CN203226027U - All-cleaning combined harvester for root and stem crops - Google Patents

All-cleaning combined harvester for root and stem crops Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203226027U
CN203226027U CN 201320133975 CN201320133975U CN203226027U CN 203226027 U CN203226027 U CN 203226027U CN 201320133975 CN201320133975 CN 201320133975 CN 201320133975 U CN201320133975 U CN 201320133975U CN 203226027 U CN203226027 U CN 203226027U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gearbox
chain
shaft
row
shovel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320133975
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王维国
任进喜
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王维国
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Priority to CN 201320133975 priority Critical patent/CN203226027U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203226027U publication Critical patent/CN203226027U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an all-cleaning combined harvester for root and stem crops. The all-cleaning combined harvester comprises a rack, a seedling cutting shaft, a blade, a large gear, a variable speed drive shaft, a pinion, a first gearbox, an excavation plough shovel, a spindle, a second gearbox, a conveying chain, a conveying chain rotating shaft, a drive shaft and a collecting box. The rack is hung at the rear of a tractor, the seedling cutting shaft is installed in the front of the rack, the blade is mounted on the seedling cutting shaft, the seedling cutting shaft is connected with the first gearbox through a gear chain, the excavation plough shovel is fixedly connected to the middle of the rack at the back of the variable speed drive shaft and the seedling cutting shaft, the first gearbox is connected with the second gearbox through the spindle, the conveying chain which is low at the front end and high at the back end is connected between the conveying chain rotating shaft fixed at the rear of the excavation plough shovel on the rack and the drive shaft, the conveying chain is in drive connection with the second gearbox, intervals exist in the conveying chain, and the collecting box is installed at the rear of the rack. The all-cleaning combined harvester has the advantages of being complete in function, high in separating speed and low in production cost.

Description

Root crop results all clear unit mahine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the agricultural harvesting machinery field, is specifically related to rhizome, tuber crops reaping machine.
Background technology
Work such as the separating of the rice shoot that traditional potato, onion results rely on hand digging and cleaning and potato, onion always and coring and garlic, onion fruit, collection, but the amount of labour is big, inefficiency.The someone is for reducing labor intensity before this, increase work efficiency, the potato harvester of having invented, just with agricultural machinery drive break shovel or plough potato, onion are dug out from soil, and can not carry out separating and collecting of garlic seedling and coring and fruit, this work but accounts for more than 70% of whole harvesting work, and whole process must take a large amount of time and manpower.
The harvest time of potato generally about 15 days, and strong labour power manually to finish whole harvesting work every day of potato be 0.3 mu, gather in the crops ten mu and need hired laborer 5 people, must just can finish in 15 days.Employ price to be 150 yuan to 200 yuan for each person every day, each results season each household is paid 11250 yuan of employment costs (not comprising subsistence charge) at least, and peasant household can only turn round and look at manually for accelerating results speed more.The gross area of present national potato, onion is more than ten million mu.The Ministry of Agriculture greatly develops root crop productions such as potato, onion, Ipomoea batatas, garlic, peanut, is the effective way of China Agricultural Structure Adjustment and increasing peasant income.But China's tubers results are mainly by manual work at present, and labour intensity is big, operating efficiency is low, has greatly restricted the root crop production development, and the peasant presses for the mechanization operation and replaces artificial results.Existing reaping machine function singleness can only be finished excacation in the market, potato etc. can only be gone out clearly from soil.
The utility model content
The utility model is intended to overcome the defective of prior art, provides a kind of root crop multiple functional, that separating rate is high, production cost is low to gather in the crops all clear unit mahine.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
Root crop results all clear unit mahine, comprise frame, kill the seedling axle, blade, gear wheel, the speed change power transmission shaft, pinion, first gearbox, the grubber shovel, main shaft, second gearbox, the row's of transmission chain, the row's of transmission chain rotating shaft, power transmission shaft, collecting box, traction link, described frame is suspended on rear tractor, described frame front is equipped with seedling axle extremely, the described blade that helical arrangement is installed on the seedling axle that kills, described seedling axle one side end that kills is provided with gear wheel, the described frame place of receding that kills seedling axle top is provided with the speed change power transmission shaft, the same side of described speed change power transmission shaft and gear wheel is provided with pinion, described gear wheel is connected with pinion by chain, and described speed change power transmission shaft is connected with first gearbox; The described central rack that kills seedling axle rear side is connected with the grubber shovel, described first gearbox is connected with second gearbox by main shaft, fixedly there are the row's of transmission chain rotating shaft and power transmission shaft in the rear portion of grubber shovel on the described frame, be connected with low early and high after transmission row chain between described transmission row's chain rotating shaft and the power transmission shaft, described transmission row chain is in transmission connection by chain and second gearbox, described transmission row chain is provided with at interval, and described frame rear portion is equipped with collecting box.
Described seedling axle extremely is arranged on and kills in the seedling shaft-cup.
Described grubber shovel both sides are provided with the screw regulator of regulating height.
Described grubber shovel is two kinds of grafter and concavo-convex shovels, and the rectangular flat board of grafter, concavo-convex shovel are the rectangular flat of leading portion band point.
The described second gearbox left end is provided with gear.
Interval on the described transmission row chain is uniformly distributed in the middle part, and is rotated reciprocating motion under second gearbox drives.
The open top casing of described collecting box for replacing.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:
These novel results that are mainly used in the piece root crop (as potato, Ipomoea batatas, garlic, taro, onion, radish etc.) of planting in the medium clay(ey) loam.Multiple functional, that can finish the root tuber crops kills whole harvesting works such as seedling, excavation, clear soil, sorting, collection, has realized the combining effect of a tractor serves several purposes; Overcome the hilling phenomenon, strong to various soil suitabilities; The separating rate height, piece root crop damage ratio is little; Net harvesting rate reaches more than 98%.Remove from and excavate the work that root piece crop also need manually be picked up, can directly case, save many labours; The work efficiency height, cost is low.Really realized the mechanization production of conducts such as potato, onion, Ipomoea batatas, radish.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the utility model root crop results all clear unit mahine.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the utility model root crop results all clear unit mahine.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described, should be appreciated that preferred embodiment described herein only is used for description and interpretation the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, root crop results all clear unit mahine, frame 1, kill seedling axle 2, blade 3, gear wheel 4, speed change power transmission shaft 5, pinion 6, first gearbox 8, grubber shovel 9, main shaft 10, second gearbox 11, the row's of transmission chain 12, the row's of transmission chain rotating shaft 16, power transmission shaft 17, collecting box 13, traction link 18, this frame 1 is suspended on rear tractor, this frame 1 front portion is equipped with seedling axle 2 extremely, and described seedling axle 2 extremely is arranged on and kills in the seedling shaft-cup 14.At the blade 3 that kills seedling axle 1 installation helical arrangement, described seedling axle 2 one side ends that kill are provided with gear wheel 4, the described frame place of receding that kills seedling axle 2 tops is provided with speed change power transmission shaft 5, described speed change power transmission shaft 5 is provided with pinion 6 with the same side of gear wheel, described gear wheel 4 is connected with pinion 6 by chain 7, and described speed change power transmission shaft 5 is connected with first gearbox 8; The central rack of described transverse axis rear side is connected with evenly distributed grubber shovel 9.Described grubber shovels 9 both sides and is provided with the screw regulator of regulating height, to adapt to the requirement of different crops.Grubber shovel 9 is two kinds of grafter and concavo-convex shovels, and the rectangular flat board of grafter, concavo-convex shovel are the rectangular flat of leading portion band point.Described first gearbox 8 is connected with second gearbox 11 by main shaft 10, fixedly there are the row's of transmission chain rotating shaft 16 and power transmission shaft 17 in the rear portion of grubber shovel on the frame 1, be connected with low early and high after transmission row chain 12 between the row's of transmission chain rotating shaft 16 and the power transmission shaft 17, described second gearbox, 11 left ends are provided with gear, the row's of transmission chain 12 is in transmission connection by chain and second gearbox 11, described transmission row chain 12 is provided with at interval, interval on the row's of transmission chain is uniformly distributed in the middle part, and under second gearbox drives, being rotated reciprocating motion, the spacing of the row's of transmission chain is 6,4 or 2cm.Described frame 1 rear portion is equipped with collecting box 13, the open top casing of collecting box 13 for replacing, and there is collecting box bracing frame 15 in described collecting box 13 outsides.
This novel being suspended at 10-12 horsepowers of rear tractors, be traction power with the four-wheel tractor, arrive this all clear unit mahine through four-wheel tractor gearbox outputting power, main shaft links to each other with first gearbox, the speed change power transmission shaft links to each other with chain, chain reaches this machine and kills the seedling axle, blade rotation is rolled pulverizing with rice shoot, under the traction of four-wheel tractor, driving the grubber shovel through traction link travels forward fruit is dug out, drive the row's of transmission chain by the second gearbox left end gear through chain again, row chain rotating shaft and power transmission shaft, and drive spaced transmission row chain by row's chain rotating shaft terminal and shake up and down.The potato that digger blade excavates out (onion, Ipomoea batatas) is laid in and separates on row's chain, and on the ground below soil under the rotation of the row's of transmission chain drops on the row's of transmission chain, potato (onion, Ipomoea batatas) is dropped on above the row's of transmission chain, falls into collecting box after cleaning separation.
The utility model has designed replaceable transmission row chain, and the spacing of the row's of transmission chain is that 6CM, 4CM, three kinds of specifications of 2CM are to satisfy the results needs of the rhizome crop of different sizes.Can use the transmission of 6CM to arrange chain through crops such as test of many times results potato, ternip, Ipomoea batatas, gather in the crops crops such as onion, carrot and can transmit row's chain with 4CM, crops such as results garlic can be arranged chain with the 2CM transmission.Realized gathering in the crops the combining effect of a tractor serves several purposes of multiple rhizome crop.
The utility model important technological parameters:
Overall dimensions: (the wide * height of long *) 900*800*700(mm)
Work range: 600mm
Excavating depth: 150---250mm
Supporting power: 10---12 horsepowers of tractors
Productivity ratio: 0.5---1 mu/h
Complete machine weight: 75kg
Exposed potato rate: 〉=96%
Hinder the potato rate :≤1.5%
Broken skin rate :≤2%
The above only is explanation embodiment of the present utility model; be not limited to the utility model; for a person skilled in the art; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle; any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. root crop is gathered in the crops all clear unit mahine, comprise frame, kill the seedling axle, blade, gear wheel, the speed change power transmission shaft, pinion, first gearbox, the grubber shovel, main shaft, second gearbox, the row's of transmission chain, the row's of transmission chain rotating shaft, power transmission shaft, collecting box, traction link, it is characterized in that: described frame is suspended on rear tractor, described frame front is equipped with seedling axle extremely, the described blade that helical arrangement is installed on the seedling axle that kills, described seedling axle one side end that kills is provided with gear wheel, the described frame place of receding that kills seedling axle top is provided with the speed change power transmission shaft, the same side of described speed change power transmission shaft and gear wheel is provided with pinion, described gear wheel is connected with pinion by chain, and described speed change power transmission shaft is connected with first gearbox; The described central rack that kills seedling axle rear side is connected with the grubber shovel, described first gearbox is connected with second gearbox by main shaft, fixedly there are the row's of transmission chain rotating shaft and power transmission shaft in the rear portion of grubber shovel on the described frame, be connected with low early and high after transmission row chain between described transmission row's chain rotating shaft and the power transmission shaft, described transmission row chain is in transmission connection by chain and second gearbox, described transmission row chain is provided with at interval, and described frame rear portion is equipped with collecting box.
2. root crop as claimed in claim 1 is gathered in the crops all clear unit mahine, it is characterized in that: described seedling axle extremely is arranged on and kills in the seedling shaft-cup.
3. root crop as claimed in claim 1 is gathered in the crops all clear unit mahine, it is characterized in that: described grubber shovel both sides are provided with the screw regulator of regulating height.
4. root crop as claimed in claim 3 results all clear unit mahine is characterized in that: described grubber shovel is two kinds of grafter and concavo-convex shovels, and the rectangular flat board of grafter, concavo-convex shovel are the rectangular flat of leading portion band point.
5. root crop as claimed in claim 1 is gathered in the crops all clear unit mahine, and it is characterized in that: the described second gearbox left end is provided with gear.
6. root crop results all clear unit mahine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: in the middle part of the interval on the described transmission row chain is uniformly distributed in, and be rotated reciprocating motion under second gearbox drives.
7. root crop results all clear unit mahine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the open top casing of described collecting box for replacing.
CN 201320133975 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 All-cleaning combined harvester for root and stem crops Expired - Fee Related CN203226027U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320133975 CN203226027U (en) 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 All-cleaning combined harvester for root and stem crops

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320133975 CN203226027U (en) 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 All-cleaning combined harvester for root and stem crops

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203226027U true CN203226027U (en) 2013-10-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320133975 Expired - Fee Related CN203226027U (en) 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 All-cleaning combined harvester for root and stem crops

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105027801A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 刘文勋 Front seedling killing machine
CN106416576A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-02-22 安徽省农业科学院农业工程研究所 Water chestnut harvesting machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105027801A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 刘文勋 Front seedling killing machine
CN106416576A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-02-22 安徽省农业科学院农业工程研究所 Water chestnut harvesting machine
CN106416576B (en) * 2016-08-11 2019-06-11 安徽省农业科学院农业工程研究所 A kind of water chestnut harvester

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131009

Termination date: 20150322