US791814A - Wrench. - Google Patents

Wrench. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US791814A
US791814A US21199704A US1904211997A US791814A US 791814 A US791814 A US 791814A US 21199704 A US21199704 A US 21199704A US 1904211997 A US1904211997 A US 1904211997A US 791814 A US791814 A US 791814A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
jaw
wrench
stock
jaws
movement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US21199704A
Inventor
Will M Pitzer
Original Assignee
Will M Pitzer
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Will M Pitzer filed Critical Will M Pitzer
Priority to US21199704A priority Critical patent/US791814A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US791814A publication Critical patent/US791814A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/16Connecting or disconnecting pipe couplings or joints
    • E21B19/161Connecting or disconnecting pipe couplings or joints using a wrench or a spinner adapted to engage a circular section of pipe

Description

I PATENTED JUNE 6 ,1905. W. M. PITZER WRENCH.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 10.1904.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
Wilts Lama I PATENTED JUNE 6', 192m w. M. PITZER. v
WRENCH.
APPflIGATIOK FILED JUNE 10, 1904.
2 sums-SHEET z.
/ gwpeht oz Patented June 6,1905.
PATENT OFFICE.
WILL M. PITZER, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.
WRENCH.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. '7 91,814, dated June 6, 1905.
Application filed June 10, 1904. Serial No. 211,997.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILL M. P ITZER, a citizen of the United States, residing at San Francisco, in the county of San Francisco, State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Wrenches; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to wrenches, and more particularly to those designed for grasping pipe or other bodies having curved surfaces, and has for its object to provide a wrench of this nature which will be provided with jaws entirely encircling the body with which the wrench is engaged, so that the wrench may not be accidentally disengaged therefrom, and in which movement of the handle of the wrench in one direction will cause the jaws of the wrench to tightly engage the body to move the body with the wrench, movement of the handle in the opposite direction acting to' move the jaws out of engagement with the body to permit the wrench to be moved freely with respect to the body.
A further object is to provide a wrench so constructed that when in use pipe or other hollow bodies will'not be crushed thereby.
' In the drawings forming a portion of this specification, and in which like numerals of reference indicate similar parts in the several views, Figure 1 is a side elevation of the complete wrench. Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing one of the jawplates removed. Fig. 3 is an edge view of the wrench. Fig. 4: is a longitudinal section on line 4 4 of Fig. 3.
Referring now to the drawings, the present invention comprises a stock 5, which may be provided at one end with a wooden grip 6 and which is provided at its opposite end with a projection 7, resulting in a shoulder 8,which is rounded, as shown. The projection 7 is provided with a transverse cylindrical passage 9,which opens longitudinally through the side face of the projection above the shoulder 8, this passage forming a socket for the reception of the cylindrical end portion 10 of a dog 11,which is thus pivotally connected with the stock 5. The dog 11 is provided with a shoulder 12, which abuts against the face of the projection 7 above the opening of the passage 2 9, thus limiting the movement of the dog in one direction, and the dog is held at this limit of its movement by means of a helical spring 13, one end of which is engaged in a recess 14 in the stock, the remaining end bearing against the dog.
Pivoted to opposite sides of the stock 5 are jaw-plates 15 and 16, which extend beyond the end of the stock and have semicircular recesses 17 in their edges, the inner edges of the jaws being provided with ratchet-teeth 18.
Pivoted between the free ends of the jawplates 15 and 16 is a jaw 19, having a curved recess 20 therein directed toward the recesses 17, the free end of the jaw being in the form of a finger 21, which is movable to lie between the jaw-plates, as shown. The inner edge of the jaw 19 is provided with ratchet-teeth 22, which are arranged for cooperation with the teeth of the jaw-plates 15 and 16 to grasp a pipe or other similarly-shaped body. A portion of the outer edge of the jaw 19 isarcshaped, as shown, and is provided with ratchetteeth 23, which are arranged for engagement by teeth 2 1, carried by the dog 11, when the latter is in its normal position, to prevent movement of the jaw 19 away from the jawplates 15 and 16.
Between their ends which extend inwardly of the stock 5 and their points of pivotal connection with the stock the jaw-plates 15 and 16 are provided with laterally-extending slots 25, with which are engaged pins 26, extending outwardly from the stock, these pins thus limiting the pivotal movement of the plates 15 and 16. The plates 15 and 16 are held yieldably at the limitof this pivotal movement in one direction by means of aspring-tongue 26, which is secured to the edge of the stock 5 at one end and bears at its free end against a pin 27, which is engaged in perforations 28 in lugs 29, which extend outwardly from the plates beyond the edge of the stock 5, this arrangement being such that the jaw 19 is held in close engagement with the dog 11 and holds the shoulder 12 slightly spaced from the face of the projection 7 and against ,the action of the spring 13, and it will be apparent from TOO the drawings that when the jaw-plates 15 and 16 are moved against the action of the springtongue 26 the dog 11 will move the jaw 19 in the direction of the plates 15 and 16, thus causing the ratchet-teeth 18 and 22 to bite into the object with which the wrench is engaged.
Movement of the free end of the stock in a direction to cause the teeth 18 and 22 to engage the body causes movement of the plates 15 and 16 against the action of the springtongue 26, the result being, as described above, that the teeth bite into the body, and it may be moved with the wrench or held against movement thereby. In working in confined space where a complete revolution of the wrench is impossible the body with which the wrench is engaged may be revolved by moving the wrench alternately in opposite directions, movement in one direction resulting in engagement of the teeth with the body and movement of the body therewith, movement of the stock in the opposite direction resulting in disengagement of the teeth from the body to permit of free movement of the wrench with respect to the body.
The dog 11 extends outwardly beyond the jaw-plates 15 and 16 and is roughened, as shown at 30, to be engaged by the finger and moved against the action of the spring 13 to disengage its teeth 24 from the jaw 19 to permit of free movement of the jaw upon its pivot. The jaw may thus be moved outwardly to disengage its finger 21 from between the plates 15 and 16, and the jaw and jaw-plates may be engaged with a pipe or similar body, after which the jaw is moved to bring its teeth 23 again into the engagement with the teeth 24 of the dog, it being understood that the parts are so disposed that the body is engaged both by the teeth 22 of the jaw and the teeth 18 of the jaw-plates. When the wrench has been thus engaged with the body, it may be operated as described above.
In practice modifications of the specific construction shown may be made and any suitable materials and proportions may be used for the various parts without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is 1. A wrench comprising a stock, a jaw pivoted at either side of the stock, means for limiting the pivotal movement of the jaws in both directions, a spring arranged to hold said jaws normally at one limit of their movement, a jaw pivoted between the free ends of the first-named jaws for cooperation therewith, and having a finger arranged to extend between said jaws, said finger being provided with serrations, a dog pivoted to the stock and arranged for engagement with the serrations of the finger to hold the second-named jaw at different points of its pivotal movement and to hold said jaw stationary with respect to the stock when the first-named jaws are moved against the action of the spring.
2. A wrench comprising a stock, having a projection at one side of one of its ends, said projection having a socket therein opening through the side of the projection above the end of the stock, a dog having a head pivotally engaged in the socket, a spring disposed between the dog and the end of the stock to hold the former yieldably at the outer limit of its movement, a jaw pivoted to either side of the stock and projecting beyond the end thereof, a jaw pivoted between the ends of the first-named jaws for cooperation therewith and having a finger arranged to extend therebetween, said finger having serrations arranged for engagement by the dog to hold the finger at different points of its pivotal movement, said dog being arranged to move the second-named jaw toward and away from the first-named jaws when the stock is moved with respect to the said first-named jaws.
8. A wrench comprising a stock, jaws pivotally connected to the stock, means for limiting the pivotal movement of the jaws with respect to the stock in both directions, a jaw pivoted to the first-named jaws for cooperation therewith, means for holding said jaw at different points of its pivotal movement, means for moving the last-named jaw toward and away from the first-named jaws when the stock is moved pivotally with respect to said jaws, and means for holding the first-named jaws normally at the limit of their movement away from the second-named jaw.
4. A pipe-wrench comprising ahandle portion and two opposed jaws each havingsu bstantially a segmental inner surface, said jaws having their adjacent ends pivoted together at a point beyond the end of the handle, and the movable jaw having a peripheral toothed surface upon its exterior and havingacurvature upon a radius from the pivot-pin of the two jaws, and means for engaging said exterior toothed surface of the movable jaw for holding said jaw closed with relation to the stationary jaw.
5. In a pipe-wrench, a jaw having a substantially semicircular toothed interior, a second jaw having a correspondingly-shaped opposed toothed interior, and upon substantially the same curvature as that of the first-named jaw, a pivot-pin by which the outer ends of said jaws are united, a peripheral toothed surface formed upon the exterior of the second jaw and having a curvature upon a radius from the pivot-pin of the two jaws, and a pivoted spring-pressed pawl adapted to engage said exterior teeth.
6. In a pipe-wrench, a jaw having the interior substantially semicircular and toothed, a second jaw having corresponding shape and teeth upon substantially the same curvature with the first-named jaw, a pivot-pin by which the outer ends of said jaws are united, a toothed periphery upon the exterior ofthe second jaw and on the opposite side from the pivot-pin, a spring-pressed pawl adapted to engage these exterior teeth of the second jaw, a handle pivoted to the first-named jaw, a transverse slot made in an extension of the first-named jaw, a pin passing through the handle and said slot whereby an independent movement of the handle may be effected to further close the second jaw.
7 In a pipe-wrench, a jaw having a substantially semicircular toothed interior, said jaw being formed of parallel sections, a second jaw having a similar toothed interior, a
pin by which the outer end of the second jaw is pivoted between the parts of the first jaw, a correspondingly-toothed segmental interior of the second jaw, a ratchet-toothed exterior of said second jaw, a spring-pressed pawl and through the handle whereby the latter is movable, said movement acting to close the aws and gr1p an inclosed pipe and a spring by which the lever and jaw extensions are returned to their normal position when pressure is relieved.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
, i WILL M. PIIZER.
Witnesses:
E. E. KIRK, GEORGE PATTISON.
US21199704A 1904-06-10 1904-06-10 Wrench. Expired - Lifetime US791814A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US21199704A US791814A (en) 1904-06-10 1904-06-10 Wrench.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US21199704A US791814A (en) 1904-06-10 1904-06-10 Wrench.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US791814A true US791814A (en) 1905-06-06

Family

ID=2860303

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US21199704A Expired - Lifetime US791814A (en) 1904-06-10 1904-06-10 Wrench.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US791814A (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110138972A1 (en) * 2009-11-18 2011-06-16 Robert John Terence Wojick Self-Clamping Wrench
US20110209586A1 (en) * 2009-11-18 2011-09-01 Robert John Terence Wojick Self-Clamping Wrench With Push-Button Latch Release
USD717619S1 (en) 2013-04-01 2014-11-18 Ridge Tool Company Tool handle
US20150128769A1 (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-05-14 A & E Incorporated Spanner wrench
USD739192S1 (en) 2013-04-01 2015-09-22 Ridge Tool Company Insert for tool
USD742707S1 (en) 2013-04-01 2015-11-10 Ridge Tool Company Tool head
US9205539B2 (en) 2013-04-01 2015-12-08 Emerson Electric Co. Wrench
USD748958S1 (en) 2014-08-29 2016-02-09 Ridge Tool Company Wrench
USD749924S1 (en) 2014-08-29 2016-02-23 Ridge Tool Company Wrench
USD750944S1 (en) 2014-08-29 2016-03-08 Ridge Tool Company Wrench
US9434055B2 (en) 2013-04-01 2016-09-06 Ridge Tool Company Replaceable gripping inserts for wrenches

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110138972A1 (en) * 2009-11-18 2011-06-16 Robert John Terence Wojick Self-Clamping Wrench
US20110209586A1 (en) * 2009-11-18 2011-09-01 Robert John Terence Wojick Self-Clamping Wrench With Push-Button Latch Release
US8479615B2 (en) * 2009-11-18 2013-07-09 Robert John Terence Wojick Self-clamping wrench
US8485071B2 (en) * 2009-11-18 2013-07-16 Robert John Terence Wojick Self-clamping wrench with push-button latch release
USD739192S1 (en) 2013-04-01 2015-09-22 Ridge Tool Company Insert for tool
USD717619S1 (en) 2013-04-01 2014-11-18 Ridge Tool Company Tool handle
USD742707S1 (en) 2013-04-01 2015-11-10 Ridge Tool Company Tool head
US9205539B2 (en) 2013-04-01 2015-12-08 Emerson Electric Co. Wrench
US9434055B2 (en) 2013-04-01 2016-09-06 Ridge Tool Company Replaceable gripping inserts for wrenches
US20150128769A1 (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-05-14 A & E Incorporated Spanner wrench
USD748958S1 (en) 2014-08-29 2016-02-09 Ridge Tool Company Wrench
USD749924S1 (en) 2014-08-29 2016-02-23 Ridge Tool Company Wrench
USD750944S1 (en) 2014-08-29 2016-03-08 Ridge Tool Company Wrench

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US791814A (en) Wrench.
US389666A (en) Pipe-wrench
US772751A (en) Wrench.
US1026270A (en) Pipe-wrench.
US1071687A (en) Pipe-wrench.
US1096663A (en) Wrench.
US434409A (en) George l
US573070A (en) Wrench
US459733A (en) Wrench
US815694A (en) Pipe-wrench.
US1002215A (en) Wrench.
US755466A (en) Ratchet-wrench.
US288927A (en) Fourth to willabd l
US1019280A (en) Pipe-wrench.
US340516A (en) Pipe-wrench
US834799A (en) Wrench.
US609762A (en) Logan w
US511155A (en) Pipe-wrench
US1156260A (en) Pipe-wrench.
US269072A (en) Pipe-wrench
US516661A (en) stanley
US1060513A (en) Pipe-wrench.
US646077A (en) Wrench.
US561578A (en) Pipe-wrench
US280099A (en) Pipe-wrench