CN206182034U - Sprout with seed and grow seedlings in automatic control hydroponic device of an organic whole in laboratory - Google Patents

Sprout with seed and grow seedlings in automatic control hydroponic device of an organic whole in laboratory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206182034U
CN206182034U CN201621254860.9U CN201621254860U CN206182034U CN 206182034 U CN206182034 U CN 206182034U CN 201621254860 U CN201621254860 U CN 201621254860U CN 206182034 U CN206182034 U CN 206182034U
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
liquid
seed
putting
lodged plant
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201621254860.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李莹
赵曦阳
郑密
司冬晶
黄海娇
曲冠证
李开隆
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Northeast Forestry University
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Northeast Forestry University
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Priority to CN201621254860.9U priority Critical patent/CN206182034U/en
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Publication of CN206182034U publication Critical patent/CN206182034U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

Sprout with seed and grow seedlings in automatic control hydroponic device of an organic whole in laboratory belongs to plant hydroponics equipment field. The utility model provides a current laboratory operate exchanging of leading to because of transplanting seedlings with hydroponic device and cause the injury to the seedling to and cultivate the environment change, thereby make the problem of validity of data and reliability reduction. Inlet and first liquid reserve tank intercommunication, liquid outlet and second liquid reserve tank intercommunication, overflow mouth and second liquid reserve tank intercommunication, liquid pump is through the 2nd liquid level controller control action, go out the liquid pump through a liquid level controller control action, the overflow mouth lies in between an inlet and the liquid level controller, the open end overlap joint of seed tray is on transparent culture tank, put a lodged plant upright the frame the open end overlap joint on the seed tray, the bottom of seed tray is screen mesh structure, put a lodged plant upright the frame the bottom seted up a plurality of vertical through -holes, surface contact on the bottom of bottom lower surface and the seed tray of frame puts a lodged plant upright. The utility model is used for plant hydroponics.

Description

Use for laboratory germination and nursery automatically control hydroponic device in one
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of hydroponic device, belongs to water culture apparatus field.
Background technology
With the development of science and technology people increasingly pay attention to seed quality control in agricultural, and seed germination experiment is to plant The important content checked in seed cell, in process of the test, makes germination and cultivates seedling by water planting, but in seed hair Need to be transplanted seedlings after bud and carry out the water planting of next step again, when transplanting seedling, because seedling is smaller, especially small-sized seed crop Seedling, easily damages when transplanting seedlings to seedling, prevents part seedling from normal growth, due to changing the life of germination and seedling period Environment long, data validity and reliability to final gained have a great impact;In addition, for seed and seedling in same temperature In degree, the Hydroponic Solution environment of composition of the same race, ratio of the same race, the influence of the density for the growing state of seedling of seed and seedling It is difficult to pass through once to cultivate obtain, the validity and reliability of final data can be also influenceed.
Utility model content
The utility model is to solve existing use for laboratory hydroponic device because easy to seedling caused by operation of transplanting seedlings Damage, and culture environment changes, so that the validity of data and the problem of reliability reduction, and then there is provided one kind Use for laboratory germination and nursery automatically control hydroponic device in one.
The utility model is that the technical scheme that solution above-mentioned technical problem is used is:
A kind of use for laboratory germination and nursery automatically control hydroponic device in one, it include transparent culture tank, Seed trays, put a lodged plant upright frame and liquid-level auto-control device, the side wall of transparent culture tank offer inlet, liquid outlet and overflow Mouthful, the liquid-level auto-control device includes feed tube, drain pipe, overflow pipe, the first liquid reserve tank, the second liquid reserve tank, is arranged on Liquid feeding pump on feed tube, the Pump for giving-out being arranged on drain pipe and transparent culture tank madial wall is from top to bottom fixed in successively First fluid level controller and the second fluid level controller, inlet are connected with the first liquid reserve tank by feed tube, liquid outlet and second Liquid reserve tank is connected by drain pipe, and overfall is connected with the second liquid reserve tank by overflow pipe, and liquid feeding pump passes through the second Liquid level Device control action, Pump for giving-out is located at inlet and the first fluid level controller by the first fluid level controller control action, overfall Between, seed trays and frame of putting a lodged plant upright are taken the shape of the letter U structure, and the openend of seed trays is overlapped on transparent culture tank, frame of putting a lodged plant upright Openend is overlapped in seed trays, and the bottom of seed trays is mesh structure, and the bottom of frame of putting a lodged plant upright offers some vertical logical Hole, the bottom lower surface of frame of putting a lodged plant upright is contacted with the upper base surface of seed trays.
The liquid level line of the second fluid level controller is located at same level with the upper base surface of seed trays, and overfall is less than Put a lodged plant upright frame upper base surface set.
Some graduation marks are provided with the side wall of transparent culture tank, each graduation mark is vertically arranged.
The lower section of seed trays is also connected with coring fixed mount, and coring fixed mount takes the shape of the letter U structure, the bottom of coring fixed mount It is mesh structure.
Bottom screen density of the bottom screen density of coring fixed mount less than seed trays.
The some vertical through holes of frame bottom of putting a lodged plant upright include some first through hole and some second through holes, and some first through hole are equal Cloth is distributed on another half portion of frame bottom of putting a lodged plant upright, the diameter of the second through hole in a half portion of frame bottom of putting a lodged plant upright, some second through holes Less than the diameter of first through hole.
The utility model has the following effects that compared with prior art:
Germination and seedling culture are carried out in same culture tank, eliminate operation of transplanting seedlings, and are prevented caused by transplanting seedlings Seedling damage, while avoid after seedling is transplanted seedlings with transplant seedlings before because culture environment change and to experimental data caused by influence;
Liquid-level auto-control device can realize automatically controlling for liquid level in culture tank, the liquid level in culture tank is protected all the time A range of balance is held, seed or seedling nutritional deficiency caused by nutrient solution is supplemented not in time is prevented, and then influence experiment The validity and reliability of data.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the main cross-sectional schematic diagram of frame of being put a lodged plant upright in specific embodiment six;
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of seed trays bottom screen.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment one:Present embodiment, a kind of use for laboratory kind of present embodiment are illustrated with reference to Fig. 1~Fig. 4 Son germination and nursery automatically control hydroponic device in one, and it includes transparent culture tank 1, seed trays 2, put a lodged plant upright frame 3 and liquid Level automatic control device 4, the side wall of transparent culture tank 1 offers inlet 1-1, liquid outlet 1-2 and overfall 1-3, the liquid Level automatic control device 4 include feed tube 4-1, drain pipe 4-2, overflow pipe 4-3, the first liquid reserve tank 4-4, the second liquid reserve tank 4-5, The liquid feeding pump 4-6 that is arranged on feed tube 4-1, the Pump for giving-out 4-7 being arranged on drain pipe 4-2 and from top to bottom it is fixed in successively The first fluid level controller 4-8 and the second fluid level controller 4-9, inlet 1-1 and the first liquid reserve tank of the madial wall of transparent culture tank 1 4-4 is connected by feed tube 4-1, and liquid outlet 1-2 is connected with the second liquid reserve tank 4-5 by drain pipe 4-2, overfall 1-3 and Two liquid reserve tank 4-5 are connected by overflow pipe 4-3, and liquid feeding pump 4-6 is by the second fluid level controller 4-9 control actions, Pump for giving-out 4-7 By the first fluid level controller 4-8 control actions, overfall 1-3 is located between inlet 1-1 and the first fluid level controller 4-8, Seed trays 2 and frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright are taken the shape of the letter U structure, and the openend of seed trays 2 is overlapped on transparent culture tank 1, frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright Openend is overlapped in seed trays 2, and the bottom of seed trays 2 is mesh structure, and the bottom of frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright offers some vertical Through hole, the bottom lower surface of frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright is contacted with the upper base surface of seed trays 2.
Culture tank is circular trough or rectangular channel, and bottom lower surface and the upper base surface of seed trays 2 of frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright connect Touch, be put into by the seed of seed soaking in some vertical through holes of frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright, seed falls in the screen cloth of the bottom of seed trays 2 On, the stage is sprouted in seed, frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright can prevent seed from arbitrarily being swum on screen cloth because of the effect of nutrient solution, in seedling rank Section, frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright can prevent seedling from lodging, and frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright is demountable structure, when that need not use, can be from seed trays 2 Unloaded, so that free growth at the stem of seedling, leaf.
The mesh density of the bottom of seed trays 2, can determine according to the size of cultivated seed.
The first fluid level controller 4-8 and the second fluid level controller 4-9 are electronic type liquid-level switch, when transparent When nutrient solution liquid level in culture tank 1 reaches the liquid level line of the first fluid level controller 4-8, the first fluid level controller 4-8 is controlled out Water pump is acted, and the part nutrient solution in transparent culture tank 1 enters the second liquid reserve tank 4-5 by outlet pipe;When in transparent culture tank 1 Nutrient solution liquid level reach the second fluid level controller 4-9 liquid level line when, the second fluid level controller 4-9 control intake pump action, Nutrient solution in first liquid reserve tank 4-4 is entered in transparent culture tank 1 by water inlet pipe.
Second liquid reserve tank 4-5 is used to store the nutrient solution flowed out in transparent culture tank 1, and the first liquid reserve tank 4-4 is used to store It is the nutrient solution fed in transparent culture tank 1, outflow and the nutrient solution for feeding separately are deposited, it is ensured that culture in transparent culture tank 1 Liquid concentration stabilization.
Culture tank is transparent foster groove, can seed or seedling root, stem, the growing state of leaf in real-time monitored culture tank, be easy to Real-time recorded data.
Put a lodged plant upright frame 3 bottom vertical through hole, can as needed select major diameter, minor diameter or have diameter through hole There is minor diameter through hole again, to meet the fostering requirement of different size seed or different culture density seeds.
Hydroponic device of the present utility model similarly can be used for large-scale water planting plantation.
Specific embodiment two:Present embodiment, the liquid level line and seed of the second fluid level controller 4-9 are illustrated with reference to Fig. 1 The upper base surface of pallet 2 is located at same level, and the upper base surface that overfall 1-3 is less than frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright is set.So set Meter, overfall 1-3 prevents the nutrient solution in transparent culture tank 1 from excessively causing seed emersion to be put a lodged plant upright frame 3, the second fluid level controller 4- 9 liquid level line position ensures that the nutrient solution in culture tank is not less than the bottom of seed trays 2, it is ensured that seed can touch training all the time Nutrient solution.Other compositions are identical with specific embodiment one with annexation.
Specific embodiment three:Present embodiment is illustrated with reference to Fig. 1, if being provided with dry etching on the side wall of transparent culture tank 1 Line 1-4 is spent, each graduation mark 1-4 is vertically arranged.It is so designed that, is easy to observe or measure the growing state of seedling root.Its It constitutes identical with annexation with specific embodiment one or two.
Specific embodiment four:Present embodiment is illustrated with reference to Fig. 1, the lower section of seed trays 2 is also connected with coring and fixes Frame 5, coring fixed mount 5 takes the shape of the letter U structure, and the bottom of coring fixed mount 5 is mesh structure.It is so designed that, with seedling coring Growth, can be passed through from coring fixed mount 5, and further fixation can be played to seedling, prevent seedling from putting a lodged plant upright removing Lodged after frame 3.Other compositions are identical with specific embodiment three with annexation.
Specific embodiment five:With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 4 explanation present embodiments, the bottom screen density of coring fixed mount 5 is small In the bottom screen density of seed trays 2.It is so designed that, the bottom screen density of seed trays 2 is big, prevents seed from dropping.Its It constitutes identical with specific embodiment one, two or four with annexation.
Specific embodiment six:Present embodiment, some vertical through holes bags of the bottom of frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright are illustrated with reference to Fig. 1~Fig. 3 Include some first through hole 3-1 and some second through hole 3-2, some first through hole 3-1 be distributed on a half portion of the bottom of frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright, Some second through hole 3-2 are distributed on another half portion of the bottom of frame 3 of putting a lodged plant upright, and the diameter of the second through hole 3-2 is less than first through hole 3-1's Diameter.It is so designed that, the seed density in first through hole 3-1 and the second through hole 3-2 is different, can be observed by once cultivating In same temperature, composition of the same race, the Hydroponic Solution environment of ratio of the same race, the density of seed and seedling is for children for seed and seedling The growing state of seedling, effectively increases the reliability and validity of experimental data, improves operating efficiency.Other constitute and are connected Relation is identical with specific embodiment five.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of use for laboratory germination and nursery automatically controls hydroponic device in one, it is characterised in that:It includes saturating Bright culture tank (1), seed trays (2), frame of putting a lodged plant upright (3) and liquid-level auto-control device (4), the side wall of transparent culture tank (1) are opened Inlet (1-1), liquid outlet (1-2) and overfall (1-3) are provided with, the liquid-level auto-control device (4) includes feed tube (4- 1), drain pipe (4-2), overflow pipe (4-3), the first liquid reserve tank (4-4), the second liquid reserve tank (4-5), be arranged on feed tube (4-1) On liquid feeding pump (4-6), the Pump for giving-out (4-7) that is arranged on drain pipe (4-2) and be from top to bottom fixed in transparent culture successively First fluid level controller (4-8) and the second fluid level controller (4-9) of groove (1) madial wall, inlet (1-1) and the first liquid reserve tank (4-4) is connected by feed tube (4-1), and liquid outlet (1-2) is connected with the second liquid reserve tank (4-5) by drain pipe (4-2), overflow Mouth (1-3) is connected with the second liquid reserve tank (4-5) by overflow pipe (4-3), and liquid feeding pump (4-6) passes through the second fluid level controller (4- 9) control action, Pump for giving-out (4-7) is located at inlet by the first fluid level controller (4-8) control action, overfall (1-3) Between (1-1) and the first fluid level controller (4-8), seed trays (2) and frame of putting a lodged plant upright (3) take the shape of the letter U structure, seed trays (2) Openend be overlapped on transparent culture tank (1), the openend of frame of putting a lodged plant upright (3) is overlapped in seed trays (2), seed trays (2) bottom is mesh structure, and the bottom of frame of putting a lodged plant upright (3) offers some vertical through holes, the bottom lower surface of frame of putting a lodged plant upright (3) with The upper base surface contact of seed trays (2).
2. use for laboratory germination according to claim 1 and nursery automatically controls hydroponic device in one, and it is special Levy and be:The liquid level line of the second fluid level controller (4-9) is located at same level with the upper base surface of seed trays (2), overflows The upper base surface that head piece (1-3) is less than frame (3) of putting a lodged plant upright is set.
3. use for laboratory germination according to claim 1 and 2 and nursery automatically controls hydroponic device in one, its It is characterised by:Some graduation marks (1-4) are provided with the side wall of transparent culture tank (1), each graduation mark (1-4) sets vertically Put.
4. use for laboratory germination according to claim 3 and nursery automatically controls hydroponic device in one, and it is special Levy and be:The lower section of seed trays (2) is also connected with coring fixed mount (5), and coring fixed mount (5) takes the shape of the letter U structure, and coring is fixed The bottom of frame (5) is mesh structure.
5. use for laboratory germination and nursery according to claim 1,2 or 4 automatically controls hydroponic device in one, It is characterized in that:Bottom screen density of the bottom screen density of coring fixed mount (5) less than seed trays (2).
6. use for laboratory germination according to claim 5 and nursery automatically controls hydroponic device in one, and it is special Levy and be:Put a lodged plant upright frame (3) bottom some vertical through holes include some first through hole (3-1) and some second through holes (3-2), if Dry first through hole (3-1) is distributed on a half portion of frame of putting a lodged plant upright (3) bottom, and some second through holes (3-2) are distributed on frame of putting a lodged plant upright (3) bottom Another half portion in portion, the diameter of the diameter less than first through hole (3-1) of the second through hole (3-2).
CN201621254860.9U 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 Sprout with seed and grow seedlings in automatic control hydroponic device of an organic whole in laboratory Expired - Fee Related CN206182034U (en)

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CN201621254860.9U CN206182034U (en) 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 Sprout with seed and grow seedlings in automatic control hydroponic device of an organic whole in laboratory

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621254860.9U CN206182034U (en) 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 Sprout with seed and grow seedlings in automatic control hydroponic device of an organic whole in laboratory

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107548613A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-01-09 马家全 A kind of seed of tower type three-dimensional automatic liquid control sprouts equipment
CN109588298A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-09 贵州省生物研究所 A kind of device of fir wood germination seedling water planting stress
CN110679461A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-01-14 四川农业大学 Device for root development of crops in seedling stage and use method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107548613A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-01-09 马家全 A kind of seed of tower type three-dimensional automatic liquid control sprouts equipment
CN109588298A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-09 贵州省生物研究所 A kind of device of fir wood germination seedling water planting stress
CN109588298B (en) * 2018-12-10 2021-05-07 贵州省生物研究所 Device that fir seed sprouting water planting threatened
CN110679461A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-01-14 四川农业大学 Device for root development of crops in seedling stage and use method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170524

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