CN205431016U - Chase after water -soluble fertile machine of executing - Google Patents

Chase after water -soluble fertile machine of executing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205431016U
CN205431016U CN201620161800.6U CN201620161800U CN205431016U CN 205431016 U CN205431016 U CN 205431016U CN 201620161800 U CN201620161800 U CN 201620161800U CN 205431016 U CN205431016 U CN 205431016U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilising
pipe
water soluble
soluble fertilizer
wheel
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620161800.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
阎旭东
孙世军
陈善义
肖宇
刘震
徐玉鹏
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Cangzhou Academy Of Agriculture And Forestry Sciences
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Cangzhou Academy Of Agriculture And Forestry Sciences
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Priority to CN201620161800.6U priority Critical patent/CN205431016U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205431016U publication Critical patent/CN205431016U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a chase after water -soluble fertile machine of executing, includes the frame, the rack mounting is at the tractor rear, be provided with can fertilizer, outlet pipe, mainstream pipe, shunt tubes, flow pump, fertilization pipe in the frame, fertilize and take turns and the covering device, fertilizeing and taking turns including the rotating member and set up the side wheel in the rotating member both sides, two side wheels are the V -arrangement, fertilize the pipe setting between two side wheels to execute fertilizer on the rotating member, the covering device sets up at the wheel rear of fertilizeing, ditch earthing that the wheel that will fertilize was seted up, the water -soluble fertilizer of control that can be accurate chase after the volume of executing, only need just moreover to accomplish all actions in the driver's cabin, the row spacing of the fertilization point of whole machine is adjustable simultaneously, the fertilization degree of depth is adjustable, the solubility height of water -soluble fertilizer moreover, overall structure is simple, convenient operation, the cooperation between every structure is very inseparable moreover, has improved the economic benefits and the social of crops plantings.

Description

Impose Water soluble fertilizer machine
Technical field
This utility model design agricultural machinery technological field, particularly relates to one and imposes Water soluble fertilizer machine.
Background technology
China's Heilongjing River refers mainly to be positioned at Hebei province, Shandong Province and Circum-Bohai Sea Lowland plain, Tianjin, relates to cultivated area more than 3,000 ten thousand mu, and more than 60% is middle-and-low-yielding fields, wherein supports dry farming (prosthetic irrigation conditions area) for rain for 1,500,000 mu.This district's annual rainfall is typically at 400mm 600mm, and the rainfall of more than 80% concentrates on July between JIUYUE, and completely by sky kind ground, and skewness, between year border, fluctuation is big.And remaining 9 months just Semen Tritici aestivi the season of growth (traditional winter wheat planting technology typically in early October sow, Second Year mid or late June gather in the crops.), rainfall is only 150mm-250mm, and the transpiration coefficient of Semen Tritici aestivi is (also known as water requirement, refer to the moisture grams of the rising consumption of 1 gram of dry of phytosynthesis institute) it is 257-774, higher than autumn crops Winter-Spring arid happens occasionally by about one time, has a strong impact on winter wheat growth and grows.Tradition dry land wheat yields poorly and unstable, generally 100-150kg/ mu.In addition to by arid restriction, soil fertility deficiency is the another principal element causing dry land wheat to yield poorly.The period of duration of Semen Tritici aestivi is longer, big to the demand of fertilizer, the easy fertilizer deficiency of late growth stage.Owing to this region spring arid is serious, can not water again in nonirrigated farmland, does not waters water and then chases after and do not spread manure, and turn green spring of Semen Tritici aestivi be the phase of standing up on the occasion of the Spike development critical period, directly affects its spikelet number and the differentiation of grain number per spike and formation, and then affects last yield.Therefore, taking off fertilizer spring is the major reason causing this area's wheat yield low.
Therefore, during wheat planting, impose Water soluble fertilizer technology spring by dry land wheat, solve dry land wheat and chase after the problem do not spread manure spring, it is ensured that the Semen Tritici aestivi later stage nourishes and grows demand, and dry land wheat imposes Water soluble fertilizer technology, only use 1m for every mu spring3Water, water consumption is few.Fertilizer applies after fully dissolving, and beneficially wheat root absorbs, and utilization rate of fertilizer is high, obvious effect of increasing production, and test shows, imposes the plot of Water soluble fertilizer spring, the average every mu of volume increase more than 30% of wheatland can not be able to topdressed than spring, obvious effect of increasing production.
But, topdressing for Semen Tritici aestivi at present, apply fertilizer, be typically all and use manual type to carry out, this mode effect is all right, fertilising ratio is more uniform, but labor intensity is big, although some local employing occurred is trail-type topdresses, fertilizer machinery, it is achieved that mechanized application, improve work efficiency, but the controllability of its fertilising and success rate are the highest, and often result in problems such as damaging wheat seedling by pressure, cause grain drop in production.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of simple in construction, effective, full automation, will not damage by pressure wheat seedling, work efficiency high impose Water soluble fertilizer machine.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model provides one to impose Water soluble fertilizer machine, including frame, described rack, at rear tractor, described frame is provided with receptacle, outlet pipe, main flow pipe, isocon, flow pump, fertilising pipe, fertilising wheel and coverer;
It is equiped with Water soluble fertilizer in described receptacle, the bottom of receptacle is provided with apopore, one end of described outlet pipe is connected with apopore, the other end is connected with main flow pipe, described isocon is multiple, and one end of isocon is connected with main flow pipe, and the other end is connected with flow pump, flow pump is connected with fertilising pipe, and flow pump each controls the flow of fertilising pipe;
Described fertilising wheel includes revolving part and is arranged on the side wheel of revolving part both sides, and two side wheels are V-shaped, and fertilising pipe is arranged between two side wheels, and is executed by fertilizer on revolving part, and described coverer is arranged on fertilising wheel rear, the ditch earthing offered by fertilising wheel.
For reducing the damage to Caulis et Folium Tritici aestivi to the full extent, this utility model improves to be had, and described frame is additionally provided with furrower disc, and described furrower disc includes the protruding bar that runner and reflexive are arranged on runner, and described furrower disc is arranged on the front of fertilising wheel.
For reduce rigid shock shine into fertilising wheel damage, this utility model improve have, described fertilising take turns with frame between be provided with buffer spring,
For convenience of the control of whole machine, this utility model improves to be had, and described frame is provided with controller, and described controller controls the running of flow pump, and described controller is single-chip microcomputer or PLC.
This utility model improves to be had, and described coverer includes link and earthing dish, and described link is connected with frame, and described earthing dish is multiple, is connected with link by line, is connected by line between adjacent earthing dish.
This utility model improves to be had, and described earthing dish is circular metal dish.
This utility model improves to be had, and described frame is taken turns the one end that is connected and is provided with bar-shaped trough with fertilising, and fertilising wheel is fixed on bar-shaped trough, and the distance between adjacent fertilising wheel is adjustable by the fixed position of bar-shaped trough.
This utility model improves to be had, described frame includes fixed mount and vertical movable stand, longitudinal bar-shaped trough it is provided with on described fixed mount, described vertical movable stand is connected with fixed mount by bolt, and the lengthwise position of vertical movable stand can be regulated, described receptacle arranges in frame, and described main flow pipe, isocon, flow pump, fertilising pipe, fertilising wheel and coverer are arranged on vertical movable stand.
Water soluble fertilizer dissolving in receptacle for convenience, this utility model improves to be had, and is provided with agitator in described fertilizing box
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: new structure impose Water soluble fertilizer machine, the amount of imposing of Water soluble fertilizer can be accurately controlled, and in driver's cabin, only just need to can complete everything, the line-spacing of the fertilising point of the most whole machine is adjustable, fertilization depth is adjustable, and the dissolubility of Water soluble fertilizer is high, overall structure is simple, easy to operate, and the cooperation between each structure is closely, improves economic benefit and the social benefit of proportion of crop planting.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation imposing Water soluble fertilizer machine of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing illustrates: 1-frame;2-receptacle;3-outlet pipe;4-main flow pipe;5-isocon;6-flow pump;7-applies fertilizer pipe;8-applies fertilizer wheel;9-coverer;10-agitator;11-furrower disc;111-runner;112-projection bar.
Detailed description of the invention
By describing technology contents of the present utility model, structural feature in detail, being realized purpose and effect, below in conjunction with embodiment and coordinate accompanying drawing to be explained in detail.
Referring to the drawings 1, the utility model proposes this utility model provides one to impose Water soluble fertilizer machine, including frame 1, described frame 1 is assemblied in rear tractor, and described frame 1 is provided with receptacle 2, outlet pipe 3, main flow pipe 4, isocon 5, flow pump 6, fertilising pipe 7, fertilising wheel 8 and coverer 9;
It is equiped with Water soluble fertilizer in described receptacle 2, the bottom of receptacle 2 is provided with apopore, one end of described outlet pipe 3 is connected with apopore, the other end is connected with main flow pipe 4, described isocon 5 is multiple, and one end of isocon 5 is connected with main flow pipe 4, and the other end is connected with flow pump 6, flow pump 6 is connected with fertilising pipe 7, and flow pump 6 each controls the flow of fertilising pipe 7;
Concrete, the built-in full Water soluble fertilizer of receptacle 2 in this utility model, it is not necessary to substantial amounts of clear water can be formed, in this enforcement, Water soluble fertilizer dissolving in receptacle 2 for convenience, being provided with agitator 10 in receptacle 2, described agitator 10 uses common agitator 10, concrete, including motor and stirring branch, described stirring branch includes puddler and the poking bar being arranged on puddler, the rotation of driven by motor stirring branch, and then improves the dissolution velocity of Water soluble fertilizer.
During tractor promotes forward, Water soluble fertilizer after dissolving is flowed out by outlet pipe 3, and it flow to main flow pipe 4, main flow pipe 4 shunts and flow to each isocon 5 respectively, control to flow to flow velocity and the flow of fertilising pipe 7 from isocon 5 by flow pump 6, growing state according to Semen Tritici aestivi and the condition of production in soil, select suitable flow velocity and flow.
The control of concrete flow pump 6, can be controlled by controller, and described controller is single-chip microcomputer or PLC, and controller also controls the action of all electrical parts in frame 1, and user directly can complete all operations in driver's cabin.
In the present embodiment, described frame 1 being additionally provided with furrower disc 11, described furrower disc 11 includes that the protruding bar 112 that runner 111 and reflexive are arranged on runner 111, described furrower disc 11 are arranged on the front of fertilising wheel 8.
During machine is progressive, furrower disc 11 rotates, the sprocket wheel that rotates through of furrower disc 11 directly introduces in electromotor, during furrower disc 11 rotates, directly treat fertilizer placement tentatively to loosen the soil, trench digging, facilitates the entrance of later stage fertilising wheel 8, reduces the damage to Caulis et Folium Tritici aestivi to the full extent.
Described fertilising wheel 8 includes revolving part and is arranged on the side wheel of revolving part both sides, and two side wheels are V-shaped, and fertilising pipe 7 is arranged between two side wheels, and is executed by fertilizer on revolving part, and described coverer 9 is arranged on fertilising wheel 8 rears, the ditch earthing offered by fertilising wheel 8.
The design of v-shaped structure, makes fertilising wheel 8 can preferably enter dressing furrow, and fertilizer, by the rotation of fertilising wheel 8, is spilled into dressing furrow by fertilising pipe 7 uniformly.
In the present embodiment, between described fertilising wheel 8 and frame 1, it is provided with buffer spring, reduces rigid shock and shine into the damage of fertilising wheel 8.
After ditching-fertilizing, need dressing furrow is carried out earthing, in the present embodiment, described coverer 9 includes link and earthing dish, described link is connected with frame 1, described earthing dish is multiple, it is connected with link by line, is connected by line between adjacent earthing dish, during whole machine moves forward, earthing dish hangs and is located at link rear, and drag on the ground during movement, the distance ensured between adjacent earthing dish is connected by line, concrete, line can use iron chains etc., it is ensured that its bonding strength.
In the present embodiment, described earthing dish is circular metal dish, has certain weight, it can be allowed to fit with ground all the time, it is ensured that the quality of work.
In the present embodiment, described frame 1 is provided with bar-shaped trough with fertilising wheel 8 one end that is connected, fertilising wheel 8 is fixed on bar-shaped trough, distance between adjacent fertilising wheel 8 is adjustable by the fixed position of bar-shaped trough, according to concrete Semen Tritici aestivi line-spacing, adjust the distance between adjacent fertilising wheel 8, corresponding, it is ensured that the integrity of whole work.
In the present embodiment, described frame 1 includes fixed mount and vertical movable stand, longitudinal bar-shaped trough it is provided with on described fixed mount, described vertical movable stand is connected with fixed mount by bolt, and the lengthwise position of vertical movable stand can be regulated, described receptacle 2 arranges in frame 1, described main flow pipe 4, isocon 5, flow pump 6, fertilising pipe 7, fertilising wheel 8 and coverer 9 are arranged on vertical movable stand, lengthwise position is adjustable, it is exactly to adjust fertilization depth, different structures of topdressing can also be selected according to different plantation occasions.
By fertilization depth and the adjustment of line-spacing, making the adaptability imposing Water soluble fertilizer machine wider, a machine can realize topdressing of multiple occasion.
The foregoing is only embodiment of the present utility model; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present utility model is limited; every equivalent structure utilizing this utility model description and accompanying drawing content to be made or equivalence flow process conversion; or directly or indirectly it is used in other relevant technical fields, the most in like manner it is included in scope of patent protection of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. one kind imposes Water soluble fertilizer machine, it is characterised in that include frame, and described rack, at rear tractor, described frame is provided with receptacle, outlet pipe, main flow pipe, isocon, flow pump, fertilising pipe, fertilising wheel and coverer;
It is equiped with Water soluble fertilizer in described receptacle, the bottom of receptacle is provided with apopore, one end of described outlet pipe is connected with apopore, the other end is connected with main flow pipe, described isocon is multiple, and one end of isocon is connected with main flow pipe, and the other end is connected with flow pump, flow pump is connected with fertilising pipe, and flow pump each controls the flow of fertilising pipe;
Described fertilising wheel includes revolving part and is arranged on the side wheel of revolving part both sides, and two side wheels are V-shaped, and fertilising pipe is arranged between two side wheels, and is executed by fertilizer on revolving part, and described coverer is arranged on fertilising wheel rear, the ditch earthing offered by fertilising wheel.
The most according to claim 1 imposing Water soluble fertilizer machine, it is characterised in that being additionally provided with furrower disc in described frame, described furrower disc includes the protruding bar that runner and reflexive are arranged on runner, described furrower disc is arranged on the front of fertilising wheel.
The most according to claim 1 impose Water soluble fertilizer machine, it is characterised in that between described fertilising wheel and frame, be provided with buffer spring.
The most according to claim 1 imposing Water soluble fertilizer machine, it is characterised in that be provided with controller in described frame, described controller controls the running of flow pump, and described controller is single-chip microcomputer or PLC.
The most according to claim 1 impose Water soluble fertilizer machine, it is characterised in that described coverer includes link and earthing dish, and described link is connected with frame, and described earthing dish is multiple, is connected with link by line, is connected by line between adjacent earthing dish.
The most according to claim 5 impose Water soluble fertilizer machine, it is characterised in that described earthing dish is circular metal dish.
The most according to claim 1 impose Water soluble fertilizer machine, it is characterised in that the described frame one end that is connected with fertilising wheel is provided with bar-shaped trough, and fertilising wheel is fixed on bar-shaped trough, and the fixed position that the distance between adjacent fertilising wheel passes through bar-shaped trough is adjustable.
The most according to claim 1 impose Water soluble fertilizer machine, it is characterized in that, described frame includes fixed mount and vertical movable stand, longitudinal bar-shaped trough it is provided with on described fixed mount, described vertical movable stand is connected with fixed mount by bolt, and the lengthwise position of vertical movable stand can be regulated, described receptacle arranges in frame, and described main flow pipe, isocon, flow pump, fertilising pipe, fertilising wheel and coverer are arranged on vertical movable stand.
The most according to claim 1 impose Water soluble fertilizer machine, it is characterised in that in described fertilizing box, be provided with agitator.
CN201620161800.6U 2016-03-03 2016-03-03 Chase after water -soluble fertile machine of executing Expired - Fee Related CN205431016U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620161800.6U CN205431016U (en) 2016-03-03 2016-03-03 Chase after water -soluble fertile machine of executing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620161800.6U CN205431016U (en) 2016-03-03 2016-03-03 Chase after water -soluble fertile machine of executing

Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105766201A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-07-20 沧州市农林科学院 Equipment and method for applying additional water-soluble fertilizers to medicago

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105766201A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-07-20 沧州市农林科学院 Equipment and method for applying additional water-soluble fertilizers to medicago

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160810

Termination date: 20170303