CN205667898U - One way of life garbage disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure - Google Patents

One way of life garbage disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205667898U
CN205667898U CN201620538299.0U CN201620538299U CN205667898U CN 205667898 U CN205667898 U CN 205667898U CN 201620538299 U CN201620538299 U CN 201620538299U CN 205667898 U CN205667898 U CN 205667898U
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China
Prior art keywords
winnower
crude drugs
selecting crude
rough segmentation
belt
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CN201620538299.0U
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何永全
张兴庆
柴福良
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Chongqing Environmental Sanitation Group Co., Ltd.
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Chongqing Environmental Sanitation Holding (group) Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses one way of life garbage disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure, including a selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine being obliquely installed, and rough segmentation winnower;The feeding end of described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine is positioned at below the discharging opening of rotary screen for breaking bags, and the feeding mouth linking of described rough segmentation winnower is arranged on below the discharge end of selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine;It is characterized in that, described coarse fodder separation unit also includes rough segmentation belt magnetic separator, and the magnetic separation feeding end of described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator is towards described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine, and linking is arranged on above the discharge end of described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine;It is provided with an electric magnet in the magnetic separation feeding end of described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator.This utility model has simple in construction, it is possible to ferrous material is screened out and is beneficial to the process of follow-up selecting crude drugs with winnower by realization, it is possible to increase the advantages such as selecting crude drugs with winnower efficiency and effect.

Description

One way of life garbage disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure
Technical field
This utility model relates to field of domestic garbage treatment, in particular to one way of life garbage disposal coarse fodder separation unit Structure.
Background technology
Along with the quickening of fast-developing urbanization process and the rapid of living standards of the people of Chinese society economy improve, City produces and is also consequently increased rapidly with the junk of generation in life process, and house refuse land occupation pollutes environment Situation and the impact on health of people are the most obvious.The substantial increase of domestic waste, makes garbage disposal more and more tired Difficulty, the problem such as resultant environmental pollution gradually causes the extensive concern of various circles of society.
Conventional waste disposal method mainly has comprehensive utilization, sanitary landfills, burning and compost.Wherein, burning disposal is i.e. The area of land occupation can be reduced, also can realize the recycling of resource to a certain extent.But, in existing house refuse Containing substantial amounts of plastic product, ferrous metal and Organic substance etc., simple burning disposal easily produces substantial amounts of harmful gas Body, also reduces the utilization ratio of resource.
In order to solve the problems referred to above, applicant considers to devise one way of life refuse classification recovery and processing system, including depending on The feeder unit of secondary linking, broken bag sieve unit and separation unit;Described feeder unit includes discharge bin and is connected with discharge bin Uniform distribution machine;Described broken bag sieve unit includes a screening charging belt machine being obliquely installed, and horizontally set Rotary screen for breaking bags, described rotary screen for breaking bags one end in axial direction is feeding mouth, and the other end is discharging opening;Described broken bag cylinder Being provided with the cylindrical screen that sieve diameter is 80mm in sieve, the bottom of described rotary screen for breaking bags is positioned at below cylindrical screen Position is provided with in funnel-form and the siftage collection bucket of bottom opening;The upper end of described screening charging belt machine extends described broken In the feeding mouth of bag rotary screen;Described separation unit includes coarse fodder separation unit and fines separation unit;The sorting of described coarse fodder is single Unit includes a selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine being obliquely installed, and rough segmentation winnower;The feeding end of described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine Being positioned at below the discharging opening of described rotary screen for breaking bags, the feeding mouth linking of described rough segmentation winnower is arranged on selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine Discharge end below;Described fines separation unit includes that a discharge end tilts upward the magnetic separation charging belt machine of setting, and Segmentation belt magnetic separator;The feeding end of described magnetic separation charging belt machine is positioned under the siftage collection bucket of described rotary screen for breaking bags Side;The magnetic separation feeding end of described segmentation belt magnetic separator is towards described magnetic separation charging belt machine, and linking is arranged on described magnetic separation Above the discharge end of charging belt machine.In such manner, it is possible to realize the sorting to house refuse, to improve efficiency and the effect of garbage disposal Really, the pollution to environment is reduced.
But, when arranging coarse fodder separation unit, in addition it is also necessary to the most how to use simple structure to realize irony material Screening out of material is beneficial to the process of follow-up selecting crude drugs with winnower, it is possible to increase selecting crude drugs with winnower efficiency and the problem of effect.
Utility model content
For above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: how to provide a kind of knot Structure is simple, it is possible to ferrous material is screened out and is beneficial to the process of follow-up selecting crude drugs with winnower by realization, it is possible to increase selecting crude drugs with winnower efficiency and the life of effect Garbage disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure alive.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model have employed following technical scheme:
One way of life garbage disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure, including a selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine being obliquely installed, with And rough segmentation winnower;The feeding end of described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine is positioned at below the discharging opening of rotary screen for breaking bags, described rough segmentation wind The feeding mouth linking selecting machine is arranged on below the discharge end of selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine;It is characterized in that, described coarse fodder separation unit Also include rough segmentation belt magnetic separator, the magnetic separation feeding end of described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator towards described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine, and Linking is arranged on above the discharge end of described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine;Arrange in the magnetic separation feeding end of described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator There is an electric magnet.
During use, opening electric magnet, the rubbish after screening is fallen on selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine, and is chosen material belt feeder with the wind It is transported up, when material is through the magnetic separation feeding end of rough segmentation belt magnetic separator, the large scale being mingled with in rubbish in transportation The belt lower surface that can be adsorbed onto on rough segmentation belt magnetic separator by electric magnet of iron refuse, then along belt movement to leaving wind After choosing the position of material belt feeder, lose electromagnet suction and fall down recovery.Due to discharge from the discharging opening of rotary screen for breaking bags Material size is the biggest, after entering rough segmentation winnower, can mutually stop, if not by large-sized ferrum between large-sized material Pledge material screens out, and easily affects efficiency and the effect of selecting crude drugs with winnower.So, use said structure, can be at coarse fodder separation unit In get rid of iron refuse, it is to avoid light material is caused stop in rough segmentation winnower by large-sized iron refuse, be conducive to Improve selecting crude drugs with winnower efficiency and effect.Meanwhile, said structure is simple.
As optimization, described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator have ringwise abandon iron belt, if described in abandon and have on iron belt The dry scraper plate arranged in the width direction, described scraper plate is arranged along the direction deviating from described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator.
So, after iron refuse is adsorbed onto on rough segmentation belt magnetic separator by electric magnet, can by scraper plate by magnetic separation out Iron refuse take away magnetic separation feeding end, lose the magnetic force of electric magnet and fall.Avoid iron refuse under electromagnetism dynamics effect, There is relative slip with abandoning iron belt, be deposited in magnetic separation feeding end, reduce the efficiency of magnetic separation work.
As optimization, described rough segmentation winnower is horizontal winnower, including the selecting crude drugs with winnower room transversely arranged and mud chamber, institute The top half of the top half and mud chamber of stating selecting crude drugs with winnower room is connected;Described selecting crude drugs with winnower room is arranged away from the side of described mud chamber There is aerator, the air outlet level of described aerator just top half to described mud chamber;The pan feeding of described rough segmentation winnower Mouth is positioned at the top of described selecting crude drugs with winnower room, and the bottom of described selecting crude drugs with winnower room is provided with heavy material discharging opening;The bottom of described mud chamber sets It is equipped with light material discharging opening.
During work, after the house refuse after rough segmentation belt magnetic separator screens enters the selecting crude drugs with winnower room of winnower, in air blast The wind of the air outlet of machine penetrates rubbish with horizontal direction, and in rubbish, the material of different specific weight is divided by both direction under wind action Stream, the light material of a part travels forward with horizontal direction and enters mud chamber, and drops out from light material discharging opening, another part weight Material vertically falls, and drops out from heavy material discharging opening.In this manner it is possible to by the light material in house refuse and heavy material It is kept completely separate, after the heavy material packing after separating, carries out burning disposal;Light material mainly comprises plastic, can be by it Sell after recovery, it is achieved the recycling of resource, i.e. reduce the pollution to environment, the cost of garbage disposal can be saved again.
As optimization, the top of described mud chamber is additionally provided with multiple steam vent, described steam vent by circulation air path with The inlet end of described aerator is connected, and described steam vent is additionally provided with the air door for regulating steam vent aperture, makes mud chamber Interior holding normal pressure.
So, by the physical property that the regulation and control of positive/negative-pressure are different to adapt to Various Seasonal moisture content, be conducive to improving winnower Selecting crude drugs with winnower efficiency and effect.In practice, when msw water content is less than 60%, it is ensured that the efficiency of separation of equipment is not less than 75%.
In sum, this utility model has simple in construction, it is possible to realize screening out ferrous material being beneficial to follow-up wind Choosing processes, it is possible to increase the advantages such as selecting crude drugs with winnower efficiency and effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the layout structure signal of a kind of sorting consumer waste recovery and processing system that have employed this utility model structure Figure.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of feeder unit in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of broken bag sieve unit in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of separation unit in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the inner tube wall of rotary screen for breaking bags in Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with a kind of sorting consumer waste recovery and processing system that have employed this utility model structure and accompanying drawing to this Utility model is described in further detail.
When being embodied as, as shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5, one way of life refuse classification recovery and processing system, including be connected successively Feeder unit, broken bag sieve unit and separation unit;Described feeder unit includes discharge bin 1 and uniform with what discharge bin 1 was connected Material distributing machine 2;Described broken bag sieve unit includes a screening charging belt machine 3 being obliquely installed, and the broken bag of horizontally set Rotary screen 4, described rotary screen for breaking bags 4 one end in axial direction is feeding mouth, and the other end is discharging opening;Described rotary screen for breaking bags Being provided with the cylindrical screen that sieve diameter is 80mm in 4, the bottom of described rotary screen for breaking bags 4 is positioned at below cylindrical screen Position is provided with in funnel-form and the siftage collection bucket of bottom opening;The upper end of described screening charging belt machine 3 extends described In the feeding mouth of rotary screen for breaking bags 4;Described separation unit includes coarse fodder separation unit and fines separation unit;Described coarse fodder sorts Unit includes a selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine 5 being obliquely installed, and rough segmentation winnower 6;Described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine 5 upper Material end is positioned at below the discharging opening of described rotary screen for breaking bags 4, and the feeding mouth linking of described rough segmentation winnower 6 is arranged on selecting crude drugs with winnower feeding Below the discharge end of belt feeder 5;Described fines separation unit includes that a discharge end tilts upward the magnetic separation charging belt of setting Machine 7, and segmentation belt magnetic separator 8;The feeding end of described magnetic separation charging belt machine 7 is positioned under the sieve of described rotary screen for breaking bags 4 Below thing collection bucket;The magnetic separation feeding end of described segmentation belt magnetic separator 8 is towards described magnetic separation charging belt machine 7, and linking sets Put above the discharge end of described magnetic separation charging belt machine 7.
During use, house refuse is fallen uniform distribution machine from discharge bin, after the cloth of uniform distribution machine, falls sieve The feeding end of point charging belt machine, and fall after be transported up the feeding mouth of rotary screen for breaking bags with screening charging belt machine, warp After crossing the screening of rotary screen for breaking bags, thick material falls the feeding end of selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine from discharging opening, reclaims after selecting crude drugs with winnower Utilize.The feeding end of magnetic separation charging belt machine fallen by thin material from siftage collection bucket, recycles after being then passed through magnetic separation.This Sample, it is possible to realize the sorting to house refuse, to improve efficiency and the effect of garbage disposal, reduces the pollution to environment.
During enforcement, in described feeder unit, also include that apron feeder 12, described apron feeder 12 include overall in length The batcher frame of bar shaped, one end of described batcher frame is positioned at the lower section of described discharge bin 1 lower end outlet, and the other end is upwards It is obliquely installed, and is positioned at above the feeding mouth of described uniform distribution machine 2;The two ends of described batcher frame respectively have one along wide Degree direction horizontally disposed batcher roll shaft, batcher roll shaft is rotatablely arranged in batcher frame and and batcher motor It is connected;It is arranged with chain plate conveyor belt ringwise on two described batcher roll shafts.
During use, house refuse enters in the discharge bin of feeder unit by transport vehicle transports, after discharge bin exports, Being introduced into the chain plate conveyor belt being positioned at below the outlet of discharge bin lower end, batcher motor drives batcher roll shaft to rotate, and drives Chain plate conveyor belt rotates along upper surface upwardly direction, thus is delivered up by the material continuous print fallen on chain plate conveyor belt, Avoid the material fallen from discharge bin to pile up, increase the machine burden of uniform distribution machine, cause being scattered of material, it is achieved right The continuous-stable conveying of material, is conducive to improving the cloth efficiency of uniform distribution machine.Uniform distribution machine is from as existing product, energy Enough effects that the material passed through plays uniform distribution and auxiliary broken bag, combine can reach with the effects of apron feeder The purpose of material stable and uniform conveying, is conducive to improving follow-up domestic rubbish disposal efficiency.
During enforcement, described chain plate conveyor belt is sequentially connected with the carrier bar structure of setting by several along the hoop of chain plate conveyor belt Becoming, described carrier bar is arranged along the width of batcher frame, and is hinged between adjacent two carrier bars.
So, use the carrier bar arranged in the width direction mutually the most hinged formation chain plate conveyor belt, be conducive to improving chain Sheet conveying belt weight capacity;Meanwhile, can avoid being scratched by the sharppointed article in house refuse, improve the use of apron feeder Life-span.Said structure is simple, easy to manufacture, easy to maintenance.
During enforcement, the connection end of two carrier bars of arbitrary neighborhood is superimposed with each other, and is positioned at chain plate conveyor belt direction of advance front end Carrier bar be superimposed on above the carrier bar being positioned at chain plate conveyor belt direction of advance rear end.
As such, it is possible to the gap eliminated between adjacent two carrier bars, reduce the material spilling on chain plate conveyor belt, be conducive to Improvement processes the sanitary condition in workshop.
During enforcement, described carrier bar has vertically to the chain plate conveyor belt of annular along the two ends of the width of batcher frame The outside side plate extended, is integrally formed U-shaped structure.
As such, it is possible to prevent material unrestrained from the both sides of carrier bar, meanwhile, it is capable to improve the conveying of apron feeder further Ability.
During enforcement, described broken bag sieve unit, also include that sorting workshop and level run through the sorting in described sorting workshop Belt feeder 23, the feeding end linking of described sorting belt feeder 23 is arranged on below the port of export of uniform distribution machine, described sorting skin Discharge end linking with machine 23 is arranged on above the feeding end of described screening charging belt machine 3;Neighbour institute in described sorting workshop The position stating sorting belt feeder 23 is provided with manual sorting's station.
During use, material is fallen sorting belt feeder from uniform distribution machine, and is transported to sort workshop with sorting belt feeder In, there is the workman on manual sorting's station the fabric on sorting belt feeder, branch trunk, long strand thing, vial etc. to be carried out Preliminary sorting, it is to avoid above-mentioned article produce winding to the broken bag cutter in rotary screen for breaking bags in entering into rotary screen for breaking bags, impact is damaged Bad, be conducive to improving the service life of rotary screen for breaking bags, improve broken bag screening treatment effeciency and effect.
During enforcement, described rotary screen for breaking bags 4 has along the bag breaking area 41 that feeding mouth is arranged to discharging opening direction and screening district 42, the inner tube wall of described bag breaking area 41 has some broken bag cuttves that is radially arranged on, described broken bag cutter can be with inner core Wall rotates.
So, the material after artificial preliminary sorting is after the upper end of screening charging belt machine falls, at the work of gravity Under with, falling on the broken bag cutter on inner tube wall, the plastic bag in material can be scratched by broken bag cutter, so that the life in plastic bag Live scattering of rubbish out, in order to follow-up screening.Meanwhile, when broken bag cutter rotates with inner tube wall, take partial material to top, Again fall broken bag, improve the efficiency of broken bag.
During enforcement, the inner tube wall in described screening district 42 has the cylindrical screen that sieve diameter is 80mm, described broken bag The bottom of rotary screen 4 is positioned at the position below cylindrical screen and is provided with in funnel-form and the siftage collection bucket of bottom opening.
During work, after the material at place of being scattered through bag breaking area enters into screening district, the screening through cylindrical screen is made Under with, the major part material less than 80mm drops out from sieve aperture, and carries out subsequent treatment by the siftage collection bucket of bottom.It is more than The material of 80mm is discharged from the discharging opening of rotary screen for breaking bags.So, house refuse is tentatively sieved, it is simple to subsequent treatment mistake In journey, the composition according to on-the-sieve material and undersize material formulates rational sorting schemes, is conducive to improving follow-up sorting consumer waste Efficiency.
During enforcement, described rotary screen for breaking bags 4 also has guide district 43, described guide district 43 be positioned at described bag breaking area 41 towards The side of feeding mouth;There is on the inner tube wall in described guide district 43 helical blade in axial direction arranged, described helical blade Can rotate with inner tube wall and material is pushed bag breaking area.
So, by the guide effect in guide district, can avoid the material fallen from uniform distribution machine at feeding mouth at send out Raw accumulation, is conducive to improving the work efficiency of rotary screen for breaking bags.
During enforcement, described coarse fodder separation unit also includes rough segmentation belt magnetic separator 56, described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator 56 Magnetic separation feeding end is towards described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine 5, and linking is arranged on the discharge end of described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine 5 Side;It is provided with an electric magnet in the magnetic separation feeding end of described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator 56.
During use, opening electric magnet, the rubbish after screening is fallen on selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine, and is chosen material belt feeder with the wind It is transported up, when material is through the magnetic separation feeding end of rough segmentation belt magnetic separator, the large scale being mingled with in rubbish in transportation The belt lower surface that can be adsorbed onto on rough segmentation belt magnetic separator by electric magnet of iron refuse, then along belt movement to leaving wind After choosing the position of material belt feeder, lose electromagnet suction and fall down recovery.Due to discharge from the discharging opening of rotary screen for breaking bags Material size is the biggest, after entering rough segmentation winnower, can mutually stop, if not by large-sized ferrum between large-sized material Pledge material screens out, and easily affects efficiency and the effect of selecting crude drugs with winnower.So, use said structure, can be at coarse fodder separation unit In get rid of iron refuse, it is to avoid light material is caused stop in rough segmentation winnower by large-sized iron refuse, be conducive to Improve selecting crude drugs with winnower efficiency and effect.Meanwhile, said structure is simple.
During enforcement, described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator 56 have ringwise abandon iron belt, if described in abandon and have on iron belt The dry scraper plate arranged in the width direction, described scraper plate is arranged along the direction deviating from described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator 56.
So, after iron refuse is adsorbed onto on rough segmentation belt magnetic separator by electric magnet, can by scraper plate by magnetic separation out Iron refuse take away magnetic separation feeding end, lose the magnetic force of electric magnet and fall.Avoid iron refuse under electromagnetism dynamics effect, There is relative slip with abandoning iron belt, be deposited in magnetic separation feeding end, reduce the efficiency of magnetic separation work.
During enforcement, described rough segmentation winnower 6 is horizontal winnower, including the selecting crude drugs with winnower room transversely arranged and mud chamber, institute The top half of the top half and mud chamber of stating selecting crude drugs with winnower room is connected;Described selecting crude drugs with winnower room is arranged away from the side of described mud chamber There is aerator, the air outlet level of described aerator just top half to described mud chamber;The pan feeding of described rough segmentation winnower 6 Mouth is positioned at the top of described selecting crude drugs with winnower room, and the bottom of described selecting crude drugs with winnower room is provided with heavy material discharging opening;The bottom of described mud chamber sets It is equipped with light material discharging opening.
During work, after the house refuse after rough segmentation belt magnetic separator screens enters the selecting crude drugs with winnower room of winnower, in air blast The wind of the air outlet of machine penetrates rubbish with horizontal direction, and in rubbish, the material of different specific weight is divided by both direction under wind action Stream, the light material of a part travels forward with horizontal direction and enters mud chamber, and drops out from light material discharging opening, another part weight Material vertically falls, and drops out from heavy material discharging opening.In this manner it is possible to by the light material in house refuse and heavy material It is kept completely separate, after the heavy material packing after separating, carries out burning disposal;Light material mainly comprises plastic, can be by it Sell after recovery, it is achieved the recycling of resource, i.e. reduce the pollution to environment, the cost of garbage disposal can be saved again.
During enforcement, the top of described mud chamber is additionally provided with multiple steam vent, and described steam vent passes through circulation air path and institute The inlet end stating aerator is connected, and described steam vent is additionally provided with the air door for regulating steam vent aperture, in making mud chamber Keep normal pressure.
So, by the physical property that the regulation and control of positive/negative-pressure are different to adapt to Various Seasonal moisture content, be conducive to improving winnower Selecting crude drugs with winnower efficiency and effect.In practice, when msw water content is less than 60%, it is ensured that the efficiency of separation of equipment is not less than 75%.
During enforcement, described fines separation unit also include being arranged on described magnetic separation charging belt machine 7 and rotary screen for breaking bags 4 it Between segmentation winnower 78, described segmentation winnower 78 feeding mouth linking be arranged on below the discharging opening of rotary screen for breaking bags 4;Institute The underface stating segmentation winnower 78 is provided with segmentation heavy material discharging opening, and described segmentation heavy material discharging opening is positioned at described magnetic separation Above the feeding end of charging belt machine 7.
During use, the rubbish after screening falls into the feeding mouth of segmentation winnower, after the screening of segmentation winnower, from weight Material discharging opening falls the feeding end of magnetic separation charging belt machine, and transports segmentation belt magnetic separator institute with magnetic separation charging belt machine The large-sized iron refuse being mingled with in position, rubbish can be adsorbed onto on the belt on segmentation belt magnetic separator by electric magnet, Then along belt movement to after leaving the position of magnetic separation charging belt machine, lose electromagnet suction and fall down recovery.Through segmentation Rubbish after magnetic separation is mainly the higher organic matter of purity and dregs, and the entrance anaerobic system that can operate away is carried out at fermentation Reason.Material size owing to discharging from the siftage collection bucket of rotary screen for breaking bags is the least, after falling on magnetic separation charging belt machine, Stack the most layer by layer, hinders the segmentation belt magnetic separator screening to iron refuse therein, affect the efficiency of magnetic separation with Effect.Use said structure, first pass through segmentation winnower and the rubbish that siftage collection bucket is discharged is carried out selecting crude drugs with winnower, i.e. can be by light Pledge material sorts out, and it can be arranged along the length direction of magnetic separation charging belt machine according to the proportion of heavier feeds, keep away again Exempt from the stack layer by layer between material, be conducive to improving efficiency of magnetic separation and effect.Meanwhile, said structure is simple, and manufacturing cost is relatively low.
During enforcement, described segmentation winnower 78 is horizontal winnower, including the selecting crude drugs with winnower room transversely arranged and mud chamber, institute The top half of the top half and mud chamber of stating selecting crude drugs with winnower room is connected;Described selecting crude drugs with winnower room is arranged away from the side of described mud chamber There is aerator, the air outlet level of described aerator just top half to described mud chamber;Entering of described segmentation winnower 78 Material mouth is positioned at the top of described selecting crude drugs with winnower room, and segmentation heavy material discharging opening is positioned at the bottom of described selecting crude drugs with winnower room;The end of described mud chamber Portion is provided with the light material discharging opening of segmentation.
During work, after house refuse after screening enters the selecting crude drugs with winnower room of winnower, at the wind of air outlet of aerator with water Square to penetrating rubbish, in rubbish, the material of different specific weight is shunted by both direction under wind action, the light material of a part with Horizontal direction travels forward and enters mud chamber, and drops out from light material discharging opening, and another part heavy material vertically falls, And drop out from heavy material discharging opening.In this manner it is possible to the light material in house refuse and heavy material are kept completely separate, after separation Light material mainly comprises plastic, can sell after being reclaimed, it is achieved the recycling of resource, i.e. reduce environment Pollute, the cost of garbage disposal can be saved again.
During enforcement, the top of described mud chamber is additionally provided with multiple steam vent, and described steam vent passes through circulation air path and institute The inlet end stating aerator is connected, and described steam vent is additionally provided with the air door for regulating steam vent aperture, in making mud chamber Keep normal pressure.
So, by the physical property that the regulation and control of positive/negative-pressure are different to adapt to Various Seasonal moisture content, be conducive to improving winnower Selecting crude drugs with winnower efficiency and effect.In practice, when msw water content is less than 60%, it is ensured that the efficiency of separation of equipment is not less than 75%.
When being embodied as, it is also possible to further the plastics in light material are sorted, specifically, in light material discharging Mouthful and segment light material discharge outlet and be respectively connected and be provided with a light optional equipment, described smooth optional equipment includes casing and computer Data handling system, described casing includes the feeding mouth being arranged on top, is arranged on the discharging opening of bottom and is arranged on sidewall On sorting mouth;The electron-light cameraing probe carrying out near infrared spectrum scanning and shooting for material, institute it is provided with in described casing State electron-light cameraing probe and be connected to described computer data processing system;High pressure draught nozzle system it is additionally provided with in described casing System, described high pressure draught nozzle system includes being positioned at the high pressure draught nozzle that described sorting mouth is just being arranged by casing, described height Pressure gas stream nozzle is connected by pipeline compressed air air collector, described pipeline is provided with and controls the height that air-flow opens and closes Pressure valve, described High-pressure air valve is electrically connected to described computer data processing system.
During work, the image photographed is sent in computer data processing system and is processed by electron-light cameraing probe, and Judge to detect whether material is plastic according to the signal detected, if plastic, computer data processing system Send execution signal, open High-pressure air valve, make high pressure draught nozzle spray gases at high pressure, by the plastic that detects by casing On sorting mouth blowout.In such manner, it is possible to improve the precision of sorting.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not with this utility model for limiting, all at this Any amendment, equivalent and the improvement etc. made within the spirit of utility model and principle, should be included in this utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (4)

1. one way of life garbage disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure, including selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine (5) being obliquely installed, with And rough segmentation winnower (6);The feeding end of described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine (5) is positioned at below the discharging opening of rotary screen for breaking bags (4), institute The feeding mouth linking stating rough segmentation winnower (6) is arranged on below the discharge end of selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine (5);It is characterized in that, institute State coarse fodder separation unit and also include rough segmentation belt magnetic separator (56), the magnetic separation feeding end of described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator (56) towards Described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine (5), and linking be arranged on above the discharge end of described selecting crude drugs with winnower charging belt machine (5);Described rough segmentation It is provided with an electric magnet in the magnetic separation feeding end of belt magnetic separator (56).
2. domestic rubbish disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described rough segmentation belt magnetic Select machine (56) have ringwise abandon iron belt, described in abandon there is on iron belt some scraper plates arranged in the width direction, described Scraper plate is arranged along the direction deviating from described rough segmentation belt magnetic separator (56).
3. domestic rubbish disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described rough segmentation winnower (6) it is horizontal winnower, including the selecting crude drugs with winnower room transversely arranged and mud chamber, the top half of described selecting crude drugs with winnower room and mud chamber Top half is connected;Described selecting crude drugs with winnower room is provided with aerator, the air outlet of described aerator away from the side of described mud chamber Level just top half to described mud chamber;The feeding mouth of described rough segmentation winnower (6) is positioned at the top of described selecting crude drugs with winnower room, institute The bottom stating selecting crude drugs with winnower room is provided with heavy material discharging opening;The bottom of described mud chamber is provided with light material discharging opening.
4. domestic rubbish disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the top of described mud chamber Portion is additionally provided with multiple steam vent, and described steam vent is connected with the inlet end of described aerator by circulation air path, described aerofluxus It is additionally provided with the air door for regulating steam vent aperture on hole, in making mud chamber, keeps normal pressure.
CN201620538299.0U 2016-06-06 2016-06-06 One way of life garbage disposal coarse fodder separation unit structure Active CN205667898U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108452945A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-08-28 李凤春 A kind of high-efficiency refuse screening structure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108452945A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-08-28 李凤春 A kind of high-efficiency refuse screening structure

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Address after: 401121 Chongqing city Yubei District and Mount Huangshan Avenue East Building 1, No. 174

Patentee after: Chongqing Environmental Sanitation Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: 401121 Chongqing city Yubei District and Mount Huangshan Avenue East No. 174

Patentee before: Chongqing environmental sanitation holding (Group) Co., Ltd.