CN202247911U - Slope support structure used for ecological management of slope - Google Patents

Slope support structure used for ecological management of slope Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202247911U
CN202247911U CN2011203228149U CN201120322814U CN202247911U CN 202247911 U CN202247911 U CN 202247911U CN 2011203228149 U CN2011203228149 U CN 2011203228149U CN 201120322814 U CN201120322814 U CN 201120322814U CN 202247911 U CN202247911 U CN 202247911U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
planting groove
backfill layer
retaining
barricade
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011203228149U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周述明
谢光武
操昌碧
李亚农
蒋红
朱永刚
邹兵华
吴文佑
白霞
Original Assignee
中国水电顾问集团成都勘测设计研究院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国水电顾问集团成都勘测设计研究院 filed Critical 中国水电顾问集团成都勘测设计研究院
Priority to CN2011203228149U priority Critical patent/CN202247911U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202247911U publication Critical patent/CN202247911U/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a slope support structure and provides the slope support structure used for the ecological management of a slope. The slope support structure used for the ecological management of the slope is step-like in a whole. Slope support and packways are arranged from the top to the bottom of the slope alternately. An external retaining wall and an internal retaining wall are arranged from outside to inside on each packway. A plant groove is arranged between the external retaining wall and the internal retaining wall. A rainwater ditch is formed between each slope support and the internal retaining wall on each packway. A drainage structure used for discharging rainwater in the rainwater ditch is arranged in each rainwater ditch. The packways can be afforested adequately in a short time by planting vines and shrubs that climb up and droop down in the plant grooves. The packways and the whole slope can be completely afforested in a long time by planting the vines and the shrubs that climb up and droop down, so that traces of construction can be shielded, and the effect of recovering and rebuilding the ecological environment of the slope can be achieved. The slope support structure for the ecological management of the slope is not affected by tangent of the slope angle and the slope surface structure and has the advantages of simple construction, strong operability, low cost, small investment, rapid effect, wide application range and the like. The slope support structure for the ecological management of the slope is particularly suitable for support and ecological recovery of high-steep slopes.

Description

The slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope
Technical field
The utility model relates to the slope retaining structure of field slope project protection such as being used for highway, railway, mine, Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering, especially a kind of slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope.
Background technology
In fields such as highway, railway, mine, Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineerings,, need to build the slope retaining structure usually in order to guarantee the stable of side slope.The slope retaining structural entity is step-like, is arranged alternately slope retaining and packway by the top, slope to the end, slope, and the gradient is steep, the discrepancy in elevation is big; Wherein, packway is every passage of reserving at a distance from about 10~20m elevation, and width is about 2~3m, and its effect comprises enhanced stability, safety and as construction period constructor and mini-plant transport channel.
The slope retaining structure is generally stone masonry structure or concrete structure, has a large amount of engineering vestiges, forms a large amount of negative views.Traditional ecological management, recovery take to broadcast sowing the grass planting mode usually, owing to lack plant growth medium, are difficult to take effect; But adopt the mode of sowing grass seeds by duster, the unit area investment is high, and the later stage afforestation effect is difficult to occur early ageing easily lastingly.
The utility model content
The utility model technical problem to be solved provide a kind of can conveniently realize ecological recovery be used for ecological treatment of slope slope retaining structure.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopted: the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope; It is step-like that integral body is; Be arranged alternately slope retaining and packway by the top, slope to the end, slope, barricade, interior barricade outside on said packway, being provided with from outside to inside form planting groove between outer barricade, the interior barricade; Form the rain rill between packway top slope retaining, the interior barricade, be provided with the discharge structure that is used to discharge rainwater in the rain rill.
Further, be provided with the rattan teapoy that is used to guide the plant climbing above planting groove and the packway between the slope retaining.
Further, bottom, said rain rill is higher than the planting groove bottom, the discharge structure of said rain rill comprise be embedded in in the barricade and be communicated with rain rill and planting groove inlet pipeline, to be embedded in outer barricade interior and be communicated with the spilling water pipeline of planting groove and outside.
Further, bottom, said rain rill is provided with the water storage backfill layer; Said inlet pipeline and rain rill are communicated with the corresponding water storage backfill layer of the mouth of pipe of an end.
Further, said water storage backfill layer is made up of the sand gravel backfill.
Further, be followed successively by draining backfill layer, planting soil backfill layer, infiltration backfill layer in the said planting groove from the bottom to top; Said inlet pipeline and planting groove are communicated with the corresponding planting soil backfill layer of the mouth of pipe of an end; Said spilling water pipeline and planting groove are communicated with the corresponding draining backfill layer of the mouth of pipe of an end.
Further, said draining backfill layer, infiltration backfill layer constitute by the sand gravel backfill.
Further, the discharge structure of said rain rill comprises and is embedded in the outer barricade and is communicated with planting groove and outside discharge pipe line, and said discharge pipe line and planting groove are communicated with the corresponding planting soil backfill layer of the mouth of pipe of an end.
Further, said discharge pipe line, the spilling water pipeline mouth of pipe place that is communicated with an end with planting groove is provided with filter screen.
Further, said filter screen adopts geotextiles.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: through backfill planting soil in planting groove, climb on planting, sagging liana shrub, the packway of slope retaining structure is fully afforested; For a long time can through climb on the liana shrub, sagging realization packway and whole domatic comprehensive greening; Block the engineering vestige; Reduce negative vision landscape impact; Reach the effectiveness of recovering and rebuilding the slope ecological environment, and have and do not receive the slope, simple, workable, the characteristics such as cost is low, investment is little, instant effect, application are extensive of constructing than, domatic effect on structure.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model slope retaining structure.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is further specified.
As shown in Figure 1; The slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope of the utility model, it is step-like that integral body is, and extremely the end, slope, be arranged alternately slope retaining and packway 3 by the top, slope; Barricade 4, interior barricade 5 outside on said packway 3, being provided with from outside to inside; Form planting groove 6 between outer barricade 4, the interior barricade 5, form rain rill 7 between packway top slope retaining 1, the interior barricade 5, be provided with the discharge structure that is used to discharge rainwater in the rain rill 7.Through backfill planting soil in planting groove 6, climb on planting, sagging liana shrub, the packway 3 of slope retaining structure is fully afforested; For a long time can through climb on the liana shrub, comprehensive greening of sagging realization packway 3 and packway top slope retaining 1, packway below slope retaining 2; Block the engineering vestige; Reduce negative vision landscape impact; Reach the effectiveness of recovering and rebuilding the slope ecological environment, and have and do not receive the slope, simple, workable, the characteristics such as cost is low, investment is little, instant effect, application are extensive of constructing than, domatic effect on structure.For ease the liana shrub on climb, sagging, be provided with the rattan teapoy 8 that is used to guide the plant climbing above planting groove 6 and the packway between the slope retaining 1.Rattan teapoy 8 can adopt steel wire, waddy, bamboo pole etc., in instance as shown in the figure, is made up of waddy.
The discharge structure of rain rill 7 can adopt along side slope and offer and pass the irrigation canals and ditches of planting groove 6 or the discharge pipe line that is provided with to the end, slope by slope top constitutes.But in order when guaranteeing rain rill 7 drainings, to irrigate through the plant that rainwater is planted in to planting groove 6; 7 bottoms, said rain rill are higher than planting groove 6 bottoms, the discharge structure of said rain rill 7 comprise be embedded in in the barricade 5 and be communicated with rain rill 7 and planting groove 6 inlet pipeline 10, be embedded in the outer barricade 4 and be communicated with the spilling water pipeline 14 of planting groove 6 and outside.
Continue to irrigate and limit the flow that rain rill 7 interior rainwater get into planting groove 6 in order to form through the rainwater in the rain rill 7,7 bottoms, said rain rill are provided with water storage backfill layer 9; Said inlet pipeline 10 and rain rill 7 is communicated with the corresponding water storage backfill layer 9 of the mouth of pipe of an end.Water storage backfill layer 9 utilizes the flow of rainwater entering planting groove 6 in the restriction rain rill 7, space in it to form lasting the irrigation; More after a little while, utilize the space in the water storage backfill layer 9 to hold back and storing rain water in the water yield, reduce evaporation.In instance as shown in the figure, said water storage backfill layer 9 is made up of the sand gravel backfill.
Further, be followed successively by draining backfill layer 11, planting soil backfill layer 12, infiltration backfill layer 13 in the said planting groove 6 from the bottom to top; Said inlet pipeline 10 and planting groove 6 is communicated with the corresponding planting soil backfill layer 12 of the mouth of pipe of an end; Said spilling water pipeline 14 and planting groove 6 is communicated with the corresponding draining backfill layer 11 of the mouth of pipe of an end.The effect of backfill layer 13 of wherein seeping water is to accelerate rain penetration, and control and reduce water evaporates and run off prevents that in initial planting airborne dust, rain drop erosion from forming soil erosion; The effect of planting soil backfill layer 12 is to form the plant growing growth substrate; After 12 water saturations of planting soil backfill layer, excessive moisture is discharged through draining backfill layer 11, spilling water pipeline 14, thereby prevents that ponding unnecessary in the planting groove 6 from causing mashed root to flooding of root system of plant, and the backfill layer of draining simultaneously 11 plays certain water retention.Further; The discharge structure of said rain rill 7 comprises the discharge pipe line 15 that is embedded in the outer barricade 4 and is communicated with planting groove 6 and outside; Said discharge pipe line 15 is communicated with the corresponding planting soil backfill layer 12 of the mouth of pipe of an end with planting groove 6, thereby when rainfall is big, quickens draining.In instance as shown in the figure, said draining backfill layer 11, infiltration backfill layer 13 constitute by the sand gravel backfill.In addition, above-mentioned draining backfill layer 11, infiltration backfill layer 13, water storage backfill layer 9 also can adopt the bigger material in space such as rubble to fill to constitute.
Planting soils in planting groove 6 run off, and blocking pipeline, and said discharge pipe line 15, spilling water pipeline 14 are communicated with an end with planting groove 6 mouth of pipe place is provided with filter screen.In instance as shown in the figure, said filter screen adopts geotextiles.
Slope retaining structure as shown in the figure is used for the less area of amount of precipitation, so the discharge structure of rain rill 7 only comprises inlet pipeline 10, spilling water pipeline 14 and discharge pipe line 15.When the slope retaining structure of the utility model is used for bigger regional of amount of precipitation; Can on the basis of above-mentioned inlet pipeline 10, spilling water pipeline 14 and discharge pipe line 15, increase the discharge pipe line that is provided with to the end, slope by the top, slope, and the storage that guarantees rain rill 7 interior rainwater that is provided with through this discharge pipe line and rain rill 7 link positions.
In instance as shown in the figure, interior barricade 5 adopts stone masonry structure, outer barricade 4 to adopt concrete structure, and outer barricade 4 increases joint bar at a certain distance and reinforces; Along planting groove 6 bearing of trends, be provided with the distortion shrinkage joint on interior barricade 5, the outer barricade 4.

Claims (10)

1. the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope; It is step-like that integral body is; Be arranged alternately slope retaining and packway (3) by the top, slope to the end, slope, it is characterized in that: barricade (4), interior barricade (5) outside on said packway (3), being provided with from outside to inside form planting groove (6) between outer barricade (4), the interior barricade (5); Form formation rain rill (7) between packway top slope retaining (1), the interior barricade (5), be provided with the discharge structure that is used to discharge the interior rainwater in rain rill (7).
2. the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: between planting groove (6) and packway top slope retaining (1), be provided with the rattan teapoy (8) that is used to guide the plant climbing.
3. the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: said rain rill (7) bottom is higher than planting groove (6) bottom, and the discharge structure of said rain rill (7) comprises the inlet pipeline (10) that is embedded in the interior barricade (5) and is communicated with rain rill (7) and planting groove (6), it is interior and be communicated with the spilling water pipeline (14) of planting groove (6) and outside to be embedded in outer barricade (4).
4. the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: said rain rill (7) bottom is provided with water storage backfill layer (9); Said inlet pipeline (10) and rain rill (7) are communicated with the corresponding water storage backfill layer of the mouth of pipe (9) of an end.
5. the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: said water storage backfill layer (9) is made up of the sand gravel backfill.
6. like claim 3, the 4 or 5 described slope retaining structures that are used for ecological treatment of slope, it is characterized in that: be followed successively by draining backfill layer (11), planting soil backfill layer (12), infiltration backfill layer (13) in the said planting groove (6) from the bottom to top; Said inlet pipeline (10) and planting groove (6) are communicated with the corresponding planting soil backfill layer of the mouth of pipe (12) of an end; Said spilling water pipeline (14) and planting groove (6) are communicated with the corresponding draining backfill layer of the mouth of pipe (11) of an end.
7. the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that: said draining backfill layer (11), infiltration backfill layer (13) constitute by the sand gravel backfill.
8. the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope as claimed in claim 6; It is characterized in that: the discharge structure of said rain rill (7) comprises and is embedded in the outer barricade (4) and is communicated with planting groove (6) and outside discharge pipe line (15), the corresponding planting soil backfill layer of the mouth of pipe (12) of said discharge pipe line (15) and planting groove (6) connection one end.
9. the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that: said discharge pipe line (15), spilling water pipeline (14) are provided with filter screen with the mouth of pipe place that planting groove (6) is communicated with an end.
10. the slope retaining structure that is used for ecological treatment of slope as claimed in claim 9 is characterized in that: said filter screen adopts geotextiles.
CN2011203228149U 2011-08-31 2011-08-31 Slope support structure used for ecological management of slope CN202247911U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203228149U CN202247911U (en) 2011-08-31 2011-08-31 Slope support structure used for ecological management of slope

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203228149U CN202247911U (en) 2011-08-31 2011-08-31 Slope support structure used for ecological management of slope

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202247911U true CN202247911U (en) 2012-05-30

Family

ID=46109173

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011203228149U CN202247911U (en) 2011-08-31 2011-08-31 Slope support structure used for ecological management of slope

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202247911U (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103485346A (en) * 2013-09-06 2014-01-01 成都建工工程总承包有限责任公司 Foundation pit riding track
CN103643612A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-03-19 深圳市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Shallow grass furrow and manufacturing method of shallow grass furrow
CN103850257A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-11 中国水电顾问集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Digging slope body structure used for rock side slope and digging construction method of digging slope body structure
CN103981838A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-08-13 王尧尧 Slope protection construction method
CN105104002A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-02 中机中联工程有限公司 Concrete retaining wall drainage hole greening structure and method
CN108157077A (en) * 2015-03-11 2018-06-15 泉州泉港润美环保科技有限公司 A kind of modification method in hillside forest land
CN109042103A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-21 广东百林园林股份有限公司 A kind of gardens Slope greening method
CN110574616A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-17 贵州省生物研究所 greening method for vertically greening riverway bank cliff and ecological floating bed thereof

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103485346A (en) * 2013-09-06 2014-01-01 成都建工工程总承包有限责任公司 Foundation pit riding track
CN103485346B (en) * 2013-09-06 2016-04-20 成都建工工程总承包有限责任公司 Foundation ditch packway
CN103643612B (en) * 2013-12-27 2016-12-07 深圳市建筑科学研究院股份有限公司 Shallow grass ditch and the manufacture method of shallow grass ditch
CN103643612A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-03-19 深圳市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Shallow grass furrow and manufacturing method of shallow grass furrow
CN103850257B (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-12-30 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 For excavation slope body structure and the excavation construction method thereof of rock side slope
CN103850257A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-11 中国水电顾问集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Digging slope body structure used for rock side slope and digging construction method of digging slope body structure
CN103981838A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-08-13 王尧尧 Slope protection construction method
CN103981838B (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-10-07 广州怡境景观设计有限公司 A kind of bank protection construction method
CN108157077A (en) * 2015-03-11 2018-06-15 泉州泉港润美环保科技有限公司 A kind of modification method in hillside forest land
CN105104002A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-02 中机中联工程有限公司 Concrete retaining wall drainage hole greening structure and method
CN109042103A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-21 广东百林园林股份有限公司 A kind of gardens Slope greening method
CN110574616A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-17 贵州省生物研究所 greening method for vertically greening riverway bank cliff and ecological floating bed thereof

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204670016U (en) A kind of saline land greening arbor pattern of farming
CN101946573B (en) Method for ameliorating saline and alkaline land
CN102444134B (en) Slope protecting method based on slope with soil layer as upper part and rock layer as lower part
CN101743882B (en) Drip irrigation greening forestation method for saline-alkali land in coastal areas
CN106900342B (en) Integrated semi-lithologic high slope vegetation reconstruction protection method
CN101818499B (en) Revegetation system on steep rocky slopes and implementing method thereof
CN101761086B (en) Three-dimensional net greening technique for roadbed side slope
CN104255280A (en) High and steep rocky slope vegetation planting method
CN204112347U (en) Rock side slope self filling type grass planting device
CN203290006U (en) Big tree salt and alkali prevention planting structure
CN105230323B (en) A kind of growth-promoting binary stereoscopic configurations pattern against corrosion suitable for feldspathic sandstone small watershed
CN204238229U (en) Fiber crops coconut palm plants raw greening blanket
CN100473271C (en) System engineering method for modifying alkaline land by use of pipe drainage method
CN104131572A (en) Method for governing red soil strongly-eroded slope
CN101451355B (en) Water retention method of back fill course
CN103947320A (en) Tree planting method and tree planting structure in coastal saline and alkaline area
CN101091448B (en) Irrigation and drainage pipes
CN102687633B (en) Chinese yam cultivation method
CN103988758A (en) Method for improving afforestation survival rate by water collecting, water retention and water replenishing
CN102696300B (en) Method for water seepage, salt discharge and afforestation of low-humidity saline and alkaline beach and application of method
CN204860389U (en) Saline and alkaline land arbor pattern of farming
CN102835203A (en) Stony desertization management method utilizing stony desertized area geographical characteristics
CN104756725B (en) Method for planting river bank water-land ecotone vegetation
CN103416278A (en) Method for culturing vegetation in Karst landform region
CN104947693B (en) A kind of method that utilization plant coiled material carries out high gradient slope revegetation

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: The North Qingyang District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, No. 610072

Patentee after: Chengdu Hydroelectric Investigation & Design Institute of SPC

Address before: The North Qingyang District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, No. 610072

Patentee before: Chengdu Hydroelectric Investigation & Design Institute of China Hydropower Consu

Address after: The North Qingyang District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, No. 610072

Patentee after: Chengdu Hydroelectric Investigation & Design Institute of SPC

Address before: The North Qingyang District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, No. 610072

Patentee before: Chengdu Hydroelectric Investigation & Design Institute of China Hydropower Consu

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: CHINA POWER GROUP CHENGDU INVESTIGATION DESIGN + R

Free format text: FORMER NAME: CHENGDU HYDROELECTRIC INVESTIGATION + DESIGN INSTITUTE OF SPC

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: The North Qingyang District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, No. 610072

Patentee after: Co., Ltd of Chengdu survey and design academy of electricity Jian group of China

Address before: The North Qingyang District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, No. 610072

Patentee before: Chengdu Hydroelectric Investigation & Design Institute of SPC

Address after: The North Qingyang District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, No. 610072

Patentee after: Co., Ltd of Chengdu survey and design academy of electricity Jian group of China

Address before: The North Qingyang District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, No. 610072

Patentee before: Chengdu Hydroelectric Investigation & Design Institute of SPC

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20210224

Address after: Room 21, 13th floor, Changxing international building, Beijing Avenue, Liuwu New District, Lhasa City, Tibet Autonomous Region 850012

Patentee after: Tibet electric power Jiancheng Exploration Institute Engineering Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No.1 Huanhua North Road, Qingyang District, Chengdu, Sichuan 610072

Patentee before: China Power Construction Group Chengdu Survey and Design Research Institute Co.,Ltd.