WO1990012173A1 - A fire-resistant prefabricated steel beam - Google Patents

A fire-resistant prefabricated steel beam Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1990012173A1
WO1990012173A1 PCT/FI1990/000091 FI9000091W WO9012173A1 WO 1990012173 A1 WO1990012173 A1 WO 1990012173A1 FI 9000091 W FI9000091 W FI 9000091W WO 9012173 A1 WO9012173 A1 WO 9012173A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
web
steel
portions
web portions
concrete
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FI1990/000091
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jorma Kyckling
Pertti Levo
Pekka Nykyri
Original Assignee
Deltatek Oy
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FI891772A priority Critical patent/FI891772A/en
Priority to FI891772 priority
Priority to FI900985A priority patent/FI85745C/en
Priority to FI900985 priority
Application filed by Deltatek Oy filed Critical Deltatek Oy
Publication of WO1990012173A1 publication Critical patent/WO1990012173A1/en
Priority claimed from NO914010A external-priority patent/NO177069C/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C3/06Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with substantially solid, i.e. unapertured, web
    • E04C3/065Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with substantially solid, i.e. unapertured, web with special adaptations for the passage of cables or conduits through the web
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/92Protection against other undesired influences or dangers
    • E04B1/94Protection against other undesired influences or dangers against fire
    • E04B1/941Building elements specially adapted therefor
    • E04B1/943Building elements specially adapted therefor elongated
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/17Floor structures partly formed in situ
    • E04B5/23Floor structures partly formed in situ with stiffening ribs or other beam-like formations wholly or partly prefabricated
    • E04B5/29Floor structures partly formed in situ with stiffening ribs or other beam-like formations wholly or partly prefabricated the prefabricated parts of the beams consisting wholly of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/29Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures
    • E04C3/293Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures the materials being steel and concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to a fire-resistant prefabricated steel beam arranged to act together with concrete as a load-bearing jointing construction for various slabs. The beam comprises two web portions and horizontally projecting flange portions extending beyond the web portions. To achieve a simple beam easy to install at least each web portion (2) with its horizontally projecting flange portion (1) is formed by an integral material strip so that the web portion (2) and the projecting flange portion adjoining it form a jointless entity and so that the web portion (2) is in a slanting position with respect to the flange portion. The web portions (2) are arranged side by side so as to slant towards each other and interconnected at edges closer to each other by means of a horizontal upper part (3). The edges of the web portions (2) farther apart from each other are interconnected by means of a plate (4) welded to the web portions. Openings (14) are formed close to the upper edges of the web portions (2) and/or in the horizontal upper part (3) to fill the space defined between the upper part (3) of the web portions (2) and the plate (4) with concrete in a manner known per se.

Description

A fire-resistant prefabricated steel beam
The invention relates to a fire-resistant pre¬ fabricated steel beam arranged to act together with concrete as a load-bearing jointing structure for various slabs and comprising two web portions and horizontally projecting flange portions extending beyond the web portions.
The frame of a prefabricated building is often formed by floor and ceiling structures carried by columns and beams. As the beams act as horizontal load-bearing structures, they have to be sufficiently rigid, that is, about 500 to 800 mm high when made of steel concrete. For heat, water, ventilation and electricity installations, the beams have to be per¬ forated or the height of the floor structure has to be increased correspondingly. In certain cases the high beam structure has been replaced with a lowered beam structure, whereby the web of the beam remains within the floor structure. The height of the lowered beam has been minimized by prestressing, for in¬ stance. Technically, a jaw beam is more difficult to manufacture than a normal beam, and the minimum thickness of the lowered portion will nevertheless be 100 to 150 mm.
Beams are also often manufactured of steel. Steel beams are easier to manufacture than pre¬ fabricated concrete beams in addition to which they are light to transport and install. Moreover, steel beams are easier to modify at the working site. As steel beams do not require grouting and are light to displace, they can be installed more rapidly than concrete beams. By adjusting the building to the frame construction timetable, the total building time can be decreased. In case of fire the strength of steel deteriorates with increasing temperature, wherefore a steel beam has to be protected from fire. The fire protection is preferably made by embedding the steel profile in a concrete floor structure, whereby the lower flange only has to be protected. The protection is made either by covering the lower flange with a fire-resistant plate, insulation, paint or spray. For reasons of appearance, the piping and the fire protection are often covered with a so- called suspended ceiling.
This way of fire protection has led to the use of low hat profiles approximately of the same height as the floor unit. In the hat profile the lower flange of a rectangular basic beam is broader than the rest of the beam, thus forming projections for the floor units. Since the structure is low, the steel cannot be utilized optimally with regard to the rigidity of the structure. Despite the extra steel kilos, the hat beam (THQ beam) has been used rather widely in business buildings, for instance, so as to utilize the building volume as efficiently as possible by means of the low floor structure. Con¬ siderable savings have also been obtained by means of the low floor structure in special cases where it would otherwise have been necessary to increase the depth of foundation and support the foundations of adjacent buildings on urban building sites.
The use of steel beams has been restricted mainly by the span length. With long span lengths the beam structure is very heavy and it has been neces¬ sary to camber the beams to eliminate deflections. With ever increasing construction costs, buildings are today built so that they can be modified later on for other uses. Such versatility is obtained by long floor units and sparse supporting structures by dis- placing light partition walls. In view of the manufacturing technique, long beams are difficult to handle, appropriate cambering has to be provided ac¬ cording to the span length despite the thermal stresses caused by welding, and the welding time in¬ creases with increasing plate thickness.
To eliminate the above drawbacks, it has more recently been suggested to use a combined structure of a steel beam and concrete. An example of such sol- utions would be the solution of FI Patent Application 882186. A steel beam of such a combined structure is lighter and can be used with longer span lengths than previously. The steel beam of FI Patent Application 882186 requires less welding as the beam is formed by profile parts preformed by hot rolling. However, the solution of FI Patent Application 882186 is com¬ plicated to manufacture because the inserts joining the different materials increase the amount of re¬ quired welding and the great number of small pieces complicates the manufacture of the beam.
The object of the invention is to provide a steel beam to be used with concrete, which avoids the drawbacks of prior 'art. This is achieved by means of a beam of the invention, which is characterized in that at least each web portion with its horizontally projecting flange portion is formed by an integral material strip so that the web portion and the pro¬ jecting flange portion adjoining it form a jointless entity and so that the web portion is in a slanting position with respect to the flange portion, the web portions being arranged side by side so as to slant towards each other and interconnected at edges closer to each other by means of a horizontal upper part, and at edges farther apart from each other by means of a plate welded to the web portions, and openings being formed close to the upper edges of the web por¬ tions and/or in the horizontal upper part to fill the space defined between the upper part of the web portions and the plate with concrete in a manner known per se. As to the advantages offered by the in¬ vention, it is to be mentioned generally that in addition to all the above-mentioned good properties of a steel beam, i.e. easy adaptability to the frame system of the working site, low and light structure, rapid installation, and simple installation of heat, water, ventilation and electricity, the invention offers other considerable advantages.
The beam of the invention is so designed that its steel parts carry the loads of the slab units during installation. The casing formed by the steel beam and the gap defined between the slabs and the steel profile are filled up in connection with the pouring of concrete into the joints of the slabs. In a finished structure, the beam of the invention carries the loads exerted on it due to the adhesion between concrete and steel. The beam is also suited for use together with a jointing slab to be cast on site. The slab and the beam can thus be concreted in one step. The beam of the invention can be fabricated on an automated line, optimizing the required welding in accordance with the required rigidity. The web portions can be simply perforated to improve adhe¬ sion. Projections possibly remaining on the edges of the holes or openings in connection with the perfora- tion improve adhesion between the concrete and the steel. The openings are positioned, for instance, in the upper portion of the slanting web portions, so the grout passes easily inside the beam. The slanting web portions of the beam also enable the slab units to be placed quite close to the bends of the project- ing flange portions without hampering the grouting. For this reason, the jaw is strained to a lesser extent than in solutions in which a separate casting space has to be left between the slab unit and the vertical web portion of the beam. The shape advanta¬ geous in case of fire and the pouring of concrete into the joints of the floor units wedge the slabs in place, leaving the projecting flanges solely for the installation of the units. The draw flange of the beam, positioned within the profile can be protected from fire in advance in connection with the manu¬ facture of the beam unit without increasing the height of the floor structure. The projecting flanges protect the fire protection layer during transport and installation. The fire protection layer may also be protected from mechanical wear and damages by means of a thin plate attached to the projecting flanges.
In the following the invention will be de- scribed by means of preferred embodiments shown in the attached drawing, in which
Figure 1 is a cross-sectional view of a beam of the invention;
Figure 2 is a side view of the beam of the in- vention;
Figure 3 illustrates the attachment of the beam of the invention to a vertical structure;
Figure 4 is a side view of another embodiment of the attachment of the beam of the invention to a vertical structure;
Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the beam of the invention;
Figure 6 is a block diagram of an automated production line of the beam of the invention; and Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view of still another embodiment of the beam of the invention.
Figure 1 is a cross-sectional view of the beam of the invention in a situation where slabs rest on the beam and concrete has been poured inside the beam and into the gaps between the beam and the slabs. In the beam of Figure 1, each web portion 2 with an ad¬ joining horizontally projecting flange portion 1 is made of an integral material strip. The web portions 2 are in a slanted position with respect to the pro- jecting flanges 1. The web portion 2 and the project¬ ing flange portion 1 adjoining it may be formed, e.g., by bending from a suitable strip of steel.
The two web portions 2 with the projecting flanges 1 are positioned side by side so that the web portions slant towards each other and are inter¬ connected at the edges closer to each other by means of a horizontal upper part 3. The horizontal upper part 3 may be formed by a separate material strip, such as a steel strip, which is welded to the upper edges of the web portions.
In the embodiment of Figure 1, the two entities formed by the web portion 2 and the projecting flange 1 are completely jointless.
A horizontal steel plate 4 is welded between the edges of the web portions 2 farther apart from each other in such a manner that the plate acts both as a lower mould wall for the concrete 8 to be poured inside the basic profile and as a lower flange bear¬ ing the loads of the beam. In the example of the fig- ure, the plate 4 is positioned higher than the level of the lower surfaces of the projecting flanges 1. This arrangement enables the beam to be protected 10 from fire without increasing its structural thick¬ ness. Shoulders 12 may be attached to the web por- tions 2 slanting towards each other. The plate 4 forming the lower flange rests on the shoulders during welding.
To fill the beam with concrete, the slanting web portions are provided with holes or openings 14. To ensure adhesion between the steel and the con¬ crete, the edges of the openings 14 are provided with prodlike or platelike projections 5 at the fabrica¬ tion stage, for instance. Suspension rods 6 made of steel pass from the upper edge of the beam to the lower edge of the slabs to be supported. The suspension rods increase the ability of the beams to support the slabs together with a wedgelike concrete part 7 formed outside the beam when the beam is being concreted. In addition to the suspension rods 6 it is . also possible to use gripping hooks 18 which efficiently anchor the wedge¬ like concrete part 7 in position. To increase the rigidity of the beam during installation, the steel area of the upper surface can be increased by means of a steel plate 9 or concrete steels welded under or above the upper part of the basic profile. The use of concrete steels improves the adhesive properties.
At the installation stage the beam is supported in the middle on structures beneath it before the slabs are placed in position. The middle support is removed after the grouting has gained sufficient strength. The use of support during grouting ensures efficient adhesion, which decreases deflection during and after construction so that the need of cambering is reduced. The support decreases substantially the need of steel on the compression side caused by stresses occurring during installation.
Figure 2 shows the beam of Figure 1 from the side. The openings in the web portions 2 of the beam are so positioned that no cast cavities are formed under the horizontal upper part 3 of the beam in con¬ nection with concreting. The openings 14 are posi¬ tioned in the web portions close to the upper edges. The openings 14 may also be used for laying re¬ inforcements for slab fields and pipings for heat, water, ventilation and electricity installations.
Figure 3 shows the attachment of the beam of Figures 1 and 2 to a vertical supporting structure or column. The end of the beam is so shaped that a beam bracket 11 can be wholly fitted within the beam. The horizontal upper part of the beam forming the upper flange rests on the bracket, and the beam is tightened to the bracket by means of bolts 13 from the side of the beam against the side of the bracket. The tightening can also be carried out by means of installing wedges. This ensures that the beam has sufficient torsional rigidity during installation. Support torque is produced in the jointing beam by providing the bracket with a concrete reinforcement 15 extending through it before the grouting of the joint. The support torque decreases the deformations of the beam and increases the load carrying capacity. An alternative way of producing support torque is shown in Figure 4. Draw-bars 16 are arranged to go through the column. They are fixed to the end of the beam by means of pinching nuts 17. The nuts are tightened through the opening 14 of the web of the beam. Figure 5 shows another embodiment of the beam of the invention. In this embodiment, the grouting of the beam has been carried out at the fabrication stage. The bending capacity of the beam can be in¬ creased by a prestressing technique conventionally applied to concrete beams. The degree of prestressing can be higher than conventionally as the steel pro¬ file around the concrete efficiently limits the cleaving of concrete, functioning as a kind of web reinforcement. In the embodiment of Figure 5, the horizontal upper part 3 of the beam can be provided with openings or holes 20 through which concrete 21 is poured into the inner space of the beam. The edges of the openings or holes 20 can be provided with pro¬ jections 22 similar to the projections 5 of the open- ings 14 described above. The embodiment of Figure 5 is otherwise structurally similar to the embodiment of Figure 1.
In the embodiment of Figure 5, no additional steels have to be provided on the upper surface of the beam because the beam itself forms a jointing structure at the installation stage. When the beam is bent, the plate 4 receives the tensile stress while the upper portion of the concrete filling of the beam receives the compression stress. Due to the shape of the beam of the invention it can be produced efficiently on an automated production line. Figure 6 is a block diagram of the beam production line. The desired shape of the beam is achieved, e.g., by bending thin steel plate. Holes are made by any suitable means in the web portions, for instance. The projections improving the adhesion are also formed at the perforation stage. The parts are sawed into determined dimensions and the beam is cambered according to its span length if desired. The upper part, the possible additional steel of the upper part, and the plate forming the lower flange, which are flame-cut into dimensions, are cambered so as to correspond to the profile in shape. The welding of the additional steels can be carried out easily by means of an automatic welder by submerged arc welding through welding grooves formed in the corners of the steel plates. Beam head details are welded by robot welding. Finally, the beam is coated and protected from fire if required. Figure 7 shows still another embodiment of the invention. The embodiment of Figure 7 differs from that of Figures 1 and 2 in that projecting flange portions 31, web portions 32 and an upper part 33 are formed by an integral basic profile in Figure 7. The basic profile may be formed by a cold-moulded pro¬ file, for instance. In this embodiment, the project¬ ing flange portions 31, the web portions 32 and the upper part 33 form an integral entity without any joints. The plate forming the lower flange is indicated with the reference numeral 34, the holes with the reference numeral 40, the projections with the reference numeral 42 and the shoulders with the reference numeral 32. Concrete is indicated with the reference numeral 41. The embodiments described above are not in¬ tended to restrict the invention, but the invention can be modified as desired within the scope of the claims. Accordingly, it is obvious that the beam of the invention or its details need not be exactly similar to those shown in the figures but other alternatives are possible as well.

Claims

Claims:
1. A fire-resistant prefabricated steel beam arranged to act together with concrete as a load- bearing jointing structure for various slabs and com¬ prising two web portions and horizontally projecting flange portions extending beyond the web portions, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that at least each web portion (2, 32) with its horizontally projecting flange portion (1, 31) is formed by an integral ma¬ terial strip so that the web portion (2) and the projecting flange portion adjoining it form a join - less entity and so that the web portion (2, 32) is in a slanting position with respect to the flange por- tion, the web portions (2) being arranged side by side so as to slant towards each other and inter¬ connected at edges closer to each other by means of a horizontal upper part (3, 33), and at edges farther apart from each other by means of a plate (4, 34) welded to the web portions, and openings (14, 20, 40) being formed close to the upper edges of the web por¬ tions (2, 32) and/or in the horizontal upper part (3, 33) to fill the space defined between the upper part (3, 33) of the web portions (2, 32) and the plate (4, 34) with concrete in a manner known per se.
2. A steel beam according to claim 1, c h a r ¬ a c t e r i z e d in that the upper part (3) inter¬ connecting the web portions (2) at the edges closer to each other is formed by a separate material strip.
3. A steel beam according to claim 1, c h a r ¬ a c t e r i z e d in that the web portions (32), the projecting flange portions (31) and the horizon¬ tal upper part (33) are formed by an integral basic profile.
4. A steel beam according to claim 1, 2 or 3, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that projections (5, 22, 42) protruding from the plane of the web portion (2, 32) or the upper part (3, 33) are formed in the edges of the openings (14, 20, 40) to ensure adhesion between the concrete and steel.
5. A steel beam according to any of the pre¬ ceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the plate (4, 34) connecting the lower edges of the web portions (2, 32) is positioned above the plane of the lower surfaces of the projecting flange portions (1, 31).
6. A steel beam according to any of the pre¬ ceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that at least one additional steel plate (9) and/or concrete steel is attached to the horizontal upper part (3, 33).
PCT/FI1990/000091 1989-04-13 1990-04-04 A fire-resistant prefabricated steel beam WO1990012173A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI891772A FI891772A (en) 1989-04-13 1989-04-13 Brandsaeker foertillverkad staolbalk.
FI891772 1989-04-13
FI900985A FI85745C (en) 1989-04-13 1990-02-27 Fireproof prefabricated steel beam
FI900985 1990-02-27

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE69010326T DE69010326T2 (en) 1989-04-13 1990-04-04 Plate carrier system.
EP90905525A EP0467912B1 (en) 1989-04-13 1990-04-04 Slab support system
NO914010A NO177069C (en) 1989-04-13 1991-10-11 Refractory prefabricated steel beam

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1990012173A1 true WO1990012173A1 (en) 1990-10-18

Family

ID=26158541

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FI1990/000091 WO1990012173A1 (en) 1989-04-13 1990-04-04 A fire-resistant prefabricated steel beam

Country Status (8)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0467912B1 (en)
KR (1) KR0171608B1 (en)
AT (1) AT107990T (en)
AU (1) AU636603B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2051393C (en)
DE (1) DE69010326T2 (en)
FI (1) FI85745C (en)
WO (1) WO1990012173A1 (en)

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994016169A1 (en) * 1993-01-13 1994-07-21 Deltatek Oy Prefabricated steel-concrete composite beam
WO1994019560A1 (en) * 1993-02-17 1994-09-01 Deltatek Oy Prefabricated steel-concrete composite beam
DE29719057U1 (en) * 1997-10-27 1997-12-11 Menke Gerhard Column-like precast concrete part
WO2002075068A1 (en) * 2001-03-19 2002-09-26 Obschestvo S Ogranichennoi Otvetstvennostju 'profil Xxi Vek' A section-shaped beam for carrying out concrete work
WO2003004791A1 (en) * 2001-07-02 2003-01-16 Ekobalk Oy Building bar system
EP1278922A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2003-01-29 Flex-Frame L.L.C Open web dissymmetric beam construction
NL1020608C2 (en) * 2002-05-16 2003-11-18 Constructiewerkplaats G C Gr N System incorporates at least steel girders, particularly for use in steel and/or concrete skeletal structures
WO2003100185A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Teräspeikko Oy Steel beam
EP1416101A1 (en) * 2002-10-31 2004-05-06 Tartuntamarkkinointi Oy Composite beam
WO2004090253A1 (en) * 2003-04-10 2004-10-21 Teräspeikko Oy Steel beam
ES2220236A1 (en) * 2004-06-24 2004-12-01 Hormigones Prefabricados De España, S.A. Multiplant building structure, has work holding part holding in work of self-supporting beams and armor elements crossing junction of pillars and extended in preslab direction, and hyper-static knots placed in situ concrete
WO2007141370A1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2007-12-13 Rautaruukki Oyj Steel plate beam and manufacturing method of such
ES2369678A1 (en) * 2009-07-07 2011-12-05 Idoc Ingenieros S.L. Beam loaded for forged planes. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
WO2016005660A1 (en) 2014-07-11 2016-01-14 Peikko Group Oy Steel beam
CN108291401A (en) * 2015-09-01 2018-07-17 法尔福股份有限公司 For the supporting beam of ceiling system, ceiling system and its manufacturing method
ES2681568A1 (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-09-13 Universitat Politècnica De València FLAT BEAM WITH IMPROVED FIRE RESISTANCE FOR STEEL-CONCRETE FORGINGS AND ITS MANUFACTURING PROCEDURE (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
EP3348732B1 (en) 2017-01-16 2020-02-26 Anstar Oy Support for a hollow-core slab
WO2020167190A1 (en) * 2019-02-14 2020-08-20 Västsvenska Stålkonstruktioner Aktiebolag Fire resistant floor beam with flanges and heat insulation
ES2783890A1 (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-18 Univ Valencia Politecnica BEAM IN MIXED STEEL-CONCRETE BOX (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

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US5590266A (en) * 1994-10-11 1996-12-31 International Business Machines Corporation Integrity mechanism for data transfer in a windowing system
FI118816B (en) 2002-05-29 2008-03-31 Teraespeikko Oy Method and means for producing a steel beam
AT315143T (en) 2002-10-05 2006-02-15 Dywidag Systems Int Gmbh Steel-verbund construction for flooring
DE202004018655U1 (en) 2004-12-02 2005-04-21 Velthorst Beheer B.V. Steel composite beam with fire-protected support for ceiling elements

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3397497A (en) * 1966-11-28 1968-08-20 Inland Steel Products Company Deck system
DE2339638B2 (en) * 1973-08-04 1978-06-22 Walter Dr.-Ing. 6101 Rossdorf Sowa
DE2431913A1 (en) * 1974-07-03 1976-01-22 Walter Dr Ing Sowa Steel units for composite floors - has downwardly opening channel with longitudinal series of perforations
EP0292449B1 (en) * 1987-05-11 1991-07-03 Jörgen Thor Fire resistant steel beam coacting with concrete

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994016169A1 (en) * 1993-01-13 1994-07-21 Deltatek Oy Prefabricated steel-concrete composite beam
US5560176A (en) * 1993-01-13 1996-10-01 Deltatek Oy Prefabricated steel-concrete composite beam
AU680648B2 (en) * 1993-01-13 1997-08-07 Deltatek Oy Prefabricated steel-concrete composite beam
WO1994019560A1 (en) * 1993-02-17 1994-09-01 Deltatek Oy Prefabricated steel-concrete composite beam
DE29719057U1 (en) * 1997-10-27 1997-12-11 Menke Gerhard Column-like precast concrete part
EP1278922A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2003-01-29 Flex-Frame L.L.C Open web dissymmetric beam construction
EP1278922A4 (en) * 2000-04-26 2007-01-03 Girder Slab Technologies Llc Open web dissymmetric beam construction
WO2002075068A1 (en) * 2001-03-19 2002-09-26 Obschestvo S Ogranichennoi Otvetstvennostju 'profil Xxi Vek' A section-shaped beam for carrying out concrete work
WO2003004791A1 (en) * 2001-07-02 2003-01-16 Ekobalk Oy Building bar system
NL1020608C2 (en) * 2002-05-16 2003-11-18 Constructiewerkplaats G C Gr N System incorporates at least steel girders, particularly for use in steel and/or concrete skeletal structures
WO2003100185A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Teräspeikko Oy Steel beam
EP1416101A1 (en) * 2002-10-31 2004-05-06 Tartuntamarkkinointi Oy Composite beam
WO2004090253A1 (en) * 2003-04-10 2004-10-21 Teräspeikko Oy Steel beam
ES2220236A1 (en) * 2004-06-24 2004-12-01 Hormigones Prefabricados De España, S.A. Multiplant building structure, has work holding part holding in work of self-supporting beams and armor elements crossing junction of pillars and extended in preslab direction, and hyper-static knots placed in situ concrete
WO2007141370A1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2007-12-13 Rautaruukki Oyj Steel plate beam and manufacturing method of such
ES2369678A1 (en) * 2009-07-07 2011-12-05 Idoc Ingenieros S.L. Beam loaded for forged planes. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
WO2016005660A1 (en) 2014-07-11 2016-01-14 Peikko Group Oy Steel beam
CN108291401A (en) * 2015-09-01 2018-07-17 法尔福股份有限公司 For the supporting beam of ceiling system, ceiling system and its manufacturing method
CN108291401B (en) * 2015-09-01 2021-03-16 法尔福股份有限公司 Support beam for ceiling system, ceiling system and method for manufacturing the same
US10407910B2 (en) 2015-09-01 2019-09-10 Pfeifer Holding Gmbh & Co. Kg Supporting beam for slab systems, slab system and method for the production thereof
EP3348732B1 (en) 2017-01-16 2020-02-26 Anstar Oy Support for a hollow-core slab
ES2732719A1 (en) * 2018-05-23 2019-11-25 Univ Valencia Politecnica FLAT BEAM WITH IMPROVED FIRE RESISTANCE FOR STEEL-CONCRETE FORGINGS AND ITS MANUFACTURING PROCEDURE (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
ES2681568A1 (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-09-13 Universitat Politècnica De València FLAT BEAM WITH IMPROVED FIRE RESISTANCE FOR STEEL-CONCRETE FORGINGS AND ITS MANUFACTURING PROCEDURE (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
WO2020167190A1 (en) * 2019-02-14 2020-08-20 Västsvenska Stålkonstruktioner Aktiebolag Fire resistant floor beam with flanges and heat insulation
ES2783890A1 (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-18 Univ Valencia Politecnica BEAM IN MIXED STEEL-CONCRETE BOX (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

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CA2051393A1 (en) 1990-10-14
KR0171608B1 (en) 1999-02-18
FI900985A0 (en) 1990-02-27
AU5359990A (en) 1990-11-05
EP0467912A1 (en) 1992-01-29
AU636603B2 (en) 1993-05-06
DE69010326D1 (en) 1994-08-04
KR920701595A (en) 1992-08-12
CA2051393C (en) 1995-09-05
EP0467912B1 (en) 1994-06-29
AT107990T (en) 1994-07-15
DE69010326T2 (en) 1994-10-20
FI85745C (en) 1993-02-23
FI85745B (en) 1992-02-14
FI900985D0 (en)

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