CN205052181U - Handheld field harvester - Google Patents

Handheld field harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205052181U
CN205052181U CN201520817596.4U CN201520817596U CN205052181U CN 205052181 U CN205052181 U CN 205052181U CN 201520817596 U CN201520817596 U CN 201520817596U CN 205052181 U CN205052181 U CN 205052181U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
grain
screen tray
sheller unit
blade
separating opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520817596.4U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓潇
邓其明
曾红
杨阳
张绍文
冯浪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Sichuan Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Agricultural University filed Critical Sichuan Agricultural University
Priority to CN201520817596.4U priority Critical patent/CN205052181U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205052181U publication Critical patent/CN205052181U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of a machine is received in handheld field, including thresher, walking wheel, arrange miscellaneous mouth, handrail, reduction gear, header, blade collector, grain outlet, pocket, belt pulley, the axle of threshing, antifriction bearing, first screen tray, second screen tray, the separation of saturation grain mouthful, flat grain separation mouthful, blade separation mouthful, pull out the standing grain ware, carry the cochain, pull out the standing grain star gear, cutting knife, the middle upward connecting rod of chain and promotion of carrying down, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: this harvester simple structure, the quality is lighter, and people are handheld light, low in manufacturing cost, work efficiency is high, safe and reliable, first screen tray and second screen tray screen out and pack saturation into kind of bag receipts and plant saturation grain, flat grain through the sieve mesh, reap in suitable different fields, and saturation grain separation mouthful, flat grain separation mouthful and blade separation mouthful can be isolated the saturation grain and the flat grain that reap, and kind of the bag of packing into is separately carried to the after -separating, is fit for the field and receives kind, reserve seed for planting. Blade separation mouth needs pack the complete blade of part into kind of bag so that molecule experiment use is done in the laboratory. All the other weeds are discharged from the afterbody.

Description

Hand-held field grain header
Technical field
The utility model relates to grain header, is specially hand-held field grain header, belongs to agriculture production of hybrid seeds harvesting machinery.
Background technology
The development trend of grain header is with further weight reduction with new material; Adopt low vibration engine with advanced vibration damping and vibration isolation device and reasonable disposition parts, to reduce the harm of vibration to human body; Improve processing and assembly precision, the improvement suction and discharge system of machinery, with reducing noise; Set up various safety guard, to improve operational security; Suspension type brush saw is set up shrub shredding mechanism, simplifies the cleaning process cutting off shrub and support facility weight by road wheel, promote machine by people and advance, undertaken cutting farm work by engine driving operation parts.Its structure is similar with portable field machine with operation principle.Linkage-mounted harvester is suspended on after tractor, drives workpiece to rotate, be applicable to large area farm work by power take-off.Primarily of compositions such as frame, saw blade, transmission device, suspension arrangement and push pedals.
Current China grain header comes with some shortcomings part, and the volume of complete machine is comparatively large, quality weight, and run inconvenience, oil supply is larger; These large-scale harvester can not be applicable to less field; And invention is not applicable to the hand-held harvesting apparatus of agricultural working personnel for field sowing at present, agricultural working personnel sowing oneself can only be gone to the field and separately gathered in and complete production of hybrid seeds pack in indoor, process very complicated.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is just to provide hand-held field grain header to solve the problem.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions above-mentioned purpose, a kind of hand-held field grain header, comprises sheller unit, road wheel, impurity discharging port, handrail, decelerator, the ceding of Taiwan, blade collector, grain export, pocket, belt pulley, threshing axle, rolling bearing, the first screen tray, the second screen tray, saturated grain separating opening, flat grain separating opening, blade separating opening, seedling-plucking device, conveying cochain, pulling star-wheel, cutter, the lower chain of middle conveying and promotes upper connecting rod; Described sheller unit is installed between two road wheels and described sheller unit one end is provided with impurity discharging port; Described sheller unit is connected to ceding of Taiwan sidewall by promoting upper connecting rod, and described sheller unit surface is provided with decelerator; Described sheller unit one end is provided with the handrail that is positioned at impurity discharging port side and described sheller unit side is provided with blade collector; Described sheller unit side is provided with grain export and pocket, and described pocket is positioned at grain export side; Described sheller unit inside is provided with threshing axle, and described threshing axle one end is provided with belt pulley; Described threshing axle two ends are provided with rolling bearing and described belt pulley is positioned at rolling bearing side; Described threshing axle side is provided with the first screen tray and the second screen tray, and described first screen tray is positioned at the second screen tray top; Described second screen tray bottom is provided with saturated grain separating opening, flat grain separating opening and blade separating opening, and described flat grain separating opening is between described saturated grain separating opening and described blade separating opening; Described ceding of Taiwan inside is provided with seedling-plucking device and described seedling-plucking device and pulling star-wheel compact siro spinning technology; Described pulling star-wheel side is provided with the lower chain of middle conveying, and the described lower chain side of middle conveying is provided with the cutter being positioned at ceding of Taiwan madial wall; Described ceding of Taiwan inside is provided with the conveying cochain being positioned at the lower chain side of middle conveying.
Preferably, described road wheel is bolted to connection in bearing two ends.
Preferably, described impurity discharging port is arc-shaped structure, and described impurity discharging port one end is lower than sheller unit bottom.
Preferably, described surface of handrail is provided with several controlling organizations and described handrail one end is provided with rubber handle.
Preferably, described decelerator be installed on sheller unit surface and described decelerator by the belt pulley compact siro spinning technology of belt and described sheller unit inside.
Preferably, described threshing axle surface is provided with several projections, and described threshing axle and rolling bearing junction are provided with draw-in groove.
Preferably, described first screen tray and the second screen tray inside are provided with several equally distributed meshes and described first screen tray is larger than the mesh of the second screen tray.
Preferably, described cutter inside is provided with the little cutting knife of several interlocks.
Preferably, in described lifting connecting rod one end be installed on the ceding of Taiwan inner and in described lifting the connecting rod other end to be installed on the hydraulic cylinder of sheller unit inside inner.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: this grain header structure is simple, lighter weight, people's portable handheld, low cost of manufacture, and operating efficiency is high, safe and reliable, and saturated grain is screened by the difference of mesh by the first screen tray and the second screen tray; The harvesting of suitable different fields, the saturated grain of harvesting and flat grain can be separated by saturated grain separating opening, flat grain separating opening and blade separating opening, separately carry pack, be applicable to promoting the use of after separation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is vertical view described in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is sheller unit interior schematic diagram described in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is ceding of Taiwan structural representation described in the utility model;
In figure: 1, sheller unit, 2, road wheel, 3, impurity discharging port, 4, handrail, 5, decelerator, 6, the ceding of Taiwan, 7, blade collector, 8, grain export, 9, pocket, 10, belt pulley, 11, threshing axle, 12, rolling bearing, 13, the first screen tray, the 14, second screen tray, 15, saturated grain separating opening, 16, flat grain separating opening, 17, blade separating opening, 61, seedling-plucking device, 62, conveying cochain, 63, pulling star-wheel, 64, cutter, 65, the lower chain of middle conveying, 66, connecting rod in lifting.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment, obviously, described embodiment is only the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
Refer to Fig. 1-4, hand-held field grain header, comprises sheller unit 1, road wheel 2, impurity discharging port 3, handrail 4, decelerator 5, the ceding of Taiwan 6, blade collector 7, grain export 8, pocket 9, belt pulley 10, threshing axle 11, rolling bearing 12, first screen tray 13, second screen tray 14, saturated grain separating opening 15, flat grain separating opening 16, blade separating opening 17, seedling-plucking device 61, conveying cochain 62, pulling star-wheel 63, cutter 64, the lower chain 65 of middle conveying and promotes upper connecting rod 66; Described sheller unit 1 is installed between two road wheels 2 and described sheller unit 1 one end is provided with impurity discharging port 3; Described sheller unit 1 is connected to the ceding of Taiwan 6 sidewall by promoting upper connecting rod 66, and described sheller unit 1 surface is provided with decelerator 5; Described sheller unit 1 one end is provided with the handrail 4 that is positioned at impurity discharging port 3 side and described sheller unit 1 side is provided with blade collector 7; Described sheller unit 1 side is provided with grain export 8 and pocket 9, and described pocket 9 is positioned at grain export 8 side; Described sheller unit 1 inside is provided with threshing axle 11, and described threshing axle 11 one end is provided with belt pulley 10; Described threshing axle 11 two ends are provided with rolling bearing 12 and described belt pulley 10 is positioned at rolling bearing 12 side; Described threshing axle 11 side is provided with the first screen tray 13 and the second screen tray 14, and described first screen tray 13 is positioned at the second screen tray 14 top; Described second screen tray 14 bottom is provided with saturated grain separating opening 15, flat grain separating opening 16 and blade separating opening 17, and described flat grain separating opening 16 is separated between 15 mouthfuls and described blade separating opening 17 at described saturated grain; The described ceding of Taiwan 6 inside is provided with seedling-plucking device 61 and described seedling-plucking device 61 and pulling star-wheel 63 compact siro spinning technology; Described pulling star-wheel 63 side is provided with the lower chain 65 of middle conveying, and described lower chain 65 side of middle conveying is provided with the cutter 64 being positioned at the ceding of Taiwan 6 madial wall; The described ceding of Taiwan 6 inside is provided with the conveying cochain 62 being positioned at lower chain 65 side of middle conveying.
As a kind of technical optimization scheme of the present utility model: described road wheel 2 is bolted to connection in bearing two ends; Described impurity discharging port 3 is arc-shaped structure, and described impurity discharging port 3 one end is lower than sheller unit 1 bottom; Described handrail 4 surface is provided with several controlling organizations and described handrail 4 one end is provided with rubber handle; Described decelerator 5 be installed on sheller unit 1 surface and described decelerator 5 by belt pulley 10 compact siro spinning technology of belt and described sheller unit 1 inside; Described threshing axle 11 surface is provided with several projections, and described threshing axle 11 and rolling bearing 12 junction are provided with draw-in groove; Described first screen tray 13 and the second screen tray 14 inside is provided with several equally distributed meshes and the mesh of described first screen tray 13 to the second screen tray 14 is large; Described cutter 6 inside is provided with the little cutting knife of several interlocks; In described lifting connecting rod 66 one end be installed on the ceding of Taiwan 6 inner and in described lifting connecting rod 66 other end to be installed on the hydraulic cylinder of sheller unit 1 inside inner.
In use, harvest worker opens the switch of handrail side to the utility model, and grain header is run, and road wheel starts walking under the manipulation of harvest worker, and the ceding of Taiwan normally runs and starts to gather in.In lifting, connecting rod can be regulated and controled by the height of the hydraulic system of sheller unit inside to the ceding of Taiwan, crops can be drawn in ceding of Taiwan inside by the seedling-plucking device of ceding of Taiwan front end, the cutter of ceding of Taiwan inside can cut crops, and the crops after cutting can deliver into sheller unit inside by conveying cochain and the lower chain of middle conveying.Crops one enter sheller unit inside and are coupling tactile with threshing, and threshing axle will carry out threshing to crops; When threshing, the first screen tray and the second screen tray are started working, first screen tray screens, some grass cutting blades can be sifted out come, saturated grain and flat grain are separated by the second screen tray, full grain and flat grain is made to carry out discharging from saturated grain separating opening and flat grain separating opening, saturated grain discharging and flat grain go out grain on the left of sheller unit, and the pocket that flat grain is installed on sheller unit sidewall is inner; Blade under the effect of blower fan from the blade separating opening discharging on right side; Enter blade collector inner.Some foreign material can be delivered to impurity discharging port by the blower fan of sheller unit inside, and foreign material can be directly disposed to grain header afterbody by impurity discharging port, complete harvesting.
To those skilled in the art, obvious the utility model is not limited to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and when not deviating from spirit of the present utility model or essential characteristic, can realize the utility model in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which point, all should embodiment be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present utility model is limited by claims instead of above-mentioned explanation, and all changes be therefore intended in the implication of the equivalency by dropping on claim and scope are included in the utility model.Any Reference numeral in claim should be considered as the claim involved by limiting.
In addition, be to be understood that, although this specification is described according to embodiment, but not each embodiment only comprises an independently technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only for clarity sake, those skilled in the art should by specification integrally, and the technical scheme in each embodiment also through appropriately combined, can form other embodiments that it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that.

Claims (9)

1. a hand-held field grain header, comprise sheller unit (1), road wheel (2), impurity discharging port (3), handrail (4), decelerator (5), the ceding of Taiwan (6), blade collector (7), grain export (8), pocket (9), belt pulley (10), threshing axle (11), rolling bearing (12), first screen tray (13), second screen tray (14), saturated grain separating opening (15), flat grain separating opening (16), blade separating opening (17), seedling-plucking device (61), conveying cochain (62), pulling star-wheel (63), cutter (64), the lower chain (65) of middle conveying and the upper connecting rod (66) of lifting, it is characterized in that: described sheller unit (1) is installed between two road wheels (2) and described sheller unit (1) one end is provided with impurity discharging port (3), described sheller unit (1) is connected to the ceding of Taiwan (6) sidewall by promoting upper connecting rod (66), and described sheller unit (1) surface is provided with decelerator (5), described sheller unit (1) one end is provided with the handrail (4) that is positioned at impurity discharging port (3) side and described sheller unit (1) side is provided with blade collector (7), described sheller unit (1) side is provided with grain export (8) and pocket (9), and described pocket (9) is positioned at grain export (8) side, described sheller unit (1) inside is provided with threshing axle (11), and described threshing axle (11) one end is provided with belt pulley (10), described threshing axle (11) two ends are provided with rolling bearing (12) and described belt pulley (10) is positioned at rolling bearing (12) side, described threshing axle (11) side is provided with the first screen tray (13) and the second screen tray (14), and described first screen tray (13) is positioned at the second screen tray (14) top, described second screen tray (14) bottom is provided with saturated grain separating opening (15), flat grain separating opening (16) and blade separating opening (17), and described flat grain separating opening (16) is positioned between described saturated grain separation (15) mouth and described blade separating opening (17), the described ceding of Taiwan (6) inside is provided with seedling-plucking device (61) and described seedling-plucking device (61) and pulling star-wheel (63) compact siro spinning technology, described pulling star-wheel (63) side is provided with the lower chain (65) of middle conveying, and described lower chain (65) side of middle conveying is provided with the cutter (64) being positioned at the ceding of Taiwan (6) madial wall, the described ceding of Taiwan (6) inside is provided with the conveying cochain (62) being positioned at lower chain (65) side of middle conveying.
2. hand-held field according to claim 1 grain header, is characterized in that: described road wheel (2) is bolted to connection in bearing two ends.
3. hand-held field according to claim 1 and 2 grain header, it is characterized in that: described impurity discharging port (3) is arc-shaped structure, and described impurity discharging port (3) one end is lower than sheller unit (1) bottom.
4. hand-held field according to claim 3 grain header, is characterized in that: described handrail (4) surface is provided with several controlling organizations and described handrail (4) one end is provided with rubber handle.
5. the hand-held field grain header according to claim 1 or 4, is characterized in that: described decelerator (5) be installed on sheller unit (1) surface and described decelerator (5) by belt pulley (10) compact siro spinning technology of belt and described sheller unit (1) inside.
6. hand-held field according to claim 5 grain header, is characterized in that: described threshing axle (11) surface is provided with several projections, and described threshing axle (11) and rolling bearing (12) junction are provided with draw-in groove.
7. hand-held field according to claim 6 grain header, is characterized in that: described first screen tray (13) and the second screen tray (14) inside are provided with several equally distributed meshes and described first screen tray (13) is larger than the mesh of the second screen tray (14).
8. the hand-held field grain header according to claim 1 or 7, is characterized in that: described cutter (6) inside is provided with the little cutting knife of several interlocks.
9. hand-held field according to claim 8 grain header, is characterized in that: in described lifting connecting rod (66) one end be installed on the ceding of Taiwan (6) inner and in described lifting connecting rod (66) other end to be installed on the inner hydraulic cylinder of sheller unit (1) inner.
CN201520817596.4U 2015-10-22 2015-10-22 Handheld field harvester Expired - Fee Related CN205052181U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520817596.4U CN205052181U (en) 2015-10-22 2015-10-22 Handheld field harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520817596.4U CN205052181U (en) 2015-10-22 2015-10-22 Handheld field harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205052181U true CN205052181U (en) 2016-03-02

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106332598A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-01-18 宁波歌德创展机电科技有限公司 Miniature combined harvester
CN107535178A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-05 贵州安顺顺达机械服务有限公司 A kind of myotonin Efficient harvester

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106332598A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-01-18 宁波歌德创展机电科技有限公司 Miniature combined harvester
CN107535178A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-05 贵州安顺顺达机械服务有限公司 A kind of myotonin Efficient harvester

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160302

Termination date: 20161022