CN205596533U - Multi -functional multirow sugarcane planter - Google Patents

Multi -functional multirow sugarcane planter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205596533U
CN205596533U CN201620254141.0U CN201620254141U CN205596533U CN 205596533 U CN205596533 U CN 205596533U CN 201620254141 U CN201620254141 U CN 201620254141U CN 205596533 U CN205596533 U CN 205596533U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
functional
machine
disk
multifunctional
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620254141.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蓝红勇
黎鸿
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Guangxi Huahao Sugar Industry Technology Development Co Ltd
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Guangxi Huahao Sugar Industry Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620254141.0U priority Critical patent/CN205596533U/en
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Publication of CN205596533U publication Critical patent/CN205596533U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a multi -functional multirow sugarcane planter, include: frame, storage silo and multi -functional integration machine, wherein, multi -functional integrated press packed bale is drawn together: plough plough device, seeder, fertilizer injection unit and epiphragma device. The utility model provides a multi -functional multirow sugarcane planter, it sets up the horizontal pole, and multi -functional integrated machine hangs on the horizontal pole, and interval between the multi -functional integrated machine can be along horizontal pole automatically regulated. The utility model discloses to plough and plough device, seeder, fertilizer injection unit and epiphragma device according to effectual multi -functional integration machine, these device in line settings, the improvement planting efficiency of combining into of the step of sugarcane planting.

Description

Multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine
Technical field
This utility model relates to cultivating tillage equipment field.More specifically, this utility model relates to a kind of many merits Can multirow sugarcane planting machine.
Background technology
Cane planting weeding to be experienced, dig, loosen the soil, start, put kind, fertilising, epiphragma and ridging It is etc. step, if using the machinery of simple function to complete each step of plantation, time-consuming and extremely inefficient, It is thus desirable to design multi-functional cultivating tillage equipment to improve the efficiency of cane planting.
The Chinese patent of Application No. 201310753608.7 discloses a kind of row-pitch adjustable sugarcane rotary tillage type The frame of sugarcane planting machine, this frame can hang rotary cultivator attachment and drive mechanism, but this frame after all Having functioned only as the effect being to assemble, the machinery of multiple simple function is simply stitched together by it, and Being not carried out real integration, this frame does not put kind of a problem in view of in cane planting, does not examine Considering to the problem started, the problem not accounting for epiphragma, also the feature not according to cane planting row has The order problem that various machinery is set of effect.
Therefore to solve the various problems of tradition cultivating tillage equipment, need badly arrange a kind of novel multi-functional many Row sugarcane planting machine.
Utility model content
A purpose of the present utility model is to solve full the problems referred to above less, and provides and entirely will be described later less Advantage.
This utility model is it is also an object that provide a kind of multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, and it arranges horizontal stroke Bar, multifunctional all machine is suspended on cross bar, and the spacing between multifunctional all machine can be along cross bar It is automatically adjusted.
This utility model is it is also an object that just plough plough device, seeding apparatus, fertilizer apparatus and epiphragma Device is effectively combined into multifunctional all machine according to the step of cane planting, and these devices are in line and set Put, improve plantation efficiency.
In order to realize according to these purposes of the present utility model and further advantage, it is provided that a kind of multi-functional many Row sugarcane planting machine, wherein, including:
Frame, it is at least provided with a cross bar;
Storage bin, it is arranged in described frame for placing seed to be sowed;And
Multifunctional all machine, it is suspended on the cross bar of frame movably, described multifunctional all Machine is more than two, has certain interval described in multiple stage between multifunctional all machine;
Wherein, described multifunctional all machine includes:
Ploughing plough device, it is suspended on described cross bar and is positioned at the lower section of storage bin for being broken up by earth;
Seeding apparatus, its upper and lower opening, centre have for sowing cavity, dead astern open wide, just before Side's closed is pointed at earth is outputed groove, is provided above funnel type charging aperture at seeding apparatus, Described charging aperture is obliquely installed and makes seed landing to described cavity, and described seeding apparatus is arranged on ploughs plough device Afterwards;
Fertilizer apparatus, it is fixed on the top of seeding apparatus for inputting fertilizer to the cavity of described sowing; And
Membrane covering device, after it is fixed on fertilizer apparatus, and with seeding apparatus and fertilizer apparatus with always On line, wherein, described membrane covering device include the bridge for setting up thin film, be arranged on bridge after for rolling The wheel of thin film and renovate the arc shovel of thin film after being arranged on wheel for returning soil, described arc shovel with The same straight line of outer rim of described bridge.
Preferably, in described multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, described multifunctional all machine is arranged Being two, the distance between described all-in-one multifunctional machine is set to 70,80,90,100,110 or 120cm.
Preferably, in described multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, storage bin is provided with and described charging The material taking mouth that mouth is corresponding.
Preferably, in described multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, described cavity is rectangular enclosure, its Width is 5-20cm, a length of 20-40cm.
Preferably, in described multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, described cultivated plough device includes:
Rotary shaft, it is suspended on described cross bar and parallel with cross bar;
Cutterhead, it is coaxially fixed in described rotary shaft and follows rotary shaft and rotates;
Rotary blade, it is equidistantly fixed on cutterhead along cutterhead circumferencial direction, described rotary blade at least provided with 4, the top complications of described rotary blade are arranged;
Actuating unit, it drives described rotary shaft.
Preferably, in described multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, described fertilizer apparatus includes:
Fertilizer bucket, has holding cavity inside it and bottom-open forms under shed;
Disk, its radius is more than described fertilizer bucket, and the lower section that described disk concentric locking collar is located at fertilizer bucket makes circle The outer ring of dish forms a cannelure, has space and disk between under shed and the disk of described fertilizer bucket Center raise up, make the fertilizer in disk be slipped in cannelure by space;
Driving means, it is arranged on the lower section of described disk for driving disk rotational;
Material scraping plate, it is fixed on described fertilizer bucket and stretches in described cannelure, and described material scraping plate is used for Outside the fertilizer in cannelure being shoveled cannelure when described disk rotational.
Preferably, in described multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, also including that fertilizer shovels, it is arranged on The lower section of described disk is for receiving the fertilizer of cannelure and fertilizer inputting the cavity of described seeding apparatus.
Preferably, in described multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, described frame be connected with dilatory and by Its driving moves;Described driving means is hydraulic motor, and described hydraulic motor and tractor are formed back Road.
Preferably, in described multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, described cross bar is provided with for increasing The screw thread of big friction.
This utility model at least includes following beneficial effect:
First, this utility model is arranged above with cross bar in frame, then by mobilizable for all-in-one multifunctional machine outstanding Hang on cross bar, secure all-in-one multifunctional machine the most well, and between all-in-one multifunctional machine between Away from being adjusted according to the line-spacing on cane planting ground, and owing to cross bar is provided above with screw thread, it is possible to Increasing friction force prevents from skidding.
Secondly, cultivated plough device, seeding apparatus, fertilizer apparatus and membrane covering device are integrated into by this utility model All-in-one multifunctional machine, in this all-in-one multifunctional machine according to cane planting ground ranks feature, by these devices According to linear array, making cane planting more smooth, plantation efficiency is more increased.
Meanwhile, fertilizer apparatus of the present utility model is provided with fertilizer bucket and disk, is provided with liquid below disk Pressure motor drives disk rotational, and disk is during rotating, and the fertilizer in disk is shoveled out by material scraping plate, Owing to hydraulic motor is more stable than conventional motor, and owing to hydraulic motor and tractor form the logical of oil circuit Road, therefore the power of hydraulic motor can be automatically adjusted according to line speed before tractor, thus realizes disk Being automatically adjusted of rotating speed, and then realize being automatically adjusted of dose.
Finally, seeding apparatus of the present utility model is provided with cavity, the dead astern opening of this cavity, just Front enclosed shape is pointed at, and both sides are parallel-laid into streamlined, and seeding apparatus can be made to output ditch on earth easily Groove, Caulis Sacchari sinensis and fertilizer fall into groove from this cavity again, and the design of such structure improves the efficiency of sowing, And seeding and fertilizing is became one.
Part is embodied by further advantage of the present utility model, target and feature by description below, part Also will be by research of the present utility model and practice be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine described in the utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings this utility model is described in further detail, to make those skilled in the art Can implement according to this with reference to description word.
Should be appreciated that used herein such as " have ", " comprising " and " including " term not Allot other element one or more or the existence of a combination thereof or interpolation.
As it is shown in figure 1, first this utility model is provided with frame, this frame is used for supporting storage bin with many Function integration machine, after multifunctional all machine and storage bin being arranged in frame, uses tractor to draw Drag frame to move ahead, for the ease of installing and regulate the distance between multiple stage multifunctional all machine to adapt to The line-spacing cultivated, can select to arrange cross bar in frame, and multifunctional all machine is detachably arranged in On cross bar and according to the distance between cross bar regulation multifunctional all machine.
Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind, for placing the Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind cut into chunks, is manually put into multifunctional integrated by storage bin Change machine can be sowed.
Multifunctional all machine includes: plough plough device, seeding apparatus, fertilizer apparatus and membrane covering device, These devices are that line style is arranged.
First plough plough device be suspended under cross bar and be positioned at the lower section of storage bin, plough plough device and include: be dynamic Force mechanisms, rotary shaft, cutterhead and rotary blade, actuating unit includes tractor and driving member, tractor Thering is provided power, impart power to rotary shaft by driving member and drive rotary shaft, rotary blade is fixed on cutter On dish, rotary shaft concentric zones movable knife disc rotates, thus drives rotary blade to carry out soil ploughing plough, rotary blade Radius determine plough plough the degree of depth, can select as required.
Being provided with seeding apparatus after cultivated plough device, before seeding apparatus, closed is pointed at, and rear is Opening wide, the cavity of intermediate formation sowing, during work, rived formation as machete in soil by wedge angle Gully, the Caulis Sacchari sinensis charging aperture from top enters cavity and falls into gully.
Fertilizer apparatus is arranged on the top of seeding apparatus, and fertilizer apparatus includes: fertilizer bucket, disk, driving Device and material scraping plate, be the cavity accommodating feedstuff in the middle of fertilizer bucket, lower openings and be covered with disk, circle The radius of dish be more than fertilizer bucket, so when disk is located at below fertilizer bucket can than fertilizer bucket a big circle, this Individual circle forms a cannelure, and the center of disk raises up, and so accelerates fertilizer and flows into annular In groove, the material scraping plate mated with cannelure is now set, when driving means drives disk constantly to rotate, Fertilizer in cannelure is scooped up in the cavity dropping to seeding apparatus by material scraping plate, it is achieved sows and applies fertilizer same Step is carried out.In order to make fertilizer all drop seeding apparatus cavity in, be additionally provided with fertilizer shovel at disk The fertilizer that shovels out from cannelure of received down, and fertilizer is imported in the cavity of seeding apparatus, and will Caulis Sacchari sinensis fills.
After membrane covering device is arranged on fertilizer apparatus, membrane covering device includes: set up thin film bridge, roll thin The wheel of film and the soil-returning shovel after being arranged on wheel, first bundle shape thin-film covering is located at the outside of bridge, During moving ahead, thin film constantly rolls and is laid on above gully, and wheel below is by film compression, so Rear soil-returning shovel is constantly digged and is filled the outside of thin film.
The needs cultivated according to Caulis Sacchari sinensis, the line-spacing in arable land is divided into 70,80,90,100,110 or 120cm, Therefore the distance between multifunctional all machine is correspondingly arranged is 70,80,90,100,110 or 120cm.
Take for convenience Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind, storage bin should be provided with the material taking mouth corresponding with charging aperture, Workman is taken Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind by material taking mouth from storage bin, is then put into charging aperture, enters and slides into sowing The cavity of device, finally drops in gully.
The cavity size of seeding apparatus is the most exquisite, and it should be set to rectangle, makes the gully outputed more Straight, width is set to 5-20cm, and length is set to 20-40cm, enables the gully outputed to accommodate sweet Sugarcane kind also just can be filled up by fertilizer.Such structure is arranged simplifies most, does not wastes.
Disk use fluid motor-driven in fertilizer apparatus can be more stable than traditional motor, disk Rotating speed is the fastest, and the speed of fertilising is the fastest, and the gait of march of speed and tractor in order to make fertilising coordinates, With uniform of application amount, by oil circuit and the oil communication of tractor of hydraulic motor, the power of tractor is the biggest Gait of march is the fastest, and the rotation of hydraulic motor is the fastest, thus improves the rotating speed of disk and the row of tractor Entering speed to match, vice versa.
Although embodiment of the present utility model is disclosed as above, but it is not restricted to description and reality Execute listed in mode utilization.It can be applied to various applicable field of the present utility model completely.For For those skilled in the art, it is easily achieved other amendment.Therefore without departing substantially from claim And under the general concept that limited of equivalency range, this utility model is not limited to specific details and shows here The legend gone out and describe.

Claims (9)

1. a multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine, wherein, including:
Frame, it is at least provided with a cross bar;
Storage bin, it is arranged in described frame for placing seed to be sowed;And
Multifunctional all machine, it is suspended on the cross bar of frame movably, described multifunctional all Machine is more than two, has certain interval described in multiple stage between multifunctional all machine;
Wherein, described multifunctional all machine includes:
Ploughing plough device, it is suspended on described cross bar and is positioned at the lower section of storage bin for being broken up by earth;
Seeding apparatus, its upper and lower opening, centre have for sowing cavity, dead astern open wide, just before Side's closed is pointed at earth is outputed groove, is provided above funnel type charging aperture at seeding apparatus, Described charging aperture is obliquely installed and makes seed landing to described cavity, and described seeding apparatus is arranged on ploughs plough device Afterwards;
Fertilizer apparatus, it is fixed on the top of seeding apparatus for inputting fertilizer to the cavity of described sowing; And
Membrane covering device, after it is fixed on fertilizer apparatus, and with seeding apparatus and fertilizer apparatus with always On line, wherein, described membrane covering device include the bridge for setting up thin film, be arranged on bridge after for rolling The wheel of thin film and renovate the arc shovel of thin film after being arranged on wheel for returning soil, described arc shovel with The same straight line of outer rim of described bridge.
Multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine the most as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described multifunctional integrated Change machine is set to two, the distance between described all-in-one multifunctional machine is set to 70,80,90,100, 110 or 120cm.
Multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine the most as claimed in claim 1, wherein, storage bin be provided with The material taking mouth that described charging aperture is corresponding.
Multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine the most as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described cavity is rectangle Cavity, its width is 5-20cm, a length of 20-40cm.
Multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine the most as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described cultivated plough device bag Include:
Rotary shaft, it is suspended on described cross bar and parallel with cross bar;
Cutterhead, it is coaxially fixed in described rotary shaft and follows rotary shaft and rotates;
Rotary blade, it is equidistantly fixed on cutterhead along cutterhead circumferencial direction, described rotary blade at least provided with 4, the top complications of described rotary blade are arranged;
Actuating unit, it drives described rotary shaft.
Multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine the most as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described fertilizer apparatus bag Include:
Fertilizer bucket, has holding cavity inside it and bottom-open forms under shed;
Disk, its radius is more than described fertilizer bucket, and the lower section that described disk concentric locking collar is located at fertilizer bucket makes circle The outer ring of dish forms a cannelure, has space and disk between under shed and the disk of described fertilizer bucket Center raise up, make the fertilizer in disk be slipped in cannelure by space;
Driving means, it is arranged on the lower section of described disk for driving disk rotational;
Material scraping plate, it is fixed on described fertilizer bucket and stretches in described cannelure, and described material scraping plate is used for Outside the fertilizer in cannelure being shoveled cannelure when described disk rotational.
Multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine the most as claimed in claim 6, wherein, also includes that fertilizer shovels, It is arranged on the lower section of described disk for receiving the fertilizer of cannelure and fertilizer inputting described seeding apparatus Cavity.
Multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine the most as claimed in claim 6, wherein, described frame is with dilatory Connect and be driven by moving;Described driving means is hydraulic motor, and described hydraulic motor is with dilatory Machine forms loop.
Multi-functional multirow sugarcane planting machine the most as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described cross bar is arranged There is the screw thread for increasing friction.
CN201620254141.0U 2016-03-30 2016-03-30 Multi -functional multirow sugarcane planter Expired - Fee Related CN205596533U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105723841A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-06 广西华浩糖业科技开发有限公司 Multifunctional multi-row sugarcane planter
CN110741792A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-02-04 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Rail-dividing type sugarcane fertilizing and seed-metering machine
CN112567910A (en) * 2019-09-27 2021-03-30 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Vertical-row type sugarcane precision seeder

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105723841A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-06 广西华浩糖业科技开发有限公司 Multifunctional multi-row sugarcane planter
CN112567910A (en) * 2019-09-27 2021-03-30 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Vertical-row type sugarcane precision seeder
CN110741792A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-02-04 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Rail-dividing type sugarcane fertilizing and seed-metering machine

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160928

Termination date: 20200330