CN206254812U - The small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile - Google Patents

The small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206254812U
CN206254812U CN201620654048.9U CN201620654048U CN206254812U CN 206254812 U CN206254812 U CN 206254812U CN 201620654048 U CN201620654048 U CN 201620654048U CN 206254812 U CN206254812 U CN 206254812U
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China
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electric
charging
changing
battery
electric automobile
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CN201620654048.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵志凌
沈斐
侯文洁
朱浩
赖建文
何旭
林海岩
李楠
丁习坤
田小涛
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NIO Anhui Holding Co Ltd
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NOI Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries

Abstract

The utility model belongs to electric automobile charging and conversion electric technical field, and in particular to a kind of small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile.The utility model aims to solve the problem that existing electrical changing station floor space is big, and the degree of modularity is low, is unfavorable for safeguarding, and once builds up, and scale cannot be in the problem of change.For this purpose, the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile that this practicality is newly provided includes changing level platform, charging platform, changing electric system and control system, wherein, level platform, the charging platform and the electric system of changing of changing is connected with the control system respectively, it is characterized in that, the battery changing trolley for changing electric system can change free shuttling between level platform and the charging platform described, and battery can be directly taken out from the charging rack of charging platform and the battery that will change directly is put back on the charging rack.The technical solution of the utility model floor space is small, can flexibly be arranged on the environment of the Surface parking lots, underground and other various suitable parkings in existing city.

Description

The small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile
Technical field
The utility model belongs to electric automobile charging and conversion electric technical field, and in particular to a kind of small-sized automatic the filling of electric automobile is changed Power station.
Background technology
With the popularization of electric automobile, how timely and effectively for the electric automobile of not enough power supply provide electric energy supply into For the problem that manufacturer and car owner pay special attention to.Mainstream solution is to use charge mode on Vehicles Collected from Market, is matched somebody with somebody on parking stall Put AC trickle charges stake or DC fills stake soon.But trickle charge pattern needs one parking stall of occupancy for a long time to be charged, and fast mold filling formula Charging current is big, is ten times even tens times of normal charge electric current, can reduce the cycle life of power battery pack, and charging one As be not up to fully charged state.And electrical changing station uses dynamic battery changing pattern, directly with fully charged battery replacing energy The battery pack for exhausting, completes electric energy supply within the time of minute level, thus is a kind of very efficient electric energy arbitrary way.
But, often floor space is big, it is necessary to civil engineering for existing electrical changing station, and the degree of modularity is low, is unfavorable for safeguarding, and once Build up, scale cannot change again.For underground parking scene, due to highly extremely limited, existing electrical changing station cannot be set up, and Especially central area and major commercial circles are all main parking modes in city for underground parking.
Therefore, this area needs a kind of miniaturization, the electrical changing station that can quickly put into operation is accounting for of solving that above-mentioned electrical changing station is present The problems such as ground area is big, once the scale of building up cannot change.
Utility model content
In order to solve above mentioned problem of the prior art, the existing electrical changing station floor space of solution has been greatly, modularization journey Degree it is low, be unfavorable for safeguard, and once build up scale cannot change problem, the utility model provide a kind of electric automobile it is small The automatic electric charging station of type.The small-sized automatic electric charging station of the electric automobile includes changing level platform, charging platform, changing electric system and control System, wherein, level platform, the charging platform and the electric system of changing of changing is connected with the control system respectively, described Changing level platform includes changing electric container and is contained in the parking base for changing in electric container and being used to park cars, the charging platform Including charging container and it is contained in charging container for the charging rack to power battery charging and storage, it is described to change electricity System includes the battery changing trolley changed for the electrokinetic cell to parked vehicle on the parking base, the control system Unite for managing and controlling described to change level platform, the charging platform and the work for changing electric system, the battery changing trolley energy It is enough to change free shuttling between level platform and the charging platform described, and battery can be directly taken out from the charging rack Directly put back on the charging rack with the battery that will be changed.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the charging rack includes at least one Battery storage module, each described battery storage module includes charged layer, accumulation layer and mobile layer, is provided with the charged layer The charger for charging the battery, the accumulation layer is used to deposit battery, and the first guide rail is provided with the mobile layer, described to change electricity Dolly can in the horizontal direction be moved along first guide rail.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the charging rack also include with it is described The landing machine module that battery storage module is disposed adjacent, is provided with the second guide rail, the battery changing trolley in the landing machine module Can in the horizontal direction be moved along second guide rail, and second guide rail can be changed described in the vertical direction drive Electric moving of car.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, small-sized automatic the filling of the electric automobile is changed Power station also includes being arranged on the 3rd guide rail changed between level platform and the charging platform, and the battery changing trolley can be along institute The 3rd guide rail is stated to be moved between level platform and the charging rack in described changing, and when second guide rail drops to extreme lower position When, second guide rail is just docked with the 3rd guide rail so that the battery changing trolley can be moved from the 3rd guide rail Move on second guide rail.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the control system includes charging and conversion electric Control module, communication module and human-computer interaction interface, the charging and conversion electric control module are used to controlling described change level platform, described change The work of electric system and the charging platform;The communication module is used to that electric charging station to be communicated and uploaded in real time with cloud service system State;The human-computer interaction interface carries out information exchange for user with the control system.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the battery changing trolley include vehicle seat, Saddle base is arranged on for the roller moved along the 3rd guide rail, the lifting machine being arranged at the top of vehicle seat, installed in described It is used to carry changing electric lifting platform and adding unblock installed in the battery changed on electric lifting platform for electrokinetic cell on lifting machine Mechanism, the battery adds unlocking mechanism to be positioned, unlocked and locked electrokinetic cell for the electrokinetic cell to electric automobile To electric automobile.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the level platform that changes also includes setting Car position system and lifting device on the parking base, the car position system are used for being parked in the parking Vehicle on base is positioned, and the lifting device is used to lift the vehicle being parked on the parking base.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the car position system includes drawing Conductive electrical automobile drives towards guiding slope, the sensor for detecting electric automobile white body position and the use for changing level platform The drive device of electric automobile position is adjusted in the movement of electric automobile tire is driven, the control system is according to the sensor The information for detecting indicates the drive device to perform operation.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the sensor includes being arranged on institute State four position sensors changing on level platform fore-and-aft direction and be arranged on four supersonic sensings for changing level platform both sides Device, when electric automobile along the guiding slope drive towards it is described change level platform after, the position sensor is used to detect white body phase For the position for changing level platform fore-and-aft direction, and front and rear fine setting, institute are carried out to electric automobile by indicator lamp instruction driver Ultrasonic sensor is stated for detecting white body relative to the position for changing level platform both sides edge, and the information reality that will be detected When be sent to the control system.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the car position system also includes Deceleration positioning belt, when electric automobile along the guiding slope drive towards it is described change level platform when, the deceleration positioning belt is used to aid in Electric automobile carries out the coarse positioning of fore-and-aft direction.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the lifting device is vertical including raising Post and drive mechanism, the drive mechanism drive the raising column and driving electric automobile lifting.
In the preferred embodiment of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of above-mentioned electric automobile, the level platform that changes also includes safety Device, the safety device includes being arranged on the emergency gate lock and signal lamp for changing level platform gateway, is arranged on described changing It is used to prevent the shield posts of accident generation on four angles of level platform, is arranged on the guardrail for changing level platform surrounding and plays warning The warning lamp of effect.
It will be appreciated to those of skill in the art that because charging rack of the present utility model has layer-stepping modular structure, So that battery changing trolley inside charging rack free shuttling and can the direct fetching battery from charging rack, therefore, this practicality is new Type can farthest save the space of charging platform.Simultaneously as battery changing trolley directly can pick and place electricity from charging rack Pond, without the auxiliary of any intermediary agency so that it is simultaneously corresponding that the utility model can farthest simplify battery taking and placing structure Simplify procedures.Additionally, small-sized automatic electric charging station of the present utility model includes changing level platform, charging platform, changing electric system System and four parts of control system, change level platform and occupy a parking stall size, and give rise to certain altitude by by electric automobile To carry out changing electrically operated, so that, the electrical changing station carries out changing electric behaviour by it need not carry out in the case of civil engineering to electric automobile Make.In addition, carrying out management and control to whole electrical changing station by control system, the current various equipment of electrical changing station and battery status are transmitted in real time To cloud service system, unified management is conducive to safeguard.In sum, the technical solution of the utility model floor space is small, can spirit Work is arranged in the environment of the Surface parking lots, underground and other various suitable parkings in existing city, carries out fast quick change electricity.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 1, a kind of electric automobile, including change level platform, charging platform, change electric system and control System processed, wherein, level platform, the charging platform and the electric system of changing of changing is connected with the control system respectively, institute State and change level platform and include that changing electric container and being contained in changes in electric container the parking base for being used to park cars, the chargin level Platform is including charging container and is contained in charging container the charging rack being used for power battery charging and storage, described to change Electric system includes the battery changing trolley changed for the electrokinetic cell to parked vehicle on the parking base, the control System is used to managing and controls described to change level platform, the charging platform and the work for changing electric system, it is characterised in that institute Stating battery changing trolley can change free shuttling between level platform and the charging platform described, and can be from the charging rack The battery that directly take out battery and will change directly is put back on the charging rack.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 2, the electric automobile according to scheme 1, it is characterised in that the charging rack bag At least one battery storage module is included, each described battery storage module includes charged layer, accumulation layer and mobile layer, the charging The charger for charging the battery is provided with layer, the accumulation layer is used to deposit battery, first is provided with the mobile layer and is led Rail, the battery changing trolley can in the horizontal direction be moved along first guide rail.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 3, the electric automobile according to scheme 2, it is characterised in that the charging rack is also Including the landing machine module being disposed adjacent with the battery storage module, the second guide rail, institute are provided with the landing machine module Stating battery changing trolley can in the horizontal direction move along second guide rail, and second guide rail being capable of in the vertical direction The battery changing trolley is driven to move.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 4, the electric automobile according to scheme 3, it is characterised in that the electric automobile is small The automatic electric charging station of type also includes being arranged on the 3rd guide rail changed between level platform and the charging platform, described to change electric small Car can be moved in described changing along the 3rd guide rail between level platform and the charging rack, and when second guide rail declines During to extreme lower position, second guide rail is just docked with the 3rd guide rail so that the battery changing trolley can be from described 3rd guide rail is moved on second guide rail.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 5, the electric automobile according to scheme 4, it is characterised in that the control system Including charging and conversion electric control module, communication module and human-computer interaction interface, the charging and conversion electric control module is used to controlling described to change electricity Platform, the work for changing electric system and the charging platform;The communication module is used for simultaneously real-time with cloud service system communication Upload the state of electric charging station;The human-computer interaction interface carries out information exchange for user with the control system.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 6, the electric automobile according to scheme 5, it is characterised in that the battery changing trolley Including vehicle seat, saddle base is arranged on for the roller moved along the 3rd guide rail, the lifting machine being arranged at the top of vehicle seat, peace Be used to carrying electrokinetic cell on the lifting machine changes electric lifting platform and installed in the electricity changed on electric lifting platform Pond adds unlocking mechanism, and the battery adds unlocking mechanism to be positioned, unlocked and locked for the electrokinetic cell to electric automobile Electrokinetic cell is to electric automobile.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 7, the electric automobile according to any one of scheme 1 to 6, it is characterised in that The level platform that changes also includes the car position system and lifting device that are arranged on the parking base, the bus location system Unite for being positioned to the vehicle being parked on the parking base, the lifting device is used for being parked in the parking bottom Vehicle on seat is lifted.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 8, the electric automobile according to scheme 7, it is characterised in that the bus location System includes that guiding electric automobile drives towards guiding slope, the biography for detecting electric automobile white body position for changing level platform Sensor and adjust the drive device of electric automobile position for driving electric automobile tire to move, the control system according to The information that the sensor is detected indicates the drive device to perform operation.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 9, the electric automobile according to scheme 8, it is characterised in that the sensor bag Include and be arranged on four position sensors changed on level platform fore-and-aft direction and be arranged on change level platform both sides four Ultrasonic sensor, when electric automobile along the guiding slope drive towards it is described change level platform after, the position sensor is used to examine White body is surveyed relative to the position for changing level platform fore-and-aft direction, and is indicated before driver carries out to electric automobile by indicator lamp After finely tune, the ultrasonic sensor be used for detect white body relative to the position for changing level platform both sides edge, and will detection To information be sent to the control system in real time.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 10, the electric automobile according to scheme 9, it is characterised in that the automobile is determined Position system also includes deceleration positioning belt, when electric automobile along the guiding slope drive towards it is described change level platform when, the deceleration is determined Bit strip is used for auxiliary electric automobile carries out the coarse positioning of fore-and-aft direction.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 11, the electric automobile according to scheme 10, it is characterised in that the lifting dress Put including raising column and drive mechanism, the drive mechanism drives the raising column and driving electric automobile lifting.
The small-sized automatic electric charging station of scheme 12, the electric automobile according to scheme 11, it is characterised in that described to change level Platform also includes safety device, the safety device include being arranged on the emergency gate lock and signal lamp for changing level platform gateway, Be arranged on it is described change on four angles of level platform be used to preventing accident from occurring shield posts, be arranged on and described change level platform surrounding Guardrail and the warning lamp for serving as warning.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the top view of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the system pie graph of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the battery changing trolley of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the charging rack side structure schematic diagram of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the battery changing trolley of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model in charging rack and changes level platform Between schematic top plan view when moving, for the sake of clarity eliminate A ends in figure changes level platform;
Fig. 6 A are the structural representations of the battery storage module of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 B are another structures of the battery storage module of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model Schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 C are the structural representations of the landing machine module of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation for changing level platform of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model.
Specific embodiment
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model described with reference to the accompanying drawings.It should be understood by those skilled in the art that It is that these implementation methods are used only for explaining know-why of the present utility model, it is not intended that limitation protection of the present utility model Scope.Those skilled in the art can make adjustment to it as needed, to adapt to specific application scenario.
It is term " " center ", " on ", D score, "left", "right", " perpendicular, it is necessary to explanation in description of the present utility model Directly ", the direction of instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outward " or the term of position relationship are closed based on direction shown in the drawings or position System, this is intended merely to facilitate description, must have specific orientation, Yi Te rather than instruction or hint described device or element Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that to limitation of the present utility model.Additionally, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " is only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance.
, it is necessary to explanation, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is pacified in description of the present utility model Dress ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected, or be detachably connected, or integratedly Connection;Can mechanically connect, or electrically connect;Can be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary, Can be two connections of element internal.To those skilled in the art, can as the case may be understand that above-mentioned term exists Concrete meaning in the utility model.
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of automatic electric charging station of miniaturization, and the automatic electric charging station includes changing electricity Platform, charging platform, change electric system and control system.Wherein, change level platform and occupy a parking stall size, charging platform passes through The charging rack of layer-stepping model structural design, and coordinate can free shuttling in charging rack inside and can directly from charging rack The battery changing trolley of upper fetching battery, can farthest save charging platform space and simplify battery taking and placing mechanism and Operation sequence.Therefore, the technical solution of the utility model can realize that the ground that electrical changing station is flexibly arranged on existing city is stopped The environment in parking lot, underground and other various suitable parkings.Each structure of the present utility model is carried out below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings Describe in detail.
With reference first to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the top view of electrical changing station of the present utility model.As shown in figure 1, electricity of the present utility model The small-sized automatic electric charging station of electrical automobile mainly includes two large divisions:Change level platform 1 and charging platform 2.Although not showing in Fig. 1 Go out, electrical changing station of the present utility model actually also includes changing the control system of electric system and the whole electrical changing station operation of control.Change electricity Platform 1 include change electric container 10, this change electric container 10 for will change level platform 1 other devices it is included, so as to change Level platform 1 is more succinct neat on the whole, and the parking base for parking cars is also accommodated in this and changes in electric container 10.Chargin level Platform 2 include charging container 20, the charging container 20 be used for other devices of charging platform 2 are included so that charge Platform 2 is more succinct neat on the whole, and the charging container is also accommodated in for the charging rack to power battery charging and storage It is interior.Further, change and car position system and lifting device are provided with the parking base of level platform 1, when electric automobile needs When carrying out changing electricity, the electric automobile of electricity to be changed is parked on the parking base for changing level platform 1, by car position system to parking Electric automobile on parking base is positioned, and after the completion of positioning, electric automobile is given rise into certain height by lifting device Degree, then is carried out changing electricity by changing electric system to electric automobile, and the battery that will be changed is transported on the battery carrier of charging platform 2. Specifically, refering to Fig. 5, changing electric system includes battery changing trolley 30, and the battery changing trolley 30 can be to being parked in the electricity stopped on base The electrokinetic cell of electrical automobile is changed.Specifically, reference picture 3, the figure is small-sized automatic electric automobile of the present utility model The structural representation of the battery changing trolley 30 of electric charging station.As shown in figure 3, battery changing trolley 30 includes vehicle seat 301, is arranged on vehicle seat The roller 302 of 301 bottoms, the lifting machine 303 for being arranged on the top of vehicle seat 301, it is used on lifting machine 303 to carry power electric Electric lifting platform 304 is changed and installed in the battery plus unlocking mechanism (not shown) changed on electric lifting platform 304, the electricity in pond Pond adds the unlocking mechanism can to realize positioning the electrokinetic cell of electric automobile, unlocked and being locked electrokinetic cell to electronic vapour The function of car.After electric automobile rises to certain altitude by lifting device, battery changing trolley 30 moves to electric automobile bottom, The band of lifting machine 303 is moved electric lifting platform 304 and is risen, and enables to change electric lifting platform 304 and holds battery bottom, then by battery Plus unlocking mechanism is unlocked operation to battery, after unblock, battery declines with electric lifting platform 304 is changed, and battery changing trolley 30 is by electricity Pond is transported on the charging rack of charging platform 2 is charged.
Referring next to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 is the side of the charging rack of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model Structural representation.As shown in figure 4, being illustrated by taking two-layer charging rack structure as an example in the present embodiment, those skilled in the art's energy Enough to understand, the charging rack uses delamination modularization design, can meet difference by extending and shrinking and change electricity Stand the demand of area and capacity, therefore, it is merely possible to illustrate in the present embodiment, it is not used to limit of the present utility model Charging rack structure.The charging rack includes battery storage module 211 and landing machine module 212.Specifically, reference picture 6A, 6B and 6C, Battery storage module 211 includes uppermost charged layer, middle accumulation layer and nethermost mobile layer, wherein, in charged layer The charger for charging the battery is provided with, accumulation layer is used to deposit battery, and the first guide rail 2111 is provided with mobile layer, changes electricity small Car can in the horizontal direction be moved along first guide rail 2111.Wherein the first guide rail 2111 has two kinds of structures, respectively Fig. 6 A Moving in two horizontal directions shown in shown the first guide rail 2111 that can be moved in four horizontal directions and Fig. 6 B First guide rail 2111.Landing machine module 212 is disposed adjacent with battery storage module 211, and second is provided with landing machine module 212 Guide rail 2121, battery changing trolley 30 can be moved along the second guide rail 2121 in two or four horizontal direction, and the second guide rail 2121 being capable of in the vertical direction drive battery changing trolley motion.Therefore, when battery is transported to charging platform 2 by battery changing trolley 30 During charging rack, battery changing trolley 30 can be moved directly in charging rack, and the battery that will be changed directly is put back on charging rack and from filling Battery is directly taken out on electric frame.Specifically, by taking double-layer structure charging rack as an example, battery changing trolley 30 is along the second guide rail 2121 first Move in landing machine module 212, the second guide rail 2121 drives battery changing trolley 30 to rise to the second layer, then, battery changing trolley 30 Moved on the first guide rail 2111 from the second guide rail 2121, into battery storage module 211, and battery is placed on storage Layer, is charged by charger to the battery.The full battery in charging rack is finally taken out, and is returned along the first guide rail 2111 Onto the second guide rail 2121, then ground is returned to by the elevating function of the second guide rail 2121.
Referring next to Fig. 5, Fig. 5 is that the battery changing trolley of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model is being filled Electric frame and schematic top plan view when moving is changed between level platform, for the sake of clarity eliminate A ends in figure changes level platform.As schemed Shown in 5, to change the (not shown) of level platform 1, B ends are charging rack, and the 3rd guide rail 4 is provided between side a and b, change electricity at A ends Dolly can be moved changing along the 3rd guide rail 4 by being arranged on the roller 302 of the bottom of vehicle seat 301 between level platform 1 and charging rack, And when the second guide rail 2121 drops to extreme lower position, the second guide rail 2121 is just docked with the 3rd guide rail 4 so that change electricity Dolly can be moved on the second guide rail 2121 from the 3rd guide rail 4.Battery changing trolley is at A ends by the low battery power of electric automobile Battery is removed, and B ends is moved to afterwards and is moved on the second guide rail 2121, and then enters charging rack, and low battery battery is put into Charged on charging rack, remove and move go back to A ends along the 3rd guide rail 4 again after full battery and carry out the installation of battery, completed whole Change electric process.Due to changing the 3rd guide rail 4 set between level platform 1 and charging platform (namely charging rack), realize and change electric small Car is changing the free shuttling between level platform 1 and charging platform.
Turning back to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is the system pie graph of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model. The principal organ of the unit of electrical changing station of the present utility model is shown in the figure.As shown in Fig. 2 electric automobile is small-sized automatic Electric charging station includes changing level platform 1, charging platform 2, changing electric system and control system, wherein, change level platform 1, the and of charging platform 2 Electric system is changed to be connected with control system respectively.Control system includes charging and conversion electric control module, communication module and human-computer interaction interface, User can be managed by human-computer interaction interface operation control system automatic electric charging station small-sized to the electric automobile, while The control system can carry out information exchange by communication module and upper strata cloud service system, so that in real time that electric automobile is small The current various equipment of the automatic electric charging station of type and battery condition upload to cloud service system.Communication module by internet with it is upper Stratus service system is attached.Charging and conversion electric control module is changed level platform, charging platform and changes each in electric system for control The operation of component.Change the battery altering that electric system is realized changing between level platform 1 and charging platform 2.Change level platform 1 fixed including automobile Position system, lifting device and safety device.Wherein, safety device include be arranged on change the gateway of level platform 1 emergency gate lock and Signal lamp, be arranged on change on 1 four angles of level platform be used for prevent accident occur shield posts, be arranged on and change the surrounding of level platform 1 Guardrail and the warning lamp that serves as warning.Car position system is used to exchange level platform and park cars to be positioned, including draws Slope, deceleration positioning belt, position sensor, ultrasonic sensor, drive device are led, is realized to electric automobile by said structure Positioning.Lifting device includes raising column and drive mechanism.The concrete structure reference picture 7 for changing level platform 1 is illustrated.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation for changing level platform of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile of the present utility model.Such as Fig. 7 Shown, the specific position fixing process of car position system is as follows:Electric automobile drives towards the parking for changing level platform 1 along guiding slope first Base, then carries out the coarse positioning of fore-and-aft direction under deceleration positioning belt auxiliary, and the deceleration positioning belt includes being arranged on changing level The front of platform 1 is for limiting two deceleration strips of front-wheel and being arranged on two deceleration strips for changing electric platform rear for limiting trailing wheel. The position of white body is subsequently detected by position sensor, the position sensor is arranged on four positions, respectively positioned at white The white body leading edge detection sensor I and white body leading edge detection sensor II in vehicle body forward position and after white body edge it is white After vehicle body along after detection sensor I white bodies along detection sensor II.White body position is detected by the sensor of this four positions Put, and point out the driver fine setting of front and back position is carried out to electric automobile by indicator lamp, be adjusted in place that rear driver is flame-out to leave car Son.Distance of the white body apart from the left and right sides is detected finally by ultrasonic sensor.Similarly, the ultrasonic sensor is set Four positions, the white body positioned at the right edge of white body is right right along detection sensor II along detection sensor I and white body respectively And white body positioned at the left edge of white body is left left along detection sensor II along detection sensor I and white body.By this four The ultrasonic sensor of position detects that white body, apart from the distance of the left and right sides, right and left is carried out by drive device to electric automobile To adjustment.The drive device is respectively to be arranged on and changes before and after level platform for driving the white of electric automobile front tyre and rear tyre Vehicle body or so offsets drive device.Electric automobile is parked on lift bench, and deceleration positioning belt is also disposed on the lift bench, is risen Rise platform to be connected with raising column, raising column is arranged on four angles for changing level platform, drive mechanism drives raising column simultaneously Lift bench lifting is driven, so as to electric automobile is given rise into certain altitude, battery changing trolley is moved to bottom of car complete It is electrically operated into changing.The drive mechanism can transmit driving force by way of ball screw, naturally it is also possible to be that other are suitable Structure is used as transmission.
In sum, the course of work of the small-sized automatic electric charging station of the electric automobile is as follows:Electric automobile is along guiding slope Reversing enters changes level platform, and certain position is automatically tuned to by car position system, changes electric system and is obtained from charging platform Fully charged electrokinetic cell is taken, electric automobile lower section is moved to, battery altering is carried out, the low battery battery feeding that then will be removed Charging platform is started to charge up.Change after electricity finishes, electric automobile forward direction is rolled away from and changes level platform.Entirely electric process is changed to be entered by control system Row management and control, control system and upper strata cloud service system carry out communication and interacts with signal, transmit in real time website currently various equipment and Battery status.
So far, combined preferred embodiment shown in the drawings describes the technical solution of the utility model, but, this Art personnel are it is easily understood that protection domain of the present utility model is expressly not limited to these specific embodiments. On the premise of principle of the present utility model, those skilled in the art can make equivalent change to correlation technique feature Or replace, the technical scheme after these are changed or replace it is fallen within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (12)

1. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of a kind of electric automobile, including change level platform, charging platform, change electric system and control system, Wherein, level platform, the charging platform and the electric system of changing of changing is connected with the control system respectively,
The level platform that changes includes changing electric container and is contained in the parking base for changing in electric container and being used to park cars, described Charging platform is including charging container and is contained in charging container the charging rack being used for power battery charging and storage, The electric system of changing includes the battery changing trolley changed for the electrokinetic cell to parked vehicle on the parking base, institute State control system for manage and control it is described change level platform, the charging platform and the work for changing electric system,
Characterized in that, the battery changing trolley can change free shuttling between level platform and the charging platform described, and The battery that battery can be directly taken out from the charging rack and will be changed directly is put back on the charging rack.
2. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the charging rack is included extremely A few battery storage module, each described battery storage module includes charged layer, accumulation layer and mobile layer, in the charged layer The charger for charging the battery is provided with, the accumulation layer is used to deposit battery, and the first guide rail, institute are provided with the mobile layer Stating battery changing trolley can in the horizontal direction move along first guide rail.
3. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the charging rack also includes The landing machine module being disposed adjacent with the battery storage module, is provided with the second guide rail in the landing machine module, described to change Electric dolly can in the horizontal direction be moved along second guide rail, and second guide rail being capable of in the vertical direction drive The battery changing trolley motion.
4. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the electric automobile it is small-sized from Dynamic electric charging station also includes being arranged on the 3rd guide rail changed between level platform and the charging platform, the battery changing trolley energy It is enough to be moved between level platform and the charging rack in described changing along the 3rd guide rail, and when second guide rail drops to most During lower position, second guide rail is just docked with the 3rd guide rail so that the battery changing trolley can be from the described 3rd Guide rail is moved on second guide rail.
5. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the control system includes Charging and conversion electric control module, communication module and human-computer interaction interface, the charging and conversion electric control module be used to controlling it is described change level platform, The work for changing electric system and the charging platform;The communication module is used to be communicated with cloud service system and uploaded in real time to fill The state of electrical changing station;The human-computer interaction interface carries out information exchange for user with the control system.
6. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the battery changing trolley includes Vehicle seat, be arranged on saddle base for the roller moved along the 3rd guide rail, the lifting machine being arranged at the top of vehicle seat, be arranged on It is used to carry changing electric lifting platform and adding installed in the battery changed on electric lifting platform for electrokinetic cell on the lifting machine Unlocking mechanism, the battery adds unlocking mechanism to be positioned, unlocked and locked power for the electrokinetic cell to electric automobile Battery is to electric automobile.
7. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile according to any one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that described Changing level platform also includes the car position system and lifting device that are arranged on the parking base, and the car position system is used Positioned in the vehicle to being parked on the parking base, the lifting device is used for being parked in the parking base Vehicle lifted.
8. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the car position system Guiding slope, the sensor for detecting electric automobile white body position for changing level platform is driven towards including guiding electric automobile And the drive device of electric automobile position is adjusted for driving electric automobile tire to move, the control system is according to The information that sensor is detected indicates the drive device to perform operation.
9. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the sensor includes setting Put in four position sensors changed on level platform fore-and-aft direction and be arranged on four ultrasounds for changing level platform both sides Wave sensor, when electric automobile along the guiding slope drive towards it is described change level platform after, the position sensor is used to detect white Vehicle body indicates driver micro- before and after being carried out to electric automobile relative to the position for changing level platform fore-and-aft direction by indicator lamp Adjust, the ultrasonic sensor is used to detect white body relative to the position for changing level platform both sides edge, and will detect Information is sent to the control system in real time.
10. the small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the bus location system System also includes deceleration positioning belt, when electric automobile along the guiding slope drive towards it is described change level platform when, the deceleration positioning belt The coarse positioning of fore-and-aft direction is carried out for auxiliary electric automobile.
The 11. small-sized automatic electric charging stations of electric automobile according to claim 10, it is characterised in that the lifting device bag Raising column and drive mechanism are included, the drive mechanism drives the raising column and driving electric automobile lifting.
The 12. small-sized automatic electric charging stations of electric automobile according to claim 11, it is characterised in that described to change level platform also Including safety device, the safety device includes being arranged on emergency gate lock and signal lamp, the setting for changing level platform gateway Changed on four angles of level platform for preventing the shield posts of accident generation, being arranged on the guardrail for changing level platform surrounding described With the warning lamp for serving as warning.
CN201620654048.9U 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 The small-sized automatic electric charging station of electric automobile Active CN206254812U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106143183A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-23 蔚来汽车有限公司 The small-sized automatic charging and conversion electric station of electric automobile
CN107503531A (en) * 2017-09-05 2017-12-22 上海电巴新能源科技有限公司 Container electrical changing station and its installation method
CN109515399A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-03-26 蔚来汽车有限公司 Vehicle body position adjusts equipment, vehicle body method of adjustment and computer readable storage medium
CN109703529A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-05-03 西安航天精密机电研究所 A kind of full-automatic electric charging station in two sides of compatible various and its change method for electrically
CN111907367A (en) * 2019-05-07 2020-11-10 浙江吉智新能源汽车科技有限公司 Battery replacing platform and battery replacing system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106143183A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-23 蔚来汽车有限公司 The small-sized automatic charging and conversion electric station of electric automobile
CN107503531A (en) * 2017-09-05 2017-12-22 上海电巴新能源科技有限公司 Container electrical changing station and its installation method
CN109515399A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-03-26 蔚来汽车有限公司 Vehicle body position adjusts equipment, vehicle body method of adjustment and computer readable storage medium
CN109703529A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-05-03 西安航天精密机电研究所 A kind of full-automatic electric charging station in two sides of compatible various and its change method for electrically
CN111907367A (en) * 2019-05-07 2020-11-10 浙江吉智新能源汽车科技有限公司 Battery replacing platform and battery replacing system

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Effective date of registration: 20200907

Address after: Susong Road West and Shenzhen Road North, Hefei Economic and Technological Development Zone, Anhui Province

Patentee after: Weilai (Anhui) Holding Co., Ltd

Address before: Room 502, Bank of America Center, Cecil Harcourt Road, central, Hongkong, China, 12

Patentee before: NIO NEXTEV Ltd.