KR100891360B1 - Aseok, pigment-particle, absorbency-particle and it uses this to form on the surface of the brick to design and color - Google Patents

Aseok, pigment-particle, absorbency-particle and it uses this to form on the surface of the brick to design and color Download PDF

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KR100891360B1
KR100891360B1 KR1020080127304A KR20080127304A KR100891360B1 KR 100891360 B1 KR100891360 B1 KR 100891360B1 KR 1020080127304 A KR1020080127304 A KR 1020080127304A KR 20080127304 A KR20080127304 A KR 20080127304A KR 100891360 B1 KR100891360 B1 KR 100891360B1
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South Korea
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clay
brick
weight
color
pigment
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KR1020080127304A
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Korean (ko)
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권용우
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주식회사 한일세라믹
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C3/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing ornamental structures
    • B44C3/04Modelling plastic materials, e.g. clay
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D1/00Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials
    • B05D1/02Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials performed by spraying
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/04Clay; Kaolin

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Dispersion Chemistry (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Ceramic Engineering (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Finishing Walls (AREA)

Abstract

A method for forming design and color on the surface of a brick is provided, in which the whitening expressed on the surface is prevented. A method for forming design and color on the surface of a brick is constituted as follows. The brick is molded by using the mixture consisting of the clay 30 weight%, the polishing sand 30 weight%, and fly ash 40 weight%. Aseok comprising clay 30 weight%, zircon 30 weight%, frit 20 weight%, flux 15 weight%, phosphoric acid soda 5 weight%, coloring oxide is applied on the surface of the brick by using an injection machine. The pigment-particle is sprinkled on the aseok or the absorbent material is sprayed on the aseok. The brick is dried at 150deg.C for 24 hours. The unpainted part is removed. The diluent is sprayed by the spray gun. The brick is sintered in a kiln at 1150deg.C for 12 hours and is cooled.

Description

분장토, 색소물질, 흡착성물질와 그를 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시키는 방법{Aseok, Pigment-particle, Absorbency-particle and it uses this to form on the surface of the brick to design and color}Aseok, Pigment-particle, Absorbency-particle and it uses this to form on the surface of the brick to design and color}

본 발명 벽돌표면에 다양한 색상 및 무늬디자인을 표현함으로서 미적효과를 주는 분장토, 색소물질, 흡착성물질와 그를 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시키는 방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a method for forming a design and color on the surface of the brick using a clay, pigment material, adsorbent material and aesthetic effect by expressing a variety of colors and patterns on the brick surface.

일반적으로 벽돌이라 함은 시멘트를 이용한 시멘트 벽돌과 점토를 이용한 점토 벽돌로 구분되며, 점토 벽돌의 일반적인 제조 공정은 소지토의 제조, 성형, 건조, 소성, 제품의 순서로 이루어진다.In general, brick is classified into cement brick using cement and clay brick using clay, and a general manufacturing process of clay brick is performed in order of manufacturing, molding, drying, firing, and product of clay.

점토벽돌은 점토, 황토, 소량의 카오린, 마사토를 적당량 배합하여 진공토련하여 압출성형한 다음, 성형된 벽돌을 건조시킨 다음, 소성가마에서 1150℃에서 12시간 소성하여 제조하고 있다.Clay bricks are prepared by mixing clay, loess, small amount of kaolin and masato in an appropriate amount by vacuum drilling, extruding them, drying the molded bricks, and then firing at 1150 ° C. for 12 hours in a kiln.

점토질 벽돌의 제조 특성상 소지 제조시 사용되는 원료는 조합분쇄하여 만드는 것이 아니라 괴상원료 일부를 제외하고는 주원료인 점토와 혼합하여 토련을 하고 습식성형에 의하여 이루어지기 때문에 일반 도기, 자기 및 외장재와는 달리 소 지표면이 거칠고 다공질이다. Due to the manufacturing characteristics of clay bricks, the raw materials used for the manufacture of materials are not made by combination grinding but are mixed with clay, which is the main raw material, except for some bulk raw materials. Small surface is rough and porous.

따라서 건축 외장재 및 마감재로서 요구되는 내구성, 강도, 견고성 등이 다소 부족한 면이 있었으며, 점토 벽돌로 시공했을 때 외관이 일률적으로 평면이어서 건물 전체로서 아무런 장식미를 주지 못하는 문제점을 해결하고자 많은 연구가 있어 왔다. Therefore, there was a lack of durability, strength, and robustness required for building exterior materials and finishing materials, and there have been many studies to solve the problem that the exterior is not flat as a whole because the exterior is uniformly flat when constructed with clay brick. .

국내등록특허공보 등록번호 제10-0727375호에는 점토 벽돌 제조 방법에 있어서,(A) 점토 혼합물을 압출 성형기를 통해 점토 압출 성형물을 생성하는 점토 압출 성형물 생성 단계;(B) 천연광물을 조합하여 볼밀에 습식미분쇄하여 만들어진 엔고베유를 상기 (A)단계에서 생성된 점토 압출 성형물의 상면에 분사시유기법으로 시유처리하는 엔고베유 시유처리단계;(C) 황토분, 맥반석분, 게르마늄분의 바이오광물과 유약원료 프리트를 혼합배합하여 미분쇄 공정을 거쳐 건식으로 분말유를 제조한 다음 상기 (B)단계에서 생성된 엔고베유가 시유처리된 점토 압출 성형물의 상면에 이중표면 처리하는 이중표면 처리단계;(D) 상기 (C)단계에서 생성된 성형물 상면에 이중표면 처리된 점토 압출 성형물을 소정의 간격으로 절단하여 벽돌 형상의 성형물을 생성하는 점토 벽돌 성형물 생성단계;(E) 상기 (D)단계에서 생성된 점토 벽돌 성형물을 건조하는 단계;(F) 상기 (E)단계에서 건조된 점토 벽돌 성형물을 가열로에서 열처리하는 단계;로 이루어지는 것을 특징으로 하는 점토 벽돌 제조방법이 공개되어 있고,In Korean Patent Publication No. 10-0727375, in the clay brick manufacturing method, (A) clay extrusion molding step of producing a clay extrusion molding the clay mixture through an extrusion molding machine; (B) ball mill in combination with natural minerals Engobe oil milking step of the oil-treated endo-gobe oil produced by the wet grinding in the above (A) the clay extrusion molded product produced by the injection molding method; (C) bio-mineral of ocher powder, ganban stone powder, germanium powder A double surface treatment step of mixing and mixing the glaze raw material frit to produce powdered oil through a pulverization process and then double-treating the upper surface of the clay extruded oil-treated clay produced in step (B); (D) clay for cutting brick extrusion molded products having a double surface treatment on the upper surface of the molding produced in step (C) at predetermined intervals to produce a brick-shaped molding (E) drying the clay brick molding produced in the step (D); (F) heat treating the clay brick molding dried in the step (E) in a heating furnace; Clay brick manufacturing method to be disclosed,

동 공보 등록번호 제10-0415329호에는 석탄재 분말 30%에 카올린 분말 50%, 점토 5%, 장석 15%의 비로 혼합건식분쇄하여 얻은 원료를 벽돌 및 바닥재로 성형후 그 성형물을 소성온도가 1,160℃로 설정된 터널가마에서 소성하도록 하는 것을 특징으로 하는 석탄재를 이용한 벽돌 및 바닥재의 제조방법이 기재되어 있으며, Publication No. 10-0415329 discloses a raw material obtained by mixing and pulverizing a mixture of 30% coal ash powder, 50% kaolin powder, 5% clay, and 15% feldspar into bricks and flooring materials, and then firing the molded product at a firing temperature of 1,160 ° C. It describes a method for producing bricks and floors using coal ash, characterized in that to be fired in a tunnel kiln set to

동 공보 등록번호 제10-0609929호에는 젖은 소지의 벽돌 표면에 가소성점토, 백토, 고령토, 장석, 유리가루, 후리트 등으로 구성된 조성물을 2∼6MM 입자로 하여 가압 안착시켜 건조 후 소성함으로써 각각의 반점 색상이 명확히 구분되면서 서로 조화를 이루는 천연 대리석과 같은 질감의 점토 벽돌을 제조하는 방법이 기술되어 있고,Korean Patent Publication No. 10-0609929 discloses a composition composed of plastic clay, white clay, kaolin, feldspar, glass powder, frit, etc. on the surface of wet body brick by pressurized seating with 2 to 6 mm particles, followed by drying and firing. Describes how to make clay bricks of a natural marble-like texture, in which the spot colors are clearly distinguished and harmonize with each other,

동 공보 등록번호 제10-0549962호에는 점토블록을 조성할 원료를 분쇄하여 혼련하는 제토과정과; 상기 제토과정에서 가공된 원료를 일정 형상으로 연속 압출한 후 상기 압출되는 원료의 표면에는 점토질 10 ~ 90중량%, 석재질 10 ~ 90중량%로 조성된 조성물에 이 조성물의 전체 중량%에 대하여 메틸셀룰로오스 0.4 ~ 1중량%, 제3무수인산나트륨 1 ~ 10중량%, 용융제 5 ~ 10중량%가 첨가된 조성물로서, 상기 메틸셀룰로오스와 제3무수인산나트륨 중 어느 하나 이상은 반드시 첨가되고 상기 용융제는 선택적으로 첨가되어 전체 수분이 30 ~ 45중량 상기 성형과정이 완료된 점토블록의 수분을 제거하여 형상을 굳히는 건조과정과; 상기 건조과정을 통과한 점토블록을 1100 ~ 1250℃의 온도로 구워내는 소성과정이 포함된 것을 특징으로 하는 유약조성물을 도포한 점토블록 제조방법이 알려져 있으며,Korean Patent Publication No. 10-0549962 includes a clay process of pulverizing and kneading raw materials to form a clay block; After continuously extruding the raw material processed in the clay process to a predetermined shape, methyl to 10% by weight of the total composition of the composition in the composition composed of 10 to 90% by weight of clay, 10 to 90% by weight of stone on the surface of the raw material is extruded 0.4 to 1% by weight of cellulose, 1 to 10% by weight of tertiary sodium phosphate, and 5 to 10% by weight of a melting agent, wherein at least one of the methyl cellulose and the third sodium anhydrous phosphate is necessarily added and the melted The agent is optionally added to the total moisture of 30 ~ 45 weight Drying process to solidify the shape by removing the moisture of the clay block in which the molding process is completed; It is known a clay block manufacturing method of applying a glaze composition, characterized in that it comprises a baking process for baking the clay block passed through the drying process at a temperature of 1100 ~ 1250 ℃,

동 공보 등록번호 제10-0047404호에는 습식원료로서 점토와 안료, 물을 배합, 분쇄, 교반한 단색혼합물(A)을 각각 다른 여러 가지 색상별로 만들고, 건식원료로서 도석, 장석, 규석, 납석을 분쇄, 교반한 혼합물(B)을 만든 다음 각각의 단 색 혼합물(A)에 혼합물(B)을 배합한 후 숙성하여 각각 다른 여러 가지 색상의 단색 숙성물을 만들고 각각의 단색숙성물을 소정의 형태로 절단한후 절단된 2가지 이상의 단색 숙성물을 합하여 유압 성형기에서 성형하고 자연건조와 강제건조를 한후 소성, 가공 처리함을 특징으로 하는 다색상 혼합무늬를 갖는 요업자재의 제조방법이 공개되어 있고, Publication No. 10-0047404 discloses monochromatic mixtures (A) mixed, pulverized, and agitated in clay, pigment, and water as wet raw materials for different colors, and pottery, feldspar, quartzite and feldspar as dry raw materials. The mixture (B) was pulverized and stirred, and then the mixture (B) was combined with each of the monochromatic mixtures (A), followed by aging to produce a monochromatic substance of different colors, and each monochromatic substance was formed into a predetermined form. A method of manufacturing a ceramic material having a multicolor mixed pattern, which is characterized by combining two or more single-colored matured products which are cut after cutting, and molding in a hydraulic molding machine, performing natural drying and forced drying, and then firing and processing. ,

동 공보 등록번호 제10-1994-0025982호에는 톱밥을 적정크기(콩알크기) 또는 수분에 강한 풀과 혼합하여 적정크기로 만들어 건조시키는 것 외에 고온에서 탈수 있는 이와 유사하게 하는 것을 제1공정으로 일반적 벽돌류 제조공정의 원토류와 혼합하는 것을 제3공정으로하여 벽돌류 공장에서 사용하는 원토류를 아주 부드럽게 볼밀 작업한 제2공정의 원토를 벽돌전면에 일정두께로 동시 가압하여 붙여 나가면서 여러 가지 모양의 벽돌류를 성형하는 것을 제4공정으로 하여 이를 건조해서 표면에 유약을 1차 이상 바르는 것과 바르지 않은 2종류의 벽돌류를 소성로에 넣어 500∼1500℃에서 소성하는 것을 제5공정으로 하여 제조하는 방법이 공개되어 있으며,Publication No. 10-1994-0025982 discloses that sawdust is mixed with a suitable size (bean grain size) or moisture resistant grass to make it suitable size and dried, and similar to dehydration at high temperature. Mixing with the raw materials of the brick manufacturing process is the third process, and the raw materials of the second process, which ball milled the raw materials used in the brick mills very smoothly, are pressed simultaneously to a certain thickness on the entire surface of the bricks. Forming bricks of the shape as a fourth process, drying them, applying glaze on the surface more than 1st, and putting two kinds of bricks that are not applied into the kiln and firing at 500 ~ 1500 ℃ as the fifth process How to do this

동 공보 등록번호 제10-0204204호에는 벽돌용 반죽원료를 투입하여 직사각형 단면으로 압출물을 압출한 후 여러 개 분량을 뭉치로 한꺼번에 절단하는 원 커팅부와 원 커팅된 소재를 요업제품의 크기로 나뉘게 절단하는 다단 절단부, 건조부, 소성부로 구성된 벽돌, 바닥타일 등의 요업제품 제조공정에 있어서, 소재압출용 토련기와 원 커팅부 사이에 압출물의 표면에다 흠집(요철)을 내는 스크래핑부; 흠집난 압출물의 표면에 쿠션롤을 가볍게 접촉시켜 유약을 도포하는 바탕유약 도포부; 1차 유약이 도포된 압출물의 표면에 과립으로 된 유,무색 세라믹립을 뿌려주는 유,무색 세라믹립 살포부; 상기 유,무색 세라믹립의 표면에 2차 유약을 분사하여 유,무색 세라믹립의 입자 사이로 스며들게 하는 표면유약 도포부; 표면유약으로 적셔진 유,무색 세라믹립 위에 유색 세라믹 안료립을 살포하는 유색 세라믹 안료립 살포부; 유색 세라믹 안료립을 눌러붙이는 가압부를 배치하여 소재의 표면에 유,무색 세라믹립과 유색 세라믹 안료립이 부착, 소성된 소성물을 얻는 것을 특징으로 한 세라믹으로 표면처리된 요업제품의 제조방법이 기술되어 있고,In Korean Patent Publication No. 10-0204204, the raw material for brick is extruded into a rectangular cross section, and the raw cutting part and the raw cut material are divided into the size of ceramic products. In the manufacturing process of ceramic products, such as bricks, floor tiles, etc. consisting of a multi-stage cutting unit, a drying unit, a firing unit to cut, a scraping unit for making scratches (unevenness) on the surface of the extrudate between the material extruder and the original cutting unit; A base glaze coating unit for applying a glaze by lightly contacting the cushion roll to the surface of the scratched extrudate; The oil in the granules in the surface extrudate primary glaze is coated, ceramic colorless oil lip, the lip portion colorless ceramic spraying the ppuryeoju; The oil, by spraying a second glazing the surfaces of ceramic colorless oil lip, the surface glaze application unit to penetrate between the particles of the ceramic colorless lip; A colored ceramic pigment lip spray unit for spraying colored ceramic pigment grains on the oil- and colorless ceramic grains wetted with a surface glaze; On the surface of the material by placing a pressed paste by pressing the colored ceramic pigment lip oil, colorless, ceramic granules and the colored ceramic pigment lip is attached, the surface-treated with a ceramic characterized by obtaining the fired fired ceramics production method The technique of It is,

동 공보 등록번호 제0384419호에는 건조된 벽돌소지 표면에 색소를 함유한 습식유를 도포하여 소성하거나, 벽돌 상단을 1~2㎜ 가량 필링하고 고무주걱 등으로 골고루 펼친 뒤, 엠보싱롤러를 이용하여 소정의 무늬를 형성케 한 뒤 분말 소금을 도포하는 방법이 기재되어 있으며, Publication No. 0384419 is applied by baking wet oil containing pigments on the surface of dried bricks or baking, or peeling the top of the brick about 1-2mm, evenly spread with a rubber spatula, etc. It describes how to apply powder salt after forming a pattern of

동 공보 등록번호 특허 제0408756호에는 건조된 성형체 표면을 침지 및 분사하는 등의 과정을 거쳐 도포하는 방법이 공개되어 있고,Korean Patent Publication No. 0408756 discloses a method of applying through a process such as dipping and spraying a dried molded surface,

국내등록실용신안공보 등록번호 제20-0289794호에는 카오린(10-20%), 도석(5-15%), 장석(5-15%), 규석(20-30%), 와목점토(20-30%), CMC접착제(0-5%), 규산소다(0-5%)와 원하는 칼라를 얻을 수 있도록 발색산화물(산화철, 산화구리, 산화코발트, 산화크롬, 산화망간, 산화티타늄 등)을 첨가함으로서 다양한 색상을 연출할 수 있는 자기토(無釉 및 有釉)가 알려져 있으며,   Registered Korean Utility Model Registration No. 20-0289794 discloses kaolin (10-20%), pottery stone (5-15%), feldspar (5-15%), quartzite (20-30%) and wamok clay (20- 30%), CMC adhesive (0-5%), sodium silicate (0-5%) and chromium oxides (iron oxide, copper oxide, cobalt oxide, chromium oxide, manganese oxide, titanium oxide, etc.) to achieve the desired color. It is known that magnetic soils which can produce various colors by adding

동 공보 등록번호 제20-0389242호에는 소지상태의 점토벽돌(60)로 도포되어 다색무늬를 연출시키는 원료가 투입되는 원료호퍼(50)와, 롤러축(14)을 매개로 양 측의 지지베어링(22) 중앙에 회전가능하게 설치되어 상기 원료호퍼(50)의 저부에 밀착 설치되면서 표면에는 요철형태의 음각부(12)가 형성된 요철압착롤러(42)와,이송되는 점토벽돌(60) 소지가 상기 원료호퍼(50) 아래쪽으로 통과되면서 상기 요철압착롤러(42)에 의해 압착되어 다색무늬 원료가 도포되도록 모터축(32)을 매개로 상기 요철압착롤러의 롤러축(14)과 동력 연결되는 감속기(30)와,상기 지지베어링(22)이 양측에 설치된 롤러지지대(20) 및, 상기 원료호퍼(50)가 상기 요철압착롤러(42) 위에 밀착되게 설치되는 호퍼지지구(24)를 포함하여 제품 구성된 것을 특징으로 하는 다색무늬 점토벽돌 제조장치가 공개되어 있고, Publication No. 20-0389242 discloses a support hopper on both sides via a raw material hopper 50 and a roller shaft 14 to which a raw material which is applied as a clay brick 60 in a state of possession to produce a multicolored pattern is introduced. (22) is rotatably installed in the center and is installed in close contact with the bottom of the raw material hopper 50, the concave-convex compression roller 42 is formed on the surface of the concave-convex portion 12, and the clay brick 60 to be transported Is connected to the roller shaft 14 of the concave-convex compression roller through the motor shaft 32 so that the raw material hopper 50 passes under the concave-convex compression roller 42 and the multi-colored pattern is applied. It includes a reduction gear 30, a roller support 20, the support bearing 22 is installed on both sides, and a hopper support 24, the raw material hopper 50 is in close contact with the uneven compression roller 42. Multi-colored patterned clay brick manufacturing apparatus, characterized in that the product is configured And the dog,

기타 성형기에서 성형된 젖은 상태의 벽돌 소지 표면에 모래, 장석, 소금 등을 뿌리거나, 국내공개특허공보 공개번호 특2002-0055467에서와 같이 건식 유약 분말을 뿌리거나, 동 공보 공개번호 제10-2004-0026744에서와 같이 아연 제조 부산물인 깨알 크기의 혹과립 분말을 뿌리거나, 동 공보 공개번호 특2002-005468에서와 같이 화장토 분말을 뿌려서 벽돌을 제조하는 방법이 알려져 있다.Sprinkle sand, feldspar, salt, etc. on the surface of the wet brick formed in other molding machines, or spray dry glaze powder as in Korean Patent Laid-Open Publication No. 2002-0055467, or Publication No. 10-2004 A method of preparing bricks is known by sprinkling powder of fine grains of sesame seed, which is a by-product of zinc production as in -0026744, or by spraying cremated soil powder as in Published Publication No. 2002-005468.

상기와 같은 종래의 방법들은 다양한 색상을 나타내는 점토벽돌은 색상이 일정하여 단조로움이 있고, 제조 공정상 원료의 가격과 오일가격이 높아 생산효율이 낮고, 성의이 없고 건축물의 디자인 및 색상이 다양하지 못하며, 디자인 및 색상을 다양화하지 못하여 건축 및 거리의 미적효과를 주지 못하는 문제점을 본 발명이 해결하고자 하는 과제인 것이다.In the conventional methods as described above, clay bricks exhibiting various colors are monotonous because of constant color, low production efficiency due to high raw material price and oil price in the manufacturing process, no sincerity, and various designs and colors of buildings. The problem to be solved by the present invention is not to diversify the design and color, which does not give the aesthetic effect of architecture and street.

본 발명은 상기와 같은 과제를 해결하기 위하여, 석탄회를 주로하여 점토벽돌을 성형하여 일정시간 건조시킨 다음, 분장토를 점토벽돌 상부에 도포한 다음, 양각디자인 롤을 회전시켜, 표면에 요홈부가 구비된 디자인을 형성시켜 건조시킨 후에, 색소물질 또는 흡착성물질를 시유하여 소성로에 장입시켜 소성후 서냉시키는 공정들을 연속공정으로 하여 제조하는 벽돌 표면에 사용되는 분장토, 색소물질, 흡착성물질와 그를 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시키는 방법을 제공하는 것이 본 발명이 이루고자 하는 과제해결 수단인 것이다.The present invention, in order to solve the above problems, mainly by forming a clay brick and drying for a predetermined time, and then applying the clay to the clay brick top, and then rotating the embossed design roll, the groove is provided on the surface After forming and drying the designed design, it is charged into the kiln with pigment or adsorbent material, and it is a process of making clay, pigment material, adsorbent material and brick surface by using the same. It is a problem solving means that the present invention is to provide a method for forming the design and color in the.

상기한 바와 같이 본 발명은 표면에 숯 또는 바이오사용 환경 친화적 제품을사용할 수도 있고, 다양한 디자인과 색상을 벽돌 표면에 구현할 수 있고, 표면으로 표출되는 백화현상을 방지하며, 해풍으로 인한 소금기 표면침투 방지로 소지의 조직붕괴로 인한 균열 박리방지하며, 소지의 색상은 저렴한 원자재 값으로 사용되는 경제적인 효과가 있는 것이다.As described above, the present invention may use charcoal or bio-use environmentally friendly products on the surface, implement various designs and colors on the brick surface, prevent whitening phenomenon expressed on the surface, and prevent salty surface penetration due to sea wind. It prevents crack peeling due to tissue collapse of the body, and the color of the body has economical effect that is used as a cheap raw material value.

상기와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위하여, 본 발명은 점토 중량 %, 마사 30 중량 % 및 석탄회 40 중량 % 로 조성된 혼합물로 벽돌을 성형한 다음, 그 표면에In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is the shaping of the bricks in the mixture composition in% by weight clay, 30% by weight of the Masai and fly ash 40% by weight of the following, that the surface

점토30kg, 지르콘 30kg, , 후리트20kg, 후락스 15kg, 인산소다 5kg과, 착색산화물(무기안료)을 인산소다와 동일한 양을 분쇄기에 투입하여 1mm 채에 통과하도록 분쇄하여 분장토를 제조한 후, 상기 분장토를 사출기로부터 사출시킨 벽돌 표면에 도포하고 평Roll을 회전시켜 접착시킨 다음, 직경 1.8mm이하 입자크기의 장석 100kg, 착색산화물(무기안료)5kg, 접착제(일본MOVIBOND회사 제품 상품명 노비본드(NOVIBOND)) 5kg을 혼합하여 200℃에서 30분 건조후 색소물질를 제조한 후에, 상기 색소물질를 분장토 상부에 도장하거나,톱밥100kg, 착색산화물(무기안료)5kg, 물100kg로 혼합된 흡착성물질을 200℃에서 30분 건조 후, 분장토의 상부에 도포한 다음, 음양각의 무늬 디자인 롤을 회전시켜 요철 및 무늬를 형성함과 동시에 카팅 및 부라쉬로 미도장된 부분을 제거하고 인산소다20 중량 %, 물 80 중량 %로 조성된 희석액을 스프레이건으로 분사한 후에, 150℃에서 24시간 건조한 다음, 소성로에 장입시켜 1150℃에서 12시간 소성, 서냉시켜 분장토, 색소물질, 흡착성물질와 그를 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시키는 방법인 것이다.30 kg of clay, 30 kg of zircon, 20 kg of frit, 15 kg of flox, 5 kg of sodium phosphate, and colored oxides (inorganic pigments) are added to the same amount of sodium phosphate into the grinder and pulverized to pass under 1 mm to prepare powdered clay. , which applied to the brick surface injecting the make-up soil from the injection machine, and was rotated to adhere the flat Roll next, diameter 1.8mm or less particle size of the feldspar 100kg, coloring oxide (inorganic pigment) 5kg, adhesive (Japanese MOVIBOND Ltd. trade name Nobi bond (NOVIBOND) After mixing 5 kg and drying the pigment material at 200 ° C. for 30 minutes, the pigment material is coated on the top of the clay, or 100 kg of sawdust, 5 kg of colored oxides (inorganic pigments) and 100 kg of water are mixed with an adsorbent material. on the 200 ℃ 30 bun dried, coated on the top make-up soil, and then, by rotating the design of the roll eumyanggak remove the non-coating portion and a kating bridle rest and at the same time forming a concave-convex pattern, and the phosphoric acid and soda 20 %, After the injection the diluent composition with 80 parts by weight water% spray gun, was charged into a dried at 150 ℃ 24 hours, a calcination furnace to 12 hours baking, slow cooling from 1150 ℃ make-up soil, the coloring matter substance, adsorption muljilwa by him brick It is a method of forming a design and color on the surface.

본 발명은 석탄회로 조성된 혼합물을 통상의 벽돌제조장치에 의해 벽돌을 제조함으로서 석탄회에 잔류하는 석탄의 연소로 소성연료를 절감하는 역할을 하고, 40 중량 %가 적당하다.The present invention serves to reduce the firing fuel by the combustion of coal remaining in the coal ash by producing a brick of the mixture formed by the coal circuit by a conventional brick manufacturing apparatus, 40% by weight is suitable.

분장토는 성형된 벽돌 표면에 3㎜ 도포한 다음, 평롤라로 압착하여 부착시키는 방법인 것이다. 상기 분장토에 사용되는 점토는 점력이 강력하여 본 조성물의 건조상태의 강도를 높여 주지만 30 중량 % 이상이 되면 소성 후 용융이 잘되지 못하고 조직이 파괴되어 반점무늬에 기포가 발생되거나 색상이 흐려진다.The clay is a method of applying 3 mm to the surface of the molded brick, and then pressing and attaching it with a flat roller. The clay used in the clay is strong in viscous strength to increase the strength of the dry state of the composition, but if more than 30% by weight of the melt after baking is not good, the structure is destroyed, bubbles are generated in the spot pattern or the color is blurred.

후리트는 소성 후 반점무늬의 색상을 밝게 해주고 강도를 높여 주지만 20 중량 %이상이 되면 건조 강도를 방해한다. 후리트는 국내 디시-페로(주) (DC-FERRO)회사의 상품명 7520을 사용하였다.The frit brightens the color of the spot pattern after firing and increases the strength, but when it exceeds 20% by weight , the dry strength is impeded. The frit used the trade name 7520 of DC-FERRO Co., Ltd. in Korea.

후락스(Flux)는 융제로 고체원료를 가열할 때, 그 용융성 또는 소결성을 좋게 하는 물질, 도자기, 법랑, 유리에 채색하기 위한 안료를 융착시키는 것이거나, 유리질의 용융을 돕는 것, 결정화를 촉진시키기 위한 액체상을 만들기 쉽게 하는 등의 용도로 사용하며 30 중량 %가 적당하며, 본 발명에서는 일본 MSK주식회사의 상품명 N-7(융점 500℃)를 사용하였다.Flux is a process of fusing a pigment for coloring a substance, porcelain, enamel, or glass, which improves its meltability or sinterability when heating a solid raw material with a flux, aiding in melting of glass, or crystallization. It is used for the purpose of making a liquid phase to promote easily, etc., and 30 weight % is suitable, In this invention, the brand name N-7 (melting point 500 degreeC) of Japan MSK Corporation was used.

인산소다는 건조시 건조 강도를 높여주는 역할을 하며 5 중량 %가 적당하다. 벽돌에 도포된 분장토의 표면에 색소물질을 물과 함께 스프레이건으로 시유함으로서, 누구나 용이하게 착색시킬 수 있고, 상기 착색안료에 사용되는 무기안료는 통상적으로 벽돌이나 타일 및 도자기 등 요업분야에서 사용되는 안료(예를 들면, 빨간색일 경우 광명단 등)를 사용하는 것이므로 본 발명에서는 구체적으로 설명하지 않기로 한다. Sodium phosphate increases drying strength when dry and 5% by weight is appropriate. Anyone can easily color by coloring pigment material on the surface of the clay applied to bricks with water, and the inorganic pigments used in the pigments are pigments commonly used in ceramics such as bricks, tiles and ceramics. (For example, a light list, etc., if it is red), so that the present invention will not be described in detail.

선택적으로 분장토 표면에 흡착성물질을 살포하여 음양각의 무늬 디자인 롤을 회전시켜 요철 및 무늬를 형성함과 동시에 카팅 및 부라쉬로 미도장된 부분을 제거하고 인산소다20 중량 %, 물 80 중량 %로 조성된 희석액을 스프레이건으로 분사하여 요철부분중 돌출된 부분은 대부분의 착색안료가 세척되고, 홈 부위는 세척된 착색안료 일부가 흘러내려 불규칙한 색상과 무늬를 형성시켜, 소성로에 장입시켜 1150℃에서 12시간 소성 건조시켜 벽돌 표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시키는 방법인 것이다.Selectively spraying adsorbent material on the surface of the clay to rotate the pattern design roll of yin and yang to form irregularities and patterns, and remove uncoated parts with carting and brushing, 20% by weight of sodium phosphate and 80% by weight of water. The diluted solution is sprayed with a spray gun, and the protruded portion of the uneven portion is washed with most pigmented pigment, and the grooved portion is washed with a portion of the pigmented pigment to form irregular colors and patterns. It is a method of forming a design and color on a brick surface by time firing drying.

이하 본 발명을 실시예를 통하여 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the following Examples.

실시예 1Example 1

점토 30kg, 마사 30kg 및 석탄회 40kg 로 조성된 혼합물을 통상의 벽돌제조장치에 투입하여 벽돌을 성형한 다음, 그 표면에 점토30kg, 지르콘 30 kg, 후리트20 kg 후락스 15 kg, 인산소다 5kg과, 착색산화물(무기안료)5kg을 분쇄기에 투입하여 1mm 채에 통과하도록 분쇄하여 분장토를 제조한 후, 상기 분장토를 사출기로부터 사출시킨 벽돌 표면에 도포하고 평Roll을 회전시켜 접착시킨 다음, 직경 1.8mm이하 입자크기의 장석 100kg, 착색산화물(무기안료)5kg, 접착제(일본 MOVIBOND 회사 제품 상품명 노비본드(NOVIBOND)) 5kg을 혼합하여 200℃에서 30분 건조후 색소물질을 제조한 후에, 상기 색소물질을 분장토 상부에 살포하여 표면을 도장한 다음, 음양각의 무늬 디자인 롤을 회전시켜 요철 및 무늬를 형성함과 동시에 카팅 및 부라쉬로 미도장된 부분을 제거하고 인산소다20kg, 물 80kg로 조성된 희석액을 스프레이건으로 분사하여 표면을 세척한 후에, 150℃에서 24시간 건조한 다음, 소성로에 장입시켜 1150℃에서 12시간 소성, 서냉시켜 분장토, 색소물질을 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시켰다.A mixture of 30 kg of clay, 30 kg of martha and 40 kg of coal ash is added to a conventional brick making apparatus to form a brick, and then 30 kg of clay, 30 kg of zircon, 20 kg of frit 15 kg, 5 kg of sodium phosphate and 5 kg of colored oxides (inorganic pigments) were added to a grinder and pulverized so as to pass through 1 mm, and then powdered clay was applied to the surface of the brick injected from the injection molding machine. After dyeing 100kg of feldspar of less than 1.8mm, 5kg of colored oxide (inorganic pigment), and 5kg of adhesive (NOVIBOND) (adjusted by MOVIBOND Co., Ltd.) Spray the material on top of the clay to paint the surface, and then rotate the Yin-Yang pattern design roll to form irregularities and patterns, and remove uncoated parts with carting and brushing, 20kg of sodium phosphate, 80k of water After spraying the diluted solution of g with a spray gun to clean the surface, it was dried for 24 hours at 150 ° C, charged in a kiln, fired for 12 hours at 1150 ° C, and cooled by designing on the surface of brick using powdered clay and pigment material. Color was formed.

실시예 2Example 2

점토 30kg, 마사 30kg 및 석탄회 40kg 로 조성된 혼합물을 통상의 벽돌제조장치 에 투입하여 벽돌을 성형한 다음, 그 표면에 점토 30kg, 지르콘 30kg, 후리트 20kg 후락스 15kg, 인산소다 5kg과, 착색산화물(무기안료)5kg을 분쇄기에 투입하여 1mm 채에 통과하도록 분쇄하여 분장토를 제조한 후, 사출기로부터 사출시킨 벽돌 표면에 도포하고 평Roll를 회전시켜 접착시킨 다음, 톱밥100kg, 착색산화물(무기안료)5kg, 물100kg 혼합된 흡착성물질을 200℃에서 30분 건조 후, 분장토 상부에 도포한 다음, 음양각의 무늬 디자인 롤을 회전시켜 요철 및 무늬를 형성함과 동시에 카팅 및 부라쉬로 미도장된 부분을 제거하고 인산소다20 중량 %, 물 80 중량 %로 조성된 희석액을 스프레이건으로 분사한 후에, 소성로에 장입시켜 1150℃에서 12시간 소성, 서냉시켜 분장토, 흡착성물질을 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시켰다. A mixture of 30 kg of clay, 30 kg of martha and 40 kg of coal ash was put into a conventional brick making apparatus to form a brick, and then, on the surface thereof, 30 kg of clay, 30 kg of zircon, 20 kg of frit, 15 kg of flax, 5 kg of sodium phosphate, and colored oxides (Inorganic Pigment) 5kg is put into the grinder and pulverized to pass through 1mm, to make powdered clay, and then it is applied to the brick surface injected from the injection machine, and spun by rotating a flat roll, and then 100kg of sawdust and coloring oxide (inorganic pigment) After drying adsorbent material mixed with 5kg and 100kg of water for 30 minutes at 200 ℃, apply it to the top of the clay, and then rotate the Yin-Yang embossed pattern design roll to form irregularities and patterns, and uncoated with carting and brushing. the portion removed, and 20% by weight of the phosphoric acid soda, after spraying the composition of diluent to 80% by weight of water a spray gun, was charged into a firing furnace and fired for 12 hours, slowly cooled by make-up soil, the adsorbent material at 1150 ℃ It was formed by the designs and colors on a brick surface.

본 발명의 분장토는 점토30kg, 지르콘 30kg, , 후리트20kg, 후락스 15kg, 인산소다 5kg과, 착색산화물(무기안료)5kg를 인산소다와 동일한 5kg양으로 조성되며, 분쇄기에 투입하여 1mm 채에 통과하는 크기이며,The powdered clay of the present invention is composed of 30 kg of clay, 30 kg of zircon, 20 kg of frit, 15 kg of flox, 5 kg of sodium phosphate, and 5 kg of colored oxide (inorganic pigment) in the same amount of 5 kg of sodium phosphate, and put into a grinder 1mm Is the size that passes through

색소물질은 장석 100kg, 착색산화물(무기안료)5kg, 접착제(접착제(일본MOVIBOND회사 제품 상품명 노비본드(NOVIBONI)) 5kg로 조성되어 있으며, 분쇄기에서 분쇄되어 1.8mm 채를 통과하는 크기이고,The pigment is composed of 100kg of feldspar, 5kg of colored oxide (inorganic pigment), and 5kg of adhesive ( adhesive (NOVIBONI product name of MOVIBOND Co., Ltd.)) .

흡착성 물질 은 톱밥100kg, 착색산화물(무기안료)5kg, 물10Okg로 조성되어 있음을 알 수 있다. Adsorbent material can be seen that the composition with sawdust 100kg, coloring oxide (inorganic pigment) 5kg, water 10Okg.

(후리트 : 국내 디시-페로(주)(DC-FERRO)회사의 상품명 7520을 사용, 후락스 : 일본 MSK주식회사의 상품명 N-7(융점 500℃)를 사용하였습니다.)(Fourt: The brand name 7520 of DC-FERRO Co., Ltd. was used. Furax: The brand name N-7 (melting point 500 ° C) of Japan MSK Co., Ltd. was used.)

실험예 1Experimental Example 1

자체회사에서 KSL 4201 기준에 의해 실험Tested by KSL 4201 in own company

표1Table 1

실험방법 Experiment method 기준 standard 기존제품 Existing Product 본원 발명Invention 실시예1Example 1 실시예2Example 2 압축강도Compressive strength KSL 4201  KSL 4201 20.5이상20.5 or more 2222 2828 2727 흡수율Water absorption 10% 이하below 10 1010 88 88 중량(kg)Weight (kg) 1.61.6 1.31.3 1.21.2

실험예2Experimental Example 2

한국건자재시험연구소에서 실험한 결과가 표2에 나타난 바와 같다. The results of the experiment at Korea Institute of Construction Materials are shown in Table 2.

접수번호:081008-CC004Reception number: 081008-CC004

시료명: 한일 분장소지 점토벽돌Specimen Name: Hanil Dressed Clay Brick

접수일자:2008.10.8Date of Reception: 2008.10.8

의뢰인성명:(주)한일세라믹Client's Name: Hanil Ceramic Co., Ltd.

표2Table 2

시험·검사종목  Test / Inspection 시험·검사방법 Test and inspection method 시험·검사결과Test and inspection result Ⅰ-1Ⅰ-1 Ⅰ-2Ⅰ-2 Ⅰ-3Ⅰ-3 Ⅰ-4Ⅰ-4 Ⅰ-5Ⅰ-5 Ⅱ-1II-1 Ⅱ-2II-2 Ⅱ-3II-3 Ⅱ-4II-4 Ⅱ-5II-5 치수(mm)  Dimension (mm) 길이Length Ks L 4201: 2003    Ks L 4201: 2003 192.6192.6 194.0194.0 192.8192.8 193.0193.0 192.0192.0 190.9190.9 190.7190.7 190.1190.1 191.7191.7 191.4191.4 나비butterfly 87.887.8 88.988.9 87.987.9 90.090.0 87.387.3 91.291.2 92.692.6 92.692.6 92.492.4 91.691.6 두께thickness 57.257.2 56.656.6 56.656.6 56.256.2 56.956.9 56.456.4 56.056.0 56.456.4 57.057.0 57.257.2 압축강도(Mpa) Compressive strength (Mpa) 27.7827.78 30.7630.76 24.7924.79 24.2824.28 31.1931.19 36.3936.39 34.5834.58 37.4737.47 35.8535.85 38.7538.75 흡수율(%) Absorption rate (%) 8.78.7 8.08.0 9.29.2 8.88.8 8.68.6 8.28.2 7.67.6 7.47.4 6.96.9 7.17.1

I-1~ I-5는 타사제품의 벽돌 I-1 ~ I-5 are bricks of other companies

II-1~II-5는 본 발명의 실시예1에 의해 제조된 벽돌II-1 to II-5 are bricks prepared by Example 1 of the present invention.

실험결과 타사제품의 벽돌보다 본 발명의 실시예1에 의해 제조된 벽돌이 압축강도 흡수율이 높았음을 알 수 있었음.Experimental results showed that the bricks produced by Example 1 of the present invention had higher compressive strength absorption rates than the bricks of other companies.

실험예3Experimental Example 3

상기 실시예1에 의해 제조된 벽돌을 훈련된 관능평가 요원 20명을 대상으로 하여 관능검사를 실시하였다. 관능검사는 기호도 등에 대해 실시하였다. A sensory test was conducted on 20 trained sensory evaluation agents for the brick manufactured according to Example 1 above. Sensory evaluation was performed on preference and the like.

표 3TABLE 3

평가항목Evaluation item 디자인design 색상color 비고Remarks 실시예1 벽돌Example 1 Brick 4.34.3 4.14.1 실시예2 벽돌Example 2 Brick 4.24.2 4.24.2 종래의 점토벽돌Conventional clay brick 3.83.8 3.23.2 종래의 흙벽돌Conventional brick brick 3.93.9 3.33.3

관능평점 - 1 : 아주 나쁘다, 아주 약하다Sensory Score-1: Very bad, very weak

2 : 나쁘다, 약하다           2: bad, weak

3 : 보통이다           3: is normal

4 : 좋다, 강하다           4: good, strong

관능검사결과 본 발명의 실시예1 및 2와 같이 제조된 벽돌이 전체적인 디자인, 색상 등이 조화를 이룸과 동시에 종래의 벽돌보다 아름다웠음을 알 수 있었다.As a result of the sensory test, it can be seen that the bricks manufactured as in Examples 1 and 2 of the present invention were more beautiful than the conventional bricks while achieving harmony of the overall design and color.

Claims (5)

분장토, 색소물질, 흡착성물질를 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시키는 방법에 있어서, In the method of forming the design and color on the surface of the brick by using the clay, pigment material, adsorbent material, 점토 30kg, 마사 30kg 및 석탄회 40kg 로 조성된 혼합물을 벽돌제조장치에 투입하여 벽돌을 성형한 다음, 그 표면에 점토30kg, 지르콘 30 kg,후리트20 kg 후락스 15 kg, 인산소다 5kg과, 착색산화물 5kg을 분쇄기에 투입하여 1mm 채에 통과하도록 분쇄하여 분장토를 제조한 후, 상기 분장토를 사출기로부터 사출시킨 벽돌 표면에 도포하고 평Roll을 회전시켜 접착시킨 다음, A mixture of 30 kg of clay, 30 kg of martha and 40 kg of coal ash was put into a brick making machine to form a brick, and then the surface was 30 kg of clay, 30 kg of zircon, 20 kg of fractus 15 kg, 5 kg of sodium phosphate, and coloring. After putting 5kg of oxide into the grinder and pulverizing to pass through 1mm, the powdered clay was prepared, and the powdered clay was applied to the brick surface injected from the injection machine, and spun rolls were bonded. 직경 1.8mm이하 입자크기의 장석 100kg, 착색산화물 5kg, 접착제 5kg을 혼합하여 200℃에서 30분 건조후 색소물질를 제조한 후에, 상기 색소물질를 분장토 상부에 도장한 다음, 음양각의 무늬 디자인 롤을 회전시켜 요철 및 무늬를 형성함과 동시에 카팅 및 부라쉬로 미도장된 부분을 제거하고 인산소다20 중량 %, 물 80 중량 %로 조성된 희석액을 스프레이건으로 분사한 후에, 150℃에서 24시간 건조한 다음, 소성로에 장입시켜 1150℃에서 12시간 소성, 서냉시켜 형성시킴을 특징으로 하는 분장토, 색소물질, 흡착성물질를 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시키는 방법.After mixing the feldspar 100kg, the colored oxide 5kg, and the adhesive 5kg with a particle size of 1.8mm or less and drying at 200 ° C. for 30 minutes to prepare a pigment material, the pigment material is coated on the top of the clay, and the pattern design roll of yin and yang is rotated. After removing uncoated parts with carding and brushing, forming a concave-convex and patterned pattern, spraying a dilution solution composed of 20% by weight of sodium phosphate and 80% by weight of water with a spray gun, and then drying at 150 ° C for 24 hours. A method of forming a design and color on a brick surface using powdered clay, pigment material, and adsorbent material, characterized in that it is charged into a kiln and calcined at 1150 ° C. for 12 hours, followed by slow cooling. 분장토, 색소물질, 흡착성물질를 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시키는 방법에 있어서, In the method of forming the design and color on the surface of the brick by using the clay, pigment material, adsorbent material, 점토 30kg, 마사 30kg 및 석탄회 40kg 조성된 혼합물을 벽돌제조장치에 투입하여 벽돌을 성형한 다음, 그 표면에 점토 30kg, 지르콘 30kg, 후리트 20kg 후락스 15kg, 인산소다 5kg과, 착색산화물 5kg을 분쇄기에 투입하여 1mm 채에 통과하도록 분쇄하여 분장토를 제조한 후, 사출기로부터 사출시킨 벽돌 표면에 도포하고 평Roll을 회전시켜 접착시킨 다음, 톱밥100kg, 착색산화물 5kg, 물100kg 혼합된 흡착성물질을 200℃에서 30분 건조 후, 분장토 상부에 도포한 다음, 음양각의 무늬 디자인 롤을 회전시켜 요철 및 무늬를 형성함과 동시에 카팅 및 부라쉬로 미도장된 부분을 제거하고, 인산소다20 중량 %, 물 80 중량 %로 조성된 희석액을 스프레이건으로 분사 한 후에, 150℃에서 24시간 건조한 다음, 소성로에 장입시켜 1150℃에서 12시간 소성, 서냉시켜 형성시킴을 특징으로 하는 분장토, 색소물질, 흡착성물질를 이용하여 벽돌표면에 디자인 및 색상을 형성시키는 방법. A mixture of 30 kg of clay, 30 kg of martha and 40 kg of coal ash was put into a brick manufacturing apparatus to form a brick, and then, on the surface thereof, 30 kg of clay, 30 kg of zircon, 20 kg of frit 15 kg, 5 kg of sodium phosphate and 5 kg of colored oxide . It is put into the crusher and pulverized to pass through 1mm. Then, it is made of powdered clay, and it is applied to the brick surface injected from the injection machine, and spun by rotating a flat roll. Then, it is sawdust 100kg, colored oxide 5kg, water 100kg . After drying the mixed adsorbent material at 200 ° C. for 30 minutes, apply it to the top of the clay, and then rotate the Yin-Yang pattern design roll to form irregularities and patterns, and at the same time, remove uncoated parts with carting and brushing, After spraying a dilution liquid composed of 20% by weight of sodium phosphate and 80% by weight of water with a spray gun, it is dried at 150 ° C for 24 hours, charged into a kiln and calcined at 1150 ° C for 12 hours, and then formed by slow cooling. Method of forming design and color on brick surface by using pigment, adsorbent. 삭제delete 삭제delete 삭제delete
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