DE202004001037U1 - Panel, in particular floor panel - Google Patents

Panel, in particular floor panel

Info

Publication number
DE202004001037U1
DE202004001037U1 DE200420001037 DE202004001037U DE202004001037U1 DE 202004001037 U1 DE202004001037 U1 DE 202004001037U1 DE 200420001037 DE200420001037 DE 200420001037 DE 202004001037 U DE202004001037 U DE 202004001037U DE 202004001037 U1 DE202004001037 U1 DE 202004001037U1
Authority
DE
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
panel
layer
chamfer
melamine
formed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
DE200420001037
Other languages
German (de)
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kronotec AG
Original Assignee
Kronotec AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/04Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers
    • B44C5/043Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers containing wooden elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02033Joints with beveled or recessed upper edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • E04F2201/0115Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement

Abstract

Paneel, insbesondere ein Fußbodenpaneel, aus einem Holzwerkstoff, das mit Mitteln zum lösbaren Verbinden mindestens zweier Paneele (1) versehen ist, wobei an mindestens einer Seitenkante eines ersten Paneels (1) Formschlußelemente (2, 3) zur Verriegelung in Vertikalrichtung (V) und in Horizontalrichtung (H) mit einem weiteren Paneel ausgebildet sind, wobei von einer Oberseite (15) ausgehend an zumindest einer Seitenkante eine Fase (20) ausgebildet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Fase (20) oder die Formschlußelemente (2, 3) mit zumindest einer Melaminschicht (21) überzogen oder imprägniert ist. Panel, particularly a flooring panel, of a wood material which is provided with means for releasably connecting at least two panels (1), wherein at least one side edge of a first panel (1) locking elements (2, 3) for locking in the vertical direction (V) and in the horizontal direction (H) are formed with a further panel, wherein from a top side (15) is formed on the basis on at least one side edge a chamfer (20), characterized in that the chamfer (20) or the interlocking elements (2, 3) with is coated on at least one melamine layer (21) or impregnated.

Description

  • Die Erfindung betrifft ein Paneel, insbesondere ein Fussbodenpaneel, aus einem Holzwerkstoff, das mit Mitteln zum lösbaren Verbinden mindestens zweier Paneele versehen ist. The invention relates to a panel, in particular a floor panel, of a wood material which is provided with means for releasably connecting at least two panels. An zumindest einer Seitenkante eines ersten Paneels sind Formschlusselemente zur Verriegelung in Vertikalrichtung und in Horizontalrichtung mit einem weiteren Paneel ausgebildet, wobei von einer Oberseite des Paneels ausgehend an zumindest einer Seitenkante eine Fase ausgebildet ist. On at least one side edge of a first panel interlocking elements are formed for locking in the vertical direction and in the horizontal direction with a further panel, wherein a chamfer is formed from an upper surface of the panel based on at least one side edge.
  • Ein solches Paneel ist aus der WO 01 /96688 A1 bekannt. Such a panel is known from WO 01/96688 A1. In dem Stand der Technik wird die durch Fräsen entstandene Fase entweder unbehandelt belassen oder aber durch einen Dekorstreifen abgedeckt, der entweder auflaminiert oder aufgeklebt wird. In the prior art the resultant by milling chamfer is either left untreated, or covered by a decorative strip which either laminated or glued. Ein solches Verfahren ist sehr aufwendig und erfordert hochgenaues Arbeiten, da die Fasen sehr schmal sind. Such a method is very complex and requires highly accurate work since the chamfers are very narrow. Die Fertigungskosten sind auf Grund der entsprechend langsameren Prozessgeschwindigkeiten hoch, ebenfalls kommt es bei ungenauem Verkleben zu optisch wenig ansprechenden Produkten oder zu einer mangelhaften Abdeckung, was bei einem Flüssigkeitseintrag zum Aufquellen des Holzwerkstoffes führt. The production costs are high due to the correspondingly slower process speeds, also occurs in inaccurate sticking to visually unappealing products or to inadequate coverage, resulting in a fluid entry to swell the wood material.
  • Ausgehend von diesem Stand der Technik liegt der Erfindung die Aufgabe zugrunde, ein bezüglich der Oberflächenversiegelung verbessertes Paneel und ein wirtschaftliches effektiveres Verfahren zur Herstellung eines solchen Paneels bereitzustellen. Starting from this prior art, the invention has for its object to provide an improved sealing surface with respect to the panel and an economical effective method for producing such a panel.
  • Erfindungsgemäß wird diese Aufgabe dadurch gelöst, dass die ausgebildete Fase oder die Formschlusselemente mit zumindest einer Melaminschicht überzogen sind, wodurch sich eine höhere Beständigkeit des Paneels bezüglich des mechanischen Verschleißes oder gegen das Eindringen von Wasser erreichen lassen. According to the invention this object is achieved in that the formed chamfer or the form-fitting elements are coated with at least one melamine layer, resulting in a higher resistance can reach the panel against the ingress of water with respect to the mechanical wear or. Weiterhin wird eine höhere Qualität gegenüber dem Stand der Technik hinsichtlich der Versiegelung der Fasenoberfläche gewährleistet. Furthermore, a higher quality compared to the prior art with regard to the sealing of the chamfer surface is ensured.
  • In einer Weiterbildung ist vorgesehen, dass auf der Oberseite des Paneels eine Dekorschicht aufgebracht ist, die vorzugsweise aus einer melamingetränkten Papierschicht besteht. In a development it is provided that a decorative layer is applied on the top of the panel, which is preferably a melamine impregnated paper layer. Auf der Oberfläche der Fase ist ebenfalls eine Dekorschicht aus Papier aufgebracht, alternativ ist die Fase lackiert oder bedruckt, vorzugsweise in Farbe der Dekorschicht. On the surface of the chamfer, a decorative layer of paper is also applied, alternatively, the chamfer is coated or printed, preferably in color of the decorative layer. Nachträglich wird die so behandelte Fase mit Melamin beschichtet oder imprägniert, wodurch die gewünschte Beständigkeit gegen Wasser oder mechanischem Abrieb erzielt wird. Subsequently, the thus treated chamfer is coated or impregnated with melamine, whereby the desired resistance is achieved against water or mechanical abrasion. Diese Beschichtung der Fase oder der Verriegelungselemente dient gleichzeitig als Versiegelung des Holzwerkstoffes gegen mechanische Belastung und Eindringen von Feuchtigkeit oder Fremdkörpern. This coating of the chamfer or of the locking elements also serves as a sealing of the wood material against mechanical impact and penetration of moisture or foreign matter. Die aufgetragene Lackschicht oder der Druck weist alternativ eine der Dekorschicht angenäherte Farbgebung auf, so dass eine möglichst gleichmäßige Farbgebung der Oberfläche im verlegten Zustand erreicht wird. The applied coating film or the pressure alternatively has one of the decorative layer approximated color, so that a uniform coloring of the surface as possible is achieved in the laid state. Alternativ können auf Grund ästhetischer Vorlieben kontrastierende Farbgebungen vorgesehen sein, so dass die zwischen zwei Paneelen entstehende, V-förmige Stossfuge hervorgehoben wird. Alternatively contrasting color schemes may be provided, so that the resulting between two panels, V-shaped butt joint is highlighted on the basis of aesthetic preference. Eine farbliche Gestaltung ist insbesondere dann vorteilhaft, wenn die Trägerplatte der Dekorschicht aus einem Faserwerkstoff hergestellt wurde, die im allgemeinen eine farblich weniger ansprechende Gestaltung aufweisen. A color scheme is particularly advantageous if the support plate of the decorative layer was prepared from a fibrous material, which generally have a color less appealing design. Sofern andere Holzwerkstoffe verwendet werden, beispielsweise bei der Verwendung von Spanplatten oder OSB-Platten, können auf eine Dekorschicht verzichtet werden, üblicherweise werden jedoch Klarsichtfolien oder durchsichtige Schutzschichten auf die Oberflächen solcher Werkstoffe aufgepresst, um einen Oberflächenschutz zu gewährleisten. If other wood-based materials are used, for example in the use of particle board or OSB, can be dispensed with a decorative layer, usually, however, transparencies, or transparent protective layers are pressed onto the surfaces of such materials in order to ensure surface protection.
  • Zur Erhöhung der Durchlaufgeschwindigkeiten ist es vorgesehen, dass das aufgetragene Melamin über einen Wärmestrahler oder einen Heizkanal getrocknet wird. To increase the throughput speeds, it is contemplated that the coated melamine is dried over a heat radiator or a heating duct. Zur Vermeidung eines vorzeitigen Aushärtens oder Verklumpens oder einer ungleichmäßigen Beschichtung ist es vorgesehen, dass in der Umgebung des Auftragkopfes ein Normklima geschaffen wird, so dass der Melamin- oder Lackauftrag stets unter gleichen mikroklimatischen Bedingungen durchgeführt wird. To avoid premature curing or caking or an uneven coating, it is provided that in the vicinity of the application head, a standard atmosphere is created so that the melamine or paint application is always performed under the same microclimatic conditions. Dies geschieht dadurch, dass die Luft in der Umgebung des Lackkopfes befeuchtet wird. This is done in that the air is humidified in the vicinity of the coating head.
  • Nachfolgend wird anhand der Figuren ein Ausführungsbeispiel der Erfindung näher erläutert. An exemplary embodiment of the invention is explained in detail with reference to FIGS. Es zeigen: Show it:
  • 1 1 – eine schematische Darstellung eines Paneels in Querschnittsansicht; - a schematic representation of a panel in cross-sectional view; sowie such as
  • 2 2 – eine Detailansicht der - a detailed view of 1 1 . ,
  • 1 1 zeigt ein Paneel shows a panel 1 1 in einer Querschnittsansicht, das auf einer Oberseite in a cross-sectional view, the upper side on a 15 15 mit einer Dekorschicht with a decorative layer 16 16 und auf einer Unterseite and a bottom 5 5 mit einer sogenannten Gegenzugschicht with a so-called counteracting 6 6 beschichtet ist. is coated. Der Kern the core 10 10 des Paneels the panel 1 1 besteht aus einem MDF- oder HDF-Werkstoff und wird unter hohem Druck bei der Herstellung komprimiert. consists of a MDF or HDF material and is compressed under high pressure in the production. Die Dekorschicht The decorative layer 16 16 und Gegenzugschicht and counteracting 6 6 dienen als Stabilisierungsfilm und verleihen dem Paneel serve as a stabilizing film and give the panel 1 1 eine strapazierfähige Oberfläche. a durable surface. Die an den Seitenkanten angeordneten Formschlusselemente Arranged on the side edges form-fitting elements 2 2 , . 3 3 dienen zur Verriegelung mehrerer Paneele miteinander und verriegeln die Paneele sowohl in Horizontalrichtung H als auch in Vertikalrichtung V. Neben der dargestellten Ausbildung können auch Lege- oder Schwenkprofile an den Seitenkanten vorhanden sein. are used to lock several panels together and lock the panels both in the horizontal direction H and in a vertical direction V. In addition to the illustrated embodiment also laying or pivot profiles can be provided at the side edges.
  • Alternativ zu der Verwendung von Faserplatten als Kern Alternatively to the use of fiberboard as a core 10 10 können OSB-Werkstoffe, Spanplatten oder Schichtholz verwendet werden. OSB materials, chipboard or plywood can be used. Von der Oberseite From the top 15 15 ausgehend ist an den beiden Seitenkanten je eine Fase is based on the two lateral edges each has a bevel 20 20 ausgefräst, die im verriegelten Zustand eine V-förmige Stossfuge ausbilden. milled, forming a V-shaped butt joint in the locked state.
  • Um ein Aufquellen des Kernes A swelling of the core 10 10 zu vermeiden und um das Paneel and to avoid the panel 1 1 haltbarer zu machen, ist es vorgesehen, dass die Oberflächen der Fasen to make more durable, it is provided that the surfaces of the chamfers 20 20 mit einer Lackschicht, einer Papierschicht oder einem Druck versehen sind, die mit einer Melaminschicht are provided with a lacquer layer, a paper layer or a pressure associated with a melamine layer 21 21 überzogen sind. are covered.
  • 2 2 zeigt eine Detailansicht des Paneels shows a detailed view of the panel 1 1 in vergrößerter Darstellung, aus der zu erkennen ist, dass an einer Seitenkante des Paneels in an enlarged view, it can be seen from that on a side edge of the panel 1 1 von der Dekorschicht of the decorative layer 16 16 und dem Kern and the core 10 10 Material entfernt, vorzugsweise abgefräst wurde. Material has been removed, preferably by milling. Diese vorzugsweise unter einem Winkel von 45° angeordnete Fase This preferably at an angle of 45 ° arranged chamfer 20 20 ist mit einer Melaminschicht with a melamine layer 21 21 überzogen, wobei die Melaminschicht coated, wherein the melamine layer 21 21 nach dem Lackieren, Bedrucken oder Beschichten mit einem Papierschicht aufgetragen wird. is applied by painting, printing or coating with a paper layer.
  • Der Lack kann als deckender Lack ausgebildet sein, wenn der Kern The paint can be formed as opaque paint when the core 10 10 des Paneels the panel 1 1 eine unerwünschte Farbgebung aufweist. having an undesirable coloring. Insbesondere bei Verwendung von Naturhölzern, wie bei einem Schichtholz oder bei OSB-Platten, muss keine Dekorschicht vorhanden sein, vielmehr reicht eine Oberflächenversiegelung, beispielsweise durch eine durchsichtige Melaminfolie, aus. Particularly when using natural wood as with a plywood or OSB, no design layer must be present, but rather reaches a surface coating, for example by a transparent melamine film from. Dann kann der aufzutragende Lack und die Melaminschicht Then the paint to be applied and the melamine layer can 21 21 zur Versiegelung der Fase for sealing of the chamfer 20 20 auch durchsichtig sein. be transparent.
  • Alternativ zu einer farblich abgestimmten Ausbildung der Lackschicht oder der Melaminschicht Alternatively, a color-coordinated training of the paint layer or the melamine layer 21 21 kann diese zur Dekorschicht this can for decorative layer 16 16 kontrastierend ausgebildet sein, um die Ausbildung der Fuge zu betonen. be formed contrasting to accentuate the formation of the joint.
  • Im Gegensatz zu einer Folienaufklebung auf die Fase Unlike a Folienaufklebung on the chamfer 20 20 hat die Lackierung oder das Bedrucken und das anschließende Beschichten mit Melamin eine höhere Qualität hinsichtlich der Feuchtigkeits- und Abriebbeständigkeit, ebenfalls ist die Prozessführung einfacher und hohe Durchlaufgeschwindigkeiten und damit eine erhöhte Produktivität können erreicht werden. has the painting or printing and then coating with melamine a higher quality in terms of moisture and abrasion resistance, also the process control is simple and high throughput speeds and increased productivity can be achieved. Die Trocknung des Lackes, der Druckfarbe und des Melamins erfolgt durch einen Wärmestrahler, der vorzugsweise in einem Bereich von 200°C bis 400°C arbeitet. The drying of the varnish of the ink and of the melamine is effected by a heat radiator, which preferably operates in a range from 200 ° C to 400 ° C.

Claims (3)

  1. Paneel, insbesondere ein Fußbodenpaneel, aus einem Holzwerkstoff, das mit Mitteln zum lösbaren Verbinden mindestens zweier Paneele ( Panel, in particular a floor panel, of a wood material, which (with means for releasably connecting at least two panels 1 1 ) versehen ist, wobei an mindestens einer Seitenkante eines ersten Paneels ( ) Is provided, wherein (at least one side edge of a first panel 1 1 ) Formschlußelemente ( ) Positive locking elements ( 2 2 , . 3 3 ) zur Verriegelung in Vertikalrichtung (V) und in Horizontalrichtung (H) mit einem weiteren Paneel ausgebildet sind, wobei von einer Oberseite ( ) For locking in the vertical direction (V) and (H in the horizontal direction) are formed with a further panel, wherein (from a top 15 15 ) ausgehend an zumindest einer Seitenkante eine Fase ( ) From (on at least one side edge a chamfer 20 20 ) ausgebildet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet , dass die Fase ( ) Is formed, characterized in that the chamfer ( 20 20 ) oder die Formschlußelemente ( ) Or the interlocking elements ( 2 2 , . 3 3 ) mit zumindest einer Melaminschicht ( ) (With at least one melamine layer 21 21 ) überzogen oder imprägniert ist. ) Is coated or impregnated.
  2. Paneel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass auf der Oberseite ( Panel according to claim 1, characterized in that (on top 15 15 ) des Paneels ( () Of the panel 1 1 ) eine Dekorschicht ( ) A decorative layer ( 16 16 ) aufgebracht ist und die Melaminschicht ( ) Is applied and the melamine layer ( 21 21 ) eine der Dekorschicht ( ) One of the decorative layer ( 16 16 ) angenäherte Farbgebung aufweist. has) approximated color.
  3. Paneel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass auf der Fase ( Panel according to claim 1, characterized in that (on the chamfer 20 20 ) des Paneels ( () Of the panel 1 1 ) eine Dekorschicht ( ) A decorative layer ( 16 16 ), eine Lackschicht aufgebracht oder die Fase ( ), A lacquer layer is applied or the chamfer ( 20 20 ) bedruckt ist und als Abschluß die Melaminschicht ( ) Is printed, and (as a termination, the melamine layer 21 21 ) aufgebracht ist. ) Is applied.
DE200420001037 2004-01-24 2004-01-24 Panel, in particular floor panel Expired - Lifetime DE202004001037U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200420001037 DE202004001037U1 (en) 2004-01-24 2004-01-24 Panel, in particular floor panel

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200420001037 DE202004001037U1 (en) 2004-01-24 2004-01-24 Panel, in particular floor panel
AT05000992T AT462054T (en) 2004-01-24 2005-01-19 Panel, in particular floor panel
DE200550009261 DE502005009261D1 (en) 2004-01-24 2005-01-19 Panel, in particular floor panel
EP20050000992 EP1559850B1 (en) 2004-01-24 2005-01-19 Panel, in particular flooring panel
US11038472 US20050235593A1 (en) 2004-01-24 2005-01-21 Flooring panel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE202004001037U1 true DE202004001037U1 (en) 2004-04-29

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DE200420001037 Expired - Lifetime DE202004001037U1 (en) 2004-01-24 2004-01-24 Panel, in particular floor panel
DE200550009261 Active DE502005009261D1 (en) 2004-01-24 2005-01-19 Panel, in particular floor panel

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DE200550009261 Active DE502005009261D1 (en) 2004-01-24 2005-01-19 Panel, in particular floor panel

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US (1) US20050235593A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1559850B1 (en)
DE (2) DE202004001037U1 (en)

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EP1559850A3 (en) 2007-07-18 application
EP1559850B1 (en) 2010-03-24 grant
DE502005009261D1 (en) 2010-05-06 grant
EP1559850A2 (en) 2005-08-03 application
US20050235593A1 (en) 2005-10-27 application

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