective inductors, and the inductor is connected to the control device. Further, the feed pin device includes a vibrating plate having two discharge ports, and the two discharge ports are respectively connected to a pin-off shaft tube, and the side of the blanking tube is provided with Selling a pushing module driven by the shaft hydraulic cylinder, wherein the pushing module is equipped with a pushing module sensor, and the pushing module sensor and the pinning shaft hydraulic cylinder are connected with the control device;
进一步地,所述振动盘内的两条内部输送通道上分别设置有第一筛选 部和第二筛选部;  Further, a first screening portion and a second screening portion are respectively disposed on the two internal conveying passages in the vibration disc;
所述第一筛选部处的通道为单通道, 且单通道的外侧有挡板, 内侧无 挡板;  The channel at the first screening portion is a single channel, and the outer side of the single channel has a baffle and the inner side has no baffle;
所述第二筛选部为通道内设置的一段与内部输送通道方向相同的凸 筋, 且凸筋外侧无挡板, 所述凸筋的尽头设置一个凸台, 所述凸台与凸筋 垂直, 且在凸台的另一边的通道的外侧设置挡板, 所述凸台另一边的通道 有一段逐渐收缩。  The second screening portion is a rib provided in the channel in the same direction as the inner conveying passage, and the outer side of the rib is not baffle, and a boss is disposed at the end of the rib, and the boss is perpendicular to the rib. And a baffle is disposed on the outer side of the channel on the other side of the boss, and the channel on the other side of the boss gradually shrinks.
进一步地, 所述送外片装置包括串外片装置, 链片托板, 送片板, 以 及与送片板相连接的送外片液压缸, 所述送外片液压缸与控制装置相连, 所述链片托板位于串外片装置的下方,所述送片板位于链片托板和串外片 装置之间, 且与第三对凹槽相对, 所述送片板处设置有与控制装置连接的 送片板感应器。  Further, the external film feeding device comprises a string outer sheet device, a chain plate, a feeding plate, and an outer sheet hydraulic cylinder connected to the feeding plate, wherein the outer sheet hydraulic cylinder is connected to the control device, The chain carrier is located below the string outer device, and the feeding plate is located between the chain carrier and the string outer device, and opposite to the third pair of grooves, and the feeding plate is provided with The feed plate sensor connected to the control unit.
进一步地, 所述装片装置包括装片液压缸, 以及装片液压缸下端连接 的压片装置, 所述装片液压缸与控制装置相连;  Further, the loading device includes a loading hydraulic cylinder, and a pressing device connected to the lower end of the loading hydraulic cylinder, and the loading hydraulic cylinder is connected to the control device;
所述压片装置包括压片模, 以及通过弹簧安装在压片模内部的一对引 导撞子, 所述一对引导撞子下部露出压片模, 且与第三对凹槽相对应。  The tableting device includes a tableting die, and a pair of guiding cues mounted inside the tableting die by a spring, the pair of guiding rams exposing the tableting die and corresponding to the third pair of grooves.
进一步地, 所述圆铆装置包括安装在圆铆液压缸输出轴上的圆铆模 块, 所述输出轴与旋转电机主轴相连, 所述圆铆模块分别与工作转盘上的 第六对凹槽和第九对凹槽相对应。  Further, the round riveting device comprises a round riveting module mounted on the output shaft of the circular riveting hydraulic cylinder, the output shaft is connected to the main shaft of the rotating electric machine, and the round riveting module and the sixth pair of grooves on the working turntable respectively The ninth pair of grooves correspond.
进一步地, 所述第一圆铆装置对应第六对凹槽的的左侧凹槽, 所述第 二圆铆装置对应第九对凹槽的右侧凹槽。  Further, the first round riveting device corresponds to a left side groove of the sixth pair of grooves, and the second round riveting device corresponds to a right side groove of the ninth pair of grooves.
进一步地, 还包括报警装置, 所述报警装置与控制装置相连。  Further, an alarm device is further included, and the alarm device is connected to the control device.
进一步地, 控制装置为 PLC控制装置。  Further, the control device is a PLC control device.
采用上述技术方案, 本发明的有益效果有: ( 1 ) 本发明从销轴输送, 外片输送至圆铆进行, 均为自动化控制, 在电机的主轴上连接若干的控制凸轮和相应的感应器, 与控制装置相连 接, 控制装置通过感应控制凸轮的转动位置判断各个环节应该进行的动 作, 一旦该环节中的感应器与控制装置通过控制凸轮感应到的动作不一 致, 即可判断出错, 进行报警和停机, 避免引起后续损失。 With the above technical solutions, the beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows: (1) The invention is conveyed from the pin shaft, and the outer piece is conveyed to the round riveting, all of which are automatically controlled. A plurality of control cams and corresponding sensors are connected to the main shaft of the motor, and are connected with the control device, and the control device is controlled by induction. The rotational position of the cam judges the action that should be performed in each link. Once the sensor and the control device in the link are inconsistent with the motion sensed by the control cam, the error can be judged, and the alarm and shutdown can be performed to avoid subsequent loss.
(2) 本发明的压片装置采用双凸轮驱动的二级控制, 保证了引导撞 子与销轴之间最长时间接触, 且留给送片板足够的退出时间, 避免压片模 压块送片板, 动作可靠性更高。  (2) The tableting device of the invention adopts the double-cab drive secondary control, which ensures the longest contact between the guiding striker and the pin shaft, and leaves sufficient withdrawal time for the feeding plate to avoid the die pressing block feeding. The board is more reliable.
(3 ) 本发明的圆铆装置通过旋转铆压, 铆头部分为圆形, 比一般的 两面铆或四面铆, 铆接面更加平滑, 强度更高, 同时也更加美观, 两个圆 铆装置受同一凸轮控制, 动作同步性好。  (3) The round riveting device of the present invention is rotated and riveted, and the riveting head is divided into a circular shape, which is smoother than the general two-sided riveting or four-sided riveting, the riveting surface is smoother, the strength is higher, and the outer riveting device is more beautiful. The same cam control, the motion synchronization is good.
(4) 本发明采用液压缸结合 PLC智能控制, 人机界面有效达到自动 组装, 生产效率高。 附图说明 图 1为本发明结构示意图;  (4) The invention adopts hydraulic cylinder combined with PLC intelligent control, and the human-machine interface effectively achieves automatic assembly, and the production efficiency is high. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
图 2为本发明的驱动装置结构示意图;  2 is a schematic structural view of a driving device of the present invention;
图 3为本发明的送销轴装置结构示意图;  Figure 3 is a schematic structural view of a feed pin shaft device of the present invention;
图 4为本发明的振动盘输送通道结构示意图;  Figure 4 is a schematic structural view of a vibrating plate conveying passage of the present invention;
图 5为图 4中 A部细节图;  Figure 5 is a detailed view of the portion A of Figure 4;
图 6为本发明的送外片装置结构示意图;  Figure 6 is a schematic structural view of the external film feeding device of the present invention;
图 7为本发明的装片装置结构示意图;  Figure 7 is a schematic structural view of the loading device of the present invention;
图 8为本发明圆铆装置结构示意图;  Figure 8 is a schematic structural view of a round riveting device of the present invention;
图 9为本发明一实施例示意图;  Figure 9 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention;
图 10为本发明又一实施例示意图;  Figure 10 is a schematic view of still another embodiment of the present invention;
图 11为本发明铆头方式分析图; 图 12A, 12B分别为本发明制得的双脚接头正视图和俯视图; 图 13A, 13B , 13C为本发明链片与销轴压合图; Figure 11 is an analysis diagram of the riveting mode of the present invention; 12A, 12B are front and top views, respectively, of a two-legged joint made in accordance with the present invention; Figures 13A, 13B, 13C are compression views of the chain and the pin of the present invention;
图 14本发明的工作转盘运行状态图;  Figure 14 is a diagram showing the operation state of the work turntable of the present invention;
图 15A, 15B , 15C, 15D, 15E为本发明的送片、 装片步骤图; 图 16为本发明的工作步骤图。  15A, 15B, 15C, 15D, 15E are diagrams of the feeding and loading steps of the present invention; and Fig. 16 is a working step diagram of the present invention.
其中: 1驱动装置, 11电机, 111主轴, 112送销轴凸轮, 113送外片 凸轮, 114第一装片凸轮, 115第二装片凸轮, 116圆铆凸轮, 117停机凸 轮, 118感应器, 12间歇分割器, 13同步带, 2工作转盘, 21成品出口, 3送销轴装置, 31振动盘, 311内部输送通道, 312第一筛选部, 313第二 筛选部, 314单通道, 315挡板, 316凸筋, 317凸台, 32出料口, 33落 销轴管, 34推送模块, 35推送模块感应器, 36送销轴液压缸, 4送外片 装置, 41 串外片装置, 42链片托板, 43送片板, 44送外片液压缸, 45 送片板感应器, 5装片装置, 51装片液压缸, 52压片装置, 521压片模, 522弹簧, 523引导撞子, 6圆铆装置, 61第一圆铆装置, 62第二圆铆装 置, 63圆铆液压缸, 64旋转电机, 65圆铆模块, 7凹槽, 71第一对凹槽, 73第三对凹槽, 76第六对凹槽, 79第九对凹槽, 8销轴, 9链片, 10控 制装置。 具体实施方式 为了使本发明的目的、 技术方案及优点更加清楚明白, 下面结合附图 及实施例, 对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 应当理解, 此处所描述的具体 实施例仅用以解释本发明, 并不用于限定本发明。  Among them: 1 drive unit, 11 motor, 111 spindle, 112 feed pin cam, 113 send outer cam, 114 first mount cam, 115 second mount cam, 116 round rivet cam, 117 stop cam, 118 sensor , 12 intermittent splitter, 13 timing belt, 2 working turntable, 21 finished product exit, 3 feed pin shaft device, 31 vibration plate, 311 internal conveying channel, 312 first screening part, 313 second screening part, 314 single channel, 315 Baffle, 316 rib, 317 boss, 32 discharge port, 33 pin shaft tube, 34 push module, 35 push module sensor, 36 pin shaft hydraulic cylinder, 4 send external device, 41 series external device , 42 chain plate, 43 feeding plate, 44 sending external hydraulic cylinder, 45 feeding plate sensor, 5 loading device, 51 loading hydraulic cylinder, 52 tableting device, 521 tableting die, 522 spring, 523 guides the driver, 6 round riveting device, 61 first round riveting device, 62 second round riveting device, 63 round riveting hydraulic cylinder, 64 rotating electric machine, 65 round riveting module, 7 groove, 71 first pair of grooves, 73 third pair of grooves, 76 sixth pair of grooves, 79 ninth pair of grooves, 8 pins, 9 chains , Control means 10. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more comprehensible, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It is understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
图 1为本发明结构示意图, 如图 1所示, 一种链条接头装配机, 包括 驱动装置 1、 工作转盘 2、 送销轴装置 3、 送外片装置 4、 装片装置 5、 圆 铆装置 6和控制装置 10, 所述控制装置控制驱动装置, 送销轴装置, 送外 片装置, 装片装置, 第一圆铆装置和第二圆铆装置。  1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, a chain joint assembly machine includes a driving device 1, a work turntable 2, a pin feed shaft device 3, an outer sheet feeding device 4, a loading device 5, and a round riveting device. 6 and a control device 10, the control device controls the drive device, the pin feed shaft device, the outer sheet feeding device, the loading device, the first round riveting device and the second round riveting device.
所述圆铆装置包括第一圆铆装置 61和第二圆铆装置 62; 所述驱动装 置 1与工作转盘 2相连接, 带动工作转盘 2转动, 所述工作转盘 2外侧均 匀设置有 12对凹槽 7, 即为 12个工位, 所述送销轴装置与第一对凹槽 71 相连, 为第一工位, 其动作为将两个销轴 8送至第一对凹槽 71中; 第二 工位处无操作, 所述送外片装置 4和装片装置 5与第三对凹槽 73相连, 作为第三工位, 其动作为将链片 9送至第一工位放置好的销轴 8上, 并装 好, 使销轴部分露出链片 9, 为下一步的铆头做好准备, 所述第一圆铆装 置 61与第六对凹槽 76相连, 为第六工位, 实现对两个销轴 8中的一个进 行圆铆, 所述第二圆铆装置 62与第九对凹槽 79相连, 为第九个工位, 实 现对另外一个销轴 8的圆铆, 圆铆结束后, 成品随着工作转盘 2的转动移 至第十一对凹槽处的成品出口 21, 完成链条接头的装配。 The round riveting device comprises a first round riveting device 61 and a second round riveting device 62; the driving device 1 is connected with the working turntable 2 to drive the working turntable 2 to rotate, and the outside of the working turntable 2 is 12 pairs of grooves 7 are arranged uniformly, that is, 12 stations, and the pin-feeding shaft device is connected with the first pair of grooves 71 as a first station, and the action is to send the two pins 8 to the first position. In the recess 71; there is no operation at the second station, the outer sheet device 4 and the loading device 5 are connected to the third pair of grooves 73 as a third station, and the action is to send the chain 9 to the A pin 8 is placed on a station and mounted so that the pin portion exposes the chain 9 to prepare for the next rivet, and the first round riving device 61 is connected to the sixth pair of grooves 76. For the sixth station, one of the two pins 8 is rounded, and the second round riveting device 62 is connected with the ninth pair of grooves 79, which is the ninth station, and realizes the other pin. After the round riveting of the shaft 8, the finished product moves to the finished product outlet 21 at the eleventh pair of grooves as the work turntable 2 rotates, and the assembly of the chain joint is completed.
图 2为本发明的驱动装置结构示意图, 如图 2所示, 所述驱动装置 1 包括电机 11和间歇分割器 12, 所述间歇分割器 12的输入轴与电机 11的 主轴 111通过同步带连接, 所述间歇分割器 12的输出轴与工作转盘 2的 中心连接, 所述间歇分割器 12为 12等分的间歇分割器 12; 所述电机 11 的主轴 111上还安装有送销轴凸轮 112, 送外片凸轮 113, 第一装片凸轮 114,第二装片凸轮 115, 圆铆凸轮 116和停机凸轮 117,所述送销轴凸轮, 送外片凸轮, 第一装片凸轮, 第二装片凸轮, 圆铆凸轮和停机凸轮分别对 应安装有各自的感应器 118, 所述感应器与控制装置 10相连。  2 is a schematic structural view of a driving device according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the driving device 1 includes a motor 11 and an intermittent splitter 12, and an input shaft of the intermittent splitter 12 and a spindle 111 of the motor 11 are connected by a timing belt. The output shaft of the intermittent splitter 12 is connected to the center of the work turntable 2, the intermittent splitter 12 is a 12-divided intermittent splitter 12; the spindle 111 of the motor 11 is further provided with a feed pin cam 112 , the outer sheet cam 113, the first loading cam 114, the second loading cam 115, the round rivet cam 116 and the stop cam 117, the feed pin cam, the outer sheet cam, the first loading cam, the second The loading cam, the round rivet cam and the stopping cam are respectively provided with respective inductors 118, which are connected to the control device 10.
驱动装置带动工作转盘转动, 具体为驱动装置由电机输入动力, 带动 主轴转动, 主轴通过同步带 (保证工作时无滑动, 传动比恒定) 带动与间 歇分割器的输入轴连接的输入齿轮, 间歇分割器的输出轴连接工作转盘, 选用 12等分的间歇分割器, 工作转盘也设计 12等分的工位, 每个工位有 2个仅能容纳销轴的凹孔。 工作时, 主轴一直匀速转动, 根据设计的齿轮 比, 间歇分割器的输入轴匀速转动, 每转动一圈, 因为选取了 12等分的 间歇分割器, 根据间歇分割器的工作原理, 间歇分割器输出轴转动 30度, 工作转盘也就转动一个工位,从而工作转盘一直在间歇运转,每次转动 30 度后停顿一下。  The driving device drives the working turntable to rotate. Specifically, the driving device inputs power from the motor to drive the spindle to rotate. The spindle passes through the timing belt (guarantee no slip during operation, and the transmission ratio is constant). The input gear connected to the input shaft of the intermittent splitter is intermittently divided. The output shaft of the device is connected to the working turntable, and the intermittent splitter of 12 equal parts is selected. The work turntable is also designed with 12 equal parts. Each station has 2 recesses which can only accommodate the pin. During operation, the spindle rotates at a constant speed. According to the designed gear ratio, the input shaft of the intermittent splitter rotates at a constant speed. For each rotation, because the 12-divided intermittent splitter is selected, according to the working principle of the intermittent splitter, the intermittent splitter The output shaft rotates 30 degrees, and the work dial rotates one station, so that the work dial is always running intermittently, and pauses after each rotation of 30 degrees.
停机凸轮用来控制停机时间, 当用户按动控制面板上的停机按钮, 发 出停机指令, 感应器感应停机凸轮的转动位置, 只有当停机凸轮处于预定 的位置时, 才会停机, 如果停机凸轮未处于预定位置, 则设备继续运行, 直至停机凸轮位于预定位置。这样设计的目的是为了避免中间停机可能引 起的正在进行的各工序发生卡位或其他问题。 The stop cam is used to control the downtime. When the user presses the stop button on the control panel to issue a stop command, the sensor senses the rotational position of the stop cam. Only when the stop cam is in the predetermined position will it stop, if the stop cam is not At the predetermined location, the device continues to run. Until the stop cam is at the predetermined position. The purpose of this design is to avoid the occurrence of jams or other problems in the ongoing processes that may be caused by the intermediate shutdown.
图 3为本发明的送销轴装置结构示意图, 如图 3所示, 所述送销轴装 置 3包括振动盘 31, 所述振动盘具有两个出料口 32, 所述两个出料口 32 分别连接一个落销轴管 33, 所述落料轴管 33—侧设置有由送销轴液压缸 36推动的推送模块 34,所述推送模块 34处安装有推送模块感应器 35,所 述推送模块感应器 35和液压机与控制装置 10相连。  3 is a schematic structural view of a feed pin shaft device of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, the feed pin shaft device 3 includes a vibrating plate 31 having two discharge ports 32, and the two discharge ports A push pin shaft 33 is respectively connected to the drop pin shaft 33, and the push module 34 is disposed on the side of the blanking shaft tube 33, and the push module 34 is mounted on the push module 34. The push module sensor 35 and the hydraulic machine are connected to the control unit 10.
图 4为本发明振动盘输送通道结构示意图, 如图 4所示, 所述振动盘 31内的两条内部输送通道 311上分别设置有第一筛选部 312和第二筛选部 313; 细节图如图 5所示, 所述第一筛选部处的通道为单通道 314, 且单通 道 314的外侧有挡板 315, 内侧无挡板 315; 所述第二筛选部 313为通道 内设置的一段与内部输送通道方向相同的凸筋 316, 且凸筋 316外侧无挡 板 315,所述凸筋 316的尽头设置一个凸台 317,所述凸台 317与凸筋 316 垂直, 且在凸台 317的另一边的通道的外侧设置挡板 315, 所述凸台 317 另一边的通道有一段逐渐收缩。  4 is a schematic structural view of a vibrating plate conveying passage of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4, the two inner conveying passages 311 in the vibrating disc 31 are respectively provided with a first screening portion 312 and a second screening portion 313; As shown in FIG. 5, the channel at the first screening portion is a single channel 314, and the outer side of the single channel 314 has a baffle 315, and the inner side has no baffle 315; the second screening portion 313 is a segment disposed in the channel. The inner conveying channel has the same rib 316 in the same direction, and the outer side of the rib 316 has no baffle 315. The end of the rib 316 is provided with a boss 317 which is perpendicular to the rib 316 and is at the boss 317 A baffle 315 is disposed on the outer side of the other side of the passage, and the passage on the other side of the boss 317 is gradually contracted.
图 9, 图 10为送销轴装置实施例示意图, 如图 9, 图 10所示, 销轴 经过振动盘选择后, 以首尾相接的方式落在落销轴管中, 最下方的一对销 轴正好位于滑道中,推动模块 34带动推送杆推动滑道中的销轴向前运动, 进入前方工作转盘的对应凹槽中, 完成销轴输送。  Figure 9, Figure 10 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the pin-feeding shaft device. As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, after the pin shaft is selected by the vibrating plate, it is dropped into the pin-spinning tube in an end-to-end manner, and the lowermost pair The pin shaft is located in the slideway, and the pushing module 34 drives the pushing rod to push the pin axial forward movement in the slide rail, and enters the corresponding groove of the front working turntable to complete the pin shaft conveying.
图 6为本发明的送外片装置结构示意图, 如图 6所示, 所述送外片装 置 4包括串外片装置 41, 链片托板 42, 送片板 43, 以及与送片板相连接 的送外片液压缸 44,所述送外片液压缸与控制装置相连,所述链片托板位 于串外片装置的下方,所述送片板位于链片托板 42和串外片装置 41之间, 且与第三对凹槽 73相对, 所述送片板处设置有与控制装置连接的送片板 感应器 45。  6 is a schematic structural view of the external film feeding device of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 6, the external film feeding device 4 includes a string outer film device 41, a chain plate 42, a sheet feeding plate 43, and a feeding plate. a connected outer sheet hydraulic cylinder 44, the outer sheet hydraulic cylinder is connected to a control device, the chain plate is located below the string outer device, and the feed plate is located at the chain plate 42 and the outer sheet Between the devices 41, and opposite to the third pair of grooves 73, a sheet feeding plate sensor 45 connected to the control device is disposed at the sheet feeding plate.
串成条的链片叠加在送片板上, 送片板厚度稍低于链片厚度, 后退到 位后, 一个链片掉落在链片托板上, 然后送片板前进, 将该链片输送到转 盘的 2个销轴上面, 然后后退, 继续下一个循环。 图 7为本发明的装片装置结构示意图, 如图 7所示, 所述装片装置 5 包括装片液压缸 51, 以及装片液压缸下端连接的压片装置 52, 所述装片 液压缸 51与控制装置 10相连; 所述压片装置包括压片模, 以及通过弹簧 安装在压片模内部的一对引导撞子, 所述一对引导撞子下部露出压片模, 且与第三对凹槽相对应。 The chain of the chain is superimposed on the feeding plate, and the thickness of the feeding plate is slightly lower than the thickness of the chain. After being retracted into position, a chain piece is dropped on the chain plate, and then the feeding plate is advanced, and the chain is advanced. Transfer to the 2 pins of the turntable, then back, and continue to the next cycle. Figure 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of the loading device of the present invention. As shown in Figure 7, the loading device 5 includes a loading cylinder 51, and a tableting device 52 connected to the lower end of the loading cylinder, the loading cylinder 51 is connected to the control device 10; the tableting device comprises a tableting die, and a pair of guiding handles mounted inside the tableting die by a spring, the pair of guiding the lower portion of the guiding member exposing the tableting die, and the third Corresponds to the groove.
图 13A, 图 13B , 图 13C为链片与销轴压合图, 如图 13A所示,; 链 片 9输送到位,处于销轴 8的正上方,压片模 521的正下方,引导撞子 523 正好位于链片 9中间的圆孔上方, 与销轴 8对应, 此时, 感应器 118感应 到第一装片凸轮 114旋转到预定位置, 控制装置 10发出信号, 装片液压 缸 51推动压片模 521向下运动, 由于引导撞子 523凸出在压片模 521下 部, 引导撞子 523首先与销轴接触, 装片液压缸 51继续推动, 压片模 521 与引导撞子 523之间的弹簧 522压缩, 如图 13B所示, 当压片模 521将要 接触链片 9时, 装片液压缸 51逐渐回位, 压片模上行, 此时, 压片模 521 和引导撞子 523之间的弹簧 522逐渐恢复, 当引导撞子 523和销轴 8即将 脱离时 (弹簧恢复至正常), 处于电机主轴上的第二装片凸轮旋转到一定 角度, 并被感应器感应, 控制装置发出信号控制液压缸下行, 直到压片模 接触链片, 继续下行, 推动压片模向下压链片, 链片下压至合适位置 (露 出销轴) (如图 13C所示), 控制装置控制装片液压缸上行, 完成装片。  Figure 13A, Figure 13B, Figure 13C is a compression diagram of the link and the pin, as shown in Figure 13A; the chain 9 is delivered in position, directly above the pin 8, just below the tablet die 521, guiding the driver 523 is located just above the circular hole in the middle of the chain piece 9, corresponding to the pin 8, at this time, the sensor 118 senses that the first loading cam 114 rotates to a predetermined position, the control device 10 sends a signal, and the loading cylinder 51 pushes the pressure. The sheet mold 521 moves downward, and since the guide plunger 523 protrudes in the lower portion of the tableting mold 521, the guide plunger 523 is first brought into contact with the pin shaft, and the loading cylinder 51 continues to be pushed, between the tableting mold 521 and the guiding plunger 523. The spring 522 is compressed, as shown in Fig. 13B, when the tableting die 521 is about to contact the chain 9, the loading cylinder 51 is gradually returned, and the tableting die is advanced. At this time, the tableting die 521 and the guiding handle 523 are The spring 522 gradually recovers. When the guiding striker 523 and the pin 8 are about to disengage (the spring returns to normal), the second loading cam on the motor main shaft rotates to a certain angle and is sensed by the sensor, and the control device sends out Signal control fluid The cylinder descends until the tablet die contacts the chain, continues to descend, pushes the tablet die down the chain, and the chain is pressed down to the appropriate position (exposure pin) (as shown in Figure 13C), the control device controls the loading The hydraulic cylinder goes up and finishes loading.
图 15A-15E为整个送外片与装片步骤图,送片板推动链片向前运动至 合适位置, 此时送片板依旧位于链片一侧, 压片模处于抬起状态, 装片液 压缸下行, 引导撞子接触销轴, 固定链片, 压片模下行, 送片板回移, 压 片模上行, 至引导撞子将离开销轴, 压片模重新下移, 当压片板二次下移 至链片上时, 送片板已完成回移, 压片板下压, 完成装片。  15A-15E are diagrams of the entire outer sheet and loading step, the feeding plate pushes the chain forward to a proper position, and the feeding plate is still located on one side of the chain, and the pressing die is in a raised state, loading The hydraulic cylinder descends, guides the driver to contact the pin shaft, fixes the chain piece, the tableting die goes down, the feeding plate moves back, the tableting die moves up, and the guiding collision will leave the pin shaft, and the tableting die moves down again, when the tablet is pressed. When the plate is moved down to the chain twice, the feeding plate has been moved back, and the tablet is pressed down to complete the loading.
本发明采用二级控制装片过程, 可靠性更高。 使引导撞子与销轴接触 时间延长, 压片模下压时间较缓, 给送片装置足够的回位时间, 避免由于 压片模下压而送片装置尚未回位, 而导致压片模挤压送片装置, 导致设备 损坏 (例如压片板损坏)。  The invention adopts a secondary control loading process, and the reliability is higher. The contact time between the guiding collet and the pin is prolonged, the pressing time of the pressing die is slow, and the feeding device has sufficient returning time to avoid the feeding device not being returned due to the pressing of the pressing die, thereby causing the pressing die Squeeze the sheet feeding device, resulting in equipment damage (such as damage to the tablet).
图 8为本发明的圆铆装置结构示意图, 如图 8所示, 所述圆铆装置包 括安装在圆铆液压缸输出轴上的圆铆模块,所述输出轴与旋转电机主轴相 连, 所述圆铆模块分别与工作转盘上的第六对凹槽和第九对凹槽相对应。 所述第一圆铆装置对应第六对凹槽的的左侧凹槽,所述第二圆铆装置对应 第九对凹槽的右侧凹槽。 Figure 8 is a schematic structural view of a round riveting device of the present invention, as shown in Figure 8, the round riveting device package The circular rivet module is mounted on the output shaft of the circular rivet cylinder, and the output shaft is connected to the main shaft of the rotary motor, and the round rivet module respectively corresponds to the sixth pair of grooves and the ninth pair of grooves on the working turntable. The first round riveting device corresponds to a left side groove of the sixth pair of grooves, and the second round riveting device corresponds to a right side groove of the ninth pair of grooves.
图 11为本发明铆头方式分析图, 如图 11所示, 销轴未铆头前, 其末 端为一个圆形平面, 铆头时, 圆铆模块在液压缸的推动下有向下运动的趋 势, 同时, 在旋转电机的带动下有旋转趋势, 两个作用力结合在一起, 铆 头某块的运动轨迹为旋转向下, 完成铆头。 本发明所提供的链条接头装配 机, 一共有两个铆头工位, 分别对两个销轴进行铆头。 制得的双脚接头如 图 12A和图 12B所示, 其铆头方式不同于普通的双面铆或四面铆, 得到 的铆头圆滑整齐, 相对于双面铆或四面铆强度更高, 同时也更加美观。 安 装时, 双脚接头的 2根销轴插入链条的首尾套筒内, 然后把弹簧卡片卡入 该卡槽内, 形成完整的一根链条。  Figure 11 is an analysis diagram of the rivet head of the present invention. As shown in Figure 11, the pin end is a circular plane before the rivet, and the rivet module has a downward movement under the push of the hydraulic cylinder. At the same time, there is a tendency to rotate under the driving of the rotating electric machine. The two forces are combined, and the movement track of a piece of the rivet head is rotated downward to complete the rivet head. The chain joint assembling machine provided by the present invention has a total of two rivet stations, and the two pins are respectively riveted. The obtained two-legged joint is as shown in Fig. 12A and Fig. 12B, and the rivet head method is different from the ordinary double-sided rivet or four-sided rivet, and the obtained rivet head is round and tidy, and the strength is higher than that of the double-sided rivet or the four-sided rivet. Also more beautiful. When installing, the two pins of the two-legged joint are inserted into the end sleeve of the chain, and then the spring card is snapped into the slot to form a complete chain.
图 14为本发明的工作转盘运行状态图, 如图 14所示, 驱动装置带动 工作转盘转动, 工作时, 电机主轴一直匀速转动, 间歇分割器的输入轴匀 速转动, 每转动一圈, 间歇分割器输出轴转动 30度, 工作转盘也就转动 一个工位(30度),每次转动 30度后停顿一下,此时, B区为销轴输入部, 利用推送模块将销轴推入工作转盘的凹槽中, 完成推送, 继续转动, 至 C 区时, 由送片板把链片推至销轴上方合适位置, 并采用装片装置压片完成 装片, 工作转盘继续转动, 装片完成的销轴转至 D区, D区的第一圆铆装 置对销轴中的一个进行圆铆, 继续转动至 E区, 第二圆铆装置对另一个销 轴进行圆铆, 工作转盘继续转动, 两个销轴均完成圆铆的双脚接头在工作 转盘的带动下来到成品出口, 离开工作转盘, 完成一个双脚接头的装配。  Figure 14 is a running state diagram of the working turntable of the present invention. As shown in Figure 14, the driving device drives the working turntable to rotate. During operation, the motor main shaft rotates at a constant speed, and the input shaft of the intermittent splitter rotates at a constant speed. The output shaft rotates 30 degrees, and the work dial rotates one station (30 degrees). After each rotation of 30 degrees, it pauses. At this time, the B area is the pin input part, and the push module is used to push the pin into the work turntable. In the groove, the push is completed, and the rotation is continued. When the zone C is pressed, the chain plate is pushed by the feed plate to a suitable position above the pin shaft, and the film is loaded by the loading device to complete the loading, the work turntable continues to rotate, and the loading is completed. The pin shaft is turned to the D zone, and the first round riveting device of the D zone rounds one of the pin shafts, continues to rotate to the E zone, and the second round riveting device rounds the other pin shaft, and the work turntable continues to rotate. The two-pin joints of both pins that are rounded and riveted are driven by the work turntable to the finished product exit, leaving the work turntable to complete the assembly of a two-legged joint.
图 16为本发明的工作步骤图, 如图 16所示, 通过 PLC控制装置开 启本发明所提供的链条接头装配机, 各部件启动, 电机启动, 主轴旋转, 带动主轴上的六个控制凸轮旋转, 各自的感应器也开始工作, 首先送销轴 凸轮旋转到预定位置, 感应器发送信号给控制器, 控制器控制第一工位处 的送销轴装置启动, 将目标销轴输送至工作转盘上的第一凹槽, 输送完成 后, 一个工序结束, 工作转盘转动一个工位, 与此同时电机主轴上的送销 轴凸轮转动一圈,送销轴装置进行下一次送销轴操作,工作转盘继续转动, 目标销轴转至第三对凹槽 (即到达第三个工位), 此时对应的电机主轴上 的送外片凸轮转至预定位置, 控制装置控制送外片装置推送外片, 外片推 送至合适位置时, 电机主轴上的第一装片凸轮转至预定位置, 控制装置控 制装片装置启动, 当装片装置的引导撞子将要离开销轴时, 电机主轴上的 第二装片凸轮转至预定位置, 控制装置控制装片液压缸下行推送压片模, 直至链片到达预定位置, 液压缸上行, 完成装片, 电机主轴继续转动, 带 动工作转盘和主轴上的数个凸轮一起转动,完成装片的目标销轴转至第六 对凹槽 (即达到第六工位), 与此同时, 电机主轴上的圆铆凸轮转至预定 位置,控制装置控制第一圆铆装置和第二圆铆装置进行圆铆(连续生产中, 第一圆铆装置和第二圆铆装置的工位处均有完成装片的销轴), 实现对完 成装片的销轴的一次圆铆, 工作转盘继续转动, 至第九对凹槽时(第九工 位), 进行第二次圆铆, 工作转盘继续转动, 完成装配的链条接头从第十 一对凹槽处离开工作转盘。 Figure 16 is a working step diagram of the present invention. As shown in Figure 16, the chain joint assembly machine provided by the present invention is opened by a PLC control device, each component is started, the motor is started, the spindle is rotated, and the six control cams on the spindle are rotated. The respective sensors also start to work. First, the pin shaft cam rotates to a predetermined position, the sensor sends a signal to the controller, and the controller controls the feed pin device at the first station to start, and delivers the target pin to the work carousel. The first groove on the upper end, after the conveyance is completed, one process ends, the work turntable rotates one station, and at the same time, the feed pin on the motor main shaft When the shaft cam rotates one turn, the feed pin shaft device performs the next feed pin shaft operation, the work turntable continues to rotate, and the target pin shaft rotates to the third pair of grooves (ie, reaches the third station), at which time the corresponding motor spindle is The outer film cam is rotated to a predetermined position, and the control device controls the outer film device to push the outer piece. When the outer piece is pushed to the appropriate position, the first loading cam on the motor main shaft is rotated to a predetermined position, and the control device controls the loading device to start. When the guiding kick of the loading device is about to leave the pin, the second loading cam on the motor main shaft is rotated to a predetermined position, and the control device controls the loading hydraulic cylinder to push the pressing die downward until the chain reaches the predetermined position, the hydraulic pressure When the cylinder is up, the loading is completed, the motor spindle continues to rotate, and the working turntable and several cams on the main shaft are rotated together, and the target pin of the loading piece is turned to the sixth pair of grooves (ie, reaching the sixth station), and At the same time, the circular rivet cam on the motor main shaft is rotated to a predetermined position, and the control device controls the first round rivet device and the second round rivet device for round riveting (in the continuous production, the first round riveting And the pin of the second round riveting device has a pin for completing the loading), realizing a round riveting of the pin for completing the loading, the working turntable continues to rotate, to the ninth pair of grooves (the ninth station) ), for the second round riveting, the work turntable continues to rotate, and the assembled chain joint exits the work turntable from the eleventh pair of grooves.
即本发明的主轴上安装了 6个控制凸轮, 分别控制送销轴装置、 送外 片装置、 装片装置(需用 2个凸轮)、 圆铆装置(2个圆铆装置共用一个凸 轮)、 停机定位。 每一个凸轮对应一个感应器, 感应器接收到凸轮的凸出 面靠近时, 发个 PLC信号, PLC输出信号驱动该装置的油缸向前动作, 当凸出面远离感应器时, 同理, 油缸后退。 另外, 本发明所提供的链条接头装配机, 在送销轴装置和送外片装置 上还安装了限位感应器。 如果送销轴装置的推送模块在推送过程中, 前方 发生堵塞, 不能推送到位, 此处的推送模块感应器在预定时间感应不到推 送模块到位的信息, 向控制装置发送信息, PLC控制装置将会指示报警装 置发出报警信号; 同理, 送片板不能顺利到达或退回预定位置时, 送片板 感应器也会向控制装置发送信号, 控制装置指示报警。  That is, six control cams are mounted on the main shaft of the present invention, and the feed pin shaft device, the outer sheet feeding device, the loading device (two cams are required), and the round riveting device (two circular riveting devices share one cam) are respectively controlled. Stop positioning. Each cam corresponds to a sensor. When the sensor receives the convex surface of the cam, it sends a PLC signal. The PLC output signal drives the cylinder of the device to move forward. When the protruding surface is away from the sensor, the cylinder retreats. Further, in the chain joint assembling machine of the present invention, a limit sensor is mounted on the feed pin shaft device and the outer sheet feeding device. If the push module of the feed pin device is in the process of pushing, the front is blocked and cannot be pushed to the position. Here, the push module sensor does not sense the information of the push module in place at a predetermined time, and sends information to the control device, and the PLC control device will The alarm device will be instructed to issue an alarm signal. Similarly, when the feed plate cannot be successfully reached or returned to the predetermined position, the blade sensor will also send a signal to the control device, and the control device will indicate the alarm.
本发明采用停机凸轮进行停机控制, 当按动停机按钮时, 并不马上停 机, PLC控制装置继续等待停机凸轮的信号, 当停机凸轮的凸出面(即停 机凸轮转动至预定位置, 各工序在此状态下均处于待命状态, 停机安全) 靠近感应器的感应头时, 才进行停机, 采用这种停机控制方法, 停机只有 在各工序退回时进行, 避免了各个工序都在正在运行时突然停机, 导致废 品产生, 同时也便于检修或者下次开机能可靠工作。 The invention adopts a stop cam for stopping control. When the stop button is pressed, the PLC control device continues to wait for the signal of the stop cam. When the stop cam is protruded (ie, the stop cam rotates to a predetermined position, each process is here) In the state of being in a standby state, the shutdown is safe. When the sensor head is close to the sensor, the shutdown is performed. With this shutdown control method, the shutdown is only When each process is returned, it avoids the sudden stop of each process while it is running, resulting in waste, and it is also easy to repair or work reliably next time.
以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的实施方式, 其描述较为具体和详 细, 但并不能因此而理解为对本发明专利范围的限制。 应当指出的是, 对 于本领域的普通技术人员来说, 在不脱离本发明构思的前提下, 还可以做 出若干变形和改进, 这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 因此, 本发明专利的 保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。  The above-mentioned embodiments are merely illustrative of the embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention. It should be noted that a number of variations and modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Therefore, the scope of the invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims

权 利 要 求 书 Claim
1. 一种链条接头装配机, 其特征在于: 包括驱动装置、 工作转盘、 送 销轴装置、 送外片装置、 装片装置、 圆铆装置和控制装置, 所述圆铆装置 包括第一圆铆装置和第二圆铆装置; A chain joint assembling machine, comprising: a driving device, a working turntable, a pin feeding shaft device, an outer sheet feeding device, a loading device, a round riveting device and a control device, wherein the round riveting device comprises a first circle Riveting device and second round riveting device;
所述驱动装置与工作转盘相连接, 所述工作转盘外侧均匀设置有 12 对凹槽, 所述送销轴装置与第一对凹槽相连, 所述送外片装置和装片装置 与第三对凹槽相连, 所述第一圆铆装置与第六对凹槽相连, 所述第二圆铆 装置与第九对凹槽相连, 所述第十一对凹槽处设置有成品出口;  The driving device is connected to the working turntable, and the working turntable is evenly disposed with 12 pairs of grooves on the outer side, the pin feeding shaft device is connected with the first pair of grooves, and the outer sheet feeding device and the loading device and the third pair The first round riveting device is connected to the sixth pair of grooves, the second round riveting device is connected to the ninth pair of grooves, and the eleventh pair of grooves are provided with a finished product outlet;
所述控制装置控制驱动装置, 送销轴装置, 送外片装置, 装片装置, 第一圆铆装置和第二圆铆装置。  The control device controls the driving device, the pin feed shaft device, the outer sheet feeding device, the loading device, the first round riveting device and the second round riveting device.
2. 根据权利要求 1所述的链条接头装配机,其特征在于:所述驱动装 置包括电机和间歇分割器,所述间歇分割器的输入轴与电机的主轴通过同 步带连接, 所述间歇分割器的输出轴与工作转盘的中心连接, 所述间歇分 割器为 12等分的间歇分割器; 所述电机的主轴上还安装有送销轴凸轮,送外片凸轮,第一装片凸轮, 第二装片凸轮, 圆铆凸轮和停机凸轮, 所述送销轴凸轮, 送外片凸轮, 第 一装片凸轮, 第二装片凸轮, 圆铆凸轮和停机凸轮分别对应安装有各自的 感应器, 所述感应器与控制装置相连。  2. The chain joint assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein said driving device comprises a motor and an intermittent splitter, and an input shaft of said intermittent splitter is coupled to a main shaft of the motor via a timing belt, said intermittent splitting The output shaft of the device is connected to the center of the working turntable, and the intermittent splitter is an intermittent splitter with 12 equal divisions; the spindle of the motor is also provided with a pin-feeding cam, an outer cam, and a first loading cam. a second loading cam, a circular rivet cam and a stopping cam, the feeding pin cam, the sending outer cam, the first loading cam, the second loading cam, the round rivet cam and the stopping cam respectively respectively corresponding to the sensing The sensor is connected to the control device.
3. 根据权利要求 1所述的链条接头装配机,其特征在于:所述送销轴 装置包括振动盘, 所述振动盘具有两个出料口, 所述两个出料口分别连接 一个落销轴管, 所述落料轴管一侧设置有由送销轴液压缸推动的推送模 块, 所述推送模块处安装有推送模块感应器, 所述推送模块感应器和送销 轴液压缸与控制装置相连。  3. The chain joint assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein the feed pin shaft device comprises a vibrating plate, the vibrating plate has two discharge ports, and the two discharge ports are respectively connected to one falling port. a pin tube, a pushing module driven by a pin shaft hydraulic cylinder is disposed on one side of the blanking tube, a pushing module sensor is installed at the pushing module, and the pushing module sensor and the pin shaft hydraulic cylinder are The control devices are connected.
4. 根据权利要求 3所述的链条接头装配机, 其特征在于: 所述振动盘内的两条内部输送通道上分别设置有第一筛选部和第二 筛选部;  The chain joint assembling machine according to claim 3, wherein: the two inner conveying passages in the vibrating tray are respectively provided with a first screening portion and a second screening portion;
所述第一筛选部处的通道为单通道, 且单通道的外侧有挡板, 内侧无 挡板; The channel at the first screening portion is a single channel, and the outer side of the single channel has a baffle, and the inner side has no Baffle
所述第二筛选部为通道内设置的一段与内部输送通道方向相同的凸 筋, 且凸筋外侧无挡板, 所述凸筋的尽头设置一个凸台, 所述凸台与凸筋 垂直, 且在凸台的另一边的通道的外侧设置挡板, 所述凸台另一边的通道 有一段逐渐收缩。  The second screening portion is a rib provided in the channel in the same direction as the inner conveying passage, and the outer side of the rib is not baffle, and a boss is disposed at the end of the rib, and the boss is perpendicular to the rib. And a baffle is disposed on the outer side of the channel on the other side of the boss, and the channel on the other side of the boss gradually shrinks.
5. 根据权利要求 1所述的链条接头装配机,其特征在于:所述送外片 装置包括串外片装置, 链片托板, 送片板, 以及与送片板相连接的送外片 液压缸, 所述送外片液压缸与控制装置相连, 所述链片托板位于串外片装 置的下方, 所述送片板位于链片托板和串外片装置之间, 且与第三对凹槽 相对, 所述送片板处设置有与控制装置连接的送片板感应器。  5. The chain joint assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein said outer sheet feeding device comprises a string outer sheet device, a chain sheet tray, a sheet feeding sheet, and an outer sheet connected to the sheet feeding sheet. a hydraulic cylinder, the outer cylinder hydraulic cylinder is connected to the control device, the chain pallet is located below the string outer device, and the feeding plate is located between the chain pallet and the string outer device, and The three pairs of grooves are opposite to each other, and the sheet feeding plate is provided with a sheet feeding plate sensor connected to the control device.
6. 根据权利要求 1所述的链条接头装配机,其特征在于:所述装片装 置包括装片液压缸, 以及装片液压缸下端连接的压片装置, 所述装片液压 缸与控制装置相连;  6. The chain joint assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein said loading device comprises a loading hydraulic cylinder, and a pressing device connected to a lower end of the loading hydraulic cylinder, said loading hydraulic cylinder and said control device Connected
所述压片装置包括压片模, 以及通过弹簧安装在压片模内部的一对引 导撞子, 所述一对引导撞子下部露出压片模, 且与第三对凹槽相对应。  The tableting device includes a tableting die, and a pair of guiding cues mounted inside the tableting die by a spring, the pair of guiding rams exposing the tableting die and corresponding to the third pair of grooves.
7. 根据权利要求 1所述的链条接头装配机,其特征在于:所述圆铆装 置包括安装在圆铆液压缸输出轴上的圆铆模块,所述输出轴与旋转电机主 轴相连,所述圆铆模块分别与工作转盘上的第六对凹槽和第九对凹槽相对 应。  7. The chain joint assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein said round riveting device comprises a round riveting module mounted on an output shaft of a circular riveting hydraulic cylinder, said output shaft being coupled to a rotating electric machine main shaft, said The round riveting modules respectively correspond to the sixth pair of grooves and the ninth pair of grooves on the work turntable.
8. 根据权利要求 7所述的链条接头装配机,其特征在于:所述第一圆 铆装置对应第六对凹槽的的左侧凹槽,所述第二圆铆装置对应第九对凹槽 的右侧凹槽。  8. The chain joint assembling machine according to claim 7, wherein the first round riveting device corresponds to a left side groove of the sixth pair of grooves, and the second round riveting device corresponds to a ninth pair of concave The groove on the right side of the slot.
9. 根据权利要求 1所述的链条接头装配机,其特征在于:还包括报警 装置, 所述报警装置与控制装置相连。  9. The chain joint assembly machine according to claim 1, further comprising an alarm device, said alarm device being coupled to the control device.
10. 根据权利要求 1所述的链条链头装配机, 其特征在于: 控制装置 为 PLC控制装置。  10. The chain chain head assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein the control device is a PLC control device.
PCT/CN2012/001657 2012-09-26 2012-12-07 Chain connector assembly machine WO2014047755A1 (en)

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CN104493067B (en) * 2014-12-22 2016-08-17 溧阳市超强链条制造有限公司 A kind of slide block device of double strand chain sett frame long pin shaft blanking device
CN104690210A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-06-10 德清华宇链传动有限公司 Automatic assembling device for inner chain link
CN109177589B (en) * 2018-10-17 2020-07-07 温州西通文具有限公司 Lead storage tube feeding device of lead combined machine of propelling pencil
CN109202401B (en) * 2018-10-17 2020-10-23 温州西通文具有限公司 Spring feeding device of pencil lead combined machine of propelling pencil
CN109501488B (en) * 2018-10-17 2020-05-12 温州西通文具有限公司 Combined discharging system of pencil lead combined machine of propelling pencil
CN109623325B (en) * 2018-11-14 2020-09-04 浙江欧凌机床股份有限公司 Low-noise press-fitting system for outer chain links of chain
CN110640440A (en) * 2018-11-14 2020-01-03 浙江欧凌机床股份有限公司 Outer chain link press fitting equipment that commonality is strong
CN109622876A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-04-16 深圳市宏盛佳电子设备有限公司 A kind of chain joint Automated assembly device

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