RU98018U1 - Wall panel - Google Patents

Wall panel Download PDF

Info

Publication number
RU98018U1
RU98018U1 RU2010124970/03U RU2010124970U RU98018U1 RU 98018 U1 RU98018 U1 RU 98018U1 RU 2010124970/03 U RU2010124970/03 U RU 2010124970/03U RU 2010124970 U RU2010124970 U RU 2010124970U RU 98018 U1 RU98018 U1 RU 98018U1
Authority
RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
panel
heat
concrete
protective
metal frame
Prior art date
Application number
RU2010124970/03U
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Виктор Петрович Лутков
Original Assignee
Виктор Петрович Лутков
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Виктор Петрович Лутков filed Critical Виктор Петрович Лутков
Priority to RU2010124970/03U priority Critical patent/RU98018U1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU98018U1 publication Critical patent/RU98018U1/en

Links

Abstract

 Wall panel, including a metal frame, consisting of P and C-shaped profiles, expanded metal mesh connected to the metal frame, coated with a polymer-anticorrosive composition, heat and sound insulator, protective and finishing layers, characterized in that the outer surfaces of the side faces are horizontal and vertical profiles of the metal frame, staggered perforated along the long side of the section, coated with heat-insulating technical cardboard, protective inner and outer layers, made of fiberglass concrete, and a heat and sound insulator made of ultralight cellular composite concrete.

Description

The utility model relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, in particular, to the construction of wall elements of buildings, such as self-supporting external building envelopes, interior and apartment partitions of high-rise buildings, supporting external walls and partitions of low-rise buildings up to 3 floors inclusive.

From the prior art, the outer wall panel is known in the description of the invention to the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2070257, IPC Е04С 2/06, ЕВВ 2/00 from 08.21.1991, publ. 12/10/1996, including concrete with reinforcement made of strings stretched in two rows along the thickness of the panel, characterized in that, in order to increase crack resistance, stiffness, strength and bearing capacity, reduce metal consumption and create the possibility of connecting it with the columns of the building and with each other using a bolted connection, it is equipped with internal anchors located in two rows along the thickness of the panel, the string reinforcement is made of two continuous and closed threads, tensioned on the internal anchors in the form of beams in a biaxial direction, in two rows according to the thickness of the panel, and in the intervals between the longitudinal beams, the reinforcement is pulled diagonally across the anchor with a force in the reinforcing beams of the vertical direction of the panel amounting to 20 to 40% of the effort of a single horizontal beam, the internal anchors are equipped with supporting platforms, fork-shaped outlets with holes in them through which, with the help of rollers, the internal anchors are rigidly interconnected along the thickness of the panel with embedded mortgages of the longitudinal direction, which go into the grooves on the ends of the panel and, for the vertical connection of the panels to each other, the panel is made with recesses on the horizontal edges of the panel and connecting parts extending into the recess by connecting planes with ribs covering the bundles of string reinforcement and used to bolt the panels together when the connecting parts deviate from the design position 30 mm as in longitudinal and transverse directions, as well as lifting loops, while the outer surface of the panel is protected by a moisture-resistant material.

2. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the string reinforcement and anchor are protected by a corrosion-resistant material.

3. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that it is made of cellular concrete.

4. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that it is made of heavy concrete.

5. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that it is made of expanded clay concrete. Disadvantages: high weight, short service life, insufficiently high rigidity, strength, load-bearing ability, thermal protection.

The closest analogue is the wall panel in the description of the invention to the patent of the Russian Federation No. 77622, IPC EV 1/76, EV 2/00, from 04/17/2008, publ. 10.27.2008, including a metal frame with horizontal guiding elements in which vertical racks are rigidly fixed, external and internal fixed formwork and insulation placed between the formwork, characterized in that the metal frame is made in the form of at least two parallel to each other frames with racks installed inside each frame, overlapping racks of the parallel frame, stitched in pairs in a checkerboard pattern so that the insulation plate installed between the racks s audio frame is offset relative to the plate heater mounted in parallel between the uprights of the frame, and the space between the outer and inner permanent formwork is filled with mortar or concrete. 2. The wall panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical racks are made in the form of a C-shaped profile of galvanized steel or a rolled profile of ferrous metals with a design section.

3. The wall panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the horizontal guide elements are made in the form of a U-shaped profile made of galvanized steel or a rolled profile of ferrous metals with a design section.

4. The wall panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical posts and horizontal guides are made of a bent profile made of galvanized steel or a profile of rolled ferrous metals.

5. The wall panel according to claim 1, characterized in that as the insulation using liners of the estimated thickness of the PUF or PSBS.

Disadvantages: high weight, short service life, insufficiently high rigidity, strength and bearing capacity, fire resistance, low resistance of galvanized profiles in the acid-alkaline environment of the concrete matrix, dissimilar materials with different physical and technical characteristics lead to the destruction of the wall panel.

EFFECT: reduced weight, increased service life, increased stiffness, strength and bearing capacity, fire resistance, thermal protection, sound insulation.

The technical result is achieved due to the fact that the wall panel, including the metal frame, consisting of P and C-shaped profiles, expanded metal mesh connected to the metal frame, coated with a polymer-anticorrosive composition, heat insulator, protective and finishing layers, is different the fact that the outer surfaces of the side faces of the horizontal and vertical profiles of the metal frame, perforated in a checkerboard pattern along the long side of the section, are covered with heat-insulating technical cardboard, protective Friction and outer layers are made of glass-fiber, and heat-sound insulator of an ultralight composite porous concrete.

The implementation of the metal frame in the form of a frame, with installed horizontal, vertical perforated profiles, U-shaped profile-horizontal element, C-shaped profile-vertical element, the use of expanded metal designed for the function of fixed formwork, attached on the inside directly to the metal side the faces of the horizontal and vertical elements of the frame profiles, with self-drilling screws, on the outside through a technical heat-insulating technical card he, the implementation of heat and sound insulation of ultralight cellular composite concrete, the implementation of a protective inner layer and a protective outer layer of fiberglass reinforced with expanded metal mesh reduces the weight of the wall panel while increasing strength, service life, increasing its bearing capacity, thermal insulation, sound insulation.

The implementation of the heat and sound insulator made of ultralight cellular composite concrete, which is a homogeneous structural material, is identical to fiberglass concrete, because The basis of their hydrated binder is cement, unlike analogues, consists only of homogeneous, inorganic materials that provide resistance to - alternating temperature and humidity loads throughout the entire life cycle and high fire resistance of the building structure, which leads to an increase in panel service life up to 100 years.

The implementation of the protective inner and outer layer of the metal frame of the panel made of fiberglass reinforced with expanded metal mesh allows the use of a variety of finishing materials and coatings for the manufacture of external walling, both for the outer and inner sides of the wall panel.

The inventive wall panel assumes the possibility of manufacturing panels with ready-made cladding for simulating the finish: natural stone, brick, wood siding, abstract geometric pattern of the wall surface, as well as facing the surface with porcelain stoneware or other systems of ventilated facades.

Perforating the length of the side of the cross-section of metal profiles in a checkerboard pattern provides a decrease in the thermal conductivity of the profiles, increases the adhesion of the heat-insulating layer to the metal frame, which leads to an increase in strength, durability, increase in the bearing capacity of the claimed wall panel.

Coating with a polymer-anticorrosive composition of metal perforated profiles and a metal mesh ensures the viability of the metal frame of the wall panel in the acid-base environment of the concrete matrix of the heat and sound insulator and the fiberglass-concrete protective sheath of the panel.

Attaching heat-insulating technical cardboard on the outer surface of the side face of each horizontal and vertical element of a perforated metal profile lowers the thermal conductivity of the panel, protects the frame from the acid-base environment of concrete, and increases the service life.

The implementation of the protective inner layer and the protective outer layer of fiberglass reinforced with expanded metal mesh, filling the frame structure with ultra-lightweight cellular concrete-heat-sound insulator based on hollow glass microspheres closed with cement-silica gel provides increased thermal protection. The structure of the heat and sound insulator, consisting of 38% of hollow glass microspheres with a size of 55.0-300.0 microns, hydrocarbon nanotubes 20-50 Nm, reflects the heat flux of the infrared spectrum of radiation energy both inside and outside the structure.

The implementation of heat and sound insulation of ultralight cellular concrete, a protective inner layer and a protective outer layer of fiberglass concrete provides a reduction in the weight of the building panel, an increase in service life, increased stiffness, strength and bearing capacity, fire resistance, thermal insulation, and its sound insulation.

A comparative analysis of the proposed solutions with the prototype allows us to conclude that the claimed wall panel differs from the known analogues in the totality of significant distinguishing features, and meets the criterion of "novelty."

The essence of the proposed utility model is illustrated in the drawing, where Figure 1 shows a General view of the panel in section.

The wall panel includes a metal frame 1, staggered perforated metal horizontal 2 and vertical 3 profiles, expanded metal mesh 4, a heat and sound insulator 5 made of ultra-lightweight cellular concrete, protective inner 6 and outer 7 layers made of fiberglass concrete, reinforced expanded metal mesh 4. The metal frame 1 is made in the form of a frame with installed vertical 3 C-shaped with perforated profiles and horizontal 2 U-shaped perforated profiles. Expanded mesh 4, attached to the frame 1. The frame 1 and the mesh 4 are coated with a polymer-anticorrosive composition. On the outer surface of the side face 8 of each horizontal perforated metal profile 2 and vertical perforated metal profile 3, heat-insulating technical cardboard 9 is attached.

Wall panel is made as follows.

On specially prepared stands, a full-size matrix is laid - a polyurethane form - a volumetric image carrier of the Reckli type. Fiber-reinforced concrete 10-15 mm thick, mixed with white cement, is mechanically applied to the matrix, but it can also be painted according to the color design decision. A frame is prepared separately from light thin-walled structures (LSTC) -perforated profiles from black low-carbon steel with a given cross section of 100-300 mm. Profiles are welded at the joints by spot welding. On the outer surface of the side face of each profile, heat-insulating technical cardboard is attached.

The frame on both sides is sheathed with a fixed formwork - expanded metal mesh. All metal structures are coated with an anti-corrosion compound. The finished metal frame is placed on the prepared fiberglass-concrete matrix. A heat and sound insulator consisting of ultra-lightweight cellular composite concrete is pumped into the perforated holes of the permanent formwork of the expanded mesh. The excess ultralight cellular composite concrete is removed from the inner edge of the panel, from the grid. Upon reaching a certain percentage of the strength of the heat and sound insulator, a layer of fiberglass concrete with a thickness of 10-15 mm is applied to the inner edge of the panel. on expanded metal mesh. Fiberglass concrete is rolled up and compacted to the design thickness with a satisfactory surface characteristic in terms of quality, under the sticker of the wallpaper or final painting in the future.

The entire process of panel formation takes place continuously in a horizontal position on a low-sided reusable bench. According to the set of strength, the panel is transported to a low-temperature drying chamber at a temperature of 45-50 ° C for 6-8 hours, until the transport strength sets, then to the finished goods warehouse or to the construction site.

Technical and economic effect.

Using the utility model reduces the weight of the wall panel by 11.5 times compared to analogues, increases the service life to 100 years., Increases rigidity, strength and load-bearing capacity, fire resistance (360 minutes of an open flame), thermal protection, heat and sound insulation (over 90 dB through dry air) her. At the same time, the labor productivity of construction workers increases by 4.5 times, the cost of 1 square meter decreases. panels by 2.3 times, the quality of housing hygiene and comfort are increased, and as a result, the incidence rate of residents is reduced.

List of items

1 - metal frame

2 - horizontal guide element of the frame,

3 - vertical guide element of the frame,

4 - expanded metal mesh,

5 - heat and sound insulator (a layer of ultralight cellular concrete),

6 - protective inner layer,

7 - protective outer layer,

8 - the outer surface of the side face,

9 - cardboard thermal insulation, technical.

Claims (1)

  1. Wall panel, including a metal frame, consisting of P and C-shaped profiles, expanded metal mesh connected to the metal frame, coated with a polymer-anticorrosive composition, heat and sound insulator, protective and finishing layers, characterized in that the outer surfaces of the side faces are horizontal and vertical profiles of the metal frame, staggered perforated along the long side of the section, coated with heat-insulating technical cardboard, protective inner and outer layers, made of fiberglass concrete, and a heat and sound insulator made of ultralight cellular composite concrete.
    Figure 00000001
RU2010124970/03U 2010-06-17 2010-06-17 Wall panel RU98018U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2010124970/03U RU98018U1 (en) 2010-06-17 2010-06-17 Wall panel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2010124970/03U RU98018U1 (en) 2010-06-17 2010-06-17 Wall panel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
RU98018U1 true RU98018U1 (en) 2010-09-27

Family

ID=42940725

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
RU2010124970/03U RU98018U1 (en) 2010-06-17 2010-06-17 Wall panel

Country Status (1)

Country Link
RU (1) RU98018U1 (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014199241A1 (en) * 2013-06-12 2014-12-18 Hamid Hojaji Glass microspheres and methods of making glass microspheres
RU2600813C1 (en) * 2015-07-01 2016-10-27 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Вологодский государственный университет" (ВоГУ) Method of making sound-insulating panels or blocks
RU170183U1 (en) * 2016-09-15 2017-04-18 Гребенькова Екатерина Геннадьевна Two-layer building panel
US9643876B2 (en) 2015-10-04 2017-05-09 Hamid Hojaji Microspheres and methods of making the same
RU2678340C1 (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-01-28 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью фирма "ВЕФТ" Method of constructing walls and wall partitions
US10196296B2 (en) 2015-01-17 2019-02-05 Hamid Hojaji Fluid permeable and vacuumed insulating microspheres and methods of producing the same
RU188669U1 (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-19 Ди Эм Ди Трэйд энд Индастриз Инк Frame-monolithic building construction "Atlas"
RU2694870C1 (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-07-17 Николай Валерьевич Денисов Method of producing acoustic panel from reinforced concrete with embossing
RU196310U1 (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-25 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Национальная энергетическая компания" (ООО "НЭК") Design with inner and outer lining on the LSTK frame with filling the inner cavity with foam concrete

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014199241A1 (en) * 2013-06-12 2014-12-18 Hamid Hojaji Glass microspheres and methods of making glass microspheres
US9016090B2 (en) 2013-06-12 2015-04-28 Hamid Hojaji Glass microspheres comprising sulfide, and methods of producing glass microspheres
US10196296B2 (en) 2015-01-17 2019-02-05 Hamid Hojaji Fluid permeable and vacuumed insulating microspheres and methods of producing the same
RU2600813C1 (en) * 2015-07-01 2016-10-27 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Вологодский государственный университет" (ВоГУ) Method of making sound-insulating panels or blocks
US9643876B2 (en) 2015-10-04 2017-05-09 Hamid Hojaji Microspheres and methods of making the same
RU170183U1 (en) * 2016-09-15 2017-04-18 Гребенькова Екатерина Геннадьевна Two-layer building panel
RU2678340C1 (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-01-28 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью фирма "ВЕФТ" Method of constructing walls and wall partitions
RU2694870C1 (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-07-17 Николай Валерьевич Денисов Method of producing acoustic panel from reinforced concrete with embossing
RU188669U1 (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-19 Ди Эм Ди Трэйд энд Индастриз Инк Frame-monolithic building construction "Atlas"
RU196310U1 (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-25 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Национальная энергетическая компания" (ООО "НЭК") Design with inner and outer lining on the LSTK frame with filling the inner cavity with foam concrete

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8776476B2 (en) Composite building and panel systems
CN102505763B (en) Externally laid masonry composite heat-insulating sintered building block exterior wall heat insulating system
US9951519B2 (en) Composite wall panel, wall system and components thereof, and a method of construction thereof
AU2017203291B2 (en) Stronger wall system
Van De Kuilen et al. Very tall wooden buildings with cross laminated timber
CN103015565B (en) Prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and building construction method
US4774794A (en) Energy efficient building system
CA2641755C (en) Building panels with support members extending partially through the panels and method therefor
US7681368B1 (en) Concrete composite wall panel
CN102433955B (en) Assembling prefabricated light steel composite load-bearing wall panel
US10329764B2 (en) Prefabricated demising and end walls
US20140059961A1 (en) Prefabricated thermal insulating composite panel, assembly thereof, moulded panel and concrete slab comprising same, method and mould profile for prefabricating same
Macillo et al. Seismic response of CFS shear walls sheathed with nailed gypsum panels: Experimental tests
US4478018A (en) Thermal break exterior insulated wall framing system
CN100464043C (en) Bound-type composite heat-insulation wall with support body
TW200907152A (en) Gypsum wood fiber structural insulated panel arrangement
Sharafi et al. Lateral force resisting systems in lightweight steel frames: Recent research advances
KR101050297B1 (en) Seismic reinforcement panel composite and seismic reinforcement construction method using the same
CN101936046A (en) Heat preservation composite wall provided with meshed plaster on two sides
US20120167507A1 (en) Building Panels with Support Members Extending Partially Through the Panels and Method Therefor
US20150052838A1 (en) Laminate building materials and methods of making and installing the same
CN202611016U (en) Thermal insulating wall on concrete overhanging eaves board
WO2011152937A1 (en) Barrier wall and method of forming wall panels between vertical wall stiffeners with support members extending partially through the wall panels
CN105421818B (en) Built-in steel Standard house
ES2315154B1 (en) Structural panels connected for buildings.

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
MM1K Utility model has become invalid (non-payment of fees)

Effective date: 20101110