CN207511455U - A kind of stacking machine - Google Patents

A kind of stacking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207511455U
CN207511455U CN201721678045.XU CN201721678045U CN207511455U CN 207511455 U CN207511455 U CN 207511455U CN 201721678045 U CN201721678045 U CN 201721678045U CN 207511455 U CN207511455 U CN 207511455U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rack
roller conveyor
material bag
driving mechanism
fixed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721678045.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王超
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201721678045.XU priority Critical patent/CN207511455U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207511455U publication Critical patent/CN207511455U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of stacking machines, including rack and PLC controller, swiveling lifting platform is equipped on front side of rack, rack upper front end is equipped with material bag limiting photoelectric switch, rack top is equipped with supporting rack, supporting rack top sets that there are two the first sliding rails for being arranged along rack left and right directions, slidable fit has the roller conveyor transmitted along rack front-rear direction on two the first sliding rails, roller conveyor front end is equipped with material bag photoelectric sensor, supporting rack is equipped with the first driving mechanism that driving roller conveyor is slided along the first sliding rail, supporting framing front end bottom is equipped with feeding plate, climbing conveyer is equipped on rear side of rack, swiveling lifting platform, material bag limiting photoelectric switch, roller conveyor, material bag photoelectric sensor, first driving mechanism, climbing conveyer is controlled with PLC controller and is connected.For the entire palletization of the utility model without manually participating in, working efficiency is high, and labour is greatly saved, saves cost, and whole equipment is simple in structure, easy to make, reduces production cost.

Description

A kind of stacking machine
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of bagged material stacking adapters, and in particular to a kind of stacking machine.
Background technology
The stacking of bagged material at present is divided into two kinds of forms:Hand stowage and mechanical stacking, hand stowage i.e. manually will material Then pile gathers into folds for the destination that is carried to of one bag one bag of bag, and time-consuming and laborious, working efficiency is low, and needs a large amount of labour Power, it is of high cost, it is impossible to meet production requirement.Mechanical stacking carries out stacking, existing machinery stacking using mechanical Palletizer Device structure is complicated, and cost of manufacture is high, is not easy to promote.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of stacking machine, simple in structure, low manufacture cost, and stacking efficiency Height saves cost.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution that the utility model is taken is:
A kind of stacking machine including rack and PLC controller, is equipped with swiveling lifting platform, rack front end on front side of the rack Top is equipped with material bag limiting photoelectric switch, and rack top is equipped with supporting rack, and supporting rack top sets that there are two along rack left and right directions First sliding rail of arrangement, slidable fit has the roller conveyor transmitted along rack front-rear direction on two the first sliding rails, and idler wheel is defeated Machine front end is sent to be equipped with material bag photoelectric sensor, supporting rack is equipped with the first driving that driving roller conveyor is slided along the first sliding rail Mechanism, supporting framing front end bottom are equipped with feeding plate, are equipped with climbing conveyer on rear side of rack, the top of climbing conveyer and idler wheel are defeated Machine is sent to be connected, the swiveling lifting platform, material bag limiting photoelectric switch, roller conveyor, material bag photoelectric sensor, the first driving Mechanism, climbing conveyer are controlled with PLC controller and are connected.
The second sliding rail that support frame as described above is arranged by two along rack front-rear direction is slidably mounted in rack, wherein the Two sliding rails are fixed in rack, and supporting rack is slidedly assemblied on two the second sliding rails, and rack is equipped with driving supporting rack along second The second driving mechanism that sliding rail slides, the second driving mechanism are connected with PLC controller control.
Two vertical guides that are vertically arranged of the swiveling lifting platform including being separately positioned on rack front end both sides, two The sliding block that vertically guide rail slides is mounted in a vertical guide, the water extended in front of oriented rack is fixed between two sliding blocks Flat support plate is equipped with rotating platform on horizontal supporting plate, is fixed with that vertically guide rail is slided for driving two sliding blocks in rack Dynamic third driving mechanism, third driving mechanism are connected with PLC controller control.
The rotating platform includes the supporting plate being arranged on horizontal supporting plate, wherein fixed on the top surface of horizontal supporting plate There is spring bearing, shaft is rotatably equipped in spring bearing, shaft top is fixed with locating piece, and supporting plate center is equipped with and locating piece The locating slot of engaging is fixed with the rotation gear of coaxial rotating on the top peripheral wall of shaft, is fixed on horizontal supporting plate Two servo motors are fixed with the drive gear being meshed with rotation gear, the second servo electricity on the output shaft of the second servo motor Machine is connected with PLC controller control.
The third driving mechanism includes being respectively fixed on the machine frame two lifting hydraulic cylinders below sliding block, lifts liquid The cylinder body of cylinder pressure is fixed in rack, and the tailpiece of the piston rod of lifting hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with a slide block, and lifting hydraulic cylinder is by hydraulic station Driving, lifting hydraulic cylinder are connected with PLC controller control.
First driving mechanism include be mounted on supporting rack on and along rack left and right directions rotate synchronous belt, supporting rack On the first servo motor of driving synchronous belt rotation is installed, the roller conveyor is connected with synchronous belt, the first servo motor It controls and connects with PLC controller.
Second driving mechanism includes being fixed on rack rear end and telescopic direction is parallel with the second sliding rail length direction Lateral cylinder, the cylinder body of lateral cylinder is fixedly connected with rack, and the tailpiece of the piston rod of lateral cylinder is fixedly connected with supporting rack, horizontal It is connected to cylinder and PLC controller control.
Support frame as described above front end is equipped between roller conveyor and feeding plate with acclive slide plate.
The utility model has the advantage of the utility model is equipped with climbing conveyer on rear side of rack, and climbing conveyer will Material bag is delivered on roller conveyor, and the first driving mechanism can require that roller conveyor is driven to move left and right according to stacking, so as to Material bag thereon is driven to move left and right, after roller conveyor moves left and right in place, roller conveyor, which starts running, to be driven thereon Material bag is advanced forward so that material bag gradually leaves roller conveyor, and material bag lets droop drop down onto on feeding plate under gravity, And roll forward under the action of inertia forward, it then drops down onto in swiveling lifting platform, stacking is completed in one end of this layer first, so PLC controller control swiveling lifting platform rotation 180 degree afterwards, continues the stacking of this layer of other end and then completes this layer Palletizing operation so recycles, and completes the palletizing operation of other layers, entire palletization is without manually participating in, and stacking speed is fast, work Make efficient, be greatly saved labour, save cost, and whole equipment is simple in structure, easy to make, reduction is produced into This.
Description of the drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the slide plate assembling structure schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of the rotating platform of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of stacking machine, including rack 1 and PLC controller, rack 1 is frame-type structure, and PLC is controlled Device is mounted in rack, and swiveling lifting platform is equipped on front side of rack, and rack upper front end is equipped with material bag limiting photoelectric switch 2, material For bag limiting photoelectric switch 2 for detecting the height that material bag pile is folded and then carrying out control code height of embankment degree, 1 top of rack is equipped with supporting rack 3, Supporting rack 3 not only saves material, but also integral firmness is good also for frame-type structure, and 3 top of supporting rack sets that there are two along rack First sliding rail 4 of left and right directions arrangement, slidable fit has a roller conveyor 5 on two the first sliding rails, and roller conveyor 5 is along rack Front-rear direction transmits material bag, and roller conveyor front end is equipped with material bag photoelectric sensor 6, and supporting rack 3 is equipped with driving idler wheel conveying The first driving mechanism that machine is slided along the first sliding rail, supporting framing front end bottom are equipped with and drive the feeding plate 7 that material bag is overturn forward, when Material bag to move ahead gradually leave roller conveyor when, material bag one end lets droop under gravity to be dropped down onto on feeding plate, material bag The other end simultaneously rolls forward under the action of inertia forward, then drops down onto and stacking is carried out in swiveling lifting platform.It is set on rear side of rack There is climbing conveyer 8, the top of climbing conveyer is connected with roller conveyor and then material bag is delivered on roller conveyor, rises Rotating platform, material bag limiting photoelectric switch, roller conveyor, material bag photoelectric sensor, the first driving mechanism, climbing conveyer drop It controls and connects with PLC controller.
The second sliding rail 9 that supporting rack 3 is arranged by two along rack front-rear direction is slidably mounted in rack 1, wherein the Two sliding rails are fixed in rack, and supporting rack is slidedly assemblied on two the second sliding rails, and rack is equipped with driving supporting rack along second The second driving mechanism that sliding rail slides, the second driving mechanism can drive supporting rack 3 to be moved in the second sliding rail upper edge rack front-rear direction It is dynamic, in this way can pile type requirement of different sizes according to the specification of material bag and stacking, distance that control supporting rack 3 is moved forward and backward and then Come adjust material bag whereabouts position, to meet different demands.
Two vertical guides 10 that are vertically arranged of the swiveling lifting platform including being separately positioned on rack front end both sides, two The sliding block 11 that vertically guide rail slides is mounted in vertical guide, the water extended in front of oriented rack is fixed between two sliding blocks Flat support plate 12 is equipped with rotating platform on horizontal supporting plate 12, is fixed with that two sliding blocks is driven vertically to lead in rack The third driving mechanism that rail slides, third driving mechanism are connected with PLC controller control, and third driving mechanism can drive sliding block edge Vertical guide slides up and down and then come the height that adjusts horizontal supporting plate 12 and rotating platform, can ensure that in this way when material bag falls with The distance between rotating platform is consistent, it is ensured that material bag whereabouts pile folds regular unification.
As shown in figure 3, rotating platform includes the supporting plate 13 being arranged on horizontal supporting plate, wherein on the top of horizontal supporting plate Spring bearing 14 is fixed on face, shaft 15 is rotatably equipped in spring bearing, shaft top is fixed with locating piece 16, supporting plate 13 Center is equipped with the locating slot engaged with locating piece, supporting plate 13 can be driven to rotate by locating piece 16 and locating slot when shaft rotates, The rotation gear 18 of coaxial rotating is fixed on the top peripheral wall of shaft, the second servo motor is fixed on horizontal supporting plate 19, the drive gear 20 being meshed with rotation gear, the second servo motor and PLC are fixed on the output shaft of the second servo motor Controller control connection, the second servo motor 19 by drive gear 20 and rotation gear 18 can drive shaft rotation and then drive Supporting plate 13 rotates.
Third driving mechanism includes being respectively fixed on the machine frame two lifting hydraulic cylinders 21 below sliding block, raise-lower hydraulic The cylinder body of cylinder is fixed in rack, and the tailpiece of the piston rod of lifting hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with sliding block 11, and lifting hydraulic cylinder is by hydraulic station Driving, the control of lifting hydraulic cylinder and PLC controller connect, and band movable slider is vertically moved down on guide rail 10 when lifting hydraulic cylinder is flexible Dynamic and then drive horizontal supporting plate 12 and rotating platform move up and down.
First driving mechanism includes being mounted on supporting rack and along the synchronous belt 22 that rack left and right directions rotates, on supporting rack First servo motor 23 of driving synchronous belt rotation is installed, roller conveyor is connected with synchronous belt, the first servo motor and PLC Controller control connection, the first servo motor 23 driving synchronous belt 22 rotate and then drive roller conveyor left and right on supporting rack It is mobile.
Second driving mechanism includes the horizontal stroke for being fixed on rack rear end and telescopic direction is parallel with the second sliding rail length direction To cylinder 24, the cylinder body of lateral cylinder 24 is fixedly connected with rack, the tailpiece of the piston rod of lateral cylinder be fixedly connected with supporting rack into And supporting rack can be driven to be slided along the second sliding rail, lateral cylinder is connected with PLC controller control, can be according to the specification size of material bag Different and stacking pile type requirement, control supporting rack 3 are moved forward and backward and then to adjust the position that material bag falls.
Supporting framing front end is equipped between roller conveyor and feeding plate with acclive slide plate 17, causes material bag from rolling Wheel conveyer falls steadily when entering on feeding plate, will not fall backward.
When the utility model is specifically used, the material bag equipped with material is placed on the conveyer belt of climbing conveyer first, So that material bag is entered by climbing conveyer on roller conveyor, material bag enters after roller conveyor with the rotation of roller conveyor Continuation is advanced forward, and after material bag photoelectric sensor senses material bag, roller conveyor stops operating, and is required according to stacking, rolling Wheel conveyer moves left and right under the drive of the first servo motor, so as to which material bag thereon be driven to move left and right, roller conveyor After moving left and right in place, roller conveyor starts running, and material bag thereon is driven to advance forward, until material bag leaves idler wheel conveying Machine, during gradually roller conveyor is left, one end of material bag hangs downwards material bag under gravity, drops down onto lower section Feeding plate on, the other end of material bag rolls forward under the action of inertia forward, drops down onto and stacking is carried out on supporting plate.
According to stacking require difference, can by PLC controller control roller conveyor move left and right and supporting plate above and below The height of lifting, for example be made of per layered material pile two rows of material buttress, it is made of per discharge pile three material bags side by side, carries out it first In row's stacking, the left side of first material bag against supporting plate one end carries out stacking during stacking, and second material bag is against supporting plate one end The right carry out stacking, third material bag pile is among first material bag and second material bag, during specific works, material bag light inductance After device is answered to sense the first material bag, signal is transmitted to PLC controller, PLC controller control roller conveyor stops operating, then PLC controller controls the work of the first servo motor 23 that roller conveyor is driven to run to the left end of supporting rack, then PLC controller Control roller conveyor starts running, and the first material bag is driven to advance forward so that the first material bag drops down onto the left side of supporting plate one end, so The second material bag is entered by climbing conveyer on roller conveyor afterwards, after material bag photoelectric sensor senses the second material bag, will be believed PLC controller number is transmitted to, PLC controller control roller conveyor stops operating, PLC controller control 23 work of the first servo motor Make that roller conveyor is driven to run to the right end of supporting rack, then PLC controller control roller conveyor starts running, and drives the One material bag is advanced forward so that the first material bag drops down onto the right of supporting plate one end, and then third material bag is entered by climbing conveyer On roller conveyor, the roller conveyor of PLC controller control at this time remains in operation so that third material bag, which continues to advance forward, to be dropped down onto Among first material bag and second material bag, the palletizing operation of a discharge pile is completed at this time, and then PLC controller control second is watched Taking the work of motor 19 drives supporting plate 13 to rotate 180 degree, continues the stacking work of another discharge pile, and then completes this layered material pile Stacking work.It is steadily regular when falling into supporting plate in order to ensure material bag, when just having proceeded by stacking, between supporting plate and feeding plate Apart from closer, with the increase of the number of plies, PLC controls lifting hydraulic cylinder 21 is gradually retracted so that supporting plate is gradually reduced so that expecting Height of embankment degree reaches requirement, when material buttress most reaches material bag limiting photoelectric switch position 2 to point, material bag limiting photoelectric switch position 2 Signal is transmitted to PLC controller, PLC controller control climbing conveyer and roller conveyor are stopped, and then pass through fork truck Or other equipment moves away this material buttress, then places new supporting plate, to carry out the stacking of next material buttress work.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of stacking machine, including rack and PLC controller, it is characterised in that:Swiveling lifting platform is equipped on front side of the rack, Rack upper front end is equipped with material bag limiting photoelectric switch, and rack top is equipped with supporting rack, and supporting rack top sets that there are two along rack First sliding rail of left and right directions arrangement, slidable fit has idler wheel conveying transmit along rack front-rear direction on two the first sliding rails Machine, roller conveyor front end are equipped with material bag photoelectric sensor, and supporting rack is equipped with driving roller conveyor and is slided along the first sliding rail The first driving mechanism, supporting framing front end bottom is equipped with feeding plate, climbing conveyer, the top of climbing conveyer is equipped on rear side of rack End is connected with roller conveyor, the swiveling lifting platform, material bag limiting photoelectric switch, roller conveyor, material bag optoelectronic induction Device, the first driving mechanism, climbing conveyer are controlled with PLC controller and are connected.
2. stacking machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Support frame as described above is by two along rack front-rear direction cloth The second sliding rail put is slidably mounted in rack, wherein the second sliding rail is fixed in rack, supporting rack is slidedly assemblied in two On two sliding rails, rack is equipped with the second driving mechanism that driving supporting rack is slided along the second sliding rail, and the second driving mechanism is controlled with PLC Device control connection processed.
3. stacking machine according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The swiveling lifting platform includes being separately positioned on Two vertical guides being vertically arranged of rack front end both sides are mounted on the cunning that vertically guide rail slides in two vertical guides Block fixes the horizontal supporting plate extended in front of oriented rack between two sliding blocks, rotating platform, machine is equipped on horizontal supporting plate It is fixed on frame for driving two sliding blocks third driving mechanism that vertically guide rail slides, third driving mechanism is controlled with PLC Device control connection.
4. stacking machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The rotating platform includes being arranged on horizontal supporting plate Supporting plate, wherein being fixed with spring bearing on the top surface of horizontal supporting plate, shaft, shaft top are rotatably equipped in spring bearing End is fixed with locating piece, and supporting plate center is equipped with the locating slot engaged with locating piece, is fixed on the top peripheral wall of shaft coaxial The rotation gear of rotation is fixed with the second servo motor on horizontal supporting plate, be fixed on the output shaft of the second servo motor with The drive gear that rotation gear is meshed, the second servo motor are connected with PLC controller control.
5. stacking machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The third driving mechanism includes being separately fixed at rack On two lifting hydraulic cylinders below sliding block, the cylinder body of lifting hydraulic cylinder is fixed in rack, the piston rod of lifting hydraulic cylinder End is fixedly connected with a slide block, and lifting hydraulic cylinder is driven by hydraulic station, and lifting hydraulic cylinder is connected with PLC controller control.
6. stacking machine according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:First driving mechanism includes being mounted on support On frame and along the synchronous belt that rack left and right directions rotates, the first servo motor of driving synchronous belt rotation is installed on supporting rack, The roller conveyor is connected with synchronous belt, and the first servo motor is connected with PLC controller control.
7. stacking machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Second driving mechanism includes being fixed on rack rear end And the lateral cylinder that telescopic direction is parallel with the second sliding rail length direction, the cylinder body of lateral cylinder are fixedly connected with rack, it is horizontal It is fixedly connected to the tailpiece of the piston rod of cylinder with supporting rack, lateral cylinder is connected with PLC controller control.
8. stacking machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Support frame as described above front end is in roller conveyor and feeding plate Between be equipped with acclive slide plate.
CN201721678045.XU 2017-12-06 2017-12-06 A kind of stacking machine Expired - Fee Related CN207511455U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721678045.XU CN207511455U (en) 2017-12-06 2017-12-06 A kind of stacking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721678045.XU CN207511455U (en) 2017-12-06 2017-12-06 A kind of stacking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207511455U true CN207511455U (en) 2018-06-19

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721678045.XU Expired - Fee Related CN207511455U (en) 2017-12-06 2017-12-06 A kind of stacking machine

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CN (1) CN207511455U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108715353A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-10-30 泰安腾阳通用设备有限公司 A kind of application method of de-stacking material folding fixture, de-stacking device and de-stacking device
CN109110509A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-01-01 东莞市达林自动化科技有限公司 A kind of TV backboard corner brace automatic installation apparatus
CN110271870A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-24 广东通威饲料有限公司 A kind of feed stacking device and method
CN110817395A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-02-21 温州大学瓯江学院 Material conveying structure for machining of mechanical plates

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108715353A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-10-30 泰安腾阳通用设备有限公司 A kind of application method of de-stacking material folding fixture, de-stacking device and de-stacking device
CN109110509A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-01-01 东莞市达林自动化科技有限公司 A kind of TV backboard corner brace automatic installation apparatus
CN109110509B (en) * 2018-09-07 2023-09-08 东莞市达林自动化科技有限公司 Automatic installation equipment for television backboard corner connector
CN110271870A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-24 广东通威饲料有限公司 A kind of feed stacking device and method
CN110817395A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-02-21 温州大学瓯江学院 Material conveying structure for machining of mechanical plates
CN110817395B (en) * 2019-11-08 2021-02-09 温州大学瓯江学院 Material conveying structure for machining of mechanical plates

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180619

Termination date: 20181206