CN210695373U - Sand water culture device for culturing crop seedlings - Google Patents

Sand water culture device for culturing crop seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210695373U
CN210695373U CN201921550638.7U CN201921550638U CN210695373U CN 210695373 U CN210695373 U CN 210695373U CN 201921550638 U CN201921550638 U CN 201921550638U CN 210695373 U CN210695373 U CN 210695373U
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China
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sand
water
box
culture
culture box
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CN201921550638.7U
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万勇善
张昆
刘风珍
骆璐
张秀荣
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model provides a cultivate husky water culture device of crop seedling, includes sand culture box (1) and water culture box (2), sand culture box (1) size is less than water culture box (2) size, sand culture box (1) and water culture box (2) upper portion all are equipped with the opening, sand culture box (1) sets up to placing on water culture box (2), leaves the clearance between sand culture box (1) bottom surface and water culture box (2) bottom surface, it has a plurality of holes to bore on sand culture box (1) bottom surface. The utility model discloses cultivate crop seedling's husky water culture device combines sand culture and water culture to use, and the sand can perfectly avoid the shortcoming of sand culture and water culture at upper and lower water (culture solution), and the advantage of integrated sand culture and water culture can be better cultivateed crop seedling and observe the crop growth situation.

Description

Sand water culture device for culturing crop seedlings
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a crop cultivation field, concretely relates to combine sand culture water planting advantage for cultivate crop seedling's sand water culture device.
Background
Seedlings such as wheat seedlings, peanut seedlings, corn seedlings and the like are often cultured in a sand culture or water culture manner in laboratories, so as to observe the influence of different culture solutions on the germination of crop seeds and the growth condition of the seedlings.
The sand culture method is a method for culturing flower plants by taking sand, perlite, plastic or other inorganic substances with the diameter of less than 3 mm as a matrix and adding nutrient solution. Can well support the vertical growth of crops, and the crops are easy to root and have no risk of root rot. The defects that the crops absorb nutrient substances and mineral substances slowly and are not sufficient, and the growth is slow; in the test process, the growth condition of the root system needs to be observed, and the sampling of the root system sample or root system secretion is inconvenient.
Hydroponics refers to growing plants without the need for soil. The minerals contained in hydroponic soil are not absorbed by the growth of plants. Hydroponic cultivation is to supply minerals needed for the growth of plants directly through water. However, water is a fluid and has no function of supporting the crops to stand, so that the crops are not easy to normally stand, and the plants can rot due to the lack of oxygen at the roots.
Therefore, the method has respective advantages and disadvantages in sand culture and water culture, and the sand culture is easy to take root and the water culture is easy to rot the root; but the water culture can directly provide nutrients, and the nutrient utilization rate is higher than that of the sand culture. The influence of different culture solutions on the germination of crop seeds and the growth condition of seedlings cannot be observed perfectly by a single crop culture method, and a crop culture device combining a sand culture method and a water culture method is not available in the market at present.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
For solving above-mentioned single sand culture or water planting can not be the best observation crop growth situation, the utility model provides a novel sand water culture of cultivateing crop seedling device combines sand culture and water planting to use, and the sand can perfectly avoid the shortcoming of sand culture and water planting at upper and lower water (culture solution), the advantage of integrated sand culture and water planting, cultivation crop seedling that can be better and observation crop growth situation.
The technical scheme of the utility model as follows:
the utility model provides a sand water culture device, includes sand culture box and water planting box, sand culture box size is less than water planting box size, sand culture box and water planting box upper portion all are equipped with the opening, sand culture box sets up to can place on the water planting box, contains the culture solution in the water planting box, leaves the clearance between sand culture box bottom surface and the water planting box bottom surface, and is preferred, leave the clearance between culture solution surface and the sand culture box bottom surface. A plurality of holes are drilled on the bottom surface of the sand culture box, and the roots of the crop seedlings can grow downwards through the holes.
The sand water culture device has the advantages that the upper size of the sand culture box and the water culture box is larger than the lower size of the sand water culture box and the water culture box. Preferably, the sand culture box and the water culture box are both of a downward closing structure.
Furthermore, the taper of the sand culture box is smaller than that of the water culture box, and when the sand culture box is placed into the water culture box from top to bottom, the outer side face of the sand culture box can be naturally extruded on the inner side face of the water culture box.
According to the sand water culture device, the upper parts of the sand culture box and the water culture box are respectively provided with the first upper flanging and the second upper flanging, the first upper flanging and the second upper flanging are respectively positioned on the outer ring of the sand culture box and the outer ring of the water culture box, and the outer size of the first upper flanging is larger than the size of the opening of the upper part of the water culture box, so that the sand culture box can be put on the second upper flanging of the water culture box and cannot fall into the inside of the water culture box.
According to the sand water culture device, the lifting handle is arranged on the outer ring of the sand culture box, so that the sand culture box can be conveniently placed on the water culture box, or the sand culture box is lifted, and the condition of the crop seedlings can be checked.
According to the sand water culture device, the size of the hole in the bottom surface of the sand culture box is smaller than that of the crop seeds, so that the crop seeds are prevented from leaking and falling into the water culture box.
Furthermore, the bottom surface hole of the sand culture box comprises a plurality of water permeable air holes and a radicle hole, and the size of the radicle hole is larger than that of the water permeable air holes. Preferably, the radicle holes are regularly distributed on the bottom surface of the sand culture box according to a fixed interval, so that the growth of the crop seedlings is facilitated.
According to the sand water culture device, two opposite sides of the upper surface of the sand culture box are respectively provided with one or more positioning holes, and the positions and the sizes of the positioning holes on the two sides correspond to each other. Preferably, the positioning hole is far away from the handle.
Further, the supporting bars are arranged in the positioning holes according to the growth requirements of the crop seedlings, and then mulching films are covered on the outer sides of the supporting bars. When in use, the two ends of the supporting bar are respectively inserted into the positioning holes on the two opposite sides of the upper surface of the sand culture box.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
1. the utility model discloses husky hydroponics device combines sand culture and water planting to use, and the sand is in upper and lower water (culture solution), has both made things convenient for the crop to take root vertically, and the root of not rotting still is favorable to the crop root palpus to absorb nutrition.
2. The utility model discloses husky hydroponics device can be convenient mention the husky bank of earth's.
3. The utility model discloses husky hydroponics device, certain clearance is left to culture solution and husky bank of earth's earth.
Drawings
The aspects and advantages of the present application will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon reading the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments. The drawings are only for purposes of illustrating the preferred embodiments and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a sand hydroponic apparatus in example 1;
FIG. 2 is a top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an isolated view of a sand culture box and a water culture box;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the sand box;
FIG. 5 is an installation view of the support bar;
the components represented by the reference numerals in the figures are:
1. sand culture box, 11, first upward flanging, 12, handle, 13, permeable air hole, 14, embryo root hole, 15, positioning hole, 2, water culture box, 21, second upward flanging, 3, support bar, 4, quartz sand, 5 and culture solution.
Detailed Description
Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure can be more completely understood and fully conveyed to those skilled in the art, and the present disclosure may be implemented in various forms without being limited to the embodiments set forth herein.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, fig. 1 and 2 are schematic structural diagrams of a sand water culture device, which comprises a sand culture box 1 and a water culture box 2, preferably, the sand culture box 1 and the water culture box 2 adopt a square groove structure, so that the device is convenient to manufacture, the size of the sand culture box 1 is smaller than that of the water culture box 2, openings are arranged at the upper parts of the sand culture box 1 and the water culture box 2, and the sand culture box 1 can be placed on the water culture box 2 from top to bottom, see fig. 2. The sand culture box 1 is internally filled with quartz sand 4, the bottom of the water culture box 2 is filled with a culture solution 5, and a gap is reserved between the surface of the culture solution 5 and the bottom surface of the sand culture box 1, so that oxygen can be breathed by roots of crop seedlings. A plurality of holes are drilled on the bottom surface of the sand culture box 1, and the root hairs of the crop seedlings can penetrate through the holes and grow towards the culture solution 5 below.
In the present embodiment, the upper size of the sand culture box 1 and the hydroponic box 2 is larger than the lower size. Preferably, sand culture box 1 and water planting box 2 are the structure of binding off downwards, make things convenient for sand culture box 1 to put into in the water planting box 2.
The following combines fig. 2, the edge is equipped with first turn-ups 11 and second turn-ups 21 respectively on sand culture box 1 and the water planting box 2, first turn-ups 11 and second turn-ups 21 are located sand culture box 1 and water planting box 2 outer lanes respectively, and first turn-ups 11 external dimension is greater than the opening size in 2 upper portions of water planting box, can take on turn-ups 21 on the second of water planting box 2 when making sand culture box 1 put up toward water planting box 2, and can not fall inside water planting box 2.
Further, the outer ring of the sand culture box 1 is provided with a handle 12, the handle 12 is of an annular structure and is symmetrically arranged on two sides of the sand culture box 1, so that the sand culture box 1 can be conveniently placed on the water culture box 2, or the sand culture box 1 is lifted, and the condition of crop seedlings is checked.
In the embodiment, the bottom surface hole size of the sand culture box 1 is smaller than the size of crop seeds, so that the crop seeds are prevented from leaking and falling into the water culture box 2.
Further, the bottom surface holes of the sand culture box 1 comprise a plurality of water-permeable air holes 13 and embryo root holes 14, referring to fig. 4, the water-permeable air holes 13 are fine holes and are distributed on the whole bottom surface of the sand culture box 1, the size of the embryo root holes 14 is larger than that of the water-permeable air holes 13 and smaller than that of crop seeds, and the specific size can be determined according to the crop seeds to be cultured. Preferably, the embryo root holes 14 are regularly distributed on the bottom surface of the sand culture box 1 according to a fixed interval, so as to be beneficial to the growth of crop seedlings.
In this embodiment, two opposite sides of the first upturned edge 11 of the sand culture box 1 are respectively provided with a plurality of positioning holes 15, preferably, the positioning holes 15 are located on two sides of the handle 12, and the positions and the sizes of the positioning holes 15 on the two sides correspond to each other, so that the supporting bars 3 can be conveniently installed.
Referring to fig. 5, before the emergence of seedlings, a mulching film is required to be laid on the sand culture box 1, one or more support bars 3 can be selected to be installed in the positioning holes 15 according to requirements, and then the mulching film is covered outside the support bars 3. Preferably, the support bars 3 are made of thick steel wires, so that bending is facilitated.
Example 2
In this embodiment, the upper edges of the sand culture box 1 and the water culture box 2 are not provided with the first upward flange 11 and the second upward flange 21, so as to simplify the manufacturing process of the sand culture box 1 and the water culture box 2. But the sand culture box 1 is fixed at the appointed position of the water culture box 2 by designing the taper of the sand culture box 1 and the water culture box 2, and the bottom of the sand culture box 1 keeps a certain distance from the bottom of the water culture box 2.
Furthermore, the taper of the sand culture box 1 is smaller than that of the water culture box 2, so that when the sand culture box 1 is placed into the water culture box 2 from top to bottom, the outer side surface of the sand culture box can be naturally extruded on the inner side surface of the water culture box 2 to fix the sand culture box 1.
Other features not mentioned in this embodiment can be the same as those in embodiment 1, and are not described again.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily conceived by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention should be covered by the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a sand water culture device, its characterized in that, includes sand culture box (1) and water planting box (2), sand culture box (1) size is less than water planting box (2) size, sand culture box (1) and water planting box (2) upper portion all are equipped with the opening, sand culture box (1) sets up to placing on water planting box (2), leaves the clearance between sand culture box (1) bottom surface and water planting box (2) bottom surface, it has a plurality of holes to bore on sand culture box (1) bottom surface.
2. A sand and water culture device according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper dimensions of the sand (1) and water (2) culture boxes are larger than the lower dimensions.
3. A sand hydroponic device according to claim 2, characterized in that the conicity of the sand culture box (1) is smaller than the conicity of the hydroponic box (2), and the outer side of the sand culture box (1) can be squeezed on the inner side of the hydroponic box (2).
4. The sand water culture device according to claim 1, wherein a first upturn edge (11) and a second upturn edge (21) are respectively arranged at the upper parts of the sand culture box (1) and the water culture box (2), and the outer size of the first upturn edge (11) is larger than the opening size of the upper part of the water culture box (2).
5. A sand and water culture device according to claim 1, characterized in that the outer ring of the sand culture box (1) is provided with a handle (12).
6. A sand hydroponic apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the bottom surface of the sand culture box (1) has an aperture size smaller than the crop seed size.
7. A sand hydroponic device according to claim 6, wherein the holes on the bottom surface of the sand culture box (1) comprise a plurality of water-permeable air holes (13) and radicle holes (14), and the size of the radicle holes (14) is larger than that of the water-permeable air holes (13).
8. A sand and water culture device according to claim 7, characterized in that the embryo root holes (14) are regularly distributed on the bottom surface of the sand culture box (1) at regular intervals.
9. A sand and water culture device according to claim 1, wherein the sand culture box (1) is provided with one or more positioning holes (15) on two opposite sides of the upper surface, and the positioning holes (15) on the two sides correspond to each other in position and size.
10. A sand and water culture device according to claim 9, further comprising a support bar (3), wherein two ends of the support bar (3) are respectively inserted into the positioning holes (15) on two opposite sides of the upper surface of the sand culture box (1).
CN201921550638.7U 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 Sand water culture device for culturing crop seedlings Active CN210695373U (en)

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CN201921550638.7U CN210695373U (en) 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 Sand water culture device for culturing crop seedlings

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921550638.7U CN210695373U (en) 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 Sand water culture device for culturing crop seedlings

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113785746A (en) * 2021-10-16 2021-12-14 厦门晨顼园艺有限公司 Cultivation method of begonia senilis

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113785746A (en) * 2021-10-16 2021-12-14 厦门晨顼园艺有限公司 Cultivation method of begonia senilis

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