CN107524116A - A kind of method of river course rigidity revetment ecology - Google Patents

A kind of method of river course rigidity revetment ecology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107524116A
CN107524116A CN201710735850.XA CN201710735850A CN107524116A CN 107524116 A CN107524116 A CN 107524116A CN 201710735850 A CN201710735850 A CN 201710735850A CN 107524116 A CN107524116 A CN 107524116A
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China
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plant
river course
bank
ecology
parts
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CN201710735850.XA
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CN107524116B (en
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应海增
储成兴
俞凌峰
郑成进
蔡晓龙
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Ningbo City Eco Construction Group Co Ltd
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Ningbo City Eco Construction Group Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/14Preformed blocks or slabs for forming essentially continuous surfaces; Arrangements thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/12Supports for plants; Trellis for strawberries or the like

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method of river course rigidity revetment ecology, solves the problems, such as that state resets case and is arranged on the daily drainage effect that can weaken river course when on shore protection, its drip irrigation device is to include cleaning;On slope, slope bank section is separated into some cell blocks by bank section by some parting beads of cement masonry;Celluar concrete preparation is carried out, and builds into some celluar concrete hanging plates by laying bricks or stones, liana plant is transplanted on celluar concrete hanging plate;Celluar concrete hanging plate is installed in slope bank section and is located at it between two parting beads of upright bank section junction;Climbing net is set in upright bank section, the end of liana plant is online in climbing by cotton cord colligation;Nutrition Soil is backfilled in cell block, and carries out the plant of draft plant and shrub plant, having reached makes rigidity revetment while ecology, keeps the original drainage effect in river course.

Description

A kind of method of river course rigidity revetment ecology
Technical field
The present invention relates to shore protection reparation, more particularly to a kind of method of river course rigidity revetment ecology.
Background technology
For a long time, various basic hydraulic engineering constructions are to adapt to the activity of the mankind, belong to simple and crude fast mostly Row's formula thought, only consider how to allow flood to arrange faster, it is more unobstructed, therefore original ecological riverway is curved cut-off, the shield in river course Bank structure is also mainly using grouting or placed rockfill shore protection, cast-in-place concrete shore protection, precast concrete block shore protection.This kind of shore protection Engineering has been separated material between river and soil and contacted because its water penetration is poor so that river water storage, the ability of infiltration become Difference.So that various aquatic plant are difficult to grow on hard is domatic, therefore various aquatic animals also lose living environment, reduce The self-purification capacity of water body, heavy damage aquatic ecosystem.
Ecology transformation is carried out to the substantial amounts of concrete revetment that grouts at this stage to this, realizes that shore protection softens ecology, such as Authorization Notice No. protects for a kind of zoology green-recovery system for flinty slope disclosed in CN204098045U patent, including hard Slope, ecological multiple unit tube;The ecological multiple unit tube includes dictyosome, the geotextiles inner bag being placed in dictyosome that can tear conjunction open;The soil Soil and seed are filled with work cloth inner bag;Broken body surface recovery ecological vegetation in hardening is realized by ecological multiple unit tube Effect was both attractive in appearance and ecological.
But this ecology resets case when being arranged on shore protection, can cause to reduce positioned at the distance between shore protection of river course two, So as to cause the water reduced cross-sectional, and then raise the ordinary water level in river course excessively in river course, the daily drainage effect in river course is weakened.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method of river course rigidity revetment ecology, does not change keeping river course ordinary water level On the premise of change, ecology reparation is carried out to the vertical type shore protection in river course, avoids the upright bank section in ecology repair process River closure face reduce, make river course that there is enough drain discharges, make rigidity revetment while ecology, keep river course former Some drainage effects.
The present invention above-mentioned technical purpose technical scheme is that:
A kind of method of river course rigidity revetment ecology, comprises the following steps:
(1) the upright bank section and slope bank section of rigidity revetment are cleared up;
(2) slope bank section is separated into some cell blocks by some parting beads of cement masonry in slope bank section;
(3) celluar concrete preparation is carried out, and builds into some celluar concrete hanging plates by laying bricks or stones, rattan is transplanted on celluar concrete hanging plate This plant;
(4) celluar concrete hanging plate is installed in slope bank section and is located at it between two parting beads of upright bank section junction;
(5) climbing net is set in upright bank section, the end of liana plant is online in climbing by cotton cord colligation;
(6) Nutrition Soil is backfilled in cell block, and carries out the plant of draft plant and shrub plant.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, after domatic cleared up, domatic broken or wearing part can be removed Broken concrete, avoid during construction in later period, because the presence of broken concrete causes parting bead and domatic connection not Firmly;After cleaning, slope bank section is divided into some cell block piecemeals by parting bead to be constructed, the parting bead that cement pours is set Meter, certain dash effect can be played, enable water to soak the plant in individual unit block, but parting bead again can not completely every Water, water remains able to gradually pass through to be oozed under parting bead, avoids cell block inner product dilutional hyponatremia from influenceing the growth of plant, and pass through cell block Design, can play reduce Nutrition Soil be lost in effect;Celluar concrete hanging plate is connected on parting bead, compared to directly general Celluar concrete hanging plate is connected on the surface of vertical type shore protection, and celluar concrete hanging plate does not connect directly with the flowing water section in river course Touch, the reduction in river course flowing water section caused by avoiding the thickness of celluar concrete hanging plate, and then avoid urban river water bit line Rise, meanwhile, by the design of liana plant and climbing frame, liana can be attached to the surface of upright bank section along climbing frame On, upright bank section is realized afforestation effect, climbing frame is designed to play a part of guiding and fixed liana plant, makes to have The poor liana plant of a little climbing abilities can equally be transplanted, simultaneously as the root system of liana plant is arranged on slope bank Duan Shang, when in addition to flood season, do not contacted directly with river, make liana plant ability root system that there is more suitable growth Environment, liana plant is avoided in growth course all the time in flooding or partly flooding state, reduces rotten of liana plant Possibility;The ecology reparation of upright bank section is realized by concrete link plate, liana plant and climbing net;By in unit Nutrition Soil is backfilled in block and transplants draft plant and shrub plant, realizes the ecology reparation of slope bank section, draft plant Can be compared to shrub plant, Gu native speed is fast, and the solid soil of shrub plant, greening and ecology effect are good, pass through draft The solid soil of plant rapid preliminary, reduces shrub plant in growth course, the loss of Nutrition Soil, then strengthens solid soil by shrub plant Effect, realize the Ecological Construction of slope bank section.
Preferably, to elect epipremnum aureum, ivy, winter creeper, Changchun as climing, goldfish rattan for liana plant in the step (3) Two of which is two or more.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, there is liana plant stronger absorption, winding, tendril or hook thorn etc. to climb up by holding on to spy Point, while strong adaptability, growth is fast, cultivation is easy, survives easily, reproduction speed is fast, and its well developed root system, stolon are handed in length and breadth Mistake, it is local easily to form miniclimate, liver moss, lichens etc. is attached to the surface of upright bank section, further improve upright bank The ecology of section concrete, meanwhile, being attached to the liana plant of upright bank section can make current play necessarily washing away for shore protection Cushioning effect;Above-mentioned liana plant has tendril soft, strangles phenomenon caused by avoiding in the mutual winding process of tendril, more Add liana plant corresponding to the florescence selection of liana plant to carry out cooperation plant, upright bank section is all kept normal throughout the year It is green, improve appreciation effect.
Preferably, packing groove is offered on celluar concrete hanging plate in the step (3), filled with battalion in the packing groove Support soil and zeolite molecular sieve.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, packing groove is opened up on celluar concrete hanging plate, by being set in packing groove The mixture of Nutrition Soil and zeolite molecular sieve, the defects of Nutrition Soil can make up celluar concrete hanging plate subalimentation, and zeolite There is substantial amounts of micropore in the surface of molecular sieve, it is possible to increase gas permeability of the Nutrition Soil inside concrete link plate, can both give life The long root system to the liana plant inside packing groove provides enough air, liana plant is preferably grown, can be with For attached growth of microorganisms, microbiologic population's quantity of raising root system part, to form root system Tiny ecosystem.
Preferably, the celluar concrete hanging plate is connected on parting bead by chemical anchor bolts.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, chemical anchor bolts compared to swell fixture, chemical anchor bolts without in concrete or Parting bead internal expansion, and then the destruction to concrete link plate and parting bead is smaller.
Preferably, the climbing net, which is located at below river course normal water bit line, is connected with some bio-film colonizations.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, bio-film colonization is designed to be adhered to for bacterium colony, avoids bacterium colony in water It is flushed away in body flowing, by the attachment of bacterium colony, after liana plant is climbed to waterline, part bacterium colony can be attached to On the blade of liana plant, diversity of organism is improved, meanwhile, liana plant can also be wrapped on bio-film colonization and be given birth to It is long, improve degree of viewing and admiring.
Preferably, the Nutrition Soil is prepared according to following parts by weight:It is 50 parts of river sand, 20 parts of black earth, 20 parts of leaf mould, de- 20 parts of sulphur fresh water mud, 20 parts of rubble, 10 parts of coconut palm chaff, 5 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of ammonium sulfate.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, there is substantial amounts of space as a kind of sand in river sand between river sand, to improve battalion The gas permeability of soil, black earth and a kind of leaf mould clay higher as nutrient content are supported, can be provided for plant strain growth enough Nutrient, desulfurization fresh water mud obtain from river bed, are easy to draw materials, and contain substantial amounts of humus in mud, further improve plant The nutrient of growth, and other soil are mixed by desulfurization fresh water mud, the soil near the composition and riverbank of Nutrition Soil can be made Between part identical element be present, when the later stage needing to supplement soil, can conveniently gather materials on the spot, rubble It is designed to cooperate with river sand, further improves voidage, and the adsorption effect by other soil to rubble, one can be played Fixed solid native effect, in addition to it can provide nutriment, it winds coconut palm chaff with rubble, and the structure improved between rubble is strong Degree, facilitates winding of the root system in growth course, makes the growth of root system and solid native effect more preferable, it is difficult to pull up, ammonium sulfate conduct A kind of acidic fertilizier, in addition to it can play the effect of promotion plant strain growth, additionally it is possible in the concrete segment for neutralizing script The alkaline agent infiltrated, avoid causing plant to be difficult to grow due to crossing alkali suddenly, organic fertilizer of the chicken manure as meta-alkalescence, with Ammonium sulfate is used in conjunction with, and ammonium sulfate can be absorbed to protect by chicken manure and store, and reduce soil redox potential, reduce the nitrification of ammonia, also may be used To reduce the volatilization loss of ammonia element, ammonium sulfate can promote chicken manure further decomposed, improve fertilizer efficiency.
Preferably, the area that the cell block is set is 3 × 3m, the depth of the cell block is set to 30~40cm.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, cell block is too small to cause the engineering time to extend, while hinders drainage effect, single First block, which crosses conference, causes soil erosion excessive;Depth is excessively shallow to cause plant root to be difficult to take root, and depth is too deep, can cause into This rise, the load of former concrete revetment improve, and for the area that cell block is set as 3 × 3m, depth is set to 30~40cm, in the scope It is interior, the engineering time can be reduced as far as possible during soil erosion is reduced, while plant strain growth is influenceed smaller.
Preferably, the draft plant elect as Bermuda grass, rye grass, paspalum notatum, green onion blue, two of which of the tuber of dwarf lilyturf or It is two or more;The shrub plant includes purple willow, cypress.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, above-mentioned draft plant and shrub plant have growth it is vigorous, vitality is vigorous And the characteristics of waterlogging, avoid being died by drowned in flood season plant.
Tied up preferably, the cell block is located above Nutrition Soil covered with iron wire net rack, the side of the iron wire net rack Prick on parting bead, the grid area of the iron wire net rack is arranged to 1 × 1 ㎡.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the design of iron wire net rack, solid native effect can be played in the plant strain growth phase, is avoided There is the situation of soil erosion in growth period in plant due to lacking fixed in Nutrition Soil.
Preferably, covered with cobblestone coating, the cobblestone coating interval on Nutrition Soil in the cell block Filling is within a grid.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, cobblestone plays U.S. when draft plant and shrub plant not yet grow completely Change the effect of river bed, while the effect of solid soil and solid water can be played, reduce transpiration, avoid in the case of Exposure to Sunlight, plant There is burn seedlings phenomenon in strain water shortage.
In summary, the invention has the advantages that:
1st, the ecology rigidity revetment structure is by being arranged on the celluar concrete hanging plate of slope bank section, liana plant, climbing net Upright bank section is afforested, on the premise of river course drain discharge is ensured, ecology transformation is carried out to upright bank section;
2nd, the ecology rigidity revetment structure is by the design of bio-film colonization and climbing net, microorganism during bio-film colonization can supply water Attachment, plays purifying water effect, makes liana plant, climbing net, bio-film colonization micro- one sustainable development of formation of upright bank section The ecosystem, cushioning effect is washed away to upright bank section to the discharge of river;
3rd, the zeolite molecular sieve of the ecology rigidity revetment structure can play water purification, for microorganism growth, the work in raising space With after liana plant is gone out root, root system position can have enough air, while after root system goes out root, liana plant root, attached Second microecosystem can be formed by the microorganism on zeolite molecular sieve and the microorganism in Nutrition Soil, to from slope The water in bank section inflow river course has the effect of water purification filter;
4th, the ecology rigidity revetment structure carries out the plantation of draft plant and shrub plant in the cell block of slope bank section, To enrich the solid soil of slope bank section and ecology, while by the design of iron wire net rack and cobblestone coating, planted in draft Strain and shrub plant be in Seedling Stage and in the case that root system take root not enough depth, can play solid soil and reduce transpiration Effect, reduce soil erosion;
5th, by the preparation of Nutrition Soil, the growth result of selected plant can be lifted, ammonium sulfate fertilizer, energy are added in Nutrition Soil The alkalescence of rigidity revetment neutral and alkali agent is enough neutralized, and then soil is kept the suitable pH of plant strain growth, meanwhile, ammonium sulfate and chicken manure Synergy, can further improve fertilizer efficiency, improve the utilization rate of ammonium sulfate;
6th, the root system of the liana plant of celluar concrete hanging plate being capable of the life into cell block by the hole of celluar concrete hanging plate It is long, and because the Nutrition Soil in packing groove is consistent with the Nutrition Soil in cell block, during can avoiding liana plant strain growth " not acclimatized " phenomenon, by the root system of liana plant and between the root system of draft plant, liana plant in cell block Winding mutually, can further improve solid native effect, while can lift the stabilization that hanging plate is connected to parting bead and slope bank section Property.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of ecology rigidity revetment structure;
Fig. 2 is the configuration schematic diagram that ecology rigidity revetment structure is not banketed when transplanting;
Fig. 3 is the configuration schematic diagram of celluar concrete hanging plate;
Fig. 4 is the installation diagram of bio-film colonization.
In figure, 1, upright bank section;2nd, slope bank section;3rd, parting bead;31st, longitudinal parting bead;32nd, horizontal parting bead;33rd, cell block; 34th, osculum;35th, iron wire net rack;352nd, grid;4th, river course;5th, celluar concrete hanging plate;51st, packing groove;52nd, cover plate;53、 Spliced eye;6th, net is climbed;61st, cross bar;62nd, fastening bolt;7th, bio-film colonization;71st, steel wire rope;72nd, hydroformylation fibre synthetic fibre beam;8th, chemical anchors Bolt;81st, the first spigot;82nd, the second spigot;9th, cobblestone coating.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Referring to Fig. 1, for the ecology rigidity revetment structure built by the present invention, including by grouting concrete construction Upright bank section 1 and be connected to the slope bank section 2 of the top of upright bank section 1.Setting is poured by cement slurrying in slope bank section 2 Some parting beads 3 having.Parting bead 3 includes the horizontal parting bead 32 in the longitudinal parting bead 31 perpendicular with river course 4 and parallel river course 4. Longitudinal parting bead 31 is connected with some celluar concrete hanging plates 5 towards the end of upright bank section 1.Celluar concrete hanging plate 5 and transverse direction Parting bead 32 is parallel and it is equal with the distance between adjacent two horizontal parting beads 32 with the distance of horizontal parting bead 32.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, celluar concrete hanging plate 5 is connected by chemical anchor bolts 8 with slope bank section 2.Chemical anchor bolts 8 wrap Include the first spigot 81 and celluar concrete hanging plate 5 for wearing connection celluar concrete hanging plate 5 and longitudinal parting bead 31 and be located at Connection slope bank section 2 grouts the second spigot 82 of concrete.Longitudinal parting bead 31 and horizontal parting bead 32 and celluar concrete hanging plate 5 it If the cell block 33 to form the separation of capable person slope bank section 2 is enclosed between.Longitudinal parting bead 31, which is located in each cell block 33, to be offered Connect the osculum 34 of adjacent cells block 33.The volume of cell block 33 is 3 × 3 × 0.3m3~3 × 3 × 0.4m3, wherein being preferably 3×3×0.35m3.Nutrition Soil is filled with cell block 33, the thickness of Nutrition Soil is highly consistent with longitudinal parting bead 31.Parting bead 3 It is also associated with being covered in the iron wire net rack 35 on Nutrition Soil above Nutrition Soil, the edge of iron wire net rack 35 is provided with connection The grab of iron wire net rack 35 and parting bead 3.The area of grid 352 of iron wire net rack 35 is 1 × 1 ㎡, just that each cell block 33 is equal Etc. being separated into nine pieces.
Being transplanted referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, in cell block 33 has some draft plant and shrub plant, and the plantation of shrub plant exists In the grid 352 of each center of cell block 33.The interval winding of draft plant is planted in the circumference of shrub plant, also It is to say that two plants have the grid 352 for not transplanting draft plant between having the cell block 33 of draft plant.Draft plant elects dog as Root of the tooth, rye grass, paspalum notatum, green onion are blue, the two of which of the tuber of dwarf lilyturf or two or more shrubs plant elect purple willow and cypress as.It is single First block 33 is provided with cobblestone coating 9 between being located at the grid 352 of iron wire net rack 35.Cobblestone coating 9 is covered in plant There is the grid 352 of shrub plant interior and do not transplant in the grid 352 of draft plant.
Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3,5 bulk in a rectangular trapezoid of celluar concrete hanging plate, the gradient one of its inclined-plane and slope bank section 2 Cause and be connected on the end face that slope bank section 2 is connected with upright bank section 1, while its end face towards the side of river course 4 and upright bank The end face of section 1 is parallel and in same plane.The filler that opening is arranged on inclined-plane is further opened with celluar concrete hanging plate 5 Groove 51, packing groove 51 is interior to be filled with for the Nutrition Soil of liana plant strain growth and adheres to the zeolite molecular sieve being enriched with for microorganism.It is more The opening that hole concrete link plate 5 is located at packing groove 51 is additionally provided with the cover plate 52 that closing packing groove 51 is open, and cover plate 52 is by water Mud, which pours, to be formed.It is further opened with being arranged on celluar concrete with the vertical connection of packing groove 51 and opening on celluar concrete hanging plate 5 Hanging plate 5 is towards some spliced eyes 53 on the end face of river course 4.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, some liana plant are plugged with spliced eye 53, the root system of liana plant is taken root positioned at filling out In Nutrition Soil in hopper 51.Liana plant be chosen as climing epipremnum aureum, ivy, winter creeper, Changchun, the two of which of goldfish rattan or Person is two or more.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 4, liana plant under gravity, along upright bank section 1 towards the descending growth in end face in river course 4. The end face of upright bank section 1 is provided with some climbing nets 6 in netted intersection for the climbing of liana plant.It is provided with climbing net 6 The fastening bolt 62 that climbing net 6 is pressed to the cross bar 61 of upright bank section 1 and is connected cross bar 61 with upright bank section 1.Climb 6, net Some bio-film colonizations 7 are connected with below the normal water bit line of river course 4, bio-film colonization 7 includes end with climbing the steel wire of the colligation of net 6 Rope 71 and is spaced around some hydroformylation fibre synthetic fibre beams 72 being located on steel wire rope 71 in the shape of a spiral.
The ecology rigidity revetment structure plants rattan class by the design of the celluar concrete hanging plate 5 positioned at slope bank section 2 Strain can be grown by the Nutrition Soil being filled in packing groove 51, and be grown by spliced eye 53 to upright bank section 1, and around being located at Climb on net 6.And draft plant and shrub plant are transplanted in the cell block of slope bank section 2, rigidity revetment is realized ecology Change.
Embodiment one
A kind of method of river course rigidity revetment ecology, protected applied to the stone masonry for including slope bank section 2 and upright bank section 1 The reparation of bank, placed rockfill shore protection, cast-in-place concrete shore protection or precast concrete block shore protection.
This method comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Shore protection pre-processes
(1) safe isolation belt is set in bank reinstatement section week layback to be repaired, and is not repaiied bank reinstatement section to be repaired with road and by waterproof cloth Bank reinstatement section is isolated;
(2) rubbish and debris in clear bank inclined slope bank section 2 to be repaired and upright bank section 1, it is ensured that concrete segment surface is without miscellaneous Thing is stacked.
Step 2:Division unit block 33
(1) some 3x3m cell block 33 is separated into by building template by slope bank section 2, form height is set as 40cm;
(2) after cement slurrying, the cement injection slurry into template, form removal after solidification, the longitudinal direction in some vertical river courses 4 of formation The horizontal parting bead 323 of parting bead 313 and parallel river course 4;
(3) osculum 34 is opened up on longitudinal parting bead 313.
Step 3:It is prepared by Nutrition Soil
(1) Nutrition Soil is prepared according to following parts by weight:50 parts of river sand, 20 parts of black earth, 20 parts of leaf mould, desulfurization fresh water mud 20 Part, 20 parts of rubble, 10 parts of coconut palm chaff, 5 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of ammonium sulfate;
(2) after being well mixed, plastic covering film fermentation 3 days.
Step 4:Celluar concrete hanging plate 5 makes
(1) by mass parts by 200 parts of 525# cement, 1 part of water reducer, 20 parts of zeolite molecular sieve, loaded on being stirred in Plastic Drum, Additive is made;
(2) 200 parts of 1500 parts of rubble, 150 parts of river sand and water that particle diameter is 3 are added in mixer by mass parts and stirred to broken Stone and river sand moistened surface;
(3) toward the additive mix 60s that 450 parts of water and 40% are added in step (2);
(4) mix 90s is added toward the additive that 350 parts of water and 60% are added in step (3), obtained concrete slurry;
(5) by concrete slurry made from step (4) it is die-filling after manually vibrated from corner to center 30s, it is prefabricated tangible on mould Into the projection of packing groove 51;
(6) 24h form removals, plastic covering film, watering maintenance 28 days, the celluar concrete hanging plate 5 with packing groove 51 is obtained;
(7) it is 3 in mass ratio in packing groove 51:1 inserts well mixed Nutrition Soil and zeolite molecular sieve, passes through cement mortar The opening of packing groove 51 is sealed;
(8) some spliced eyes 53 are opened up on celluar concrete hanging plate 5, and in celluar concrete hanging plate 5 by way of grafting Upper inserting depth is that 10~15cm ivy, Changchun is climing and goldfish rattan, horizontal positioned celluar concrete hanging plate 5, is poured every three days Water is once;
After (9) one weeks, celluar concrete hanging plate 5 is disposed vertically, plant is continued to cultivate, plant length is screened after three weeks and is exceeded 30cm and eugonic celluar concrete hanging plate 5.
Step 5:Celluar concrete hanging plate 5 is installed
(1) the celluar concrete hanging plate 5 of screening is connected on longitudinal parting bead 313 and slope bank section 2 by chemical anchor bolts 8, made Plant has the end face of liana plant towards river course 4, seals the cement mortar of packing groove 51 towards rigidity revetment;
(2) bamboo pole is inserted close to the position of upright bank section 1 in river course 4, intermeshes to form climbing net 6 between bamboo pole, pass through horizontal stroke Bar 61 abuts net 6 is climbed with upright bank section 1, and squeezes into fastening bolt 62 on cross bar 61 and be connected cross bar 61 with upright bank section 1;
(3) by the end banding of liana plant on climbing net 6;
(4) in climbing net 6 less than some bio-film colonizations 7 of colligation below the normal water bit line of river course 4.
Step 6:Slope bank section 2 is transplanted
(1) Nutrition Soil thick backfill 10cm in cell block 33, and tamped;
(2) the thick Nutrition Soils of 20cm are again filled with the Nutrition Soil of compacting;
(4) iron wire net rack 35 for being 1 × 1 ㎡ in Nutrition Soil end face laying grid 352 area, iron wire net rack 35 are connected by grab On parting bead 3;
(5) interval transplants some draft plant and shrub plant, draft plant and elects dog as in the Nutrition Soil for not tamping part Root of the tooth, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf and paspalum notatum, above-mentioned plant interval are planted in the grid 352 of iron wire net rack 35;Shrub plant is planted for interval Purple willow and cypress, be planted in the central gridding 352 of each cell block 33;
(6) what the grid 352 for having shrub plant in plant was located at shrub plant is circumferentially provided with cobblestone coating 9, cobblestone The thickness of coating 9 is 2~4cm, meanwhile, do not transplant and cobblestone coating is again provided with the grid 352 of draft plant 9。
Embodiment two
The difference of embodiment two and embodiment one is that liana plant chooses epipremnum aureum, winter creeper;Draft plant elects Bermuda grass, hundred as Happiness grass, green onion are blue.
Embodiment three
The difference of embodiment three and embodiment one is that liana plant chooses that epipremnum aureum, Changchun is climing, goldfish rattan;Draft plant elects hundred as Happiness grass, green onion are blue, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf.
Example IV
The difference of example IV and embodiment one is that liana plant chooses ivy, winter creeper, goldfish rattan;Draft plant is elected as Bermuda grass, green onion are blue.
Embodiment five
The difference of embodiment five and embodiment one is not tamp Nutrition Soil thickness 25cm.
Embodiment six
The difference of embodiment five and embodiment one is not tamp Nutrition Soil thickness 30cm.
Nutrition Soil of the present invention, commercially available Nutrition Soil A, commercially available Nutrition Soil B, commercially available black earth are chosen as sample, in some areas To be respectively filled in the thick soil layer of 30cm, 35cm, 40cm in 50X50cm sample basin, and transplanted in basin selected by the present invention All types of plant shoots are cultivated as target plant, 10 plants of each basin of draft plant, and rattan class plant is per 3 plants of basin, filling Wooden class plant is per 1 plant of basin, and using 10 plants as one group, standard loess carries out control culture as a control group, record 10 days, 30 My god, in 60 days target plant average increment.
Average increment calculation formula is:Average increment=(the initial growth height of summation-every plant of every plant of existing growing height The summation of degree)/total strain number, wherein every plant includes all draft plant, rattan class plant and shrub plant.
Result of calculation see the table below:
To sum up, the relatively commercially available Nutrition Soil of Nutrition Soil and black earth that the present invention is prepared, have to plant selected by the present invention preferable Facilitation effect, selected plant fast-growth can be made, and then accelerate its solid native effect.
This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention, and it is not limitation of the present invention, people in the art Member can make the modification of no creative contribution to the present embodiment as needed after this specification is read, but as long as at this All protected in the right of invention by Patent Law.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. method of river course rigidity revetment ecology, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1)The upright bank section (1) of rigidity revetment and slope bank section (2) are cleared up;
    (2)Slope bank section (2) is separated into some cell blocks by some parting beads of cement masonry (3) in slope bank section (2) (33);
    (3)Celluar concrete preparation is carried out, and builds into some celluar concrete hanging plates (5) by laying bricks or stones, on celluar concrete hanging plate (5) Transplant liana plant;
    (4)Celluar concrete hanging plate (5) is installed in slope bank section (2) and is located at its two parting bead with upright bank section (1) junction (3) between;
    (5)Climbing net (6) is set on upright bank section (1), by the end of liana plant by cotton cord colligation in climbing net (6) On;
    (6)The backfill Nutrition Soil in cell block (33), and carry out the plant of draft plant and shrub plant.
  2. A kind of 2. method of river course rigidity revetment ecology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(3) Middle liana plant elects that epipremnum aureum, ivy, winter creeper, Changchun is climing, the two of which of goldfish rattan or two or more as.
  3. A kind of 3. method of river course rigidity revetment ecology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(3) In celluar concrete hanging plate (5) on offer packing groove (51), filled with Nutrition Soil and zeolite point in the packing groove (51) Son sieve.
  4. A kind of 4. method of river course rigidity revetment ecology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the porous coagulation Native hanging plate (5) is connected on parting bead (3) by chemical anchor bolts (8).
  5. A kind of 5. method of river course rigidity revetment ecology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the climbing net (6) some bio-film colonizations (7) are connected with below river course (4) normal water bit line.
  6. 6. the method for a kind of river course rigidity revetment ecology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Nutrition Soil is pressed Prepared according to following parts by weight:50 parts of river sand, 20 parts of black earth, 20 parts of leaf mould, 20 parts of desulfurization fresh water mud, 20 parts of rubble, coconut palm chaff 10 parts, 5 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of ammonium sulfate.
  7. A kind of 7. method of river course rigidity revetment ecology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cell block (33) for the area set as 3 × 3m, the depth of the cell block (33) is set to 30 ~ 40cm.
  8. A kind of 8. method of river course rigidity revetment ecology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the draft plant Elect Bermuda grass, rye grass, paspalum notatum, green onion orchid, the two of which or two or more of the tuber of dwarf lilyturf as;The shrub plant includes Qi Willow, cypress.
  9. A kind of 9. method of river course rigidity revetment ecology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cell block (33) covered with iron wire net rack (35) above Nutrition Soil, the side colligation of the iron wire net rack (35) is on parting bead (3), institute Grid (352) area for stating iron wire net rack (35) is arranged to 1 × 1 ㎡.
  10. A kind of 10. method of river course rigidity revetment ecology according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the cell block (33) it is filled on interior Nutrition Soil covered with cobblestone coating (9), cobblestone coating (9) interval in grid (352).
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109626588A (en) * 2019-02-25 2019-04-16 浙江农林大学 A kind of strip city river and lake waterfront wet land system
CN110073876A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-08-02 浙江融信环保科技有限公司 A kind of ecology remodeling method of vertical type hardening bank slope
CN110574616A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-17 贵州省生物研究所 greening method for vertically greening riverway bank cliff and ecological floating bed thereof
CN110710407A (en) * 2019-10-26 2020-01-21 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 Ecological amplification method for windproof function of grassland enclosure net
CN111441308A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-07-24 冯娟娟 Gabion structure for reinforcing bank slope and using method thereof
CN111441308B (en) * 2020-03-05 2021-08-03 冯娟娟 Gabion structure for reinforcing bank slope and using method thereof
CN113404005A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-09-17 中国水利水电科学研究院 Coarse aggregate interconnected nail type block ecological revetment structure and construction method thereof

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