CN217945148U - Large-scale automobile-used battery trades power station - Google Patents

Large-scale automobile-used battery trades power station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217945148U
CN217945148U CN202221405678.4U CN202221405678U CN217945148U CN 217945148 U CN217945148 U CN 217945148U CN 202221405678 U CN202221405678 U CN 202221405678U CN 217945148 U CN217945148 U CN 217945148U
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China
Prior art keywords
battery
locking
bracket
charging
vehicle
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CN202221405678.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾圣超
孙晓东
邱鹏
高春雨
吴晶
陈恒
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Jiangsu Huahao Ruineng Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Huahao Ruineng Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

The utility model relates to a large-scale vehicle battery replacement station, which is provided with a replacement room, a charging room, a battery transportation mechanism and a battery transfer machine; the battery transportation mechanism is arranged between the battery replacing chamber and the charging chamber and can move between the battery replacing chamber and the charging chamber; the battery transfer machine is arranged on the battery transportation mechanism; the battery replacement room is provided with a distance measurement sensor; the battery cabin bracket of the charging chamber is provided with a plurality of charging positions, each charging position is provided with a rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism, and a charging socket connected with a charger is arranged corresponding to the position of the rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism. The utility model discloses can solve and currently fill and trade the electric power that the power station exists and experience poorly, can make things convenient for the change of quick completion electric automobile battery package for electric automobile need not wait for charging, has practiced thrift the time, has improved work efficiency, has realized full-automatic work flow, and rationally distributed compactness, the security is high.

Description

Large-scale automobile-used battery trades power station
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a fill and trade electric technical field, in particular to large-scale automobile-used battery trades power station.
Background
With the popularization of new energy automobiles, electric automobiles drive wheels to run by using a motor as power by using a vehicle-mounted power supply. The battery is an indispensable important component of the electric automobile, provides kinetic energy for the electric automobile, and how to effectively provide quick and effective energy supply for the automobile with insufficient energy becomes a concern for automobile owners and various mass manufacturers. The current mainstream power replenishment schemes include a charging scheme and a battery replacement scheme. The charging scheme is slow in charging and long in time consumption, is not beneficial to use by remote personnel, and cannot determine where a charging pile is located in the long-distance process; the battery replacement scheme can complete replacement of the power battery in a short time, and has no obvious influence on the service life of the power battery, so that the method is one of the main development directions of electric energy supply. The battery replacement scheme is generally completed in a battery charging and replacing station, in which a battery rack and a battery replacing platform for storing batteries and a battery replacing robot, such as an RGV track guided vehicle or an AGV automatic guided vehicle, for carrying full/insufficient electric power batteries between the battery rack and the battery replacing platform are arranged, so as to complete the replacement of the batteries.
In addition, before the battery pack is taken out from the vehicle and the battery pack is taken out from a charging rack of a charging bin, the battery pack is required to be unlocked firstly by the electric vehicle and the battery rack, and then the battery pack is taken out.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at overcoming the defect that prior art exists, providing one kind and can solve to have the current electric experience of trading that fills the power station existence poor, can make things convenient for the change of quick completion electric automobile battery package for electric automobile need not wait for to charge, the time of having practiced thrift, has improved work efficiency's large-scale automobile-used battery and has traded the power station.
Realize the utility model discloses the technical scheme of purpose is: a large-scale vehicle battery replacement station comprises a replacement room, a charging room, a battery transportation mechanism and a battery transfer machine; the battery transportation mechanism is arranged between the battery replacing chamber and the charging chamber; the battery transfer machine is arranged on the battery transportation mechanism; the battery replacement room is provided with a distance measuring sensor; the battery cabin bracket of the charging chamber is provided with a plurality of charging positions, each charging position is provided with a rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism, and a charging socket connected with a charger is arranged corresponding to the position of the rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism.
The rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism in the technical scheme comprises a guiding and limiting frame and a roller carrier; guide rollers are arranged on two sides of the guide limiting frame; the roller carrier is arranged on the inner side of the guide limiting frame and is lower than the guide limiting frame, and a charging socket is arranged in the middle of the roller carrier; the floating base of the charging socket is arranged on the battery bin support through a base lifting mechanism.
In the technical scheme, the charging socket is provided with a battery replacing connector arranged on the floating plate; the floating plate is connected to the floating base through a connecting column and an elastic part sleeved on the connecting column.
The technical scheme is also provided with a liquid cooling mechanism; the liquid cooling mechanism comprises an expansion water tank and a water cooling assembly; the expansion water tank is arranged on the battery compartment bracket through a water tank bracket, and the expansion water tank is connected to the water quick-change connecting device through a water cooling assembly; and the water cooling assembly is arranged on the battery compartment support through the liquid cooling unit support.
According to the technical scheme, the water quick-change connecting device is installed on the floating plate through the waterway installing plate and consists of a straight-through quick-plug connector and a water quick-change connector; and a water quick-change battery end connector matched with the water quick-change connecting device is arranged on the high-voltage box on the battery bottom frame of the battery pack.
According to the technical scheme, the base lifting mechanism comprises a driving assembly, a lifting guide rail, a lifting connecting piece and a lifting guide rail battery bin support; the lifting connecting piece is connected with the floating base and is arranged on a lifting guide rail fixed on the lifting guide rail battery compartment bracket in a sliding manner; the driving assembly drives the floating base to move up and down; the lifting guide rail battery compartment bracket is arranged on the battery compartment bracket.
The technical scheme is also provided with a locking mechanism; the locking mechanism is arranged on the rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism; the locking mechanism comprises a locking driving assembly, a locking sensor bracket, a guide groove pipe and a stop pin; the locking driving assembly is mounted on the battery bin bracket through a locking driving assembly mounting bracket, and an execution end of the locking driving assembly is connected with the stop pin; the stop pin penetrates through the guide groove pipe; the locking sensor support is arranged on the locking driving component mounting support, and a locking sensor is arranged on the locking sensor support.
The charging position in the technical scheme at least has one vacant position.
According to the technical scheme, the battery transportation mechanism is arranged on an X-direction moving guide rail fixed on the ground in a sliding manner, and a Y-direction moving guide rail is arranged above the battery transportation mechanism; the battery transfer machine is arranged on the Y-direction moving guide rail in a sliding mode.
According to the technical scheme, the battery compartment support is connected with the wire slot through the wire slot battery compartment support.
According to the technical scheme, a battery quick locking bracket for locking a battery pack is mounted on the vehicle; the battery quick locking bracket is provided with a bracket body, a bracket roller frame, a vehicle connecting socket, a jacking mechanism and a bracket locking mechanism, wherein the bracket roller frame, the vehicle connecting socket, the jacking mechanism and the bracket locking mechanism are arranged on the bracket body; the jacking mechanism is connected with the driver, the execution end of the jacking mechanism is connected with the lower end of the bracket roller frame, and the jacking distance of the jacking mechanism is greater than the distance from the bottom surface of the battery pack to the upper end surface of the locking slotted hole; the locking rod of the bracket locking mechanism is connected with a locking driver; the locking rod penetrates through the side walls of the battery guide columns on the two sides of the corresponding battery pack on the bracket body; the locking rod is provided with a lock pin; the lock pins and the locking slotted holes at the upper end of the side wall of the bracket body are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner; the vehicle connecting socket is matched with a high-voltage socket below the battery pack.
The vehicle connecting socket comprises a mounting seat and a needle plate; the needle plate is connected with the mounting seat through a movable guide post and a spring sleeved on the movable guide post; the lower end of the movable guide post is in a screw rod shape and is in threaded connection with a nut.
After the technical scheme is adopted, the utility model discloses following positive effect has:
(1) The utility model discloses can solve and fill that to trade the electric power that the power station exists and experience poorly, move through battery transport mechanism and battery and carry the machine to cooperate, realize taking out and placing the charging potential of insufficient battery package to and on taking out and placing the vehicle of full electric battery package, can make things convenient for the change of quick completion electric automobile battery package, make electric automobile need not wait for to charge, the time of having practiced thrift, improved work efficiency, realized full-automatic work flow, rationally distributed compactness, the security is high.
(2) The utility model discloses can increase and decrease the quantity of charging frame according to the in-service use demand, the practicality is strong, and for guaranteeing to trade the electricity at every turn and go on smoothly, must guarantee that the charging position has a vacancy at least, trades the electricity in-process, and the dismantlement of on-vehicle battery package is transported to the vacancy now, takes out a new full electric battery package again and changes.
(3) The utility model discloses a locking mechanism sets up on rechargeable battery direction stop gear, and rechargeable battery direction stop gear can realize realizing the direction and the spacing effect to the battery package, realizes locking convenient and fast after the battery package is put well simultaneously, avoids unexpected the fall etc..
(4) The utility model discloses a realize detecting the action of lifting better, be provided with the lift sensor of installing on lifting the sensor support on base lifting mechanism, can monitor current base lifting mechanism's state through lift sensor and rise or descend.
(5) The utility model discloses a liquid cooling mechanism's straight-through quick connector and water quick change connector advance one by one, realize the liquid cooling circulation to the battery package.
(6) The utility model discloses a climbing mechanism makes the battery package break away from the bracket body and supports, and the gyro wheel frame atress, battery package can move on the gyro wheel frame and realize that the battery package is pulled out or the immigration under the roll of gyro wheel, and is swift convenient, and difficult bumping.
Drawings
In order that the present invention may be more readily and clearly understood, the following detailed description of the present invention is given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the three-dimensional structure of the present invention with the frame of the house removed;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the guiding and limiting mechanism for a rechargeable battery of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the floating base of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a perspective view of the floating base of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the battery transportation mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a perspective view of the base lifting mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic view of the locking mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a battery bottom frame according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a top view of the present invention with the frame of the building removed;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of embodiment 7 of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is an enlarged view of FIG. 11 at A;
fig. 13 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a vehicle connection socket according to the present invention;
fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of embodiment 8 of the present invention.
The labels in the figures are: the vehicle comprises a vehicle 000, a battery changing chamber 100, a charging chamber 200, a battery compartment bracket 210, a wire duct battery compartment bracket 211, a wire duct 212, a charging battery guide limiting mechanism 220, a guide limiting frame 221, a roller frame 222, a guide roller 223, a charging socket 230, a floating base 231, a floating plate 232, a battery changing connector 233, a connecting column 234, an elastic member 235, a guide sleeve 236, a charger 240, an electric control box 250, a station control box 260, an expansion tank 270, a water tank bracket 271, a water cooling assembly 272, a water quick-change connector 273, a through quick-connect connector 274, a water quick-change connector 275, a base lifting mechanism 280, a driving assembly 281, a lifting guide rail 282, a lifting connector 283, a lifting guide rail battery compartment bracket 284, a locking mechanism 290, a locking driving assembly 291, a locking sensor bracket 292, a guide groove tube 293, a stop pin 294, a locking driving assembly mounting bracket 295, a locking sensor 296, a battery transportation mechanism 300, an X-direction moving guide rail 310, a Y-direction moving guide rail 320, a battery transfer machine 400, a battery pack 500, a battery bottom frame 510, a high-pressure box 520, a water connector mounting bracket 522, a locking sensor plug 522, a locking sensor holder mounting bracket 900, a locking roller holder 900, a battery quick-change connector bracket 900, a vehicle air conditioner bracket 700, a vehicle air conditioner bracket 900, a vehicle air conditioner bracket 500, a vehicle air conditioner bracket 700, a vehicle air conditioner bracket 500, a vehicle air conditioner guide rail.
Detailed Description
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 to 7 and fig. 10, the present invention is a large-scale vehicle battery replacing station, which comprises a replacing room 100, a charging room 200, a battery transporting mechanism 300 and a battery transferring machine 400; the battery transportation mechanism 300 is arranged at the position of a door of a rolling door of the charging room 200, and can move between the battery replacement room 100 and the charging room 200, and the rolling door can be controlled to open and close through a rolling door control box; the battery transfer machine 400 is installed on the battery transportation mechanism 300, and the battery transfer machine 400 can be a chain slat conveyor; a plurality of distance measuring sensors 600 are arranged at the edge of the lane of the battery changing room 100; a plurality of charging potentials are arranged on a battery bin support 210 of a charging room 200, each charging potential is provided with a charging battery guiding and limiting mechanism 220, a charging socket 230 which can be connected with a charger 240 is installed at a position corresponding to the charging battery guiding and limiting mechanism 220, a station control box 260 and an electric control box 250 for controlling the electricity consumption of the whole power station are arranged in the charging room 200, and in order to ensure that the electricity replacement is carried out smoothly each time, at least one vacancy is required to be ensured in the electricity replacement process, a vehicle-mounted battery pack is detached and transported to the vacancy, and a new full-electricity battery pack is taken out for replacement; the battery compartment bracket 210 is connected with the wire slot 212 through the wire slot battery compartment bracket 211, so that the clarity and tidiness of wiring are ensured.
In order to better meet the monitoring requirement, a battery in-place sensor and a battery removal sensor are correspondingly arranged at two ends of the rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism 220, and the purpose is to monitor whether a battery pack exists at each charging position, namely, whether the battery pack is currently empty or full, so that when the battery pack 500 is taken and placed conveniently, the battery transportation mechanism 300 can accurately reach the corresponding charging position, and on the other hand, whether the battery is in place or moved out can also be monitored.
In order to meet the error of the parking position of the vehicle 000, the battery transportation mechanism 300 is required to be arranged on an X-direction moving guide rail 310 fixed on the ground in a sliding way, and a Y-direction moving guide rail 320 is arranged above the battery transportation mechanism 300; the battery transfer machine 400 is slidably disposed on the Y-direction moving guide rail 320, and according to actual use requirements, a lifting mechanism can be added on the battery transportation mechanism 300 to achieve taking and placing of the battery pack 500 when the battery compartment supports 210 are arranged in multiple layers, and if the battery pack 500 is arranged in a single layer, the lifting mechanism is not needed.
Referring to fig. 9, the battery pack 500 in the present embodiment includes a battery bottom frame 510, a high voltage cartridge 520, and a plurality of battery cases 530, wherein the battery cases 530 may be stacked, and the high voltage cartridge 520 is fixedly mounted on the battery bottom frame 510; the high voltage box 520 includes a connector mounting box 521 and a high voltage socket 523; the high voltage socket 523 is mounted on the connector mounting case 521 and is disposed corresponding to the charging socket 230, the battery bottom frame 510 is further provided at a side thereof with a plurality of battery guide posts 540, the battery guide posts 540 are disposed corresponding to a battery locking mechanism on the vehicle 000 for positioning the battery pack 500 on the vehicle 000, and the bolting operation is omitted, wherein the battery bottom frame 510 is a frame body composed of a bottom frame cross member, a bottom frame longitudinal member, a bottom frame upright member, and a bottom frame plate.
When the vehicle-mounted intelligent power-changing system is used, the vehicle 000 runs to a lane of the power-changing room 100, the distance measuring sensor 600 detects whether the current vehicle 000 to be power-changed stops in a specified power-changing area, and if yes, the vehicle-mounted intelligent power-changing system makes a sound or is lighted; at this time, the battery transport mechanism 300 moves on the X-direction moving rail 310 to a position corresponding to the battery pack on the vehicle 000, the battery transfer unit 400 moves on the Y-direction moving rail 320, extends below the insufficient battery pack on the vehicle 000, the insufficient battery pack is unlocked in advance or when the battery transfer unit 400 extends below, the battery transfer unit 400 is started to transfer the battery pack on the vehicle 000 to the upper side of the battery transfer unit 400, the battery transfer unit 400 moves on the Y-direction moving rail 320 to be retracted and stop the operation of the battery transfer unit 400, then the battery transport mechanism 300 moves on the X-direction moving rail 310 to the empty charge potential of the corresponding battery compartment holder 210, the battery transfer unit 400 moves on the Y-direction moving rail 320, extends to the empty charge potential of the battery compartment holder 210, the operation of the battery transfer unit 400 is restarted, the battery pack on the vehicle 000 is retracted into the empty charge potential of the battery compartment holder 210, the battery transfer unit 400 moves on the Y-direction moving rail 320 to stop the operation of the battery transfer unit 400, and the operation of the battery transfer unit 400 is completed.
The battery transport mechanism 300 moves on the X-direction moving rail 310 to the charging position of the fully charged battery pack of the battery compartment support 210, the battery transfer machine 400 moves on the Y-direction moving rail 320 to the position below the fully charged battery pack, the battery transfer machine 400 is started to transfer the fully charged battery pack onto the battery transfer machine 400, the battery transfer machine 400 moves on the Y-direction moving rail 320 to be retracted, the battery transport mechanism 300 moves on the X-direction moving rail 310 to the position corresponding to the battery pack on the vehicle 000, the battery transfer machine 400 is started again to move on the Y-direction moving rail 320 to transfer the fully charged battery pack to the position of the battery pack on the vehicle 000, the battery pack locking mechanism is started to position, the battery transfer machine 400 moves on the Y-direction moving rail 320 to be retracted and stops the operation of the battery transfer machine 400, and the battery pack loading is completed.
Example 2
This example is substantially similar to example 1, except that: the rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism 220 comprises a guiding and limiting frame 221 and a roller frame 222; guide rollers 223 are installed on two sides of the guide limit frame 221, and are used for limiting and guiding two sides of the battery pack; the roller frame 222 is installed inside the guiding limit frame 221 and is lower than the guiding limit frame 221, and a charging socket 230 is arranged in the middle of the roller frame 222; the floating base 231 of the charging socket 230 is mounted on the battery bin support 210 through the base lifting mechanism 280, the battery pack can be smoothly pushed or pulled out due to the arrangement of the roller carrier 222, the friction force during movement is reduced, meanwhile, the charging socket 230 is plugged and pulled through the lifting of the base lifting mechanism 280, when the battery pack needs to be moved or the current charging potential is vacant, the charging socket 230 is far away from the battery pack and is in a pulled state, and when the battery pack needs to be charged, the base lifting mechanism 280 is lifted, so that the charging socket 230 and the battery pack are plugged and charged.
The base lifting mechanism 280 in this embodiment includes a drive assembly 281, a lifting rail 282, a lifting link 283, and a lifting rail battery compartment bracket 284; the lift connectors 283 are attached to the floating mount 231 and slidably disposed on the lift rails 282 attached to the lift rail battery compartment bracket 284; the driving assembly 281 drives the floating base 231 to move up and down; the lift rail battery compartment bracket 284 mounts to the battery compartment bracket 210. In order to better detect the lifting action, a lifting sensor mounted on a lifting sensor bracket is disposed on the base lifting mechanism 280, and the lifting sensor can monitor whether the current state of the base lifting mechanism 280 is lifted or lowered.
The base lifting mechanism 280 in this embodiment may also be a combination of a rack and pinion or a worm and gear to achieve the lifting purpose.
Example 3
This example is substantially similar to example 2, except that: the charging socket 230 has a charging connector 233 attached to a floating plate 232; the floating plate 232 is connected to the floating mount 231 through an attachment column 234 and a resilient member 235 that is sleeved on the attachment column 234. In order to make the floating base more stable and avoid excessive floating, a guide sleeve 236 is arranged below the through hole penetrating the connecting column 234 corresponding to the floating plate 232; guide sleeve 236 is mounted on floating plate 232; the upper end of the elastic member 235 abuts against the lower end surface of the guide sleeve 236 or extends into the guide sleeve 236. When the battery pack is butted with the charging socket 230, a floating space is formed, and the problem that the battery pack cannot be quickly butted to cause damage to a socket or a socket when the battery pack is slightly deviated from the charging socket 230 is avoided.
Example 4
This example is substantially similar to example 1, except that: in order to reduce the dangerous situation caused by overhigh temperature during charging, a liquid cooling mechanism is added; the liquid cooling mechanism comprises an expansion water tank 270 and a water cooling component 272; the expansion water tank 270 is mounted on the battery compartment bracket 210 through a water tank bracket 271, and the expansion water tank 270 is connected to a water quick-change connector 273 through a water cooling assembly 272; the water-cooling component 272 is mounted on the battery compartment bracket 210 through a liquid-cooling unit bracket; the water quick-change connector 273 is mounted on the floating plate 232 through the waterway mounting plate 276, the water quick-change connector 273 consists of a through quick-plug connector 274 and a water quick-change connector 275, a water quick-change battery end connector 522 is additionally arranged on the high-pressure box 520, the water quick-change battery end connector 522 is simultaneously connected with the through quick-plug connector 274 and the water quick-change connector 275, the through quick-plug connector 274 and the water quick-change connector 275 are arranged in one inlet and in one outlet and are communicated with each other at the position of the water quick-change battery end connector 522, so that the liquid cooling circulation of the battery pack is realized, the water quick-change battery end connector 522 can also be communicated with a coil arranged at the bottom or around the battery pack 500 or a cooling coil arranged around the connecting position of the battery pack 500 and the charging socket 230, and the charging position is cooled.
Example 5
Referring to fig. 8, to ensure the stability of the battery pack, a locking mechanism 290 is further provided; the locking mechanism 290 is mounted on the rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism 220, and the locking mechanism 290 comprises a locking driving assembly 291, a locking sensor bracket 292, a guiding groove pipe 293 and a stop pin 294; locking drive assembly 291 is mounted on battery compartment support 210 through locking drive assembly mounting support 295, the actuating end of locking drive assembly 291 is connected with stop pin 294, stop pin 294 is arranged to penetrate through guide groove pipe 293, locking sensor support 292 is mounted on locking drive assembly mounting support 295, locking sensor 296 is mounted on locking drive assembly mounting support, a guide groove is formed in guide groove pipe 293 and used for positioning and guiding a battery pack, and locking of stop pin 294 is facilitated smoothly during locking.
In order to meet the use requirements of high-temperature occasions, particularly in summer, an air conditioner internal unit 700 is required to be arranged in the charging room 200, and an air conditioner external unit 800 is arranged outside the charging room 200, so that the temperature of the charging room 200 is reduced, and the danger of battery explosion and the like caused by overhigh temperature is avoided.
The battery compartment bracket 210 in the above embodiments 1 to 5 is a stable and firm support frame composed of an inclined rib, a vertical column, a short inclined strut and a horizontal tube.
Example 6
In order to meet the convenience and rapidness of replacing the battery of the vehicle, a battery quick locking bracket 900 is arranged on the vehicle 000 and is used for omitting the process of dismounting the battery pack 500 from the vehicle 000, and the battery quick locking bracket 900 is provided with a bracket body 910, and a bracket roller frame 920, a vehicle connecting socket 930, a jacking mechanism 940 and a bracket locking mechanism 950 which are arranged on the bracket body 910; the jacking mechanism 940 is connected with the driver, the execution end of the jacking mechanism 940 is connected with the lower end of the bracket roller frame 920, and the jacking distance of the jacking mechanism 940 is greater than the distance from the bottom surface of the battery pack 500 to the upper end surface of the locking slot hole 960; the locking lever of the bracket locking mechanism 950 is connected to the locking drive; the locking rod penetrates through the side walls of the battery guide posts 540 on the bracket body 910 corresponding to the two sides of the battery pack 500; the locking pins are arranged on the locking rods and are in one-to-one correspondence with the locking slot holes 960 at the upper end of the side wall of the bracket body 910; the vehicle connection socket 930 is matched with the high-voltage socket 523 below the battery pack 500, and since the lock pins on the same side are all installed on one lock lever, the locking and unlocking operations of the lock slots 960 can be realized only by driving the lock lever.
Referring to fig. 12 and 13, the vehicle connection socket 930 is a floating type charging socket that includes a mounting seat 931 and pin plates 932; the needle plate 932 is connected with the mounting seat 931 through a movable guide post 933 and a spring 934 sleeved on the movable guide post 933; the lower end of the movable guide post 933 is in a screw shape and is in threaded connection with a nut; one end of the spring 934 abuts against the mounting seat 931, and the other end of the spring extends into the groove hole of the needle plate 932 with the section in the shape of a Chinese character 'tu', and abuts against the step surface of the inner cavity of the groove hole. In actual use, when battery pack 500 is mated with vehicle connection socket 930, downward pressure is applied to vehicle connection socket 930, and at this time, the gap between movable guide 933 and spring 934 may allow pin plate 932 to float slightly, which facilitates mating battery pack 500 with vehicle connection socket 930.
Example 7
Referring to fig. 11, this embodiment is substantially similar to embodiment 7 except that: the jacking mechanism 940 is a jacking driving cylinder, and the bracket body 910 consists of a main beam 911 and a bottom rib 912; two rows of jacking driving cylinders arranged in parallel are arranged on the bottom rib 912; the execution end of each jacking driving cylinder is connected with the lower end of the bracket roller carrier 920, the jacking driving cylinders are connected with the driver through pipelines, and a guide sleeve is arranged between the bracket roller carrier 920 and the execution end of each jacking driving cylinder, so that the guide function is achieved, and the execution ends of the jacking driving cylinders can perform smooth action; in normal use, the lifting distance of the lifting driving cylinder is greater than the distance from the bottom surface of the battery pack 500 to the upper end of the locking slot 960 corresponding to the bracket locking mechanism 950.
Wherein the carrier roller frame 920 comprises a frame beam, a wheel mounting frame and a plurality of carrier rollers; the wheel mounting frames are symmetrically arranged and are respectively and vertically connected with two ends of the wheel carrier beam; the carrier roller is connected to the wheel mounting bracket by a rotation pin.
Because the gravity of the battery pack 500 is mainly borne on the main beam 911 during normal use, only hoisting or dragging can be adopted at the moment, the dragging is easy to wear and has large friction force, a carrier roller frame 920 is adopted, and the carrier roller frame 920 comprises a frame beam, a wheel mounting frame and a plurality of carrier rollers; the wheel mounting frames are symmetrically arranged and are respectively and vertically connected with two ends of the wheel carrier beam; the bracket roller is connected to the wheel mounting bracket through a rotating pin, and when the battery pack 500 is used, the battery pack can be removed by rolling the roller.
The locking lever of the carriage locking mechanism 950 is connected to the locking drive; the locking driver is connected with the driver through a pipeline, when the locking driver needs to be opened, the driver controls the locking rod of the bracket locking mechanism 950 to be opened through the pipeline, and the bracket locking mechanism 950 is mainly in a locking state during normal use, so the bracket locking mechanism 950 is designed to be in the locking state normally, and is pulled open through the driver during unlocking, and only a reset part, such as a spring, a tension spring and the like, needs to be added on the locking rod to realize the locking operation, and in addition, the jacking mechanism 940 and the bracket locking mechanism 950 can be linked, namely, the driver is shared, because the jacking mechanism 940 needs to be in a jacking state when the battery pack 500 is loaded or unloaded, and the bracket locking mechanism 950 also needs to be in an opening state at the moment.
Example 8
Referring to fig. 14, this embodiment is substantially similar to embodiment 7 except that: the jacking mechanism 940 is an air bag, and the upper surface of the bottom rib 912 is provided with a plurality of jacking air bags; the bracket roller frame 920 is arranged on the jacking air bag, the jacking distance of the jacking air bag is greater than the distance from the bottom surface of the battery pack 500 to the upper end of a locking slotted hole 960 corresponding to the bracket locking mechanism 950, and the battery pack 500 can be supported and moved by the bracket roller when being separated from the main beam 911; when needing to be changed, through aerifing the jacking gasbag jacking, battery package 500 breaks away from girder 911 and supports, and bracket gyro wheel frame 920 atress only needs to drag battery package 500, and battery package 500 is pulled out under the roll of bracket gyro wheel, and is swift convenient, and difficult the emergence is collided. In order to make the jacking more stable, the bracket roller carrier 920 is connected with the bottom rib 912 through a guide device, so that the offset in the horizontal direction is reduced, and in order to make the structural design more reasonable, the section of the main frame body of the bracket roller carrier 920 is rectangular wave-shaped; the wheel mounting frame is arranged at the wave trough position of the main frame body; the jacking air bag is arranged between the wave crest position of the main frame body and the bottom rib 912.
In embodiment 7 and embodiment 8, the left side of girder 911 is equipped with main stopper, and the blotter is attached to the one side that main stopper and battery box contact, and the outer lane side of bracket gyro wheel frame 920 is equipped with the limiting plate, and its purpose is in order to spacing the location better, and the atress of striking is reduced in the setting of blotter.
The above-mentioned embodiments, further detailed description of the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention, it should be understood that the above-mentioned embodiments are only specific embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A large-scale vehicle battery replacement station is provided with a replacement room (100), a charging room (200), a battery transportation mechanism (300), a battery transfer machine (400) and a battery pack (500); the battery transportation mechanism (300) is arranged between the battery replacement room (100) and the charging room (200); the battery transfer machine (400) is arranged on the battery transportation mechanism (300); the method is characterized in that: a distance measuring sensor (600) is arranged at a lane position of the battery changing room (100) for parking a vehicle (000); the battery compartment support (210) of charging chamber (200) is last to have a plurality of charging positions, all has rechargeable battery direction stop gear (220) on every charging position, and every charging position all links to each other with liquid cooling mechanism, corresponds rechargeable battery direction stop gear (220) position and installs charging socket (230) that link to each other with machine (240) that charges.
2. The large vehicle battery replacing station as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism (220) comprises a guiding and limiting frame (221) and a roller frame (222); guide rollers (223) are arranged on two sides of the guide limit frame (221); the roller frame (222) is arranged on the inner side of the guide limiting frame (221) and is lower than the guide limiting frame (221), and a charging socket (230) is arranged in the middle of the roller frame (222); the floating base (231) of the charging socket (230) is mounted on the battery compartment support (210) by a base lifting mechanism (280).
3. The large vehicle battery replacement station according to claim 2, wherein: the charging socket (230) is provided with a battery replacement connector (233) arranged on the floating plate (232); the floating plate (232) is connected to the floating base (231) through the connecting column (234) and the elastic piece (235) sleeved on the connecting column (234).
4. The large vehicle battery replacing station according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: the liquid cooling mechanism comprises an expansion water tank (270) and a water cooling component (272); the expansion water tank (270) is mounted on the battery compartment support (210) through a water tank support (271), and the expansion water tank (270) is connected to the water quick-change connecting device (273) through a water cooling assembly (272); the water cooling assembly (272) is installed on the battery compartment support (210) through the liquid cooling unit support.
5. The large vehicle battery replacement station according to claim 4, wherein: the water quick-change connector (273) is mounted on the floating plate (232) through a waterway mounting plate (276), and the water quick-change connector (273) consists of a straight-through quick-plug connector (274) and a water quick-change connector (275); and a water quick-change battery end connector (522) matched with the water quick-change connector (273) is mounted on a high-voltage box (520) on a battery bottom frame (510) of the battery pack (500).
6. The large vehicle battery replacement station according to claim 2 or 3, wherein: the base lifting mechanism (280) comprises a driving assembly (281), a lifting guide rail (282), a lifting connector (283) and a lifting guide rail battery bin bracket (284); the lifting connecting piece is connected with the floating base (231) and is arranged on a lifting guide rail (282) fixed on a lifting guide rail battery compartment bracket (284) in a sliding manner; the driving component (281) drives the floating base (231) to move up and down; the lifting guide rail battery compartment support (284) is arranged on the battery compartment support (210).
7. The large vehicle battery replacement station according to claim 2 or 3, wherein: a locking mechanism (290); the locking mechanism (290) is arranged on the rechargeable battery guiding and limiting mechanism (220); the locking mechanism (290) comprises a locking driving assembly (291), a locking sensor bracket (292), a guide groove pipe (293) and a stop pin (294); the locking driving assembly (291) is mounted on the battery bin bracket (210) through a locking driving assembly mounting bracket (295), and an execution end of the locking driving assembly (291) is connected with the stop pin (294); the stop pin (294) penetrates through the guide groove pipe (293); the locking sensor bracket (292) is arranged on the locking driving component mounting bracket (295), and a locking sensor (296) is arranged on the locking sensor bracket.
8. The large vehicle battery replacement station according to claim 1, wherein: the battery transportation mechanism (300) is arranged on an X-direction moving guide rail (310) fixed on the ground in a sliding manner, and a Y-direction moving guide rail (320) is arranged above the battery transportation mechanism (300); the battery transfer machine (400) is slidably disposed on the Y-direction moving guide rail (320).
9. The large vehicle battery replacing station according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: a battery quick locking bracket (900) used for locking a battery pack (500) is installed on the vehicle (000); the battery quick locking bracket (900) is provided with a bracket body (910), a bracket roller frame (920), a vehicle connecting socket (930), a jacking mechanism (940) and a bracket locking mechanism (950), wherein the bracket roller frame (920), the vehicle connecting socket (930), the jacking mechanism (940) and the bracket locking mechanism (950) are arranged on the bracket body (910); the jacking mechanism (940) is connected with the driver, the execution end of the jacking mechanism is connected with the lower end of the bracket roller frame (920), and the jacking distance of the jacking mechanism (940) is greater than the distance from the bottom surface of the battery pack (500) to the upper end surface of the locking slotted hole (960); the locking lever of the carriage locking mechanism (950) is connected to a locking drive; the locking rod penetrates through the side walls of the battery guide columns (540) on the bracket body (910) corresponding to the two sides of the battery pack (500), and a locking pin is arranged on the locking rod; the lock pins are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence with the locking slotted holes (960) at the upper end of the side wall of the bracket body (910); the vehicle connection socket (930) is matched with a high-voltage socket (523) below the battery pack (500).
10. The large vehicle battery replacing station as claimed in claim 9, wherein: the vehicle connection socket (930) includes a mounting seat (931) and a pin plate (932); the needle plate (932) is connected with the mounting seat (931) through a movable guide post (933) and a spring (934) sleeved on the movable guide post (933); the lower end of the movable guide post (933) is in a screw rod shape and is in threaded connection with a nut.
CN202221405678.4U 2022-03-07 2022-06-07 Large-scale automobile-used battery trades power station Active CN217945148U (en)

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CN202210216379.4A CN114274836A (en) 2022-03-07 2022-03-07 Large-scale automobile-used battery trades power station

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CN116945960B (en) * 2023-09-20 2023-11-21 江苏行运兔科技有限公司 Anti-collision battery-changing cabinet and operation method thereof

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