CN108812166A - A kind of fish-scale pit preparations for afforestation method - Google Patents

A kind of fish-scale pit preparations for afforestation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108812166A
CN108812166A CN201810568640.0A CN201810568640A CN108812166A CN 108812166 A CN108812166 A CN 108812166A CN 201810568640 A CN201810568640 A CN 201810568640A CN 108812166 A CN108812166 A CN 108812166A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hole
crescent
afforestation
fish
preparations
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810568640.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾长荣
高峻
卢战平
李红运
杨玉霞
侯环珍
谢会芳
任军战
李剑侠
王爱国
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanshan Forest Farm In State Of Jiyuan
Original Assignee
Nanshan Forest Farm In State Of Jiyuan
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Publication date
Application filed by Nanshan Forest Farm In State Of Jiyuan filed Critical Nanshan Forest Farm In State Of Jiyuan
Priority to CN201810568640.0A priority Critical patent/CN108812166A/en
Publication of CN108812166A publication Critical patent/CN108812166A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0291Planting receptacles specially adapted for remaining in the soil after planting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fish-scale pit preparations for afforestation methods, it is first in the hole of several row's crescent of the top-down alternation excavation in mountainous region or slope, the pitted surface of each hole is lower than former slope surface, the bank of each crescent hole of every row is on the basis of contour, adjacent two rows of crescent holes are laid staggeredly, then a gillis is fixed far from hole inner wall is adjacent on the outside of slope surface in each crescent hole, and it is laid with degradable mulch in crescent hole bottom and gillis inner wall, finally it is implanted into backfilling new soil after nursery stock.Preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit of the invention is using the crescent hole being laid staggeredly, gillis is fixed in hole and is laid with degradable mulch, and there is the efficiency catchmented with water storage, can effectively reduce soil erosion, improve the utilizing status of runoff, to effectively raise the survival rate of nursery stock, gillis is worked out using shrub, can be gathered materials on the spot, method is simple, it is at low cost, and without soil pollution, it is not only environmentally friendly but also durable.

Description

A kind of fish-scale pit preparations for afforestation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to anti-arid afforestation technology fields, relate generally to a kind of method of forestation, are specifically to be related to a kind of fit For the fish-scale pit preparations for afforestation method of Difficult site, to improve the surrival rate of afforestation of Difficult site.
Background technique
Difficult site refers to that high steep barren hill, dust storm eroded field, Karst Mountains Desertification Area, coastal tidal, the hot paddy of dry river, arid are poor The afforestation such as lean stony cut slope, salt-soda soil, the heap of callapsed landslide mud-rock flow, heavily contaminated soil, mining traces, road high gradient slope are tired Difficult site type.Vegetation sparse, erosion are strong in Difficult site, and ecological construction and restoration of the ecosystem are extremely difficult.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is:It provides a kind of suitable for stony cut slope, the barren stony cut slope of arid, road high gradient slope etc. The fish-scale pit preparations for afforestation method of Difficult site, to improve the surrival rate of afforestation.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of fish-scale pit preparations for afforestation method, first mountainous region or slope from top to bottom Several row's crescent of alternation excavation hole, the pitted surface of each hole is lower than former slope surface, the bank of each crescent hole of every row Extend on the basis of contour to two sides, adjacent two rows of crescent holes are laid staggeredly, then remote in each crescent hole The gillis worked out by shrub is fixed from hole inner wall is adjacent on the outside of slope surface, and in crescent hole bottom and fish Dissepiment inner wall is laid with degradable mulch, is finally implanted into backfilling new soil after nursery stock.
In every row's crescent hole 4 meters of spacing between two adjacent crescent holes.
3 meters of spacing between adjacent two rows of crescent holes.
Two seedlings are planted respectively in each crescent hole.
The nursery stock be arbor-vitae, cork oak, Chinese pistache one or more.
Nursery stock buried depth 30-40cm in plantation, and saturation water-retaining agent 1000g is added, it is put into the nursery stock with nutrition cup After banket, water, finally cover degradable mulch soil moisture conservation.
The length of each crescent hole is 1.2 meters, and depth is 0.5 meter.
The gillis length is 1.3 meters, and width is 0.5 meter.
The gillis is that raw material uses the thin filling density weave of warp to work out by five-leaved chaste tree.
Gillis buried depth 10-20cm in crescent hole completes to fix.
Preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit of the invention uses the crescent hole being laid staggeredly, and fixes gillis simultaneously in hole Laying can reduce mulch, have the efficiency catchmented with water storage, can effectively reduce soil erosion, and that improves runoff utilizes effect Fruit works out gillis using shrub to effectively raise the survival rate of nursery stock, can gather materials on the spot, and method is simple, at This is low, and without soil pollution, not only environmental protection but also durable, has preferable effect to the ecological environment for improving Difficult site.
Specific embodiment
Preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit of the invention is first in several rows of the top-down alternation excavation in mountainous region or slope The hole of crescent, each crescent hole long 1.2 meters, 0.5 meter wide, depth 10-20cm, the bottom pitted surface of each hole are lower than former slope The bank in face, each crescent hole two sides of every row is extended outwardly on the basis of contour, in-between adjacent two rows of moons Thread form hole is laid staggeredly, and makes three crescent hole arrangements in the shape of " pin " that two rows are adjacent, and two rows are adjacent Crescent hole between be mutually lapped, to improve the utilization rate of runoff, after crescent hole is dug, in each crescent hole The gillis worked out by shrub is fixed far from hole inner wall is adjacent on the outside of slope surface, gillis is in crescent hole Buried depth 10-20cm is fixed, and then degradable mulch is laid in crescent hole bottom and gillis inner wall, after being finally implanted into nursery stock Backfilling new soil.Specifically, gillis can use common five-leaved chaste tree to work out for raw material by being dredged filling density weave, work out When:Every three twigs of the chaste tree lay flat as one pass through, through with through the distance between be 10 centimetres, put total length be 130 centimetres, set The twigs of the chaste tree of latitude are worked out after the twigs of the chaste tree of longitude, the twigs of the chaste tree are all laterally chosen once pressing once being worked out one by one, and second is pressed one It is chosen once being worked out, makes originally to be laid in those of ground with same form and transversely linked and fix to the twigs of the chaste tree, At this moment the twigs of the chaste tree added are called the latitude twigs of the chaste tree, and the latitude twigs of the chaste tree are worked out one by one, add up up to 50 centimetres, both ends Side is received, stays 20 centimetres to cut through the extra twigs of the chaste tree for three, the twigs of the chaste tree of warp are inserted into third and carry out receipts side through the inside, the twigs of the chaste tree are tight It fastens and forms complete firm gillis, the long 130cm of the gillis being compiled into, width 50cm on panel.When fixed gillis, Gillis is first curved into semicircle cambered arcuation, then gillis radius substantially 60cm after bending is cheated along crescent The ditch of 10-20cm is dug downwards at bottom, and nuzzle rear outer rim of gillis is carried out grave mound reinforcing.For the afforestation for improving Difficult site Success rate, mainly based on the drought-enduring indigenous tree such as arbor-vitae, cork oak, Chinese pistache, seedling age requirement is the nursery stock for selection of afforesting 2 years nutrition cup nursery stocks, the buried depth of nursery stock are 30cm, and 1000 grams of water-retaining agent of saturation is first added in when plantation in crescent hole, After being put into the nursery stock with nutrition cup, backfill fills full water, is saturated soil sufficiently, and finally in top, covering mulch preserves soil moisture, Two plants of nursery stock are transplanted in each crescent hole.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fish-scale pit preparations for afforestation method, which is characterized in that first in the top-down alternation excavation in mountainous region or slope The hole of several row's crescent, the pitted surface of each hole are lower than former slope surface, and the bank of each crescent hole of every row is with contour On the basis of, adjacent two rows of crescent holes are laid staggeredly, then in each crescent hole far from being adjacent to hole on the outside of slope surface Inner wall fixes the gillis worked out by shrub, and is laid with degradablely in crescent hole bottom and gillis inner wall Film is finally implanted into backfilling new soil after nursery stock.
2. preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in every row's crescent hole 4 meters of spacing between two adjacent crescent holes.
3. preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that adjacent two rows of crescent hole 3 meters of spacing between cave.
4. preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in each crescent hole Two seedlings are planted respectively.
5. preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit according to claim 1 or 4, which is characterized in that the nursery stock is arbor-vitae, bolt The one or more of Pi Yue, Chinese pistache.
6. preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit according to claim 5, which is characterized in that nursery stock buried depth in plantation 30-40cm, and saturation water-retaining agent 1000g is added, it is put into after the nursery stock with nutrition cup and bankets, waters, finally cover degradablely Film soil moisture conservation.
7. preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the length of each crescent hole Degree is 1.2 meters, and depth is 0.5 meter.
8. preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the gillis length is 1.3 Rice, width are 0.5 meter.
9. preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the gillis is original by five-leaved chaste tree Material is worked out using through thin filling density weave.
10. preparations for afforestation method in fish-scale pit described according to claim 1 or 6 or 7, which is characterized in that the gillis exists Buried depth 10-20cm completes to fix in crescent hole.
CN201810568640.0A 2018-05-25 2018-05-25 A kind of fish-scale pit preparations for afforestation method Pending CN108812166A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110249883A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-20 吉林省长白工坊科贸有限公司 A method of it transplanting more season roses and reduces Topographic factor
CN110999745A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-14 江苏长江机械化基础工程有限公司 Water-saving fish scale pit digging and forest-building method for loess area
CN111434215A (en) * 2019-01-11 2020-07-21 宁夏农林科学院荒漠化治理研究所(宁夏防沙治沙与水土保持重点实验室) Barren mountain rain-collecting land-preparation afforestation method

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1820578A (en) * 2005-12-31 2006-08-23 兰州市南北两山环境绿化工程指挥部 Method for anti-drought afforestation by collecting water, preserving water and supplementing water
CN201794080U (en) * 2010-09-25 2011-04-13 东莞市奥达绿保环保科技有限公司 Greening slope protection network
CN104303946A (en) * 2014-11-02 2015-01-28 昆明市东川区林业技术推广站 Funnel bottom fish-scale pit soil preparation technology
CN104429801A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 曹席轶 Method for afforestation on difficult lands in Han River seacoast
CN105557431A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-11 山东省林业科学研究院 Planting method for increasing bare-rooted seedling afforestation survival rate with water-saving irrigation
CN106305030A (en) * 2015-07-08 2017-01-11 申茂军 Method for restoring vegetation in grassland and mining area through biological fence technology
CN107142897A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-08 王建军 Fish-scale pit biology bank protecting method
CN107371433A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-11-24 宁夏农林科学院固原分院 The convenient fish-scale pit afforestation and soil preparation method of high-quality and high-efficiency
CN207211070U (en) * 2017-06-27 2018-04-10 王建军 Fish-scale pit biology protective slope structure

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1820578A (en) * 2005-12-31 2006-08-23 兰州市南北两山环境绿化工程指挥部 Method for anti-drought afforestation by collecting water, preserving water and supplementing water
CN201794080U (en) * 2010-09-25 2011-04-13 东莞市奥达绿保环保科技有限公司 Greening slope protection network
CN104303946A (en) * 2014-11-02 2015-01-28 昆明市东川区林业技术推广站 Funnel bottom fish-scale pit soil preparation technology
CN104429801A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 曹席轶 Method for afforestation on difficult lands in Han River seacoast
CN106305030A (en) * 2015-07-08 2017-01-11 申茂军 Method for restoring vegetation in grassland and mining area through biological fence technology
CN105557431A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-11 山东省林业科学研究院 Planting method for increasing bare-rooted seedling afforestation survival rate with water-saving irrigation
CN107142897A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-08 王建军 Fish-scale pit biology bank protecting method
CN207211070U (en) * 2017-06-27 2018-04-10 王建军 Fish-scale pit biology protective slope structure
CN107371433A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-11-24 宁夏农林科学院固原分院 The convenient fish-scale pit afforestation and soil preparation method of high-quality and high-efficiency

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111434215A (en) * 2019-01-11 2020-07-21 宁夏农林科学院荒漠化治理研究所(宁夏防沙治沙与水土保持重点实验室) Barren mountain rain-collecting land-preparation afforestation method
CN110249883A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-20 吉林省长白工坊科贸有限公司 A method of it transplanting more season roses and reduces Topographic factor
CN110999745A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-14 江苏长江机械化基础工程有限公司 Water-saving fish scale pit digging and forest-building method for loess area

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