US917210A - Head-covering. - Google Patents

Head-covering. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US917210A
US917210A US32635206A US1906326352A US917210A US 917210 A US917210 A US 917210A US 32635206 A US32635206 A US 32635206A US 1906326352 A US1906326352 A US 1906326352A US 917210 A US917210 A US 917210A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
hat
fibers
fabric
thicknesses
brim
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US32635206A
Inventor
Louis Weiner
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FRANK P HEID AND Co
Original Assignee
FRANK P HEID AND Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FRANK P HEID AND Co filed Critical FRANK P HEID AND Co
Priority to US32635206A priority Critical patent/US917210A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US917210A publication Critical patent/US917210A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B1/00Hats; Caps; Hoods
    • A42B1/04Soft caps; Hoods

Description

L. WEINER. HEAD COVERING. APPLIOATIQN FILED JULY 16 Patented Apr. 6, 1909.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
, INP'ENTOR loaz'szZ ej 6/." BY
' HTTORNEY WITNESSES THE amas PETER: co.. wnsuugmicfll. D- c.
ftlhtITlll) Oli it i lliil LOUIS WEINER, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO FRANK P. HEID AND COMPANY, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA.
HEAD-COVERING.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented April 6, 1909.
Application filed July 16, 1906. Serial No. 326,352.
To all whom "it may concern:
Be it known that 1, Louis Warren, a subject of the Czar of Russia, and residing in Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, United States of America, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Head- (loverings, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact disclosure.
My invention relates to improvements in head coverings, and particularly to hats made of a fabric having stiff but elastic fibers running in one direction of the fabric, the threads transverse to said stiff elastic fibers, being soft and inelastic. A fabric which embodies these characteristics, is hair-cloth, or similar material.
Heretofore attempts have been made to make hats out of haircloth, or similar material. but on account ofthe fact that when haircloth is cut, the fabric so frays at the edges that the out portions cannot well be sewed to each other, it has heretofore been impossible to make a satisfactory or durable article.
The objects of my invention are to construct a light weight, cool, ventilated hat, which is comfortable on the head, which is not injured by rain. or water, which will not change its shape after the same has been wet or crushed, which is capable of great variations in style, shape and color effects, and which will not stretch or pull apart at. the seams.
Other objects of my invention will appear in the specification and claims below.
In the drawings forming a part of this specification, in which the same reference characters are employed to designate the:
and the edges are forced or pressed over adsame parts throughout the various figures: Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved hat, parts of the same being broken away to show the construction thereof; Fig. 2 is a section on the line IIII of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a section on the line IIIIII Fig. 1; Fig. l is a section on the line IVIV Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a section on the line V*V Fig. 1; Figs. 6 to 9 inclusive, show the blanks from which the essential portions of my hat are formed.
As plainly shown in Figs. 1, S and 9, the top 1 of the crown, and the brim 2 are each made of integral seamless pieces of fabric, and the side 3 of the crown is made of but one strip of fabric having its outer ends 3 joined together. In making my hat I preferably lay patterns on the material in such a manner that in the top and brim pieces, 1 and 2 respectively, the stiff fibers of the material would extend from the front to the back of the hat. The side of the crown is made of a single thickness of material, and preferably the fibers of the fabric extend from the brim to the top of the crown. In order to firmly secure together the various pieces of the fabric forming the chief parts of my hat so that the raw edges of the same will not fray, and the joined edges pull apart, I sew the pieces together so that the adjacent edges of the parts of the hat are stitched together by a plain open seam whenever the direction of the seam is parallel to the direction of the hair or similar fiber, and by lap seam whenever the direction of the seam is transverse to the direction of the hair. l join the outer ends 3 of the piece 3 forming the side of the crown, when the direction of the seam is parallel to the direction of the hair, by a plain open seam 4: and then cover the opened raw edges of the seam with a suitable binding 5 stitched down as at 6 on opposite sides of said edges. In this manner, the two ends will be so secured together that they cannot be pulled apart and so that the edges are prevented from fraying.
The top 1 and side 3 of the crown are preferably sewed together in the manner shown in Fig. 2. That is to say, since the direction of the seam is transverse to the direction of the hair in the side of the crown and the edge of the top, the two parts are sewed together in a lap seam by stitching 7,
jacent the side of the rim. The binding 8 is then turned in under the raw edges 9 of the seam and adjacent the side 3 of the brim, and is sewed down by stitching 10 and the other edge of the binding is sewed down as at 11. In this way the fraying of the soft threads from the stiff elastic hair is completely prevented, and the stiff hairs are not allowed to work out of the ends at the out ed es. The top may, however, and preferably is, made of a plurality of thicknesses as shown in Fig. and the various layers forming the top arranged so that the stiff fibers of one layer extend transversely to the stiff fibers of the adjacent layer. This arrangement renders the top comparatively l the drawings, in which case the lower thickstiff and so makes a support for the side. In other words, this arrangement of the fibers equalizes the strength of the top in all directions and makes a top having the average strength of the material composed of both Warp and weft of hair cloth. The fabric will not bend in one direction any easier than it does in another. This arrangement also stiffens the side of the hat, when the fibers of the side are arranged vertically and makes it unnecessary to use a )lurality of layers of fabric for the side of the hat. The stiff top holds the single thickness of the side in a comparatively firm and stiff form and dispenses with the use of any other material, or construction to make the hat maintain its shape. This stiffness of the top and crown is also increased by the fact that the edges of the fabric composing the top are bent downwardly in uniting it to the side, thereby forcing the stiff fibers closer together at the edge or margin. This also makes the fabric much firmer and contributes greatly to the preservation of the form which the hat is given under the conditions to which it is subjected in wear. In making hats in which there is a brim, the stiffness of the side, although of a single layer, is also greatly increased by making the brim of aplurality of layers and rig-idly attaching the bottom of its side to the brim as by stitching. The lower edge of the side 3 of the crown and the brim 2 are united ina lapped seam by stitching 3 as shown in Fig. 5-, but in this case, the bindingof the raw edges may be omitted since the said edges are amply covered and secured by the sweat band 12. The outer edges 2 of the brim are preferably bound by a strip 13 of stiff material, as canvas, or leather, by stitching 13 and the whole is then covered with a suitable binding 14;, stitched as at 14 This stiffening of the outer edge of the brim materially assists the hat in retaining its shape and prevents the hairs of the fabric from working out at the edges of the brim. In order to stiffen the side- 3 of the crown, I may secure, by stitching 15, to the outside of the same adjacent the point where the same is united to the brim 2, a narrow strip of fabric 15 similar to the fabric employed in the body of the hat, but having the stiff elastic fibers running transverse to the direction of the said fibers in the side 3" of the crown.
The top of the hat and the brim may be made of a single thickness of material as abovedescribed, but in order to stiffen the top of the crown and the brim, I may make one or? both of a plurality of thicknesses of material. Thus the top may be composed of two thicknesses of material 1 and 1*, and the brim of the parts 2. and 2 as shown in ness 1 and 2* would preferably be cut so that the fabrics of said pieces would extend ransversely to the direction of the fibers in the pieces 1 and 2, top and brim respectively. In some cases it may be desirable to further stiffen the brim by inserting between the pieces of the brim, a piece of stiffening. material or fabric, such as 16, said piece being composed of haircloth, or similar material, or of any other material, such as rubber.
hen the top of the crown is made of a plurality of thicknesses of material, I may unite l'liGSO-tlllClGlGSSQS by stitching as shown at 17, in order to make the same stiffer and also to prevent an unevenshrinking or warping of the various layers forming the top portion of the hat, and the various thicknesses of the brim may also be united by stitching 18 for the same purpose.
lVhile various materials may be employed for making my improved hat, I preferably employ what is ordinarily known as a fine quality of ha-ircloth, and I have found that when the hairs of the fabric are woven into the fabric with asilk warping, the hat will not shrink or change its shape after having been wet. 1 preferably then, use a silk haircloth for making my hat, although any other material having similar characteristics may be substituted therefor.
l preferably make my hat in the manner above described that is to say, with the stiff ibers or hairs of the material of which the same is made, running or extending lengthwise or from the front to the back ofthe top and brim, and the fibers of the side of the crown running vertical. This gives the hat a pleasing appearance and when it is crushed, the elastic fibers of the sides of the crown straighten out immediately when released and restore the hat to its original shape. These features, however, do not affect the weight or ventilating qualities of the hat, or broadly, the means by which the separate pieces are stitched or sewed together, and 1 do not desire to be limited to the exact size, shape, or exact method of making the same, since my invention comprises the making of any hat out of any material similar to that described in the specification so long as the same is covered by the claims forming a part of this specification.
Having thus described my invention, what if claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United States, is l 1. hea d covering comprising a top composed of a plurality of thicknesses of a fabric having. stiff elastic fibers extending in one direction, and inelastic fiberseXtending transverse thereto, the d stiff fibers of each layer being arranged transversely to the direction of the stifffibers of the ad.- j'acent layer of said top, the edges of saidlayers of said top being bent at substantially right angles to the plane of said layers to force the stiff fibers of each layer at the said edges closer together, and a side composed of a single thickness of a similar fabric arranged with the fibers extending substantially vertically, the said turned down edges of said top and the top edge of said side being firmly united by stitching.
2. A head covering comprising a top composed of a plurality of thicknesses of a fab ric having stiff elastic fibers extending in one direction, and inelastic fibers extending transverse thereto, the said stiff fibers of each layer being arranged transversely to the direction of the stiff fibers of the adjacent layer of said top, the edges of said layers of said top being bent at substantially right angles to the plane of said layers to force the stiff fibers of each layer at the said edges closer together, and a side composed of a single thickness of a similar fabric arranged with the fibers extending substantially vertically, the said turned down edges of said top and the top edge of said side 1 being firmly united by a lap seam.
A head covering comprising a top composed of a plurality of thicknesses of a fabric having stiff elastic fibers extending in one direction and inelastic fibers extending transverse thereto, the said stiff fibers of each layer being arranged transversely to the direction of the stifi fibers of the adjacent layer of said top, the edges of said top being bent downwardly and the stiff fibers of each layer forced closer, to each other thereby, a side composed of a single thickness of similar fabric arranged with the fibers extending substantially vertically, the said turned down edges of said top and the top edge of said side being firmly united by stitching and the stiffened brim firmly united to the bottom edge of said side by stitching.
4. A hat made of a fabric having stiff elastic fibers running in one direction and relatively soft and inelastic threads running transverse thereto, and comprising a top formed of two thicknesses of said fabric, one of said thicknesses having its fibers running longitudinally of the hat and the other of said thicknesses having its fibers running transversely of the hat, the said thicknesses being stitched together and the edge of said top being turned inwardly; and a side formed of one thickness of said fabric and having its fibers extending vertically of the hat, the upper edge of said side being folded inwardly and downwardly to meet the inwardly turned edge of the top.
5. A hat made of a fabric having stiff elastic fibers running in one direction and relatively soft and inelastic threads running transverse thereto, and comprising a top formed of two thicknesses of said fabric one of said thicknesses having its fibers running longitudinally of the hat and the other of said thicknesses having its fibersrunning transversely of the hat, the said thicknesses being stitched together and the edge of said top being turned inwardly; and a side formed of one thickness of said fabric and having its fibers extending vertically of the hat, the upper edge of said side being folded inwardly and downwardly to meet the inwardly turned edge of the top, and a binding covering the said edges of the top and side and stitching extending through all of the overlapping thicknesses of the top, side and binding.
6. A hat made of a fabric having stiff elastic fibers running in one direction and relatively soft and inelastic threads running transverse thereto, and comprising a top formed of two thicknesses of said fabric, one of said thicknesses having its fibers running longitudinally of the hat and the other of said thicknesses having its fibers running transversely of the hat, the said thicknesses being stitched together and the edge of said top being turned inwardly; and a side formed of one thickness of said fabric and having its fibers extending vertically of the hat, the upper edge of said side being folded inwardly and downwardly to meet the inwardly turned edge of the top, and a binding covering the said edges of the top and side and stitching extending through all of the overlapping thicknesses of the top, side and binding, and a brim overlapping the inner surface of the lower edge of said side comprising a plurality of thicknesses sewed together.
7. A hat made of a fabric having stiff elastic fibers running in one direction and relatively soft and inelastic threads running transverse thereto, and comprising a top formed of two thicknesses of said fabric, one of said thicknesses having its fibers running longitudinally of the hat and the other of said thicknesses having its fibers running transversely of the hat, the said thicknesses being stitched together 011 lilies parallel to the fibers and the edge of said top being turned inwardly; and a side formed of one thickness of said fabric and having its fibers extending vertically of the hat, the upper edge of said side being folded inwardly and downwardly to meet the inwardly turned edge of the top; a binding covering the said edges of the top and side and stitching extending through all of the overlapping thicknesses of the top, side, and binding; a brim overlapping the inner surface of the lower edge of said side comprisr ing a plurality of thicknesses sewed together, the fibers of one thickness of the brim extending parallel to the sides of the hat and the fibers of a second thickness of the brim In Witness whereof I have hereunto set extending transversely thereto; a strip of my hand this twelfth day of July, A. D. 10 hair cloth stitched to the lower edge of the 1906.
- side and having its fibers extending trans- I T versely to the fibers of the sides; a hat band LOUID VEIB covering said strip; a strip of stiff material VVitnesses: stitched over the outer edge of said brim; ALs'roN B. MoUL'roN,
and a binder covering said strip. ALEXANDER PARK.
US32635206A 1906-07-16 1906-07-16 Head-covering. Expired - Lifetime US917210A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US32635206A US917210A (en) 1906-07-16 1906-07-16 Head-covering.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US32635206A US917210A (en) 1906-07-16 1906-07-16 Head-covering.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US917210A true US917210A (en) 1909-04-06

Family

ID=2985645

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US32635206A Expired - Lifetime US917210A (en) 1906-07-16 1906-07-16 Head-covering.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US917210A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2673349A (en) * 1951-02-28 1954-03-30 Hugh L Key Collapsible hat
US2716753A (en) * 1952-12-18 1955-09-06 Selma S Gordon Shape retaining collapsible cap
US2879518A (en) * 1956-04-17 1959-03-31 Welton Charles L Roy Hat
US3479668A (en) * 1968-06-03 1969-11-25 M & B Headwear Co Inc Waterproof hat construction

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2673349A (en) * 1951-02-28 1954-03-30 Hugh L Key Collapsible hat
US2716753A (en) * 1952-12-18 1955-09-06 Selma S Gordon Shape retaining collapsible cap
US2879518A (en) * 1956-04-17 1959-03-31 Welton Charles L Roy Hat
US3479668A (en) * 1968-06-03 1969-11-25 M & B Headwear Co Inc Waterproof hat construction

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3102755A (en) Seat cover for motor vehicles
US917210A (en) Head-covering.
US2004913A (en) Ventilated engineer's cap
US670857A (en) Hair structure.
US814089A (en) Headwear.
US1177822A (en) Cap.
US1005682A (en) Hat.
US1097133A (en) Cap.
US908197A (en) Head-covering.
KR200495188Y1 (en) A visorshade of a cap
US1895392A (en) Ventilating strip for hats and the like
US849102A (en) Ear-muff attachment for hats.
US286244A (en) wheeler
US854361A (en) Wet-proof footwear.
US213240A (en) Improvement in hats of straw, palm-leaf
US2118583A (en) Sweat band for hats
US949870A (en) Cap.
US1807180A (en) Cap
US1724659A (en) Necktie
US758564A (en) Skirt-braid.
US1791554A (en) Flexible straw hat
US2408610A (en) Fabric hat and method of making the same
US1458008A (en) Filler form
US1895861A (en) Waterproof sweatband structure
US1740234A (en) Straw hat