US2004913A - Ventilated engineer's cap - Google Patents

Ventilated engineer's cap Download PDF

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Publication number
US2004913A
US2004913A US756923A US75692334A US2004913A US 2004913 A US2004913 A US 2004913A US 756923 A US756923 A US 756923A US 75692334 A US75692334 A US 75692334A US 2004913 A US2004913 A US 2004913A
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crown
cap
ventilating
section
fabric
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Expired - Lifetime
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US756923A
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Klein Robert
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BELL CAP Co
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BELL CAP Co
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42CMANUFACTURING OR TRIMMING HEAD COVERINGS, e.g. HATS
    • A42C5/00Fittings or trimmings for hats, e.g. hat-bands
    • A42C5/04Ventilating arrangements for head coverings

Description

June 1l, 1935. R. KLEIN r2,004,913
VENTILATED ENGINEERS CAP Filed DSC. 1l, 1954 INVENTOP.
Robert Klein BY- J/.M
ATTORNEY Patented June 11, 1935 1 1 y UNITED STATES vPATiezNT oFFicE' VENTILATED ENGINEERS CAP Robert Klein, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Bell Cap Company, New York, N. Y., a co-partnership composed of Abraham Herskowitz, Samuel Bell, Morris Goldberg, and Robert Klein Application December 11, 1934, Serial No. 756,923
8 Claims. (Cl. 2-195) This invention relates to caps and particularly, tion, taken n the line 6 5 0fk Figs. 1 and 3, but to that type known as railroad or engineers with the stitching for the upper edge of the ven- Capstilating `section omitted'for the sake of clarity My invention contemplates the provision of a and to avoid confusion, showing the pleat formed cap provided with eiiicient Ventilating means nin the Ventilating SeCtOh and the plurality 0f 5 serted in the crown of the cap and formed in the thicknesses provided, and ShOWing alSO, the shape of and folded in the same manner as that stitching for securing the side edge of the ventiportion of the crown which it replaces, and which latine SeCtiOIl in Placedoes not in the least adversely affect the flexi- In that praetieal embodiment 0f my inVehtiOh 10 bility, wearing qualities or appearance of the Cap which I have shown by way of example, my im- 10 in which itis used, but on the contrary, considerproved Ventilating means has been applied t0 a ably enhances the appearance and wearing propso-called railroad cap of the type used by engieI'tieS 0f the cap besides making the cap more neers and mechanics in railroad shops and else- I comfortable for the wearer. where to protect the head of the wearer. Since My invention further contemplates the replacesuch caps are worn by men Who are physically 15 y ment of a selected section of the closely woven active, the peTSPiratiOIl iuduCed by the Cap fretextile fabric crown of a cap with textile fabric fluently eauSeS diSCOmfOlt- I have therefore' DIO- loosely woven to provide a multiplicity of ventivided effective means, economical to manufacture lating openings therein, but having substantially and simple in construction for adequately ventithe same strength and flexibility as that of the latins7 the head Of the Weale and the intel-"lor 0f 2O closely woven crown fabric, and adapted to be the Cap While the Cal) iS being Womsewn in place in the same manner as the crowny As illustrated, the Cap includes a' VSOI 9, and fabric, as well as to be folded and pleated in the a sweatband designated generally by the 11usame manner as the crown fabric. meral I0 and comprising the outer sweatband .My invention further contemplates the provisection Il and the inner similar Sweatband see- 25 s1on of one or more fabric Ventilating sections in tion I2. BOth 0f Said SeCtiOIlS are iIlOlCled along the one-piece crown of a cap above the sweattheir lower and upper edges as at I3 and I4, band thereof, so arranged and of such sizekas to respectively. The visor 9 is inserted between adequately ventilate the head of the wearer above the infolded lower edges I3 0f the SeCtiOhS II the sweat-band and to permit the circulation of and l2, Said iDfOlded edges being secured to- 30 air across the topv of the head when the cap is gether by Suitable Stitching I5, I6 DaSSihg through being WOrn. the sections and the infolded portions thereof,
I 'Ihe various objects of my invention will be and through the ViSOl. Theupper iIlfOlded edges clear from the description whichv follows and I8 and I9, IeSDeCtVely, 0f the respective Sections v from the drawing, in which, Il and I2 are, however, rst sewn together in 35 Fig. l is a side elevation of my improved cap, reverse position by the stitching I1 with the it being understood that the other' sido of the vcntiiating fabric 20 inserted between Seid incap, not shown, is of the same construction. folded portions. On reversal of the sections, the Fig. 2 is a fragmentary combined vertical sec- Stitching I'I iS COIlCealed, and the final Stitehil'lg 40 tion (taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1) and per- I5, i6 made.` 40 spective View of a portion of the cap. In the crowns of caps of this type, it is at Fig. 3 is a front elevation of a modified form of present customary to provide the front pleat 21, my improved cap showing the Ventilating section the rear pleat 22 and similar side pleats interarranged at the front of the cap to replace the mediate the front and rear pleats.
front pleat of the crown fabric. Each of the pleats is of about the same height 45 Fig. 4 isa similar View of another modified form as the crown and is of substantial width about of my improved cap wherein a pair of spaced unequalto its height, having parallel edges 23 and pleated Ventilating sections is used, each of which 24 (see Fig- 4). The pleat iS OImeCl by Overis arranged between the front and side pleats of lapping or puckerng the fabric of thek crown the cap, and being of sufficient height to perform which is made of a single piece of comparatively 50 its proper Ventilating function. closely woven material consisting of compara- Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view on an enlarged tively ne threads. To form the Ventilating secscale of the Ventilating fabric used in the crown tions, however, as shown in Fig. 1, the entire of the cap. pleat together with a triangular section at each Fig. 6 is a fragmentary enlarged horizontal secside of the pleat are omitted from the otherwise 55 tions 20 are made are -each trapezoidal in form fabric of the crown but also so woven as to form a multiplicity of interstices or apertures, through which air may enter and leave the interior of the cap. As shown particularly in Fig.v 5, the Ventilating fabric comprises a series of comparatively coarse or thick warp threads 26 and weft threads 21 spaced considerably apart to form comparatively large openings, the openings being partially closed by the interwoven coarse or heavy thread 2B twisted about thewarp and weft threads and serving to prevent such displacement of said warp and weft threads under such stressv as might tend to change the sizes or shapes of the openings. f Y
Each of the side Ventilating sections 20 as shown in Figs. l and 6, comprises the pleat 30 and Vthe exposed triangular sections 3| and 32 arranged respectively in front of and at the rear of the pleat. Between the rear edge 33 of the pleat 30 and the front inclined edge 34 of the rear triangular exposed side section 32, there is thereby arranged three thicknesses of material..
Similarly, between the front edge 36 of the pleat 30 and the rear edge 3l of the front triangular exposed section 3|, there is also provided three thicknesses of material. a multiplicity of thicknesses, the Ventilating secwhere the stressthereon is greatest andfurther, substantially the same degree of rigidity and flexibility Yas there is in the remaining fabric crown .pleats 2| and 22 is provided in the Ventilating A' section, whereby the proper shape of the cap.
crown is maintained, though permitting the cap to befolded'up in the customary manner whenV it is to be carried about.
The blanks from which the Ventilating secbefore` and after being sewn in place, ybeing provided with inclined ends to permit the formation of the pleat or pucker therein. .When the pleated section 20 is secured in place, the initially inclined` edges 38 and 39 of the blank are secured between the infolded portions. I8 and |9 of the sweatband sections and |2 bythe stitching I1 as hereinbefore described, said 'edges 38 and 39 being aligned with the remainder of the bottom edge of the blank. The Ventilating section 2|) is secured to the crown along the inclined edge 4| thereof at the inclined edge of the opening in the crown, the corresponding edge portion 42 of the section being secured to the crown along the front `inclined. edge 43, while the remainder of the section is secured to the top edge 44 of the opening formed in the crown for the reception of the Ventilating section.
To secure the top edge of the section in place in its proper position, said edge is laid in re-4 verse position on the crown edge surrounding the opening into which the Ventilating section is to be arranged, and then themarginal portions of suitable width of the ventilatingsection and the crown fabric vare secured-together by means of suitable stitching such as the overlooking stitching 45 (Figs. 2 and 6). turned back into their iinal positions andagain secured by the stitching 46 passing through the By so providing be permitted by the state of the prior y*art Yan The parts are then.
Ventilating section and through the infolded flap 41 of the crown fabric and through the outer crown fabric 48.
After the Ventilating sections have been sewn in place at the sides of the cap, it will be seen that said Ventilating sections stand above the sweatband in such position that they are not in Contact with any part of the head of the wearer whereby the air may enter freely through the interstices 5U of said Ventilating sections and circulate about the head and throughout the interior of the cap. The head of the wearer is thereby kept comparatively cool though adequately protected from dirt, grease, rain and the like. It will also be noted that by reason of the comparatively coarse threads from which the ventilating sections are formed and the peculiar weave thereof. said sections are just as flexible lbut not more so than the crown fabric and therefore maintain the proper shape of the cap just as -though .the capv were made entirely lof .the
closely woven crown fabric.
In that form of my inVention shown in Fig.
the Ventilating section 5| replaces'jthe closely Woven fabric pleat 2| as well as the triangular portions of the crown fabric. adjacent the pleat in the same manner as described in connection with the side Ventilating section 20. l'
A similar rearventilating section may be used,
if desired, to replace the pleat 22 (Fig. 1)Y and to insure circulation of air from the front'tothel rear of the cap and vice versa. The construction and means for securing the section 5| in place being identical with that hereinbeforedescribed in connection with the section 20, the description thereof need not be repeated.
Y As shown in Fig. 4, the Ventilating sections 52' and 53 may each be arranged between the front fabric pleat 2| and the side fabric pleats 54' and 55 respectively. In that case, the Ventilating sections are substituted for the unpleated crown fabric in such a manner as to induce avcircula.-l
tion of air at the front of the cap above the head of the wearer and thereby to induce circulation throughout the entire interior of the cap. Since the means for securing the edges of the sections 52 and 53 Vto the crown and to the sweatband are similar to that hereinbefore described, the description thereof need not be` repeated.
It will beiseen that I have provided a simple though extremely economical `and eiiicient4 cap designed to permit circulation of airabout the top of the head of the wearer and arranged above the sweatband lof the cap and having the same flexible and lshape-supporting properties as the fabric of the remaining crown of the cap', being in addition water-repellent and presenting an excellent appearance and therefore Well adapted to meet the severe requirements of practical use.
While I have shown and described certain specific forms of my invention, I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself thereto Vsince I intend to claim my invention as broadly as may the scope of the appended claims.
I claim: 1.y In a cap, a sweatband comprising a pair of separate similar sectiona: a pleated crown of` closely woven fabric, said crown having an opening therein, and a pleated section of loosely. woven fabric providing interstices therein ar-Y 2. A Ventilating cap comprising a sweatband having an outer and an inner section each having infolded upper and lower edges, a closely woven fabric crown provided Vvith a multiplicity of pleats each of substantially the height of the crown and each of substantially the same width as the height thereof, said crown having a trapezoidal opening therein extending over an area equal to the area of one of said pleats together with additional triangular side extensions, the edges of the crown adjacent the opening being infolded, and a section of loosely woven fab-ric comprising a Ventilating area arranged in said opening, said section being pleated to correspond to the remaining pleats of the crown and thereby providing three thicknesses of material at the overlapping portions of the pleat therein, and having exposed triangular extensions of a single thickness, the upper edge of said Ventilating section being secured to an infolded edge of the opening in the crown by overlapping stitching and by an additional line of stitching passing through said section and through the crown and the infolded edges thereof, and the lower edge of said section being secured between the upper infolded edges of the sweatband sections by a line of stitching passing through said sections and the infolded edges thereof.
3. In a cap provided with a pleated crown, a Visor, and a sweatband joining the crown and the Visor, a pleated Ventilating section in the crown providing a plurality of thicknesses of Ventilating material at the pleat thereof, and spaced triangular areas of a single thickness of Ventilating material at the remaining portions thereof, overlocking stitching securing the upper edge of said section to the adjacent edge of the crown, and concealed stitching securing the lower edge of the Ventilating section to the sweatband, said Ventilating section being formed of loosely woven fabric having substantially the same cap-shaping properties as the material of the crown.
4. In a cap, a fabric sweatband comprising an outer sweatband section and a similar inner sweatband section, a pleated crown having its lower edge inserted between said sections and stitched thereto, and a pair of spaced Ventilating sections in the crown, each of said Ventilating sections being of substantially the same height as that of the pleats therein, and of substantially the same width along one of its edges as the height thereof, and each of said Ventilating sections comprising a series of warp threads and weft threads interwoven with the warp threads to provide substantially square interstices therebetween, and a twisted thread interwoven with the warp and weft threads and maintaining said threads against displacement to maintain the sizes of the openings in said section unchanged under stress put upon the cap.
5. In a cap, a pleated crown of a single piece of material, a sweatband secured to the lower edge of said crown, part of the material of said crown being omitted to provide an opening therein, and a textile fabric Ventilating section secured in the opening by stitching securing its upper edge to the crown and its lower edge to the sweatband, said Ventilating section comprising loosely woven warp and weft threads providing a multiplicity of openings therein, and said section being of substantially the same height as the pleats in the crown and substantially of the same width as said pleats along at least one edge of said section.
6. In a cap, a one-piece fabric crown having a plurality of spaced pleats therein, a sweatband comprising a pair of similar sections, the lower edge of the crown being secured lby concealed stitching between the upper edges of said sweatband sections, and a Ventilating section of substantially the same height and width as that of the pleats of the crown secured along its upper edge to the crown and along its lower edge between the sweatband sections, said Ventilating section comprising textile fabric woven of thicker threads than that of the crown fabric and thereby having substantially the same flexibility and capsupporting properties as the crown fabric.
'7. In a cap provided with a. pleated crown, a. Visor, and a head band joining the crown and the Visor, a pleated Ventilating section in the crown providing a plurality of thicknesses of Ventilating material at the pleat thereof, stitching securing the upper edge of said section to the adjacent edge of the crown, and concealed stitching securing the lower edge of the Ventilating section to the head band, said Ventilating section being formed of loosely woven fab-ric.
8. In a cap, a one-piece fabric crown having a plurality of spaced pleats therein, a head band at the lower edge of the crown, concealed stitching securing the lower edge of the crown to the upper edge of the head band, and a Ventilating section inserted in the crown and secured along its upper edge to the crown and along its lower edge to the head band, said Ventilating section comprising textile fabric woven of thicker threads than that of the crown fabric.
ROBERT KLEIN.
US756923A 1934-12-11 1934-12-11 Ventilated engineer's cap Expired - Lifetime US2004913A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2896218A (en) * 1956-01-17 1959-07-28 Louisville Cap Corp Foldable cap
EP0627180A2 (en) * 1993-05-25 1994-12-07 INTELPRO CORPORATION (a Delaware Corporation) Moisture management hat
US5556696A (en) * 1994-09-23 1996-09-17 Pinkus; Fred J. Stiffening material for headwear and the like
USD429871S (en) * 1999-10-29 2000-08-29 Dassinger Isabel M Cap
US20050177918A1 (en) * 2002-06-02 2005-08-18 Ying Liu Safety helmet for heat dissipation
EP1671937A1 (en) * 2003-09-19 2006-06-21 Ube Industries, Ltd. Method for producing nitrile compound, carboxylic acid compound or carboxylate compound
USD607629S1 (en) 2009-05-04 2010-01-12 Dolawat Puangprasert Ventilated hat
US20150113705A1 (en) * 2013-10-30 2015-04-30 Dada Corporation Cap with customizable ventilation functions exclusively working for each separate portion of cap

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2896218A (en) * 1956-01-17 1959-07-28 Louisville Cap Corp Foldable cap
EP0627180A2 (en) * 1993-05-25 1994-12-07 INTELPRO CORPORATION (a Delaware Corporation) Moisture management hat
EP0627180A3 (en) * 1993-05-25 1995-07-05 Intelpro Corp A Delaware Corp Moisture management hat.
US5556696A (en) * 1994-09-23 1996-09-17 Pinkus; Fred J. Stiffening material for headwear and the like
USD429871S (en) * 1999-10-29 2000-08-29 Dassinger Isabel M Cap
US20050177918A1 (en) * 2002-06-02 2005-08-18 Ying Liu Safety helmet for heat dissipation
US7219371B2 (en) * 2002-06-02 2007-05-22 Multi Polar Enterprises (Shen Zhen) Limited Safety helmet for heat dissipation
EP1671937A1 (en) * 2003-09-19 2006-06-21 Ube Industries, Ltd. Method for producing nitrile compound, carboxylic acid compound or carboxylate compound
EP1671937A4 (en) * 2003-09-19 2007-08-08 Ube Industries Method for producing nitrile compound, carboxylic acid compound or carboxylate compound
USD607629S1 (en) 2009-05-04 2010-01-12 Dolawat Puangprasert Ventilated hat
USD617536S1 (en) 2009-05-04 2010-06-15 Dolawat Puangprasert Ventilated hat
US20150113705A1 (en) * 2013-10-30 2015-04-30 Dada Corporation Cap with customizable ventilation functions exclusively working for each separate portion of cap

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