CN205897749U - Small -size grain drying machine - Google Patents

Small -size grain drying machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205897749U
CN205897749U CN201620808582.0U CN201620808582U CN205897749U CN 205897749 U CN205897749 U CN 205897749U CN 201620808582 U CN201620808582 U CN 201620808582U CN 205897749 U CN205897749 U CN 205897749U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
small
ajutage
hot
controller
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620808582.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
聂泉
余民学
陈金荣
陈云可
李岩舟
刘雪芳
郑笑雅
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Guangxi University
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Guangxi University
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Priority to CN201620808582.0U priority Critical patent/CN205897749U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205897749U publication Critical patent/CN205897749U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of the agricultural equipment. A small -size grain drying machine, includes the support, sets up cylinder on the support, with cylinder one end swivelling joint's motor and with the air heater that the cylinder other end is connected, the cylinder is the horizontal type structure, and the feed inlet has been seted up on its upper portion, and the discharge gate has been seted up to the lower part, the cylinder inner wall vertically is provided with a plurality of blades, just the blade becomes 30~45 contained angle with the radial direction of cylinder, still include the blast pipe, the setting of roller center shaft line is followed to the blast pipe, and runs through the cylinder, its one end with the air heater is connected, set up on the pipe wall of blast pipe and make the inside a plurality of pores that communicate with inside the drum of blast pipe, still include controller, temperature sensor, humidity transducer and display screen. The utility model discloses a drying -machine is small, simple structure, stoving are effectual, is applicable to the removal operation of middle -size and small -size peasant household.

Description

A kind of small-scale dryer of paddy
[technical field]
This utility model is related to agricultural equipment technical field, particularly to a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy.
[background technology]
Popularization with China's agricultural production mechanization and development, the automatization level of agricultural greatly improves, the life of corn Produce efficiency and also achieve great leap.However, in terms of grain-drying with storage, China's most peasants still adopt original Method for airing, this drying mode far can not meet Agriculture Production Modes.Particularly south China rice harves season, many Rain is moist, such as dries not in time, will lead to the mouldy germination of corn, and cause serious economic loss to peasant.Have in the market More grain-drying equipment, mainly has drying tower and conveyor type dehydrator, drying tower complex structure, puts into big, dries Efficiency is low, and drying tower is higher, and thermometer can not accurately show the actual temperature in tower, and drying corn should not open when very few Dynamic, suitable large area corn planting area, should not be used in middle-size and small-size peasant household;Conveyor type dehydrator is then that floor space is big, no It is easy to carry, and expensive, corn is easily accessible the gap of conveyer belt, causes stuck.
It is badly in need of a kind of good drying effect, adaptable small-scale dryer of paddy for this, it is to avoid dry insufficient or dry The too high situation of dry temperature, enables peasant to be completed in a relatively short time grain-drying, thus not affected by rainy weather, effectively Improve level of agricultural production.
[utility model content]
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: a kind of structure of offer is simple, it is mobile to be easy to, drying efficiency is high Small-scale dryer of paddy.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, this utility model be the technical scheme is that a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy, including Motor that frame, setting cylinder on the bracket are rotatably connected with described cylinder one end and with the described cylinder other end even The hot-air blower connecing;Described cylinder is horizontal type structure, and its top offers charging aperture, and bottom offers discharging opening;In described cylinder Wall is vertically arranged with some blades, and described blade becomes 30 °~45 ° of angle with the radial direction of cylinder;Also include ajutage, Described ajutage is along centre of the drum's axis setting, and runs through described cylinder, and its one end is connected with described hot-air blower;Described ajutage Tube wall on offer some pores making to connect with drums inside inside ajutage;Also include controller, temperature sensor, wet Degree sensor and display screen;Described controller is arranged on hot-air blower, and respectively with described temperature sensor, humidity sensor, Display screen and hot-air blower connect;Described temperature sensor and humidity sensor are respectively mounted on which cylinder, respective test section Position is located at described drums inside.
Further, described cylinder includes shell portion and Rotary-table section along its axis, and described Rotary-table section is prolonged in bottom surface Stretch the described shell portion of formation;Described discharging opening is opened in described Rotary-table section.
Further, described support bottom is provided with wheel, and described support is provided with hydraulic stem, and described hydraulic stem is located at Below described discharging opening, and can extend to downwards and flush with described wheel bottom surface;Described hydraulic stem connects described controller.
Further, a diameter of 30~60mm of described ajutage, a diameter of 1~2mm of described pore.
Further, it is hinged with transparent doors at described charging aperture;Described discharge outlet is hinged with filter screen door, described filter screen door Connect described controller.
Further, described support is provided with supporting part, and described supporting part is provided with handle.
Further, described inner wall of rotary drum is evenly arranged with six described blades.
Due to adopting technique scheme, this utility model has the advantages that
1. a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy of the present utility model is compact to design, small volume, structure are simple, low cost, is suitable for Mobile operation in middle-size and small-size peasant household.By the way of hot air convection, by hot blast direct-furnish ajutage and by the pipe of ajutage Hot blast homogeneous radiation in cylinder, is made to be rapidly achieved the drying temperature needed for corn in cylinder by the pore on wall;And described rolling It is provided with temperature sensor and the humidity sensor for detecting the humiture in cylinder, described temperature sensor and humidity pass in cylinder Sensor is all connected with controller, can really reflect the drying temperature in drying course and humidity and carry out precise control.
2nd, cylinder of the present utility model adopts rotational structure, and described inner wall of rotary drum is vertically arranged with some blades, and described Blade becomes 30 °~45 ° of angle with the radial direction of cylinder;Such design makes blade rotate when stir-frying corn, corn and institute State the hot blast that pore sends to be fully contacted, be heated evenly, dried grain quality is high, good drying effect.
[brief description]
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of small-scale dryer of paddy of this utility model;
Fig. 2 is a kind of internal structure schematic diagram of minitype drier of this utility model;
Fig. 3 is a kind of blades arrangement schematic diagram of grain drying machine of this utility model;
Wherein: 1- support, 2- cylinder, 3- motor, 4- hot-air blower, 5- blade, 6- ajutage, 7- pore, 8- controller, 9- Temperature sensor, 10- humidity sensor, 11- hydraulic stem, 12- transparent doors, 13- filter screen door, 14- wheel, 15- handle.
[specific embodiment]
With reference to specific embodiment, the technical solution of the utility model is described in more detail.
Refer to Fig. 1-3, a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy, including a support 1, a setting cylinder 2 on the bracket, The motor 3 being rotatably connected with described cylinder 2 one end and the hot-air blower 4 being connected with described cylinder 2 other end;Described cylinder 2 For horizontal type structure, its top offers charging aperture, and bottom offers discharging opening;If described cylinder 2 inwall is vertically arranged with cured leaf Piece 5, and described blade 5 becomes 30 °~45 ° of angle with the radial direction of cylinder 2;Also include ajutage 6, described ajutage 6 edge Cylinder 2 central axis is arranged, and runs through described cylinder 2, and its one end is connected with described hot-air blower 4;On the tube wall of described ajutage 6 Offer and make the internal some pores 7 that connect internal with cylinder 2 of ajutage 6;Also include controller 8, temperature sensor 9, humidity Sensor 10 and display screen;Described controller 8 is arranged on hot-air blower 4, and respectively with described temperature sensor 9, humidity sensor Device 10, display screen and hot-air blower 4 connect;Described temperature sensor 9 and humidity sensor 10 are installed on described cylinder 2, respectively From detection position be located inside described cylinder 2, be respectively used to detect the temperature and humidity in described cylinder 2, and generate corresponding Temperature signal and moisture signal send out in described controller 8;Described controller 8 drives heat according to this temperature signal and moisture signal Blower fan 4 runs.
Grain drying machine simple and stable structure disclosed in this utility model, by uniform on the tube wall of described ajutage 6 Open up pore 7, hot blast enters ajutage 6 and produces certain air pressure in it, hot blast passes through the pore 7 directive cylinder 2 on ajutage 6 All directions, form hot air convection so that corn is full and uniform with hot blast contacts in cylinder 2;By described blade 5 is set Count into the angle becoming 35 ° with cylinder 2 radial direction, when described cylinder 2 rotates, the corn of cylinder 2 inner bottom part can be transported to Next blade 5 is thrown at cylinder 2 top, corn stir-fry during i.e. will not with ajutage 6 directly contact, cause corn to be charred or Block air feeding pipe 6, can be fully contacted with hot blast again, so that the moisture in corn is evaporated.By described temperature sensor 9 He Humidity sensor 10 is arranged in described cylinder 2, and the temperature and humidity recording is sent to described controller, according to default wet Degree, described controller can adjust temperature and the blow-time of described hot-air blower, make grain-drying effect more preferable.With tradition stirring Mode is compared, and is effectively reduced mechanical presses corn being caused in rotation process Leaf 5, and the humidity sensor 10 arranging With temperature sensor 9, it is easy to the grain-drying quality in cylinder 2 is monitored, and the hot blast of adjustment hot-air blower 4 conveying in time Temperature, thus reducing grain crack rate, improving grain quality, accurate measurement humiture, reduce the purpose lost.
As one kind preferably, described support 1 bottom is provided with wheel 13, is easy to make mobile for dehydrator extremely different places With.Described support 1 is provided with supporting part, and described supporting part is provided with handle 14, can achieve single mobile and operates.In reality In, described support 1 is provided with hydraulic stem 11, described hydraulic stem 11 is located at below described discharging opening, and can extend to downwards Flush with described wheel bottom surface, make described cylinder 2 parallel to the ground, play the effect supporting described cylinder 2.Described hydraulic stem 11 Described controller 8 is connected by wire, described hydraulic stem 11 realizes lifting fortune according to the control instruction that described controller 8 sends Dynamic, during described hydraulic stem 11 compression, cylinder 2 is tilted, produced using the telescopicing performance that corn self gravitation combines hydraulic stem 11 Difference in height, described cylinder 2 can be made to tilt discharging.
As one kind preferably, described cylinder 2 includes shell portion and Rotary-table section along its axis, and described Rotary-table section is the bottom of at Face extends and forms described shell portion;Described discharging opening is opened on described Rotary-table.The present embodiment preferred shell portion diameter For 0.9m, and described discharging opening is opened on the side of described Rotary-table section.Not only mixing effect is good for such design, and And be easy to the corn landing remaining in blade 5 crack to discharging opening, corn discharging is smooth, is not in blocking or delay Phenomenon in corner.
As one kind preferably, described motor 3 is installed on described support 1, and by geared system with described cylinder 2 even Connect, for driving described cylinder 2, described motor adopts the single-phase AC motor that power is 700w.
As one kind preferably, described hot-air blower 4 is installed on described support 1, and the power of described hot-air blower 4 is 1000w, its According to the instruction of the temperature of controller, the temperature range of scalable grain-drying be 40-80 DEG C it is ensured that corn is non-burnt, not smoke blowing.
As one kind preferably, described cylinder 2 inwall is evenly arranged with six described blades 5, and is welded on described cylinder 2 Interior, described blade 5 is made using the metal material of excellent stiffness, it can be avoided that blade 5 flexural deformation.
As one kind preferably, described small-scale dryer of paddy also includes controller 8, temperature sensor 9, humidity sensor 10 And display screen;Described controller 8, temperature sensor 9, humidity sensor 10 and display screen constitute an intelligent temperature and humidity and control system System.In the overall drying process, when the temperature in cylinder 2 reaches the predetermined value upper limit, temperature sensor 9 delivers a signal to control Device, controller controls hot-air blower 4 to stop heating;When the temperature in cylinder 2 reaches predetermined value lower limit, temperature sensor 9 transmission letter Number give controller 8, controller 8 controls hot-air blower 4 to continue heating, and the humidity in cylinder 2 reached predetermined value, passed by humidity Sensor 10 can by the humidity real-time detection in cylinder 2 out, and temperature and humidity can show on a display screen in real time, side Just user grasps humiture situation, prevents temperature too high damage corn, and realizes automatically controlling corn " pre- in drying Heated drying tempering cools down " process, thus reducing grain crack rate.
As a kind of preferred, a diameter of 50mm of described ajutage 6, described ajutage 6 adopts the material high temperature resistant, hardness is strong Material is made, and is removably mounted on the air outlet of described hot-air blower 4, if having a small amount of impurity in ajutage 6, detachable blows Pipe 6 is simultaneously cleared up;A diameter of 1mm of described pore 7, when air quantity one timing, the area of pore 7 is less, then the wind speed passing through Larger, such design can make the hot blast of output reach larger speed, also can prevent corn from entering ajutage 6.
Preferably it is hinged with transparent doors 11 at described charging aperture as a kind of, corn after closing transparent doors 11, can be avoided to reveal Go out, and transparent setting, can directly observe the state of grain-drying and handling situations in dehydrator during drying corn, Consequently facilitating being monitored to the situation of corn drying, it is also convenient for equipment is safeguarded in time.Described discharge outlet is hinged with Filter screen door 12, described filter screen door 12 connects described controller 8, its control instruction being sent according to described controller 8, it is possible to achieve It is automatically switched off and open.Both can prevent corn from exposing during closing, and moistening air in cylinder 2 can have been discharged again, also have simultaneously There is the preliminary effect sieving impurity, while lifting grain-drying quality, reduce the content of the impurity of corn.
When a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy of this utility model uses, first corn is poured in cylinder 2 by charging aperture, close Transparent doors 11, set the expected humidity dried of corn on wet control device, then start motor 3, cylinder 2 turns round.The present embodiment Described blade 5 become 35 ° of angle with the radial direction of cylinder 2;Under the driving of described blade 5, the corn quilt of cylinder 2 bottom Blade 5 is taken up, and with the revolution of cylinder 2, during corn uniformly scatters gradually to blade 5 in described cylinder 2, opens described simultaneously Hot-air blower 4, the air blasting is heated by hot-air blower 4, then by ajutage 6, the air of heating is led to cylinder 2, passes through Steam is realizing the drying to corn.Hot blast is entered in cylinder 2 by ajutage 6, and blows to the corn in cylinder 2 by pore 7, Be in the corn of uniform tumbling state under the brushing of hot blast so as to moisture evaporation out.Passed by temperature sensor 9 and humidity Sensor 10 with the temperature and humidity in real-time monitoring cylinder 2, and can adjust the temperature of hot-air blower 4 by controller.By transparent Door 11, can directly observe the temperature that the state of grain-drying and handling situations can detect in cylinder 2, in described cylinder 2 Impurity and moistening air can be discharged by filter screen door 12.After drying terminates, controller sends the liquid on instruction lift boom 1 Depression bar 11, makes cylinder 2 one end slant setting, opens filter screen door 12, corn is discharged by discharging opening.
This utility model structure is simple, and occupied ground is little, and good drying effect is it is adaptable to the mobile operation of middle-size and small-size peasant household. The described blade 5 that described cylinder 2 inwall is longitudinally uniformly arranged becomes 35 ° of angle with the radial direction of cylinder 2;By in cylinder 2 The described blade 5 of interior setting, opens up uniform pore 7 on ajutage 6, by hot blast direct-furnish ajutage 6 and by the pipe of ajutage 6 Hot blast homogeneous radiation in cylinder 2, be increased the effect of corn drying ventilation and ventilation quality so that paddy by the pore 7 on wall Thing and hot blast form convection current in cylinder 2, and are rapidly achieved the drying temperature needed for corn.Corn is fully contacted with hot blast, leaf Piece 5 rotation stir-fry corn by grain moisture distil dry, make corn reach storage containing water quality standard.
Described above is the detailed description for the preferable possible embodiments of this utility model, but embodiment is not limited to Patent claim of the present utility model, the equal change being completed under the technical spirit suggested by all this utility model or modification Change, all should belong to the covered the scope of the claims of this utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy, including support, setting cylinder on the bracket and the rotation of described cylinder one end even The motor connecing and the hot-air blower being connected with the described cylinder other end;It is characterized in that: described cylinder is horizontal type structure, its top Offer charging aperture, bottom offers discharging opening;Described inner wall of rotary drum is vertically arranged with some blades, and described blade and cylinder Radial direction become 30 °~45 ° of angle;Also include ajutage, described ajutage is along centre of the drum's axis setting, and runs through institute State cylinder, its one end is connected with described hot-air blower;Offer on the tube wall of described ajutage and make ajutage internal and drums inside Some pores of connection;Also include controller, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and display screen;Described controller is arranged on heat On blower fan, and it is connected with described temperature sensor, humidity sensor, display screen and hot-air blower respectively;Described temperature sensor and Humidity sensor is respectively mounted on which cylinder, and respective detection position is located at described drums inside.
2. a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described cylinder along its axis include justify Column body segment and Rotary-table section, described Rotary-table section extends in bottom surface and forms described shell portion;Described discharging opening is opened in described In Rotary-table section.
3. a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described support bottom is provided with car Wheel, described support is provided with hydraulic stem, described hydraulic stem be located at described discharging opening below, and can extend to downwards with described Wheel bottom surface flushes;Described hydraulic stem connects described controller.
4. a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: a diameter of the 30 of described ajutage~ 60mm, a diameter of 1~2mm of described pore.
5. a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: be hinged with transparent at described charging aperture Door;Described discharge outlet is hinged with filter screen door, and described filter screen door connects described controller.
6. a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described support is provided with supporting part, It is provided with handle on described supporting part.
7. a kind of small-scale dryer of paddy according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described inner wall of rotary drum is evenly arranged with Six described blades.
CN201620808582.0U 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 Small -size grain drying machine Expired - Fee Related CN205897749U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620808582.0U CN205897749U (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 Small -size grain drying machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620808582.0U CN205897749U (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 Small -size grain drying machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205897749U true CN205897749U (en) 2017-01-18

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106052339A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-26 广西大学 Small-sized grain dryer
CN113063277A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-07-02 邢台市天元星食品设备有限公司 Energy-conserving nut honeycomb drying automatic production line

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106052339A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-26 广西大学 Small-sized grain dryer
CN106052339B (en) * 2016-07-28 2019-05-21 广西大学 A kind of small-scale dryer of paddy
CN113063277A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-07-02 邢台市天元星食品设备有限公司 Energy-conserving nut honeycomb drying automatic production line

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170118

Termination date: 20210728