CN205005662U - Hydroponic device that high -efficient plant seeds sprouts, seedling was cultivated - Google Patents

Hydroponic device that high -efficient plant seeds sprouts, seedling was cultivated Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205005662U
CN205005662U CN201520770132.2U CN201520770132U CN205005662U CN 205005662 U CN205005662 U CN 205005662U CN 201520770132 U CN201520770132 U CN 201520770132U CN 205005662 U CN205005662 U CN 205005662U
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China
Prior art keywords
field planting
seedling
filling pipe
housing
pallet
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520770132.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢腾龙
杨可攀
孙阳
曹鑫波
左师宇
顾万荣
李晶
魏湜
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Northeast Agricultural University
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Northeast Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201520770132.2U priority Critical patent/CN205005662U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

Hydroponic device that high -efficient plant seeds sprouts, seedling was cultivated, the utility model belongs to plant hydroponics equipment field, it is avoided washing the root process of transplanting seedlings and leads to the fact the injury and use field planting sponge or cotton and easily lead to the fact the problem that the lower portion of the stem rots the root system for the operating efficiency of improvement water planting. This hydroponic device includes seed field planting ware, field planting tray and nursery pot, and wherein seed field planting ware comprises with the fixed loop the field planting body, and the field planting body is the tube structure, and cavity formation carcerule in the middle part of the field planting body division has the moisturizing mouth on nursery pot's the lateral wall, and the field planting tray carries on on nursery pot. Can also set up the realization to the real -time moisturizing of culture vessel through what the moisturizing was managed. The utility model discloses a lateral wall at seed field planting ware forms unblocked bar mouth, and the seedling is directly taken out to the side, can not produce the injury to seedling root, through field planting body structural design, prevents the seedling lodging, has avoided simultaneously using sponge, cotton etc. To breed the scheduling problem as mashed stem, fungus class that the field planting material caused.

Description

The hydroponic device of high-efficiency plant seed germination, seedling culture
Technical field
The utility model belongs to water culture apparatus field, is specifically related to a kind of hydroponic device of seedling culture of holding concurrently for seed germination.
Background technology
Water culture refers to that the aqueous solution with nutrient needed for plant growth cultivates the method for plant, and coerce by controlling the compositional modeling of culture fluid (as nutritional deficiency coerce, drought stress, Saline Alkali Stress) or in culture fluid, add allogenic material process plant, now developed into a kind of comparatively ripe vegetable culture technique.Owing to which obviating the impact of edaphic factor on seed germination and growth of seedling, be convenient to analyze the response of plant to process, be thus widely used in agricultural science experimental study.
Existing water culture experimentation mainly comprises the following steps:
One, nursery, sows in the matrix such as vermiculite, cultivates;
Two, wash root, treat that growth of seedling carried out washing root to the regular period;
Three, transplant seedlings, adopt the parcel such as sponge or cotton seedling the lower portion of the stem, be colonizated in kickboard;
Four, cultivate, treat that seedling growth is stable and carry out different disposal and sample, the more each processed group difference of testing index;
Five, moisturizing, whole process need timing keeps the skin wet in culture vessel, adjustment solution concentration.
In water planting process, workload is large, and complicated operation, washes in root process and very easily damage root system, transplants seedlings and strengthens the injury to seedling further.Seedling cultivation stage makes culture fluid concentration change due to moisture evaporation, affects experiment processing accuracy.The field planting sponge or the cotton that are wrapped in seedling the lower portion of the stem can cause seedling the lower portion of the stem and air exclusion, and the lower portion of the stem is rotted, and simultaneously due to sponge or the evaporation of cotton surfaces moisture, make regional area treatment fluid concentration become large, affect experimental result.Moist sponge and cotton surfaces are also for fungus grown, breeding provide the place of absorption.Below seedling actual treatment and experimental design process all can be caused to there is relatively large deviation, cause that seedling data accuracy that material is surveyed is low, homogeneity is poor, finally cause experiment conclusion inaccurate.Moisturizing process is generally timing moisturizing, causes solution concentration can change with moisture loss, and timing moisturizing can only alleviate this situation, can not ensure the constant of culture solution concentration, and cost manpower.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is the operating efficiency in order to improve water planting, avoid washing the problem that root process of transplanting seedlings damages root system and use field planting sponge or cotton easily to cause the lower portion of the stem to rot, and the hydroponic device of a kind of high-efficiency plant seed germination, seedling culture is provided.
The utility model high-efficiency plant seed germination, the hydroponic device of seedling culture comprises seed planting device, field planting pallet and seedling-growing container, wherein seed planting device is made up of field planting body and retainer ring, field planting body is shell structure, axis along field planting body has through strip shape gob on tube wall, end mouth is had in the bottom of strip shape gob opposite side tube wall, field planting body is followed successively by pipe housing from top to bottom, upper frustum of a cone housing, lower frustum of a cone housing and lower pipe housing, the large end disc of upper frustum of a cone housing overlaps with the large end disc of lower frustum of a cone housing, the cavity that upper frustum of a cone housing and lower frustum of a cone housing surround forms kind of a room, retainer ring is had in the appearance surface cover of upper pipe housing, axis along retainer ring has through bar v notch v on ring wall, a circle groove is had at the shell wall of lower pipe housing, field planting pallet is mounted on seedling-growing container, the cross section of field planting pallet is in " U " shape, and the degree of depth of field planting pallet is greater than the distance of kind of room to field planting tray upper surface, and the sidewall of seedling-growing container has water supplement port, field planting pallet has multiple field planting hole, and the groove of seed planting device is fastened in field planting hole.
The hydroponic device of high-efficiency plant seed germination described in the utility model, seedling culture mainly comprises seed planting device, field planting pallet, seedling-growing container.Seed planting device is plastic material, is made up of field planting body and retainer ring, and upper pipe housing and retainer ring together form the passage that plumule stretches out, and this passage can play supporting function to seedling the lower portion of the stem, prevents seedling from lodging.
When needs take out plant seedlings from planting device, rotate the retainer ring on seed planting device top, make the bar v notch v on retainer ring overlapping with the strip shape gob of field planting body, form unimpeded strip shape gob in the side of field planting body, take out seedling from the side.The upper frustum of a cone housing of seed planting device and lower frustum of a cone housing form kind of a room, play the effect of support seed and support seedling, seed is placed towards unanimously, homogeneity is good, accessible below seed, root system can vertically grow, and the seedling of growth is kept upright state, alleviate the lodging of seedling, avoid the phenomenons such as the rotten stem, the mushroom that use sponge, cotton etc. to cause as field planting material grow simultaneously.And due to seed planting device and field planting pallet be coordinated with field planting hole by the groove of seed planting device, be also convenient to the installation and removal of seed planting device.The hydroponic device of high-efficiency plant seed germination described in the utility model, seedling culture is applicable to the solution culture of the large seed crop such as corn, soybean.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of seed planting device;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of filling pipe described in embodiment four;
Fig. 3 is the overall structure schematic diagram of hydroponic device of high-efficiency plant seed germination, seedling culture.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: present embodiment high-efficiency plant seed germination, the hydroponic device of seedling culture comprises seed planting device 1, field planting pallet 2 and seedling-growing container 3, wherein seed planting device 1 is made up of field planting body and retainer ring 4, field planting body is shell structure, axis along field planting body has through strip shape gob 1-5 on tube wall, end mouth 1-6 is had in the bottom of strip shape gob 1-5 opposite side tube wall, field planting body is followed successively by pipe housing 1-1 from top to bottom, upper frustum of a cone housing 1-2, lower frustum of a cone housing 1-3 and lower pipe housing 1-4, the large end disc of upper frustum of a cone housing 1-2 overlaps with the large end disc of lower frustum of a cone housing 1-3, the cavity that upper frustum of a cone housing 1-2 and lower frustum of a cone housing 1-3 surrounds forms kind of a room, retainer ring 4 is had in the appearance surface cover of upper pipe housing 1-1, axis along retainer ring 4 has through bar v notch v 4-1 on ring wall, a circle groove 1-7 is had at the shell wall of lower pipe housing 1-4, field planting pallet 2 is mounted on seedling-growing container 3, the cross section of field planting pallet 2 is in " U " shape, the degree of depth of field planting pallet 2 is greater than the distance of kind of room to field planting pallet 2 upper surface, the sidewall of seedling-growing container 3 has water supplement port, field planting pallet 2 has multiple field planting hole 2-1, and the groove 1-7 of seed planting device 1 is fastened in field planting hole 2-1.
The hydroponic device of application present embodiment high-efficiency plant seed germination, seedling culture grows seedlings homogeneity well, and as test material, the data obtained reliable results, easily analyzes.Save operation of transplanting seedlings, efficiently convenient, be applicable to large-scale culture, cost is low, and save the cost of the test material such as vermiculite, cotton, culture apparatus is all reusable.
Embodiment two: present embodiment and embodiment one are that matrix array is arranged unlike the multiple field planting hole 2-1 on field planting pallet 2.
Present embodiment field planting pallet can be divided into according to cultivation stage difference sprouts field planting pallet and seedling cultivation field planting pallet, and the circular hole density of both distributions is different, and the circular hole distribution density that seedling cultivates field planting pallet is less.
Embodiment three: present embodiment and embodiment one or two are rigid plastics unlike the material of seed planting device 1.
Embodiment four: present embodiment communicates with filling pipe pedestal 5 unlike water supplement port with one of embodiment one to three, the upper vertical of filling pipe pedestal 5 is provided with filling pipe 6, the upper end closed of filling pipe 6, in filling pipe 6, culture fluid is housed, the mouth of pipe of filling pipe 6 lower end contacts with the culture fluid liquid level in filling pipe pedestal 5, and the internal diameter of filling pipe pedestal 5 is greater than the nozzle diameter of filling pipe 6.
Present embodiment is realized to the real-time moisturizing of culture vessel by filling pipe, makes culture solution water level and constant concentration, saves manpower.Filling pipe pedestal and filling pipe are provided with scale, are calculated the water loss amount in certain hour by filling pipe reading difference.
Embodiment five: present embodiment and embodiment four are also provided with switch unlike the bottom at filling pipe 6.
Embodiment six: present embodiment and embodiment four are fixed by iron stand and be arranged on the top of filling pipe pedestal 5 unlike filling pipe 6.
Embodiment: the present embodiment high-efficiency plant seed germination, the hydroponic device of seedling culture comprises seed planting device 1, field planting pallet 2 and seedling-growing container 3, wherein seed planting device 1 is made up of field planting body and retainer ring 4, field planting body is shell structure, axis along field planting body has through strip shape gob 1-5 on tube wall, end mouth 1-6 is had in the bottom of strip shape gob 1-5 opposite side tube wall, field planting body is followed successively by pipe housing 1-1 from top to bottom, upper frustum of a cone housing 1-2, lower frustum of a cone housing 1-3 and lower pipe housing 1-4, the large end disc of upper frustum of a cone housing 1-2 overlaps with the large end disc of lower frustum of a cone housing 1-3, the cavity that upper frustum of a cone housing 1-2 and lower frustum of a cone housing 1-3 surrounds forms kind of a room, retainer ring 4 is had in the appearance surface cover of upper pipe housing 1-1, axis along retainer ring 4 has through bar v notch v 4-1 on ring wall, a circle groove 1-7 is had at the shell wall of lower pipe housing 1-4, field planting pallet 2 is mounted on seedling-growing container 3, the cross section of field planting pallet 2 is in " U " shape, the degree of depth of field planting pallet 2 is greater than the distance of kind of room to field planting pallet 2 upper surface, the sidewall of seedling-growing container 3 has water supplement port, field planting pallet 2 has multiple field planting hole 2-1, the groove 1-7 of seed planting device 1 is fastened in field planting hole 2-1, water supplement port communicates with filling pipe pedestal 5, the upper vertical of filling pipe pedestal 5 is provided with filling pipe 6, the internal diameter of filling pipe pedestal 5 is greater than the diameter of filling pipe 6, the upper end closed of filling pipe 6, the mouth of pipe of filling pipe 6 lower end contacts with the liquid level of the culture fluid in pedestal 5.
The present embodiment is provided with scale on filling pipe 6 and filling pipe pedestal 5, is also provided with switch in the below of filling pipe 6.
The process of the hydroponic device of application the present embodiment seed germination, seedling culture is as follows:
By the addition of culture fluid in the Liquid level seedling-growing container in observation filling pipe pedestal, topping-up in filling pipe, closes filling pipe switch, be inverted, get rid of excessive moisture, regulate filling pipe fixture, the moisturizing mouth of pipe is contacted just with liquid level in filling pipe pedestal, opens filling pipe switch.Corn seed through seed soaking 24h is put into the kind room of planting device, seed 2/3rds is crossed in now culture fluid submergence, the inwall support of lower frustum of a cone housing lives seed, then the two ends simultaneously pinning frustum of a cone lower housing portion under seed planting device are pointed, the strip shape gob of tube shell and bar v notch v are tightened up, thus seed planting device is inserted sprout in field planting pallet circular hole, then sproutings field planting pallet is put into sprouting seedling-growing container and cultivate.
When seedling plumule grows to 1-2cm, carry out a point seedling, select the consistent seedling of growing way and move to Seeding planting pallet.Finger pins the two ends of the lower frustum of a cone housing bottom of planting device simultaneously, inserts Seeding planting pallet after extracting planting device, then Seeding planting pallet is put into seedling seedling-growing container continuation cultivation.
When treating that seedling grows to three leaves wholeheartedly periods, polyethylene glycol can be added in seedling seedling-growing container and carry out Drought stress simulation experiment, when getting seedling, simultaneously by the junction living in frustum of a cone housing and lower frustum of a cone housing, extract the planting device with seedling, and rotation fixed ring, make the bar v notch v on retainer ring and the overlap of the strip shape gob on tube shell, take out seedling at opening part, seedling is separated with planting device, completes sampling.
The seed germination of the present embodiment, the hydroponic device of seedling culture alleviate the working strength in nursery stage, avoid the injury of washing root process and root system being caused, make the process of transplanting seedlings more efficient, ensure that the homogeneity of growth of seedling state and the homogeneity of growing environment, alleviate seedling lodging phenomenon and the harmful effect using field planting sponge or cotton to cause experimental result in water planting process simultaneously.

Claims (6)

1. high-efficiency plant seed germination, the hydroponic device of seedling culture, it is characterized in that this high-efficiency plant seed germination, the hydroponic device of seedling culture comprises seed planting device (1), field planting pallet (2) and seedling-growing container (3), wherein seed planting device (1) is made up of field planting body and retainer ring (4), field planting body is shell structure, axis along field planting body has through strip shape gob (1-5) on tube wall, end mouth (1-6) is had in the bottom of strip shape gob (1-5) opposite side tube wall, field planting body is followed successively by pipe housing (1-1) from top to bottom, upper frustum of a cone housing (1-2), lower frustum of a cone housing (1-3) and lower pipe housing (1-4), the large end disc of upper frustum of a cone housing (1-2) overlaps with the large end disc of lower frustum of a cone housing (1-3), the cavity that upper frustum of a cone housing (1-2) and lower frustum of a cone housing (1-3) surround forms kind of a room, retainer ring (4) is had in the appearance surface cover of upper pipe housing (1-1), axis along retainer ring (4) has through bar v notch v (4-1) on ring wall, a circle groove (1-7) is had at the shell wall of lower pipe housing (1-4), field planting pallet (2) is mounted on seedling-growing container (3), the cross section of field planting pallet (2) is in " U " shape, the degree of depth of field planting pallet (2) is greater than the distance of kind of room to field planting pallet (2) upper surface, the sidewall of seedling-growing container (3) has water supplement port, field planting pallet (2) has multiple field planting hole (2-1), the groove (1-7) of seed planting device (1) card and in field planting hole (2-1).
2. the hydroponic device of high-efficiency plant seed germination according to claim 1, seedling culture, is characterized in that the multiple field planting holes (2-1) on field planting pallet (2) are arranged in matrix array.
3. the hydroponic device of high-efficiency plant seed germination according to claim 1, seedling culture, is characterized in that the material of seed planting device (1) is rigid plastics.
4. the hydroponic device of high-efficiency plant seed germination according to claim 1, seedling culture, it is characterized in that water supplement port communicates with filling pipe pedestal (5), the upper vertical of filling pipe pedestal (5) is provided with filling pipe (6), the upper end closed of filling pipe (6), filling pipe is equipped with culture fluid in (6), the mouth of pipe of filling pipe (6) lower end contacts with the culture fluid liquid level in filling pipe pedestal (5), and the internal diameter of filling pipe pedestal (5) is greater than the nozzle diameter of filling pipe (6).
5. the hydroponic device of high-efficiency plant seed germination according to claim 4, seedling culture, is characterized in that also being provided with switch in the bottom of filling pipe (6).
6. the hydroponic device of high-efficiency plant seed germination according to claim 4, seedling culture, is characterized in that filling pipe (6) is fixed by iron stand and is arranged on the top of filling pipe pedestal (5).
CN201520770132.2U 2015-09-30 2015-09-30 Hydroponic device that high -efficient plant seeds sprouts, seedling was cultivated Expired - Fee Related CN205005662U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724224A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-06 济南大学 Sieve type barley grass hydroponic system growth tray with adjustable height
CN106069342A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-09 新疆维吾尔自治区水土保持生态环境监测总站 A kind of Populus euphratica seedling cultural method and device thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724224A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-06 济南大学 Sieve type barley grass hydroponic system growth tray with adjustable height
CN105724224B (en) * 2016-02-24 2018-07-13 济南大学 A kind of big wheat straw hydroponic system growth tray of adjustable for height sieve formula
CN106069342A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-09 新疆维吾尔自治区水土保持生态环境监测总站 A kind of Populus euphratica seedling cultural method and device thereof
CN106069342B (en) * 2016-07-01 2022-04-15 新疆维吾尔自治区水土保持生态环境监测总站 Populus diversifolia seedling culture method and device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160203

Termination date: 20160930

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee