EP1762671A1 - Building board, in particular flooring panel - Google Patents

Building board, in particular flooring panel Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1762671A1
EP1762671A1 EP20060017029 EP06017029A EP1762671A1 EP 1762671 A1 EP1762671 A1 EP 1762671A1 EP 20060017029 EP20060017029 EP 20060017029 EP 06017029 A EP06017029 A EP 06017029A EP 1762671 A1 EP1762671 A1 EP 1762671A1
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Prior art keywords
building
panel according
decor
side
panel
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EP20060017029
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP1762671B1 (en )
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Flooring Technologies Ltd
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Flooring Technologies Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02033Joints with beveled or recessed upper edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02038Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements characterised by tongue and groove connections between neighbouring flooring elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/19Sheets or webs edge spliced or joined
    • Y10T428/192Sheets or webs coplanar
    • Y10T428/195Beveled, stepped, or skived in thickness
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24355Continuous and nonuniform or irregular surface on layer or component [e.g., roofing, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24438Artificial wood or leather grain surface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24777Edge feature

Abstract

The board is made of wood material with an upper surface (1) and a lower surface (2). At least the upper surface is covered with a decorative wood grain layer. It has a tongue (5) and a groove (4) corresponding to each other, and side surfaces (7, 8). At least one side surface and the tongue and/or the groove are covered in the decorative wood grain layer.

Description

  • Die Erfindung betrifft eine Bauplatte, insbesondere ein Fußbodenpaneel aus Holzwerkstoff, mit einer Oberseite und einer Unterseite, bei der zumindest die Oberseite mit einer einen natürlichen Werkstoff imitierenden Dekorschicht versehen ist, mit zueinander korrespondierenden Verbindungsmitteln und umlaufenden Seitenflächen. The invention relates to a building panel, particularly a floor panel of wood material with a top and a bottom, wherein at least the upper side is provided with a decorative layer imitating a natural material, with mutually corresponding coupling means and surrounding side surfaces.
  • Eine solche Bauplatte ist beispielsweise aus der Such a building panel, for example, from the DE 20 2004 001 037 U1 DE 20 2004 001 037 U1 bekannt. known.
  • Fußbodenpaneele weisen auf der im verlegten Zustand oberen Fläche ein Dekor und eine auf das Dekor angepasste Strukturprägung auf, wodurch ein natürlicher Werkstoff, beispielsweise Holz oder Stein, imitiert werden soll. Floor panels have on the upper surface when laid on a decor and adapted to the decorative structure embossing, whereby a natural material such as wood or stone is to be imitated. Auch auf der Unterseite können ein Dekor und/oder eine Struktur vorhanden sein. Also on the bottom there is a decoration and / or structure may be present.
  • Als Basisplattenmaterial dienen Holzwerkstoffe, wie HDF-, MDF- oder OSB-Platten. As a base plate material used wooden materials such as HDF, MDF or OSB.
  • Die Dekore, die auf die Plattenmaterialien aufgebracht werden, können dabei auf einer Papierlage oder direkt auf die plattenförmige Basis gedruckt vorliegen. The decorations that are applied to the plate materials may be present on a printed paper layer or directly onto the plate-shaped base. Solche Dekore sind beispielsweise Holz- oder Steinimitationen. Such designs are, for example, wood or stone imitations.
  • Aus der From the DE 202 05 318 U1 DE 202 05 318 U1 ist ein Bodenpaneel bekannt, bei dem die Dekorschicht ein Muster mit Motiven nebeneinander angeordneter Objekte zeigt. discloses a floor panel, wherein the decorative layer is a pattern with designs of juxtaposed objects. Zwischen den Objekten ist eine Fuge in 3D-Anmutung dargestellt. Between the objects a gap in 3D appearance is shown.
  • Dem Dekor ist dabei häufig eine strukturgebende Prägung überlagert. The decor is often superimposed one structuring imprint. Vorzugsweise sind Dekor und Prägung exakt aufeinander abgestimmt, so genannte Synchronporen (embossed register), um die sichtbaren Flächen optisch und haptisch möglichst perfekt an den natürlichen Werkstoff anzunähern. Preferably decoration and embossing are precisely matched, so-called synchronous pores (embossed register), to approximate the visual and tactile visible surfaces perfectly as possible to the natural material.
  • Solche Laminatfußbodenpaneele weisen zunehmend auch umlaufende Fasen auf, die im verlegten Zustand sichtbar bleiben und V-Fugen ausbilden. Such laminate floor panels increasingly also have peripheral chamfers that remain visible in the laid state and form V-grooves. Auch umlaufende Fasen werden zunehmend dekoriert. Also circulating chamfers are increasingly decorated.
  • Die umlaufenden Fasen sind dazu unifarben ausgeführt oder führen das Dekor der sichtbaren Oberfläche weiter und weisen gegebenenfalls auch eine dekorsynchrone Strukturprägung auf, damit der optische und haptische Eindruck bezüglich eines natürlichen Werkstoffs verstärkt wird. The peripheral chamfers are designed to plain or cause the decor of the visible surface and further optionally have a pattern-synchronous structure embossed on, so that the visual and tactile impression is reinforced with respect to a natural material.
  • In der In the EP 1 454 763 A2 EP 1454763 A2 wird ein Verfahren zum Veredeln einer MDF- oder HDF-Platte mit einer Oberseite und einer Unterseite offenbart. is disclosed with a top and a bottom, a method for finishing a MDF or HDF plate. Hierzu wird zunächst eine Versiegelungsschicht aus Melaminharz auf die Oberseite der Platte aufgetragen. For this purpose, a sealing layer made of melamine resin is first applied to the top of the plate. Dann wird auf die Versiegelungsschicht ein Dekor aufgedruckt und auf das Dekor eine Schutzschicht aus Melaminharz aufgetragen. Then the sealing layer a decoration is printed and applied a protective layer made of melamine resin to the decoration. Unter Temperatureinwirkung wird die Platte dann solange verpresst, bis die Schutzschicht und die Versiegelungsschicht schmelzen und sich unter Einschluss des aufgedruckten Dekors miteinander verbinden. Under the action of temperature, the plate is then compressed until the protective layer and the sealing layer melt and bond to one another with inclusion of the printed decor.
  • Die Seitenflächen, aus denen Feder und Nut als Verbindungsmittel und gegebenenfalls auch noch Verriegelungselemente herausgearbeitet sind und die als reine Funktionsflächen im verlegten Zustand nicht sichtbar sind, zeigen das Basismaterial, z. The side surfaces of which groove and tongue are worked out as the connecting means and possibly also the locking elements and which are not visible as a pure functional surfaces in the installed state, showing the base material, eg. B. HDF, MDF oder OSB. B. HDF, MDF or OSB. Dadurch geht der Eindruck eines perfekten Imitates eines natürlichen Werkstoffes, beim Betrachter verloren. This is the impression of a perfect Imitates a natural material, lost in the viewer. Durch die fehlende dekorative Abdeckung wird häufig eine Minderung des Qualitätseindrucks beim Verbraucher solcher Fußboden paneele verursacht. Due to the lack decorative cover a reduction in the quality impression to the consumer such floor is often caused panels. Außerdem kann über die Seitenflächen Feuchtigkeit in das Basismaterial eindringen, was zum Aufquellen des Paneels und zur Zerstörung des Fußbodens führen kann. Further, over the side faces moisture can penetrate into the base material, which can lead to swelling of the panel and to the destruction of the floor.
  • Aufträge, die auf die Seitenflächen von Platten aufgebracht werden um diese zu versiegeln, sind bekannt. Orders which are applied to the side surfaces of plates to seal them, are known. So werden Seitenflächen von Möbelplatten mit Umleimern versehen. Thus side surfaces of furniture panels are provided with edge strips. Es ist auch bekannt, eine Folie um die Seitenflächen zu ziehen. It is also known to draw a sheet to the side surfaces. In der Praxis werden aber nur gerade Seitenflächen, ohne Funktionsflächen, versiegelt. In practice, however, only just faces without functional surfaces, sealed.
  • Die Seitenflächen von Fußbodenpaneelen sind als Funktionsflächen ausgeführt und weisen aufwändig herausgearbeitete Verbindungsmittel und gegebenenfalls Verriegelungselemente auf. The side faces of floor panels are realized as functional surfaces and have worked out complicated connection means and, where appropriate locking elements. Es ist bekannt, wachshaltige Aufträge auf die Verriegelungselemente aufzubringen. It is known to apply waxy jobs on the locking elements. Diese Aufträge sind ausschließlich funktionsorientiert und dienen der Vermeidung von Knarrgeräuschen verbundener Laminatfußbodenpaneele und auch der Hydrophobierung der Holzwerkstoffbasisplatte. These orders are exclusively function-oriented and serve to avoid squeaking noises associated laminate floor panels and the water repellency of the wood material base plate.
  • Nachteilig dabei ist, dass die Seitenflächen mit wachshaltigen Aufträgen nicht vollständig und auch nicht dauerhaft versiegelbar sind. it is disadvantageous that the side surfaces with wax-based contracts are not complete, nor permanently sealable. Als besonders nachteilig erweist sich, dass mit wachshaltigen Aufträgen zur Hydrophobierung das Basismaterial des Fußbodenpaneels, nicht abgedeckt wird. Be particularly disadvantageous that the base material of the floor, is not covered with wax-containing orders for waterproofing proves. Somit bleibt es bei solchen Fußbodenpaneelen bei einer unvollständigen Nachbildung eines natürlichen Werkstoffes. Thus, it remains at such floor panels in an incomplete copy of a natural material. Bei der Betrachtung der Seitenflächen solcher Fußbodenpaneele geht der Eindruck eines perfekten Imitats eines natürlichen Werkstoffs regelmäßig verloren. When looking at the faces of such floor panels, the impression of a perfect imitation of a natural material is regularly lost.
  • Von dieser Problemstellung ausgehend soll eine gattungsgemäße Bauplatte dahingehend verbessert werden, dass die Seitenflächen optisch und haptisch möglichst perfekt an den zu imitierenden Werkstoff angeglichen werden und eine dauerhafte Versiegelung gegen Umwelteinflüsse erreicht wird. Starting from this problem, a generic building board to be improved so that the side surfaces are optically and haptically perfectly as possible aligned with the material to be imitated, and a permanent seal is achieved against environmental influences.
  • Zur Problemlösung zeichnet sich eine gattungsgemäße Bauplatte dadurch aus, dass mindestens eine Seitenfläche und mindestens ein Verbindungsmittel mit einem Dekor versehen sind, vorzugsweise sind alle Seitenflächen, einschließlich der Verbindungsmittel und die Unterseite der Bauplatte mit einem Dekor versehen, das unter Berücksichtigung der Lage den selben natürlichen Werkstoff imitiert, wie die Dekorschicht auf der Oberseite. To solve the problem, a generic building panel is characterized in that at least one side surface and at least one connecting means with a pattern are provided, preferably, all side surfaces, including the connection means and the lower side of the building panel is provided with a decor, in consideration of the position the same natural imitated material, such as the decorative layer on the top.
  • Dadurch, dass mindestens eine Seitenfläche mit einem einen natürlichen Werkstoff imitierenden Dekor versehen ist wird der Eindruck eines natürlichen Werkstoffs verstärkt. Characterized in that at least one side surface is provided with a natural material imitating the decorative appearance of a natural material is enhanced. Wenn alle Seitenflächen einschließlich aller Verbindungsmittel und die Unterseite mit einem Dekor versehen sind, ist der Eindruck, dass es sich um einen natürlichen Werkstoff handelt nahezu perfekt. If all sides including all connecting means and the bottom are provided with a decor, the impression that it is a natural material is almost perfect. Bei einem Holzdekor beispielsweise kann die Lage der dekorierten Fläche berücksichtigt werden. In a wood decor, for example, the location of the decorated surface can be taken into account. Der Strukturverlauf (Maserung) wird an den Stirnkanten der Hirnholzmaserung angepasst. The structural profile (grain) is adapted to the front edges of the brain wood grain. An den Seitenkanten und den herausgearbeiteten Verbindungsmitteln kann der Maserungsverlauf der Oberfläche entsprechend fortgeführt werden. the grain direction of the surface can be continued according to the side edges and worked out connecting means.
  • Wenn die Bauplatte an ihren Seitenflächen eine umlaufende Kante, zum Beispiel eine Fase, aufweist, ist es vorteilhaft, diese ebenfalls mit einem einen natürlichen Werkstoff imitierenden Dekor zu versehen, damit im Bereich der Fase das Basismaterial nicht sichtbar ist, und auch an den Kantenflächen der Eindruck eines möglichst perfekten Imitates eines natürlichen Werkstoffes entstehen kann. If the building panel on their side faces has a circumferential edge, for example, a chamfer, it is advantageous to provide this also imitating a natural material decor so that the base material is in the range of the chamfer is not visible, and also on the edge surfaces of the can arise impression of a perfect possible Imitates a natural material.
  • Die Bauplatte kann an den Seitenflächen mit Verriegelungselementen zur mechanischen Verriegelung mehrerer Bauplatten untereinander versehen sein, damit eine einfache, leimfreie Verriegelung der Bauplatten und damit eine zeitsparende Verlegung der Bauplatten erreicht werden kann. The building board can be provided on the side surfaces with locking elements for the mechanical locking of several building boards to one another, so that a simple, glue-free locking of the building panels and a time-saving installation of the building boards can be achieved.
  • Vorteilhafterweise sind dann auch die Verriegelungselemente mit einem einen natürlichen Werkstoff imitierenden Dekor versehen, damit bei dem Betrachter bei der Betrachtung der Seitenflächen der Eindruck eines perfekten Imitats eines natürlichen Werkstoffes entsteht. Advantageously, the locking elements are then provided with a decoration imitating a natural material, so that when the viewer when looking at the side faces of the impression of a perfect imitation of a natural material is formed.
  • Vorteilhafterweise werden als Dekorfarben übliche Druckfarben eingesetzt, so dass eine kostengünstige Herstellung des Dekors erreicht werden kann. Advantageously, conventional printing inks are used as decoration colors, so that an economical manufacture of the decor can be achieved.
  • Insbesondere vorteilhaft ist es, das Dekor an den Seitenflächen mit einer wasserfesten, versiegelnden Abschlussschicht, die beispielsweise aus einer Polyurethanbeschichtung bestehen kann, abzudecken. It is particularly advantageous, the decor on the side surfaces with a water-resistant, sealed finishing layer, which may consist for example of a polyurethane coating cover is. So kann das Quellen und Schwinden der Bauplatte, das durch Feuchteeinwirkung ausgelöst wird, verringert werden und die Bauplatte kann auch in Einsatzgebieten mit erhöhter Feuchtebelastung, z. So can reduce the swelling and shrinking of the building, which is triggered by exposure to moisture, and the building board can also be used in areas with increased moisture exposure such. B. im Badezimmerbereich, eingesetzt werden. As are used in the bathroom area.
  • Um den optisch perfekt imitierten Eindruck eines natürlichen Werkstoffs noch weiter zu erhöhen, kann in die abschließende Polyurethanbeschichtung eine Strukturprägung eingeprägt sein, wobei Dekor und Struktur vorteilhafterweise aufeinander abgestimmt sind, so dass zum Beispiel bei einer Holzstruktur die aufgedruckten Poren mit einer entsprechenden Vertiefung in der Polyurethanbeschichtung versehen sind. In order to increase the optically perfect imitation impression of a natural material still further, in the final polyurethane coating an embossed structure may be embossed, with decor and structure are adjusted advantageously each other so that for example in a wooden structure, the printed pores with a corresponding recess in the polyurethane coating are provided.
  • Es hat sich gezeigt, dass durch eine Polyurethanbeschichtung Knarrgeräusche miteinander verbundener Bauplatten, die durch Reibung der Bauplatten untereinander verursacht werden, dauerhaft vermieden werden können. It has been found that can be permanently prevented by a polyurethane coating creaking interconnected building panels, which are caused by friction of the building panels together. Besonders vorteilhaft ist, dass durch die Polyurethanbeschichtung auch dann eine passgenaue Verbindung der Bauplatten untereinander erreicht werden kann, wenn Unebenheiten und/oder fertigungstoleranzbedingte kleinere Maßabweichungen auftreten, da diese von der elastischen Polyurethanbeschichtung kompensiert werden können. It is particularly advantageous that a custom-fit connection of the building panels can be mutually achieved by the polyurethane coating, even when unevenness and / or production-tolerance-related deviations occur smaller, because they can be compensated by the elastic polyurethane coating. So können qualitativ hochwertige Produkte hergestellt werden. So high-quality products can be produced.
  • Der Auftrag des Dekors auf die Seitenflächen kann mittels eines Walzendruckwerkes erfolgen, um eine schnelle, kontinuierliche und kostengünstige Produktion dieser Bauplatten zu gewährleisten. The order of the decoration on the side surfaces can be carried out by a roll printing unit to ensure rapid, continuous and cost-effective production of structural panels. Um die Produktionskapazität zu erhöhen, können auch mehrere Walzendruckwerke hintereinander betrieben werden, die das Dekor auf die Seitenflächen, auf die umlaufende Kante, auf die Verbindungsmittel und auf die Verriegelungsmittel aufbringen. In order to increase the production capacity, a plurality of rotary printing stations can be operated in series, which apply the decoration to the side faces, on the circumferential edge, the connecting means and the locking means. Zweckmäßigerweise sind die Walzendruckwerke entsprechend der Gestaltung der Verbindungsmittel bzw. der Seitenflächen der Bauplatte profiliert, um sicherzustellen, dass das Dekor auch auf alle Flächen des Verbindungsmittels bzw. der Seitenflächen oder der Verriegelungsmittel aufgetragen wird. Conveniently, the roll printing units are profiled according to the design of the connecting means or the side faces of the building panel in that the decoration is applied to all surfaces of the connecting means or the side surfaces or the locking means to ensure.
  • Es ist auch möglich, das Dekor mittels eines oder mehrerer digitaler Drucker aufzubringen, wodurch der Auftrag noch weiter vereinfacht werden kann. It is also possible to apply the decoration using one or more digital printer, whereby the order can be further simplified.
  • Alternativ ist der Auftrag des Dekors auch durch mindestens ein Spritzlackierwerk, beispielsweise durch sog. Vakumaten, bei denen der farbpartikeltragende Luftstrom nach der Übergabe der Farbpartikel auf die zu beschichtende Oberfläche gerichtet abgesaugt wird, möglich. Alternatively, the order of the decoration is aspirated by at least one Spritzlackierwerk, for example by so-called. Vakumaten in which the colored particles carrying air stream after the transfer of the colored particles directed onto the surface to be coated, is possible. So kann Herstellung der Bauplatten auch an unterschiedliche maschinelle Voraussetzungen des herstellenden Werkes angepasst werden. So production of structural panels can be adapted to different mechanical conditions of the manufacturing plant.
  • Es hat sich gezeigt, dass es vorteilhaft ist, auf die Dekorschicht eine wasserfeste Abschlussschicht, beispielsweise aus Polyurethan, aufzubringen, um eine elastische und gegenüber mechanischen Beanspruchungen trotzdem resistentere Oberflächen auf der Bauplatte zu erzeugen. It has been found that it is advantageous to the decorative layer a water-resistant final layer, for example made of polyurethane, to produce an elastic and to mechanical stresses still more resistant surfaces on the building panel to apply. Diese versiegelnde Polyurethanbeschichtung kann mittels eines oder mehrerer Walzendruckwerke oder Spritzlackierwerke aufgebracht werden. This sealing polyurethane coating may be applied using one or more printing units or roller Spritzlackierwerke. Neben polyurethanbasierten Beschichtungen können auch Kunststoffe oder Lacke, wie beispielsweise UV- oder elektronenstrahlhärtbare Lacke eingesetzt werden. In addition to polyurethane-based coatings and plastics or paints can, such as UV or electron radiation-curable lacquers. Der Polyurethanbeschichtung können auch Kunststoffe oder die vorstehend beschriebenen Lacke zugesetzt werden. The polyurethane coating can also be added to plastics or the coating materials described above.
  • In diese Abschlussschicht kann eine Struktur mit mindestens einer strukturprägenden Walze eingeprägt werden, so dass Dekor und Struktur einem natürlichen Naturprodukt entsprechen und auf das Dekor der Oberseite der Bauplatte abgestimmt sind. In this final layer, a structure having at least one structural embossing roll can be engraved so that decor and structure corresponding to a natural natural product and are compatible with the decor of the upper surface of the building board.
  • Durch die wasserfeste Beschichtung der Bauplatte ist eine dauerhafte Verringerung der hygroskopischen Eigenschaften der Bauplatten sichergestellt. By the water-resistant coating of the building board, a permanent reduction of the hygroscopic properties of the building boards is ensured. So lassen sich qualitativ hochwertige Produkte herstellen, die ein vermindertes Quell- und Schwindverhalten aufweisen. Thus, high-quality products can be produced which have a reduced swelling and shrinkage.
  • Mit Hilfe einer Zeichnung soll ein Ausführungsbeispiel der Erfindung nachfolgend näher erläutert werden. With the aid of a drawing, an embodiment of the invention will be explained in more detail below. Es zeigt: It shows:
    • Fig. 1 - den Querschnitt einer Bauplatte; Fig. 1 - the cross-section of a building board;
    • Fig. 2 - die Draufsicht auf eine Bauplatte; Fig. 2 - is a plan view of a building panel;
    • Fig. 3 - eine perspektivische Ansicht der Bauplatte und Fig. 3 - is a perspective view of the structural panel and
    • Fig. 4 - ein Verfahrensschema zur Herstellung der Bauplatte. FIG. 4 - is a process diagram for the production of the building panel.
  • Figur 1 zeigt eine Bauplatte mit einer Oberseite 1 und einer Unterseite 2, die auf der Oberseite 1 und der Unterseite 2 eine einen natürlichen Werkstoff imitierende Dekorschicht 3 aufweist. 1 shows a building board with an upper side 1 and a bottom 2 having on the top 1 and bottom 2, a natural material imitating the decorative layer. 3 Die Bauplatte weist eine Fase 6 und an sich gegenüberliegenden Seiten zueinander korrespondierende Verbindungsmittel 4 und 5 auf. The building panel has a chamfer 6 and to one another on opposite sides corresponding connecting means 4 and 5. Die Seitenflächen 7, 8, 9 sind ebenfalls mit einem einen natürlichen Werkstoff imitierenden Dekor versehen. The side surfaces 7, 8, 9 are also provided with a natural material imitative decor. Das Dekor der Fase 6 und der Seitenflächen 7, 8, 9 ist auf die optische Gestaltung der Dekorschicht 3 der Oberseite 1 bzw. Unterseite 2 der Bauplatte abgestimmt und mittels mehrerer Walzendruckwerke aufgebracht worden. The decor of the chamfer 6 and the side surfaces 7, 8, 9 has been adapted to the optical design of the decorative layer 3 of the top 1 and bottom 2 of the building board and applied by means of several roller printing. Im Anschluss an den Auftrag des Dekors ist eine Polyurethanbeschichtung der Seitenflächen 7, 8, 9 und der zueinander korrespondierenden Verbindungsmittel 4, 5 sowie der Fase 6 erfolgt. Following the application of the decoration, a polyurethane coating of the side surfaces 7, 8, 9 and the mutually corresponding connecting means 4, 5 and 6 the chamfer is made. Zweckmäßigerweise ist die Polyurethanbeschichtung ebenfalls mit einem Walzendruckwerk aufgebracht worden. Advantageously, the polyurethane coating has also been applied with a roll printing unit. In die versiegelnde Polyurethanbeschichtung ist mittels einer strukturprägenden Walze 11 eine einen natürlichen Werkstoff imitierende Strukturprägung eingeprägt. In the sealing polyurethane coating is a natural material mimicking structure embossing is embossed by means of a structure embossing roller. 11 Dekor und Struktur sind dabei aufeinander abgestimmt, um eine nahezu perfekte Imitation eines natürlichen Werkstoffs zu ermöglichen. Decor and structure are matched to allow an almost perfect imitation of a natural material.
  • Fig. 2 zeigt die Draufsicht auf eine Bauplatte mit einer Oberseite 1 und sich gegenüberliegenden, zueinander korrespondierenden Verbindungsmitteln 4 und 5 sowie einer Fase 6. Die Oberseite 1 und die Unterseite 2 der Bauplatte sind mit einer ein Holzdekor imitierenden Dekorschicht 3 versehen. Fig. 2 shows the top view of a building board with an upper side 1 and the opposing, mutually corresponding connecting means 4 and 5 and a bevel 6. The top 1 and bottom 2 of the building are imitated with a wood decor decorative layer 3 provided. Auf die Dekorschicht 3 ist eine wasserfeste Polyurethanbeschichtung aufgebracht, in die eine Holzstruktur eingeprägt ist. On the decorative layer 3 has a water resistant polyurethane coating is applied, in which a wood structure is embossed. Holzmaserung und Strukturprägung sind so aufeinander abgestimmt, dass eine nahezu perfekte Imitation einer natürlichen Holzplatte entsteht, wobei die Lage der Fläche berücksichtigt wird. Wood grain and structural embossing are coordinated so that an almost perfect imitation of a natural wood panel is created, wherein the position of the surface is taken into account. An der Stirnseite ist das Dekor so gewählt, dass der Eindruck von Hirnholz entsteht. On the front side, the decor is chosen so that the impression of end grain is produced.
  • Fig. 3 zeigt die perspektivische Ansicht einer Bauplatte mit einer Oberseite 1 und einer Unterseite 2, bei der auf die Oberseite 1 und alternativ auch auf die Unterseite 2 eine Dekorschicht 3 aufgebracht ist. Fig. 3 shows the perspective view of a building panel having a top surface 1 and a bottom 2, wherein on the top 1, and alternatively also to the bottom 2, a decorative layer 3 is applied. Auf die Seitenflächen 7, 8, 9 und die Verbindungsmittel 4, 5 sowie auf die Fase 6 ist ebenfalls ein Dekor aufgebracht, wobei dieses Dekor an die optische Gestaltung der Dekorschicht 3 auf der Oberseite 1 der Bauplatte angepasst ist. a decoration is also applied to the side surfaces 7, 8, 9 and the connecting means 4, 5 and on the chamfer 6, wherein said decoration is adapted to the optical design of the decorative layer 3 on the upper side 1 of the building board. Auf die Dekorschicht 3 sowie auf das Dekor der Seitenflächen 7, 8, 9, der Verbindungsmittel 4, 5 und die Fase 6 ist eine abschließende Schicht aus Polyurethan aufgebracht, in die eine zum Dekor der Seitenflächen 7, 8, 9, der Verbindungsmittel 4, 5, der Fase 6 sowie der Dekorschicht 3 auf der Oberseite 1 der Bauplatte korrespondierende Struktur eingeprägt ist, um eine nahezu perfekte Imitation eines natürlichen Werkstoffes zu erzeugen. a final layer of polyurethane is applied to the decorative layer 3 and on the decor of the side surfaces 7, 8, 9, of the connecting means 4, 5 and the chamfer 6, in which a to the decor of the side surfaces 7, 8, 9, of the connecting means 4, 5, the chamfer 6 and the decorative layer 3 on the upper side of the structural panel 1 corresponding structure is embossed to produce a virtually perfect imitation of a natural material.
  • Fig. 4 zeigt eine Vorrichtung zur Herstellung der erfindungsgemäßen Bauplatte mit zwei Walzendruckwerken 10, die die Dekorschicht 3 auf die Oberseite 1 der Bauplatte sowie auf die umlaufenden Seiten 7, 8, 9, die Verbindungsmittel 4, 5 und die Fase 6 auftragen. Fig. 4 shows an apparatus for producing the structural panel according to the invention with two roller printing units 10, which apply the decorative layer 3 on the upper side 1 of the building board and to the peripheral sides 7, 8, 9, the connecting means 4, 5 and the chamfer. 6 Die Walze des Walzendruckwerkes 10 ist profiliert, so dass ein zuverlässiger Farbauftrag auf alle Flächen der Bauplatte erfolgt. If the roll of the printing unit 10 is profiled, so that a reliable application of ink to all of the surfaces of the building board. Die strukturgebenden Walzen 11 prägen eine zum jeweiligen Dekor korrespondierende Oberflächenstruktur in die Verbindungsmittel 4, 5, die umlaufenden Seitenflächen 7, 8, 9 und die Fase 6 ein. The structure-giving rollers 11 a corresponding shape to the respective decorative surface structure in the connecting means 4, 5, the circumferential side surfaces 7, 8, 9 and the chamfer 6 a.
  • Bezugszeichenliste: LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 1 1
    Oberseite top
    2 2
    Unterseite bottom
    3 3
    Dekorschicht decorative layer
    4 4
    Verbindungsmittel connecting means
    5 5
    Verbindungsmittel connecting means
    6 6
    Fase chamfer
    7 7
    Seitenfläche side surface
    8 8th
    Seitenfläche side surface
    9 9
    Seitenfläche side surface
    10 10
    Walzendruckwerk Roll printing unit
    11 11
    strukturprägende Walze structure defining roller

Claims (9)

  1. Bauplatte, insbesondere Fußbodenpaneel aus Holzwerkstoff, mit einer Oberseite (1) und einer Unterseite (2), bei der zumindest die Oberseite (1) mit einer einen natürlichen Werkstoff imitierenden Dekorschicht (3) versehen ist, mit zueinander korrespondierenden Verbindungsmitteln (4, 5) und umlaufenden Seitenflächen (7, 8, 9), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens eine Seitenfläche (7, 8, 9) und mindestens ein Verbindungsmittel (4, 5) mit einem Dekor versehen sind. Building board, in particular floor panel made from wood material, having a top (1) and a bottom (2), wherein at least the upper side (1) provided with a natural material imitating the decorative layer (3), with mutually corresponding connecting means (4, 5) and circumferential side surfaces (7, 8, 9), characterized in that at least one side face (7, 8, 9) and at least one connecting means (4, 5) are provided with a decoration.
  2. Bauplatte nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie eine umlaufende Fase (6) aufweist, die mit einem Dekor versehen ist. Having structural panel according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a peripheral chamfer (6) provided with a decoration.
  3. Bauplatte nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Verbindungsmittel (4, 5) Verrieglungselemente zur mechanischen Verriegelung zweier benachbarter Bauplatten untereinander aufweisen und die Verriegelungselemente mit demselben Dekor wie die Verbindungsmittel (4, 5) versehen sind. A panel according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the connecting means (4, 5) locking elements for the mechanical locking of two adjoining building panels have with each other and the locking elements with the same decor as the connecting means (4, 5) are provided.
  4. Bauplatte nach einem oder mehreren der vorstehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die optische Gestaltung des Dekors der optischen Gestaltung der einen natürlichen Werkstoff imitierenden Dekorschicht (3) auf der Oberseite (1) entspricht. Building panel according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that the optical design of the decor of the optical design of a natural material imitating the decorative layer (3) on the top (1).
  5. Bauplatte nach einem oder mehreren der voranstehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Dekor mit einer versiegelnden Abschlussschicht versehen ist. Building panel according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that the decoration is provided with a sealing cap layer.
  6. Bauplatte nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Abschlussschicht aus Polyurethan besteht. A panel according to claim 5, characterized in that the final layer consists of polyurethane.
  7. Bauplatte nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Abschlussschicht mit einer Strukturprägung versehen ist. A panel according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the terminating layer is provided with an embossed structure.
  8. Bauplatte nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Strukturprägung an das Dekor angepasst ist. A panel according to claim 7, characterized in that the structure embossing is adapted to the decor.
  9. Bauplatte nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass alle Seitenflächen (7, 8, 9) einschließlich aller Verbindungsmittel (4, 5) und die Unterseite (2) mit einem Dekor versehen sind, das unter Berücksichtigung der Lage denselben natürlichen Werkstoff imitiert wie die Dekorschicht auf der Oberseite (1). A panel according to claim 1, characterized in that all lateral surfaces (7, 8, 9) including all the connecting means (4, 5) and the underside (2) are provided with a decor, the same natural material mimics in consideration of the situation as the decorative layer on the top (1).
EP20060017029 2005-09-08 2006-08-16 Building board, in particular flooring panel Active EP1762671B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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DE200510042658 DE102005042658B3 (en) 2005-09-08 2005-09-08 Tongued and grooved board for flooring has at least one side surface and tongue and/or groove with decorative layer applied

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EP1762671A1 true true EP1762671A1 (en) 2007-03-14
EP1762671B1 EP1762671B1 (en) 2011-06-22

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US8919063B2 (en) 2014-12-30 grant

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