CN210580198U - Sloping field water collection and soil conservation structure - Google Patents

Sloping field water collection and soil conservation structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210580198U
CN210580198U CN201921527627.7U CN201921527627U CN210580198U CN 210580198 U CN210580198 U CN 210580198U CN 201921527627 U CN201921527627 U CN 201921527627U CN 210580198 U CN210580198 U CN 210580198U
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soil
slope
ridge
sloping
enclosing
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CN201921527627.7U
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王淮亮
郭敬
刘凤婵
刘希庆
李江华
皮昌道
张晨
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王淮亮
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sloping field water-collecting soil-preserving structure, including the former domatic, arrange in under the former domatic and with the former domatic on the slope dig the soil district, arrange in on the former domatic and with the former domatic fill the soil district of connecting under the slope, dig the soil district with fill the soil district and connect and the volume equals, be equipped with semicircular or curved filling groove on the former domatic, be equipped with in the filling groove with fill the groove complex and enclose the ridge, the opening of enclosing the ridge is towards on the slope of former domatic, it arranges in to enclose the ridge fill the soil district outer slope, the upper end of enclosing the ridge is higher than fill the soil district, it plants the nursery stock in the soil-filling district, the lower extreme of nursery stock deepens in the former domatic; the utility model relates to a hillside fields collection protects native structure can reduce hillside fields afforestation soil preparation engineering volume, reduce the degree of difficulty, and domatic disturbance is few, improves hillside fields afforestation adaptability and nursery stock survival rate, all has obvious positive action to keeping soil and water.

Description

Sloping field water collection and soil conservation structure
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a hillside fields catchment and protect native technical field, in particular to hillside fields catchment and protect native structure.
Background
The green water green mountain is the gold mountain silver mountain, the homeland greening and ecological management work is more and more emphasized at present, the afforestation engineering is an important ecological restoration and management content, the application is wide, and for most hilly lands, the afforestation and the water and soil conservation are important problems to be solved.
At present, during afforestation on sloping fields, the northern area needs to consider combining runoff cutting and drainage engineering, collect, store and utilize natural rainfall, improve the survival rate of nursery stocks, and select water and soil conservation measures such as scale pits or tree trays, horizontal steps, horizontal ridges, plant hedges and the like according to different terrain conditions, tree species, tree ages and the like.
As shown in figure 1, in order to improve the survival rate, the work amount is large when the previous afforestation work is performed with soil preparation (land leveling, tree pit digging, cofferdam making and ridge making); and the ridge material is limited, generally, soil is mostly used as earth ridge, or stone is used as masonry on site, or cement blocks, bricks, woven bags filled with soil, wood, bamboo fence and the like are used for building ridge, the material transportation cost is high, time and labor are wasted, and the cost is high. Slope afforestation urgently needs some simple water collecting, soil preserving, land preparation and ridge enclosing equipment (method) with strong adaptability.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a hillside fields collection water protects native structure, the purpose reduces hillside fields afforestation soil preparation engineering volume, reduces the degree of difficulty, reduces domatic disturbance, improves hillside fields afforestation adaptability and nursery stock survival rate to reach and keep the soil and water purpose.
The utility model is realized in such a way that the sloping field water-collecting soil-retaining structure comprises an original slope surface, an excavation region which is arranged below the original slope surface and is connected with the original slope surface, and a soil-filling region which is arranged on the original slope surface and is connected with the original slope surface, wherein the excavation region is connected with the soil-filling region and has equal volume,
a semicircular or arc-shaped filling groove is arranged on the original slope surface, a surrounding ridge matched with the filling groove is arranged in the filling groove, the opening of the surrounding ridge faces the slope of the original slope surface,
the enclosing ridge is arranged on the outer slope of the soil filling area, the upper end of the enclosing ridge is higher than the soil filling area, nursery stocks are planted in the soil filling area, and the lower ends of the nursery stocks go deep into the original slope.
The curved or shaped thin plastic plate is used for replacing heavy materials such as stones, cement blocks, bricks and the like, an arc-shaped enclosing ridge is built, the operation is light, the transportation is easy, the water collection, water retention and soil conservation are good, the operation is simple and convenient, the excavated and filled earthwork is less, the afforestation cost is reduced, and the survival rate is improved; the land preparation method is optimized, the earth volume is reduced, and disturbance damage is reduced.
The utility model discloses a further technical scheme is: the enclosing ridge comprises a rectangular plate body and a connecting plate body which is arranged at the lower end of the rectangular plate body and is of an integral structure with the rectangular plate body, wherein the connecting plate body is arc-shaped or triangular.
The utility model discloses a further technical scheme is: in the northern soil and rocky mountainous area, the length of the surrounding ridge is 100-200cm, and the width of the surrounding ridge is 50-80 cm.
The utility model discloses a further technical scheme is: the lower end of the enclosing ridge is fixed in the original slope surface by 20-30 cm.
The utility model discloses a further technical scheme is: and project pattern icons are printed or sprayed in the area of the upper end of the enclosing ridge higher than the original slope surface.
The project mark is easy to spray, and the project acceptance is convenient.
The utility model discloses a further technical scheme is: the enclosing ridge is made of light materials which are flexible and bendable. Such as elastically bendable plastic panels, prefabricated panels or prefabricated blocks.
The utility model discloses a further technical scheme is: the enclosing ridge is made of degradable materials.
The utility model discloses a further technical scheme is: the enclosing ridges are made of recyclable materials.
According to the needs, the baffle material can be degraded or can be recycled, and can be repeatedly used.
The utility model has the advantages that:
(1) the utility model aims to reduce the quantity of the soil preparation engineering for the afforestation of the sloping field, reduce the difficulty, reduce the disturbance of the slope surface, improve the adaptability of the afforestation of the sloping field and the survival rate of the nursery stock and achieve the purpose of keeping water and soil;
(2) the light materials which can be bent or shaped are used for replacing heavy materials such as stones, cement blocks, bricks and the like, arc-shaped enclosing ridges are built, and the device is light and easy to transport, has good water collection, water retention and soil retention properties, is simple and convenient to operate, has few earth excavation and filling, reduces the cost of forestation and improves the survival rate;
(3) by collecting the upstream slope runoff formed by rainfall, the water content of the soil near the root system of the nursery stock is improved, and the lower part of the upstream slope runoff is connected with the soil of the original slope into a whole, so that the root cutting of the nursery stock is not influenced, and the aim of improving the survival rate of the nursery stock is fulfilled; the enclosing ridge can also play a role in water and soil conservation;
(4) the opening of the enclosure faces the slope, so that upstream catchment is collected, and soil erosion is prevented;
(5) after the enclosing ridge is made, the soil body in the enclosing ridge is still connected with the original slope surface below into a whole, the growth of plant roots is not influenced, and the utility model is very suitable for the forestation engineering of steep sloping fields;
(6) the utility model can select degradable materials or recyclable materials according to the needs;
(7) different project pattern icons can be printed or sprayed according to project requirements, project marks are easy to spray, and project acceptance is convenient.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a water-collecting and soil-retaining structure of a sloping field in the prior art;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a water-collecting and soil-retaining structure for sloping fields;
FIG. 3 is a top view of a water-collecting and soil-retaining structure for sloping fields;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an expanded structure of a first ridge according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of an expanded structure of a second middle ridge provided by the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1. the soil-digging and soil-filling combined slope comprises an original slope surface, 2 soil-digging areas, 3 soil-filling areas, 4 filling grooves, 5 enclosing ridges, 6 seedlings, 51 rectangular plate bodies and 52 connecting plate bodies.
Detailed Description
Exemplary embodiments of the invention are described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which various details of embodiments of the invention are included to assist understanding, and which are to be considered exemplary only. Accordingly, those of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that various changes and modifications of the embodiments described herein can be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. Also, descriptions of well-known functions and constructions are omitted in the following description for clarity and conciseness.
The first embodiment is as follows:
FIGS. 2 to 4 show a sloping field water and soil collecting and retaining structure, which comprises an original slope surface 1, an excavation region 2 disposed below the original slope surface 1 and connected with the original slope surface 1 on a slope, a filling region 3 disposed above the original slope surface 1 and connected with the original slope surface 1 on a slope, wherein the excavation region 2 is connected with the filling region 3 and has the same volume,
a semicircular or arc-shaped filling groove 4 is arranged on the original slope surface 1, a surrounding ridge 5 matched with the filling groove 4 is arranged in the filling groove 4, the opening of the surrounding ridge 5 faces the slope of the original slope surface 1,
the enclosing ridge 5 is arranged on the outer slope of the soil filling area 3, the upper end of the enclosing ridge 5 is higher than the soil filling area 3, nursery stocks 6 are planted in the soil filling area 3, and the lower ends of the nursery stocks 6 penetrate into the original slope surface 1.
The enclosing ridge 5 comprises a rectangular plate body 51 and a connecting plate body 52 which is arranged at the lower end of the rectangular plate body 51 and is of an integral structure with the rectangular plate body 51, wherein the connecting plate body 52 is arc-shaped.
In the northern soil and rocky mountainous area, the length of the enclosure 5 is 100-200cm, and the width is 50-80 cm.
The lower end of the enclosing ridge 5 is fixed in the original slope surface 1 by 20-30 cm.
And project pattern icons are printed or sprayed in the area of the upper end of the enclosing ridge 5 higher than the original slope surface 1.
The enclosing ridges 5 are made of light materials which are elastically bendable.
The enclosing ridges 5 are made of degradable materials.
Example two:
FIG. 2, FIG. 3 and FIG. 5 show a water and soil collecting and retaining structure for sloping fields, which comprises an original slope surface 1, an excavation region 2 disposed below the original slope surface 1 and connected with the original slope surface 1 on the slope, a soil filling region 3 disposed above the original slope surface 1 and connected with the original slope surface 1 on the slope, wherein the excavation region 2 is connected with the soil filling region 3 and has the same volume,
a semicircular or arc-shaped filling groove 4 is arranged on the original slope surface 1, a surrounding ridge 5 matched with the filling groove 4 is arranged in the filling groove 4, the opening of the surrounding ridge 5 faces the slope of the original slope surface 1,
the enclosing ridge 5 is arranged on the outer slope of the soil filling area 3, the upper end of the enclosing ridge 5 is higher than the soil filling area 3, nursery stocks 6 are planted in the soil filling area 3, and the lower ends of the nursery stocks 6 penetrate into the original slope surface 1.
The enclosing ridge 5 comprises a rectangular plate body 51 and a connecting plate body 52 which is arranged at the lower end of the rectangular plate body 51 and is of an integral structure with the rectangular plate body 51, wherein the connecting plate body 52 is triangular.
In the northern soil and rocky mountainous area, the length of the enclosure 5 is 100-200cm, and the width is 50-80 cm.
The lower end of the enclosing ridge 5 is fixed in the original slope surface 1 by 20-30 cm.
And project pattern icons are printed or sprayed in the area of the upper end of the enclosing ridge 5 higher than the original slope surface 1.
The enclosing ridges 5 are made of light materials which are elastically bendable.
The enclosing ridges 5 are made of recyclable materials.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation: when soil preparation is carried out, firstly, the soil preparation position of a tree pit is determined, then a shovel is used for shoveling a semicircular or arc-shaped filling groove 4 on the original slope surface 1 below, a baffle of a plastic enclosing ridge 5 is inserted, and a seam is stepped to fix the enclosing ridge 5; then, the surface soil above the soil is dug and filled into the enclosing ridge 5 to form a small half flowerpot-shaped platform, a soil filling area 3 is formed, then the seedlings 6 are planted in the soil filling area, the water content of the soil near the root systems of the seedlings is improved by collecting the upstream slope runoff formed by rainfall, the soil below the soil is connected with the soil on the original slope 1 into a whole, the root binding of the seedlings is not influenced, and the purpose of improving the survival rate of the seedlings is achieved; the plastic enclosing ridge 5 can also play a role in water and soil conservation.
The size of the planting pit and the size of the plastic baffle are determined according to the afforestation tree species, the slope soil thickness and the rainfall condition, for example, for general water and soil conservation tree species in northern soil, stone and mountain areas, the plastic enclosing ridge 5 is 200cm long and 50-80cm wide, the lower side arc-shaped plate body 52 is convenient to adapt to the angle of the soil layer of the slope after being bent, the enclosing ridge 5 is bent into a semicircular shape or an arc shape when in use, the enclosing ridge 5 is arranged on the outer slope of the soil filling area 3, and the lower part is buried 20-30cm deep and fixed. The opening of the enclosure 5 faces the slope, so that upstream catchment is collected, and soil erosion is prevented.
After the enclosing ridge 5 is made, the soil body in the enclosing ridge 5 is still connected with the original slope surface 1 below into a whole, the growth of plant root systems is not influenced, and the method is very suitable for the forestation engineering of steep slope lands.
The plastic board of the enclosing ridge 5 can be made of degradable materials or recyclable materials according to the needs, and different project pattern icons can be printed or sprayed according to the project needs.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the present invention, as any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principles of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a hillside fields collection water protects native structure which characterized in that: the sloping field water-collecting soil-preserving structure comprises an original sloping surface (1), a soil-digging area (2) which is arranged below the original sloping surface (1) and is connected with the slope of the original sloping surface (1), and a soil-filling area (3) which is arranged on the original sloping surface (1) and is connected with the slope of the original sloping surface (1), wherein the soil-digging area (2) is connected with the soil-filling area (3) and has the same volume,
a semicircular or arc-shaped filling groove (4) is arranged on the original slope surface (1), a ridge (5) matched with the filling groove (4) is arranged in the filling groove (4), the opening of the ridge (5) faces the slope of the original slope surface (1),
the enclosing ridge (5) is arranged on the outer slope of the soil filling area (3), the upper end of the enclosing ridge (5) is higher than the soil filling area (3), nursery stocks (6) are planted in the soil filling area (3), and the lower ends of the nursery stocks (6) penetrate into the original slope surface (1).
2. The sloping field water and soil collecting and retaining structure of claim 1, wherein: the enclosing ridge (5) comprises a rectangular plate body (51) and a connecting plate body (52) which is arranged at the lower end of the rectangular plate body (51) and integrated with the rectangular plate body (51), wherein the connecting plate body (52) is arc-shaped or triangular.
3. The sloping field water and soil collecting and retaining structure of claim 2, wherein: in the northern soil and rocky mountainous area, the length of the surrounding ridge (5) is 100-200cm, and the width is 50-80 cm.
4. The sloping field water and soil collecting and retaining structure of claim 2, wherein: the lower end of the enclosing ridge (5) is fixed in the original slope surface (1) by 20-30 cm.
5. The sloping field water and soil collecting and retaining structure of claim 1, wherein: and project pattern icons are printed or sprayed in the area, higher than the original slope surface (1), of the upper end of the enclosing ridge (5).
6. The sloping field water and soil collecting and retaining structure of claim 1, wherein: the enclosing ridges (5) are made of light materials which are elastically bendable.
7. The sloping field water and soil collecting and retaining structure of claim 6, wherein: the enclosing ridges (5) are made of degradable materials.
8. The sloping field water and soil collecting and retaining structure of claim 6, wherein: the enclosing ridges (5) are made of recyclable materials.
CN201921527627.7U 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Sloping field water collection and soil conservation structure Active CN210580198U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921527627.7U CN210580198U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Sloping field water collection and soil conservation structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921527627.7U CN210580198U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Sloping field water collection and soil conservation structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210580198U true CN210580198U (en) 2020-05-22

Family

ID=70702067

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921527627.7U Active CN210580198U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Sloping field water collection and soil conservation structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210580198U (en)

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