CN204912234U - A belt cleaning device for rinsing solar PV modules - Google Patents

A belt cleaning device for rinsing solar PV modules Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204912234U
CN204912234U CN201520686548.6U CN201520686548U CN204912234U CN 204912234 U CN204912234 U CN 204912234U CN 201520686548 U CN201520686548 U CN 201520686548U CN 204912234 U CN204912234 U CN 204912234U
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China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
solar photovoltaic
rotating shaft
mechanical arm
drying
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520686548.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王士涛
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王士涛
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Priority to CN201520686548.6U priority Critical patent/CN204912234U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a belt cleaning device for rinsing solar PV modules, including motion dolly, robotic arm, cleaner and controller, the cleaner includes support, rotation axis, first cleaning brush, second cleaning brush, spraying system and drying system, and the winding that first cleaning brush presented helical structure in the hope of being improved is on the rotation axis, and the winding that the second cleaning brush is anti - helical structure is on the rotation axis, and spraying system has the shower head, and the drying system has the air outlet. The utility model discloses realize the clean solar PV modules of mechanical automatic, through the drive of motion dolly, the washing that can remove in a flexible way large tracts of land solar PV modules. Wherein, it is rotatory to drive the cleaning brush through the rotation axis, and effective washing can be realized to the cooperation shower head to can carry out the sewage of constantly piling up the solar PV modules lower limb multi -angle by positive and negative helical structure and throw away, avoid appearing clean dead angle and ponding, the cooperation air outlet can be realized drying and remove dust with further, avoids water stain remaining effectively.

Description

For the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module
Technical field
The utility model relates to the technical field of photovoltaic module being carried out to dedusting, particularly relates to a kind of cleaning device for cleaning solar photovoltaic module.
Background technology
Solar electrical energy generation is divided into photo-thermal power generation and photovoltaic generation.The solar electrical energy generation of usual theory refers to solar energy power generating, is called for short " photoelectricity ".Photovoltaic generation is a kind of technology utilizing the photovoltaic effect of interface and luminous energy is directly changed into electric energy.The key element of this technology is solar cell.Solar cell carries out packaging protection after series connection can form large-area solar photovoltaic assembly, then coordinates the parts such as upper power controller just to define photovoltaic power generation apparatus.
At present, the large solar photovoltaic power station of China is often distributed in meagrely-populated area, just need to carry out dedusting to solar photovoltaic assembly at regular intervals to clean, and in the face of large-area solar photovoltaic assembly, some places are still in the mode adopting original artificial mop cleaning, it had both wasted a large amount of artificial, was not difficult to again reach clean clean object.Now commercially also have clean dust removing tool miscellaneous, but major part is for monolithic or the solar photovoltaic assembly compared with small size, is cleanly limited in scope, be not equally also suitable for and apply on large solar photovoltaic power station.
The applicant is found by retrieval, the Chinese patent application of No. 201110287189.3 discloses a kind of solar panel array surface dust removing system and method, and the Chinese patent application of No. 201210175906.8 discloses a kind of photovoltaic cleaner, automatic and mechanical can be realized by above-mentioned two kinds of technical schemes and rapid cleaning dedusting is carried out to solar photovoltaic assembly.But the applicant finds the solar panel array surface dust removing system disclosed in Chinese patent application and the method for No. 201110287189.3, its cleaning water consumption is larger, and easily there is dead angle in cleaning process, and cleaned after, the easily defect such as residual water stain.And the Chinese patent application photovoltaic cleaner of No. 201210175906.8, be only cleaned by dust removal brush, cleaning effect is very limited.
Therefore, it is good that the applicant is devoted to develop a kind of cleaning effect, there will not be clean dead angle and the water stain residual cleaning device for cleaning solar photovoltaic module.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model, proposes a kind of cleaning effect good exactly, there will not be clean dead angle and the water stain residual cleaning device for cleaning solar photovoltaic module.
The utility model is for solving the problems of the technologies described above, provide a kind of cleaning device for cleaning solar photovoltaic module, comprise trolley, mechanical arm, cleaner and controller, the head end of described mechanical arm is arranged on described trolley, described cleaner is arranged on the tail end of described mechanical arm, cleaner described in described controller control connection.
Wherein, described cleaner comprises support, rotating shaft, first cleaning brush, second cleaning brush, spray system and drying system, described Bracket setting is on the tail end of described mechanical arm, the rotatable setting of described rotating shaft on the bracket, described first cleaning brush be right-handed screw structure be wrapped on described rotating shaft, described second cleaning brush be backpitch structure be wrapped on described rotating shaft, described spray system has several for carrying out the spray head of rinse water spray to solar photovoltaic assembly, described drying system has several for carrying out the air outlet of hot blast drying to the solar photovoltaic assembly after cleaned.
The utility model, by as above technical scheme, realizes the clean solar photovoltaic assembly of mechanical automation, by the drive of trolley, and can the cleaning solar energy in large area photovoltaic module of movement flexibly.Wherein, especially ingenious integrated setting is carried out in dedusting, cleaning and oven dry, realize efficient coordinating operation: drive the cleaning brush of forward-reverse spiral structure to rotate by rotating shaft, coordinate spray head can realize effective cleaning, and the sewage being constantly stacked into solar photovoltaic assembly lower limb can be carried out multi-angle and throw away (cleaning brush of conventional structure or one-way spiral structure cannot realize) due to the forward-reverse spiral structure of the utility model original creation, avoid occurring clean dead angle and ponding; Coordinate air outlet can realize drying and further dedusting, effectively avoid water stain residual.
Preferably, described rotating shaft is hollow shaft, and described air outlet is opened on all sides of described rotating shaft, and hot blast inputs in described rotating shaft by described drying system, is more externally blown out by described air outlet.
Preferably, described rotating shaft is driven by a hollow shaft motor, and described rotating shaft is docked on the output hollow shaft of described hollow shaft motor, and hot blast is inputted in described rotating shaft by the output hollow shaft of described hollow shaft motor by described drying system.
Preferably, described mechanical arm is that 3 axles 3 regulated for the three-dimensional all-directional free degree tie up manipulator.
Preferably, the tail end of described mechanical arm is also provided with cam device, described cam device is connected with described controller.
Preferably, the tail end of described mechanical arm is also provided with for detecting the range unit with solar photovoltaic assembly distance, described range unit is connected with described controller.
Preferably, the tail end of described mechanical arm is also provided with the pressure test device for detecting pressure size between cleaning brush and solar photovoltaic assembly, described pressure test device is connected with described controller.
Preferably, described spray system comprises spray head, water tank, water pump, aqueduct and outlet conduit, described water tank is arranged on described trolley, described aqueduct is arranged along described mechanical arm, described outlet conduit along rack arrangement above described rotating shaft, the water inlet end of described aqueduct is connected with described water tank conducting by described water pump, the water side conducting of described aqueduct is connected on described outlet conduit, multiple described spray head interval is arranged on described outlet conduit, and described spray head carries out spray clean towards described rotating shaft.
Preferably, described trolley is Wheel-type or caterpillar.
In sum, the beneficial effect that the cleaning device that the utility model is used for cleaning solar photovoltaic module has is as follows:
1, the utility model is good for the cleaning effect of the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, and once clean can realization cleans dedusting oven dry except stain, and noresidue is without dead angle.
2, the utility model can accurately carry out clean and maintenance to various photovoltaic plant for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, be applicable to various complicated landform, the control solving the solar power station cleaning equipment existed in prior art is complicated, cleaning effect is inconsistent, can not adapt to complicated landform, cleaning speed is low, cleaning water consumption is large, technical problem residual water stain etc. after cleaning.
3, the utility model designs the mode that described rotating shaft is hollow shaft structure and adopts hollow shaft motor to drive further, and coordinate the setting of drying system and air outlet thereof, structure is more simple and reliable, and result of use is better.
4, the utility model has added cam device, range unit and pressure test device further, can improve the intellectuality of device further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of specific embodiment for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of specific embodiment cleaner.
Drawing reference numeral illustrates:
Trolley 100, mechanical arm 200, cleaner 300, support 310, rotating shaft 320, first cleaning brush 330, second cleaning brush 340, spray system 350, spray head 351, aqueduct 352, outlet conduit 353, drying system 360, air outlet 361, hollow shaft motor 370.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, present embodiment discloses a kind of cleaning device for cleaning solar photovoltaic module, comprise trolley 100, mechanical arm 200, cleaner 300 and controller (not shown), the head end of mechanical arm 200 is arranged on trolley 100, cleaner 300 is arranged on the tail end of mechanical arm 200, described controller control connection cleaner 300.
Shown in composition graphs 2, the cleaner 300 of the present embodiment comprises support 310, rotating shaft 320, first cleaning brush 330, second cleaning brush 340, spray system 350 and drying system 360, support 310 is arranged on the tail end of mechanical arm 200, rotating shaft 320 is rotatable to be arranged on support 310, first cleaning brush 330 is wrapped on rotating shaft 320 in right-handed screw structure, second cleaning brush 340 is wrapped on rotating shaft 320 in backpitch structure, spray system 350 has several for carrying out the spray head 351 of rinse water spray to solar photovoltaic assembly, drying system 360 has several for carrying out the air outlet 361 of hot blast drying to the solar photovoltaic assembly after cleaned.
Concrete, the rotating shaft 320 of the present embodiment is hollow shaft, and what multiple air outlet 361 kept at a certain distance away is opened on all sides of rotating shaft 320, and hot blast inputs in rotating shaft 320 by drying system 360, is more externally blown out by air outlet 361.Rotating shaft 320 is driven by a hollow shaft motor 370, and rotating shaft 320 is docked on the output hollow shaft of hollow shaft motor 370, and hot blast is inputted in rotating shaft 320 by the output hollow shaft of hollow shaft motor 370 by drying system 360.
As shown in Figure 2, the spray system 350 of the present embodiment comprises spray head 351, water tank (not shown), water pump (not shown), aqueduct 352 and outlet conduit 353, described water tank is arranged on trolley 100, aqueduct 352 is arranged along mechanical arm 200, outlet conduit 353 is arranged in above rotating shaft 320 along support 310, the water inlet end of aqueduct 352 is connected with described water tank conducting by described water pump, the water side conducting of aqueduct 352 is connected on outlet conduit 353, multiple spray head 351 interval is arranged on outlet conduit 353, spray head 351 carries out spray clean towards rotating shaft 320.
Exemplary, the trolley 100 of the present embodiment selects caterpillar, described controller comprises single-chip microcomputer, control panel and display screen, mechanical arm 200 is for 3 axles 3 regulated for the three-dimensional all-directional free degree of direct market outsourcing tieing up manipulator, drive and adopt hydraulic pressure or electricity, whole control loop is closed-loop control, the tail end of mechanical arm 200 is also provided with cam device (not shown), range unit (not shown) and pressure test device (not shown), described cam device, range unit and pressure test device are connected with described controller respectively, detected and solar photovoltaic assembly distance by range unit, pressure size between cleaning brush and solar photovoltaic assembly is detected by pressure test device.
Of course, in other specific embodiment modes, the trolley of the present embodiment can also select the other kinds engineering trucks such as Wheel-type dolly, controller also can select PLC etc., mechanical arm also can be six-joint robot, involved miscellaneous part also can carry out corresponding type selecting and suitably increase and decrease as required, repeats no more herein.
Exemplary, in the photovoltaic square formation power station in a certain large-scale desert area, there is large-area solar photovoltaic assembly needs to carry out regular cleaning.Utilize the present embodiment cleaning device as shown in Figure 1 to clean it, its concrete use procedure is as follows:
Operating personnel drive trolley 100 and advance along solar photovoltaic assembly, the position of cleaner 300 is adjusted by mechanical arm 200, cleaner 300 is made to move to above solar photovoltaic assembly to be cleaned, and start rotating shaft 320 and drive the first cleaning brush 330 and the second cleaning brush 340 to carry out helical rotation, start spray head 351 by spray system 350 to spray simultaneously, solar photovoltaic assembly is scrubbed successively.After scrubbing, start air outlet 361 by drying system 360 interval again to dry, when starting air outlet and carrying out hot blast drying, suspend spray head 351 pairs of external sprayings, make solar photovoltaic assembly to be cleaned carry out interval replace scrub and blow brush, realize cleaner 300 put in place through part disposable cleaning, and water stain-free noresidue is without dead angle.
With above-mentioned be only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model principle; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. the cleaning device for cleaning solar photovoltaic module, comprise trolley, mechanical arm, cleaner and controller, the head end of described mechanical arm is arranged on described trolley, described cleaner is arranged on the tail end of described mechanical arm, cleaner described in described controller control connection, it is characterized in that: described cleaner comprises support, rotating shaft, first cleaning brush, second cleaning brush, spray system and drying system, described Bracket setting is on the tail end of described mechanical arm, the rotatable setting of described rotating shaft on the bracket, described first cleaning brush be right-handed screw structure be wrapped on described rotating shaft, described second cleaning brush be backpitch structure be wrapped on described rotating shaft, described spray system has several for carrying out the spray head of rinse water spray to solar photovoltaic assembly, described drying system has several for carrying out the air outlet of hot blast drying to the solar photovoltaic assembly after cleaned.
2. as claimed in claim 1 for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, it is characterized in that: described rotating shaft is hollow shaft, described air outlet is opened on all sides of described rotating shaft, and hot blast inputs in described rotating shaft by described drying system, is more externally blown out by described air outlet.
3. as claimed in claim 2 for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, it is characterized in that: described rotating shaft is driven by a hollow shaft motor, described rotating shaft is docked on the output hollow shaft of described hollow shaft motor, and hot blast is inputted in described rotating shaft by the output hollow shaft of described hollow shaft motor by described drying system.
4. as claimed in claim 1 for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, it is characterized in that: described mechanical arm is that 3 axles 3 regulated for the three-dimensional all-directional free degree tie up manipulator.
5., as claimed in claim 1 for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, it is characterized in that: the tail end of described mechanical arm is also provided with cam device, described cam device is connected with described controller.
6. as claimed in claim 1 for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, it is characterized in that: the tail end of described mechanical arm is also provided with for detecting the range unit with solar photovoltaic assembly distance, described range unit is connected with described controller.
7. as claimed in claim 1 for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, it is characterized in that: the tail end of described mechanical arm is also provided with the pressure test device for detecting pressure size between cleaning brush and solar photovoltaic assembly, described pressure test device is connected with described controller.
8. as claimed in claim 1 for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, it is characterized in that: described spray system comprises spray head, water tank, water pump, aqueduct and outlet conduit, described water tank is arranged on described trolley, described aqueduct is arranged along described mechanical arm, described outlet conduit along rack arrangement above described rotating shaft, the water inlet end of described aqueduct is connected with described water tank conducting by described water pump, the water side conducting of described aqueduct is connected on described outlet conduit, multiple described spray head interval is arranged on described outlet conduit, described spray head carries out spray clean towards described rotating shaft.
9., as claimed in claim 1 for the cleaning device of cleaning solar photovoltaic module, it is characterized in that: described trolley is Wheel-type or caterpillar.
CN201520686548.6U 2015-09-07 2015-09-07 A belt cleaning device for rinsing solar PV modules Withdrawn - After Issue CN204912234U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520686548.6U CN204912234U (en) 2015-09-07 2015-09-07 A belt cleaning device for rinsing solar PV modules

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520686548.6U CN204912234U (en) 2015-09-07 2015-09-07 A belt cleaning device for rinsing solar PV modules

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204912234U true CN204912234U (en) 2015-12-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105642570A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 陈霞 Photovolatic module scraper cleaning method and device
CN105728384A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-07-06 中国民航大学 Intelligent washing device for embedded type aid-to-navigation lamp
CN105964577A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-28 中国民航大学 Multi-degree-of-freedom automatic cleaning device for recessed lamps of airport runways and control method
CN108816884A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-11-16 海安拓泰光伏有限公司 One kind being used for photovoltaic power station component cleaning device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105642570A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 陈霞 Photovolatic module scraper cleaning method and device
CN105642570B (en) * 2015-12-31 2018-03-23 台州长天能源技术有限公司 Photovoltaic module scraper plate cleaning method and device
CN105728384A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-07-06 中国民航大学 Intelligent washing device for embedded type aid-to-navigation lamp
CN105728384B (en) * 2016-05-09 2018-02-06 中国民航大学 A kind of embedded navaid light fixture intelligence cleaning device
CN105964577A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-28 中国民航大学 Multi-degree-of-freedom automatic cleaning device for recessed lamps of airport runways and control method
CN108816884A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-11-16 海安拓泰光伏有限公司 One kind being used for photovoltaic power station component cleaning device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20151230

Effective date of abandoning: 20160323