CN203015513U - Commercial crop planting pit of seasonal-drought hilly land - Google Patents

Commercial crop planting pit of seasonal-drought hilly land Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203015513U
CN203015513U CN2012207355843U CN201220735584U CN203015513U CN 203015513 U CN203015513 U CN 203015513U CN 2012207355843 U CN2012207355843 U CN 2012207355843U CN 201220735584 U CN201220735584 U CN 201220735584U CN 203015513 U CN203015513 U CN 203015513U
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China
Prior art keywords
hole
pit
stone weir
soil
drought
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012207355843U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李迪华
王鑫
宋丽清
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Beijing Turen Landscape and Architecture Planning and Design Institute
BEIJING TURENSCAPE URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN CO., LTD.
Peking University
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Beijing Turen Landscape And Architecture Planning And Design Institute
Peking University
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Priority to CN2012207355843U priority Critical patent/CN203015513U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2

Abstract

The utility model discloses a commercial crop planting pit of seasonal-drought hilly land. The commercial crop planting pit is formed in the seasonal-drought hilly land with an inclination angle of 15 degrees to 45 degrees; the section, along the horizontal direction, of the pit body is 1.55 square meters to 3.49 square meters; the longitudinal depth of the pit body is 0.83m-1.67m, and the pit bottom is horizontal; stones are built on the pit body along the three surfaces of the slope direction to form a stone weir; the thickness of the stone weir is 0.1m-0.2m; the height c from the top end of the stone weir to the lower-end slope surface is a*sin alpha, wherein a is the pit length and alpha is the gradient; an HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene) impermeable membrane is paved on the inner side of the stone weir; soil is backfilled in the pit; and the commercial crop planting pits are reserved on the surface of the soil. The planting pits are used for planting commercial crops on the seasonal-drought hilly land with annual precipitation less than 500mm, so that a water and soil loss phenomenon of the hilly land can be relieved and considerable economic benefits can be generated.

Description

Economic crops plantation hole, season drought waste hillside
Technical field
The utility model relates to whole ground of afforestation, hillside fields engineering, is specifically related to economic crops plantation hole, a kind of season drought waste hillside.
Background technology
The fish scale pit is by on coombe cutting and crushing domatic, the whole ground engineering of the hillside fields afforestation between 15 °~45 ° gradients.Because of the gradient, soil, limitation of construction, can't build the domatic of horizontal intercepting drain, the mode of often taking manually to dig pit disperses to tackle slope runoff, the conservation of soil and water.Conventional fish scale pit as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the soil that takes out of digging pit is trained into semicircle below the hole the ridge is to increase reservoir storage.On domatic, the layout in hole up and down is alternate, is isosceles triangle and arranges, and forms fish scale-shaped, therefore named fish scale pit.The ridge, hole, general fish scale pit semicircle internal diameter is 0.8~2m approximately, and the horizontal range between the hole (hole distance) is 1.0~3.0m, and the slope distance (array pitch) that two rows are cheated is 1.5~4.0m, and the hole degree of depth is 0.4m approximately.1 tree of planting in every hole.Concrete layout and specification should require to decide according to local rainfall, landform, soil property and afforestation.Because its build technology is simple, block the mud retaining and promote that the growth of young plantations effect is remarkable, be used widely.After particularly reason is guaranteed to cure at current small watershed family, become the major measure of Methods in Slop Improvement at native Mountainous Area.
Fish scale pit afforestation is a kind of bringing soil erosion under control method that engineering measure and plant measures combine, the effect in fish scale pit is to guarantee surviving of trees, by tree cover as the water and soil conservation facility and long-term role, tree cover can be selected fruit tree species according to site condition simultaneously, produces direct economic benefit.At present, many local dutys are digged pit, and ignore the fish scale pit pattern that adapts to the arboreal growth demand, cause forest to plant the survival rate lower (general survival rate should reach 80%) of cultivation; Secondly, plant the selected seeds of cultivation and also be confined to the common tree such as arbor-vitae, jujube tree, do not consider the fruit tree species of other suitable deserted mountain barren hills; Again, no matter whether planting of tree cover plants the space affluence, all adopt the pattern of 1 hole 1 tree, cause the hillside fields economic benefit not bring into play comprehensively.
In addition, the fish scale pit form is extensive, specification is fuzzy, causes soil and water conservation effect not good enough.For reaching good soil and water conservation effect, arranging of fish scale pit has certain specification with form, but in practical operation, often for want of local rainfall, landform, soil property and afforestation requires and the comprehensive Design of carrying out, the hole that aggravated on the contrary water and soil loss, has is little of the 0.3m left and right, and the hole connects the hole, opens up wasteland as peeling, has increased the weight of on the contrary water and soil loss; Some holes degree of depth only has 0.3m, can not satisfy the degree of depth of 0.5~0.8m of the required root growth of trees field planting, causes the tree cover growing state not good enough; The more important thing is, the construction in fish scale pit is comparatively extensive, does not consider the application of Novel seepage technology, and soil and water conservation effect still has larger room for promotion.
The utility model content
For the problems referred to above of prior art, the utility model provides economic crops plantation hole, a kind of season drought waste hillside, carries out orchard planting in utilization and extention fish scale pit, season drought mountain area, to slow down deserted mountain barren hill water and soil loss phenomenon, promotes the Drought Mountain Area sustainable economic development.
For achieving the above object, the utility model comprises following technical scheme:
It is season of 15 °~45 ° on arid hillside field that economic crops plantation hole, a kind of season drought waste hillside, this plantation hole are arranged at the inclination angle, and each body along continuous straight runs cross section, hole is that 1.55~3.49m is square, and hole body depth 0.83~1.67m cheats end level; The hole body consists of the stone weir along slope aspect three surface barrier stones; The thickness on stone weir is 0.1~0.2m; Three of the height on stone weir are equal, and stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length that a=cheats, α=gradient; This inboard HDPE antiseepage film of laying in stone weir, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end; Reclaimed soil in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.5~0.8m, soil surface is reserved the economic crops field planting and is cheated.
Economic crops plantation hole, season drought as above waste hillside, preferably, the horizontal range between the body of described hole is 0.6~1.1m, the slope distance that two rows are cheated is 1~2m.
Economic crops plantation hole, season drought as above waste hillside, preferably,
Each body along continuous straight runs cross section, hole is that 1.9m is square, hole body depth 1.0m, hole end level;
The hole body consists of the stone weir along slope aspect three surface barrier stones; The thickness on stone weir is 0.1m; Three of the height on stone weir are equal, and stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length that a=cheats, α=gradient;
This inboard HDPE antiseepage film of laying in stone weir, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end;
Reclaimed soil in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.8m, soil surface is reserved the economic crops field planting and is cheated;
Horizontal range between the body of hole is 0.6~1.1m, and the slope distance that two rows are cheated is 2m.
Season drought described in the utility model waste hillside is seasonal drought, and the not enough 500mm of annual precipitation is by the hillside fields of coombe cutting and crushing.
Described economic crops can be grapes for example, preferred wine grape.
The utility model according to the natural conditions of season arid hillside field, designs a kind of novel fish scale pit structure and implantation methods for the growth characteristic of small-sized forest plant.It has beneficial effect to be the following aspects:
The one,, propose to utilize the fish scale pit to carry out the pattern of slope garden plantation in season drought mountain area.Investigation finds, season drought mountain area cultivated land resource is rare, hides river valleys, the Lancang River as example take two, 1346 square kilometres of soils only have 5.77 square kilometres can be for cultivating.Traditional Slope land exploitation in above-mentioned area often utilizes the mechanical planarization soil, and this method easily affects the hillside fields rock-steady structure and causes water and soil loss, is subjected to simultaneously impact and the 15 ° of restrictions with descending slope of medium-and-large-sized gravel in the place, causes the soil utilizability limited.Comparatively speaking, the fish scale pit implantation methods is applicable to 15 °~45 ° abrupt slopes, and preresearch estimates can increase above-mentioned area plantation land area 30%, and the plantation hole can be avoided large-scale gravel and carries out part excavation, reducing the earthwork and the engineering difficulty in place, is the effective ways that steep slopeland is opened up wasteland.Can plant adaptation season drought weather in the fish scale pit, take root firmly woods fruit economic crops of deep and firm soil, and adjust plantation density according to the growing space of crop, as economic crops such as grapes, can take hole 4 strains, even excavate in part the cropping pattern that hole 6 strains are taked in fish scale pit difficulty larger area, effectively solve Land resources in mountainous areas limited, the problem that utilization ratio is low.
The 2nd,, the fish scale pit engineering specification of appropriate design season drought Sloping field in mountain area wine-growing.Semicircle hole is adopted in the tradition fish scale pit, the impact in short-term that is conducive to resist a large amount of rainwater, but the semicircle loss of morphology cheat the utilized space of four jiaos, reduced the utilization ratio in soil; The tradition fish scale pit degree of depth only has 0.4m, although earth volume is lower, can not satisfy the growth demand of taking root darker forest tree, take grape as example, suitable plantation is cheated the degree of depth in the 0.8m left and right, and the degree of depth affects the later stage fruit yield a little less than can causing seedling growth less than 0.5m.Therefore, novel fish scale pit takes into full account the demand of local climate, soil condition and plantation vegetation, proposes to adopt square fish scale pit.On the one hand season drought mountain area rainfall is less, and square hole body is auxiliary in conjunction with the stone weir, the impact that can bear corresponding rainwater; On the other hand, grape can be planted in the fish scale pit four jiaos, keep improving planting density on the basis of spacing in the rows spacing greater than 1m; Simultaneously, the plantation hole degree of depth is increased to 0.8m and promotes grape growth, and overall the realization suited measures to local conditions, because of kind of institute suitable.
The 3rd,, use HDPE antiseepage film technology, improve fish scale pit water and soil conservation ability.The HDPE antiseepage film is also referred to as density polyethylene film with high, HDPE geomembrane, is the coiled plastic material that is made of the HDPE resin.Its applicability shows: (1) antiseepage coefficient is high; (2) chemical stability is good, has good antiseptic property, electrical property, humidity resistance, leakage performance; (3) physical stability is good, has outstanding heat resistance, cold tolerance, uvioresistant, anti-decomposability, and the materials'use life-span reaches 50-70; (4) anti-root system of plant has excellent anti-puncture ability, can resist the majority of plant root system; (5) product cost is lower than the conventional waterproof material, saves cost approximately 50% left and right than common engineering; (6) environment-protecting asepsis, HDPE antiseepage film are that high molecular polymer is nontoxic, tasteless, the white particle of odorless, do not produce harmful substance.
Application result shows on the spot, and plantation of the present utility model hole average diminishing benefit for many years surpasses 70%, subtracts husky benefit and surpasses 90%.Be used for the plantation grape, survival rate of plant is 91%.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is economic crops plantation hole, the utility model season drought waste hillside planar structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is that economic crops plantation hole, the utility model season drought waste hillside is along the longitudinal sectional view of weir, a side hole outer wall.
Embodiment
Describe the utility model in detail below by example.
Economic crops plantation hole, the non-irrigated waste hillside of embodiment 1
It is 15 °~45 ° that economic crops plantation hole, season of the present utility model drought waste hillside is arranged on the inclination angle, and the season of the not enough 500mm of annual precipitation is on arid hillside field.A kind of preferred embodiment as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the hole body in plantation hole is square, the length of side is 1.9m, hole body depth 1.0m, hole end level.The hole body consists of stone weir 2 along slope aspect three surface barrier stones, and the thickness on stone weir is 0.1m, and three of the height on stone weir equate, stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length of side in a=hole, α=gradient.The inboard HDPE antiseepage film 3 of laying in stone weir 2, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end.Reclaimed soil 4 in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.8m.Can sneak into the 1-5 kilogram histosol of growing seedlings according to original place soil depletion degree, be used for improving the soil organic matter, improve soil structure, promote soil metabolism, thereby strengthen the crop disease-resistant ability, improve crop quality.Soil surface is reserved the economic crops field planting and is cheated 5, and economic crops such as can be used for planting grape are cheated in field planting, and field planting is cheated and is arranged at four jiaos of square hole bodies, distance four limit 0.2~0.3m.
Earth volume and reservoir storage such as the following table 1 of above-mentioned single hole excavation.This plantation is cheated for many years, and average diminishing benefit over 70%, subtracts husky benefit and surpasses 90%.
The corresponding table of table 1 fish scale pit excavated volume/water-holding capacity
The gradient Excavated volume (cubic meter) Water-holding capacity (cubic meter)
15° 3.49 3.70
25° 3.27 3.34
35° 2.96 2.36
45° 2.55 1.75
Adopt above-mentioned hole body, plant grape on the season of the not enough 500mm of annual precipitation arid hillside field, the horizontal range between the adjacent pits body is 1100mm, and the slope distance of up and down two row is 2000mm.The wine-growing cost per mu comprises all field costs such as infrastructure, water conservancy, plantation at 20,000 yuan.After reaching the maturing stage, every mu of grape annual output is 5000 yuan, considers that front 3 year maturing stage is underproduce, estimates 5 years recovery costs, and obtains to continue income in following a century.

Claims (3)

1. season drought waste hillside economic crops plantation hole, this plantation are cheated and be arranged at the inclination angle is season of 15 °~45 ° on arid hillside field, it is characterized in that,
Each body along continuous straight runs cross section, hole is that 1.55~3.49m is square, hole body depth 0.83~1.67m, hole end level;
The hole body consists of the stone weir along slope aspect three surface barrier stones; The thickness on stone weir is 0.1~0.2m; Three of the height on stone weir are equal, and stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length that a=cheats, α=gradient;
This inboard HDPE antiseepage film of laying in stone weir, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end;
Reclaimed soil in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.5~0.8m, soil surface is reserved the economic crops field planting and is cheated.
2. economic crops plantation hole, season drought waste hillside as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the horizontal range between the body of described hole is 0.6~1.1m, and the slope distance that two rows are cheated is 1~2m.
3. economic crops plantation hole, season drought waste hillside as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that,
Each body along continuous straight runs cross section, hole is that 1.9m is square, hole body depth 1.0m, hole end level;
The hole body consists of the stone weir along slope aspect three surface barrier stones; The thickness on stone weir is 0.1m; Three of the height on stone weir are equal, and stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length that a=cheats, α=gradient;
This inboard HDPE antiseepage film of laying in stone weir, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end;
Reclaimed soil in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.8m, soil surface is reserved the economic crops field planting and is cheated;
Horizontal range between the body of hole is 0.6~1.1m, and the slope distance that two rows are cheated is 2m.
CN2012207355843U 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 Commercial crop planting pit of seasonal-drought hilly land Expired - Fee Related CN203015513U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141323A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-06-12 北京土人景观与建筑规划设计研究院 Season drought barren slope economic crop planting pit and planting method
CN107950310A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-24 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 A kind of discarded pit exploitation reparation pattern and evaluation method
CN111557208A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-21 山东省农业科学院农产品研究所 Accurate water content regulation and control cultivation method applied to wine grapes

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141323A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-06-12 北京土人景观与建筑规划设计研究院 Season drought barren slope economic crop planting pit and planting method
CN107950310A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-24 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 A kind of discarded pit exploitation reparation pattern and evaluation method
CN111557208A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-21 山东省农业科学院农产品研究所 Accurate water content regulation and control cultivation method applied to wine grapes

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Inventor after: Li Dihua

Inventor after: Wang Xin

Inventor after: Song Liqing

Inventor before: Li Dihua

Inventor before: Wang Xin

Inventor before: Song Liqing

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: BEIJING UNIV. BEIJING TUREN URBAN PLANNING AND DES

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Effective date: 20150204

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Address after: 100080, Zhongguancun Haidian District 4-5 North Avenue, 127-1 North Science Park Innovation Center, Beijing

Patentee after: Beijing Turen Landscape and Architecture Planning and Design Institute

Patentee after: Peking University

Patentee after: BEIJING TURENSCAPE URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN CO., LTD.

Address before: 100080, Zhongguancun Haidian District 4-5 North Avenue, 127-1 North Science Park Innovation Center, Beijing

Patentee before: Beijing Turen Landscape and Architecture Planning and Design Institute

Patentee before: Peking University

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130626

Termination date: 20151227