CN206015604U - A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment - Google Patents

A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206015604U
CN206015604U CN201620961920.4U CN201620961920U CN206015604U CN 206015604 U CN206015604 U CN 206015604U CN 201620961920 U CN201620961920 U CN 201620961920U CN 206015604 U CN206015604 U CN 206015604U
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ecological revetment
building block
spud pile
ecological
row
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高彦波
郭宏凯
王婉清
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Beijing Shun Landscape Garden Ltd By Share Ltd
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Beijing Shun Landscape Garden Ltd By Share Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/60Ecological corridors or buffer zones

Abstract

A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment includes that multiple ecological revetment building blocks and corresponding multiple spud piles, the ecological revetment building block are provided with plant growing groove;The ecological revetment building block is externally connected to fixing groove, and the ecological revetment building block is fixed on the spud pile by the fixing groove;The spud pile is lined up several rows and is fixed on riverbank, and multiple rows of spud pile is fixed on the ecological revetment building block on the riverbank with the combining form of height stacked arrangement along riverbank height;Described in adjacent two row, between spud pile, Heterogeneous Permutation is arranged.This utility model directly arranges stacking by spud pile and levels, aids in the supporting role of boulder bed, realizes integrally-built firm, stable, not only Stability Analysis of Structures, construction convenient quickly, and reduces building consumptive material;This utility model plant growing groove is completely exposed, plant illumination fully and monomer building block plant growing slot space big.

Description

A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment
Technical field
This utility model is related to river regulation technical field, more particularly, to a kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment. This utility model is related to a kind of shore protection, more specifically, it relates to a kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment.
Background technology
Shore protection is Urban Waterfront aquatic ecosystem carry out that material, energy, information are exchanged with terrestrial ecosystems one Individual important intermediate zone, can provide the space of existence and procreation for various aquatiles, while to improving bio-diversity, administering water Native losss, stable banks, regulation micro climate and beautify the environment, carry out tourist activity and have important realistic meaning.
Before this utility model, existing channel revetment technology has natural style bank protection, flinty slope and ecological slope protection:
Natural style bank protection is planted on the ramp in river course, is allowed to protect river course bank slope using the plant of well developed root system, Meet ecological environment needs, keep natural landscape effect.But this natural style bank protection mode has the defect of stability difference, easily Zanjon is formed by rain drop erosion and causes soil erosion, long period of soaking is under water or flow velocity of river is excessive can affect its stability, And it is limited to entering the pollutant quality retention purification in river course with face source form.
Flinty slope is using grouting or placed rockfill, cast-in-place concrete, precast concrete block etc. are carried out to river course bank slope Protection.These structures are for keeping bank stability, prevent erosion and ensure that flood control safety has preferable effect, but also exist Harmful effect is generated to the ecology of bank slope, environment and landscape in varying degrees:Its hard material and enclosed construction destroy river Road land inland water ecotone so that shore bank biology habitat loss, animals and plants are difficult to here existence procreation, heavy damage two packing spaces Property, the self-purification capacity degradation of river water body is caused, and the polluter that river course is entered with face source form is difficult to clean off, and Its smooth and apparent landscape effect for having had a strong impact on river course of dullness.
Ecological slope protection is the more universal shore protection technology that uses at present, common as adopted concrete plantation framework, soil The solid soil species phytyl of work Material cladding planting matrix, wire gauze and rubble aggregate species phytyl, earth working material, vegetation type eco-concrete, Cement ecological planting matrix and soil-solidified-agent etc. carry out bank protection to river course bank slope, have better effects to stable bank slope structure and make Bank slope landscape has obtained certain improvement.
But ecological revetment there is also some shortcomings, complex as ecological revetment building block structure, firmness degree is not And conventional rigid shore protection;Limited for meeting the plant growing slot space provided by plant growing, and upper strata building block built to lower floor The growth of block plant has eclipse phenomena;The ecology corridor provided for animal, microorganism is not connective good, have impact on ecological corridor Road is for the defencive function of ecological diversity.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to design a kind of new colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment, solves above-mentioned asking Topic.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment, including multiple ecological revetment building blocks and corresponding multiple spud piles, The ecological revetment building block is provided with plant growing groove;The ecological revetment building block is externally connected to fixing groove, the ecology Building blocks for bank protection is fixed on the spud pile by the fixing groove;The spud pile is lined up several rows and is fixed on riverbank, multiple rows of The ecological revetment building block is fixed on the riverbank along riverbank height with the combining form of height stacked arrangement by the spud pile On;Described in adjacent two row, between spud pile, Heterogeneous Permutation is arranged.
Preferably, boulder bed is equipped between the ecological revetment building block and the riverbank.
Preferably, the boulder bed is made up of the globoid cobble of 3-5cm.
Preferably, fixed pedestal is provided with ecological revetment building block bottom described in first row, the fixed pedestal and spud pile Together the ecological revetment building block is fixed in the horizontal direction.
Preferably, after the front end of the ecological revetment building block of second row rides over the ecological revetment building block of first row End, the like.
Preferably, the ecological revetment building block is in vertical long cube structure, arranges free on the ecological revetment building block The plant growing groove of the heart.
Preferably, the plant growing groove is arranged on the middle and upper part of the ecological revetment building block.
A kind of method for building colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment is as follows including step:
First, multiple rows of rectangle spud pile is squeezed on construction River Bank-Line, the spud pile of each row is spaced substantially equidistant, phase Gauge is from the length less than two ecological revetment building blocks;
Second, during construction, from nearly water side onshore, avris is constructed by row, arranges fixed pedestal on the spud pile of one row of nearly water, The horizontal level of fixed pedestal is higher than ordinary water level;Nearly water one applies man-hour, and the fixing groove on the ecological revetment building block passes through institute Spud pile is stated, the fixed pedestal holds up and fixes the ecological revetment building block;
3rd, after ecological revetment building block described in nearly water first row is installed, start to build ecological revetment described in second row Block is installed, and the fixing groove of the ecological revetment building block is passed through the spud pile, the ecological revetment of second row equally The front end of building block rides over the rear end of the ecological revetment building block of first row;
4th, after ecological revetment building block installation described in second row, fill out under ecological revetment building block described in second row Cobble is filled, boulder bed is formed;
5th, by that analogy, hereafter the ecological revetment building block of each row is all by fixing groove and previous row Ecological revetment building block support triangular in shape jointly, then solid in the ecological revetment building block supported underneath by the boulder bed Fixed.
Preferably, the construction time should select during the discharge of river is relatively low or manual control river water level to construction line with Under.
Preferably, in first, the spud pile is the pile body of Masson Pine timber or other sturdy materials, and each row's is described Spud pile standoff distance is about 40-50cm;
In 4th, after ecological revetment building block installation described in second row, under ecological revetment building block described in second row The spheroid cobble of filling 3-5cm particle diameters forms the boulder bed.
This utility model has carried out research in addition for the deficiency that all kinds shore protection described in background technology is present Improve, disclosing one kind can make ecological revetment stablize attractive in appearance, luxuriant growth, provide spawning ground of taking refuge for animal microorganism Institute, the colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment of abatement riverbank pollution of area source and construction method.
The beneficial effects of the utility model can be summarized as follows:
1. ecological revetment building block of the present utility model is different from the shore protection construction method of conventional stack, but by fixing Stake and levels directly arrange stacking, aid in the supporting role of boulder bed, realize integrally-built firm, stably, not only Stability Analysis of Structures, convenient quickly of constructing, and reduce building consumptive material;
2. the ecological revetment building block Heterogeneous Permutation of this utility model levels, plant growing groove are completely exposed, it is to avoid pass The phenomenon of lower floor's building block plant growing groove is blocked in common upper strata building block in system ecological revetment, and plant illumination is fully and monomer building block Plant growing slot space big;
3. this utility model below ecological revetment building block, between adjacent two pieces of ecological revetment building blocks and boulder bed sky In gap, be all animals and plants, microorganism provide abundance living space, after microbiologic population is formed, the runoff on bank flows through ovum Rock layers are possible to sufficiently be filtered and purified, and make the ecological revetment have the effect of pollution of area source control concurrently;
4. this utility model boulder bed selects the globoid cobble of 3-5cm particle diameters, the water conservancy diversion that improve riverbank runoff to pass through Ability, farthest ensure that ecological shore protection system cuts down the long-lasting and stability of runoff pollution.
Description of the drawings
Structural representations of the Fig. 1 for this utility model side.
Fig. 2 is the three-dimensional structural representation of this utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of ecological revetment building block in this utility model.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of ecological revetment building block and spud pile connection in this utility model.
Wherein, ecological revetment building block 1, spud pile 2, fixing groove 3, riverbank 4, boulder bed 5, fixed pedestal 6, plant growing groove 7th, embankment 8, water bodies of rivers and lakes 9, fixed dam 10, plant 11.
Specific embodiment
In order that technical problem, technical scheme and beneficial effect that this utility model is solved become more apparent, below In conjunction with drawings and Examples, this utility model is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that described herein be embodied as Example only in order to explain this utility model, is not used to limit this utility model.
A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment as shown in Figures 1 to 4, including multiple ecological revetment building blocks 1 and phase Corresponding multiple spud piles 2, the ecological revetment building block 1 are provided with plant growing groove 7;The outside of the ecological revetment building block 1 Fixing groove 3 is connected with, the ecological revetment building block 1 is fixed on the spud pile 2 by the fixing groove 3;The spud pile 2 Line up several rows to be fixed on riverbank 4, multiple rows of spud pile 2 is along 4 height of riverbank with the combining form of height stacked arrangement by institute State ecological revetment building block 1 to be fixed on the riverbank 4;Described in adjacent two row, between spud pile 2, Heterogeneous Permutation is arranged.
In more preferred embodiment, boulder bed 5 between the ecological revetment building block 1 and the riverbank 4, is equipped with.
In more preferred embodiment, the boulder bed 5 is made up of the globoid cobble of 3-5cm.
In more preferred embodiment, fixed pedestal 6 is provided with 1 bottom of ecological revetment building block described in first row, described The ecological revetment building block 1 is fixed together with spud pile 2 by fixed pedestal 6 in the horizontal direction.
In more preferred embodiment, the front end of the ecological revetment building block 1 of second row rides over the described of first row The rear end of ecological revetment building block 1, the like.
In more preferred embodiment, the ecological revetment building block 1 be in vertical long cube structure, the ecological revetment The hollow plant growing groove 7 is provided with building block 1.
In more preferred embodiment, the plant growing groove 7 is arranged on the middle and upper part of the ecological revetment building block 1.
A kind of method for building colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment is as follows including step:
First, multiple rows of rectangle spud pile 2 is squeezed on construction River Bank-Line, the spud pile 2 of each row is spaced substantially equidistant, Length of the standoff distance less than two ecological revetment building blocks 1;
Second, during construction, from nearly water side onshore, avris is constructed by row, arranges fixed pedestal on the spud pile 2 of one row of nearly water 6, the horizontal level of fixed pedestal 6 is higher than ordinary water level;Nearly water one applies man-hour, and the fixing groove 3 on the ecological revetment building block 1 is worn The spud pile 2 is crossed, the fixed pedestal 6 holds up and the fixation ecological revetment building block 1;
3rd, after ecological revetment building block 1 described in nearly water first row is installed, start to build ecological revetment described in second row Block 1 is installed, and the fixing groove 3 of the ecological revetment building block 1 is passed through the spud pile 2, the ecology of second row equally The front end of building blocks for bank protection 1 rides over the rear end of the ecological revetment building block 1 of first row;
4th, after 1 installation of ecological revetment building block described in second row, under ecological revetment building block described in second row 1 Filling cobble, forms boulder bed 5;
5th, by that analogy, hereafter the ecological revetment building block 1 of each row is all by fixing groove 3 and previous row The support triangular in shape jointly of the ecological revetment building block 1, then by the boulder bed 5 below the ecological revetment building block 1 Support is fixed.
In more preferred embodiment, the construction time should be selected during the discharge of river is relatively low or manual control river course Water level is to below construction line.
In more preferred embodiment, in first, the spud pile 2 is the stake of Masson Pine timber or other sturdy materials Body, 2 standoff distance of the spud pile of each row are about 40-50cm;
In 4th, after 1 installation of ecological revetment building block described in second row, to ecological revetment building block described in second row 1 The spheroid cobble of lower filling 3-5cm particle diameters forms the boulder bed 5.
In certain specific embodiment, ecological revetment building block 1 as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, in vertical long cube structure, is built Block (i.e. ecological revetment building block 1) is internally provided with hollow plant growing groove 7, provides plant growing space after filling planting soil; Building block is externally connected to fixing groove 3, and fixing groove 3 is realized to consolidating on 1 horizontal plane of ecological revetment building block through after spud pile 2 Fixed;
By each spud pile 2 is fixed on (as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2) on riverbank 4 according to certain distance, it is achieved that ecological revetment The space layout of building block 1:By position relationship up and down between two neighboring spud pile 2, with the combination shape of stacked arrangement Formula is fixed on ecological revetment building block 1 on riverbank 4, and between building block layer and riverbank 4, has laid boulder bed 5, play into The stable ecological revetment structure of one step, further purifies the effect of runoff rainwater;
Fixed pedestal 6 is provided with 1 bottom of first row ecological revetment building block, ecological revetment building block 1 is existed together with spud pile 2 Fixed in horizontal direction;1 front end of ecological revetment building block of second row will ride over the ecological revetment rear end of first row, i.e., from second row Start each building block by previous row's building block and spud pile 2,5 common support of boulder bed;
What the boulder bed 5 was selected is the globoid cobble of 3-5cm, can either play the support to ecological revetment building block 1 Effect, while the cobble structural void rate of spheroid is big, be conducive to runoff water conservancy diversion, it is to avoid boulder bed 5 is blocked, in addition the shape of spheroid Shape is also beneficial to the growth of animal or microbiologic population, can the long-acting effect for playing runoff pollution abatement.
1. the construction time should be selected during the discharge of river is relatively low;
2. multiple rows of rectangle spud pile 2 is squeezed on construction River Bank-Line (can adopt Masson Pine timber, it is also possible to new with other The firm material of type replaces timber piling), the spud pile 2 of each row is spaced substantially equidistant, and standoff distance is about 45cm, and (distance is less than The length of two ecological revetment building blocks 1, each 1 length of ecological revetment building block are 30cm);
3. constructed by row from nearly water side onshore avris from outside to inside when constructing, be provided with the spud pile 2 of one row of nearly water Fixed pedestal 6, the horizontal level of fixed pedestal 6 are slightly above ordinary water level;Nearly water one applies man-hour, consolidating on ecological revetment building block 1 Groove 3 is determined through spud pile 2, fixed pedestal 6 holds up ecological revetment building block 1, plays fixation;
4., after nearly water first row ecological revetment building block 1 is installed, start second row ecological block is installed, equally The fixing groove 3 of ecological revetment building block 1 is passed through spud pile 2,1 front end of ecological revetment building block of second row will ride over the life of first row State shore protection rear end, so that serve fixed effect in structure;
5. after 1 installation of second row ecological revetment building block, to 1 time filling 3-5cm grain of second row ecological revetment building block The spheroid cobble in footpath, can either play the supporting role to ecological revetment building block 1, while the cobble structural void rate of spheroid is big, Be conducive to the growth of animal or microbiologic population.
6. by that analogy, hereafter 1 monomer of ecological revetment building block of each row is all by below fixing groove 3 and previous row The support triangular in shape jointly of ecological revetment building block 1, then fixed in 1 supported underneath of ecological revetment building block by boulder bed 5, realized whole Body structure firm, stable.
This utility model, but those skilled in the art are described in detail above by specific and preferred embodiment It should be understood that this utility model is not limited to embodiment described above, all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, institute Any modification of work, equivalent etc., should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment, it is characterised in that:Including multiple ecological revetment building blocks and corresponding many Individual spud pile, the ecological revetment building block are provided with plant growing groove;The ecological revetment building block is externally connected to fixing groove, The ecological revetment building block is fixed on the spud pile by the fixing groove;The spud pile is lined up several rows and is fixed on riverbank On, the ecological revetment building block is fixed on institute along riverbank height with the combining form of height stacked arrangement by multiple rows of spud pile State on riverbank;Described in adjacent two row, between spud pile, Heterogeneous Permutation is arranged.
2. colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ecological revetment building block with Boulder bed is equipped between the riverbank.
3. colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The boulder bed is by 3-5cm Globoid cobble constitute.
4. colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In ecological shield described in first row Bank building block bottom is provided with fixed pedestal, the fixed pedestal together with spud pile by the ecological revetment building block in the horizontal direction Fixed.
5. colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The described ecological shield of second row The front end of bank building block rides over the rear end of the ecological revetment building block of first row, the like.
6. colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ecological revetment building block is in Vertical long cube structure, is provided with the hollow plant growing groove on the ecological revetment building block.
7. colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The plant growing groove is arranged Middle and upper part in the ecological revetment building block.
CN201620961920.4U 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment Active CN206015604U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106120651A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-16 北京顺景园林有限公司 A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment and construction method thereof
CN108867549A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-23 河海大学 A kind of assembled ecological purification tube seat and its installation method using river levee slope
CN109457662A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-03-12 河海大学 A kind of riverbank purification tank installation method having ecological slope protection and water quality purification function concurrently

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106120651A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-16 北京顺景园林有限公司 A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment and construction method thereof
CN108867549A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-23 河海大学 A kind of assembled ecological purification tube seat and its installation method using river levee slope
CN108867549B (en) * 2018-06-28 2021-03-16 河海大学 Assembled ecological purification pipe trough utilizing river embankment slope and installation method thereof
CN109457662A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-03-12 河海大学 A kind of riverbank purification tank installation method having ecological slope protection and water quality purification function concurrently

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