CN103061310B - Ecological habitat revetment - Google Patents

Ecological habitat revetment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103061310B
CN103061310B CN201210484150.5A CN201210484150A CN103061310B CN 103061310 B CN103061310 B CN 103061310B CN 201210484150 A CN201210484150 A CN 201210484150A CN 103061310 B CN103061310 B CN 103061310B
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China
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block stone
ecology
layer
ecological habitat
shore protection
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CN201210484150.5A
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CN103061310A (en
Inventor
1王哲
周阳敏
唐轶繁
许四法
王哲
蒋帅华
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/40Protecting water resources
    • Y02A20/402River restoration

Abstract

Disclosed is a novel ecological habitat revetment. The novel ecological habitat revetment comprises a gravity type retaining wall, the gravity type retaining wall is built by grouted building blocks, a water communicating pipe for being communicated with inner and outer water bodies is arranged on the gravity type retaining wall, the revetment further comprises an ecological habitat area, the front portion of the ecological habitat area is connected with the gravity type retaining wall, a geomembrane is arranged at the rear of the ecological habitat area, the ecological habitat area is built by rock blocks layer by layer, the water communicating pipe is connected with a cavity layer of the ecological habitat area, cavities are reserved between adjacent rock blocks in the cavity layer, adjacent rock blocks on upper and lower layers which are adjacent to the cavity layer are tightly connected, each corner of the rock blocks on the upper layer is built on rock blocks of the cavity layer, wood boxes without top covers are placed in the cavities, and the wood boxes are contacted with the rock blocks. By means of the novel ecological habitat revetment, an ecological revetment mode of building a section of ecological habitat in a grouted building block protective section is achieved, and the problem of poor ecological performances in prior revetments is well solved.

Description

Ecological habitat shore protection
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shore protection form, especially a kind of shore protection form with ecological habitat.
Background technology
Traditional stone masonry shore protection is the common type of the bank slope protections such as river course, navigation channel, lake, reservoir, and this shore protection form outward appearance is neat, and gear soil and flood control effect better, are suitable for the shore protection that land-based area width is less.But because this shore protection mode destroys the basis that riverbank vegetation and biology depend on for existence, intercept, hinder the animals such as fish, crab, frog perch procreation, also cannot planting aquatic plants under water, cannot be formed by the good ecological environment of waters to land-based area.On the other hand, it is narrow that many Urban River Restorations face river course, and two sides, river course building is intensive, widens river course limited, the shore protection form in whole section of river course to change natural type ecological revetment difficulty into larger.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the problem of existing stone masonry shore protection form ecological property weak effect, the invention provides a kind of novel ecological habitat shore protection, achieve the ecological revetment form just having one section of ecological habitat in a stone masonry section of protecting, solve the problem of original ecological property difference well.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of novel ecological habitat shore protection, comprise Gravity Retaining Wall, described Gravity Retaining Wall forms by starching concrete block masonry, described Gravity Retaining Wall is arranged the water service pipe being communicated with inside and outside water body, described shore protection also comprises ecology and perches district, the front portion that described ecology perches district is connected with described Gravity Retaining Wall, and geomembrane is arranged at the rear portion that described ecology perches district; Described ecology is perched district and is built by laying bricks or stones by block stone layer floor and form, the empty layer that water service pipe and described ecology perch region layer connects, cavity is left between adjacent block stone in described empty layer, the adjacent block stone compact siro spinning technology of the levels adjacent with this layer, and block is taken on the block stone of this empty layer in each angle of upper strata block stone, place half-headed wooden case in described cavity, described wooden case contacts with block stone.
Further, the adjacent block stone compact siro spinning technology of odd-level from top to bottom, leave cavity between the adjacent block stone of even level, described water service pipe is communicated with described even level.Which is a kind of optional mode just, also can adopt other mode.
Compact siro spinning technology between the adjacent block stone of described geomembrane contact.
Contact with described geomembrane at least two arrange compact siro spinning technology between block stone, compact siro spinning technology between adjacent block stone in often arranging.
Further, described geomembrane and ecology perch district bottom surface between angle be less than 60 °.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is mainly manifested in: barricade is resisted wave current and washed away, and effectively avoids wave current washing away bank slope inside barricade, has good shore protection effect; Ecology is perched district and is contained a large amount of cavity, can provide shelter and condition of building a nest, reduce flow velocity, provide living space, shielded from sunlight, provide passage, contribute to the formation of food chain; Water plant can grow in cavity, and plant as biological nutriment, can realize the ecology of shore protection, recovers the natural ecosystem of bank slope.The utility model is suitable for the bank protection work of river course, navigation channel, reservoir.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the profile of ecological habitat shore protection.
Fig. 2 is the front view of ecological habitat shore protection.
Fig. 3 is the top view of ecological habitat shore protection.
In figure: 1, water plant; 2, geomembrane; 3, cavity; 4, wooden case; 5, plant on the bank; 6, steel concrete; 7, block stone; 8, water service pipe; 9, block is grouted.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.
With reference to Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, a kind of novel ecological habitat shore protection, comprise Gravity Retaining Wall, described Gravity Retaining Wall is built by laying bricks or stones form by being grouted block 9, described Gravity Retaining Wall is arranged the water service pipe 8 being communicated with inside and outside water body, described shore protection also comprises ecology and perches district, and the front portion that described ecology perches district is connected with described Gravity Retaining Wall, and geomembrane 2 is arranged at the rear portion that described ecology perches district; Described ecology is perched district and is built by laying bricks or stones layer by layer by block stone 7 and form, the empty layer that water service pipe 8 and described ecology perch region layer connects, cavity 3 is left between adjacent block stone in described empty layer, the adjacent block stone compact siro spinning technology of the levels adjacent with this layer, and block is taken on the block stone of this empty layer in each angle of upper strata block stone, place half-headed wooden case 4 in described empty 3, described wooden case 4 contacts with block stone.
The adjacent block stone compact siro spinning technology of odd-level from top to bottom, leave cavity between the adjacent block stone of even level, described water service pipe is communicated with described even level.Which is a kind of optional mode just, also can adopt other mode.
Compact siro spinning technology between the adjacent block stone contacted with described geomembrane.
Contact with described geomembrane at least two arrange compact siro spinning technology between block stone, compact siro spinning technology between adjacent block stone in often arranging.
Further, described geomembrane and ecology perch district bottom surface between angle be less than 60 °.
In the present embodiment, arrange an ecological habitat shore protection greatly about the stone masonry shore protection section every 100m, this ecological habitat shore protection is perched district's two parts by Gravity Retaining Wall, ecology and is formed.
(1) Gravity Retaining Wall is formed by cemented rock, and stone-laying must adopt paving slurry processes to build by laying bricks or stones, and when building by laying bricks or stones, stone should layering be sleeping builds, the upper and lower fissure of displacement, inside and outside take block.Its block stone preferably takes upper and lower surface roughly smooth and parallel, and without wedge angle, featheredge, block is thick should be greater than 20cm.Barricade arranges water service pipe and links up inside and outside water body, water service pipe diameter is not more than 15cm.At the bottom of orlop water service pipe, absolute altitude is not higher than design lowest stage.
(2) ecology is perched block stone in district and is adopted mortar to be built into, and at one deck block stone that the plane place, place of each water service pipe arranges, must leave cavity, keep through, empty different sizes between cavity between this one deck block stone, allows a greater variety of animal use to facilitate.Closely should build by laying bricks or stones with the levels block stone be close to containing empty layer, hole of not leaving a blank, when building by laying bricks or stones, block must be taken in each angle of upper strata block stone and leaving on the block stone of empty layer below, to keep overall structure stability.Voidage account for that ecology perches district 10%.Other layer of block stone is when building by laying bricks or stones, and the suitable layering of stone is sleeping builds, and the upper and lower fissure of displacement, closely builds by laying bricks or stones.
Choose suitable cavity and place half-headed wooden case, wooden case must contact with stone-laying, and to make, wooden case is unlikely in water topples over or overturned by stormy waves, and the volume of wooden case must be less than cavity, places Nutrition Soil and water plant in wooden case.
Can not leave space or hole between a row or several rows block stone contacted with geomembrane, prevent hole and geomembrane directly through, in order to avoid destroy geomembrane to cause soil erosion, concrete row is determined by designer.Perch between district's masonry and the backfill soil body in ecology and arrange geomembrane, the ply stacking angle of geomembrane is less than 60 ° (this angle is geomembrane perches the bottom surface in district angle relative to ecology).
First certain earth volume is first dug according to design size when building ecological habitat shore protection, that then builds Gravity Retaining Wall by laying bricks or stones with mortar grouts block 9, Gravity Retaining Wall arranges water service pipe 8 by 0.5 × 0.5m interval, and then continue to use sand cemented rock, water service pipe diameter is not more than 15cm.Then build with mortar the block stone 7 that ecology perches district by laying bricks or stones, first build the block stone in bottommost water service pipe place planar underside by laying bricks or stones, building method adopts traditional block method, does not leave cavity between block stone.Then the block stone of water service pipe place layer is built by laying bricks or stones, must containing cavity 3 between this one deck block stone, empty different sizes, is staggeredly placed, and keeps through between cavity.During the upper strata stone block building be close to cavity, each angle of block stone must be taken on block block stone below, with holding structure stability, closely build by laying bricks or stones between block stone.Other stone block building is built by laying bricks or stones with reference to said method.Some cavities are placed wooden case 4, and planting in wooden case has water plant 1, and wooden case must contact with block stone, ensures that wooden case is fixed.Then on the stone puzzled, lay geomembrane 2, then layered backfill, lift height is 0.3 ~ 0.4m.Gravity Retaining Wall is laid C25 steel concrete 6 bear down on one, perch top, district in ecology and spread backfill, backfill is planted plant 5 on the bank.

Claims (5)

1. a novel ecological habitat shore protection, comprise Gravity Retaining Wall, described Gravity Retaining Wall forms by starching concrete block masonry, it is characterized in that: the water service pipe described Gravity Retaining Wall being arranged be communicated with inside and outside water body, described shore protection also comprises ecology and perches district, the front portion that described ecology perches district is connected with described Gravity Retaining Wall, and geomembrane is arranged at the rear portion that described ecology perches district; Described ecology is perched district and is built by laying bricks or stones by block stone layer floor and form, the empty layer that water service pipe and described ecology perch region layer connects, cavity is left between adjacent block stone in described empty layer, the adjacent block stone compact siro spinning technology of the levels adjacent with this layer, and block is taken on the block stone of this empty layer in each angle of upper strata block stone, place half-headed wooden case in described cavity, described wooden case contacts with block stone.
2. novel ecological habitat as claimed in claim 1 shore protection, is characterized in that: the adjacent block stone compact siro spinning technology of odd-level from top to bottom, leave cavity between the adjacent block stone of even level, described water service pipe is communicated with described even level.
3. novel ecological habitat as claimed in claim 1 or 2 shore protection, is characterized in that: compact siro spinning technology between the adjacent block stone contacted with described geomembrane.
4. novel ecological habitat as claimed in claim 1 or 2 shore protection, is characterized in that: contact with described geomembrane at least two arrange compact siro spinning technology between block stone, compact siro spinning technology between adjacent block stone in often arranging.
5. novel ecological habitat as claimed in claim 1 or 2 shore protection, is characterized in that: the angle between the bottom surface that described geomembrane and ecology perch district is less than 60 °.
CN201210484150.5A 2012-11-23 2012-11-23 Ecological habitat revetment Active CN103061310B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103243719B (en) * 2013-05-22 2016-08-03 黄河勘测规划设计有限公司 Use the rock-fill concrete ramp structure of stone masonry template
CN106677124B (en) * 2016-11-30 2019-01-18 上海勘测设计研究院有限公司 Assembled habitat form eco-embankment system and its application method
CN106677125B (en) * 2016-11-30 2019-04-26 上海勘测设计研究院有限公司 Habitat form ecology component and its application method
CN107059776B (en) * 2017-06-20 2019-11-19 嘉兴市锦禹建设工程有限公司 Sloot bank protection structure
CN110318370A (en) * 2019-07-06 2019-10-11 南通市规划设计院有限公司 A kind of ecological revetment and its construction method

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100640763B1 (en) * 2006-07-26 2006-11-01 주식회사 남원건설엔지니어링 Ecological embankment construction for river
CN102322040A (en) * 2011-05-27 2012-01-18 天津大学 Ecotype prefabricated building bock bank revetment
CN203080472U (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-07-24 浙江工业大学 Building block ecological bank protection with habitat

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001073341A (en) * 1999-09-08 2001-03-21 Nannou Concrete Kogyo Kk Construction for revetment slope protection
JP3721041B2 (en) * 2000-03-09 2005-11-30 塩野目ブロック株式会社 Environmental block and construction method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100640763B1 (en) * 2006-07-26 2006-11-01 주식회사 남원건설엔지니어링 Ecological embankment construction for river
CN102322040A (en) * 2011-05-27 2012-01-18 天津大学 Ecotype prefabricated building bock bank revetment
CN203080472U (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-07-24 浙江工业大学 Building block ecological bank protection with habitat

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