CN213587026U - Intelligent constant-temperature and constant-humidity nursery stock breeding system - Google Patents

Intelligent constant-temperature and constant-humidity nursery stock breeding system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213587026U
CN213587026U CN202021738240.9U CN202021738240U CN213587026U CN 213587026 U CN213587026 U CN 213587026U CN 202021738240 U CN202021738240 U CN 202021738240U CN 213587026 U CN213587026 U CN 213587026U
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constant
humidity
intelligent
sensor
breeding system
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CN202021738240.9U
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刘国华
王永平
孙昌权
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Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligence constant temperature and humidity nursery stock breeding system, include: the greenhouse comprises a greenhouse frame, an industrial control room, a sensor acquisition module, ground heating equipment and a plant light supplement lamp, wherein the industrial control room, the sensor acquisition module and the plant light supplement lamp are all arranged in the greenhouse frame, and the ground heating equipment is positioned on one side of the greenhouse frame; be provided with intelligent electric cabinet, industrial computer and humidifier in the industrial control room, sensor acquisition module and intelligent electric cabinet all with industrial computer electric connection, equipment, plant light filling lamp and humidifier all with intelligent electric cabinet electric connection warm up. The utility model discloses can adjust site environment, guarantee that the cuttage nursery stock breeds under suitable environment, improve the survival rate of nursery stock and the quality of nursery stock.

Description

Intelligent constant-temperature and constant-humidity nursery stock breeding system
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the nursery stock breeding system, more specifically the utility model relates to an intelligence constant temperature and humidity nursery stock breeding system that says so.
Background
The greenhouse is used for cultivating plants, can provide a growth period and increase the yield in seasons unsuitable for the growth of the plants, and is mainly used for cultivating or growing seedlings of plants such as warm vegetables, flowers and trees in low-temperature seasons. The types of the existing greenhouses are many, and the greenhouses can be divided into vegetable greenhouses, plastic greenhouses, light-transmitting plastic greenhouses, warmhouse greenhouses, sunlight plate greenhouses, intelligent greenhouses, single-span greenhouses, multi-span greenhouses, single-roof greenhouses, double-roof greenhouses, heating greenhouses, non-heating greenhouses and the like according to different roof truss materials, lighting materials, shapes, heating conditions and the like.
However, most of the existing greenhouses belong to universal greenhouses, and are simple in structure, poor in heat preservation effect, low in intelligent degree, weak in pressure resistance and the like. The existing greenhouse for seedling cuttage is also a simple greenhouse, infrastructure in the greenhouse is simple and crude, wind and snow resistance is weak, temperature and humidity cannot meet the requirement of cuttage, and the problems of death and excessive growth of cuttage seedlings and the like are easily caused.
Therefore, how to provide an intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system is a problem that needs to be solved urgently by technical personnel in the field.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model provides an intelligence constant temperature and humidity nursery stock breeding system can adjust site environment, guarantees that the cuttage nursery stock breeds under suitable environment, improves the survival rate of nursery stock and the quality of nursery stock.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
an intelligence constant temperature and humidity nursery stock breeding system includes: the greenhouse comprises a greenhouse frame, an industrial control room, a sensor acquisition module, ground heating equipment and a plant light supplement lamp, wherein the industrial control room, the sensor acquisition module and the plant light supplement lamp are all arranged in the greenhouse frame, and the ground heating equipment is positioned on one side of the greenhouse frame; the indoor intelligent electric cabinet, industrial computer and humidifier that are provided with of industrial control, sensor acquisition module with the intelligent electric cabinet all with industrial computer electric connection, ground heating equipment the plant light filling lamp with the humidifier all with intelligent electric cabinet electric connection.
Preferably, the greenhouse frame comprises a steel structure framework, an outer heat preservation film, an inner heat preservation film and a sun-shading curtain, wherein the inner heat preservation film covers the outer side of the steel structure framework, the sun-shading curtain covers the inner heat preservation film, and the outer heat preservation film covers the sun-shading curtain.
Preferably, the sunshade screen includes two black sunshade nets, guide curtain rod and direction motor, two adjacent one side of black sunshade net all is connected with the guide curtain rod, just the guide curtain rod with the output of direction motor links to each other.
Preferably, side windows are installed on two side faces of the steel structure framework.
Preferably, the bottom of the interior of the greenhouse frame is provided with a cutting seedbed, the cutting seedbed is of a three-layer structure comprising a ground floor heating layer, a yellow sand layer and a matrix layer, wherein the ground floor heating layer is arranged on the first layer, and the matrix layer is arranged on the second layer.
Preferably, a pipeline fog outlet is formed in the position above the cuttage seedling bed and communicated with the humidifier.
Preferably, the sensor acquisition module comprises a sensor integration component and a soil temperature and humidity sensor, the sensor integration component is installed on the side face of the steel structure framework, and the soil humidity sensor is installed in the matrix layer.
Preferably, the sensor integrated assembly comprises an air temperature and humidity sensor, an illumination intensity sensor and a CO2A concentration sensor.
Preferably, still be provided with the display in the industrial control room, the display with electric cabinet electric connection of intelligence.
Preferably, the system also comprises a remote monitoring module, and the industrial personal computer is connected with the remote monitoring module through the Internet.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
the utility model discloses an environmental data in the big-arch shelter frame is gathered to sensor acquisition module to send environmental data to the industrial computer, convert, resolve the back to data through the industrial computer, with data synchronization to intelligent electric cabinet, intelligent electric cabinet realizes the automation control to ground heating equipment, plant light filling lamp and humidifier, thereby accomplishes the regulation to the site environment, guarantees that the cuttage nursery stock breeds under suitable environment, improves the survival rate of nursery stock and the quality of nursery stock.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings required to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a block diagram of the present invention.
Wherein, in the figure:
1-external heat preservation film; 2-steel structure framework; 3-inner heat preservation film; 4-side window; 5-an industrial control room; 6-intelligent electric cabinet; 7-a humidifier; 8-a display; 9-a floor heating device; 10-a floor heating layer; 11-yellow sand layer; 12-a matrix layer; 13-a soil temperature and humidity sensor; 14-a pipeline mist outlet; 15-a sensor integration component; 16-plant light supplement lamp.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the utility model provides an intelligence constant temperature and humidity nursery stock breeding system, includes: the greenhouse comprises a greenhouse frame, an industrial control room 5, a sensor acquisition module, a ground heating device 9 and a plant light supplement lamp 16, wherein the industrial control room 5, the sensor acquisition module and the plant light supplement lamp 16 are all arranged in the greenhouse frame, and the ground heating device 9 is positioned on one side of the greenhouse frame; be provided with intelligent electric cabinet 6, industrial computer and humidifier 7 in the industrial control room 5, sensor acquisition module and intelligent electric cabinet 6 all with industrial computer electric connection, ground equipment 9, plant light filling lamp 16 and humidifier 7 all with intelligent electric cabinet 6 electric connection.
The greenhouse frame comprises a steel structure framework 2, an outer heat preservation film, an inner heat preservation film 3 and a sun-shading curtain, wherein the inner heat preservation film 3 covers the outer side of the steel structure framework 2, the sun-shading curtain covers the inner heat preservation film 3, and the outer heat preservation film covers the sun-shading curtain.
The sunshade screen includes two black sunshade net, guide curtain pole and direction motor, all is connected with the guide curtain pole in two adjacent one sides of black sunshade net, and the guide curtain pole links to each other with the output of direction motor. The sunshade screen can prevent the problem that the temperature in the shed is increased sharply due to overhigh temperature in summer.
Two side windows 4 are respectively arranged on two side faces of the steel structure framework 2, a manual film rolling device is adopted to roll films to open and close the ventilation mode, two rows of manual film rolling ventilation openings with the height of 1.8m multiplied by the length of 20m are arranged on the vertical faces of the two side walls of the greenhouse, and the films are rolled up and down through film rolling pipes to form the ventilation openings.
The bottom of the inside big-arch shelter frame is provided with the cuttage seedbed, and the cuttage seedbed is by the total three layer construction of ground facing upward, and the first floor warms up layer 10 as the seedbed heat supply source, and the second floor is yellow sand layer 11, mainly plays the effect of heat transfer, drainage, and the third layer is matrix layer 12 for the cuttage of crop.
In this embodiment, a pipeline fog outlet 14 is arranged above the cutting seedling bed, and the pipeline fog outlet 14 is communicated with the humidifier 7 and is used for humidifying air in the greenhouse frame and replenishing water for the cutting seedlings. The plant light supplement lamp 16 is positioned above the fog outlet and used for providing a required light source for plants in cloudy days or at night.
The sensor acquisition module comprises a sensor integrated assembly 15 and a soil temperature and humidity sensor 13, the sensor integrated assembly 15 is installed on the side face of the steel structure framework 2, and the soil humidity sensor is installed in the substrate layer 12. The sensor integrated assembly 15 comprises an air temperature and humidity sensor, an illumination intensity sensor and CO2A concentration sensor. Air temperature and humidity sensor, illumination intensity sensor and CO2Concentration sensor and soil temperature and humidity sensor 13 all adopt wireless sensor, send data to the industrial computer through the loRa gateway.
In this embodiment, a display 8 is further disposed in the industrial control room 5, and the display 8 is electrically connected to the intelligent electric cabinet 6. The user can monitor the environmental parameters in the greenhouse in real time through the display 8 in the industrial control room 5.
The utility model discloses can realize high-efficient constant temperature heating: heating methods warms up in the adoption, arrange the hot-water heating pipeline bottom the cuttage seedbed, the equipment 9 warms up adopts the mode of electrical heating with the water heating after, water distributes out heat energy in the pipeline inner loop, the root of transmitting the crop with heat energy through the yellow sand bed 11 of pipeline top, the realization is to the intensification of plant root environment, play the effect of heat preservation constant humidity, be favorable to improving winter period, the rooting rate and the survival rate of nursery stock, relative coal heating, natural gas heating, environmental protection more, safety.
The utility model discloses an install at inside air temperature and humidity sensor, illumination intensity sensor, CO of big-arch shelter2On-line measuring sensors such as concentration sensor and soil temperature and humidity sensor 13, canopy internal parameters in real-time detection, data feedback to the industrial computer, after the industrial computer carries out conversion, analysis to data, with data synchronization to intelligent electric cabinet 6, intelligent electric cabinet 6 carries out the control decision according to plant expert system respectively, and actuating mechanism such as control direction motor, humidifier 7, ground heating equipment 9, plant light filling lamp 16 realize the staged intelligence maintenance to cuttage type nursery stock.
The utility model discloses still utilize internet technology development remote monitoring module, convenience of customers remote operation is collecting the various environmental parameters of cuttage nursery stock stage nature growth in-process, collects a large amount of data simultaneously, establishes small-size indoor environmental data model for intelligence cuttage nursery stock maintenance management provides the data support. The parameters such as the attribute, the water demand characteristic and the like of the current cutting nursery stock are input through a Web end and an Android end, and the industrial personal computer carries out all-weather intelligent maintenance according to a set program. The utility model discloses can realize greenhouse constant temperature, constant humidity, intelligent light filling and the purpose of irrigating, for the cuttage nursery stock growth provides the optimal growing environment, can also save water simultaneously and save labour the increase.
The utility model discloses still include remote monitoring module, the industrial computer passes through the internet and links to each other with remote monitoring module. The remote monitoring module consists of a Web end and an Android end, the industrial personal computer sends data to the cloud server in an Ethernet communication mode, and a user can remotely monitor the greenhouse through the Web end and the Android end, so that the user can observe the growth condition of crops at any time and any place conveniently.
The utility model discloses an environmental data in the big-arch shelter frame is gathered to sensor acquisition module to send environmental data to the industrial computer, convert data, analytic back through the industrial computer, with data synchronization to intelligent electric cabinet 6, the PLC of intelligent electric cabinet 6 realizes the automation control to ground heating equipment 9, plant light filling lamp 16 and humidifier 7, thereby accomplishes the regulation to the site environment, guarantees that the cuttage nursery stock breeds under suitable environment, improves the survival rate of nursery stock and the quality of nursery stock. Compare with traditional nursery stock cuttage warmhouse booth, the utility model discloses can realize greenhouse constant temperature, constant humidity, intelligent light filling and the purpose of irrigation, for cuttage nursery stock growth provides the optimal growing environment, can also save water simultaneously and save labour the increase.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other. The device disclosed by the embodiment corresponds to the method disclosed by the embodiment, so that the description is simple, and the relevant points can be referred to the method part for description.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an intelligence constant temperature and humidity nursery stock breeding system which characterized in that includes: the greenhouse comprises a greenhouse frame, an industrial control room, a sensor acquisition module, ground heating equipment and a plant light supplement lamp, wherein the industrial control room, the sensor acquisition module and the plant light supplement lamp are all arranged in the greenhouse frame, and the ground heating equipment is positioned on one side of the greenhouse frame; the indoor intelligent electric cabinet, industrial computer and humidifier that are provided with of industrial control, sensor acquisition module with the intelligent electric cabinet all with industrial computer electric connection, ground heating equipment the plant light filling lamp with the humidifier all with intelligent electric cabinet electric connection.
2. The intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the greenhouse frame comprises a steel structure framework, an outer heat preservation film, an inner heat preservation film and a sun-shading curtain, the inner heat preservation film covers the outer side of the steel structure framework, the sun-shading curtain covers the inner heat preservation film, and the outer heat preservation film covers the sun-shading curtain.
3. The intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system as claimed in claim 2, wherein the sunshade comprises two black sunshade nets, a curtain guiding rod and a guiding motor, the curtain guiding rod is connected to one adjacent side of each of the two black sunshade nets, and the curtain guiding rod is connected with an output end of the guiding motor.
4. The intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system as claimed in claim 2, wherein side windows are mounted on both side faces of the steel structural framework.
5. The intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system as claimed in claim 1, wherein a cutting seedbed is arranged at the bottom end inside the greenhouse frame, the cutting seedbed is of a three-layer structure from the ground to the top, the first layer is a ground heating layer, the second layer is a yellow sand layer, and the third layer is a substrate layer.
6. The intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system as claimed in claim 5, wherein a pipeline fog outlet is arranged above the cutting seedbed, and the pipeline fog outlet is communicated with the humidifier.
7. The intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system as claimed in claim 2, wherein the sensor acquisition module comprises a sensor integration component and a soil temperature and humidity sensor, the sensor integration component is installed on the side surface of the steel structure framework, and the soil humidity sensor is installed in a matrix layer.
8. The intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system as claimed in claim 7, wherein the sensor integration component comprises an air temperature and humidity sensor, an illumination intensity sensor and CO2A concentration sensor.
9. The intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system as claimed in claim 1, wherein a display is further arranged in the industrial control room, and the display is electrically connected with the intelligent electric cabinet.
10. The intelligent constant-temperature constant-humidity seedling breeding system according to claim 1 or 9, further comprising a remote monitoring module, wherein the industrial personal computer is connected with the remote monitoring module through the internet.
CN202021738240.9U 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 Intelligent constant-temperature and constant-humidity nursery stock breeding system Active CN213587026U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021738240.9U CN213587026U (en) 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 Intelligent constant-temperature and constant-humidity nursery stock breeding system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021738240.9U CN213587026U (en) 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 Intelligent constant-temperature and constant-humidity nursery stock breeding system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213587026U true CN213587026U (en) 2021-07-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021738240.9U Active CN213587026U (en) 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 Intelligent constant-temperature and constant-humidity nursery stock breeding system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213587026U (en)

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