Photovoltaic module scraper plate cleaning method and device
The present invention relates to photovoltaic module scraper plate cleaning method and device.
A kind of existing photovoltaic cell component automatic rinser, being capable of automatic running and the artificial progress photovoltaic cell component of replacement
Cleaning, but its in order to disposed at inclination angle glass pane surface walking, using vacuum inhale pawl be connected with glass plate, be slow in action；
It is used as power again due to carrying battery, it is heavy, it is especially unsuitable for shifting between the adjacent photovoltaic cell component of larger gap.Have
A kind of photovoltaic module washes cleaning mode, is cleaned using charity cleaning solution, with rotary or drum-type broom, uses rag again
Rag including being wrapped on roller dries washings, with water it is more, dry and be not easy to.
The content of the invention
The invention aims to provide to use more easily photovoltaic cell component clean technologies, including be adapted to discontinuous
The cleaning device of operation on the photovoltaic cell component of installation.
The present invention realizes the technical scheme of its purpose：One photovoltaic module of manufacture scrapes board cleaning device, including cleaning device,
Connector and rolling linkage interface；Cleaning device includes one piece of scraper plate contacted with photovoltaic component glass plate, and cleaning device passes through
Connector is connected with rolling linkage interface；When rolling linkage interface rolls across the border of photovoltaic module, cleaning device is realized to photovoltaic
The cleaning of component, its scraper plate scrape off the water on automobile front windowpane as windshield wiper；
Further, the long mouth suction nozzle connected using a negative pressure source, one with negative pressure source or one are connected with negative pressure source
Be evenly equipped with multiple small suction nozzles suction nozzle row；Long mouth suction nozzle or the entrance of suction nozzle row are close to scraper plate and photovoltaic module surface
Contact position；The water or dirt of assembly surface are struck off by scraper plate, and are siphoned away by long mouth suction nozzle or suction nozzle row.
Rolling linkage interface can also be made to include sliding block and wheel group；Wheel group includes roller and Electric Motor Wheel group；Roll connection circle
The boundary fitting of face and photovoltaic module rolls connection.
Cleaning module can also be made to use symmetric design, i.e. the cleaning module of normal work after photovoltaic module unloads,
180 degree is rotated clockwise or counter-clockwise, it rolls linkage interface and still can be connected again with photovoltaic module；Or
It is attached between connector and cleaning device using a Plane Rotation vice mechanism, and in connector and cleaning
It is connected between device using a Plane Rotation drive mechanism so that cleaning device can be in photovoltaic component glass plate
Upper rotation, rotating range include positive and negative 45 degree；Or
Including a vertical cleaning device, vertical cleaning device is connected using mobile vice mechanism with connector, and using electricity
Dynamic screw mandrel drive mechanism is connected with connector.
The water distribution rag roller can also be made to include the pipe of a uniform through hole, the wiping material of the parcel pipe
And feed pipe；Water distribution rag roller is rolled with substrate using two revolute pair mechanisms of head and the tail and connected, and is employed as scraper plate cleaning
The Vidacare corp driving of device computer final control element；Also include with scraping board cleaning device computer control system
The detection wheel assembly of system host signal connection；Detection wheel assembly includes detection wheel, wheel bar, damper and is arranged on answering on wheel bar
Become piece；Wheel assembly is detected along the uniform some places in zig direction；One vibration head of both ends drive connection of water distribution rag roller,
Vibration head driving water distribution rag roller moves back and forth in photovoltaic component glass plate surface to be cleaned；Component table is stayed in after scouring
The mixed water in face is scraped dry by front scrapping plate and main scraper plate, and is siphoned away by preceding long mouth suction nozzle and main long mouth suction nozzle in the presence of negative pressure source.
It can also include scraping board cleaning device computer control system, roller is replaced with electric roller and using electric roller
Interface circuit is connected with changing cleaning device computer control system host signal, also configured with scraping board cleaning device computer
Power supply, communication system, remote control, camera and the perching knife manipulator of control system host signal connection；Perching knife manipulator includes
Mechanical arm and perching knife；Perching knife manipulator is connected using interface circuit with cleaning device computer control system host signal；Or
Also include a washing cleaning device, washing cleaning device includes water distribution rag roller, main scraper plate, front scrapping plate, base
Plate, safeguard, negative pressure source, the main long mouth suction nozzle connected with negative pressure source and preceding long mouth suction nozzle；Or
Also include a dry-cleaning cleaning device, dry-cleaning cleaning device includes dry-cleaning roller, main scraper plate, front scrapping plate, substrate, guarantor
Dangerous plate, negative pressure source, the main long mouth suction nozzle connected with negative pressure source and preceding long mouth suction nozzle.
Cleaning module and a logistics car can also be included；Logistics car includes chassis, chassis hydraulic automatic balance regulation dress
Put, external power source, water tank and be installed on logistics car and scrape board cleaning device mechanical arm；External power source is by power transmission line to scraping
Board cleaning device is powered；Or
The traction of logistics car scrapes board cleaning device and passes through from photovoltaic module surface and clean photovoltaic module surface.
Beneficial effect：Photovoltaic module of the present invention scrapes board cleaning device, can be irregular various in irregular shape, inclination angle
The surface of photovoltaic module includes glass pane surface and cleaning work is implemented on the array optical reflector of curved surface surface of tower type solar energy thermal power generation
Industry includes scraping water and scouring and roots out operation.The photovoltaic module that power supply is provided using logistics car scrapes board cleaning device, can will be stupid
Weight power accumulator be placed on ground, on the part on photovoltaic module it is lightly flexible.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that a multifunctional photovoltaic component scrapes the side structure schematic view that board cleaning device is placed on component.
Fig. 2 is that transverse reciprocating cleans multifunctional photovoltaic component and scrapes the facing structure that board cleaning device is placed on component and shows
It is intended to.
Fig. 3 be one it is vertical clean multifunctional photovoltaic component back and forth and scrape the facing structure that board cleaning device is placed on component show
It is intended to.
Fig. 4 be a multifunctional photovoltaic component scrape board cleaning device washing part bottom regard structural representation.
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 amplification b to section view.
Fig. 6 is Fig. 4 amplification c to section view.
Fig. 7 be a multifunctional photovoltaic component scrape board cleaning device dry-cleaning part bottom regard structural representation.
Fig. 8 is Fig. 7 amplification b to section view.
Fig. 9 is Fig. 7 amplification c to section view.
Figure 10 is the structural representation that a photovoltaic module using logistics car offer power supply scrapes board cleaning device.
1. cleaning device in figure；2. connector；3. roll linkage interface；4. ball or roller；5. photovoltaic module；6. side
Frame；7. movable flange；8. guy rope；9. mechanical arm；10. perching knife；11. camera；12. electronic screw mandrel drive mechanism；14. water distribution is smeared
Cloth roller；15. main scraper plate；16. front scrapping plate；17. substrate；18. safeguard；19. main long mouth suction nozzle；Long mouth suction nozzle before 20.；21.
Feed pipe；24. detection wheel；25. take turns bar；26. damper；27. foil gauge；28. dry-clean roller；29. logistics car；30. external electrical
Source；31. power transmission line.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 provides embodiment 1.
Embodiment 1, one multifunctional photovoltaic component of manufacture scrape board cleaning device, including the cleaning device for laterally cleaning
1st, connector 2 and rolling linkage interface 3.Cleaning device 1 is connected by connector 2 with rolling linkage interface 3.Connector includes two
Root connecting rod or one piece of connecting plate.Linkage interface 3 is rolled to refer to：Scraping board cleaning device needs to move on photovoltaic module array,
Therefore scraping needs an one-dimensional movement vice mechanism to be attached between board cleaning device and photovoltaic module array.It is most common one-dimensional
Mobile vice mechanism is sliding block and slide rail, and here, the frame of photovoltaic module has been shaped and more had the attribute of slide rail, is this
The part for needing to design a sliding block or wheel set type realizes an one-dimensional movement slave come the rim fits with photovoltaic module
The function of structure.Roll linkage interface 3 and just play a part of this sliding block or wheel set type part.Rolling linkage interface 3 includes
Sliding block and wheel group, either wheel group includes several balls or roller 4 to sliding block；Wheel group also includes Electric Motor Wheel group.Fig. 2 broken circle
Partial cutaway is shown：These balls or roller 4 roll connection from the frame 6 above with photovoltaic module 5 with cooperation.In view of usual light
Lie prostrate component 5 to arrange in inclination angle, it means that scrape board cleaning device also has pressure to the front of photovoltaic module 5.Therefore, connection is rolled
Also make to roll connection using ball or roller with the positive part of frame 6 of photovoltaic module 5 in interface 3.Sliding block and slide rail are bases
The mechanical components of property, relevant content may be referred to prior art.The scouring direction of horizontal cleaning device 1 is with scraping board cleaning device
Direction of advance it is consistent.
Cleaning module uses symmetric design, and so, what transverse shifting was cleaned scrapes board cleaning device, when having cleaned a row
After the array of photovoltaic module 5, it will scrape after board cleaning device unloads upset and be attached to another array of row's photovoltaic module 5, it is possible to from another
Direction starts to clean the surface of photovoltaic module 5.Before unloading photovoltaic module, two pieces of movable flange 7 should be opened as shown in Figure 1；Wait to pacify
After being attached on another row's photovoltaic module, two pieces of movable flange 7 are shut as shown in phantom in fig. 1, to prevent scraper plate sanitizer cartridge
Put unexpected come off.Movable flange 7 should also be arranged to roll linkage interface with the contact position of frame 6.Board cleaning device is scraped using one
Individual guy rope 8, pulling guy rope 8 to be moved along the array of photovoltaic module 5 as horizontal direction with manpower, animal power or electric car can be continuously real
Now clean.When finding that there is birds droppings dirt on the surface of photovoltaic module 4, manually can be rooted out with perching knife.
In order to improve automaticity, it will generally use and scrape board cleaning device computer control system to scraper plate sanitizer cartridge
Put and be controlled, roller 4 replaced with electric roller and using electric roller interface circuit with scraping the control of board cleaning device computer
The connection of system host signal, also to configure with scraping power supply that board cleaning device computer control system host signal be connected, leading to
Letter system, remote control, camera and perching knife manipulator.Perching knife manipulator includes mechanical arm 9 and perching knife 10.Mechanical arm 9 is used and connect
Mouth circuit is connected with scraping board cleaning device computer control system host signal.When scraping board cleaning device computer control system root
When thinking to need the implementation root out according to the report of camera, start perching knife manipulator to realize.Scrape the control of board cleaning device computer
System, electric roller, power supply, communication system, remote control, the relevant content of camera and mechanical arm refer to prior art.
Frame includes shaped metal frame.Photovoltaic module for not using frame, it is referred to the order of embodiment 1 and rolls company
Border face is directly connected with the periphery of photovoltaic module.
It can also be attached between connector and cleaning device using a Plane Rotation vice mechanism, and in connector
It is connected between cleaning device using a Plane Rotation drive mechanism so that cleaning device can be such as Fig. 2 dotted lines
It is shown to be rotated, and rotate cleaned under an angle state in the clockwise direction.Clearly for the light for not using frame
Component is lied prostrate, this design has the advantages of facilitating dust or washings easily to slide downwards.Can also use cleaning device with
Using fixed corner clockwise connection between connector, to facilitate dust or washings easily to slide downwards.
Fig. 3 provides embodiment 2.
Embodiment 2, manufacture a vertical multifunctional photovoltaic component cleaned back and forth and scrape board cleaning device including vertically cleaning
Device 1, connector 2, roll linkage interface 3, camera 11 and scrape board cleaning device computer control system, power supply, communication system
System, remote control, camera and perching knife manipulator.Vertical cleaning device 1 is using mobile vice mechanism and electronic screw mandrel drive mechanism 12
It is connected with connector 2.Scrape board cleaning device automatic transverse-moving, positioning and can be implemented from top to bottom with vertical cleaning device 1
Cleaned to photovoltaic module 5, including to each piece of order of photovoltaic module 5 of a row photovoltaic module, and with perching knife machinery manual manipulation
Except birds droppings dirt.
The binding one piece of rag of connection of cleaning device 1 can be carried out cleaning.But efficient cleaning device is not only to adopt
Use rag.Content about cleaning device 1 can be with the introduction of reference implementation example 1.The scouring direction of vertical cleaning device 1 is with scraping
The direction of advance of board cleaning device is inconsistent including vertical.
Cleaning device can be divided into washing cleaning device and dry-cleaning device.
Fig. 4 to Fig. 6 provides embodiment 3.
Embodiment 3, agreement cleaning device move from left to right.One multifunctional photovoltaic component of manufacture scrapes board cleaning device water
Wash cleaning device 1, including water distribution rag roller 14, main scraper plate 15, front scrapping plate 16, substrate 17 and safeguard 18, and negative pressure source
The main long mouth suction nozzle 19 and preceding long mouth suction nozzle 20 of connection.Water distribution rag roller 14, main scraper plate 15, front scrapping plate 16, substrate 17 and guarantor
The axial line of dangerous plate 18, main long mouth suction nozzle 19 and preceding long mouth suction nozzle 20 is parallel to each other.Water distribution rag roller 14, main long mouth suction nozzle 19
Suction inlet, main scraper plate 15, front scrapping plate 16, the suction inlet and safeguard 18 of preceding long mouth suction nozzle 19, this length dimension chooses and presses
According to：In the case where making laterally to clean, the height dimension of photovoltaic module glass surface to be cleaned subtracts position error gap；Or
In the case where making vertical clean, the width dimensions of photovoltaic module width glass surface to be cleaned subtract position error gap；Positioning
Error gap is smaller, and the area of photovoltaic module cleaning is bigger；1 to 25 millimeter of the scope in position error gap, preferably 1 to 6 milli
Rice.The actual working pressure scope of negative pressure source is between 0.8 to 0.2 standard atmospheric pressure, according to actual selection.Water distribution rag rolls
Cylinder 14 includes the pipe of a uniform through hole, the wiping material and feed pipe 21 of the parcel pipe.Water distribution rag roller 14
Outside dimension scope is 14 to 70 millimeters.The thickness range of wiping material is between 3 to 10 millimeters, preferably 5 millimeters.Wiping material
Including nylon yarn, stainless steel wire, luffa and clothing cloth.3 to 5 millimeters of the external diameter of feed pipe 21, length are rolled than water distribution rag
Cylinder 14 is short 3 to 20 millimeters, and along direction of axis line, uniformly some apertures are used for water distribution, and 20 to 50 millimeters of the aperture adjacent spaces are simultaneously
It is in 1 to 3 row straight line or helical arrangement on the tube wall of feed pipe 21.
The preferred size of water distribution rag roller 14 includes：6 millimeters of the tube outer diameter of uniform through hole, 0.8 millimeter of wall thickness；Supply water
4 millimeters of the external diameter of pipe 21；5 millimeters of the thickness of wiping material.Water distribution rag roller 14 is using two revolute pair mechanisms of head and the tail and base
Plate 17 rolls connection, and is employed as scraping the Vidacare corp driving of board cleaning device computer control system executive component；
The direction of the rotary speed of water distribution rag roller 14 can just can be anti-, when wash cleaning device 1 pace be 1 meter per second when, water distribution
The surface each point of rag roller 14 by rotational band Lai velocity interval be 0.1 to 2 meter per second.
Feed pipe 21 is connected by swivel joint, control valve and water pipe with water source.The source of water include be introduced from outside into and
The water storing tank being arranged on connector.These water reach photovoltaic component glass plate surface under gravity.These water include each
Kind detergent.The content of main scraper plate 15 is referred to the scraper plate of prior art hand-screen.Safeguard 18 is used to prevent
Injury of the bulk cullet plate of tilting to cleaning device.
It is required that the frame 6 of photovoltaic module 5 is as thin as possible and smooth, in order that cleaning device is made a response to frame 6, use
The detection wheel assembly being connected with scraping board cleaning device computer control system host signal.Detect wheel assembly include detection wheel 24,
Wheel bar 25, damper 26 and the foil gauge 27 being arranged on wheel bar 25.It is uniformly some along the length direction of substrate 17 to detect wheel assembly
Place；Substrate 17 is connected by damper 26 with scraping the base connection of board cleaning device；Damper 26 include mobile vice mechanism and
Spring, parallel state is in all the time to ensure substrate 17 with scraping the base connection of board cleaning device：When detection wheel above
24 overwhelm frame 6, and cleaner is raised up to about the 40% of bezel height, water distribution rag roller 14 also stop because of raising water distribution but
Front scrapping plate 16 and main scraper plate 15 are because the elasticity of itself is still within scraping aqueous mode, until detection wheel 24 below also overwhelms frame
6, cleaner is raised up to bezel height, and now water distribution rag roller, front scrapping plate 16 and main scraper plate 15 are all in vacant state.Main length
Mouth suction nozzle 19 and preceding long mouth suction nozzle 20 are inclined to main scraper plate 15 and front scrapping plate 16, are to more absorb water.Front scrapping plate 16 also as
Occlusion effect and help to maintain the vacuum at main long mouth suction nozzle 19.Board cleaning device computer control system is scraped according to shooting
Head obtain on the overall information of photovoltaic module include reaching the border of photovoltaic module array, photovoltaic module surface it is infrared
The effect of line chart piece, the position of birds droppings dirt and cleaning；Obtained according to foil gauge 27 on the current shape for scraping board cleaning device
State information includes whether glass plate has crack.
In terms of the distance between following 1.2 meters in cleaning 1 square metre of glass, 40 milliliters of water, glass pane surface, cleaning 50
2.4 liters of meter Chang Du glass plate water consumption（50*1.2*0.04）.
One vibration head of both ends drive connection of water distribution rag roller 14, vibration head driving water distribution rag roller can also be made
14 make amplitude in photovoltaic component glass plate surface moves back and forth for 1 millimeter, with water distribution rag roller 14 axis parallel
Cleaned.The mixed water that assembly surface is stayed in after scouring is scraped dry, the water when making transverse direction cleaning by front scrapping plate 16 and main scraper plate 15
Not as good as discharge, it is necessary to which preceding long mouth suction nozzle 20 and main long mouth suction nozzle 19 siphon away in the presence of negative pressure source.Scrape board cleaning device institute
The source of the electric energy needed includes being introduced from outside into and being arranged on battery substantially.The frequency scope moved back and forth is 1 to 6
Secondary/second.Relevant content refers to prior art.
In embodiment 3, the cloth scrub water of water distribution rag roller 14, wash water scrapes collection in front scrapping plate 16 and preceding long mouth suction nozzle 20 aspirates
Double action under, constantly accumulation and be removed and remain 2 millimeter heads, remaining a small amount of wash water by main scraper plate 15 from
Glass pane surface is scraped dry doubling and shifted by main long mouth suction nozzle 19, reaches cleaning purpose.
In order to mitigate the weight for scraping board cleaning device and cleaning device, using light material and light-duty design, including adopt
With carbon fiber material, and use frame-type connector.The conventional full-automatic weight for scraping board cleaning device of the first generation may be used
To accomplish less than 5.9 kilograms, and can be with normal work including realizing 1.18 meters of main Wiper blades of length just by own wt
Often scrape water.
Single main scraper plate 15 or individually main scraper plate 15, which add main long mouth suction nozzle 19, can also realize glass pane surface
Cleaning, including dry reach cleaning purpose by dew and frost and close to 0 DEG C of ice scrape.
In embodiment 3, long mouth suction nozzle 20 before omission, or long mouth suction nozzle 20 and front scrapping plate 16 before omitting, being still all can be with
The technical scheme of use.
Fig. 7 to Fig. 9 provides embodiment 4.
In embodiment 4, one multifunctional photovoltaic component of manufacture scrapes board cleaning device dry-cleaning cleaning device 1, including Dry-cleaning roller
Cylinder 28, main scraper plate 15, front scrapping plate 16, substrate 17, safeguard 18, the main long mouth suction nozzle 19 connected with negative pressure source and preceding long mouth are inhaled
Mouth 20.Wash roller 28, main scraper plate 15, front scrapping plate 16, substrate 17, safeguard 18, the main long mouth suction nozzle 19 connected with negative pressure source
It is parallel to each other with the axial line of preceding long mouth suction nozzle 20.Roller 28, main scraper plate 15, front scrapping plate 16, safeguard 18, main long mouth is dry-cleaned to inhale
The suction inlet of the suction inlet of mouth 19 and preceding long mouth suction nozzle 20, this length dimension choose the contents selection with reference to embodiment 3.Dry-cleaning
Roller 28 includes the wiping material of a pipe and parcel pipe.The outside dimension scope for dry-cleaning roller 28 is 14 to 120 millimeters.
The thickness range of wiping material is between 3 to 10 millimeters, preferably 5 millimeters.Wiping material includes the flannelette for making blackboard eraser.
The preferred size of dry-cleaning roller 28 includes：16 millimeters of tube outer diameter, 0.8 millimeter of wall thickness；The milli of thickness 5 of wiping material
Rice.Dry-clean roller 28 to connect using two revolute pair mechanisms of head and the tail and the rolling of substrate 17, and be employed as scraping board cleaning device meter
The Vidacare corp driving of calculation machine final control element, the direction of rotary speed can just can be anti-, when dry-cleaning cleaning device 1
Pace when being 1 meter per second, the dry-cleaning surface each point of roller 28 by rotational band Lai velocity interval be 0.1 to 2 meter per second.May be used also
With one vibration head of both ends drive connection of order dry-cleaning roller 28, vibration head driving dry-cleaning roller 28 makees amplitude range as 0.2 to 2
Millimeter, it is vertical with dry-cleaning the axial line of roller 28, along the vibration of photovoltaic component glass plate plane to shake off dust.The frequency of vibration head
Scope is at 10 to 60 times/seconds.
In embodiment 4, dry-cleaning roller 28 while rotation while move ahead side vibration head effect under vibrate, scouring the table of photovoltaic module 5
The dust dirt in face is allowed to come off and is dropped or is siphoned away by main long mouth suction nozzle 19 and preceding long mouth suction nozzle 20, realizes the mesh of cleaning
's.Rooted out when needing using perching knife.
In embodiment 4, main scraper plate 15 and front scrapping plate 16 are advantageous to keep the vacuum at main long mouth suction nozzle 19, vacuum height
Suction is big；The grade of detection wheel 24 is used to detect photovoltaic component frame and make a response to frame etc., joins having inside the Pass for embodiment 3 in detail
Individually dry-cleaning roller 28 or single dry-cleaning roller 28 can also realize glass plate plus main long mouth suction nozzle 19
The cleaning on surface.
In embodiment 4, long mouth suction nozzle 20 before omission, or long mouth suction nozzle 20 and front scrapping plate 16 before omitting, being still all can be with
The technical scheme of use.
In embodiment 3 and 4, only it can be used for removing the snow using only plate object as safeguard.
Figure 10 provides embodiment 5.
Embodiment 5, manufacture a photovoltaic module that power supply is provided using logistics car and scrape board cleaning device, including cleaning device
1 and a logistics car 29.Logistics car 29 include chassis, chassis hydraulic automatic balance adjusting means, external power source 30, water tank and
It is installed on logistics car and scrapes board cleaning device mechanical arm 9.Chassis hydraulic automatic balance adjusting means is in ground out-of-flatness, energy
Enough automatic holding chassis are in horizontality all the time, it is ensured that mechanical arm 9 is in good operating mode all the time.External power source 30 passes through transmission of electricity
Line 31 scrapes board cleaning device power supply to scraper plate.Water tank is supplied water by water-supply-pipe to board cleaning device is scraped.Mechanical arm 9 is held for act
Cleaning device 1 realizes the cleaning to photovoltaic module 5.Cleaning device 1 respectively rolls linkage interface 3 with one at upper and lower two and is connected,
Roll linkage interface 3 make to scrape board cleaning device slide it is steady light.
Embodiment 5 can also make following accommodation：
1）Without mechanical arm, using guy rope（Join embodiment 1）Cleaning device 1 and logistics car 29 are connected, retains power transmission line 31
Supplied water with water-supply-pipe to scraping board cleaning device power supply.Board cleaning device still so is scraped using the dragging of logistics car, but can be omitted
The high mechanical arm of cost and chassis hydraulic automatic balance adjusting means；
2）Without mechanical arm, retain the power supply of power transmission line 31 and water-supply-pipe supplies water, make the more than one rolling linkage interface 3 be
The Electric Motor Wheel group being connected with scraping board cleaning device computer control system host signal；And logistics car also by interface circuit with
Scrape the host signal connection of board cleaning device computer control system.And retain power transmission line 31 and water-supply-pipe to scraping board cleaning device
Power supply is supplied water.This design is well suited for moving cleaning device progress dry cleaning using vertical mode.