CN2888829Y - Peanuts harvester - Google Patents

Peanuts harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2888829Y
CN2888829Y CN 200620030205 CN200620030205U CN2888829Y CN 2888829 Y CN2888829 Y CN 2888829Y CN 200620030205 CN200620030205 CN 200620030205 CN 200620030205 U CN200620030205 U CN 200620030205U CN 2888829 Y CN2888829 Y CN 2888829Y
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
chain
seedling
roller
peanut
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200620030205
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Chinese (zh)
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叶保国
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN 200620030205 priority Critical patent/CN2888829Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a peanut harvesting machine, which comprises a chassis, a hanging frame, a power shaft, a plow mechanism, a size-fixing wheel, a balancing wheel, a chain group transmission mechanism installed at the middle part of the chassis and having one chain wheel axis linked with the power shaft, an eccentric wheel installed on the chassis between two chain wheel axes of the transmission mechanism via wheel axis, a stalk harvester installed at back part of the chassis, a movable extrusion roller installed on the chassis above the aforementioned chain wheel axis, a spring arranged between the extrusion roller and chassis for adjusting position and pressure of the extrusion roller, and a guide chain wheel roller installed at the lower part of the chassis and linked with the movable extrusion roller. The chain wheel installed on the guide chain wheel roller is meshed with the chain of the chain group transmission mechanism, or the guide chain wheel roller is linked with the chain wheel axis or power shaft, or the movable extrusion roller is linked with the chain wheel axis or power shaft. The utility model can realize extrusion and vibration to effectively remove soil. Furthermore, the utility model is provided with a stalk separator, bringing good economic benefit.

Description

Harvester for peanut
One. technical field: the utility model relates to a kind of crops reaping machine, particularly relates to a kind of harvester for peanut.
Two. background technology: China is a large agricultural country, crops of a great variety, wherein peanut is a kind of economy crop that better nutritivity is worth that has, its plantation region is wide, cultivated area is big (accounting for more than 15% of total termination area), traditional harvesting peanut adopts manual operation, its efficient is low, and labour intensity is big, be improved to the semi-mechanization operation afterwards, adopt mechanization that peanut is excavated, artificial then turning over again while picking up picked up the peanut that is buried in the soil, though it has reduced part labour intensity, but efficient is still very low, and the peanut percent of loss is up to more than 6%, can not satisfy the needs of modern production, at this situation, people develop the higher harvester for peanut of multiple automaticity, disclose a kind of " garlic; harvester for peanut " as Chinese patent (Granted publication number be CN2607734Y, the patent No. is 03200590.3), it comprises frame, pack roller, digger blade, hoisting equipment and transmission device, described frame comprises hanger bracket, frame, pack roller and gauge wheel are installed on frame, and described digger blade is a grafter, is installed on the frame, described hoisting equipment is a vibration-type, be installed on the frame, be positioned at the rear of digger blade, be provided with seedling regulating wheel in the both sides in vibration-type hoisting equipment the place ahead, this reaping machine shovels out peanut, and on the vibration-type hoisting equipment, shake, remove the soil on the peanut, reduce labour intensity greatly, but also there are some defectives: adopt the one-level vibrations, be difficult for earth is shaken fully, need manually to tremble again soil, the efficient of influence results.
Three. the content of utility model:
The purpose of this utility model: overcome the defective of prior art, provide a kind of reasonable in design, can realize pushing and vibrating function and receive the high harvester for peanut of fruit efficient.
The technical solution of the utility model: a kind of harvester for peanut, contain organic frame, on the front portion of frame, the below is fixed with hanger bracket and scale wheel respectively, its both sides, rear portion are separately installed with a stabilizer, low early and high after chain-arranged type connecting gear is installed at the middle part of frame, on the frame between two sprocket shafts of this connecting gear camshaft is installed, the eccentric wheel of installing on this camshaft makes the chain of connecting gear produce vibration, and a sprocket shaft of chain-arranged type connecting gear connects with the line shaft that frame front is installed, plough shovel mechanism is installed on the frame in preceding sprocket shaft the place ahead, the rear portion of frame is equipped with receives the seedling device, on the frame of sprocket shaft top movable compression roller is installed before described, and be provided with spring between compression roller and the frame, to adjust the position and the pressure of compression roller, described movable compression roller connects with the drag chain supporting-point roller that is installed in frame lower, and the sprocket wheel of installing on the drag chain supporting-point roller is meshed with the chain of chain-arranged type transmission mechanism, perhaps the drag chain supporting-point roller connects with sprocket shaft or line shaft, and perhaps movable compression roller connects with sprocket shaft or line shaft.
Described frame front below is equipped with seedling separating roller, and this seedling separating roller connects with sprocket shaft or line shaft.
Described receipts seedling device is trembled native net handle for the eccentric seedling of receiving, and it is installed in the frame rear portion, and connects with crank connecting link, and crank axle is installed in the frame rear portion and connects with sprocket shaft.
Perhaps, described receipts seedling device is a grid strip screen, and it is installed in the frame rear portion, and outwards the below tilts.
Described plough shovels mechanism and is made of fixed head and plough shovel, wherein the two ends of fixed head are separately fixed at the both sides of frame lower, the plough shovel is fixed on the fixed head for tooth form and activity, the fixed head rear end of plough shovel mechanism whenever keeps at a certain distance away and is fixed with rib, makes the preliminary sharp soil of seedling fruit and enters on the chain row of chain-arranged type connecting gear; Described compression roller is provided with chevron shaped or the V-shape fin, is convenient to take off seedling.
Be fixed with some on each chain of chain-arranged type connecting gear row respectively and, be convenient to break ground and arrange seedling according to the thorn bar of certain arrangement; Two inboards of described frame are installed a baffle plate respectively, make the seedling fruit by regular movement.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
1. the utility model is reasonable in design, can realize extruding and vibration, the net fruit rate height, its compression roller and preceding sprocket shaft can push the peanut seedling that just is unearthed, and make the fast fragmentation of soil and break away from peanut seedling, and, compression roller is movable to be installed on the frame, by adjusting its position, realize the distance between compression roller and the preceding sprocket shaft, in addition, be provided with spring between compression roller and the frame, can adjust distance at any time with the size of soil block, when running into fragment of brick, guarantee not damage compression roller or vexed car phenomenon takes place.Eccentric vibration of employing and thorn bar break ground in the results process of peanut, and whole fragmentations of earth and shake on the peanut are fallen, and are convenient to receive and transport, and the labour intensity of reduction follow-up work uses very convenient.
2. frame front of the present utility model below is equipped with seedling separating roller, and this seedling separating roller connects with sprocket shaft or line shaft, prevents that like this peanut seedling is wrapped on the frame, has overcome the phenomenon of filling in the reaping machine fire extinguishing that causes owing to twining, and uses very convenient.
3. receipts seedling device of the present utility model is trembled native net handle for the eccentric seedling of receiving, and it is installed in the frame rear portion, and connects with crank connecting link, and crank axle is installed in the frame rear portion and connects with sprocket shaft, adopts the one-level vibration more, makes peanut seedling remove soil more; In addition, receiving the seedling device also can be grid strip screen, and it is installed in the frame rear portion, and outwards the below tilts.Receive the seedling device peanut seedling is concentrated to a side, peanut seedling is discharged regularly along the right side, be convenient to fortune on the one hand and receive, avoiding next time on the other hand, wheel rolls peanut.
4. the utility model adopts tooth form to dig shovel, bury fast, resistance is little, two ends shovel pin is fixed, and is very steady and firm, is beneficial to and separates seedlings or planting.
5. the utility model is applied widely, except that being used to gather in the crops the peanut, changes chain row's distance, can also be used to gather in the crops crops such as garlic, potato, has favorable economic benefit after the popularization.
Four. description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is one of structural representation of harvester for peanut;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of harvester for peanut shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 3 be harvester for peanut structural representation two;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of harvester for peanut shown in Figure 3.
Five. embodiment:
Embodiment one: referring to Fig. 1, and Fig. 2, among the figure, on the front portion of the frame of harvester for peanut, the below is fixed with hanger bracket 3 and scale wheel 18 respectively, its both sides, rear portion are separately installed with a stabilizer 13, low early and high after chain-arranged type connecting gear 15 is installed at the middle part of frame, a camshaft 7 (also a plurality of camshafts can be installed as required) is installed on the frame between two sprocket shafts 10 of this connecting gear and 16, the eccentric wheel of installing on this camshaft 7 makes the chain of connecting gear produce vibration, and the back sprocket shaft 10 of chain-arranged type connecting gear connects with the wheel shaft of the power wheel 4 that frame front is installed, power wheel 4 tops are provided with a pinch roller 5, plough shovel mechanism is installed on the frame in preceding sprocket shaft 16 the place aheads, plough shovel mechanism is made of fixed head and plough shovel 1, wherein the two ends of fixed head are separately fixed at the both sides of frame lower, and plough shovel 1 is fixed on the fixed head for tooth form and activity; Whenever keeping at a certain distance away in the fixed head rear end of plough shovel mechanism is fixed with rib 17, makes the preliminary sharp soil of seedling fruit and enters on the chain row of chain-arranged type connecting gear.The rear portion of frame is equipped with receives the seedling device, and described receipts seedling device is trembled native net 12 for the eccentric seedling of receiving, and it is installed in the frame rear portion, and connects with crank connecting link, and crank axle 11 is installed in the frame rear portion and connects with sprocket shaft 10.On the frame of preceding sprocket shaft top movable compression roller 6 is installed, and be provided with spring between compression roller 6 and the frame, to adjust the position and the pressure of compression roller 6, movable compression roller 6 connects with the drag chain supporting-point roller 14 that is installed in frame lower, and the sprocket wheel of installing on the drag chain supporting-point roller 14 is meshed with the chain of chain-arranged type transmission mechanism, for compression roller 6 provides power, in addition, also can adopt other connecting modes, as: drag chain supporting-point roller 14 connects with sprocket shaft 10 or line shaft, and perhaps movable compression roller 6 directly connects with sprocket shaft 10 or line shaft.Among the figure, sprocket shaft 10 and follower 9, double grooved pulley 8 are coaxial, and the driving wheel on follower 9 and the line shaft connects, and double grooved pulley 8 connects with camshaft 7 and crank axle 11 respectively.
The frame front below is equipped with seedling separating roller 2, and this seedling separating roller 2 connects (also can connect with line shaft) by the belt pulley 20 of its upper end with sprocket shaft 10.Be fixed with some on each chain row of chain-arranged type connecting gear 15 respectively and, be convenient to break ground and arrange seedling according to the thorn bar 21 of certain arrangement; Two inboards of frame are installed a baffle plate 19 respectively, make the seedling fruit by regular movement.In addition, can also on the frame above the sprocket shaft 10 of back a movable compression roller 6 be installed, realize extruding once more, its concrete structure is basic identical, does not repeat.
During work, hanger bracket 3 articulates with tractor, drive 4 connects with the power of tractor by belt, power is provided for whole reaping machine, tractor moves ahead, the motion of drive reaping machine, at this moment, scale wheel 18 overwhelms peanut seedling, and the soil on top layer pushed successively, make whole soil block loose, then plough shovel 1 really is with peanut seedling mamoty to rise according to the tilling depth of crops needs, and peanut seedling really is sent on the rib 17, carry out the vibrating transportation first time, by current vibration, whole soil block is shaken is broken into large clod, and peanut seedling really enters on the chain-arranged type connecting gear 15 then, by chain supporting-point roller 16 and compression roller 6 extruding, the regolith crushing of its bulk, because the effect of camshaft 7, the soil block on the peanut seedling is shaken, realize vibrating transportation for the second time, last peanut seedling really enters the eccentric seedling of receiving and trembles native net 12, and crank axle 11 drives crank connecting link and rotates, and realizes vibration for the third time, by current vibration, soil block is shaken broken fully, and falls earthward, after this, peanut and rice shoot are concentrated the right side of falling reaping machine, and be placed in regularly on the ground, be convenient to fortune on the one hand and receive, avoiding next time on the other hand, wheel rolls peanut.In addition, compression roller 6 is provided with chevron shaped or the V-shape fin, is convenient to take off seedling.
Embodiment two: present embodiment and embodiment one are basic identical, something in common does not repeat, difference is: receiving the seedling device is grid strip screen 22, it is installed in the frame rear portion, and outwards the below tilts, and peanut seedling really enters grid strip screen 22 after the vibration through chain-arranged type connecting gear 15, concentrate the right side of falling reaping machine then, and be placed in regularly on the ground, be convenient to fortune on the one hand and receive, avoiding next time on the other hand, wheel rolls peanut.
Change chain row's spacing, can gather in the crops other crops such as garlic, potato, change the form of transmission mechanism and the version of seedling separating roller and can form a plurality of embodiment, be excursion of the present utility model, do not describe in detail one by one at this.

Claims (6)

1. harvester for peanut, contain organic frame, on the front portion of frame, the below is fixed with hanger bracket and scale wheel respectively, its both sides, rear portion are separately installed with a stabilizer, low early and high after chain-arranged type connecting gear is installed at the middle part of frame, on the frame between two sprocket shafts of this connecting gear camshaft is installed, the eccentric wheel of installing on this camshaft makes the chain of connecting gear produce vibration, and a sprocket shaft of chain-arranged type connecting gear connects with the line shaft that frame front is installed, plough shovel mechanism is installed on the frame in preceding sprocket shaft the place ahead, the rear portion of frame is equipped with receives the seedling device, it is characterized in that: on the frame of sprocket shaft top movable compression roller is installed before described, and be provided with spring between compression roller and the frame, to adjust the position and the pressure of compression roller, described movable compression roller connects with the drag chain supporting-point roller that is installed in frame lower, and the sprocket wheel of installing on the drag chain supporting-point roller is meshed with the chain of chain-arranged type transmission mechanism, perhaps the drag chain supporting-point roller connects with sprocket shaft or line shaft, and perhaps movable compression roller connects with sprocket shaft or line shaft.
2. harvester for peanut according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described frame front below is equipped with seedling separating roller, and this seedling separating roller connects with sprocket shaft or line shaft.
3. harvester for peanut according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described receipts seedling device is trembled native net handle for the eccentric seedling of receiving, and it is installed in the frame rear portion, and connects with crank connecting link, and crank axle is installed in the frame rear portion and connects with sprocket shaft.
4. harvester for peanut according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described receipts seedling device is a grid strip screen, and it is installed in the frame rear portion, and outwards the below tilts.
5. according to the arbitrary described harvester for peanut of claim 1~4, it is characterized in that: described plough shovels mechanism and is made of fixed head and plough shovel, wherein the two ends of fixed head are separately fixed at the both sides of frame lower, the plough shovel is fixed on the fixed head for tooth form and activity, the fixed head rear end of plough shovel mechanism whenever keeps at a certain distance away and is fixed with rib, makes the preliminary sharp soil of seedling fruit and enters on the chain row of chain-arranged type connecting gear; Described compression roller is provided with chevron shaped or the V-shape fin, is convenient to take off seedling.
6. harvester for peanut according to claim 5 is characterized in that: be fixed with some on each chain row of described chain-arranged type connecting gear respectively and according to the thorn bar of certain arrangement, be convenient to break ground and arrange seedling; Two inboards of described frame are installed a baffle plate respectively, make the seedling fruit by regular movement.
CN 200620030205 2006-03-17 2006-03-17 Peanuts harvester Expired - Fee Related CN2888829Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620030205 CN2888829Y (en) 2006-03-17 2006-03-17 Peanuts harvester

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620030205 CN2888829Y (en) 2006-03-17 2006-03-17 Peanuts harvester

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CN2888829Y true CN2888829Y (en) 2007-04-18

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101185389B (en) * 2007-10-25 2010-12-29 叶保国 Reciprocating vibrating type peanut harvesting machine
CN101946582A (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-01-19 李好义 Clod crushing device for peanut harvester
CN101502207B (en) * 2009-03-24 2011-02-09 叶保国 Harvester for peanut
CN102771242A (en) * 2012-07-24 2012-11-14 青岛农业大学 Single-floating soil-cleaning windrowing peanut combine
CN103430683A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-12-11 程水高 Peanut harvester
CN104081925A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-08 正阳县程功机械有限公司 Hook type peanut harvester
CN106134612A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-11-23 黄淮学院 A kind of harvester for peanut
CN108496519A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-09-07 河南沃德机械制造有限公司 A kind of peanut harvester
CN109351412A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-02-19 大连绿云科技有限公司 A kind of travelling pulverizer and method
CN109451949A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-12 屈宸昊 A kind of hand propelled garlic digging harvester

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101185389B (en) * 2007-10-25 2010-12-29 叶保国 Reciprocating vibrating type peanut harvesting machine
CN101502207B (en) * 2009-03-24 2011-02-09 叶保国 Harvester for peanut
CN101946582A (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-01-19 李好义 Clod crushing device for peanut harvester
CN102771242A (en) * 2012-07-24 2012-11-14 青岛农业大学 Single-floating soil-cleaning windrowing peanut combine
CN102771242B (en) * 2012-07-24 2015-07-29 青岛农业大学 One cultivates peanut singly floats the clear native bar paving machine of combination
CN103430683A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-12-11 程水高 Peanut harvester
CN104081925A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-08 正阳县程功机械有限公司 Hook type peanut harvester
CN106134612A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-11-23 黄淮学院 A kind of harvester for peanut
CN108496519A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-09-07 河南沃德机械制造有限公司 A kind of peanut harvester
CN109351412A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-02-19 大连绿云科技有限公司 A kind of travelling pulverizer and method
CN109451949A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-12 屈宸昊 A kind of hand propelled garlic digging harvester

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20070418

Termination date: 20100317