CN202979607U - Intertillage hiller for integral operation of ridge busting, fertilization and film mulching - Google Patents

Intertillage hiller for integral operation of ridge busting, fertilization and film mulching Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202979607U
CN202979607U CN 201220737786 CN201220737786U CN202979607U CN 202979607 U CN202979607 U CN 202979607U CN 201220737786 CN201220737786 CN 201220737786 CN 201220737786 U CN201220737786 U CN 201220737786U CN 202979607 U CN202979607 U CN 202979607U
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China
Prior art keywords
film
ridge
fertilization
fertilizer
busting
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220737786
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄伟群
陈晓
陈媛梅
谭廙
李松林
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GUANGXI GUIGANG POWER CO Ltd
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GUANGXI GUIGANG POWER CO Ltd
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Priority to CN 201220737786 priority Critical patent/CN202979607U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an intertillage hiller for the integral operation of ridge busting, fertilization and film mulching. According to the intertillage hiller, a funnel fertilization device is fixedly arranged behind an engine; a speed changing box is arranged behind a support and is in transmission connected with the engine by a belt; a handrail is arranged on the upper right side of the funnel fertilization device and is used for controlling the forward speed and forward direction of the integral machine; a double-row anti-skid wheel is arranged at the transverse power output end below a speed change box; a rotary tillage box which is fixedly connected with the speed change box; a ridge busting hilling cutter is arranged at the tail end of the rotary tillage box; and a film mulching machine assembly is arranged on the last part. According to the intertillage hiller, the fertilization device, the ridge busting hilling cutter and the film mulching machine assembly are arranged on the machine frame simultaneously, so that the integral operation of the ridge busting, the fertilization and the film mulching can be performed at one time; and the cultivation operation of the ridge busting, the fertilization, the film mulching, coverage and the like of small-block crops in hilly areas is completed by the cooperation of labor power and animal power, but after the intertillage hiller is used, the integral operation of ridging, the film mulching, the fertilization and film lamination is completed at one time, so that labor cost is reduced.

Description

Broken ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation cultivator-hiller
Technical field
The utility model relates to farming equipment, particularly can disposablely carry out the cultivator-hiller that single file breaks ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation.
Background technology
all the time, the acreage under cultivation of the little plot crop of knob accounts for the arable area significant proportion, and scale of agricultural operation is mainly take family as main, distribute the plantation block area little, be difficult to realize mechanization, the broken ridge fertilizer film paving cultivation operation of ploughing is all that what to lean on is that manpower and animal power cooperation are completed, open the ridge, fertilising, epiphragma and the operation of press mold substep, not only can increase the farming cost by artificial manual labor merely, cultivate efficient low, therefore can miss the season of growth of crops, and then affect crop yield, the little plot farming operation form that manually distributes in knob can not satisfy the demand of modern agro-farming, on the other hand, along with the increase in demand of peasant to crop yield, operation quality requires also more and more higher, and expanding economy simultaneously and country purchase the increase of machine subsidy dynamics to agricultural machinery, evoke the peasant of knob little plot farming to the serious hope of agricultural mechanization.
Relevant research of breaking ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation cultivator-hiller at present has much, as:
1, application (patent) number: 201120076559.4 " stubble cane broken ridge Fertilizing film overlying machine " (Granted publication number: CN202009568U), disclose a kind of stubble cane and broken the ridge Fertilizing film overlying machine, the horizontal output of the inner gear of the gear box axle of this machine is equipped with pinion, gear-box is connected through gear train with cutter shaft, the set of blades that at least three groups connect by tool rest is installed on cutter shaft, the rear lower of frame is provided with for book film reel stay pipe used is installed, and the two ends of stay pipe are connected with dead lever by adjusting rod; The funneling fertilizer can of mounting strap auger type distributor above frame, the screw-conveyer-shaft of auger type distributor is arranged on frame by bearing, the dispenser gear that is connected with pinion by chain is installed on screw-conveyer-shaft, the outlet of the below of auger type distributor connects the fertilizer conduit, and the outlet of fertilizer conduit is placed in frame the place ahead.But at least three group set of blades are installed on its cutter shaft, spacing between set of blades is identical with line space, more than that is to say farming three row of this machine, this obviously is not suitable in the knob the required single file in little plot and cultivates operation, peasant for the little plot farming in the knob, purchase cost and maintenance cost are higher, use inconvenient, to one's profit.
2, the patent No. is " banking machine " (Granted publication number: CN201048471) of 200720154260.X, comprise: frame, land wheel, soil heaping board, be symmetrical arranged little of at least one monomer on frame and horizontally slip with the forward and backward frame of frame and coordinate, and fix by clamp; The front that described monomer is little the clean-up scraper that is spirally connected, the centre that monomer is little arranges land wheel and soil fetching disk, and liter native tooth and soil fetching disk dish are set in the wheel rim of land wheel, and to throw native face corresponding; Corresponding before and after the balk that soil fetching disk spreads to clean-up scraper again; Little native plate of the affixed cunning in top of described frame and monomer, sliding native plate and slide sieve are connected as a single entity, and sliding native plate top is stretched in land wheel; The bottom of slide sieve arranges banker, described banker is made of soil heaping board and screening seedling plate, and soil heaping board is the vertical panel that end opening inwardly dwindles, and arranges to hide the seedling plate in soil heaping board, soil heaping board and screening seedling plate and slide sieve and frame are hinged, and this utility model effect aspect the ridging operation is fine.But this utility model focuses on ridging, can not apply fertilizer simultaneously, the plastic film mulch operation, that is to say that fertilising, plastic film mulch work also need manually to complete, mechanization degree is not high, and peasant's physical strength is had certain requirement, does not satisfy the peasant to the demand of Machinery Automation.
3, the patent No. is CN200520078640.0's " a kind of automatic banking machine " (Granted publication number: CN2779825), this utility model comprises with front-wheel, the frame of trailing wheel and handrail, the top of frame front end is provided with diesel engine, be provided with the hack wheel that is connected with the output shaft of diesel engine below the frame front end, be provided with dustpan and blanket roller on the front axle of hack wheel rear end, roller after also being provided with on frame, be provided with the conveyer belt with scraper plate on blanket roller and rear roller, the lower end of rear roller is provided with soil-dividing groove, also be provided with baffle plate on the lower end frame of soil-dividing groove, also be provided with the gearbox that is connected with the output shaft of diesel engine by conveyer belt on frame, gearbox is connected with decelerator by conveyer belt, the output shaft of decelerator is connected with rear roller by chain.But, this utility model soil depth is little, bearing capacity is little, and, grit hard in geology such as hills more area is cultivated, and the hack wheel is easy to damage, the ridging cutter tooth that easily jumps, and change difficulty, higher to peasant's Operation and maintenance specification requirement, and, this utility model can not disposablely be broken ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation, does not satisfy peasant's demand under single file haggard state of cultivation.
Therefore, need a kind of machinery that can disposablely carry out single file broken ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation the peasant of knob farming, to reduce labor intensity, satisfy the demand of Machinery Automation.
Summary of the invention
The utility model technology is mainly used in the disposable single file that carries out of little plot, knob farmland crops farming and breaks ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation, realizes agricultural mechanization, the automation in farmland, little plot, knob.
the utility model is the disposable ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation cultivator-hiller that breaks of energy, comprise the engine and the funneling fertilizer applicator that are fixedly mounted on frame, engine is fixed on the place ahead of frame by securing member, the funneling fertilizer applicator of fixed installation after engine, the support rear is equipped with gearbox, be connected by belt transmission with engine, funneling fertilizer applicator upper right side is equipped with handrail, be used for controlling pace and the direction of whole machinery, gearbox below lateral dynamics output is the biserial anti-pulley, what be fixedly connected with gearbox is the rotary tillage case, rotary tillage case end is equipped with brokenly the ridge ridging cutter, decline is the film-laying machine assembly, fixed mount one end that described film-laying machine assembly comprises is fixedly connected on above the rotary tillage case, the other end is equipped with pressing film roller and film frame assembly, side earthing cutter and film frame assembly are arranged on respectively the front and back of pressing film roller by rod member, cultivator-hiller is equipped with funneling fertilizer applicator simultaneously, broken ridge ridging cutter, the film-laying machine assembly, so the utility model can break ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation simultaneously, easily.
The fertilizer delivery outlet of funneling fertilizer applicator, broken ridge ridging cutter and film-laying machine assembly are arranged on same straight line, wherein the horizontal direction spacing distance of the fertilizer delivery outlet of funneling fertilizer applicator and broken ridge ridging cutter is 5~15 centimetres, and the horizontal direction spacing distance of broken ridge ridging cutter and film-laying machine assembly is 40~80 centimetres.
because the utility model is equipped with fertilizer applicator simultaneously on frame, broken ridge ridging cutter, the film-laying machine assembly, therefore the present technique utility model can disposablely be broken ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation, particularly the crop farming of little plot was all to complete brokenly the ridge by manpower and animal power cooperation in the past in the knob, fertilising, plastic film mulch, cover and wait the cultivation operation, open the ridge after having used now the utility model technology, epiphragma, fertilising and the press mold overall operation is disposable completes, greatly reduce human cost, liked by the peasant, production efficiency obviously improves, caught up with the time in spring ploughing busy farming season, the crop growth situation is better, the utility model machine is to banana ground, cigarette ground, the vegetable plot, capsicum ground waits also has sizable practical value, and got the nod and promoted, according to conservative estimation, the utility model exists and produces at least the market potential of 300,000 per year.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the utility model breaks ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation cultivator-hiller structural representation.
Wherein: 1-engine; 2-funneling fertilizer applicator; 3-handrail; 4-frame; 5-biserial anti-pulley; 6-gearbox; 7-rotary tillage case; 8-broken ridge ridging cutter; 9-film-laying machine assembly; 10-belt; 11-fixed mount; 12-pressing film roller; 13-film frame assembly; 14-side earthing cutter.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, when cultivator-hiller is not worked, funneling fertilizer applicator 2 is not put fertilizer, engine 1 is as the power source of whole machinery, be arranged on the foremost of frame 4, play the effect that power is sent to reduction box 6 by belt 10, reduction box 6 is not when working, biserial anti-pulley 5 and rotary tillage case 7 all are ready, and broken ridge ridging cutter kiss the earth remains static; Film-laying machine assembly 9 is supporting mechanical rear at whole mechanical rear portion, plays a part to stablize center of gravity, also is ready.
in operation process, at first funneling fertilizer applicator 2 is filled fertilizer, adjust the fertilizer delivery outlet, ato unit 1, funneling fertilizer applicator 2 are along with driven by engine advances, and straight line fertilizer band equably sheds, engine 1 transmits power to reduction box 6 by belt 10, power-conversion through the reduction box internal mechanism, drive biserial anti-pulley 5 at the lateral dynamics output, driving whole machine advances, control by promotion direction of advance and the speed that handrail 3 is controlled whole machine, on the other hand, reduction box 6 power Longitudinal outputs drive 7 work of rotary tillage case, drive 8 rotations of broken ridge ridging cutter, under the traction of power, broken ridge ridging cutter 8 ridge of digging brokenly can be carried out the fertilizer band that funneling fertilizer applicator 2 sheds the scarifying of earth piece, be pulverized the earth piece, film-laying machine assembly 9 is under the traction of fixed mount 11, along with machine advances, the operation of earthing up, 13 pairs of broken ridge ridging cutters 8 of film frame assembly are dug the earth piece that comes and are further pulverized, being beneficial to fertilizer dissolves in earth piece gap, pressing film roller 12 rotates at a slow speed under active force and advances, to broken ridge ridging cutter 8 and 13 scarifyings of film frame assembly, earth piece after pulverizing carries out the plastic film mulch operation, cover the crops of cultivating, at last, the earth piece that drops to the side will have been trained, need to use side earthing cutter 14, side earthing cutter 14 is under the traction of power, straight line forward, due to its intilted structure, the earth of digging can be trained toward the overlay film face, carry out press mold, also play the effect of being earthed up in the side, the disposable ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation of completing brokenly of the utility model, effect is very good, efficient is quite fast, the peasant's of knob little plot farming good assistant.
After having used the utility model, broken ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation is accomplished without any letup, what changed that little plot, knob crops lean on is the backward farming mode of production that ridge, epiphragma, fertilising and the operation of press mold substep are completed out in manpower and animal power cooperation, greatly reduce human cost, enhance productivity, the good results are evident in farming.Be below use after the utility model with some data of conventional tillage mode relatively.
? Broken ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation cultivator-hiller Conventional tillage machinery
Required manpower (people) 2 6
Operating efficiency (m/min) 4 2
Cost (ten thousand yuan) 1.1 1
Above Data Comparison analysis in the situation that cost is more or less the same, is used broken ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation cultivator-hiller not only to save 4 labours, and also obviously improve obvious technical effects aspect operating efficiency.

Claims (3)

1. broken ridge fertilizer film paving overall operation cultivator-hiller, comprise the engine (1) and the funneling fertilizer applicator (2) that are fixedly mounted on frame (4), engine is fixed on the place ahead of frame (4) by securing member, the funneling fertilizer applicator of fixed installation after engine, the support rear is equipped with gearbox (6), be in transmission connection by belt (10) with engine, funneling fertilizer applicator upper right side is equipped with handrail (3), gearbox below lateral dynamics output is biserial anti-pulley (5), it is characterized in that: what be fixedly connected with gearbox is rotary tillage case (7), rotary tillage case end is equipped with brokenly ridge ridging cutter (8), decline is film-laying machine assembly (9), fixed mount (11) one ends that described film-laying machine assembly comprises are fixedly connected on above the rotary tillage case, the other end is equipped with pressing film roller (12) and film frame assembly (13), side earthing cutter (14) and film frame assembly are arranged on respectively the front and back of pressing film roller (12) by rod member.
2. cultivator-hiller according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the fertilizer delivery outlet of described funneling fertilizer applicator (2), broken ridge ridging cutter (8) and film-laying machine assembly (9) are arranged on same straight line, wherein the spacing distance of the fertilizer delivery outlet of funneling fertilizer applicator (2) and broken ridge ridging cutter (8) is 5~15 centimetres, and the spacing distance of broken ridge ridging cutter (8) and film-laying machine assembly (9) is 40~80 centimetres.
3. cultivator-hiller according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the number of blades of described broken ridge ridging cutter (8) is 3, spiral installation is fastened on rotary tillage case (7) Longitudinal output.
CN 201220737786 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Intertillage hiller for integral operation of ridge busting, fertilization and film mulching Expired - Fee Related CN202979607U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220737786 CN202979607U (en) 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Intertillage hiller for integral operation of ridge busting, fertilization and film mulching

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220737786 CN202979607U (en) 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Intertillage hiller for integral operation of ridge busting, fertilization and film mulching

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918368A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-16 林双凤 Electric banking machine
CN104255097A (en) * 2014-09-20 2015-01-07 张凤武 Hand holding tillage type motor seeder
CN105284505A (en) * 2014-10-09 2016-02-03 长阳圣达农业机械有限公司 Power-assisted plastic film mulching machine
CN107873154A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-06 黄春林 A kind of rotary tilling-type ridging mini-tiller
CN108235890A (en) * 2016-12-26 2018-07-03 广西南宁途御科技有限公司 Sugarcane break ridge overlay film banker
CN110115124A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-13 周淑贤 A kind of agricultural machinery wheat cultivation integrated apparatus

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918368A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-16 林双凤 Electric banking machine
CN104255097A (en) * 2014-09-20 2015-01-07 张凤武 Hand holding tillage type motor seeder
CN105284505A (en) * 2014-10-09 2016-02-03 长阳圣达农业机械有限公司 Power-assisted plastic film mulching machine
CN105284505B (en) * 2014-10-09 2019-02-19 长阳圣达农业机械有限公司 Power-assisted mulch film-laying machine
CN108235890A (en) * 2016-12-26 2018-07-03 广西南宁途御科技有限公司 Sugarcane break ridge overlay film banker
CN107873154A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-06 黄春林 A kind of rotary tilling-type ridging mini-tiller
CN107873154B (en) * 2017-11-21 2024-02-09 邱县骏马机械有限公司 Rotary tillage type hilling mini-tiller
CN110115124A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-13 周淑贤 A kind of agricultural machinery wheat cultivation integrated apparatus

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130612

Termination date: 20181228