GB622537A - Improvements in or relating to furnaces - Google Patents

Improvements in or relating to furnaces

Info

Publication number
GB622537A
GB622537A GB784647A GB784647A GB622537A GB 622537 A GB622537 A GB 622537A GB 784647 A GB784647 A GB 784647A GB 784647 A GB784647 A GB 784647A GB 622537 A GB622537 A GB 622537A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
combustion
coils
casing
air
combustion space
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB784647A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RONALD ERNEST ZOLLER
Babcock and Wilcox Ltd
Original Assignee
RONALD ERNEST ZOLLER
Babcock and Wilcox Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by RONALD ERNEST ZOLLER, Babcock and Wilcox Ltd filed Critical RONALD ERNEST ZOLLER
Priority to GB784647A priority Critical patent/GB622537A/en
Publication of GB622537A publication Critical patent/GB622537A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02CGAS-TURBINE PLANTS; AIR INTAKES FOR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS; CONTROLLING FUEL SUPPLY IN AIR-BREATHING JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02C7/00Features, components parts, details or accessories, not provided for in, or of interest apart form groups F02C1/00 - F02C6/00; Air intakes for jet-propulsion plants
    • F02C7/12Cooling of plants
    • F02C7/14Cooling of plants of fluids in the plant, e.g. lubricant or fuel
    • F02C7/141Cooling of plants of fluids in the plant, e.g. lubricant or fuel of working fluid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23MCASINGS, LININGS, WALLS OR DOORS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, e.g. FIREBRIDGES; DEVICES FOR DEFLECTING AIR, FLAMES OR COMBUSTION PRODUCTS IN COMBUSTION CHAMBERS; SAFETY ARRANGEMENTS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION APPARATUS; DETAILS OF COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F23M5/00Casings; Linings; Walls
    • F23M5/08Cooling thereof; Tube walls
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23RGENERATING COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OF HIGH PRESSURE OR HIGH VELOCITY, e.g. GAS-TURBINE COMBUSTION CHAMBERS
    • F23R3/00Continuous combustion chambers using liquid or gaseous fuel
    • F23R3/002Wall structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23RGENERATING COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OF HIGH PRESSURE OR HIGH VELOCITY, e.g. GAS-TURBINE COMBUSTION CHAMBERS
    • F23R3/00Continuous combustion chambers using liquid or gaseous fuel
    • F23R3/005Combined with pressure or heat exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05DINDEXING SCHEME FOR ASPECTS RELATING TO NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, GAS-TURBINES OR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F05D2250/00Geometry
    • F05D2250/20Three-dimensional
    • F05D2250/25Three-dimensional helical

Abstract

622,537. Generating combustion products under pressure. BABCOCK & WILCOX, Ltd., and ZOLLER, R. E. March 21, 1947, No. 7846. [Class 51 (i)] A furnace for a gas turbine plant comprises a combustion chamber enclosed within and spaced from a pressure-resisting metal casing, the combustion chamber being formed by a wall faced internally with refractory material in which are embedded metal elements projecting inwardly towards the combustion space from tubes carrying a cooling fluid and the space between the pressure-resisting casing and the wall is occupied at least in part by a passage through which a gaseous cooling fluid flows. The furnace for supplying working fluid to a gas turbine, Fig. 1, has a pressure-resisting cylindrical casing 30 which encloses a steam cooled cylindrical wall structure 31, having an opening at one end in which is arranged an atomising oil burner 13 fitted with an impeller plate 34 designed to cause the air entering the combustion space to swirl. Adjustable louvres 35 control the air supply. The wall 32 of the wall structure 31 is formed of chrome ore refractory material 200, Fig. 4 applied in a plastic condition over the inwardly facing surfaces of twenty-four tube coils 39 which surfaces are provided with metal studs 201. Part of one of the coils 39 defines the end wall 40 of the combustion space. A further tube coil 41 is arranged to form a convergent divergent passage 42, 44 forming the exit from the combustion space 36. The various tube coils are cooled by 'steam from an inlet 45 and terminate in nozzles 47 arranged in the wall of the combustion space so as to deliver the steam into the combustion space with a whirling motion in the same direction as the whirling motion of the combustion air produced by the plate 34 and as a stream flowing initially at least in part in contact with the adjacent wall. The tube coil 41 terminates in a nozzle 47<SP>1</SP> and delivers steam into the combustion gases after they leave the combustion space. The pressure casing 30 is formed with an inlet for the compressed air. One part of the compressed air passes through apertures 49 and mixes with the combustion gases and the other part flows through the annular space 50. Part of the air flowing through the space 50 enters the combustion space through the firing opening 33 and the remainder through the ports 51 which are inclined. so as to give the entering air a whirling motion in the same direction as the whirling motion of air produced by the impeller plate 34. In a modified form of furnace for reheating gases in a gas turbine plant, an additional set of steam cooled tube coils is arranged between the coils 39 and the casing wall 30. The gases from the high pressure turbine pass through the inlet 48 and a supply of compressed air is fed through an additional inlet in the casing wall 30 to flow through the passage formed between the additional set of coils and the casing to the firing opening 33. According to the Provisional Specification compressed air may be used to cool the coils which air may be taken from the compressor of a gas turbine plant and may be boosted by an additional compressor. When a reheating chamber is used one of the banks of coils may be used for generating steam for other purposes. Specification 579,591 is referred to in the Provisional Specification.
GB784647A 1947-03-21 1947-03-21 Improvements in or relating to furnaces Expired GB622537A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB784647A GB622537A (en) 1947-03-21 1947-03-21 Improvements in or relating to furnaces

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR963507D FR963507A (en) 1947-03-21
GB784647A GB622537A (en) 1947-03-21 1947-03-21 Improvements in or relating to furnaces
US15832A US2636345A (en) 1947-03-21 1948-03-19 Gas turbine combustor having helically directed openings to admit steam and secondary air

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB622537A true GB622537A (en) 1949-05-03

Family

ID=9840903

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB784647A Expired GB622537A (en) 1947-03-21 1947-03-21 Improvements in or relating to furnaces

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US2636345A (en)
FR (1) FR963507A (en)
GB (1) GB622537A (en)

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NL95825C (en) * 1950-11-17
US2770097A (en) * 1952-02-14 1956-11-13 William C Walker Cooling systems for engines that utilize heat
DE931508C (en) * 1952-05-24 1955-08-11 Heinrich Dr-Ing Vorkauf Heating surface Cooling of gas turbine combustors
US2847825A (en) * 1953-07-31 1958-08-19 Gen Motors Corp Gas turbine thrust augmenter comprising water injection ring
DE962391C (en) * 1953-12-08 1957-04-18 Daimler Benz Ag Means for atomization and mixing of fuel with the compressed air to the combustion chambers, in particular for internal combustion turbines
US2916877A (en) * 1954-05-12 1959-12-15 Worthington Corp Pressure fluid generator
US3078672A (en) * 1959-03-28 1963-02-26 Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg Ag Process and apparatus for operating a continuous or intermittent combustion engine
DE1142253B (en) * 1960-01-29 1963-01-10 Boelkow Entwicklungen Kg Combustion chamber for Fluessigtreibstoffe
US3359723A (en) * 1965-10-29 1967-12-26 Exxon Research Engineering Co Method of combusting a residual fuel utilizing a two-stage air injection technique and an intermediate steam injection step
US3772881A (en) * 1970-06-04 1973-11-20 Texaco Ag Apparatus for controllable in-situ combustion
US3657884A (en) * 1970-11-20 1972-04-25 Westinghouse Electric Corp Trans-nozzle steam injection gas turbine
US3785146A (en) * 1972-05-01 1974-01-15 Gen Electric Self compensating flow divider for a gas turbine steam injection system
US4074708A (en) * 1976-06-07 1978-02-21 Combustion Engineering, Inc. Burning hydrogen and oxygen to superheat steam
US4456068A (en) * 1980-10-07 1984-06-26 Foster-Miller Associates, Inc. Process and apparatus for thermal enhancement
WO1982001214A1 (en) * 1980-10-07 1982-04-15 Foster Miller Ass Thermal enhancement
US4459101A (en) * 1981-08-28 1984-07-10 Foster-Miller Associates, Inc. Burner systems
DE3545524C2 (en) * 1985-12-20 1996-02-29 Siemens Ag Multi-stage combustion chamber for the combustion of nitrogenous gas with reduced NO¶x¶ emission and method for its operation
US5461854A (en) * 1993-07-07 1995-10-31 Griffin, Jr.; Arthur T. Combustor cooling for gas turbine engines
US6176075B1 (en) 1993-07-07 2001-01-23 Arthur T. Griffin, Jr. Combustor cooling for gas turbine engines
AU5662296A (en) * 1995-03-24 1996-10-16 Ultimate Power Engineering Group, Inc. High vanadium content fuel combustor and system
US6170264B1 (en) 1997-09-22 2001-01-09 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Hydrocarbon combustion power generation system with CO2 sequestration
DE19654472A1 (en) * 1996-12-27 1998-07-02 Asea Brown Boveri Process for cooling thermally highly loaded units of a gas turbine group
JPH1183017A (en) * 1997-09-08 1999-03-26 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Combustor for gas turbine
US6247316B1 (en) 2000-03-22 2001-06-19 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Clean air engines for transportation and other power applications
WO2001090548A1 (en) 2000-05-12 2001-11-29 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Semi-closed brayton cycle gas turbine power systems
US6868677B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2005-03-22 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Combined fuel cell and fuel combustion power generation systems
CA2468769A1 (en) * 2001-12-03 2003-06-12 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Coal and syngas fueled power generation systems featuring zero atmospheric emissions
US7047722B2 (en) * 2002-10-02 2006-05-23 Claudio Filippone Small scale hybrid engine (SSHE) utilizing fossil fuels
US6945029B2 (en) * 2002-11-15 2005-09-20 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Low pollution power generation system with ion transfer membrane air separation
US7021063B2 (en) * 2003-03-10 2006-04-04 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Reheat heat exchanger power generation systems
US7043921B2 (en) * 2003-08-26 2006-05-16 Honeywell International, Inc. Tube cooled combustor
WO2005100754A2 (en) 2004-04-16 2005-10-27 Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Zero emissions closed rankine cycle power system
US7574870B2 (en) 2006-07-20 2009-08-18 Claudio Filippone Air-conditioning systems and related methods
US7926292B2 (en) * 2008-03-19 2011-04-19 Gas Technology Institute Partial oxidation gas turbine cooling
RU2010132334A (en) * 2010-08-03 2012-02-10 Дженерал Электрик Компани (US) Fuel nozzle for turbine engine and cooling housing for cooling the external part of a cylindrical fuel nozzle of a turbine engine

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US660996A (en) * 1900-06-06 1900-10-30 John Thomas Nicolson Caloric-engine.
GB190426178A (en) * 1904-12-01 1906-03-01 Adolf Vogt Improvements in Apparatus for Producing Combustion Gases under Pressure for use as Motive Power for Driving Turbines and the like, and Means in Combination therewith for Producing a Liquid Jet.
GB190804129A (en) * 1907-02-28 1909-03-24 Louis Jules Jean Baptiste Rond Improvements in or relating to Thermic Engines particularly applicable to Motor Vehicles.
GB190807701A (en) * 1908-02-24 1909-04-07 Louis Jules Jean-Baptiste Rond Improvements in or relating to Apparatus for the Treatment of Compressed Fluid for obtaining Motive Power.
US1237877A (en) * 1916-03-27 1917-08-21 Josiah Dow Generation of pressure.
US1840690A (en) * 1927-11-21 1932-01-12 Roy C Bissell Pressure fluid generator
US1781236A (en) * 1928-04-23 1930-11-11 Lilge Friedrich Whirl burner
US2016921A (en) * 1930-02-19 1935-10-08 Robert H Goddard Means for cooling combustion chambers
GB463738A (en) * 1935-10-22 1937-04-06 Rudolf Arnold Erren Improvements relating to direct contact steam generators
US2398654A (en) * 1940-01-24 1946-04-16 Anglo Saxon Petroleum Co Combustion burner
US2357301A (en) * 1941-03-07 1944-09-05 Babcock & Wilcox Co Fuel burning method and apparatus
US2402971A (en) * 1942-10-16 1946-07-02 Mccollum Thelma Burner
GB565952A (en) * 1943-05-26 1944-12-06 Herbert Vincent Hoskins Improvements in means for generating a mixture of steam and combustion products under pressure
US2569446A (en) * 1943-10-18 1951-10-02 Claude A Bonvillian Apparatus for the combustion of fuel, including a tubular walled combustion chamber
US2464791A (en) * 1943-11-05 1949-03-22 Claude A Bonvillian Apparatus for the combustion of fuel
US2482262A (en) * 1948-01-02 1949-09-20 Esther C Goddard Steam production in jacketed combustion chambers

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR963507A (en) 1950-07-17
US2636345A (en) 1953-04-28

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