CN202503962U - Layered three-dimensional greenhouse - Google Patents

Layered three-dimensional greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202503962U
CN202503962U CN201220061665XU CN201220061665U CN202503962U CN 202503962 U CN202503962 U CN 202503962U CN 201220061665X U CN201220061665X U CN 201220061665XU CN 201220061665 U CN201220061665 U CN 201220061665U CN 202503962 U CN202503962 U CN 202503962U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
north
confined space
frame
ground
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201220061665XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王京生
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王京生
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Priority to CN201220061665XU priority Critical patent/CN202503962U/en
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Publication of CN202503962U publication Critical patent/CN202503962U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

Provided is a layered three-dimensional greenhouse. The layered three-dimensional greenhouse comprises one or a plurality of greenhouse bodies. Each greenhouse body comprises an east wall, a west wall, a north wall and a euphotic film. The euphotic film covers the three walls, a first closed space is arranged on the north side of the north wall of the greenhouse body and a shed frame is arranged on the ground of the first closed space. The soil plantation or soilless plantation is carried out in the shed frame, one or a plurality of second closed spaces used for plantation of sciophilous plants or funguses are arranged under the ground among the three walls of the greenhouse body. According to the layered three-dimensional greenhouse, the closed spaces are respectively arranged under the ground of the greenhouse and in the shed frame, and therefore the use area is enlarged and sunshine to adjacent greenhouses are not blocked. Meanwhile, the shed frame is arranged on the closes spaces located on the ground, and therefore the layered three-dimensional greenhouse solves the problem of failure on plantation and utilization of a shade portion of the greenhouse due to the fact of a small amount of illumination and increases the use area of an equal land by 1 - 3 times.

Description

The three-dimensional greenhouse of a kind of layering
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the greenhouse technology field, particularly relates to the three-dimensional greenhouse of a kind of layering.
Background technology
Day-light greenhouse is the exclusive a kind of greenhouse type of north China; Mainly be made up of retaining wall, back roofing and front roof three parts, be called for short " three elements " of greenhouse by solar heat, wherein front roof is whole daylighting faces in greenhouse; The plastic covering film daylighting of daylighting period on daytime front roof; When outdoor illumination weakens, in time use movable thermal insulation quilt plastic covering film, to strengthen the insulation in greenhouse.Even also only rely on sunshine to keep indoor certain temperature levels the season the coldest, to satisfy the needs of vegetable crop growth.
Conventional greenhouse by solar heat land utilization rate is low, only utilizes the plantation of one deck soil, and the greenhouse shade can not utilize or seldom utilize; Influenced by dash area; The greenhouse line space is causing a large amount of land wastages more than ten meters or ten meters, solid growth is limited by illumination effect in the greenhouse, and effectively cultivated area is less; The efficient of working continuously is low, because the restriction of green house self-condition, if the soil fertility in it can not get replenishing timely and effectively, when working continuously, output of vegetables and quality all can reduce, and easily along with the soil insect pest that spreads disease.In order to improve the yield and quality of vegetables, present vegetable-cultivating organic method water, fertilizer application amount are bigger, not only pollute surrounding enviroment, the more important thing is and have improved the vegetables cost.Different regions and regional soil, differing guarantees to provide vegetable growth needed nutrient component surely.
And, arable land or basic farmland that conventional chamber planting requirement condition is good, but this type ploughed or farmland itself is exactly very nervous scarce resource, and implant mass base in flakes, the side of being built into faces the addressing difficult problem.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that (one) will solve
The technical problem that the utility model will solve is: existing green house is influenced by dash area, the greenhouse line space ten meters or more than, cause a large amount of land wastages, solid growth is limited by illumination effect in the greenhouse, effectively cultivated area is less.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of layering three-dimensional greenhouse.
Wherein, Said greenhouse comprises one or more greenhouses body, and said greenhouse body comprises east, west, north three face walls and light-transmissive film, and said light-transmissive film covers on three face walls; The north side of body north wall is provided with first confined space in the greenhouse; Be positioned at first confined space and be provided with frame on the ground, on said frame, have soil species to plant or hydroponics, the underground between three face walls of greenhouse body is provided with one or more second confined spaces that are used to plant ombrophyte or mushroom.
Preferably, the top of said frame is provided with fly net, net canopy greenhouse, greenhouse net canopy or plastic tunnel.
Preferably, the distance B between the north wall of said greenhouse body and adjacent greenhouse body is 1.5~1.8 times of light-transmissive film terrain clearance H.
Preferably, the length L of said frame satisfies following relation: L≤Dh/H with height h.
Preferably, said first confined space is positioned at underground, in said first confined space, carries out the mushroom plantation.
Preferably, the distance of the bottom surface of said first confined space and end face is greater than 2 meters.
Preferably, said light-transmissive film is plastic foil or glass.
Preferably, carry out hydroponics in the said greenhouse body.
(3) beneficial effect
Technique scheme has following advantage: the utility model is through being respectively equipped with confined space in green house underground and cloudy canopy; In this confined space, carry out the plantation of ombrophyte or mushroom; Thereby enlarged usable floor area, and can not stop the sunlight of adjacent green house.And; The utility model is provided with through be positioned on the ground part at this confined space that soil species is planted or the frame of hydroponics; Solve the cloudy canopy part in greenhouse because of the less problem that can't plant and utilize of illumination, increased 1~3 times of equal land use area.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the utility model.
Wherein, 1: light-transmissive film; 2: the north wall; 3: the second confined spaces; 4: the first confined spaces; 5: frame; 6: ceiling.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the embodiment of the utility model is described in further detail.Following examples are used to explain the utility model, but are not used for limiting the scope of the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1; Be the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the utility model, this greenhouse comprises one or more greenhouses body, and said greenhouse body comprises east, west, north three face walls and light-transmissive film 1; Said light-transmissive film 1 covers on three face walls; The north side of body north wall 2 is provided with the north side that first confined space, 4, the first confined spaces 4 are positioned at the less north wall of sunlight in the greenhouse, is referred to as the cloudy canopy in greenhouse again.Be positioned at first confined space 4 and be provided with frame 5 on the ground, on said frame 5, have soil species to plant or hydroponics, the underground between three face walls of greenhouse body is provided with one or more second confined spaces 3 that are used to plant ombrophyte or mushroom.A place among the figure be the greenhouse body before domatic, the B place is the north wall of greenhouse body, the C place be frame northernmost, the cloudy canopy in C place and greenhouse also be provided with the passageway northernmost.The utility model carries out the plantation of ombrophyte or mushroom, thereby has enlarged usable floor area, and can not stop the sunlight of adjacent green house through in green house underground and cloudy canopy, being respectively equipped with confined space in this confined space.And; The utility model is provided with through be positioned on the ground part at this confined space that soil species is planted or the frame of hydroponics; Solve the cloudy canopy part in greenhouse because of the less problem that can't plant and utilize of illumination, increased 1~3 times of equal land use area.
First confined space 4 of the utility model is used to plant ombrophyte or mushroom, can be all be positioned on the ground, underground or the part be positioned on the ground, promptly can be house on basement, partly-exposed basement or the ground.Preferably, first confined space 4 is positioned at the underground of the cloudy canopy in greenhouse, is basement, and the structure of this basement can not destroyed the cloudy canopy surface soil in greenhouse, and can carry out the mushroom plantation at this basement, thereby has enlarged usable floor area.First confined space 4 has been shown among the figure has part to be positioned on the ground, has part to be positioned at underground, i.e. partly-exposed basement structure.In order to make adjacent green house sunny; Avoid sheltering from the sunlight of adjacent green house; And make full use of the space on the first confined space top as far as possible; Be positioned at first confined space 4 and be provided with frame 5 on the ground, on said frame 5, have soil species to plant or hydroponics, the distance B between the north wall of greenhouse body and adjacent greenhouse body is 1.5~1.8 times of light-transmissive film terrain clearance H.Do not cover adjacent greenhouse body in order to satisfy frame 5, preferably, the length L of said frame 5 satisfies following relation: L≤Dh/H with height h.
Definite foundation of the length L of the frame 5 of the utility model is: the sunshine that 1, can not block adjacent greenhouse; 2, length can not exceed the scope of the cloudy canopy part in greenhouse; 3, according to mushroom plantation and harvestings needs, between the reservation growing area with the length in aisle.Definite foundation of its height h is: the sunshine that 1, can not block adjacent greenhouse; 2, highly be not less than top eight, bacterium chamber and arranged sunshine to nine months to satisfy the requirement of top soilless culture demand; 3, according to the ergonomics requirement, must not be lower than 2 meters with reference to basement clear height in the civil buildings standard is minimum, utilizing dash area to greatest extent, and satisfy the mushroom plantation and pluck needs.Definite foundation of the relation that need to satisfy between the height h of the frame 5 of the utility model and the length L is following: when frame is maximum height when overlapping with day light (being positioned among the figure the dotted line on the frame) northernmost; This moment L/D=h/H; Block the sunlight of the greenhouse body that links to each other for fear of frame, its frame length L satisfies following relation: L≤Dh/H with height h.Preferably, end face in first confined space and the distance between the bottom surface can be carried out manual operation, ergonomic requirement greater than 2 meters thereby make in the confined space of winning.
The utility model also underground between three enclosure walls of greenhouse body is provided with one or more second confined spaces 3 that are used to plant ombrophyte or mushroom; Promptly the underground of body is provided with confined space in the greenhouse; Be used to plant ombrophyte or mushroom, thereby with about cultivated area doubles in the green house of routine.The confined space of this embodiment can be the bacterium chamber that unified kind is set, and perhaps cuts off with damp condition according to different mushrooms are temperature required, and the bacterium chamber of varying environment condition is set.More preferably, green house is isolated through isolated materials preferably such as cement with this confined space, and this isolation surface keeps certain distance for being obliquely installed between the isolation surface and second confined space.
Consult Fig. 1 once more, the light-transmissive film 1 of the utility model is plastic foil or glass, thereby can in the greenhouse body, have soil species to plant or hydroponics.Preferably, in the greenhouse body, carry out hydroponics, thereby the space that makes the soil of greenhouse body select is bigger, helps making full use of existing soil.The utility model also is provided with ceiling 6 at the top of frame 5; Ceiling 6 can be fly net, net canopy greenhouse, greenhouse net canopy or plastic tunnel; Thereby can carry out on frame 5 that soil species is planted or hydroponics, make the cultivated area of green house expand as about two times to three times of existing sun glasshouse.Among the embodiment of the utility model; The area of greenhouse body is 600 square metres, and second confined space also is 600 square metres, and the area of first confined space and frame respectively is 360 square metres; In two confined spaces, plant mushroom; With respect to sun glasshouse, this embodiment utilizes first confined space to increase by 720 square metres usable floor area, has increased 1.2 times; Utilize second confined space to increase 1 times usable floor area, this embodiment has increased 2.2 times usable floor area altogether with respect to prior art.
The greenhouse of the utility model can be an attached-greenhouse; Promptly arrange and form by several greenhouse bodies; Each greenhouse body comprises east, west, north three face walls and light-transmissive film 1; Wall, western wall and north wall lay respectively at east, west and the north side of greenhouse body in the east, and this light-transmissive film covers on three face walls, and one side of wall 2 is provided with first confined space 4 on booth body north.Space D between the north wall of greenhouse body and adjacent greenhouse body is 1.5~1.8 times of light-transmissive film terrain clearance H, more preferably is 1.7 times.
Can find out by above embodiment; The utility model embodiment is through being respectively equipped with confined space in green house underground and cloudy canopy; In this confined space, carry out the plantation of ombrophyte or mushroom, thereby enlarged usable floor area, and can not stop the sunlight of adjacent green house.And; This embodiment is provided with through be positioned on the ground part at this confined space that soil species is planted or the frame of hydroponics; Solve the cloudy canopy part in greenhouse because of the less problem that can't plant and utilize of illumination, increased 1~3 times of equal land use area.
The above only is the preferred implementation of the utility model; Should be understood that; For those skilled in the art; Under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model know-why, can also make some improvement and replacement, these improvement and replacement also should be regarded as the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. the three-dimensional greenhouse of a layering; It is characterized in that; Comprise one or more greenhouses body, said greenhouse body comprises east, west, north three face walls and light-transmissive film, and said light-transmissive film covers on three face walls; The north side of body north wall is provided with first confined space in the greenhouse; Be positioned at first confined space and be provided with frame on the ground, on said frame, have soil species to plant or hydroponics, the underground between three face walls of greenhouse body is provided with one or more second confined spaces that are used to plant ombrophyte or mushroom.
2. greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the top of said frame is provided with fly net, net canopy greenhouse, greenhouse net canopy or plastic tunnel.
3. greenhouse as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the distance B between the north wall of said greenhouse body and adjacent greenhouse body is 1.5~1.8 times of light-transmissive film terrain clearance H.
4. greenhouse as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, the length L of said frame satisfies following relation: L≤Dh/H with height h.
5. like any one described greenhouse among the claim 1-4, it is characterized in that said first confined space is positioned at underground, in said first confined space, carry out the mushroom plantation.
6. like any one described greenhouse among the claim 1-4, it is characterized in that the bottom surface of said first confined space and the distance of end face are greater than 2 meters.
7. like any one described greenhouse among the claim 1-4, it is characterized in that said light-transmissive film is plastic foil or glass.
8. like any one described greenhouse among the claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, carry out hydroponics in the said greenhouse body.
CN201220061665XU 2012-02-22 2012-02-22 Layered three-dimensional greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN202503962U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201220061665XU CN202503962U (en) 2012-02-22 2012-02-22 Layered three-dimensional greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201220061665XU CN202503962U (en) 2012-02-22 2012-02-22 Layered three-dimensional greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202503962U true CN202503962U (en) 2012-10-31

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102523987A (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-07-04 王京生 Layered stereoscopic greenhouse
CN104521624A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 陈伟群 Multifunctional solar greenhouse

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102523987A (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-07-04 王京生 Layered stereoscopic greenhouse
CN104521624A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 陈伟群 Multifunctional solar greenhouse

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121031

Termination date: 20180222