CN207626025U - The wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of seeding belt intensive cultivation can be achieved - Google Patents

The wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of seeding belt intensive cultivation can be achieved Download PDF

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CN207626025U
CN207626025U CN201721441355.XU CN201721441355U CN207626025U CN 207626025 U CN207626025 U CN 207626025U CN 201721441355 U CN201721441355 U CN 201721441355U CN 207626025 U CN207626025 U CN 207626025U
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wide cut
high yield
seeder
achievable
seed
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史江涛
王强
李�杰
王延宏
薛娟
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XI'AN YAAO AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
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XI'AN YAAO AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, and in particular to a kind of wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation.The seeder includes rotary blade, fertilising pipe and the seed release set gradually from the front to the back along seeder direction of travel;The fertilising pipe is close to the maximum rotation round of rotary blade, and the seed release is connected by connecting plate with the fertilising pipe in front;Kind of a bed filling trimmer is provided between the fertilising pipe and seed release, seed release rear is provided with earthing and reorganizes and outfit device.Effective plantation wide cut of the utility model seeder is in 11 16cm, and single seed floor space is in 4.14 9.6cm2;Effective kind is planted a floor space 30 44%, and 20 25cm of blanking bar width, border effect is good, and seed mass of 1000 kernel is big, and the effective sown area in soil than in the prior art improves 150%, 10% or more comprehensive yield volume increase;Save seed 10%.

Description

The wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of seeding belt intensive cultivation can be achieved
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, and in particular to a kind of wide cut of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation High yield no-tillage seeding machine.
Background technology
No-tillage seeding machine is a kind of height automation agricultural machinery for replacing manually working, and can be completed broadcast with a step The farming steps such as kind, fertilising can be greatly reduced cost of labor, improve farming efficiency.It is disclosed on 2 8th, 2006 China Application for a patent for invention CN1729742A proposes an a kind of one-groove two-line plough-free wheat seed sower unit, can once sow 2 row seeds With 1 row chemical fertilizer.The seeder of this ditch duplicate rows form is really the narrow sowing of often 3~4cm of row, and there are sowing effective areas Small, low output defect.The Chinese utility model patent CN202773323U for being disclosed on March 13rd, 2013 proposes one kind and exempts from The wide width deep applying fertilizer plough for ploughing seeder, using the no-tillage seeding machine of this broad width furrow opener at work due to Soil Straw Weeds are more, easily occur between plough congestion, kind bed in soil grass separation it is unclear, seed broadcast easily occur on stalk weeds burn seedlings, Withered seedling, seedling death phenomenon reason cause yield to reduce, the result of the underproduction.And there is kind of bed not there are groove at plough rear Flat problem, causes depth of planting to be distributed in the wider range of 1~8cm, or even there is also the depth of planting of 10cm, seriously Affect sowing effect.Be disclosed on 2 11st, 2015 Chinese invention patent application CN104335736A propose it is a kind of small The high-bit widths width seed opener such as wheat deep fertilizer spraying, the M type seed bed preparedness devices which is equipped with are easy cohesive, stifled by soil It fills in and loses and receive the soil effect of reorganizing and outfit.In addition, the seed opener can not also eliminate the groove at plough rear, however it remains kind bed Uneven, the non-uniform problem of depth of planting.The Chinese invention patent application CN105103725A for being disclosed on December 2nd, 2015 is carried A kind of deep seeding apparatus such as new molded breadth seedling band intelligent control are gone out, the rear furrow scraping of broadcasting of the seeding apparatus is reorganized and outfit device and easy tod produce Farming is sent out in congestion and library normal, working efficiency is low, and soil, which flows back to extruding practical sown scope is made to narrow, reduces actually active sowing face It accumulates and the underproduction occurs.
Utility model content
The utility model aim is to provide a kind of wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation, solves Existing seeding machinary is easy the technical problem that congestion, depth of planting is uneven, sowing effective area is small.
The technical solution of the utility model is:A kind of wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation Machine is characterized in that:Include being released along rotary blade, fertilising pipe and the seed that seeder direction of travel is set gradually from the front to the back Put device;The fertilising pipe is close to the maximum rotation round of rotary blade, the fertilising that the seed release passes through connecting plate and front Pipe is connected;Kind of a bed filling trimmer, the setting of seed release rear are provided between the fertilising pipe and seed release There is earthing to reorganize and outfit device.
Further, the length of above-mentioned connecting plate is 250-450mm.
Further, the length of above-mentioned connecting plate is 350mm.
Further, the setting angle of above-mentioned kind of bed filling trimmer is inversely proportional with seeder gait of march;Seeder row Become smaller into speed, then the setting angle for planting bed filling trimmer becomes larger;Seeder gait of march becomes larger, then plants bed filling trimmer Setting angle become smaller.
Further, when seeder gait of march is 4km/h, the setting angle of kind bed filling trimmer is 40 degree.
Further, above-mentioned earthing reorganizes and outfit the setting angle of device and seeder gait of march is inversely proportional;Seeder is advanced fast Degree becomes smaller, then earthing reorganizes and outfit the setting angle of device and becomes larger;Seeder gait of march becomes larger, then earthing reorganizes and outfit the setting angle change of device It is small.
Further, above-mentioned earthing is reorganized and outfit and is met with ShiShimonoseki between the setting angle α of device and the gait of march v of seeder System:α=- 3.75v2+ 30v, the wherein unit of v are km/h, the unit degree of being of α.
Further, above-mentioned earthing, which is reorganized and outfit, meets following relationship between the setting angle α of device and tilth H:α=75- 0.5H, the wherein unit of H are cm, the unit degree of being of α.
Further, it is provided on above-mentioned rotary blade and picks careless knife, careless knife is being picked most in the fertilizer outlet position of the fertilising pipe Within big rotation round.Careless knife is picked in fertilising pipe both sides, band-like cultivated area, the weeds in band-like kind of bed is effectively rejected, rises To cleaning kind bed effect, the kind bed in band-like cultivated area is made to achieve the purpose that intensive cultivation.
Further, the uniline of the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of above-mentioned achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation effectively plants width Width is 11-16cm, and blanking bar width is 20-25cm, and effective planting area floor space is 30-44%;Single seed effectively takes up an area Meet following relationship between area y and sowing weight x:Y=0.01347x-1.019+1.055×10-5;Wherein, single seed is effective The unit of floor space y is cm2, the unit of sowing weight x is kg.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) effective plantation wide cut of the utility model seeder is in 11-16cm, and single seed floor space is in 4.14- 9.6cm2;Effective kind is planted a floor space in 30-44%, and blanking bar width 20-25cm, border effect is good, and seed mass of 1000 kernel is big, The effective sown area in soil than in the prior art improves 150%, 10% or more comprehensive yield volume increase;Save seed 10%.
(2) the utility model is attached fertilising pipe and seed release by using connecting plate, on the one hand increases and applies Horizontal distance between fertilizer pipe and seed release, it is ensured that fertilizer application layer is isolated with the space of kind bed;On the other hand, the company of long range Fishplate bar can follow the operation of seeder and generation rule vibrates so that seed release can effectively disperse to sow position, protect Demonstrate,prove enough plantation wide cuts.
(3) the utility model pipe that will apply fertilizer is close to rotary blade setting, while the fertilizer outlet for the pipe that applies fertilizer being close to pick careless knife Maximum rotation round, can effectively reject fertilising pipe between and both sides stalk and weeds, avoid because seed is broadcast in stalk Occur on weeds withered seedling, dead seedling underproduction phenomenon.
(4) in the utility model kind bed filling trimmer and earthing reorganize and outfit device can according to seeder gait of march and Setting angle is adjusted, cooperation seed release ensure that suitable depth of planting and thickness of earth covering in 3-5cm.
(5) fertilising pipe is spaced between seed release at a distance from 250-450mm by the utility model, can be effectively ensured Soil, which falls covering fertilizer and the preliminary smooth kind of bed of filling bottom of trench, makes kind of bed bottom difference within 2cm, and kind bed soil covers fertilizer, So that fertilizer accurately discharges below kind of the layer in the region of 3-5cm.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine that the utility model can realize seeding belt intensive cultivation.
Fig. 2 is the clay distribution schematic diagram after planting of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the sowing effect diagram of the utility model.
1- rotary blades, 2- pick careless knife, 3- fertilising pipes, 4- connecting plates, 5- kind beds filling trimmer, 6- seed releases, 7- Earthing reorganizes and outfit device, 8- overburden layers, 9- kind beds, 10- fertilizer application layers.
Specific implementation mode
Referring to Fig. 1, the utility model provides a kind of wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation, Structure specifically includes rotary blade 1, fertilising pipe 3 and the seed release 6 set gradually from the front to the back along seeder direction of travel;It applies Fertile pipe 3 is close to the maximum rotation round of rotary blade 1, and seed release 6 is connected by connecting plate 4 with the fertilising pipe 3 in front;Fertilising Kind of a bed filling trimmer 5 is provided between pipe 3 and seed release 6,6 rear of seed release is provided with earthing and reorganizes and outfit device 7.Rotation It is provided in coulter 3 and picks careless knife 2, the fertilizer outlet position for the pipe 3 that applies fertilizer is within the maximum rotation round for picking careless knife 2.
In actual use, rotary blade outputs the agrarian zone of 14-18cm, and fertilising pipe is close to rotary blade, before solving fertilising pipe The congestion of weeds stalk and separation soil grass, pick careless knife 2 and are close to the pipe both sides of applying fertilizer, and solve the congestion of between fertilising pipe and both sides, simultaneously The stalk weeds in 14-18cm agrarian zones are rejected, make kind of a bed intensive cultivation, without weeds.Fertilising pipe 3 is close to rotary blade 1, fertilising pipe Itself does not ditch.Kind bed fills the soil stream finishing smooth kind of bed of importing that trimmer will be thrown before seed release, and kind bed is smooth Degree is within 2cm, and seed release prolongs below to carry out kind of bed slightly to scrape the difference for prolonging equating 2cm, and seed release is with heel row Seed is released on the kind bed trimmed, breadth is in 14cm or so.Earthing reorganizes and outfit device and the soil not fallen after rise completely is received whole fall Enter kind of a bed to be covered in on various beds, reaches 3-5cm overburden soils.Since kind of bed is smooth, seed is in same level, Surface mulch 3- 5cm Nutrition Soils, it is ensured that plantation wide cut maintains 11-16cm.Postorder is compacted, and seed level is consistent, and for earthing in 3-5cm, sowing is deep Degree is within 3-5cm.
Horizontal distance (i.e. the length of connecting plate) between fertilising pipe and seed release is 250-450mm, optimum distance It is 350mm.On the one hand the setting of connecting plate can increase the horizontal distance between fertilising pipe and seed release, it is ensured that fertilizer application layer It is isolated with the space of kind of bed;On the other hand, connecting plate can follow the operation of seeder and generation rule vibrates so that seed discharges Device can effectively disperse to sow position, ensure enough plantation wide cuts.If distance is too close between fertilising pipe and seed release, Kind bed can not be smooth at 2-7 kilometers for seeder forward speed;If apart from too far, that there are structures is long, center of gravity lag, earthing Difficult, complicated problem, unit can not work normally.If more crucially apart from improper, depth of planting is unable to reach 3-5cm requirements.
Kind bed filling trimmer includes the leading portion and back segment that connection forms V-structure, kind bed filling trimmer leading portion and machine Frame hingedly links, and raises up in Zhong Chuan blanking bars area, gradually tapers up from the front to the back, forms V-type under depression angle and shrinks, plays The effect of weeds is collected, kind bed filling trimmer back segment fills finishing fertilizer pipe in the downward concave shape in Zhong Chuan blanking bars area at dispersion soil stream Groove afterwards forms preliminary kind of bed, and kind bed flatness is within 2cm.Position is equipped with adjustment kind among kind of bed filling trimmer The angle adjustment lever of bed filling trimmer, for adjusting kind of a setting angle for bed filling trimmer.
The length of kind bed filling trimmer is more suitable with 300cm between 200-400cm.Kind bed filling trimmer Setting angle is inversely proportional with seeder gait of march;Seeder gait of march becomes smaller, then plants the setting angle of bed filling trimmer Become larger;Seeder gait of march becomes larger, then the setting angle for planting bed filling trimmer becomes smaller.When seeder gait of march is 4km/ When h, the setting angle of kind bed filling trimmer is 40 degree.Its setting angle refers to kind of bed filling trimmer leading portion and a vertical plane Angle.
It includes the leading portion and back segment that connection forms V-structure, leading portion and kind bed filling trimmer tail end hinge that earthing, which reorganizes and outfit device, Chain link connects, and earthing reorganizes and outfit device leading portion in Zhong Chuan blanking bars area to recessed, is reverse V-shaped structure under depression angle, forms dispersion soil stream Filling covering seed, earthing reorganizes and outfit device back segment, and to be flat make that soil flows evenly laid out whereaboutss repairing filling covering kind bed and blanking bar is miscellaneous Grass, seed overburden soil is uniform, and blanking bar covering weeds promote weeds fermentation and rot to form organic substance.In earthing reorganizes and outfit device Between position be provided with for adjust setting angle kind bed fill trimmer adjust bar.
Earthing reorganizes and outfit the length of device between 200-400cm, more suitable with 300cm.Earthing reorganizes and outfit the setting angle of device It is inversely proportional with seeder gait of march;Seeder gait of march becomes smaller, then earthing reorganizes and outfit the setting angle of device and becomes larger;Seeder row Become larger into speed, then earthing reorganizes and outfit the setting angle of device and becomes smaller.Earthing reorganizes and outfit the setting angle α of device and the gait of march of seeder Meet following relationship between v:α=- 3.75v2+ 30v, the wherein unit of v are km/h, the unit degree of being of α.Earthing reorganizes and outfit the peace of device Meet following relationship between dress angle [alpha] and tilth H:α=75-0.5H, the wherein unit of H are cm, the unit degree of being of α.Its Setting angle refers to that earthing reorganizes and outfit the angle of device leading portion and vertical plane.
It is sowed using the utility model seeder, the suitable maximum space of simple grain, seeded dispersion, ventilation can be obtained Light transmission effectively improves tillering seedling number and kind spike number, plays edge effect, obtains maximum effective soil plant utilization rate, is promoted Mass of 1000 kernel and achieve the effect that volume increase, high yield.According to practical measuring and calculating, effective plantation wide cut of the utility model is in 11-16cm, list Grain seed floor space is in 4.14-9.6cm2;Effective kind is planted a floor space on 30-44%, blanking bar 20~25cm of width, side Border effect is good, and seed mass of 1000 kernel is big.Referring to table 1 to table 3, for the utility model compared to existing regular drill, soil is effective Sown area, which improves 150%, comprehensive yield, can increase 8-21%.
Table 1 tests one group of sowing Contrast on effect
Table 2 tests two groups of sowing Contrast on effect
Table 3 tests three groups of sowing Contrast on effect

Claims (10)

1. a kind of wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation, it is characterised in that:Including along seeder row Rotary blade, fertilising pipe and the seed release set gradually from the front to the back into direction;The fertilising pipe is close to the maximum of rotary blade Rotation round, the seed release are connected by connecting plate with the fertilising pipe in front;Fertilising pipe and seed release it Between be provided with kind of a bed filling trimmer, seed release rear is provided with earthing and reorganizes and outfit device.
2. the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The length of the connecting plate is 250-450mm.
3. the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: The length of the connecting plate is 350mm.
4. the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The setting angle of described kind of bed filling trimmer is inversely proportional with seeder gait of march;Seeder gait of march becomes smaller, then plants bed The setting angle of filling trimmer becomes larger;Seeder gait of march becomes larger, then the setting angle for planting bed filling trimmer becomes smaller.
5. the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: When seeder gait of march is 4km/h, the setting angle of kind bed filling trimmer is 40 degree.
6. the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The earthing reorganizes and outfit the setting angle of device and seeder gait of march is inversely proportional;Seeder gait of march becomes smaller, then earthing is reorganized and outfit The setting angle of device becomes larger;Seeder gait of march becomes larger, then earthing reorganizes and outfit the setting angle of device and becomes smaller.
7. the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: The earthing is reorganized and outfit meets following relationship between the setting angle α of device and the gait of march v of seeder:α=- 3.75v2+ 30v, Wherein the unit of v is km/h, the unit degree of being of α.
8. the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: The earthing, which is reorganized and outfit, meets following relationship between the setting angle α of device and tilth H:α=75-0.5H, the wherein unit of H are The unit degree of being of cm, α.
9. according to the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation according to any one of claims 1-8, It is characterized in that:It is provided on the rotary blade and picks careless knife, the fertilizer outlet position of the fertilising pipe is in the maximum rotational circle for picking careless knife Within week.
10. according to the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation according to any one of claims 1-8, It is characterized in that:It is 11- that the uniline of the wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of the achievable seeding belt intensive cultivation, which effectively plants wide cut, 16cm, blanking bar width are 20-25cm, and effective planting area floor space is 30-44%;The effective floor space y of single seed with Meet following relationship between sowing weight x:Y=0.01347x-1.019+1.055×10-5;Wherein, the unit of y is cm2, the list of x Position is kg.
CN201721441355.XU 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 The wide cut high yield no-tillage seeding machine of seeding belt intensive cultivation can be achieved Active CN207626025U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110574509A (en) * 2019-10-16 2019-12-17 安徽邓氏机械制造有限公司 seeding machine
CN110583171A (en) * 2019-10-16 2019-12-20 安徽邓氏机械制造有限公司 Seeding device and seeding pipe

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110574509A (en) * 2019-10-16 2019-12-17 安徽邓氏机械制造有限公司 seeding machine
CN110583171A (en) * 2019-10-16 2019-12-20 安徽邓氏机械制造有限公司 Seeding device and seeding pipe

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